CN104909592B - High-magnesium waste stone dust-based composite mineral admixture, and applications thereof in medium-strength concrete - Google Patents

High-magnesium waste stone dust-based composite mineral admixture, and applications thereof in medium-strength concrete Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104909592B
CN104909592B CN201510273672.4A CN201510273672A CN104909592B CN 104909592 B CN104909592 B CN 104909592B CN 201510273672 A CN201510273672 A CN 201510273672A CN 104909592 B CN104909592 B CN 104909592B
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magnesium
concrete
waste stone
magnesium waste
stone dust
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CN104909592A (en
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纪友红
钟克辉
李巍
曾荣
王高峰
吴有武
劳里林
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Huarun Cement Technology Research And Development (guangxi) Co Ltd
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Huarun Cement Technology Research And Development (guangxi) Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-magnesium waste stone dust-based composite mineral admixture, and applications thereof in medium-strength concrete. The high-magnesium waste stone dust-based composite mineral admixture is prepared via following steps: (1) high-magnesium waste stone, wet discharged fly ash, and manganese residue are dried until water content is lower than 1.0%; and (2) by weight, 70 to 85 parts of the dried high-magnesium waste stone, 10 to 20 parts of the dried wet discharged fly ash, and 0 to 10 parts of the dried manganese residue, 0 to 10 parts of mineral waste residue, and 0 to 10 parts of a clinker are smashed into powder respectively and then are mixed, or are mixed and then are smashed into powder with a specific surface area ranging from 601 to 900m2/kg so as to obtain the high-magnesium waste stone dust-based composite mineral admixture. According to the high-magnesium waste stone dust-based composite mineral admixture, morphology effects and filling effects of high-magnesium waste stone powder are used so as to increase compactness of concrete mixtures, and increase fluidity of concrete; slump loss is less; less additives such as polycarboxylic acid are absorbed; concrete early-stage strength development is accelerated, and later-stage development is stabilized. And in addition, the high-magnesium waste stone dust-based composite mineral admixture can be applied to concrete together with high-magnesium waste stone coarse and fine aggregates so as to increase utilization ratio of high-magnesium waste stone greatly.

Description

High magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material and the application in moderate strength concrete
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material field, be specifically related to a kind of high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material and in Application in equal strength concrete.
Background technology
Along with cement and the development of Concrete Industry, the limestone resource of a large amount of high-qualitys is constantly consumed, limestone The waste minerals in mine increases the most year by year, and the long-term heap of these garbages is stored in earth's surface, not only occupies a large amount of land resource, the most right Environment has potentially hazardous, as caused the pollution of soil and water environment, destroying vegetation etc..Therefore, how limestone mine is processed Mountain garbage, and then save and store up soil, alleviate ambient pressure, be cement industry important topic urgently to be resolved hurrily.
It is known that when exploiting limestone mine, the limestone resource quality of high-quality is pure, is mainly composed of CaCO3, Can be directly used for calcining cement.Containing magnesium in part limestone higher, cement stability is produced impact, therefore, GB is to cement The content of middle magnesium oxide has certain limitations, and usually requires that less than 5.0%.This just directly limit the lime stone containing magnesite in cement Utilization, waste treatment can only be done.
Along with the proposition of the policies such as national energy-saving reduction of discharging, sustainable development, high magnesium barren rock is carried out by studies in China person, enterprise The research taken infinite pains, also obtains certain achievement, and main useful high magnesium barren rock is joined cement slurry calcining and produced grog, as water Cement mixture, make concrete coarse-fine aggregate three aspect with high magnesium barren rock, but the most useful high magnesium barren rock does the phase of concrete admixture Close report.When high magnesium barren rock is used for preparing cement slurry in right amount, it forms periclase lattice in the condition of high temperature, it is possible to decrease cement is ripe Feed liquid phasor forms temperature;Appropriate as when mixing material or aggregate, magnesium mainly exists with inertia magnesium such as magnesium carbonate, can be similar to general Logical limestone uses, and reduces manufacture of cement cost.
