CN104857594B - Air-pump type integrates infusion equipment - Google Patents

Air-pump type integrates infusion equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104857594B
CN104857594B CN201510328549.8A CN201510328549A CN104857594B CN 104857594 B CN104857594 B CN 104857594B CN 201510328549 A CN201510328549 A CN 201510328549A CN 104857594 B CN104857594 B CN 104857594B
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China
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infusion
valve
equipped
air
pressure
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CN201510328549.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104857594A (en
Inventor
李雪
张伟国
陈颖
朱万莉
梁泽平
杨文群
刘明利
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中国人民解放军第三军医大学第三附属医院
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Priority to CN201510328549.8A priority Critical patent/CN104857594B/en
Publication of CN104857594A publication Critical patent/CN104857594A/en
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Publication of CN104857594B publication Critical patent/CN104857594B/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of integrated infusion equipment of air-pump type, including host and Transfusion hanging stand, Transfusion hanging stand is equipped with multiple weighing sensors, weighing sensor has hook, the inlet end of the Pneumatic controller of host is connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, the outlet side of Pneumatic controller is connected with the inlet end of multiple electromagnetism on-off valves, and the outlet side of each electromagnetism on-off valve passes through internal appendix respectively and is connected with each gas-tpe fitting, constitutes multiple inflation gas circuits arranged side by side;Air pressure detection manifold is respectively equipped on each internal appendix, which detects manifold and connect baroceptor, forms air pressure and detects gas circuit;Each gas-tpe fitting is used for through external appendix to infusion bottle or infusion bag conveying air pressure;The extension electromagnetic iron of control infusion pipeline on-off is additionally provided in host.Safety of the present invention is good, intelligence degree and integrated level are high, and the rescue especially suitable for patient with severe symptoms is infused.

Description

Air-pump type integrates infusion equipment

Technical field

The present invention relates to infusion devices, and in particular to a kind of integrated infusion equipment of air-pump type.

Background technique

Infusion is exactly the blood that medical fluid, blood, electrolyte etc. are inputted to patient's body with the positive differential pressure relative to human blood-pressure Guan Zhong, it is the most common treatment of one kind and rescue method, is a common drug treatment technology of nursing speciality.It is common at present Infusion model be the modes such as to hold high using infusion support, hook or temporarily with hand to promote the height of infusion bottle or infusion bag, It is set to generate the pressure realization liquid input for being higher than human vein pressure.This side that " power source " is converted by " gravitional force " Formula not only limits patient and move freely, and increases their pains in infusion.For nurse and one should labor The thing of heart labour again will not only be responsible for vascular puncture, pull out needle, replacement infusion bottle or infusion bag, also want moment observation infusion Various unusual conditions in the process, in order to reduce labor intensity of the nurse in infusion, the pain for reducing sufferer, reduce infusion thing Therefore incidence, it is very necessary for changing infusion model.In recent years, occur various intelligent transfusion equipment both at home and abroad, These intelligent transfusion equipment change traditional infusion model, and the labor intensity and stress for alleviating nurse enhance infusion The safety of process;But it as the rescue infusion equipment of patient with severe symptoms, there is problems:

1), monitoring system structure is single, and safety and intelligence degree be not high, not only influences patient safety and also increases nurse Stress;

2) switching between infusion bottle or infusion bag, cannot be carried out automatically, replace infusion bottle every time or infusion bag, nurse will Plug transfusion needle;

3), multichannel infusion cannot be carried out in infusion equipment, the not only strong influence treatment of urgent patient, and And the monitoring difficulty of infusion process is increased, while also increasing the working strength and psychological burden of nurse;

4) (intervention operation is generally defeated using artery for larger pressure difference needed for, cannot providing operation and treatment and infusion flow rate Liquid needs biggish positive differential pressure);

5), do not have the unified management function of equipment, cause the waste of device resource and human resources.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of integrated be infused of air-pump type and sets Standby, the integrated infusion equipment security performance of this air-pump type is higher, realizes the automation of infusion, the work for significantly reducing nurse is strong Degree, and it is able to carry out single channel infusion and multichannel infusion, increase the unified management function of equipment.

The purpose of the present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:

A kind of integrated infusion equipment of air-pump type, it is characterised in that: including host and Transfusion hanging stand, the Transfusion hanging stand setting On host, the Transfusion hanging stand is provided at least two work and hangs position, and each work extension position is equipped with surplus for monitoring liquid Surplus, transfusion speed, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path jam signal weighing sensor, each work hangs below the weighing sensor of position Equipped with the hook for hanging infusion bottle or infusion bag;The box body of host is equipped with the first installation base plate, installation in the box body There are electric inflation pump, Pneumatic controller, multiple electromagnetism on-off valves, circuit board, power supply and multiple for controlling infusion pipeline The extension electromagnetic iron of on-off, the output shaft head end of each extension electromagnetic iron and the via clearance of the first installation base plate cooperate, institute Circuit board is stated equipped with single-chip microcontroller, alarm and multiple baroceptors;The box body of the host is equipped with and electromagnetism on-off valve The identical multiple gas-tpe fittings of quantity, each gas-tpe fitting for connecting external appendix to infusion bottle or infusion bag conveying air pressure, Air filter is installed on each gas-tpe fitting;The inlet end of the Pneumatic controller and the outlet side of electric inflation pump It is connected, the outlet side of Pneumatic controller is connected with the inlet end of multiple electromagnetism on-off valves, the outlet side point of each electromagnetism on-off valve Not Tong Guo internal appendix be connected with each gas-tpe fitting, constitute air-pump type integrate infusion equipment multiple inflation gas circuits arranged side by side; It is respectively equipped with air pressure detection manifold on each internal appendix, which detects manifold and connect baroceptor, forms air pressure Detect gas circuit;The front of first installation base plate is equipped with multiple the first pipe clamps for being respectively used to fix each perfusion tube and multiple difference For fixing the second pipe clamp of each Mo Feishi dropper;The box cover of host is equipped with the second installation base plate, the second installation base of box cover First installation base plate of plate and box body is oppositely arranged, and the box cover side and box body are hinged, and the other side passes through locking device and box Body connection, second installation base plate are equipped with pressure pipe boss, and pressure pipe boss is corresponding with extension electromagnetic iron;It is set on the host Have for perfusion tube into and out of recessing groove, be additionally provided with display device on host, instruction inputting device, and for acquiring perfusion tube Drop drop speed, blank pipe, leakage, bubble, fluid path block, the detection sensor of run-bake-needle fault signal;The electric inflation pump, air pressure control Device processed, electromagnetism on-off valve, extension electromagnetic iron, power supply, instruction inputting device, display device, weighing sensor, for acquiring Drop drop speed, blank pipe, leakage, bubble, the fluid path of perfusion tube block, the detection sensor of run-bake-needle fault signal is electrically connected with circuit board respectively It connects.

