CN104813973A - Quantified blanking apparatus and bait casting machine employing same - Google Patents

Quantified blanking apparatus and bait casting machine employing same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104813973A
CN104813973A CN201510182389.0A CN201510182389A CN104813973A CN 104813973 A CN104813973 A CN 104813973A CN 201510182389 A CN201510182389 A CN 201510182389A CN 104813973 A CN104813973 A CN 104813973A
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China
Prior art keywords
barrel
pin
control gate
electric capacity
motor drive
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CN201510182389.0A
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CN104813973B (en
Inventor
张林伟
胡海刚
张刚
董凯
尹兵宽
王龙飞
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Shanghai Qingmiao Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.
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Ningbo University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a quantified blanking apparatus and a bait casting machine employing same. The quantified blanking apparatus comprises a first material canister, a second material canister, a first control gate and a second control gate, wherein the first material canister and the second material canister are coaxially arranged, the first control gate closes or opens the opening in the first material canister, the second control gate closes or opens the opening in the second material canister, and the axial relative position of the first material canister and the second material canister are adjustable. The blanking volume is determined according to the proportion of different baits. The axial positions of the first material canister and the second material canister are adjusted to change the volumes of the material canisters for receiving baits and to match with the blanking mass. The adjusting scope of bait blanking volume is large. The quantified blanking apparatus and the bait casting machine are easy to operate, and the blanking quantity can be accurately measured in gram. The automatic level and blanking precision of fishery facilities are improved, the labor intensity is lowered, the utilization rate of baits is improved, and the influence of artificial factors on culture effect is minimized.

Description

A kind of quantitative discharging device and use the device for feeding fish bait of this quantitative discharging device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of blanking device, especially relate to a kind of quantitative discharging device and use the device for feeding fish bait of this quantitative discharging device.
Background technology
Input feed is an important process in aquaculture process.The mode mainly artificial spreading of traditional input feed, artificial spreading mode can only rely on manually rows the boat to carry out manual spreading, labour intensity is high and efficiency is low, and the uniformity that bait is thrown in is poor, bait utilization is not high, residual bait can increase the weight of the pollution to water quality, and then increases aquaculture cost.At present, artificial spreading mode is used Autoamtic bait putting machine gradually and carries out the device for feeding fish bait feeding mode that feed throws in automatically and replace.
The patent No. is that the Chinese patent of ZL200710054442.4 discloses a kind of automatic quantitative bait casting machine, and this automatic quantitative bait casting machine comprises controller, base, the storage bin hopper above base and the quantitative discharging device between base and storage bin hopper; Base is provided with chute, quantitative discharging device comprises can along the quantitative slide plate of slide and the linear moving mechanism (leading screw comprising motor and be connected with motor) driving quantitative slide plate slides, quantitative slide plate is arranged at intervals with multirow dosing hole, at when filling with substance, the bottom of multirow dosing hole is closed by base, and the feed in storage bin hopper falls in multirow dosing hole and completes charging; When feeding intake, automatic quantitative bait casting machine moves, when arrival first feeds intake position, controller drives linear moving mechanism, linear moving mechanism drives quantitative slide plate slides to be separated to the bottom of the first row dosing hole with base, feed in the first row dosing hole falls under gravity and feeds intake, when arrival second feeds intake position, linear moving mechanism drives the bottom of quantitative slide plate slides to the second row dosing hole to be separated with base, feed in second row dosing hole falls under gravity and feeds intake, by that analogy, automatic charging is realized.
But there is following problem in above-mentioned quantitative discharging device: each time feeding volume number realized by the quantity in adjustment quantitative hole, each forage volume thrown in can only be the integral multiple of dosing hole, and the adjustable scope of bait injected volume is less; In addition, feed intake is all use a line dosing hole at every turn simultaneously, if when a line dosing hole does not need to use completely, also needs artificial by clogging for the dosing hole had more, operates cumbersome.
Summary of the invention
It is comparatively large that one of technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of bait injected volume adjustable extent, quantitative discharging device simple to operate.
The present invention one of to solve the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme adopted: a kind of quantitative discharging device, comprises the first barrel, the second barrel, the first control gate and the second control gate; The first described barrel and the second described barrel are the cylindrical structure of upper and lower opening, and the first described barrel and the second described barrel are coaxially arranged; The external diameter of the first described barrel is less than the internal diameter of the second described barrel, and the height of the first described barrel is greater than the height of the second described barrel; The bottom of the first described barrel to be stretched in the second described barrel and can be moved up and down relative to the second described barrel, the lower outside of the first described barrel stretches out and is provided with the first flange of annular, the lower surface of the first described flange is concordant with the lower surface of the first described barrel, and the lateral surface of the first described flange and the medial surface of the second described barrel are fitted; The upper inner of the second described barrel extends internally and is provided with the second flange of annular, and the upper surface of the second described flange is concordant with the upper surface of the second described barrel, and the lateral surface of the first described barrel and the medial surface of the second described flange are fitted; The first described control gate is used for the upper shed of the first described barrel being closed and opening, and the second described control gate is used for being closed by the under shed of the second described barrel and opening.