The application of high magnesium barren rock is less, comprehensively utilizes limited, and when being used as cement slurry, it is necessary to strictly control content of magnesium, no Then the cement after calcining easily causes stability bad;During for mixing material, by national standard index, use habits such as specific surface areas Deng impact, limit the usage amount of dolomitic lime stone;During as aggregate, generally believing and alkali carbonic acid can be caused to react, popularization is subject to Limit.In a word, current high magnesium barren rock works as offal treatment mostly, causes the wasting of resources.
The reason causing drawbacks described above has:
(1) content of magnesium oxide in cement is had certain limitations by GB, usually requires that less than 5.0%, limits high magnesium and gives up After the utilization of stone, and the calcining of high magnesium barren rock, magnesium-containing mineral changes into activity MgO, easily causes cement swollen in cement hydration process Distending splits;
(2) when China JC/T 600-2010 " limestone portland cement " specifies Calx masonry mixing material, calcium carbonate content Not less than 75.0%, aluminium sesquioxide content is not more than 2.0%, and in cement, limestone content is less than 25%, and cement specific surface Long-pending general control is at 400m2/ below kg;
(3), in the idea of people, when high magnesium barren rock makees aggregate, easily there is the reaction of alkali carbonic acid, cause volume of concrete swollen Distending splits, and the most typically will not do aggregate with high magnesium barren rock.
(4) wet-discharged coal ash is due to mixing together with water, furnace bottom ash etc., causes that its activity is relatively low, impurity content is higher, even Matter is poor, limits the popularization and application of wet-discharged coal ash, it is also possible to have potential hazard.
It addition, along with the development of building trade, the demand of concrete is also gradually increased.Main flow admixture is dry row Flyash, breeze, also have employing common lime stone powder individually make admixture or mix as mineral with the mixing such as breeze, dry discharge fly ash Close material.But supply falls short of demand for dry discharge fly ash and breeze now, and some areas even can be used without admixture, and price is climbed the most successively Rising, the defective work such as " false dry ash discharge " day by day increases, and causes the cost of concrete to increase and quality is the most unstable, and production is difficult to Control.
Wet-discharged coal ash, due to mixing together with water, furnace bottom ash etc., causes that its activity is relatively low, impurity content is higher, homogeneous Property is poor, limits the popularization and application of wet-discharged coal ash, stacks land occupation resource, contaminated soil and subsoil water etc., prestige all the year round Side of body human health.
The most in recent years, China's manganese industrial expansion is rapid, and manganese slag is administered and comprehensive reutilization problem is the most prominent Go out.Current a large amount of undressed manganese slag is piled up for a long time, it will surrounding is caused severe contamination.
Therefore, preparing concrete admixture with industrial residues such as high magnesium barren rock, wet-discharged coal ash, industry manganese slags is to solve The new way that barren rock accumulation, dry discharge fly ash, manganese slag muck amass, the most also can alleviate the admixtures such as dry row coal ash, breeze, silica flour Problem in short supply.
Summary of the invention
For the problem of the aspects such as above-mentioned technology, resource, idea, the primary and foremost purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of high magnesium to give up The preparation method of stone powder based composite mineral blending material.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material prepared by said method.
It is still another object of the present invention to provide above-mentioned high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material to mix in moderate strength Application in solidifying soil, the high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material of the present invention contains only a small amount of grog and slag, is applied to mix Time in solidifying soil, alternative existing admixture and part of cement, and concrete water amount can be reduced, and then reduce cost.Meanwhile, Working performance of concrete can be improved, increase the density of concrete.
Meanwhile, concrete coarse-fine aggregate of the present invention is alternatively high magnesium barren rock, changes and avoids traditionally using High magnesium barren rock makees the idea of concrete coarse-fine aggregate;And a kind of use high magnesium barren rock admixture, high magnesium barren rock coarse-fine aggregate are provided Concrete.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The preparation method of a kind of high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material, comprises the following steps:
(1) it is less than 1.0% by high magnesium barren rock, wet-discharged coal ash, manganese slag, slag drying to moisture content;
(2) by the high magnesium barren rock 70 dried~85 parts, wet-discharged coal ash 10~20 parts, manganese slag 0~10 parts, slag 0~10 Part mixes with 0~10 part of grog, and the specific surface area being then crushed to material is 601~900m2/ kg, obtains high magnesium waste stone dust base Complex mineral blending material;Or it is 601~900m by the raw material separate compiling of above-mentioned number to specific surface area2/ kg, remixes, Obtain high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material;Described number is weight portion.