The Pneumatic controller uses at least one pressure reducing valve, the inlet end of the pressure reducing valve and going out for electric inflation pump Gas end is connected, and the outlet side of pressure reducing valve is connected with the inlet end of electromagnetism on-off valve.

The Pneumatic controller uses at least one overflow valve, the inlet end of the overflow valve and going out for electric inflation pump Gas end is connected, and the outlet side of overflow valve is connected with the inlet end of electromagnetism on-off valve.

The Pneumatic controller is using at least one overflow valve and at least one pressure reducing valve, the inlet end of the overflow valve Be connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, the outlet side of overflow valve is connected with the inlet end of pressure reducing valve, the outlet side of pressure reducing valve with The inlet end of electromagnetism on-off valve is connected.

The output shaft head end of each extension electromagnetic iron is equipped with pressure head, and the pressure head of each extension electromagnetic iron passes through the first peace It fills and stretches out the first installation base plate outside the through-hole of substrate, pressure head and through-hole are clearance fit.

Air filter is arranged in the outlet side of each gas-tpe fitting, and each air filter is connected separately with one or more External appendix arranged side by side.

The first of fast signal is dripped for acquiring blank pipe, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path blocking and drop equipped with multiple in the host Detection sensor, first detection sensor are located at the two sides of Mo Feishi dropper, the drop on corresponding Mo Feishi dropper top Mouthful;It is equipped in the host multiple for acquiring the second detection sensor that blank pipe, bubble signals occurs in perfusion tube, the second detection Sensor corresponds to the perfusion tube of more Mo Feishi dropper outlet ends.

The box cover includes the second installation base plate and panel, and instruction inputting device, display device is arranged on the panel, refers to Enabling input unit includes touch screen and operation button, and display device includes liquid crystal display and charactron.

Second installation base plate is equipped with the claw for fixing Mo Feishi dropper, for fixing the pressure of Mo Feishi dropper Pawl is corresponding with the second pipe clamp on the first installation base plate.

The Transfusion hanging stand is fixed on the support rod that one upwardly extends, and the support rod is fixedly connected with host, described Transfusion hanging stand is equipped with handle.

Beneficial effects of the present invention: the Transfusion hanging stand is arranged on host, and the Transfusion hanging stand is provided at least two Position is hung in work, and the medical fluid that performance fails to agree can be placed on different work and hang position, and the medical fluid that position is hung in same work can be together in series Conveying.Each work hangs position and is equipped with the title for monitoring residual liquid quantity, transfusion speed, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path jam signal Sensor is retransmitted, each infusion process for hanging position not only can accurately be understood by the information that weighing sensor acquires and whether there is Abnormal conditions can also accurately measure transfusion speed, and when transfusion speed and setting value are variant, the present invention can be certainly The dynamic air pressure by adjusting infusion bottle or infusion bag adjusts the speed of infusion, has adapted to the patient of different syndromes and constitution to making The different of transfusion speed require, while can also accurately predict that each extension position is finished needed for liquid by the analysis to transfusion speed Time, and prior notice nursing staff prepares the work of next stage, such as: next stage can be carried out in reasonable time With liquid, pharmacological property is not only set to keep best, and be able to maintain the continuity of infusion again.

The box body of the host is equipped with the first installation base plate, is equipped with circuit board, electric inflation pump, electricity on the box body Source, Pneumatic controller, electromagnetism on-off valve and multiple extension electromagnetic iron;The box body of host is equipped with multiple gas-tpe fittings; Each gas-tpe fitting is used for through external appendix to infusion bottle or infusion bag conveying air pressure, and installation is had time on each gas-tpe fitting Air filter;The inlet end of the Pneumatic controller is connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, the outlet of Pneumatic controller End is connected with the inlet end of multiple electromagnetism on-off valves, and the outlet side of each electromagnetism on-off valve passes through internal appendix and each tracheae respectively Connector be connected, constitute inflate pump type integrate infusion equipment multiple inflation gas circuits arranged side by side;On each internal appendix respectively Manifold is detected equipped with air pressure, which detects manifold and connect baroceptor, forms air pressure and detects gas circuit.Electric inflation pump passes through Multiple each infusion bottles of inflating air road direction arranged side by side or infusion bag pressurization, generate positive differential pressure, so that medical fluid is flowed into patient's body, realize It is infused while to multiple infusion bottles or infusion bag, and each infusion bottle or infusion bag are not interfere with each other;It is automatic by air filter Gas is filtered, gas after filtering leads to the air inlet of infusion bottle or infusion bag, reduces the pollution to medical fluid;It adopts With above structure of the invention, " difference in height " is no longer rely on to provide infusion required pressure difference, while the present invention is beaten using electronic Air pump is used as " power source ", is not only able to satisfy pressure difference needed for venous transfusion, powerful kinetic energy, and this can be more provided for arterial infusion Kind infusion model is easier to realize the Intelligentized regulating and controlling of transfusion speed.

