CN104960657B - A kind of combination separate type stratosphere flight device system - Google Patents

A kind of combination separate type stratosphere flight device system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104960657B
CN104960657B CN201510436462.2A CN201510436462A CN104960657B CN 104960657 B CN104960657 B CN 104960657B CN 201510436462 A CN201510436462 A CN 201510436462A CN 104960657 B CN104960657 B CN 104960657B
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solar energy
unmanned plane
subsystem
aerostat
flight
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CN104960657A (en
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祝明
孙康文
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Beijing Tianhang Huachuang Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Tianhang Huachuang Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system schema, main inclusion:Aerostat, solar energy unmanned plane, and connect rope.Wherein, aerostat part comprises utricule body again, the cable net structure outside utricule;Solar energy unmanned plane is the core of whole platform, mainly by the structure subsystem comprising body stabilization, energy subsystem, and avionics flies control subsystem, propulsion subsystem, and load subsystem is constituted.The program realizes the quick lift-off of platform using aerostat, after reaching set flying height, realizes aerostat by demolition set and separates with solar energy unmanned plane.Operation flight when solar energy unmanned plane realizes long using self-contained part, after the completion for the treatment of task, realizes fixed point by the avionics flight control system of itself and gives an encore.By this scheme, solar energy unmanned plane can be greatly promoted and execute performance during aerial mission.

Description

A kind of combination separate type stratosphere flight device system
First, technical field:
The present invention provides a kind of combination separate type stratosphere flight device system schema, belongs to Aero-Space plateform system technology Field.
2nd, background technology:
With the expansion further in aerospace technology field, the stratosphere flight device using for Aeronautics and Astronautics joint portion is Become the emphasis of various countries' research.Compared with conventional airplane, the advantage of low speed stratosphere flight device is:(1) airborne period is long, can hold Continuous work.It is easy to long-term, obtains information data incessantly, in time emergency is responded rapidly.(2) cover model Enclose wide.The flying height of stratosphere flight device is bigger than conventional airplane, and therefore coverage is also broader than conventional airplane.(3) raw Deposit ability strong.Critical piece due to balloon or blimp and some low-speed unmanned aerial vehicles is made using nonmetallic materials, because This radar reflection section very little, traditional radar is difficult to follow the tracks of and finds.(4) manufacture and operation and maintenance cost is low, the guarantor of needs Barrier personnel are few, logistic implications are light.
Compared with satellite, because stratosphere flight device runs highly low, typically just low orbit satellite 1/10-1/20, easily Realize high-resolution earth observation, can effectively make up moonscope local blind spot.Low to scouting, scope requirement, adopt one As digital camera it is possible to obtain the photo suitable with high accuracy satellite quality;Low cost of manufacture is it is not necessary to complex and expensive Launch facility, most of part and payload recyclable reuse relatively low to ground equipment requirements also ratio, therefore efficiency-cost ratio High.Emission process is relatively simple;Payload technical difficulty little it is easy to update and safeguard.
In the development process of stratosphere flight device, the solar energy unmanned plane of HAE has become the heat of various countries' research Point.But the problem of existing research is:Solar energy unmanned plane rises to set flying height, generally 20km from ground, leads to Often need the time of more than one day to complete, the problem that the rate of climb is brought slowly is that quick-reaction capability is poor, and then affect its execution The performance of aerial mission.
For this reason, the present invention proposes a kind of combination separate type stratosphere flight device system schema, the program is by being filled with helium Aerostat realize the quick lift-off of platform, after reaching set flying height, by demolition set realize aerostat with Solar energy unmanned plane separates.Separate after solar energy unmanned plane according to the avionics of itself fly control subsystem execution aerial mission and Carry out flight of giving an encore.
3rd, content of the invention:
(1) purpose:It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of combine point combined with solar energy unmanned plane of aerostat From formula stratosphere flight device system.The program realizes the quick lift-off of platform using aerostat, reaches set flying height Afterwards, realize aerostat by demolition set to separate with solar energy unmanned plane.Separate after solar energy unmanned plane according to itself Avionics flies control subsystem execution aerial mission.