The front end face of the first described control gate is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface of the junction of the front end face of the first described control gate and the upper surface of the first described control gate and the front end face of the first described control gate and the first described control gate, the front end face of the second described control gate is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface of the junction of the front end face of the second described control gate and the upper surface of the second described control gate and the front end face of the second described control gate and the second described control gate.This structure can avoid the first control gate and the second control gate to be squeezed by bait broken in moving process, ensures the integrality of bait, improves the availability of bait.
Described quantitative discharging device also comprises for driving the first driving mechanism of the first described control gate and for driving the second driving mechanism of the second described control gate, the first described driving mechanism comprises the first motor, the first screw mandrel, the first feed screw nut and the first shaft coupling, the output shaft of the first described motor is connected by the first described shaft coupling with the first described screw mandrel, the first described screw mandrel is connected with the first described feed screw nut, and the first described feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the first described control gate; The second described driving mechanism comprises the second motor, the second screw mandrel, the second feed screw nut and the second shaft coupling, the output shaft of the second described motor is connected by the second described shaft coupling with the second described screw mandrel, the second described screw mandrel is connected with the second described feed screw nut, and the second described feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the second described control gate.This structure is by automatic operation first control gate and the second control gate, realize the first barrel upper shed close and open and the second barrel under shed close and open, on the basis of increasing work efficiency, ensure the rectilinear movement of the first control gate and the second control gate, avoid squeezing broken bait in the first control gate and the second control gate moving process, the integrality of further guarantee bait, improves the availability of bait.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of quantitative discharging device of the present invention is the first barrel, second barrel first control gate and the second control gate are combined to hold bait, first barrel and the second barrel are in the relative position adjustable of axis, according to the proportion of different bait, and then determine the volume of blanking, to adjust the volume that can hold bait in it in the position of axis by changing the first barrel and the second barrel the quality of itself and blanking is matched, the adjustable scope of bait injected volume is larger, simple to operate, and each discharge quantity can be as accurate as gram, improve the gentle cutting stock precision of Automated water of fishery facilities, reduce labour intensity, improve the availability of bait, reduce human factor to the impact of culture efficiency.
It is comparatively large that two of technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide the adjustable scope of a kind of bait injected volume, the device for feeding fish bait of use quantitative discharging device simple to operate.
Two technical schemes adopted that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above are: a kind of device for feeding fish bait using quantitative discharging device, comprise support, storage bin hopper, hopper, quantitative discharging device and controller, described storage bin hopper is arranged on above described support, the discharging opening of described storage bin hopper is connected with the charging aperture of described hopper, and described quantitative discharging device comprises the first barrel, the second barrel, the first control gate and the second control gate; The first described barrel and the second described barrel are the cylindrical structure of upper and lower opening, and the first described barrel and the second described barrel are coaxially arranged; The external diameter of the first described barrel is less than the internal diameter of the second described barrel, and the height of the first described barrel is greater than the height of the second described barrel; The bottom of the first described barrel to be stretched in the second described barrel and can be moved up and down relative to the second described barrel, the lower outside of the first described barrel stretches out and is provided with the first flange of annular, the lower surface of the first described flange is concordant with the lower surface of the first described barrel, and the lateral surface of the first described flange and the medial surface of the second described barrel are fitted; The upper inner of the second described barrel extends internally and is provided with the second flange of annular, and the upper surface of the second described flange is concordant with the upper surface of the second described barrel, and the lateral surface of the first described barrel and the medial surface of the second described flange are fitted; The first described control gate is used for the upper shed of the first described barrel being closed and opening, and the second described control gate is used for being closed by the under shed of the second described barrel and opening; The first described control gate is connected respectively at described controller with the second described control gate, and the discharging opening of described hopper is positioned at directly over the upper shed of the first described barrel.
The front end face of the first described control gate is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface of the junction of the front end face of the first described control gate and the upper surface of the first described control gate and the front end face of the first described control gate and the first described control gate, the front end face of the second described control gate is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface of the junction of the front end face of the second described control gate and the upper surface of the second described control gate and the front end face of the second described control gate and the second described control gate.This structure can avoid the first control gate and the second control gate to be squeezed by bait broken in moving process, ensures the integrality of bait, improves the availability of bait.