The output shaft head end of each extension electromagnetic iron is equipped with pressure head, and the pressure head of each extension electromagnetic iron passes through the first peace The first installation base plate is stretched out outside the through-hole that dress substrate is equipped with, pressure head and through-hole are clearance fit;On first installation base plate Equipped with multiple the first pipe clamps for fixing perfusion tube and multiple the second pipe clamps for being used to fix Mo Feishi dropper;The box of host It is covered with the second installation base plate, second installation base plate is equipped with pressure pipe boss, and pressure pipe boss is corresponding with extension electromagnetic iron. When the pressure head of electromagnet stretches out, the perfusion tube for the Mo Feishi dropper liquid feeding end being fixed on the first installation base plate is pressed in pressure On pipe boss, liquid stream is ended, and when electromagnet retracts, the pressure head of electromagnet is detached from the perfusion tube of Mo Feishi dropper liquid feeding end, liquid Stream restores conducting, makes the present invention be not only able to realize the automatic switchover between infusion bottle or infusion bag using the above structure, significantly The working strength of nurse is alleviated, and the switching mode of this pipeline is also avoided using solenoid valve, reduces medical fluid and outside It carries disease germs the contact of object, reduces the risk of liquid pollution.

The present invention is equipped with the Transfusion hanging stand for mounting multiple infusion bottles or infusion bag, and the present invention is allowed to carry out single-pass Road infusion is infused to multichannel.Nurse needs that single channel infusion or multichannel is selected to be infused according to conditions of patients, works as infusion solutions When being infused for single channel, the perfusion tube that need to will be drawn from each infusion bottle or infusion bag, with a multichannel pipe joint and Mo Feishi The connection of dropper liquid feeding end, the outlet end of Mo Feishi dropper connect a syringe needle by perfusion tube, and formation multichannel inputs side by side, single channel The infusion solutions of output, by with each infusion bottle or infusion bag draw the corresponding extension electromagnetic iron of perfusion tube control infusion bottle or Automatic switchover between infusion bag significantly reduces the working strength of nurse.When infusion solutions are that multichannel is infused, from each infusion The perfusion tube that bottle or infusion bag are drawn is directly accessed the liquid feeding end of corresponding Mo Feishi dropper respectively, and each Mo Feishi dropper goes out Liquid end is separately connected a syringe needle by perfusion tube, multichannel independent input is formed, the infusion solutions that multichannel independently exports, using this The multichannel infusion solutions of invention can not only create favorable conditions for the treatment of urgent patient, can also mitigate the labour of nurse Intensity.

It is equipped in the host multiple for acquiring blank pipe, bubble, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path blocking and the fast signal of drop drop The first detection sensor and multiple for acquiring the second detection sensor of the blank pipe of perfusion tube, bubble signals;The circuit Multiple baroceptors with infusion bottle or infusion bag connection are provided on plate;The Transfusion hanging stand is provided at least two work Position is hung, each work hangs position and is equipped with the title for monitoring residual liquid quantity, transfusion speed, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path jam signal Retransmit sensor;The single-chip microcontroller is used to receive the command input signals and detection sensor, air pressure sensing of instruction inputting device Device, weighing sensor transmitting signal, export control signal respectively to each extension electromagnetic iron, make respectively with each telescopic electricity The perfusion tube conducting and cut-off of the corresponding Mo Feishi dropper liquid feeding end of magnet, carry out the automatic switchover between infusion bottle or infusion bag, The single-chip microcontroller controls electric inflation pump for exporting electric signal to electric inflation pump, Pneumatic controller and electromagnetism on-off valve Start and stop and electromagnetism on-off valve on-off, adjust air pressure and transfusion speed in infusion bottle or infusion bag, the single-chip microcontroller is for defeated Alarm signal controls alarm and carries out warning note to alarm out.The sensor of different location and different function cooperates It forms a compound stereoscopic monitoring system and real-time effective monitoring is carried out to infusion process, issue report when an exception occurs It is alert, and automatically cut off infusion channel.This compound stereoscopic monitoring system substantially increases safety and intelligence in infusion process Degree can be changed, alleviate the stress and working strength of nursing staff.

In short, operation of the present invention is simple, and is not fettered by " difference in height ", it is not only able to satisfy the pressure difference of venous transfusion needs, It is more capable of providing powerful kinetic energy needed for arterial infusion, larger pressure difference and infusion needed for patient with severe symptoms's operation and treatment can be provided Flow velocity.The present invention can automatically detect and regulate and control transfusion speed, adapt to the patient of different constitutions and the state of an illness to transfusion speed It is required that can be calculated according to practical transfusion speed the liquid of specified volume is finished required for the time and by medical staff setting Time advance is notified to medical staff, and the work that they are next period is allowed to be ready in advance.And difference of the invention The sensor of position and different function can be different to blank pipe, bubble, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, the fluid path blocking occurred in infusion process etc. Reason condition carries out real-time effective monitoring and automatic alarm, improves the safety of infusion process, reduces the work of nursing staff Make intensity and psychological pressure.The present invention can carry out automatically the switching between infusion bottle or infusion bag according to the process of infusion, infusion After the completion, it can be automatically stopped and give notice to nursing staff.Air filter of the invention is using hydrophobic filter film to sky Gas is filtered, and is avoided extraneous unclean air and is polluted to medical fluid, the blood etc. in infusion bottle or infusion bag.Energy of the present invention Single channel infusion and multichannel infusion are enough carried out, meets the demand of the patient of the different state of an illness, while improving the effect of infusion process Rate.Invention increases the unified management function of equipment, makes the configuration of infusion equipment and nursing staff and manage more reasonable, more section It learns.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is main view of the invention (comprising 1 partial sectional view);

Fig. 2 is the left view (backboard, attachment base, locking knob and part support rod are concealed in figure) of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional view of A-A in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of air filter of the present invention;

Host opening state figure when Fig. 5 is multichannel infusion of the invention;

Host closed state figure when Fig. 6 is multichannel infusion of the invention;

Host opening state figure when Fig. 7 is single channel infusion of the invention.