(2) technical scheme:A kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system, including:Aerostat, solar energy Unmanned plane, connection rope;Wherein, described aerostat comprises utricule body, the cable net structure outside utricule;Solar energy unmanned plane It is the core of whole system, by the structure subsystem comprising body stabilization, energy subsystem, avionics flies control subsystem, propulsion Subsystem, load subsystem is constituted;Described connection rope is used for described aerostat is connected with described solar energy unmanned plane;Institute State connection rope and be provided with demolition set for described connecting rope is carried out explosion;
Described utricule body is made using cheap, lightweight material, for storing helium, provides for whole system and effectively rises Power;
Cable net structure outside described utricule is used for connecting described solar energy unmanned plane, the liter that described aerostat is produced Power is supplied to described solar energy unmanned plane;
The described structure subsystem comprising body stabilization is used for providing all airborne equipments on described solar energy unmanned plane Mounting interface;
Described energy subsystem provides the required energy for whole system, has energy conservation function concurrently;
Described avionics flies control subsystem and is used for carrying out real-time monitoring and control to the state of flight of whole system;
The flight attitude that described propulsion subsystem is used for coordinating described body stabilization to realize whole system is adjusted and air route Flight;
Described load subsystem is used for realizing set aerial mission.
Further, described aerial mission is photograph or communicates.
The workflow of whole platform is as follows:
The workflow of whole system is as follows:
By described aerostat with described solar energy unmanned plane assembles respectively and debugging finishes, by described height under the state of ground Air balls are inflated by set design requirement, by described connection rope and described solar energy unmanned plane after the completion of inflation It is connected;
Under original state, described solar energy unmanned plane head upward, is flown to set by described aerostat fast lifting Line height;
After reaching intended height, long by the described described cable net structure connecting on rope and described aerostat Degree is adjusted, and described solar energy unmanned plane is evened up;
After described solar energy unmanned plane is evened up, start described propulsion system, make described solar energy unmanned plane meet flight The resistance that pushes away under environment balances;
Described solar energy unmanned plane meet under flight environment of vehicle pushing away resistance balance after, described aerostat and described solar energy Described connection rope between unmanned plane will carry out explosion by described demolition set, realize efficiently separating of two parts;
Operation flight when described solar energy unmanned plane realizes long using self-contained part;
After the completion for the treatment of task, fixed point is realized by the described avionics of itself winged control subsystem and gives an encore.
(3) advantage of the program:1) this system profile layout is novel, internal structure succinct it is easy to Project Realization;2) favourable Load-carrying ability in lifting solar energy unmanned plane.Solar energy unmanned plane is quickly risen by being filled with the aerostat of helium and realizing platform Sky, thus overcome itself slow shortcoming of lift-off.Because solar energy unmanned plane is without the problem considering lift-off ability, therefore design When, the layout of more conventional single form is increased by its load-carrying ability;3) be conducive to saving system energy.Under original state, Solar energy unmanned plane head upward, by aerostat fast lifting to set flying height, so can reduce lift-off resistance, And then energy saving.
4th, brief description:
Fig. 1 is that a kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system equals overall structure figure when flying;
Fig. 2 is that a kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system puts down local structural graph when flying;
Fig. 3 is that a kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system rises space-time overall structure figure;
Fig. 4 is local structural graph during a kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system lift-off;
Fig. 5 is local structural graph when a kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system separates.
In figure label declaration is as follows:
1. aerostat, 2. cable net structure,
3. solar energy unmanned plane, 4. body stabilization,
5th, specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings a kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system schema is further described:
A kind of present invention combination separate type stratosphere flight device system schema, as shown in figure 1, main inclusion aerostat 1, Cable net structure 2, solar energy unmanned plane 3, body stabilization 4.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, in an embodiment of the present invention:Under original state, that is, rise space-time, connect solar energy unmanned plane The connection rope decentralization of 3 afterbodys, makes plane nose upward, and by aerostat 1 fast lifting to set flying height.The sun Energy unmanned plane head advantageously reduces the lift-off resistance of whole system upward, and then can achieve the requirement of the quick lift-off of aircraft.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, in an embodiment of the present invention:After platform reaches intended height, by connection rope Carry out length adjustment with the cable net structure on aerostat, solar energy unmanned plane flies shape by becoming flat upward by original head State.Hereafter, start the propulsion subsystem of solar energy unmanned plane, make solar energy unmanned plane meet the resistance that pushes away under flight environment of vehicle and balance.