By this different materials intergrinding or separate compiling, wet ash discharge and manganese slag, the value of slag can be improved, on a small quantity The admixture of grog, breeze and the preparation of substantial amounts of high magnesium waste stone dust can replace more breeze and dry discharge fly ash, and energy its There is aquation synergism in person, improves the activity of admixture and the workability in concrete and durability.High magnesium barren rock mixes During solidifying soil admixture, can be thinner for high magnesium barren rock grinding so that it is while there is common admixture performance, have more filling effect And hydration effect, improve workability and the intensity of concrete;This is used as cement slurry, mixes material or aggregate time institute with high magnesium barren rock Role is different.
Described high magnesium barren rock be content of MgO be the limestone of 3.5~12.6%;
Described wet-discharged coal ash is more than III grade flyash, water requirement≤115%, loss on ignition≤15%, 45 μm square hole screens Tail over≤45%;
Described manganese slag is the waste residue after industry metal smelting manganese, and slag is industrial residue, and both are to be produced by different process , its composition is different, should not both be confused;
Described grog can use clinker commonly used in the art, preferably ordinary portland cement clinker.
The high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material that said method prepares can be applicable in moderate strength concrete, substitutes Existing admixture and part of cement;
Described moderate strength concrete refers to the concrete of strength grade C30~C50.
A kind of strength grade is the concrete of C30, and containing the complex mineral blending material of the present invention, every cubic meter of concrete is former Material proportioning is as follows:
A kind of strength grade is the concrete of C50, and containing the complex mineral blending material of the present invention, every cubic meter of concrete is former Material proportioning is as follows:
Described sand refers to more than one in high magnesium barren rock Machine-made Sand, common Machine-made Sand made of stones or natural sand.
The present invention has such advantages as relative to prior art and effect:
(1) present invention provides effective new way of a kind of high magnesium waste stone utilization, improves the utilization rate of high magnesium barren rock, become give up into Treasured, can alleviate the harm that environment is caused by barren rock heap buried etc..Meanwhile, the admixture of the present invention can with high magnesium barren rock coarse-fine aggregate altogether With being applied in concrete, it is greatly improved the utilization rate of high magnesium barren rock.
(2) admixture of the present invention can be widely applied in concrete, merely with a small amount of grog and slag and a large amount of high magnesium Barren rock is formulated, can wait quality replacement 50~100% dry discharge fly ash, can to a certain degree reduce cement in concrete system Consumption, reduces concrete water amount or additive usage, and then reduces the cost of raw material, and can effectively solve current admixture Provincialism pressure in short supply and minimizing CO2Discharge.
(3) present invention utilizes shape effect and the filling effect of high magnesium waste stone dust, increases the degree of compaction of concrete mix, Improving the mobility of concrete, and little loss of slump, the absorption to additives such as polycarboxylic acids is the lowest, makes concrete in early days simultaneously Strength development is very fast, later strength development stability.
(4) present invention uses industrial residue and high magnesium barren rock, grog intergrinding or the difference such as wet ash discharge, manganese slag or slag Grinding, improves wet ash discharge fineness and value, reduces it and piles up pollution on the environment, also consumes the Industry Wastes such as manganese slag Slag, has obvious economic benefit and social benefit, environmental benefit.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited to this.
Embodiment 1~6
By high magnesium barren rock, wet-discharged coal ash, manganese slag, slag drying to moisture content below 1.0%, and with grog according to table 1 ratio puts into ball mill grinding to corresponding specific surface area, obtains 6 composite admixtures, and numbering is respectively 1#~6#.
Table 1. high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral admixture coordinates when fineness
The grog used is the ordinary portland cement clinker that China Resources, Guangxi Hongsuihe River Cement Co., Ltd produces.
In order to preferably reflect the effect of composite admixture of the present invention, in being applied to the admixture of above-mentioned 6 embodiments In reinforced concrete, and corresponding C30, C50 example is selected to compare.Test is according to normal concrete mechanical test method (GB/T50081 2002) and Standard for test methods of properties of ordinary concrete mixture (GB/T50080 2002) are carried out, concrete matched Composition and division in a proportion is as shown in table 2 and table 3, and Detection results is as shown in table 4 and table 5.
