CN104815393A - Cylindrical limb fixing type radiation treatment body part positioning hollow fixing frame - Google Patents

Cylindrical limb fixing type radiation treatment body part positioning hollow fixing frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104815393A
CN104815393A CN201510216126.7A CN201510216126A CN104815393A CN 104815393 A CN104815393 A CN 104815393A CN 201510216126 A CN201510216126 A CN 201510216126A CN 104815393 A CN104815393 A CN 104815393A
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China
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base plate
cylinder
fixed
fixing
latch
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CN201510216126.7A
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CN104815393B (en
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张鹏
封巍
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Zhejiang Cancer Hospital
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Zhejiang Cancer Hospital
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Publication of CN104815393B publication Critical patent/CN104815393B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a cylindrical limb fixing type radiation treatment body part positioning hollow fixing frame which is composed of two parts of a cylindrical limb integrated fixing frame and a tenon-and-mortise limb fixing type body membrane. Positioning and fixing of the external contour of the human body trunk part can be realized, and the cylindrical limb fixing type radiation treatment body part positioning hollow fixing frame is particularly suitable for the inferior belly part of a patient so that an objective of zero displacement or being close to zero displacement can be achieved. A fixing bottom plate and a treatment couch are enabled to be connected together by bottom plate positioning holes and bottom plate composite positioning holes so that error rate can be reduced. Loosing in the use period can be prevented by a cylindrical locking structure and a membrane strip cross stress structure so that the human body can be prevented from being squeezed. Scalability error of the body membrane can be reduced by the integrated pressing strips. Dosage distribution is enabled to be more accurate by the hollow design of the fixing bottom plate. Operation is enabled to be simple and convenient by the humanized design of the fixing bottom plate positioning holes and the pressing strip handles so that all shortcomings and defects in existing radiation treatment positioning structures can be effectively solved. The cylindrical limb fixing type radiation treatment body part positioning hollow fixing frame is reasonable in design, simple, one-step in locking, convenient, safe and environment-friendly in operation and relatively high in practicality and generality.

Description

Cylinder limbs fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount
Technical field
The invention belongs to radiotherapy field of locating technology, relate to a kind of radiotherapy device for positioning and securing, particularly relate to cylinder limbs fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount.Fixing for the underbelly location of human body especially, is the important tool of accurately locating in radiotherapy, implementing.
Background technology
low temperature thermo-plastic plankinga kind of macromolecule polyester of special synthesis, through the novel medical material of series of physical and chemical method process, for the making material of orthopaedics extenal fixation, orthosis, brace.Due to this material have do not absorb ray, thermoplastic after there is the outstanding properties such as good plastotype effect and specific shape memory function (when plastotype is unsatisfied with can post bake, again plastotype or local heat shape again), and simple to operate, convenient fixing, be optimal external fixation system in current radiotherapy localization.
Current, in our radiotherapy, the fixing low temperature of the employing mostly thermo-plastic planking of patient combines the object that the fixing mode of machinery reaches location.The requirement of radiocurable location: top to bottom, left and right, front and rear three-dimensional requires accurately fixing, displacement error <6MM.The body such as breast, abdomen fixes departure difficulty, and heart beating, the breathing and enterokinesia etc. of patient affect locating effect.Although mechanical means is various on the market, practical effect detects and finds mostly there is displacement error.
The deficiency of current radiotherapy localization: (1) Low Temperature Thermal plastic film and base plate there is fixed interval (FI); (2) Low Temperature Thermal plastic film body retractility is difficult to control; (3) easily there is locking and come off in fixation procedure, fixes unsuccessfully; (4) fixation procedure causes skin to squeeze folder injury accident; (5) standing finish split design, easily loses; (6) fixing locking mechanical structure is directly stressed; (6) the spacing fixing disappearance of limbs; (7) use operation effort, time-consuming and loaded down with trivial details.
