CN104890788A - Folding electric tricycle with foldable seat - Google Patents

Folding electric tricycle with foldable seat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104890788A
CN104890788A CN201510240530.8A CN201510240530A CN104890788A CN 104890788 A CN104890788 A CN 104890788A CN 201510240530 A CN201510240530 A CN 201510240530A CN 104890788 A CN104890788 A CN 104890788A
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China
Prior art keywords
guide groove
section
rod
folding
vertical rod
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Granted
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CN201510240530.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104890788B (en
Inventor
严扬
刘志国
张雷
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CHANGZHOU 6090 INDUSTRY DESIGN Co Ltd
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CHANGZHOU 6090 INDUSTRY DESIGN Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510240530.8A priority Critical patent/CN104890788B/en
Publication of CN104890788A publication Critical patent/CN104890788A/en
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Publication of CN104890788B publication Critical patent/CN104890788B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a folding electric tricycle with a foldable seat. The folding electric tricycle is characterized by comprising a tricycle frame, a left front wheel, a right front wheel, a front axle, a wheel hub motor back wheel, a folding seat assembly, pedals, a battery assembly, a tricycle lamp assembly, a braking device, a control device, a display device and a storage box, wherein the tricycle frame comprises a handlebar, a front steering column, a front steering pipe, a back fork and a connecting assembly; the connecting assembly comprises a hinging plate, a front connecting rod, a back connecting rod, an upright rod, a regulating slide block and a positioning pin; the upper part of the front steering pipe is fixedly connected with the upper part of the back fork through the hinging plate in a hinging way; the upright rod is fixed on the front side of the upper part of the back fork through the upper part of the upright rod in a hinging way; the regulating slide block is glidingly arranged on the upright rod and can be locked; the front end of the front connecting rod is fixedly connected onto the back side of the lower part of the front steering pipe in a hinging way, and the back end of the front connecting rod is fixedly connected onto the regulating slide block in a hinging way; and the back end of the back connecting rod is fixedly connected onto the front side of the lower part of the back fork in a hinging way, and the front end of the back connecting rod is fixedly connected onto the regulating slide block a hinging way.

Description

The folding folding electric-tricycle of seat
The application is application number: 201310205751.2, and invention and created name is " Foldable electric three-wheel vehicle ", and the applying date is: the divisional application of the application for a patent for invention of on 05 28th, 2013.
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of vehicles, be specifically related to the folding folding electric-tricycle of a kind of seat.
Background technology
Along with improving constantly of people's quality of life, also more and more urgent for the energy-saving and environmental protection of the vehicle, light, variety, complementarity and aesthetic property demand.Electric power is as a kind of environmental protection; clean; the important energy that conversion ratio is high; being widely used in and producing and life, is the update that should be used for driving the vehicle with electric power, promotes the low carbonization development of traffic transport industry; reduce transportation cost; economize energy, protection of the environment is one of important topic of countries in the world research.Battery-driven car, as green sunrise industry, develops existing ten years at me.In Electrical Bicycle, in the end of the year 2010, Chinese Electrical Bicycle has reached 1.2 hundred million, and with annual 30% speed increment.From energy consumption angle, Electrical Bicycle only has 1/8th of motor bike, 1/12nd of small passenger car.From occupying space, the space that Electrical Bicycle occupies only has 1/20th of general private car, becomes the very effective energy-conservation vehicle.From development tendency, Electrical Bicycle industry market prospect is still had an optimistic view of.Particularly, as a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective, the short-distance and medium-distance vehicle convenient, use cost is relatively low of going on a journey, Electrical Bicycle is rather well received in two, three grades of city and country areas.Along with the improvement of industrial development environment, the quickening of village road, the raising of income level of resident, the market space can expand further.Electrical Bicycle is inexpensive with it, convenient, the functionality advantage of environmental protection, receives city medium or low-income stratum favor.Now, along with surging of private car quantity, urban highway becomes crowded to capacity, and it is also more and more difficult to stop, thus using the supplementary concern that be gradually subject to city white collar of battery-driven car as private car, battery-driven car is placed on private car, section, urban traffic congestion can be avoided, car is stopped to from company relatively away from, stop local easily, and then ride Electrical Bicycle to company, i.e. economical environment-protective, turn avoid traffic congestion and causes waste of time.The usual volume of now commercially common Electrical Bicycle is all comparatively large, is not easy to carry, and battery-driven car is parked in outdoor easily loss.
Chinese patent literature CN202006854U(number of patent application 201020299927.7) disclose one " three-wheeled telescopic folding electric vehicle ", require when this battery-driven car is driven that steerman stands, manipulation difficulty, safety is poor, and steerman easily produces fatigue.Chinese patent literature CN202686635U(number of patent application 201220138384.X) disclose one " front two-wheeled folding tricycle electric bicycle ", after this structure is folding, sagittal length is still relatively long, and is not easy to carrying after folding.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of structure simple, the lightly portable and folding folding electric-tricycle of seat.
The basic technical scheme realizing the object of the invention is: the folding folding electric-tricycle of a kind of seat, and its constructional feature is: comprise vehicle frame, the near front wheel, off front wheel, propons, wheel hub motor trailing wheel, folding seat assembly, foot-operated, battery component, vehicle lamp assembly, brake gear, control setup, read out instrument and hutch.Brake gear is used for the braking to electro-tricycle, and control setup is used for regulation speed and vehicle lamp assembly.Read out instrument is for showing electro-tricycle battery dump energy, the speed of a motor vehicle and vehicle lamp assembly mode of operation.Control setup waterproof is arranged in hutch.Battery component, vehicle lamp assembly, brake gear, to be electrically connected accordingly by corresponding circuit between control setup and read out instrument.Vehicle frame comprises handlebar, front steering post, front steering pipe, back vent and coupling assembling.Handlebar is fixedly installed on front steering post top.Front steering post coaxial rotation is arranged in front steering pipe.Propons is arranged on the bottom of front steering post along left and right to rotation.The near front wheel and off front wheel rotate respectively and are arranged on the two ends, left and right of propons.Wheel hub motor rear wheel is arranged on back vent.Front end, folding seat assembly top is fixedly installed on in the middle part of back vent, and folding seat assembly lower rotational is arranged on back vent bottom.Coupling assembling comprises articulated slab, front rod, rear connecting rod, vertical rod, adjusting slider and locating dowel pin.The top of front steering pipe is fixedly connected with by articulated slab is hinged with the top of back vent.Vertical rod is fixed on on front side of the top of back vent by its upper articulation.Adjusting slider is slidably arranged in vertical rod, and is locked on the relevant position of vertical rod by locating dowel pin.On the hinged lower rearward side being fixedly connected on front steering pipe in the front end of front rod, the rear end of front rod is hinged to be fixedly connected on adjusting slider.The rear end of rear connecting rod is hinged to be fixedly connected in the lower front side of back vent, and the front end of rear connecting rod is hinged to be fixedly connected on adjusting slider.Ride and be arranged on the lower end of vertical rod.