Described quantitative discharging device also comprises elevating mechanism, for driving the first driving mechanism of the first described control gate and for driving the second driving mechanism of the second described control gate, the first described driving mechanism comprises the first motor, the first screw mandrel, the first feed screw nut and the first shaft coupling, the output shaft of the first described motor is connected by the first described shaft coupling with the first described screw mandrel, the first described screw mandrel is connected with the first described feed screw nut, and the first described feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the first described control gate, the second described driving mechanism comprises the second motor, second screw mandrel, second feed screw nut and the second shaft coupling, the output shaft of the second described motor is connected by the second described shaft coupling with the second described screw mandrel, the second described screw mandrel is connected with the second described feed screw nut, the second described feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the second described control gate, the first described motor is all connected with described controller with the second described motor, the first described motor is arranged on described support, described device for feeding fish bait also comprises elevating mechanism, described elevating mechanism moves up and down for driving the second described barrel, described elevating mechanism comprises the 3rd motor, lifting platform and the slide rail be arranged on described support, the 3rd described motor moves up and down along described slide rail for driving described lifting platform, the second described motor and the second described barrel are arranged on described lifting platform respectively.This structure is by automatic operation first control gate and the second control gate, realize the first barrel upper shed close and open and the second barrel under shed close and open, on the basis of increasing work efficiency, ensure the rectilinear movement of the first control gate and the second control gate, avoid squeezing broken bait in the first control gate and the second control gate moving process, the integrality of further guarantee bait, improves the availability of bait; Elevating mechanism ensures that the second barrel moves linearly vertically simultaneously, avoids the first barrel and the second barrel to misplace stuck.
Described controller comprises Voltage stabilizing module, control module, three infrared detection modules that three motor drive modules that circuit structure is identical are identical with circuit structure, three motor drive modules are respectively the first motor drive module, second motor drive module and the 3rd motor drive module, three infrared detection modules are respectively the first infrared detection module for detecting the first described control gate position, for detecting the second infrared detection module of the second described control gate position and the 3rd infrared detection module for detecting described lifting platform position, described Voltage stabilizing module respectively with described control module, the first described motor drive module, the second described motor drive module, the 3rd described motor drive module, the first described infrared detection module, the second described infrared detection module and the 3rd described infrared detection model calling, the first described infrared detection module, the second described infrared detection module is connected with described control module respectively with the 3rd described infrared detection module, described control module respectively with the first described motor drive module, the second described motor drive module is connected with the 3rd described motor drive module, the first described motor drive module is connected with the first described motor, the second described motor drive module is connected with the second described motor, the 3rd described motor drive module is connected with the 3rd described motor.This structure detects the position of the first control gate by three infrared detection modules, the position of the second control gate and the position of lifting platform also send to control module, control module controls the first motor drive module according to whether feeding intake and the second motor drive module drives the first motor and the second machine operation, and send to the 3rd motor drive module according to the volume requirement generation control signal of bait blanking, 3rd motor drive module drives the 3rd motor removing to adjust the position of lifting platform, thus the position of adjustment the second barrel, realize the adjustment of bait discharge quantity, circuit structure is simple, automaticity is high, precision is higher.
Described Voltage stabilizing module comprises the voltage stabilizing chip that model is 7805, first switch, first electric capacity, second electric capacity, 3rd electric capacity and the 4th electric capacity, 1st pin of described voltage stabilizing chip, one end of the first described electric capacity, one end of the second described electric capacity is connected with one end of the first described switch, the other end access external power source of the first described switch, external power source provides 12V DC voltage, 3rd pin of described voltage-stabilized power supply, one end of the 3rd described electric capacity is connected with one end of the 4th described electric capacity and its link is the output of described Voltage stabilizing module, 2nd pin of described voltage stabilizing chip, the other end of the first described electric capacity, the other end of the second described electric capacity, the other end of the 3rd described electric capacity and the equal ground connection of the other end of the 4th described electric capacity, described control module comprises control chip, second switch, the 3rd switch, the first resistance, the second resistance, the 3rd resistance, the 4th resistance, the 5th resistance, the 6th resistance, the 7th resistance, the 5th electric capacity, the 6th electric capacity, the 7th electric capacity, crystal oscillator, triode, the first diode and the loudspeaker that model is STC12C5A60S2, the first described diode is photodiode, 1st pin of described control chip, one end of the first described resistance are connected with one end of the second described resistance, and the other end of the first described resistance, described one end of the 5th resistance, the colelctor electrode of described triode are all connected with the output of described Voltage stabilizing module with the 40th pin of described control chip, the other end of the second described resistance is by described second switch ground connection, 2nd pin of described control chip is connected with one end of the 3rd described resistance, the other end of the 3rd described resistance is connected with the base stage of described triode, the emitter stage of described triode is connected with one end of the 4th described resistance, the other end of the 4th described resistance is connected with one end of described loudspeaker, the other end ground connection of described loudspeaker, one end of 9th pin of described control chip, the other end of the 5th described resistance, the 6th described resistance is connected with one end of the 5th described electric capacity, the other end of the 6th described resistance passes through the 3rd described switch ground connection, the other end ground connection of the 5th described electric capacity, 18th pin of described control chip, one end of the 6th described electric capacity are connected with one end of described crystal oscillator, the other end, one end of the 7th described electric capacity of described crystal oscillator are connected with the 19th pin of described control chip, and the other end, the other end of the 7th described electric capacity of the 6th described electric capacity are connected and its link ground connection with the 20th pin of described control chip, 27th pin of described control chip is connected with one end of the 7th described resistance, and the other end of the 7th described resistance is connected with the positive pole of the first described diode, the minus earth of the first described diode, described motor drive module comprises motor drive ic, the second diode, the 3rd diode, the 4th diode, the 5th diode, the 6th diode, the 7th diode, the 8th diode, the 