Based on above deficiency and drawback, we devise a radiotherapy localization fixture, and the supporting dependent body film be combined with it.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve conventional radiotheraphy location drawback, providing a kind of cylinder limbs fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount, is the pinpoint device of a kind of radiotherapy body location.Main Function of the present invention is that the conformal outline of lower abdomen position patient is spacing fixing, adopts the principle of joinery and its construction, off-centre operation locking structure, the design of one film bar and hollow base plate, reaches pinpoint and makes more convenient to operate and dosage is more accurate simultaneously.
A kind of cylinder limbs of the present invention fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount is made up of cylinder limbs integral type fixed mount and Tenon limbs fixed body film two parts.
the fixed fixed mount of cylinder limbsjointly be made up of fixing cell wall, fixed base plate, base plate slope, treatment tank, base plate locating hole, base plate hollow bulb, bottom plate combined locating hole, swell latches pore structure and 10 tool column type locking structures.The agent structure of fixed mount is one piece of rectangular fixed base plate, and central hollow out is designed with base plate hollow bulb; The long edge in both sides is respectively arranged with 5 tool column type locking structures successively, between be connected to form fixing cell wall and the cylinder briquetting of strip; Article two, the fixing cell wall of strip and the treatment tank of fixed base plate formation " U " shape; Fixed base plate both sides shorter edge is respectively connected with base plate slope; Fixed base plate upper shed near base plate slope has base plate locating hole and base plate to meet locating hole.Swell latches pore structure is designed with between fixed base plate short edge holes.Wherein column type locking structureleft a blank jointly formed by fixing cell wall, fixing tenon fixed base plate, tenon stricture of vagina, compression stricture of vagina, cylinder briquetting, joint pin, cylinder axis, cylindrical base, cylinder spanner and cylinder.Fixing cell wall is the edge of sphenoid perpendicular to fixed base plate of a upper-thin-lower-thick; Another marginal center of fixed base plate is connected with cylindrical base, and one end dissociative and centre are run through cylinder axis; The two ends of axle are respectively connected with mobilizable cylinder briquetting; Be connected with the cylinder spanner of outer rim is static by joint pin between two cylinder briquettings, centre is left cylinder and is left a blank, and the fixing tenon that corresponding with it is on fixing cell wall, it has multi-turn tenon stricture of vagina; The outer of cylinder briquetting is designed with compression stricture of vagina with fixing cell wall near place.Wherein swell latches pore structurelocated by expansion hole, plug housing and latch and recessedly to form, between the holes (base plate locating hole and bottom plate combined locating hole) being positioned at fixed base plate shorter edge.The plug housing of cuboid to be embedded in fixed base plate and to flush with base plate, it has the holes running through holostrome---expansion hole; The latch location that Dong Bi lower end is designed with a ring shape is recessed.
the fixed body film of Tenon limbsby low temperature thermo-plastic planking, film bar, the film fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches, film bar Positioning bean, film bar is shaken hands and swell latches structure is formed jointly.Agent structure is a rectangular low temperature thermo-plastic planking, wherein long edge, both sides is respectively connected with film bar, every root film bar surface distributed has five film fourths of the twelve Earthly Branches running through holostrome, four press strip Positioning beans are alternate to be designed between five film fourths of the twelve Earthly Branches, the edge that film bar is connected with low temperature thermo-plastic planking is designed with film bar and shakes hands; Swell latches structure is designed with in the middle part of the shorter edge of low temperature thermo-plastic planking side.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the application of described cylinder limbs fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount in preparation radiotherapy localization fixture.