Technical scheme based on above-mentioned basic technical scheme is: battery component is fixedly installed on front steering pipe, and from left, front steering pipe surrounds by front and right.Vehicle lamp assembly comprises car headlight, steering indicating light and stoplight stop lamp.Steering indicating light comprises front left steering indicating light, front right steering indicating light, rear left steering indicating light and rear right steering indicating light.Car headlight is fixedly installed on the forward upper of battery component, and front left steering indicating light and front right steering indicating light are symmetricly set on the left and right sides, bottom of battery component.Rear left steering indicating light and rear right steering indicating light are symmetricly set on the left and right sides of hutch.Stoplight stop lamp is fixedly installed on the rear side of hutch.
Technical scheme based on technique scheme is: front steering post comprises straight section, arc section and sleeve.The angle α of straight section and horizontal surface 65 to 80 spends.Arc section to be welded and fixed with the lower end of straight section by its upper end and to be connected.Sleeve is by its axis along front and back to setting, and the axis of sleeve and the angle β of horizontal surface 5 to 11 spend.The axis of sleeve extends the rear contact point passing through wheel hub motor trailing wheel and ground.Sleeve to be welded and fixed with the lower end of arc section by upside in the middle part of it and to be connected.Front steering post is arranged in front steering pipe by its straight section appropriate section coaxial rotation.Propons comprises V-beam, the near front wheel adapter plate, off front wheel adapter plate and bearing pin.V-beam entirety is in opening " V " shape backward, and V-beam is horizontally disposed with.On in the middle part of the rear side that bearing pin is weldingly fixed on V-beam from back to front, and bearing pin is identical with the number of degrees of angle β with the number of degrees of the angle of horizontal surface.Propons is rotatably connected in the sleeve of front steering post by its bearing pin.
Technical scheme based on technique scheme is: back vent comprises main support rod and U-shaped fork.The axis of main support rod and the angle γ of horizontal surface are 118 degree to 138 degree.U-shaped fork is in opening to " U " shape of the back lower place, and the two ends of U-shaped fork is along front and back to setting.U-shaped fork is weldingly fixed on the lower end of main support rod by the middle part of its front upper place, and the opening direction of U-shaped fork is corresponding to the axis of main support rod.Vertical rod is steel integral piece.Vertical rod comprises vertical section and U-shaped portion.Vertical section sets gradually hinge hole, the foldable locking hole run through about it from top to bottom and launches lock hole.Vertical rod is fixed on on front side of the top of the main support rod of back vent by the hinge hole on its vertical section top and corresponding hinge.U-shaped portion is in " U " shape that Open Side Down, and two terminations of U-shaped portion along left and right to setting, and termination, two, left and right are respectively equipped with the left threading mounting hole and right threading mounting hole that run through left and right, and left threading mounting hole and right threading mounting hole are coaxially arranged.The middle part of adjusting slider is provided with its upper and lower mounting hole through.Vertical rod is through mounting hole, adjusting slider and the vertical rod bearing fit of adjusting slider.The middle part of adjusting slider is also provided with through lock hole about it, and lock hole is connected with mounting hole.Locating dowel pin is arranged on the lock hole of adjusting slider and the foldable locking hole of corresponding vertical rod or launches in lock hole, thus vehicle frame is locked in folding collapsed state or deployed condition.
Technical scheme based on technique scheme is: foot-operated have 2.Ride for 2 and be divided into left threading and right threading by the difference of the right position residing for it.Left threading is fixedly installed on by its right-hand member in the left threading mounting hole of the U-shaped portion of vertical rod.Right left threading is fixedly installed on by its left end in the right threading mounting hole of the U-shaped portion of vertical rod.
Technical scheme based on technique scheme is: folding seat assembly comprises front tension bar, cushion and bracket of rear mounting.Front tension bar by the middle part of it front side be welded and fixed be arranged on back vent top on rear side of on, front tension bar is along left and right to being horizontally disposed with.Bracket of rear mounting comprises the first strut bar, articulated pipe, U-shaped frame, cushion pull bar and strengthens gusset.First strut bar is along front and back to setting, and the first strut bar is weldingly fixed on the main support rod lower rearward side of back vent by its front end.Articulated pipe is along left and right to being horizontally disposed with, and articulated pipe is weldingly fixed on the rear end of the first strut bar by front side in the middle part of it.U-shaped frame is in " U " shape that Open Side Down, and two terminations of U-shaped frame are along left and right to setting.U-shaped frame is by being rotatably connected in articulated pipe through the bearing pin of two termination and articulated pipe accordingly.Cushion pull bar is arranged on along left and right to welding between the top of U-shaped frame.Reinforcement gusset is welded and fixed along front and back to vertical and is arranged between the first strut bar and main support rod.Cushion is flexible cushion, and cushion is fixedly installed on the cushion pull bar of front tension bar and bracket of rear mounting respectively by its rear and front end, thus the folding seat formed.