9th diode, the 8th electric capacity, the 9th electric capacity and the tenth electric capacity that model is L298, 5th pin of described motor drive ic, 6th pin, 7th pin, 10th pin, 11st pin and the 12nd pin are six inputs of described motor drive module, 8th pin ground connection of described motor drive ic, 9th pin of described motor drive ic is connected with one end of the 8th described electric capacity and its link is connected with the output of described Voltage stabilizing module, the other end ground connection of the 8th described electric capacity, the 4th pin of described motor drive ic, the negative pole of the second described diode, the negative pole of the 3rd described diode, the negative pole of the 4th described diode, the negative pole of the 5th described diode, one end of the 9th described electric capacity is connected with one end of the tenth described electric capacity and its link access 12V DC voltage, the positive pole of the second described diode, the negative pole of the 6th described diode is connected with the 2nd pin of described motor drive ic and its link is the first output of described motor drive module, the positive pole of the 3rd described diode, the negative pole of the 7th described diode is connected with the 3rd pin of described motor drive ic and its link is the second output of motor drive module, the positive pole of the 4th described diode, the negative pole of the 8th described diode is connected with the 13rd pin of described motor drive ic and its link is the 3rd output of described motor drive module, the positive pole of the 5th described diode, the negative pole of the 9th described diode is connected with the 14th pin of described motor drive ic and its link is the 4th output of described motor drive module, the other end of the 9th described electric capacity, the other end of the tenth described electric capacity, the positive pole of the 6th described diode, the positive pole of the 7th described diode, the positive pole of the 8th described diode, the positive pole of the 9th described diode, 1st pin of described motor drive ic and the equal ground connection of the 15th pin, described infrared detection module comprises the infrared receiver probe that model is HS0038, 8th resistance, 9th resistance, tenth resistance, tenth diode, 11 electric capacity and the 12 electric capacity, one end of the 8th described resistance, one end of the 9th described resistance is connected with one end of the tenth described resistance and its link is connected with the output of described Voltage stabilizing module, the other end of the 8th described resistance is connected with the positive pole of the tenth described diode, the negative pole of the tenth described diode, the other end of the tenth described resistance is connected with the 1st pin of described infrared receiver probe and its link is the output of described infrared detection module, the other end of the 9th described resistance, one end of the 11 described electric capacity, one end of the 12 described electric capacity, the other end of the 11 described electric capacity, the other end of the 12 described electric capacity, 2nd pin of described infrared probe is connected and its link ground connection with the 3rd pin of described infrared probe, six inputs of the first described motor drive module and the 21st pin of described control chip ~ the 26th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the first described motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the first described motor with the 4th output, six inputs of the second described motor drive module and the 32nd pin of described control chip ~ the 37th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the second described motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the second described motor with the 4th output, six inputs of the 3rd described motor drive module and the 6th pin of described control chip, the 7th pin, the 8th pin, the 16th pin, the 17th pin and the 38th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the 3rd described motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the 3rd described motor with the 4th output, the output of the first described infrared detection module is connected with the 3rd pin of described control chip, the output of the second described infrared detection module is connected with the 4th pin of described control chip, and the output of the 3rd described infrared detection module is connected with the 5th pin of described control chip.
Being provided with described storage bin hopper interior separation in described storage bin hopper is the two-part dividing plate in left and right.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of device for feeding fish bait of the present invention is that in device for feeding fish bait, quantitative discharging device adopts the first barrel, second barrel, first control gate and the second control gate are combined to hold bait, first barrel and the second barrel are in the relative position adjustable of axis, according to the proportion of different bait, and then determine the volume of blanking, to adjust the volume that can hold bait in it in the position of axis by changing the first barrel and the second barrel the quality of itself and blanking is matched, in device for feeding fish bait, the adjustable scope of bait injected volume is larger thus, simple to operate, and each discharge quantity can be as accurate as gram, improve the gentle cutting stock precision of Automated water of fishery facilities, reduce labour intensity, improve the availability of bait, reduce human factor to the impact of culture efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the combination assumption diagram of the first barrel of the present invention and the second barrel;
Schematic diagram before the charging that Fig. 2 (a) is quantitative discharging device of the present invention;
Schematic diagram in the charging process that Fig. 2 (b) is quantitative discharging device of the present invention;
Schematic diagram after the charging that Fig. 2 (c) is quantitative discharging device of the present invention completes;
Schematic diagram in the blanking process that Fig. 2 (d) is quantitative discharging device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of device for feeding fish bait of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the circuit diagram of the Voltage stabilizing module of device for feeding fish bait middle controller of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the circuit diagram of the control module of device for feeding fish bait middle controller of the present invention;
The circuit diagram of the motor drive module of Fig. 6 position device for feeding fish bait middle controller of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the circuit diagram of the infrared detection module of device for feeding fish bait middle controller of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, quantitative discharging device of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment: as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 shown in (a)-Fig. 2 (d), a kind of quantitative discharging device, comprises the first barrel 1, second barrel 2, first control gate 3 and the second control gate 4; First barrel 1 and the second barrel 2 are the cylindrical structure of upper and lower opening, and the first barrel 1 and the second barrel 2 are coaxially arranged; The external diameter of the first barrel 1 is less than the internal diameter of the second barrel 2, and the height of the first barrel 1 is greater than the height of the second barrel 2; The bottom of the first barrel 1 to be stretched in the second barrel 2 and can be moved up and down relative to the second barrel 2, the lower outside of the first barrel 1 stretches out and is provided with the first flange 11 of annular, the lower surface of the first flange 11 is concordant with the lower surface of the first barrel 1, and the lateral surface of the first flange 11 and the medial surface of the second barrel 2 are fitted; The extend internally upper surface of the second flange 21, second flange 21 being provided with annular of the upper inner of the second barrel 2 is concordant with the upper surface of the second barrel 2, and the lateral surface of the first barrel 1 and the medial surface of the second flange 21 are fitted; First control gate 3 is for closing the upper shed of the first barrel 1 and opening, and the second control gate 4 is for closing the under shed of the second barrel 2 and opening.