The present invention is body accurate radiotherapy device for positioning and securing, and " cylinder limbs integral type fixed mount " and " the fixed body film of Tenon limbs ", for supporting the use structure, also can support the use in " Tenon integral type body film ".It is spacing fixing that he can realize trunk portion outline completely, is specially adapted to the patient at lower abdomen position, can reach or close to zero shift; The design of base plate locating hole and bottom plate combined locating hole, can make fixed base plate be connected with therapeutic bed, reduces error rate; The intersection force structure design science of cylinder locking structure and film bar, without the need to worrying fixing the getting loose between the operating period; Simplify, a step locking, can make the operation of technician more simplify with convenient; The treatment tank application of " U " shape can avoid human injury's events such as pinching to occur; Integral type (press strip) design can operate more efficiently and reduce the retractility error of body film as far as possible; The hollow design of fixed base plate makes dose distribution more accurate; The detailed design of the hommizations such as fixed base plate locating hole, press strip handle can make technician operate to simplify and convenient.Efficiently solve all drawbacks and the deficiency of the existence of current radiotherapy localization structure.The present invention is reasonable in design, easy to operate, safety, environmental protection, and fixed effect is obvious, and practicality and versatility are all stronger.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the fixed fixed rack structure schematic diagrams of cylinder limbs.
Fig. 2 is column type locking structure 109 structural representation.
Fig. 3 is column type locking structure 109 lockup state schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is swell latches pore structure 105 structural representation.
Fig. 5 is Tenon limbs fixed body membrane structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is swell latches structure 101 structural representation.
Fig. 7 is swell latches structure 101 partial sectional view.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
embodiment 1cylinder limbs fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 5, a kind of cylinder limbs of the present invention fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount is made up of " the fixed fixed mount of cylinder limbs " and " the fixed body film of Tenon limbs " two parts.
the fixed fixed mount of cylinder limbsjointly be made up of fixing cell wall 19, fixed base plate 25, base plate slope 34, treatment tank 35, base plate locating hole 37, base plate hollow bulb 38, bottom plate combined locating hole 39, swell latches pore structure 105 and 10 tool column type locking structure 109.The agent structure of fixed mount is one piece of rectangular fixed base plate 25, and central hollow out is designed with base plate hollow bulb 38, plays the effect reducing ray attenuation; The long edge in both sides is respectively connected with 5 tool column type locking structures 109, between be connected to form two fixing cell walls 19 and four cylinder briquettings 58 of strip; Article two, the fixing cell wall 19 of strip and fixed base plate 25 form the treatment tank 35 of " U " shape; Fixed base plate 25 both sides shorter edge is respectively connected with base plate slope 34; Fixed base plate 25 upper shed near base plate slope 34 has base plate locating hole 37 and bottom plate combined locating hole 39, plays fixing spacing fixed base plate, fixed base plate is connected with therapeutic bed.Be designed with swell latches pore structure 105 between fixed base plate 25 short edge holes (base plate locating hole 37 and bottom plate combined locating hole 39), play two lower limb and fix spacing effect.
See Fig. 2 and 3, column type locking structure 109by fixing cell wall 19, fixing tenon 20, fixed base plate 25, tenon stricture of vagina 27, compress stricture of vagina 57, cylinder briquetting 58, joint pin 59, cylinder axis 60, cylindrical base 61, cylinder spanner 62 and cylinder and leave a blank and 63 jointly to form.Fixing cell wall 19 is the sphenoid of a upper-thin-lower-thick, and it is vertically connected at an edge of fixed base plate 25, and the configuration of fixing cell wall 19 wedge body makes the curved-surface structure that can better attach and be suitable for human body.Another marginal center of fixed base plate 25 is connected with cylindrical base 61, and one end dissociative and centre are run through cylinder axis 60; The two ends of axle are respectively connected with mobilizable cylinder briquetting 58, can along pressing plate shaft axial rotation; Be connected with the cylinder spanner 62 of outer rim is static by joint pin 59 between two cylinder briquettings 58, centre is left cylinder and is left a blank 63, the fixing tenon 20 that corresponding with it is on fixing cell wall 19, fixing tenon 20 is designed to the end and slightly pushes up thin circular cone structure, realizes linearly fastening; Its surface distributed has the tenon stricture of vagina 27 of a circle circle, can increase the frictional force between the film fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches 3 and fixing tenon 20.The outer of cylinder briquetting 58 and fixing cell wall 19 are designed with near place and compress stricture of vagina 57, for increasing the frictional force between cylinder briquetting 58 and film bar etc., and fastening locking effect.