Technical scheme based on technique scheme is: folding seat assembly also comprises latching device and trim board.Latching device comprises orienting lug, Elastic buckle and link span.Orienting lug is steel integral piece, and orienting lug comprises left side board, base plate and right side board.Left side board and right side board are vertically symmetricly set on the rear side left and right sides of base plate respectively.The left side board of orienting lug is provided with the left guide groove run through about left side board, and the right side board of orienting lug is provided with the right guide groove run through about right side board, and right guide groove is identical with the structure of left guide groove, and is symmetrical arranged.Left guide groove comprises the first guide section and the second guide section, the axis being parallel of the axis of the first guide section and the main support rod of back vent, the second guide section by the bottom of its top and the first guide section to being communicated with.Right guide groove comprises the 3rd guide section and the 4th guide section, the axis being parallel of the axis of the 3rd guide section and the main support rod of back vent, the 4th guide section by the bottom of its top and the 3rd guide section to being communicated with.Elastic buckle is steel integral piece, and Elastic buckle comprises main part and connecting portion.The cross sectional shape of main part is corresponding with the shape of the left guide groove of orienting lug and right guide groove.The forward upper of main part is provided with folding fixed lobe, and the lower front of main part is provided with expansion fixed lobe.Connecting portion is connected on the bottom of main part from bottom to top.Elastic buckle is welded and fixed by its connecting portion and is arranged on the floor rear bottom of orienting lug.The main body section of Elastic buckle is between the rear portion, right side and right side board left back of left side board.Folding fixed lobe, between first guide section and the 3rd guide section of right guide groove of left guide groove, launches fixed lobe between second guide section and the 4th guide section of right guide groove of left guide groove.Link span is U-shaped, and link span rotates by the two ends of its U-shaped the bottom two ends being arranged on U-shaped frame, and the two ends of link span is along left and right to setting.Link span is by the left guide groove of left side board being arranged on orienting lug in the middle part of it and the right guide groove of right side board.Trim board is integrated through injection molding part, and trim board snaps onto on the U-shaped frame of bracket of rear mounting from back to front, the appropriate section of U-shaped frame is covered from rear.
The present invention has positive effect: the folding folding electric-tricycle structure of (1) seat of the present invention is simple, convenient to operation, substantially reduces floor area, be convenient to deposit when packing up.(2) the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat of the present invention is front two-wheeled form, thus when the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat is in folded state, only need be leaned forward can drag it and advance, and is convenient to mobile.(3) when left-right rotation handlebar, handlebar drives front steering post, propons, the near front wheel and off front wheel to turn to around the axial line swing realization of front steering pipe.Meanwhile front steering post swings, during to ensure to turn to or when vehicle body swings the near front wheel and off front wheel all the time with earth surface, safe and reliable.(4) seat of the present invention folding folding electric-tricycle folding seat unit construction is simple, adopts the structure of similar campstool, further reduces the volume of vehicle, convenient operation after packing up, and have corresponding latching device, safe and reliable.(5) cushion of seat of the present invention folding folding electric-tricycle folding seat assembly adopts flexible cushion, has certain shock-absorbing function, is convenient to pack up simultaneously.(6) propons of the present invention is rotated by its bearing pin and is arranged in the sleeve of front steering post, the contact point of wheel hub motor trailing wheel and ground (horizontal surface) is passed through after its pivot center (being also the axis of sleeve) extends, thus front-wheel part (comprising left and right front-wheel and propons) do not affect body gesture when can be made to turn in left and right, at any time (when keeping straight on or turn) vehicle body first half all can freely swing left and right, this center making rider can freely control when vehicle is ridden, has the sensation of riding bicycle.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat of the present invention, and wherein brake gear, control setup and read out instrument all adopt the technological means of conventional Electrical Bicycle therefore not shown in FIG.;
Schematic diagram when Fig. 2 is from from the A of Fig. 1 to observation, wherein removes the near front wheel adapter plate of the V-beam of the near front wheel of electro-tricycle, propons, propons and the bearing pin of propons;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the front steering post in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the propons in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is handlebar in Fig. 2, seat-assembly, the foot-operated and structural representation of vehicle frame that is made up of front steering post, front steering pipe, back vent and coupling assembling;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged diagram of the adjusting slider of coupling assembling in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the enlarged diagram of the vertical rod of coupling assembling in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the schematic perspective view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 9 is the enlarged diagram of the back vent in Fig. 8 and the folding seat assembly after removing cushion, trim board;
Figure 10 is schematic diagram when the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat of the present invention shown in Fig. 1 folds, and wherein also eliminates the near front wheel;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the orienting lug of latching device;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the Elastic buckle of latching device;
Figure 13 is the schematic diagram that seat of the present invention folding folding electric-tricycle is in when towing state when folding.
Mark in above-mentioned accompanying drawing is as follows:
Handlebar 1, front steering post 2, straight section 2-1, arc section 2-2, sleeve 2-3, front steering pipe 3, the near front wheel 4, off front wheel 5,
Propons 6, V-beam 6-1, the near front wheel adapter plate 6-2, off front wheel adapter plate 6-3, bearing pin 6-4,
Back vent 7, main support rod 7-1, U-shaped fork 7-2, wheel hub motor trailing wheel 8,
Folding seat assembly 9, front tension bar 9-1, cushion 9-2, bracket of rear mounting 9-3, first strut bar 9-3-1, articulated pipe 9-3-2, U-shaped frame 9-3-3, cushion pull bar 9-3-4, strengthen gusset 9-3-5, latching device 9-4, orienting lug 9-4-1, left side board 9-4-1a, base plate 9-4-1b, right side board 9-4-1c, left guide groove 9-4-1d, first guide section 9-4-1d-1, second guide section 9-4-1d-2, right guide groove 9-4-1e, 3rd guide section 9-4-1e-1, 4th guide section 9-4-1e-2, Elastic buckle 9-4-2, main part 9-4-2a, connecting portion 9-4-2b, folding fixed lobe 9-4-2c, launch fixed lobe 9-4-2d, link span 9-4-3, trim board 9-5,
Foot-operated 10, left threading 10-1, right threading 10-2, battery component 11,
Coupling assembling 12, articulated slab 12-1, front rod 12-2, rear connecting rod 12-3, vertical rod 12-4, vertical section 12-4-1, hinge hole 12-4-1a, foldable locking hole 12-4-1b, launch lock hole 12-4-1c, U-shaped portion 12-4-2, left threading mounting hole 12-4-2a, right threading mounting hole 12-4-2b, adjusting slider 12-5, mounting hole 12-5-1, lock hole 12-5-2, locating dowel pin 12-6
Vehicle lamp assembly 13, car headlight 13-1, front left steering indicating light 13-2, rear left steering indicating light 13-3, hutch.