In the present embodiment, the front end face 31 of the first control gate 3 is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface 33 of the junction of the front end face 31 of the first control gate 3 and the upper surface 32 of the first control gate 3 and the front end face 31 of the first control gate 3 and the first control gate 3, the front end face 41 of the second control gate 4 is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface 43 of the junction of the front end face 41 of the second control gate 4 and the upper surface 42 of the second control gate 4 and the front end face 41 of the second control gate 4 and the second control gate 4.
In the present embodiment, quantitative discharging device also comprises for driving the first driving mechanism of the first control gate 3 and for driving the second driving mechanism of the second control gate 4, first driving mechanism comprises the first motor, the first screw mandrel, the first feed screw nut and the first shaft coupling, the output shaft of the first motor is connected by the first shaft coupling with the first screw mandrel, first screw mandrel is connected with the first feed screw nut, and the first feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the first control gate 3; Second driving mechanism comprises the second motor, the second screw mandrel, the second feed screw nut and the second shaft coupling, the output shaft of the second motor is connected by the second shaft coupling with the second screw mandrel, second screw mandrel is connected with the second feed screw nut, and the second feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the second control gate 4.
The operation principle of the quantitative discharging device of the present embodiment is: the quality first determining blanking, the volume of the blanking then corresponding to the quality of the proportion determination blanking of bait, the relative position of the first barrel 1 and the second barrel 2 axis is adjusted according to the volume of blanking, the volume of the bait making it hold and the quality of blanking match, then the second driving mechanism drives the second control gate 4 to move linearly to be closed by the second barrel 2 under shed, bait is loaded in the first barrel 1 and the second barrel 2 from the upper shed of the first barrel 1, after having feeded, first driving mechanism drives the first control gate 3 to move linearly and the upper shed of the first barrel 1 to be closed, after quantitative discharging device moves to the place that feeds intake, second driving mechanism drives the second control gate 4 to move linearly and to be opened by the second barrel 2 under shed, bait in first barrel 1 and the second barrel 2 falls realization and feeds intake.
The present invention also discloses a kind of device for feeding fish bait using above-mentioned quantitative discharging device, is described in further detail device for feeding fish bait of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment.
Embodiment: as shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, a kind of device for feeding fish bait using above-mentioned quantitative discharging device, comprise support 5, storage bin hopper 6, hopper 7, quantitative discharging device and controller, storage bin hopper 6 is arranged on above support 5, the discharging opening of storage bin hopper 6 is connected with the charging aperture of hopper 7, and quantitative discharging device comprises the first barrel 1, second barrel 2, first control gate 3 and the second control gate 4; First barrel 1 and the second barrel 2 are the cylindrical structure of upper and lower opening, and the first barrel 1 and the second barrel 2 are coaxially arranged; The external diameter of the first barrel 1 is less than the internal diameter of the second barrel 2, and the height of the first barrel 1 is greater than the height of the second barrel 2; The bottom of the first barrel 1 to be stretched in the second barrel 2 and can be moved up and down relative to the second barrel 2, the lower outside of the first barrel 1 stretches out and is provided with the first flange 11 of annular, the lower surface of the first flange 11 is concordant with the lower surface of the first barrel 1, and the lateral surface of the first flange 11 and the medial surface of the second barrel 2 are fitted; The extend internally upper surface of the second flange 21, second flange 21 being provided with annular of the upper inner of the second barrel 2 is concordant with the upper surface of the second barrel 2, and the lateral surface of the first barrel 1 and the medial surface of the second flange 21 are fitted; First control gate 3 is for closing the upper shed of the first barrel 1 and opening, and the second control gate 4 is for closing the under shed of the second barrel 2 and opening; First control gate 3 is connected respectively at controller with the second control gate 4, and the discharging opening of hopper 7 is positioned at directly over the upper shed of the first barrel 1.