See Fig. 4, " swell latches pore structure 105 "locate recessed 18 by expansion hole 12, plug housing 13 and latch to form, between the holes (base plate locating hole 37 and bottom plate combined locating hole 39) being positioned at fixed base plate 25 shorter edge.The plug housing 13 of cuboid to be embedded in fixed base plate 25 and to flush with base plate, it has the holes running through holostrome---expansion hole 12; Dong Bi lower end is designed with recessed 18 1 circles in latch location of annular, will match in corresponding convex.
See Fig. 5, " the fixed body film of Tenon limbs "jointly be made up of low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1, film bar 2, the film fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches 3, film bar Positioning bean 4, film bar handle 5 and swell latches structure 101.Its agent structure is a rectangular low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1, and its two longer edges are connected with the long limit of film bar 2; The minor face of film bar 2 flushes with the minor face of low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1; Two ends, the centre on every root film bar 2 surface are equally spaced five and run through the film fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches 3 of holostrome, conformal supporting for fixing tenon 20; Five film fourths of the twelve Earthly Branches 3 separately between equidistant design have four film bar Positioning beans 4, what can be combined for film bar 2 with respective accessory is fastening; The edge that film bar 2 is connected with low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1 is designed with two film bars and shakes hands 5, be convenient to installation and the dismounting of the parts such as body film and supporting base plate; Swell latches structure 101 is designed with, fixing spacing for two lower limb body in the middle part of the shorter edge of low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1 side.
See Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, wherein " swell latches structure 101 "locate recessed 18 by low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1, latch cap 7, latch post 8, latch press strip 9, expanding petal 10, latch convex 11, expansion hole 12, plug housing 13, pin bushing 14, expanded spheres 15, lobe ditch 16, ball stricture of vagina 17 and latch jointly to form.Low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1 is embedded in the middle of latch press strip 9, can realize fixing the perfection of low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1; Two pin bushings 14 through on latch press strip 9, an end dissociative, the other end is flexible coupling in four expanding petals 10; Four expanding petals 10 are designed to the wedge shape of upper-thin-lower-thick, and it can realize arms sideward lift under the effect of external force; Expanding petal 10 medial wall is distributed with lobe ditch 16, and lateral wall hypomere is designed with latch convex 11; In pin bushing 14, traveling has latch post 8 respectively, and latch post 8 one end is connected with latch cap 7, and the other end is connected to expanded spheres 15; Expanded spheres 15 is designed with ball stricture of vagina 17; Expanded spheres 15 can realize freely up and down movable under the drive of latch post 8 in the barreled space that four expanding petals 10 surround; With latch lobe 10 in pairs with the use of be plug housing 13, it is designed with expansion hole 12; Lower end, medial wall, expansion hole 12 is designed with latch location recessed 18.
embodiment 2using method of the present invention
Mono-Walk: first locking." the fixed fixed mount of Tenon limbs " is positioned over therapeutic bed (or in location bed), mobile relative position, and the design making the base plate locating hole 37 on fixed mount corresponding on bed with bottom plate combined locating hole coincide, and completes " frame bed location ".Patient lies low in the treatment tank 35 of " U " shape, operation technician two people cooperation is carried out jointly, Tenon integral type body film is immersed the thermostatic water tank of 60-70 degree Celsius, after fully softening, everyone mentions the press strip handle 5 on one side separately respectively, be covered in the position needing stationary positioned, and to be stretched softening low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1 by the press strip 2 that is relatively fixed, in the fixing tenon 20 fixing fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches 3 put in place on fixed mount, patient lies low in the treatment tank 35 of " U " shape, operation technician two people cooperation is carried out jointly, Tenon stagewise body film is immersed the thermostatic water tank of 60 ~ 70 degrees Celsius, after fully softening, everyone mentions the film bar handle 5 on one side separately respectively, be covered in the position needing stationary positioned, and to be stretched softening low temperature thermo-plastic planking 1 by relative film bar 2, in the fixing tenon 20 film fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches 3 put in place on fixed mount.Because thin circular cone structure is slightly pushed up at fixing tenon 20 end, can make to combine both are linearly fastening, multi-turn tenon stricture of vagina 27 structure can keep fixation clip static.Then inserted by expanding petal 10 in swell latches structure 101 in latch hole 12 corresponding on supporting fixed mount, put in place backward lower pressing bolt cap 7, and body fixed position fixedly completes.First locking completes.