In attached drawing: 1 is box cover, and 1a is shaft hinge, and 1-1 is panel, and 1-2 is recessing groove, and 2 be the second detection sensor, 3 For the second installation base plate, 3a is pressure pipe boss, and 3b is claw, and 4 be box body, and 4a is the first pipe clamp, and 4b is the second pipe clamp, and 4-1 is First installation base plate, 4-2 are Mo Feishi dropper mounting groove, and 5 be gas-tpe fitting, and 6 be power supply, and 7 be circuit board, and 7a is air pressure sensing Device, 8 be backboard, and 8a is attachment base, and 9 be support rod, and 10 be internal appendix, and 11 be hook, and 12 be weighing sensor, and 13 are Transfusion hanging stand, 14 be handle, and 15 be extension electromagnetic iron, and 15-1 is pressure head, and 16 be electromagnetism on-off valve, and 17 be liquid crystal display, and 18 are Electric inflation pump, 19 be operation button, and 20 be pneumatic control valve, and 21 be locking device, and 22 be the first detection sensor, and 23 be gas Pressure detection manifold, 24 be locking knob, and 25 be external appendix, and a is air filter, and a1 is left cover, and a2 is right cover, and a3 is Hydrophobic filter film, c1 are perfusion tube, and c2 is Mo Feishi dropper, and d is support base, and e is infusion bottle.

Specific embodiment

The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawing.

Specific embodiment 1:

Referring to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, a kind of air-pump type integrates infusion equipment, including host and Transfusion hanging stand, the hanging infusion Frame is arranged on host, and the Transfusion hanging stand is fixed on a support rod 9, and the support rod 9 is fixedly connected with host, hanging infusion Frame 13 is equipped with handle 14, and whole equipment can be inserted on support base d by support rod 9 or be hung on the ceiling by handle 14. The host is equipped with attachment base 8a and is locked after the support rod 9 is inserted into attachment base 8a by locking knob 24 On support base d.Transfusion hanging stand 13 is equipped at least two work and hangs position, and Transfusion hanging stand 13 can be set two work and hang position, or Position is hung in the multiple work of person, and position is hung in three work of setting in the present embodiment, and each work is hung position and is equipped with for monitoring liquid residual Amount, transfusion speed, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path jam signal weighing sensor 12, each work hangs 12 lower section of weighing sensor of position It is equipped with hook 11, hook 11 is weighed, according to list for hanging multiple infusion bottle e or infusion bag by weighing sensor Weight change in the time of position, calculates transfusion speed.The medical fluid that multiple work extensions position can fail to agree performance is placed on different Position is hung in work, and the medical fluid that position is hung in same work can be together in series conveying.The host includes box body 4 and box cover 1, the box body 4 include the first installation base plate 4-1, side plate and backboard 8, and the first installation base plate 4-1 and side plate are using integrated molding, side plate four It is equipped with concave mouth week, backboard 8 is fixed on concave mouth face by screw or buckle, and attachment base 8a is arranged on backboard 8.The box cover 1 includes the second installation base plate 3, side plate and panel 1-1, the panel 1-1 and side plate using being integrally formed, and side plate is surrounded by recessed Seam allowance, the second installation base plate 3 are fixed on concave mouth face by screw or buckle.The second installation base plate 3 and box of the box cover 1 First installation base plate 4-1 of body 4 is opposite to be set up, and 1 side of box cover is hinged by shaft hinge 1a and box body 4, and the other side is logical It crosses locking device 21 to connect with box body 4, the locking device 21 uses springlock, convenient for opening or closing box cover.

Electric inflation pump 18, Pneumatic controller 20, multiple electromagnetism on-off valves 16, circuit board are installed in the box body 4 7, power supply 6, the circuit board 7 are equipped with single-chip microcontroller, alarm and multiple baroceptor 7a, alarm and baroceptor 7a With monolithic mechatronics, each baroceptor 7a and infusion bottle or infusion bag connection;The electric inflation pump 18 uses micro electric Dynamic inflating pump;The electromagnetism on-off valve 16 is two position two-way valve;The alarm uses sound, light crossing-signal or sound-light alarm Device;The power supply 6 includes built-in charging DC power supply and external power interface, is powered for circuit board;The pressure control dress Set 20 and use at least one pressure reducing valve, be additionally provided on the side plate of the box body 4 for the adjusting knob stretching of pressure reducing valve via hole and For observing the peep hole of pneumatic control valve pressure value.The side plate of the box body 4 is equipped with corresponding with electromagnetism on-off valve quantity Multiple through-holes, the gas-tpe fitting 5 for extending box body 4 is installed, the gas-tpe fitting 5 uses the fast quick access of partition in each through-hole Head, each gas-tpe fitting 5 is for connecting external appendix to infusion bottle or infusion bag conveying air pressure.