In the present embodiment, the front end face 31 of the first control gate 3 is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface 33 of the junction of the front end face 31 of the first control gate 3 and the upper surface 32 of the first control gate 3 and the front end face 31 of the first control gate 3 and the first control gate 3, the front end face 41 of the second control gate 4 is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface 43 of the junction of the front end face 41 of the second control gate 4 and the upper surface 42 of the second control gate 4 and the front end face 41 of the second control gate 4 and the second control gate 4.
In the present embodiment, quantitative discharging device also comprises elevating mechanism 8, for driving the first driving mechanism 9 of the first control gate 3 and for driving the second driving mechanism 10 of the second control gate 4, first driving mechanism 9 comprises the first motor 91, first screw mandrel 92, first feed screw nut 93 and the first shaft coupling, the output shaft of the first motor 91 is connected by the first shaft coupling with the first screw mandrel 92, first screw mandrel 92 is connected with the first feed screw nut 93, and the first feed screw nut 93 is fixedly mounted on the first control gate 3, second driving mechanism 10 comprises the second motor 101, second screw mandrel 102, second feed screw nut 103 and the second shaft coupling, the output shaft of the second motor 101 is connected by the second shaft coupling with the second screw mandrel 102, second screw mandrel 102 is connected with the second feed screw nut 103, second feed screw nut 103 is fixedly mounted on the second control gate 4, first motor 91 is all connected with controller with the second motor 101, first motor 91 is arranged on support 5, device for feeding fish bait also comprises elevating mechanism 8, elevating mechanism 8 moves up and down for driving the second barrel 2, elevating mechanism 8 comprises the 3rd motor 81, lifting platform 82 and the slide rail 83 be arranged on support 5, 3rd motor 81 moves up and down along slide rail 83 for driving lifting platform 82, second motor 101 and the second barrel 2 are arranged on lifting platform 82 respectively.
In the present embodiment, controller comprises Voltage stabilizing module, control module, three infrared detection modules that three motor drive modules that circuit structure is identical are identical with circuit structure, three motor drive modules are respectively the first motor drive module, second motor drive module and the 3rd motor drive module, three infrared detection modules are respectively the first infrared detection module for detecting the first control gate 3 position, for detecting the second infrared detection module of the second control gate 4 position and the 3rd infrared detection module for detecting lifting platform 82 position, Voltage stabilizing module respectively with control module, first motor drive module, second motor drive module, 3rd motor drive module, first infrared detection module, second infrared detection module and the 3rd infrared detection model calling, first infrared detection module, second infrared detection module is connected with control module respectively with the 3rd infrared detection module, control module respectively with the first motor drive module, second motor drive module is connected with the 3rd motor drive module, first motor drive module is connected with the first motor 91, second motor drive module is connected with the second motor 101, 3rd motor drive module is connected with the 3rd motor 81.
As shown in Figure 4, Voltage stabilizing module comprises the voltage stabilizing chip U1 that model is 7805, first switch S 1, first electric capacity C1, second electric capacity C2, 3rd electric capacity C3 and the 4th electric capacity C4, 1st pin of voltage stabilizing chip U1, one end of first electric capacity C1, one end of second electric capacity C2 is connected with one end of the first switch S 1, the other end access external power source of the first switch S 1, external power source provides 12V DC voltage, 3rd pin of voltage-stabilized power supply, one end of 3rd electric capacity C3 is connected with one end of the 4th electric capacity C4 and its link is the output of Voltage stabilizing module, the output output voltage VCC of Voltage stabilizing module, 2nd pin of voltage stabilizing chip U1, the other end of the first electric capacity C1, the other end of the second electric capacity C2, the other end of the 3rd electric capacity C3 and the equal ground connection of the other end of the 4th electric capacity C4.
As shown in Figure 5, control module comprises control chip U2, second switch S2 that model is STC12C5A60S2, the 3rd switch S 3, first resistance R1, the second resistance R2, the 3rd resistance R3, the 4th resistance R4, the 5th resistance R5, the 6th resistance R6, the 7th resistance R7, the 5th electric capacity C5, the 6th electric capacity C6, the 7th electric capacity C7, crystal oscillator Y1, triode Q1, the first diode D1 and loudspeaker LS1; First diode D1 is photodiode, 1st pin of control chip U2, one end of the first resistance R1 are connected with one end of the second resistance R2, and the other end of the first resistance R1, one end of the 5th resistance R5, the colelctor electrode of triode Q1 are all connected with the output of Voltage stabilizing module with the 40th pin of control chip U2; The other end of the second resistance R2 is by second switch S2 ground connection; 2nd pin of control chip U2 is connected with one end of the 3rd resistance R3, the other end of the 3rd resistance R3 is connected with the base stage of triode Q1, the emitter stage of triode Q1 is connected with one end of the 4th resistance R4, and the other end of the 4th resistance R4 is connected with one end of loudspeaker LS1, the other end ground connection of loudspeaker LS1; One end of 9th pin of control chip U2, the other end of the 5th resistance R5, the 6th resistance R6 is connected with one end of the 5th electric capacity C5, and the other end of the 6th resistance R6 passes through the 3rd switch S 3 ground connection, the other end ground connection of the 5th electric capacity C5; 18th pin of control chip U2, one end of the 6th electric capacity C6 are connected with one end of crystal oscillator Y1, the other end of crystal oscillator Y1, one end of the 7th electric capacity C7 are connected with the 19th pin of control chip U2, and the other end of the 6th electric capacity C6, the other end of the 7th electric capacity C7 are connected and its link ground connection with the 20th pin of control chip U2; 27th pin of control chip U2 is connected with one end of the 7th resistance R7, and the other end of the 7th resistance R7 is connected with the positive pole of the first diode D1, the minus earth of the first diode D1.