The application in C30 concrete of the table 2. high magnesium waste stone dust base composite blend
The application in C50 concrete of the table 3. high magnesium waste stone dust base composite blend
In table 2 and table 3, cement is P O42.5 cement;Breeze is Guangxi S95 level breeze;Dry discharge fly ash is Guangxi electricity Factory's ‖ level ash;Water is domestic water;Rubble be content of magnesia be the high magnesium barren rock of 3.5~12.6%, particle diameter is 5-31.5mm, Continuous grading;Sand is the high magnesium barren rock Machine-made Sand of modulus of fineness 2.8;Additive is that Guangdong Redwall New Materials Co., Ltd. produces Low dense type water reducer, its water-reducing rate is 21.2%.
Table 4. high magnesium waste stone dust base composite blend application result in C30 concrete
Table 5. high magnesium waste stone dust base composite blend application result in C50 concrete
Find out from table 4 and table 5 result, compared with comparative example, use high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material 50~ 100% replacement flyash, breeze, after every side concrete reduction about 10~20kg cement, concrete water amount reduces, and additive is used Amount is the fewest;The mobility of concrete increases, and slump-loss is less;Early strength is higher, and stable long-term strength develops, and Concrete has no cracking, fully meets concrete production requirement.
Comparative example 3~5
In order to preferably highlight the present invention and prior art (with high magnesium barren rock making cement mixing material, with high magnesium barren rock water distribution Mud raw material calcining cement) compare had positive effect, comparative example 3-5 is now set, and compares with embodiment 1.
Wherein in comparative example 3, by high magnesium barren rock, clay and iron mine according to dispensing value KH=0.9, SM=2.5, AM= 1.6 join raw material, use wet-discharged coal ash (10%) and manganese slag (5%) to make mixing material, make cement A (simulation cement burning mistake Journey), the high magnesium barren rock that other comparative examples (comparative example 4-5) are used is the high magnesium barren rock of embodiment 1.
Cement sample A and other samples are put into ball mill grinding to corresponding specific surface area according to table 6 ratio, wherein comparative example 4-5 grinding is to the specific surface area (350~400m suitable with cement2/ kg), the compounded mineral admixture tested accordingly.
Table 6 comparative example compounded mineral admixture coordinates when fineness
After testing, cement-like A stability is bad, the test of other comparative examples 4 and 5 and the results are shown in Table 7, table 8.
Table 7. comparative example concrete test match ratio
Table 8 comparative example result of the test
In table 7,8, result of the test shows, comparative example 3 cement stability is bad, illustrates when high magnesium barren rock is used as cement slurry Time, owing to magnesium is activated, when in limestone, content of MgO is more than 3.5%, content overproof, cement stability can be caused bad;And from Comparative example 4 and 5 is found out, when high magnesium barren rock is used as cement mixture, owing to grinding specific surface area is the lowest, gives up with height magnesium of the present invention Stone mineral admixture is compared, and its concrete goes out machine poor fluidity, and slump-loss is big, and intensity is low.
The reason producing the effect above is:
(1) high magnesium waste stone dust is milled down to a certain degree (specific surface area 601~900m2/ kg) after, granule is relatively thin, can fill The hole of Binder Materials in concrete, makes concrete finer and close, and levigate limestone powder type is relatively round, plays " ball " Effect, make concrete mixture mobility increase;Meanwhile, when high magnesium waste stone dust admixture grinding specific surface area is relatively low, it is impossible to reach To the purpose of diminishing, and concrete strength is the highest.
(2) the high magnesium barren rock through high-temperature calcination changes to periclase isoreactivity magnesium due to magnesium, and concrete can be caused to occur Alkali carbonic acid reacts, and causes concrete cracking;
(3) high magnesium waste stone dust is little to the adsorption of additive, and granule is relatively thin in addition, and the moisture of glue material void is squeezed Going out, cause concrete water requirement relatively low, additive usage also can reduce, and the slump-loss of concrete is less;
(4) after high magnesium waste stone dust, wet-discharged coal ash and manganese slag, a small amount of slag, a small amount of grog grinding together or separate compiling It is mixed into admixture, aquation synergism occurs jointly, and limestone has the hydration effect that can increase early age strength of concrete, Water consumption reduces, and water-binder ratio reduces, so, concrete strength increases;
(5) in this high magnesium barren rock, magnesium is without calcining, and shale dolomite content is relatively low, and magnesium belongs to inactive material mostly, and During strict control volume, i.e. it is used in concrete batching, does not results in the reaction of alkali carbonic acid and cause the destruction of concrete cracking.