Detailed description of the invention
The description in orientation of the present invention is described according to state when people drive traditionally, and left-hand side when also namely people drive is left, and right-hand side is right, people towards a side be front, the direction of back is rear.
(embodiment 1)
See Fig. 1, the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat of the present invention comprises vehicle frame, the near front wheel 4, off front wheel 5, propons 6, wheel hub motor trailing wheel 8, folding seat assembly 9, foot-operated 10, battery component 11, vehicle lamp assembly 13, brake gear, control setup, read out instrument, loudspeaker and hutch.
See Fig. 5, vehicle frame comprises handlebar 1, front steering post 2, front steering pipe 3, back vent 7 and coupling assembling 12.
See Fig. 2 to Fig. 5, handlebar 1 is fixedly installed on the top of front steering post 2 by corresponding connecting panel or connection pipe (the present embodiment is connecting panel) by rear side in the middle part of it, and along left and right to setting.Front steering post 2 comprises straight section 2-1, arc section 2-2 and sleeve 2-3.The angle α of straight section 2-1 and horizontal surface 65 to 80 spends (the present embodiment is 65 degree).Arc section 2-2 to be welded and fixed with the lower end of straight section 2-1 by its upper end and to be connected.Sleeve 2-3 is by its axis along front and back to setting, and the axis of sleeve 2-3 and the angle β of horizontal surface 5 to 11 spend (the present embodiment is 7 degree).The axis of sleeve 2-3 extends rear by the contact point of wheel hub motor trailing wheel 8 with ground (horizontal surface).Sleeve 2-3 to be welded and fixed with the lower end of arc section 2-2 by upside in the middle part of it and to be connected.Front steering post 2 is arranged in front steering pipe 3 by its straight section 2-1 appropriate section coaxial rotation.Propons 6 comprises V-beam 6-1, the near front wheel adapter plate 6-2, off front wheel adapter plate 6-3 and bearing pin 6-4.V-beam 6-1 entirety is in opening " V " shape backward, and V-beam 6-1 is horizontally disposed with.On in the middle part of the rear side that bearing pin 6-4 is weldingly fixed on V-beam 6-1 from back to front, and bearing pin 6-4 is identical with the number of degrees of angle β with the number of degrees of the angle of horizontal surface.The near front wheel adapter plate 6-2 and off front wheel adapter plate 6-3 is symmetricly set on the left and right sides of V-beam 6-1.The near front wheel adapter plate 6-2 is weldingly fixed on the left end of V-beam 6-1 by its right front, and along front and back to vertical setting; Off front wheel adapter plate 6-3 is weldingly fixed on the right-hand member of V-beam 6-1 by anterior on the left of it, and along front and back to vertical setting.The near front wheel 4 is rotatably connected on the near front wheel adapter plate 6-2, and off front wheel 5 is rotatably connected on off front wheel adapter plate 6-3.Propons 6 is rotatably connected in the sleeve 2-3 of front steering post 2 by its bearing pin 6-4.
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 9, back vent 7 comprises main support rod 7-1 and U-shaped fork 7-2.The axis of main support rod 7-1 and the angle γ of horizontal surface are 118 degree to 138 degree (the present embodiment is 128 degree).U-shaped fork 7-2 is opening " U " shape to the back lower place, and the two ends of U-shaped fork 7-2 is along front and back to setting.U-shaped fork 7-2 is by being weldingly fixed on the lower end of main support rod 7-1 in the middle part of its front upper place, and the opening direction of U-shaped fork 7-2 is corresponding to the axis of main support rod 7-1.
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, wheel hub motor trailing wheel 8 rotates between the two ends of the U-shaped fork 7-2 being arranged on back vent 7.
See Fig. 5 to Fig. 7, coupling assembling 12 comprises articulated slab 12-1, front rod 12-2, rear connecting rod 12-3, vertical rod 12-4, adjusting slider 12-5 and locating dowel pin 12-6.Articulated slab 12-1 be welded and fixed by its front portion be arranged on front steering pipe 3 top on rear side of on.Articulated slab 12-1 is along front and back to vertical setting.Articulated slab 12-1 is rotatably connected on the upper end of main support rod 7-1 of back vent 7 by its rear end, thus forms corresponding articulated structure.Vertical rod 12-4 is steel integral piece.Vertical rod 12-4 comprises vertical section 12-4-1 and U-shaped portion 12-4-2.Vertical section 12-4-1 sets gradually the hinge hole 12-4-1a, the foldable locking hole 12-4-1b that run through about it from top to bottom and launches lock hole 12-4-1c.Vertical rod 12-4 is fixed on on front side of the top of the main support rod 7-1 of back vent 7 by the hinge hole 12-4-1a on its vertical section 12-4-1 top and corresponding hinge.U-shaped portion 12-4-2 is in " U " shape that Open Side Down, two terminations of U-shaped portion 12-4-2 are along left and right to setting, and termination, two, left and right is respectively equipped with the left threading mounting hole 12-4-2a that runs through left and right and right threading mounting hole 12-4-2b, left threading mounting hole 12-4-2a and right threading mounting hole 12-4-2b are coaxially arranged.Front rod 12-2 is fixedly connected with by the lower hinge of its front end with front steering pipe 3; Front rod 12-2 is fixedly connected with the front portion of adjusting slider 12-5 is hinged by its rear end; Rear connecting rod 12-3 is fixedly connected with by the lower hinge of rear end with the main support rod 7-1 of back vent 7; Rear connecting rod 12-3 is fixedly connected with the rear portion of adjusting slider 12-5 is hinged by its front end.The middle part of adjusting slider 12-5 is provided with its upper and lower mounting hole 12-5-1 through.Vertical rod 12-4 is through mounting hole 12-5-1, adjusting slider 12-5 and the vertical rod 12-4 bearing fit of adjusting slider 12-5.The middle part of adjusting slider 12-5 is also provided with through lock hole 12-5-2 about it, and lock hole 12-5-2 is connected with mounting hole 12-5-1.Locating dowel pin 12-6 is arranged on the lock hole 12-5-2 of adjusting slider 12-5 and the foldable locking hole 12-4-1b of corresponding vertical rod 12-4 or launches in lock hole 12-4-1c, thus vehicle frame is locked in folding collapsed state or deployed condition.