As shown in Figure 6, motor drive module comprises motor drive ic U3, the second diode D2, the 3rd diode D3, the 4th diode D4, the 5th diode D5, the 6th diode D6, the 7th diode D7, the 8th diode D8, the 9th diode D9, the 8th electric capacity C8, the 9th electric capacity C9 and the tenth electric capacity C10 that model is L298, 5th pin of motor drive ic U3, 6th pin, 7th pin, 10th pin, 11st pin and the 12nd pin are six inputs of motor drive module, the 8th pin ground connection of motor drive ic U3, 9th pin of motor drive ic U3 is connected with one end of the 8th electric capacity C8 and its link is connected with the output of Voltage stabilizing module, the other end ground connection of the 8th electric capacity C8, the 4th pin of motor drive ic U3, the negative pole of the second diode D2, the negative pole of the 3rd diode D3, the negative pole of the 4th diode D4, the negative pole of the 5th diode D5, one end of 9th electric capacity C9 is connected with one end of the tenth electric capacity C10 and its link access 12V DC voltage, the positive pole of the second diode D2, the negative pole of the 6th diode D6 is connected with the 2nd pin of motor drive ic U3 and its link is the first output of motor drive module, the positive pole of the 3rd diode D3, the negative pole of the 7th diode D7 is connected with the 3rd pin of motor drive ic U3 and its link is the second output of motor drive module, the positive pole of the 4th diode D4, the negative pole of the 8th diode D8 is connected with the 13rd pin of motor drive ic U3 and its link is the 3rd output of motor drive module, the positive pole of the 5th diode D5, the negative pole of the 9th diode D9 is connected with the 14th pin of motor drive ic U3 and its link is the 4th output of motor drive module, the other end of the 9th electric capacity C9, the other end of the tenth electric capacity C10, the positive pole of the 6th diode D6, the positive pole of the 7th diode D7, the positive pole of the 8th diode D8, the positive pole of the 9th diode D9, 1st pin of motor drive ic U3 and the equal ground connection of the 15th pin.
As shown in Figure 7, infrared detection module comprises the infrared receiver probe U4 that model is HS0038, 8th resistance R8, 9th resistance R9, tenth resistance R10, tenth diode D10, 11 electric capacity C11 and the 12 electric capacity C12, one end of 8th resistance R8, one end of 9th resistance R9 is connected with one end of the tenth resistance R10 and its link is connected with the output of Voltage stabilizing module, the other end of the 8th resistance R8 is connected with the positive pole of the tenth diode D10, the negative pole of the tenth diode D10, the other end of the tenth resistance R10 is connected with the 1st pin of infrared receiver probe U4 and its link is the output of infrared detection module, the other end of the 9th resistance R9, one end of 11 electric capacity C11, one end of 12 electric capacity C12 is connected with the 3rd pin of infrared receiver probe U4, the other end of the 11 electric capacity C11, the other end of the 12 electric capacity C12 is connected and its link ground connection with the 2nd pin of infrared receiver probe U4.
Six inputs of the first motor drive module and the 21st pin of control chip U2 ~ the 26th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the first motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the first motor 91 with the 4th output; Six inputs of the second motor drive module and the 32nd pin of control chip U2 ~ the 37th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the second motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the second motor 101 with the 4th output; Six inputs of the 3rd motor drive module and the 6th pin of control chip U2, the 7th pin, the 8th pin, the 16th pin, the 17th pin and the 38th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the 3rd motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the 3rd motor 81 with the 4th output; The output of the first infrared detection module is connected with the 3rd pin of control chip U2, and the output of the second infrared detection module is connected with the 4th pin of control chip U2, and the output of the 3rd infrared detection module is connected with the 5th pin of control chip U2.
In the present embodiment, being provided with storage bin hopper 6 interior separation in storage bin hopper 6 is the two-part dividing plate in left and right.