Bis-Walk: second locking.Upset both sides totally two cylinder briquettings 58, are upwards rotated by cylinder axis 60, and compress stricture of vagina 57 and contact with each other and locking with film bar (fixed object), object structure will be stopped by cylinder briquetting 58 and be locked in wherein.Compress stricture of vagina 57 pairs of film bars generation pressure owing to forcing due to the bias design of cylinder briquetting 58, be then finally fastened and fixed, second locking completes.
Treat that the low temperature thermo-plastic planking aftershaping that hardens completes.Follow-up formal therapy is according to the low temperature thermo-plastic planking of molding, and fixing means is consistent.
embodiment 3radiotherapy body supporting body film limbs are fixed to be compared see table 1 with other fixed forms, and result is see table 1.

Claims (5)

1. a cylinder limbs fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount, is characterized in that, be made up of the fixed fixed mount of cylinder limbs and Tenon limbs fixed body film two parts, the fixed fixed mount of cylinder limbsby fixing cell wall (19), fixed base plate (25), base plate slope (34), treatment tank (35), base plate locating hole (37), base plate hollow bulb (38), bottom plate combined locating hole (39), swell latches pore structure (105) and 10 tool column type locking structures (109) are formed, fixed base plate (25) is that a block length is square, central authorities' hollow out is designed with base plate hollow bulb (38), the long edge in both sides is respectively connected with 5 tool column type locking structures (109), between be connected to form two fixing cell walls (19) and four cylinder briquettings (58) of strip, article two, the fixing cell wall (19) of strip and the treatment tank (35) of fixed base plate (25) formation " U " shape, fixed base plate (25) both sides shorter edge is respectively connected with base plate slope (34), fixed base plate (25) upper shed near base plate slope (34) has base plate locating hole (37) and bottom plate combined locating hole (39), fixed base plate (25) short edge is designed with swell latches pore structure (105) between base plate locating hole (37) and bottom plate combined locating hole (39), wherein column type locking structure (109)by fixing cell wall (19), fixing tenon (20), fixed base plate (25), tenon stricture of vagina (27), compress stricture of vagina (57), cylinder briquetting (58), joint pin (59), cylinder axis (60), cylindrical base (61), cylinder spanner (62) and cylinder leave a blank (63) form, fixing cell wall (19) is the sphenoid of a upper-thin-lower-thick, it is vertically connected at an edge of fixed base plate (25), another marginal center of fixed base plate (25) is connected with cylindrical base (61), one end dissociative and centre are run through cylinder axis (60), the two ends of cylinder axis (60) are connected with cylinder briquetting (58), be connected with the cylinder spanner (62) of outer rim is static by joint pin (59) between two cylinder briquettings (58), centre is left cylinder and is left a blank (63), the fixing tenon (20) that corresponding with it is on fixing cell wall (19), fixing tenon (20) is designed to the end and slightly pushes up thin circular cone structure, realize linearly fastening, its surface distributed has the tenon stricture of vagina (27) of a circle circle, the outer of cylinder briquetting (58) and fixing cell wall (19) are designed with near place and compress stricture of vagina (57), swell latches pore structure (105)locate recessed (18) by expansion hole (12), plug housing (13) and latch to form, be positioned between the base plate locating hole (37) of fixed base plate (25) shorter edge and bottom plate combined locating hole (39) holes, the plug housing (13) of cuboid to be embedded in fixed base plate (25) and to flush with fixed base plate (25), it has two expansion holes (12) of running through holostrome, expansion hole (12) Dong Bi lower end is designed with latch location recessed (18) of a ring shape, matches with corresponding convex (11), the fixed body film of Tenon limbsby low temperature thermo-plastic planking (1), film bar (2), the film fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches (3), film bar Positioning bean (4), film bar handle (5) and swell latches structure (101) are