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, foot-operated 10 have 2, and 2 foot-operated 10 are divided into left threading 10-1 and right threading 10-2 by the difference of the right position residing for it.Left threading 10-1 is fixedly installed in the left threading mounting hole 12-4-2a of the U-shaped portion 12-4-2 of vertical rod 12-4 by its right-hand member; Right left threading 10-2 is fixedly installed on by its left end in the right threading mounting hole 12-4-2b of the U-shaped portion 12-4-2 of vertical rod 12-4.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 5, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, folding seat assembly 9 comprises front tension bar 9-1, cushion 9-2, bracket of rear mounting 9-3, latching device 9-4 and trim board 9-5.Front tension bar 9-1 by the middle part of it front side be welded and fixed be arranged on back vent 7 top on rear side of on, front tension bar 9-1 is along left and right to being horizontally disposed with.Bracket of rear mounting 9-3 comprises the first strut bar 9-3-1, articulated pipe 9-3-2, U-shaped frame 9-3-3, cushion pull bar 9-3-4 and strengthens gusset 9-3-5.First strut bar 9-3-1 is along front and back to setting, and the first strut bar 9-3-1 is weldingly fixed on the main support rod 7-1 lower rearward side of back vent 7 by its front end.Articulated pipe 9-3-2 is along left and right to being horizontally disposed with, and articulated pipe 9-3-2 is weldingly fixed on the rear end of the first strut bar 9-3-1 by front side in the middle part of it.U-shaped frame 9-3-3 is in " U " shape that Open Side Down, and two terminations of U-shaped frame 9-3-3 are along left and right to setting.U-shaped frame 9-3-3 is by being rotatably connected on articulated pipe 9-3-2 through the bearing pin of two termination and articulated pipe 9-3-2 accordingly.Cushion pull bar 9-3-4 is arranged on along left and right to welding between the top of U-shaped frame 9-3-3.Reinforcement gusset 9-3-5 is welded and fixed along front and back to vertical and is arranged between the first strut bar 9-3-1 and main support rod 7-1.Trim board 9-5 is integrated through injection molding part, and trim board 9-5 snaps onto on the U-shaped frame 9-3-3 of bracket of rear mounting 9-3 from back to front, the appropriate section of U-shaped frame 9-3-3 is covered from rear.Cushion 9-2 is flexible cushion, and cushion 9-2 is fixedly installed on the cushion pull bar 9-3-4 of front tension bar 9-1 and bracket of rear mounting 9-3 respectively by its rear and front end, thus the folding seat formed.
See Figure 11, latching device 9-4 comprises orienting lug 9-4-1, Elastic buckle 9-4-2 and link span 9-4-3.Orienting lug 9-4-1 is steel integral piece, and orienting lug 9-4-1 comprises left side board 9-4-1a, base plate 9-4-1b and right side board 9-4-1c.Left side board 9-4-1a and right side board 9-4-1c is vertically symmetricly set on the rear side left and right sides of base plate 9-4-1b respectively.The left side board 9-4-1a of orienting lug 9-4-1 is provided with the left guide groove 9-4-1d running through left side board about 9-4-1a, the right side board 9-4-1c of orienting lug 9-4-1 is provided with the right guide groove 9-4-1e running through right side board about 9-4-1c, right guide groove 9-4-1e is identical with the structure of left guide groove 9-4-1d, and is symmetrical arranged.Left guide groove 9-4-1d comprises the first guide section 9-4-1d-1 and the second guide section 9-4-1d-2, the axis being parallel of the axis of the first guide section 9-4-1d-1 and the main support rod 7-1 of back vent 7, the second guide section 9-4-1d-2 by the bottom of its top and the first guide section 9-4-1d-1 to being communicated with.Right guide groove 9-4-1e comprises the 3rd guide section 9-4-1e-1 and the 4th guide section 9-4-1e-2, the axis being parallel of the axis of the 3rd guide section 9-4-1e-1 and the main support rod 7-1 of back vent 7, the 4th guide section 9-4-1e-2 by the bottom of its top and the 3rd guide section 9-4-1e-1 to being communicated with.
See Fig. 2 and Figure 12, Elastic buckle 9-4-2 is steel integral piece, and Elastic buckle 9-4-2 comprises main part 9-4-2a and connecting portion 9-4-2b.The cross sectional shape of main part 9-4-2a is corresponding with the shape of the left guide groove 9-4-1d of orienting lug 9-4-1 and right guide groove 9-4-1e.The forward upper of main part 9-4-2a is provided with folding fixed lobe 9-4-2c, and the lower front of main part 9-4-2a is provided with and launches fixed lobe 9-4-2d.Connecting portion 9-4-2b is connected on the bottom of main part 9-4-2a from bottom to top.Elastic buckle 9-4-2 is welded and fixed by its connecting portion 9-4-2b and is arranged on the base plate 9-4-1b back lower of orienting lug 9-4-1.The main part 9-4-2a of Elastic buckle 9-4-2 is between the rear portion, right side of left side board 9-4-1a and right side board 9-4-1c left back.Folding fixed lobe 9-4-2c, between the first guide section 9-4-1d-1 and the 3rd guide section 9-4-1e-1 of right guide groove 9-4-1e of left guide groove 9-4-1d, launches fixed lobe 9-4-2d between the second guide section 9-4-1d-2 and the 4th guide section 9-4-1e-2 of right guide groove 9-4-1e of left guide groove 9-4-1d.
See Fig. 9 and Figure 10, link span 9-4-3 is U-shaped, and link span 9-4-3 rotates by the two ends of its U-shaped the bottom two ends being arranged on U-shaped frame 9-3-3, and the two ends of link span 9-4-3 is along left and right to setting.Link span 9-4-3 is by the left guide groove 9-4-1d of left side board 9-4-1a being arranged on orienting lug 9-4-1 in the middle part of it and the right guide groove 9-4-1e of right side board 9-4-1c.
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, hutch is fixedly installed on the bottom of main support rod 7-1 of back vent 7, and by the first strut bar 9-3-1, the articulated pipe 9-3-2 of folding seat assembly 9 and the appropriate section of U-shaped frame 9-3-3 coated.