As shown in Figure 1, shown in Figure 5, in an embodiment of the present invention:The resistance that pushes away meeting under flight environment of vehicle in solar energy unmanned plane is put down After weighing apparatus, the connection rope between aerostat and solar energy unmanned plane will carry out explosion by demolition set, realize two parts Efficiently separate.Solar energy unmanned plane after separating flies control subsystem execution aerial mission by the avionics of itself and realizes determining Point is given an encore.And the aerostat after separating is low-cost production due to it, therefore do not consider it is reclaimed.Grasped by above Make, the recycling of achievable solar energy unmanned plane.
It should be pointed out that this example only listing property illustrates the application process of the present invention, not for the restriction present invention.Any ripe Know the personnel of this kind of use technology, all can without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention above-described embodiment be modified.Cause This, the scope of the present invention, should be as listed by claims.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of combination separate type stratosphere flight device system is it is characterised in that include:Aerostat, solar energy unmanned plane, company Splicing rope;Wherein, described aerostat comprises utricule body, the cable net structure outside utricule;Solar energy unmanned plane is whole system The core of system, by the structure subsystem comprising body stabilization, energy subsystem, avionics flies control subsystem, propulsion subsystem, carries Lotus subsystem is constituted;Described connection rope is used for described aerostat is connected with described solar energy unmanned plane;Described connecting rope Rope is provided with demolition set for described connection rope is carried out explosion;
Described utricule body is made using cheap, lightweight material, for storing helium, provides useful lift for whole system;
Cable net structure outside described utricule is used for connecting described solar energy unmanned plane, and the lift that described aerostat is produced carries Supply described solar energy unmanned plane;
The described structure subsystem comprising body stabilization is used for providing the peace of all airborne equipments on described solar energy unmanned plane Attaching mouth;
Described energy subsystem provides the required energy for whole system, has energy conservation function concurrently;
Described avionics flies control subsystem and is used for carrying out real-time monitoring and control to the state of flight of whole system;
The flight attitude that described propulsion subsystem is used for coordinating described body stabilization to realize whole system is adjusted and Route reform;
Described load subsystem is used for realizing set aerial mission.
2. a kind of combination separate type stratosphere flight device system according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described flight is appointed It is engaged in as taking a picture or communicating.
3. a kind of combination separate type stratosphere flight device system according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:
The workflow of whole system is as follows:
By described aerostat with described solar energy unmanned plane assembles respectively and debugging finishes, by described high air under the state of ground Ball is inflated by set design requirement, by described connection rope and described solar energy unmanned plane phase after the completion of inflation Even;
Under original state, described solar energy unmanned plane head is upward, high to set flight by described aerostat fast lifting Degree;
After reaching intended height, length tune is carried out by the described cable net structure on described connection rope and described aerostat Section, described solar energy unmanned plane is evened up;
After described solar energy unmanned plane is evened up, start described propulsion system, make described solar energy unmanned plane meet flight environment of vehicle Under push away resistance balance;
Described solar energy unmanned plane meet under flight environment of vehicle pushing away resistance balance after, described aerostat and described solar energy are unmanned Described connection rope between machine will carry out explosion by described demolition set, realize efficiently separating of two parts;
Operation flight when described solar energy unmanned plane realizes long using self-contained part;
After the completion for the treatment of task, fixed point is realized by the described avionics of itself winged control subsystem and gives an encore.
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CN106155075B (en) * 2016-08-22 2020-07-14 上海交通大学 Separable unmanned aerial vehicle control system
CN107499533A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-12-22 中国航空工业集团公司西安飞机设计研究所 A kind of full machine drop test device and full machine drop-test method
CN108163181A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-06-15 北京天恒长鹰科技股份有限公司 The recovery method of airship gondola, dirigible and airship gondola
CN108045543B (en) * 2017-12-12 2021-08-24 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Unmanned aerial vehicle's dispensing system
CN110920921A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-03-27 中国科学院光电研究院 Near space aircraft launching system and method
CN110963041A (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-04-07 中航电测仪器(西安)有限公司 Method for flying fixed-wing aircraft based on helicopter hanging and delivering system
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