The inlet end of the Pneumatic controller 20 is connected by internal appendix 10 with the outlet side of electric inflation pump 18, The outlet side of Pneumatic controller 20 is connected by internal appendix 10 with the inlet end of multiple electromagnetism on-off valves 16, and each electromagnetism is logical The outlet side of disconnected valve 16 passes through internal appendix 10 respectively and is connected with each gas-tpe fitting 5, constitutes and inflates the integrated infusion equipment of pump type Multiple inflation gas circuits arranged side by side;In the present embodiment, the Pneumatic controller use a pressure reducing valve, the pressure reducing valve into Gas end is connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, and the outlet side of pressure reducing valve is connected with the inlet end of multiple electromagnetism on-off valves, passes through One pressure reducing valve carries out pressure control;The gas that the pressure reducing valve generates electric inflation pump 18 is depressured, so as to avoid pressure Power is excessive, so that the medical fluid in infusion bottle or infusion bag is dripped speed by setting and flows into human body.Electromagnetism on-off valve 16 be used for when infusion bottle or When air pressure is excessive in infusion bag, convenient for closing the air pressure flowed out in electric inflation pump immediately.Divide on each internal appendix 10 Not She You air pressure detect manifold 23, described air pressure detection manifold 23 connects baroceptor, forms air pressure and detect gas circuit;This reality Apply in example that air pressure detection manifold 23 is connected on internal appendix 10 using threeway or the internal appendix 10 is examined with air pressure It surveys manifold 23 and uses integral structure.The baroceptor 7a moment monitors the gas pressure of internal appendix 10, to obtain It is infused in infusion bottle or infusion bag air pressure, and real-time delivery is to single-chip microcontroller, when baroceptor 7a monitors on-off valve output When air pressure is greater than setting value, electric inflation pump is controlled by single-chip microcontroller and is stopped working, on-off valve is turned off, starts extension electromagnetic iron Perfusion tube is turned off, starts warning device, sounds an alarm, after baroceptor 7a monitors that pressure is normal, automatic starting is flexible Formula electromagnet turns off infusion pipeline, continues to be infused, ensure that in entire infusion process, the speed of medical fluid is in setting range It is interior.

Air filter a is installed, air filtration is arranged in the inlet end of each gas-tpe fitting on each gas-tpe fitting 5 Device, the outlet side of each gas-tpe fitting are connected separately with one or more external appendix arranged side by side.Or each gas-tpe fitting go out Air filter is arranged in gas end, and each air filter is connected separately with one or more external appendix arranged side by side.The present embodiment In: air filter a is connected to the outlet side of gas-tpe fitting 5 by pipeline, is connected separately with one on each air filter a Root or more external appendixs 25 arranged side by side, gas-tpe fitting 5 pass through air filter a, external appendix 25, connector, puncture needle It is connected with infusion bottle e or infusion bag, the external appendix 25 uses single-pass pipe or multi-pass pipe, increases infusion bottle e or defeated The quantity of liquid bag connection.The air filter a is disposable air filter, and air filter a uses left cover a1 and right cover A2 glue sticking is integral, and at least a piece of filter membrane is arranged between left cover a1 and right cover a2, and the filter membrane uses hydrophobic filter Film a3, the present embodiment use a piece of hydrophobic filter film, and hydrophobic filter film can cross microorganism and dust, isolation water in air filtering Divide and do not influence air and pass through, reduces the risk of unclean air pollution medical fluid.The hydrophobic filter film of the present embodiment is using filter 5 μm of membrane aperture of PTFE filter membrane.The present embodiment is set there are three infusion bottle e, and three infusion bottle e pass through external appendix 25 respectively It is connected with the outlet side of air filter a.

It is equipped in the box body 4 multiple for controlling the extension electromagnetic iron 15 of infusion pipeline on-off, each work extension The corresponding extension electromagnetic iron 15 in position, the output shaft head end of each extension electromagnetic iron are equipped with pressure head 15-1;The of the box body 4 One installation base plate 4-1 is equipped with the through-hole that multiple pressure heads for for extension electromagnetic iron stretch out, and each through-hole is respectively positioned on the first peace The top of substrate 4-1 is filled, the is stretched out outside the through-hole that the pressure head 15-1 of each extension electromagnetic iron is equipped with by the first installation base plate One installation base plate, pressure head and through-hole are clearance fit;Multiple extension electromagnetic iron 15 for be truncated and be connected infusion pipeline and It switches over, sets in the present embodiment there are three extension electromagnetic iron 15 between a plurality of infusion pipeline.Second installation of the box cover Substrate is equipped with pressure pipe boss 3a, and the pressure pipe boss 3a is corresponding with the pressure head of extension electromagnetic iron 15, when the pressure head of electromagnet is stretched When out, the perfusion tube c1 of the Mo Feishi dropper c2 liquid feeding end on the first installation base plate on 4-1 is fixed on by the pressure head pressure of electromagnet Tightly on pressure pipe boss, liquid stream is ended, and when the ram retracts of electromagnet, the pressure head of electromagnet is detached from Mo Feishi dropper c2 feed liquor The perfusion tube c1 at end, liquid stream restore conducting, and extension electromagnetic iron 15 matches truncation with pressure pipe boss and leads using the above structure The perfusion tube c1 of logical Mo Feishi dropper c2 liquid feeding end allows the invention to realize the automatic switchover between infusion bottle or infusion bag.

The front of first installation base plate 4-1 is equipped with multiple Mo Feishi dropper mounting groove 4-2 for being used to install Mo Feishi dropper, Multiple the first pipe clamp 4a and multiple the second pipe clamps for being respectively used to fix each Mo Feishi dropper for being respectively used to fixed perfusion tube The Mo Feishi dropper mounting groove 4-2 of 4b, the Mo Feishi dropper c2 are located at the middle part of the first installation base plate 4-1, and the multiple point The second pipe clamp 4b that each Mo Feishi dropper Yong Yu not fixed is located in Mo Feishi dropper mounting groove 4-2, in the present embodiment is it possible that Second pipe clamp 4b there are six setting in the Mo Feishi dropper mounting groove 4-2 of family name's dropper c2, can be by three Mo Feishi dropper c2 side by side It is arranged in Mo Feishi dropper mounting groove 4-2, is fixedly clamped by the second pipe clamp 4b.The perfusion tube c1 of each infusion apparatus passes through multiple First pipe clamp 4a is fixed on the first installation base plate 4-1 of box body 4, and the Mo Feishi dropper c2 of infusion apparatus is solid by the second pipe clamp 4b It is scheduled in Mo Feishi dropper mounting groove 4-2.The face corresponding with the first installation base plate 4-1 of second installation base plate 3 is equipped with not Fei Shi dropper resigning groove, the interior claw 3b being equipped with for fixing Mo Feishi dropper of the Mo Feishi dropper resigning groove, passes through pressure Pawl 3b further fixes Mo Feishi dropper c2, it is therefore prevented that Mo Feishi dropper c2 shakes.In the pressure for being respectively used for extension electromagnetic iron 15 The through hole that head stretches out is respectively equipped with the first pipe clamp 4a of a pair of of perfusion tube up and down, ensure that by first pipe clamp 4a telescopic Perfusion tube can be accurately truncated in the pressure head of electromagnet.