Battery component 11, vehicle lamp assembly 13, brake gear, control setup, read out instrument and loudspeaker.All adopt the technological means that Electrical Bicycle is conventional.Loudspeaker are dynamic loud-speaker.Brake gear is used for the braking to electro-tricycle, and control setup is used for regulation speed, vehicle lamp assembly 13 and loudspeaker.Read out instrument is for showing electro-tricycle battery dump energy, the speed of a motor vehicle and vehicle lamp assembly 13 mode of operation.Control setup waterproof is arranged in hutch.Battery component 11, vehicle lamp assembly 13, brake gear, control setup, to be electrically connected accordingly by corresponding circuit between read out instrument and loudspeaker.
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, battery component 11 is fixedly installed on front steering pipe 3, and from left, front steering pipe 3 surrounds by front and right.Vehicle lamp assembly 13 comprises car headlight 13-1, steering indicating light and stoplight stop lamp.Steering indicating light comprises front left steering indicating light 13-2, front right steering indicating light, rear left steering indicating light 13-3 and rear right steering indicating light.Car headlight 13-1 is fixedly installed on the forward upper of battery component 11, and front left steering indicating light 13-2 and front right steering indicating light are symmetricly set on the left and right sides, bottom of battery component 11.Rear left steering indicating light 13-3 and rear right steering indicating light are symmetricly set on the left and right sides of hutch.Stoplight stop lamp is fixedly installed on the rear side of hutch.
See Fig. 1, when the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat of the present invention is in wheeled state, now the adjusting slider 12-5 of coupling assembling 12 is placed on the corresponding position of the expansion lock hole 12-4-1c of vertical rod 12-4, and by locating dowel pin 12-6, adjusting slider 12-5 is fixed on the expansion lock hole 12-4-1c place of vertical rod 12-4, thus the front rod 12-2 of front steering post 2, back vent 7 and coupling assembling 12 and rear connecting rod 12-3 basically forms " A " character form structure, form a firm triangle.The bracket of rear mounting 9-3 of folding seat assembly 9 is in the open mode of turning over, cushion 9-2 launches to can be used for people to take, the 4th guide section 9-4-1e-2 of the second guide section 9-4-1d-2 of the left guide groove 9-4-1d of the left side board 9-4-1a of orienting lug 9-4-1 and the right guide groove 9-4-1e of right side board 9-4-1c is arranged in the middle part of the front side of simultaneously link span 9-4-3, and spacing to it up by the expansion fixed lobe 9-4-2d of Elastic buckle 9-4-2, make bracket of rear mounting 9-3 be in the open mode of turning over all the time.Now, people can equally drive the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat of the present invention to driving common electric bicycle.
Seeing Figure 10 and Figure 13, when not needing to use the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat of the present invention, can pack up folding for this battery-driven car.Now locating dowel pin 12-6 is taken out from adjusting slider 12-5 and vertical rod 12-4, adjusting slider 12-5 is upwards carried again along vertical rod 12-4, adjusting slider 12-5 is placed on the corresponding position of the foldable locking hole 12-4-1b of vertical rod 12-4, now by locating dowel pin 12-6, adjusting slider 12-5 is fixed on the 12-4-1b place, foldable locking hole of vertical rod 12-4 again; The bottom of the bottom of front steering pipe 3 and back vent 7, when along vertical rod 12-4 upward movement, is drawn in vertical rod 12-4 by front rod 12-2 and rear connecting rod 12-3 by adjusting slider 12-5.The front portion of wheel hub motor trailing wheel 8 is arranged in the U-shaped portion 12-4-2 of vertical rod 12-4, thus is folded up by folding for seat folding electric-tricycle, substantially reduces floor area.Then the top of the Elastic buckle 9-4-2 of the latching device 9-4 of folding seat assembly 9 is lifted rearwardly and upwardly, time Elastic buckle 9-4-2 expansion fixed lobe 9-4-2d do not carry out spacing to the corresponding site of link span 9-4-3 up, thus along the top of the 3rd guide section 9-4-1e-3 of the right guide groove 9-4-1e of the first guide section 9-4-1d-1 of the left guide groove 9-4-1d of the left side board 9-4-1a of orienting lug 9-4-1 and right side board 9-4-1c in the middle part of the front side moving to link span 9-4-3 in the middle part of the front side of link span 9-4-3 along the 4th guide section 9-4-1e-2 of the right guide groove 9-4-1e of the second guide section 9-4-1d-2 of the left guide groove 9-4-1d of the left side board 9-4-1a of orienting lug 9-4-1 and right side board 9-4-1c, and then make the bracket of rear mounting 9-3 of folding seat assembly 9 be in collapsed state forward, cushion 9-2 is in rounding state, thus folding seat assembly 9 is folded up, further reduce floor area.When needs mobile electric three-wheel vehicle, only vehicle need be turned forward (see Figure 13), namely pull vehicle to advance by handle 1.Need to be launched again when using.