formed, low temperature thermo-plastic planking (1) is a rectangle, its two longer edges are connected with the long limit of film bar (2), the minor face of film bar (2) flushes with the minor face of low temperature thermo-plastic planking (1), the two ends on every root film bar (2) surface, centre is equally spaced five and runs through the film fourth of the twelve Earthly Branches (3) of holostrome, fit mutually with fixing tenon (20), between five film fourths of the twelve Earthly Branches (3) are respective, equidistant design has four film bar Positioning beans (4), the edge that film bar (2) is connected with low temperature thermo-plastic planking (1) is designed with two film bars and shakes hands (5), low temperature thermo-plastic planking 91) be designed with swell latches structure (101) in the middle part of the shorter edge of side, wherein swell latches structure (101)by low temperature thermo-plastic planking (1), latch cap (7), latch post (8), latch press strip (9), expanding petal (10), latch convex (11), expansion hole (12), plug housing (13), pin bushing (14), expanded spheres (15), lobe ditch (16), ball stricture of vagina (17) and latch location recessed (18) are formed, low temperature thermo-plastic planking (1) is embedded in the middle of latch press strip (9), two pin bushings (14) are through on latch press strip (9), one end dissociative, the other end is flexible coupling in four expanding petals (10), four expanding petals (10) are designed to the wedge shape of upper-thin-lower-thick, expanding petal (10) medial wall is distributed with lobe ditch (16), lateral wall hypomere is designed with latch convex (11), in pin bushing (14), traveling has latch post (8) respectively, latch post (8) one end is connected with latch cap (7), the other end is connected to expanded spheres (15), expanded spheres (15) is designed with ball stricture of vagina (17), with latch lobe (10) in pairs with the use of be plug housing (13), it is designed with expansion hole (12), expansion hole (12) lower end, medial wall is designed with latch location recessed (18).
2. a kind of cylinder limbs according to claim 1 fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount, it is characterized in that, the two ends of cylinder axis (60) are flexibly connected with cylinder briquetting (58).
3. a kind of cylinder limbs according to claim 1 fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount, is characterized in that, fastening for film bar (2) of bar Positioning bean (4).
4. a kind of cylinder limbs according to claim 1 fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount, is characterized in that, expanded spheres (15) realizes freely up and down movable in the barreled space surrounded four expanding petals (10).
5. the application of cylinder limbs according to claim 1 fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount in preparation radiotherapy localization fixture.
CN201510216126.7A 2015-05-01 2015-05-01 Cylindrical limb fixing type radiation treatment body part positioning hollow fixing frame Active CN104815393B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107335152A (en) * 2016-04-28 2017-11-10 上海市第人民医院 Radiotherapy body template cone bayonet lock
CN109731239A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-05-10 中国人民解放军总医院 Positioning device for chest radiotherapy
CN110496323A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-11-26 深圳市腾飞宇科技有限公司 A kind of positioning and fixing device of radiotherapy

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CN200963439Y (en) * 2006-10-30 2007-10-24 郭永革 Integrated radiotherapy location rack
CN201978353U (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-09-21 李兴才 Fixing device for head radiotherapy
CN203436700U (en) * 2013-08-31 2014-02-19 常威 Tumor radiation treatment frame
CN204637319U (en) * 2015-05-01 2015-09-16 浙江省肿瘤医院 Cylinder limbs fixed radiotherapy body location hollow fixed mount

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040059177A1 (en) * 2002-06-17 2004-03-25 Dimos Baltas Template-assembly for effecting radiation treatment in an animal body
CN200963439Y (en) * 2006-10-30 2007-10-24 郭永革 Integrated radiotherapy location rack
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CN107335152A (en) * 2016-04-28 2017-11-10 上海市第人民医院 Radiotherapy body template cone bayonet lock
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