Be equipped in the host drop speed, blank pipe, leakage, bubble, fluid path for acquiring perfusion tube block, run-bake-needle fault signal Detection sensor is passed including multiple the first detections for dripping fast signal for acquiring blank pipe, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path blocking and drop Sensor 22, first detection sensor 22 are located at the two sides of Mo Feishi dropper, the drip on corresponding Mo Feishi dropper top; It is equipped in the host multiple for acquiring the second detection sensor 2 that blank pipe, bubble signals occurs in perfusion tube, the second detection biography The perfusion tube of the corresponding more Mo Feishi dropper outlet ends of sensor 2.First detection sensor 22 is located at the installation of Mo Feishi dropper In slot 4-2, the corresponding Mo Feishi dropper c2 of each first detection sensor 22,22 monitoring transfusion of the first detection sensor In the Murphy's burette of device the case where the speed and dropped stitch of drop, and it is transmitted to single-chip microcontroller.Second detection sensor 2 is located at The lower part of first installation base plate 4-1, the perfusion tube of corresponding more Mo Feishi dropper outlet ends, second detection sensor 2 are used Whether have bubble in the perfusion tube of real-time monitoring infusion apparatus or whether be blank pipe, and communicate information to single-chip microcontroller, when with When the sensor 2 for monitoring bubble, blank pipe monitors blank pipe, single-chip microcontroller control electric inflation pump stops working, and starts alarm Device sounds an alarm, or automatically switches to another infusion vessel, ensure that in entire infusion process by air bubble sensor Safety.First detection sensor 22 and the second detection sensor 2 are all made of emission sensor, and the correlation passes Photoelectric sensor, ultrasonic sensor, electric-field sensor can be used in sensor, and emission sensor is correspondingly arranged at the first installation base plate The forward surface of 4-1 and the second installation base plate 3;There are three being set on the first installation base plate 4-1 and the second installation base plate 3 in the present embodiment First detection sensor 22 and three the second detection sensors 2.A pair of the is respectively equipped with above and below at each second detection sensor 2 One pipe clamp 4a, first pipe clamp 4a ensure that the second detection sensor 2 can accurate measurements have into perfusion tube bubble-free or It whether is blank pipe.

Be equipped on the side plate up and down of the box cover 1 it is multiple for perfusion tube into and out of recessing groove 1-2.The face of the box cover 1 Plate 1-1 is equipped with instruction inputting device and display device, and described instruction input unit includes touch screen and operation button, this implementation Example is operation button 19, and display device includes liquid crystal display and charactron, and the present embodiment is liquid crystal display 17.The monolithic of the circuit board Machine output end respectively with electric inflation pump 18, Pneumatic controller 20, multiple electromagnetism on-off valves 16, alarm, liquid crystal display 17 and The input terminals of multiple extension electromagnetic iron 15 is connected, the single-chip microcomputer input of circuit board respectively with power supply 6, weighing sensor 12, Operation button 19, baroceptor 7a, the first detection sensor 22 are connected with the output end of the second detection sensor 2.Pass through behaviour Make key 19 and set input technology parameter, passes through weighing sensor 12, baroceptor 7a, the first detection sensor 22 and second Detection sensor 2 acquires signal, and is transferred to the single-chip microcontroller of circuit board, exports control signal to electric inflation pump by single-chip microcontroller 18, Pneumatic controller 20, each electromagnetism on-off valve 16 and each extension electromagnetic iron 15, control start and stop and the electromagnetism of electric inflation pump The on-off of on-off valve adjusts air pressure and the transfusion speed of infusion bottle e or infusion bag, makes corresponding with each extension electromagnetic iron respectively The perfusion tube conducting and cut-off of Mo Feishi dropper liquid feeding end, carry out the automatic switchover between infusion bottle or infusion bag, and to liquid crystal display 17 and alarm transmit information, shown by liquid crystal display 17, sounded an alarm by alarm.

Referring to shown in Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, nurse needs that single channel infusion or multichannel is selected to be infused according to conditions of patients, and presses It is required that ready perfusion tube and Mo Feishi dropper c2 to be separately fixed to the first pipe clamp and the second pipe of the first installation base plate 4-1 On folder, infusion bottle or infusion bag are hung on the hook of position by the different operating that the different grouping of pharmacological property hangs over Transfusion hanging stand 13, together One work hangs the infusion bottle of position or infusion bag and can be together in series.When infusion solutions are that single channel is infused, needing will be from different work Make hang position infusion bottle or infusion bag draw the effective multichannel pipe joint of infusion be together in parallel and with Mo Feishi dropper into The outlet end of the connection of liquid end, Mo Feishi dropper connects a syringe needle by perfusion tube, and formation multichannel inputs side by side, single channel exports Infusion solutions control infusion bottle or infusion bag by extension electromagnetic iron corresponding with each infusion bottle or infusion bag extraction perfusion tube Between automatic switchover.When infusion solutions are that multichannel is infused, the perfusion tube difference drawn from each infusion bottle or infusion bag is direct The liquid feeding end of corresponding Mo Feishi dropper is accessed, the outlet end of each Mo Feishi dropper is separately connected a needle by perfusion tube Head forms the infusion solutions that multichannel independent input, multichannel independently export, and uses multichannel infusion solutions of the invention not only can be with It creates favorable conditions for the treatment of urgent patient, the labor intensity of nurse can also be mitigated.