Above embodiment is used for illustrative purposes only; but not limitation of the present invention; person skilled in the relevant technique without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; various conversion and change can also be made; can also transform accordingly according to the inspiration of above-described embodiment in embody rule process, therefore all equivalent technical schemes all should be included within scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the folding folding electric-tricycle of seat, is characterized in that: comprise vehicle frame, the near front wheel (4), off front wheel (5), propons (6), wheel hub motor trailing wheel (8), folding seat assembly (9), foot-operated (10), battery component (11), vehicle lamp assembly (13), brake gear, control setup, read out instrument and hutch; Brake gear is used for the braking to electro-tricycle, and control setup is used for regulation speed and vehicle lamp assembly (13); Read out instrument is for showing electro-tricycle battery dump energy, the speed of a motor vehicle and vehicle lamp assembly (13) mode of operation; Control setup waterproof is arranged in hutch; Battery component (11), vehicle lamp assembly (13), brake gear, to be electrically connected accordingly by corresponding circuit between control setup and read out instrument; Vehicle frame comprises handlebar (1), front steering post (2), front steering pipe (3), back vent (7) and coupling assembling (12); Handlebar (1) is fixedly installed on front steering post (2) top; Front steering post (2) coaxial rotation is arranged in front steering pipe (3); Propons (6) is arranged on along left and right to rotation on the bottom of front steering post (2); The near front wheel (4) and off front wheel (5) rotate respectively be arranged on propons (6) two ends, left and right on; Wheel hub motor trailing wheel (8) rotates and is arranged on back vent (7); Folding seat assembly (9) front end, top is fixedly installed on back vent (7) middle part, and folding seat assembly (9) lower rotational is arranged on back vent (7) bottom; Coupling assembling (12) comprises articulated slab (12-1), front rod (12-2), rear connecting rod (12-3), vertical rod (12-4), adjusting slider (12-5) and locating dowel pin (12-6); The top of front steering pipe (3) is fixedly connected with by articulated slab (12-1) is hinged with the top of back vent (7); On on front side of vertical rod (12-4) is fixed on back vent (7) top by its upper articulation; Adjusting slider (12-5) is slidably arranged in vertical rod (12-4), and is locked on the relevant position of vertical rod (12-4) by locating dowel pin (12-6); On the hinged lower rearward side being fixedly connected on front steering pipe (3) in front end of front rod (12-2), the rear end of front rod (12-2) is hinged to be fixedly connected on adjusting slider (12-5); In the hinged lower front side being fixedly connected on back vent (7) in rear end of rear connecting rod (12-3), the front end of rear connecting rod (12-3) is hinged to be fixedly connected on adjusting slider (12-5); Foot-operated (10) are arranged on the lower end of vertical rod (12-4); Battery component (11) is fixedly installed on front steering pipe (3), and from left, front steering pipe (3) surrounds by front and right; Vehicle lamp assembly (13) comprises car headlight (13-1), steering indicating light and stoplight stop lamp; Steering indicating light comprises front left steering indicating light (13-2), front right steering indicating light, rear left steering indicating light (13-3) and rear right steering indicating light; Car headlight (13-1) is fixedly installed on the forward upper of battery component (11), and front left steering indicating light (13-2) and front right steering indicating light are symmetricly set on the left and right sides, bottom of battery component (11); Rear left steering indicating light (13-3) and rear right steering indicating light are symmetricly set on the left and right sides of hutch; Stoplight stop lamp is fixedly installed on the rear side of hutch; Front steering post (2) comprises straight section (2-1), arc section (2-2) and sleeve (2-3); The angle α of straight section (2-1) and horizontal surface 65 to 80 spends; Arc section (2-2) to be welded and fixed with the lower end of straight section (2-1) by its upper end and to be connected; Sleeve (2-3) is by its axis along front and back to setting, and the axis of sleeve (2-3) and the angle β of horizontal surface 5 to 11 spend; The axis of sleeve (2-3) extends rear by the contact point of wheel hub motor trailing wheel (8) with ground; Sleeve (2-3) to be welded and fixed with the lower end of arc section (2-2) by upside in the middle part of it and to be connected; Front steering post (2) is arranged in front steering pipe (3) by its straight section (2-1) appropriate section coaxial rotation; Propons (6) comprises V-beam (6-1), the near front wheel adapter plate (6-2), off front wheel adapter plate (6-3) and bearing pin (6-4); V-beam (6-1) entirety is in opening " V " shape backward, and V-beam (6-1) is horizontally disposed with; On in the middle part of the rear side that bearing pin (6-4) is weldingly fixed on V-beam (6-1) from back to front, and bearing pin (6-4) is identical with the number of degrees of angle β with the number of degrees of the angle of horizontal surface; Propons (6) is rotatably connected in the sleeve (2-3) of front steering post (2) by its bearing pin (6-4); Back vent (7) comprises main support rod (7-1) and U-shaped fork (7-2); The axis of main support rod (7-1) and the angle γ of horizontal surface are 118 degree to 138 degree; U-shaped fork (7-2) is in opening to " U " shape of the back lower place, and the two ends of U-shaped fork (7-2) is along front and back to setting; U-shaped fork (7-2) is by being weldingly fixed on the lower end of main support rod (7-1) in the middle part of its front upper place, and the opening direction of U-shaped fork (7-2) is corresponding to the axis of main support rod (7-1); Vertical rod (12-4) is steel integral piece; Vertical rod (12-4) comprises vertical section (12-4-1) and U-shaped portion (12-4-2); Vertical section (12-4-1) sets gradually from top to bottom and runs through hinge hole (12-4-1a) about it, foldable locking hole (12-4-1b) and launch lock hole (12-4-1c); Vertical rod (12-4) is fixed on on front side of the top of the main support rod (7-1) of back vent (7) by the hinge hole (12-4-1a) on its vertical section (12-4-1) top and corresponding hinge; U-shaped portion (12-4-2) is in " U " shape that Open Side Down, two terminations of U-shaped portion (12-4-2) are along left and right to setting, and termination, two, left and right being respectively equipped with the left threading mounting hole (12-4-2a) and right threading mounting hole (12-4-2b) that run through left and right, left threading mounting hole (12-4-2a) and right threading mounting hole (12-4-2b) are coaxially arranged; The middle part of adjusting slider (12-5) is provided with its upper and lower mounting hole (12-5-1) through; Vertical rod (12-4) through the mounting hole (12-5-1) of adjusting slider (12-5), adjusting slider (12-5) and vertical rod (12-4) bearing fit; The middle part of adjusting slider (12-5) is also provided with through lock hole (12-5-2) about it, and lock hole (12-5-2) is connected with mounting hole (12-5-1); Locating dowel pin (12-6) is arranged on the lock hole (12-5-2) of adjusting slider (12-5) and the foldable locking hole (12-4-1b) of corresponding vertical rod (12-4) or launches in lock hole (12-4-1c), thus vehicle frame is locked in folding collapsed state or deployed condition; Foot-operated (10) have 2; 2 foot-operated (10) are divided into left threading (10-1) and right threading (10-2) by the difference of the right position residing for it; Left threading (10-1) is fixedly installed in the left threading mounting hole (12-4-2a) of the U-shaped portion (12-4-2) of vertical rod (12-4) by its right-hand member; Right left threading (10-2) is fixedly installed in the right threading mounting hole (12-4-2b) of the U-shaped portion (12-4-2) of vertical rod (12-4) by its left end; Folding seat assembly (9) comprises front tension bar (9-1), cushion (9-2) and bracket of rear mounting (9-3); Front tension bar (9-1) by the middle part of it front side be welded and fixed be arranged on back vent (7) top on rear side of on, front tension bar (9-1) is along left and right to being horizontally disposed with; Bracket of rear mounting (9-3) comprises the first strut bar (9-3-1), articulated pipe (9-3-2), U-shaped frame (9-3-3), cushion pull bar (9-3-4) and strengthens gusset (9-3-5); First strut bar (9-3-1) is along front and back to setting, and the first strut bar (9-3-1) is weldingly fixed on main support rod (7-1) lower rearward side of back vent (7) by its front end; Articulated pipe (9-3-2) is along left and right to being horizontally disposed with, and articulated pipe (9-3-2) is weldingly fixed on the rear end of the first strut bar (9-3-1) by front side in the middle part of it; U-shaped frame (9-3-3) is in " U " shape that Open Side Down, and two terminations of U-shaped frame (9-3-3) are along left and right to setting; U-shaped frame (9-3-3) is by being rotatably connected in articulated pipe (9-3-2) through the bearing pin of two termination and articulated pipe (9-3-2) accordingly; Cushion pull bar (9-3-4) is arranged between the top of U-shaped frame (9-3-3) along left and right to welding; Reinforcement gusset (9-3-5) is welded and fixed along front and back to vertical and is arranged between the first strut bar (9-3-1) and main support rod (7-1); Cushion (9-2) is flexible cushion, and cushion (9-2) is fixedly installed on the cushion pull bar (9-3-4) of front tension bar (9-1) and bracket of rear mounting (9-3) respectively by its rear and front end, thus the folding seat formed.