To sum up, illustrate that the present invention plays good effect compared with prior art, and the raw material of concrete can be greatly lowered Cost, can consume substantial amounts of high magnesium barren rock simultaneously, and concrete can reach better performance.
Above-described embodiment is the present invention preferably embodiment, but embodiments of the present invention are not by above-described embodiment Limit, the change made under other any spirit without departing from the present invention and principle, modify, substitute, combine, simplify, All should be the substitute mode of equivalence, within being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the preparation method of one kind high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) it is less than 1.0% by high magnesium barren rock, wet-discharged coal ash, manganese slag, slag drying to moisture content;
(2) by the high magnesium barren rock 70 dried~85 parts, wet-discharged coal ash 10~20 parts, manganese slag 0~10 parts, slag 0~10 parts and 0 ~10 parts of grog mixing, the specific surface area being then crushed to material is 601~900m2/ kg, obtains high magnesium waste stone dust base grandidierite Polymer blends material;Or it is 601~900m by the raw material separate compiling of above-mentioned number to specific surface area2/ kg, remixes, and obtains height Magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material;Described number is weight portion;
Described high magnesium barren rock be content of MgO be the limestone of 3.5~12.6%.
The preparation method of high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described Wet-discharged coal ash is more than III grade flyash, water requirement≤115%, loss on ignition≤15%, and 45 μm square hole screens tail over≤45%.
3. one kind high magnesium waste stone dust based composite mineral blending material, it is characterised in that: it is by the method system described in claim 1 or 2 For obtaining.
4. the application in moderate strength concrete of the complex mineral blending material described in claim 3.
The complex mineral blending material the most according to claim 4 application in moderate strength concrete, it is characterised in that: institute The moderate strength concrete stated refers to the concrete of strength grade C30~C50.
6. a strength grade is the concrete of C30, it is characterised in that: containing the complex mineral blending material described in claim 3, Every cubic meter of concrete proportioning raw materials is as follows:
7. a strength grade is the concrete of C50, it is characterised in that: containing the complex mineral blending material described in claim 3, Every cubic meter of concrete proportioning raw materials is as follows:
8. according to the concrete described in claim 6 or 7, it is characterised in that: described sand refers to high magnesium barren rock Machine-made Sand, common More than one in Machine-made Sand made of stones or natural sand;
Described high magnesium barren rock Machine-made Sand be content of MgO be the limestone Machine-made Sand of 3.5~12.6%.
CN201510273672.4A 2015-05-26 2015-05-26 High-magnesium waste stone dust-based composite mineral admixture, and applications thereof in medium-strength concrete Active CN104909592B (en)

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CN107540253B (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-08-07 华润水泥(富川)有限公司 A kind of Tungsten tailing common portland cement and preparation method thereof
CN107417214B (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-08-31 华润水泥(富川)有限公司 A kind of Tungsten tailing blending concrete and preparation method thereof
CN108002770A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-05-08 重庆富皇建筑工业化制品有限公司 A kind of concrete containing ball mill sand and agstone
CN111233364B (en) * 2020-03-06 2021-12-14 广州市圣丰混凝土有限公司 Composite mineral admixture, preparation method thereof and artificial sand concrete material containing composite mineral admixture

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CN101786821B (en) * 2009-12-31 2012-02-22 重庆市建筑科学研究院 Wet fly ash gelled material and preparation method thereof
CN102180612B (en) * 2011-01-20 2013-03-06 葫芦岛市辽西混凝土外加剂有限公司 Composite admixture for cement or high-performance concrete and preparation method thereof
CN102503199B (en) * 2011-11-08 2013-06-05 海南蓝岛环保产业股份有限公司 Compound coal ash for concrete
JP2014047121A (en) * 2012-09-03 2014-03-17 Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co Ltd Coal ash granulated body and granulated body mixture
CN103613303B (en) * 2013-11-21 2015-07-15 中建商品混凝土有限公司 Modified limestone powder high-performance mineral admixture and preparation method thereof

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