The working principle of the invention:

When work: electric inflation pump is inflated, and is depressured by the air pressure that Pneumatic controller exports electric inflation pump Adjustment makes the air pressure in internal appendix reach setting air pressure, is then transported to each electromagnetism on-off valve by each internal appendix Inlet end, the on-off of this pipeline is controlled by electromagnetism on-off valve, to control to infusion bottle or infusion bag pressure supply or interruption Pressure supply, the positive differential pressure of generation make medical fluid flow into patient's body.

Operation of the present invention is simple, is not fettered by " difference in height ", can automatically detect and regulate and control transfusion speed, can be according to reality Transfusion speed calculates the time required for the liquid of specified volume is finished and is notified to by the time advance of nurse's setting to nurse, The work that they are next period is allowed to be ready in advance, such as: nursing staff can carry out in advance according to notification prompt Next period matches liquid, so that pharmacological property is kept best, and be able to maintain the continuity of infusion again.And the present invention is able to detect sky Pipe, leakage, run-bake-needle fault, the exception that fluid path blocks and the infusion process such as bubble occur and alarm, while infusion channel is automatically cut off, pole The earth improves the safety of infusion process, alleviates the working strength and stress of nurse, can according to the process of infusion from The dynamic switching carried out between infusion bottle or infusion bag, after the completion of infusion, can be automatically stopped and give notice to nurse.Using this hair Bright liquid transporting body, so that infusion is more stable, the regulation of transfusion speed is more accurate, and the management of infusion equipment is more intelligent, more Science.

Specific embodiment 2:

The characteristics of the present embodiment is: the Pneumatic controller uses multiple pressure reducing valves, the inlet end of each pressure reducing valve It is connected respectively with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, the outlet side of each pressure reducing valve is connected with the inlet end of each electromagnetism on-off valve respectively, Every internal appendix is equipped with pressure reducing valve, improves the control precision of each internal gas transmission intraductal atmospheric pressure.Other features and specific Embodiment 1 is identical.

Specific embodiment 3:

The characteristics of the present embodiment is: the Pneumatic controller uses at least one overflow valve, the air inlet of the overflow valve End is connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, and the outlet side of overflow valve is connected with the inlet end of electromagnetism on-off valve.In the present embodiment: The Pneumatic controller uses an overflow valve, and the inlet end of the overflow valve is connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, overflows The outlet side of stream valve is connected with the inlet end of electromagnetism on-off valve respectively, using an overflow valve regulation air pressure, then passes through electromagnetism On-off valve controls the on-off of each internal appendix.Other features are identical as specific embodiment 1.

Specific embodiment 4:

The characteristics of the present embodiment is: the Pneumatic controller uses at least one overflow valve, the air inlet of the overflow valve End is connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, and the outlet side of overflow valve is connected with the inlet end of electromagnetism on-off valve.In the present embodiment: The Pneumatic controller use multiple overflow valves, the inlet end of each overflow valve respectively with the outlet side phase of electric inflation pump Even, the outlet side of each overflow valve is connected with the inlet end of each electromagnetism on-off valve respectively, and every internal appendix is equipped with one and overflows Valve and an electromagnetism on-off valve are flowed, the pressure control precision of each internal appendix is improved.Other features and 1 phase of specific embodiment Together.

Specific embodiment 5:

The characteristics of the present embodiment is: the Pneumatic controller uses at least one overflow valve and at least one pressure reducing valve, In the present embodiment: Pneumatic controller uses an overflow valve and a pressure reducing valve, and the inlet end of the overflow valve is beaten with electronic The outlet side of air pump is connected, and the outlet side of overflow valve is connected with the inlet end of pressure reducing valve, the outlet side of pressure reducing valve respectively with it is multiple The inlet end of electromagnetism on-off valve is connected, and overflow valve is as installation valve, with the gas in each internal appendix of pressure reducing valve common guarantee Body pressure improves the safety of infusion.Other features are identical as specific embodiment 1.

Specific embodiment 6:

The characteristics of the present embodiment is: the Pneumatic controller uses at least one overflow valve and at least one pressure reducing valve, In the present embodiment: Pneumatic controller uses an overflow valve and multiple pressure reducing valves, and the inlet end of the overflow valve is beaten with electronic The outlet side of air pump is connected, and the outlet side of overflow valve is connected with the inlet end of multiple pressure reducing valves respectively, the outlet side of each pressure reducing valve It is connected respectively with the inlet end of each electromagnetism on-off valve, overflow valve is as installation valve, with each internal gas transmission of pressure reducing valve common guarantee Gas pressure in pipe improves the safety of infusion.Other features are identical as specific embodiment 1.

Specific embodiment 7:

The characteristics of the present embodiment is: the Pneumatic controller uses at least one overflow valve and at least one pressure reducing valve, In the present embodiment: Pneumatic controller uses multiple overflow valves and multiple pressure reducing valves, and overflow valve and pressure reducing valve correspond, described The inlet end of each overflow valve is connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump respectively, the outlet side of each overflow valve respectively with each pressure reducing valve Inlet end is connected, and the outlet side of each pressure reducing valve is connected with the inlet end of each electromagnetism on-off valve respectively, and overflow valve is as installation valve, together Gas pressure in each internal appendix of pressure reducing valve common guarantee, improves the safety of infusion.Other features and specific reality It is identical to apply example 1.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of air-pump type integrates infusion equipment, it is characterised in that: including host and Transfusion hanging stand, the Transfusion hanging stand setting exists On host, the Transfusion hanging stand is provided at least two work and hangs position, and each work is hung position and is equipped with for monitoring liquid residual Amount, transfusion speed, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path jam signal weighing sensor, each work hangs and is all provided with below the weighing sensor of position There is the hook for hanging infusion bottle or infusion bag;The box body of host is equipped with the first installation base plate, is equipped in the box body Electric inflation pump, Pneumatic controller, multiple electromagnetism on-off valves, circuit board, power supply and multiple logical for controlling infusion pipeline Disconnected extension electromagnetic iron, the output shaft head end of each extension electromagnetic iron and the via clearance of the first installation base plate cooperate, described The output shaft head end of each extension electromagnetic iron is equipped with pressure head, and the pressure head of each extension electromagnetic iron passes through the through-hole of the first installation base plate The first installation base plate of outer stretching, pressure head and through-hole are clearance fit, and the circuit board is equipped with single-chip microcontroller, alarm and multiple gas Pressure sensor;The box body of the host is equipped with multiple gas-tpe fittings identical with electromagnetism on-off valve quantity, and each gas-tpe fitting is used In connecting external appendix to infusion bottle or infusion bag conveying air pressure, air filter is installed on each gas-tpe fitting;Institute The inlet end for stating Pneumatic controller is connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, the outlet side of Pneumatic controller and multiple electromagnetism The inlet end of on-off valve is connected, and the outlet side of each electromagnetism on-off valve passes through internal appendix respectively and is connected with each gas-tpe fitting, structure Multiple inflation gas circuits arranged side by side of infusion equipment are integrated at air-pump type;Air pressure detection discrimination is respectively equipped on each internal appendix Pipe, the air pressure detect manifold and connect baroceptor, form air pressure and detect gas circuit;The front of first installation base plate is equipped with multiple points The first pipe clamp and multiple the second pipe clamps for being respectively used to fix each Mo Feishi dropper of each perfusion tube Yong Yu not fixed;Host Box cover be equipped with the second installation base plate, the second installation base plate of box cover and the first installation base plate of box body be oppositely arranged, the box Lid side and box body are hinged, and the other side is connect by locking device with box body, and second installation base plate is equipped with pressure pipe boss, Pressure pipe boss is corresponding with the pressure head of extension electromagnetic iron;The host be equipped with for perfusion tube into and out of recessing groove, on host also Equipped with display device, instruction inputting device, and drop drop speed, blank pipe, leakage, bubble, the fluid path for acquiring perfusion tube are stifled The detection sensor of plug, run-bake-needle fault signal;The electric inflation pump, Pneumatic controller, electromagnetism on-off valve, extension electromagnetic iron, Power supply, instruction inputting device, display device, weighing sensor, the drop for acquiring perfusion tube drip speed, blank pipe, leakage, gas Bubble, fluid path blocking, run-bake-needle fault signal detection sensor respectively with circuit board electrical connection.
2. air-pump type according to claim 1 integrates infusion equipment, it is characterised in that: the Pneumatic controller is using extremely A few pressure reducing valve, the inlet end of the pressure reducing valve are connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, the outlet side of pressure reducing valve and electromagnetism The inlet end of on-off valve is connected.
3. air-pump type according to claim 1 integrates infusion equipment, it is characterised in that: the Pneumatic controller is using extremely A few overflow valve, the inlet end of the overflow valve are connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, the outlet side of overflow valve and electromagnetism The inlet end of on-off valve is connected.
4. air-pump type according to claim 1 integrates infusion equipment, it is characterised in that: the Pneumatic controller is using extremely A few overflow valve and at least one pressure reducing valve, the inlet end of the overflow valve are connected with the outlet side of electric inflation pump, overflow The outlet side of valve is connected with the inlet end of pressure reducing valve, and the outlet side of pressure reducing valve is connected with the inlet end of electromagnetism on-off valve.
5. air-pump type according to claim 1 integrates infusion equipment, it is characterised in that: the outlet side of each gas-tpe fitting The air filter is set, and each air filter is connected separately with one or more external appendix arranged side by side.
6. air-pump type according to claim 1 integrates infusion equipment, it is characterised in that: the detection sensor includes multiple The first detection sensor of fast signal and multiple defeated for acquiring is dripped for acquiring blank pipe, run-bake-needle fault, leakage, fluid path blocking and drop There is the second detection sensor of blank pipe, bubble signals in liquid pipe, and first detection sensor is located at Mo Feishi dropper Two sides, the drip on corresponding Mo Feishi dropper top, second detection sensor correspond to the defeated of more Mo Feishi dropper outlet ends Liquid pipe.
7. air-pump type according to claim 1 integrates infusion equipment, it is characterised in that: the box cover further includes panel, institute Setting described instruction input unit, the display device on panel is stated, instruction inputting device includes touch screen and operation button, is shown Showing device includes liquid crystal display and charactron.
CN201510328549.8A 2015-06-15 2015-06-15 Air-pump type integrates infusion equipment CN104857594B (en)

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CN106581813A (en) * 2017-01-10 2017-04-26 吴新社 Gravity transfusion pump

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EP1051987A2 (en) * 1999-05-10 2000-11-15 Medico's Hirata Inc. Automatic control-type, portable instillation apparatus
CN101653628A (en) * 2009-09-11 2010-02-24 明 赵 Infusion alarming device
CN102614561A (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-08-01 重庆迈德医疗器械有限公司 Automatic control transfusion device and automatic control method thereof
CN103111001A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-05-22 深圳市万聚源科技有限公司 Infusion apparatus
CN103816582A (en) * 2012-10-10 2014-05-28 葛锋 Integrated digital transfusion apparatus and transfusion monitoring and management method thereof
CN204133956U (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-02-04 中国人民解放军总医院 A kind of countryside portable malleation transfusion box

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1051987A2 (en) * 1999-05-10 2000-11-15 Medico's Hirata Inc. Automatic control-type, portable instillation apparatus
CN101653628A (en) * 2009-09-11 2010-02-24 明 赵 Infusion alarming device
CN102614561A (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-08-01 重庆迈德医疗器械有限公司 Automatic control transfusion device and automatic control method thereof
CN103816582A (en) * 2012-10-10 2014-05-28 葛锋 Integrated digital transfusion apparatus and transfusion monitoring and management method thereof
CN103111001A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-05-22 深圳市万聚源科技有限公司 Infusion apparatus
CN204133956U (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-02-04 中国人民解放军总医院 A kind of countryside portable malleation transfusion box

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