2. Foldable electric three-wheel vehicle according to claim 1, is characterized in that: folding seat assembly (9) also comprises latching device (9-4) and trim board (9-5); Latching device (9-4) comprises orienting lug (9-4-1), Elastic buckle (9-4-2) and link span (9-4-3); Orienting lug (9-4-1) is steel integral piece, and orienting lug (9-4-1) comprises left side board (9-4-1a), base plate (9-4-1b) and right side board (9-4-1c); Left side board (9-4-1a) and right side board (9-4-1c) are vertically symmetricly set on the rear side left and right sides of base plate (9-4-1b) respectively; The left side board (9-4-1a) of orienting lug (9-4-1) is provided with the left guide groove (9-4-1d) running through left side board (9-4-1a) left and right, the right side board (9-4-1c) of orienting lug (9-4-1) is provided with the right guide groove (9-4-1e) running through right side board (9-4-1c) left and right, right guide groove (9-4-1e) is identical with the structure of left guide groove (9-4-1d), and is symmetrical arranged; Left guide groove (9-4-1d) comprises the first guide section (9-4-1d-1) and the second guide section (9-4-1d-2), the axis being parallel of the axis of the first guide section (9-4-1d-1) and the main support rod (7-1) of back vent (7), the second guide section (9-4-1d-2) by the bottom of its top and the first guide section (9-4-1d-1) to being communicated with; Right guide groove (9-4-1e) comprises the 3rd guide section (9-4-1e-1) and the 4th guide section (9-4-1e-2), the axis being parallel of the axis of the 3rd guide section (9-4-1e-1) and the main support rod (7-1) of back vent (7), the 4th guide section (9-4-1e-2) by the bottom of its top and the 3rd guide section (9-4-1e-1) to being communicated with; Elastic buckle (9-4-2) is steel integral piece, and Elastic buckle (9-4-2) comprises main part (9-4-2a) and connecting portion (9-4-2b); The cross sectional shape of main part (9-4-2a) is corresponding with the shape of the left guide groove (9-4-1d) of orienting lug (9-4-1) and right guide groove (9-4-1e); The forward upper of main part (9-4-2a) is provided with folding fixed lobe (9-4-2c), and the lower front of main part (9-4-2a) is provided with and launches fixed lobe (9-4-2d); Connecting portion (9-4-2b) is connected on the bottom of main part (9-4-2a) from bottom to top; Elastic buckle (9-4-2) be welded and fixed by its connecting portion (9-4-2b) be arranged on orienting lug (9-4-1) base plate (9-4-1b) back lower on; The main part (9-4-2a) of Elastic buckle (9-4-2) is positioned between the rear portion, right side of left side board (9-4-1a) and right side board (9-4-1c) left back; Folding fixed lobe (9-4-2c) is positioned between first guide section (9-4-1d-1) of left guide groove (9-4-1d) and the 3rd guide section (9-4-1e-1) of right guide groove (9-4-1e), launches fixed lobe (9-4-2d) and is positioned between second guide section (9-4-1d-2) of left guide groove (9-4-1d) and the 4th guide section (9-4-1e-2) of right guide groove (9-4-1e); Link span (9-4-3) is U-shaped, and link span (9-4-3) rotates by the two ends of its U-shaped the bottom two ends being arranged on U-shaped frame (9-3-3), and the two ends of link span (9-4-3) is along left and right to setting; Link span (9-4-3) is by the left guide groove (9-4-1d) of left side board (9-4-1a) being arranged on orienting lug (9-4-1) in the middle part of it and the right guide groove (9-4-1e) of right side board (9-4-1c); Trim board (9-5) is integrated through injection molding part, and trim board (9-5) snaps onto on the U-shaped frame (9-3-3) of bracket of rear mounting (9-3) from back to front, the appropriate section of U-shaped frame (9-3-3) is covered from rear.
CN201510240530.8A 2013-05-28 2013-05-28 Folding electric tricycle with foldable seat Expired - Fee Related CN104890788B (en)

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CN103625591B (en) * 2013-12-04 2016-04-06 唐勇 Type folding electric vehicle
NL2012245C2 (en) 2014-02-12 2015-08-17 Royalty Bugaboo Gmbh A foldable vehicle.
CN105691523A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-06-22 常州市华耀智能科技有限公司 Foldable electric bicycle
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CN104890788B (en) 2017-05-17
CN104859771A (en) 2015-08-26

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