Claims (9)

1. a quantitative discharging device, is characterized in that comprising the first barrel, the second barrel, the first control gate and the second control gate; The first described barrel and the second described barrel are the cylindrical structure of upper and lower opening, and the first described barrel and the second described barrel are coaxially arranged; The external diameter of the first described barrel is less than the internal diameter of the second described barrel, and the height of the first described barrel is greater than the height of the second described barrel; The bottom of the first described barrel to be stretched in the second described barrel and can be moved up and down relative to the second described barrel, the lower outside of the first described barrel stretches out and is provided with the first flange of annular, the lower surface of the first described flange is concordant with the lower surface of the first described barrel, and the lateral surface of the first described flange and the medial surface of the second described barrel are fitted; The upper inner of the second described barrel extends internally and is provided with the second flange of annular, and the upper surface of the second described flange is concordant with the upper surface of the second described barrel, and the lateral surface of the first described barrel and the medial surface of the second described flange are fitted; The first described control gate is used for the upper shed of the first described barrel being closed and opening, and the second described control gate is used for being closed by the under shed of the second described barrel and opening.
2. a kind of quantitative discharging device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the front end face of the first described control gate is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface of the junction of the front end face of the first described control gate and the upper surface of the first described control gate and the front end face of the first described control gate and the first described control gate, the front end face of the second described control gate is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface of the junction of the front end face of the second described control gate and the upper surface of the second described control gate and the front end face of the second described control gate and the second described control gate.
3. a kind of quantitative discharging device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described quantitative discharging device also comprises for driving the first driving mechanism of the first described control gate and for driving the second driving mechanism of the second described control gate, the first described driving mechanism comprises the first motor, first screw mandrel, first feed screw nut and the first shaft coupling, the output shaft of the first described motor is connected by the first described shaft coupling with the first described screw mandrel, the first described screw mandrel is connected with the first described feed screw nut, the first described feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the first described control gate, the second described driving mechanism comprises the second motor, the second screw mandrel, the second feed screw nut and the second shaft coupling, the output shaft of the second described motor is connected by the second described shaft coupling with the second described screw mandrel, the second described screw mandrel is connected with the second described feed screw nut, and the second described feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the second described control gate.
4. one kind uses the device for feeding fish bait of a kind of quantitative discharging device described in claim 1, comprise support, storage bin hopper, hopper, quantitative discharging device and controller, described storage bin hopper is arranged on above described support, the discharging opening of described storage bin hopper is connected with the charging aperture of described hopper, it is characterized in that described quantitative discharging device comprises the first barrel, the second barrel, the first control gate and the second control gate; The first described barrel and the second described barrel are the cylindrical structure of upper and lower opening, and the first described barrel and the second described barrel are coaxially arranged; The external diameter of the first described barrel is less than the internal diameter of the second described barrel, and the height of the first described barrel is greater than the height of the second described barrel; The bottom of the first described barrel to be stretched in the second described barrel and can be moved up and down relative to the second described barrel, the lower outside of the first described barrel stretches out and is provided with the first flange of annular, the lower surface of the first described flange is concordant with the lower surface of the first described barrel, and the lateral surface of the first described flange and the medial surface of the second described barrel are fitted; The upper inner of the second described barrel extends internally and is provided with the second flange of annular, and the upper surface of the second described flange is concordant with the upper surface of the second described barrel, and the lateral surface of the first described barrel and the medial surface of the second described flange are fitted; The first described control gate is used for the upper shed of the first described barrel being closed and opening, and the second described control gate is used for being closed by the under shed of the second described barrel and opening; The first described control gate is connected respectively at described controller with the second described control gate, and the discharging opening of described hopper is positioned at directly over the upper shed of the first described barrel.
5. a kind of device for feeding fish bait according to claim 4, it is characterized in that the front end face of the first described control gate is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface of the junction of the front end face of the first described control gate and the upper surface of the first described control gate and the front end face of the first described control gate and the first described control gate, the front end face of the second described control gate is arc surface, the equal rounding in junction of the lower surface of the junction of the front end face of the second described control gate and the upper surface of the second described control gate and the front end face of the second described control gate and the second described control gate.
6. a kind of device for feeding fish bait according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described quantitative discharging device also comprises elevating mechanism, for driving the first driving mechanism of the first described control gate and for driving the second driving mechanism of the second described control gate, the first described driving mechanism comprises the first motor, first screw mandrel, first feed screw nut and the first shaft coupling, the output shaft of the first described motor is connected by the first described shaft coupling with the first described screw mandrel, the first described screw mandrel is connected with the first described feed screw nut, the first described feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the first described control gate, the second described driving mechanism comprises the second motor, second screw mandrel, second feed screw nut and the second shaft coupling, the output shaft of the second described motor is connected by the second described shaft coupling with the second described screw mandrel, the second described screw mandrel is connected with the second described feed screw nut, the second described feed screw nut is fixedly mounted on the second described control gate, the first described motor is all connected with described controller with the second described motor, the first described motor is arranged on described support, described device for feeding fish bait also comprises elevating mechanism, described elevating mechanism moves up and down for driving the second described barrel, described elevating mechanism comprises the 3rd motor, lifting platform and the slide rail be arranged on described support, the 3rd described motor moves up and down along described slide rail for driving described lifting platform, the second described motor and the second described barrel are arranged on described lifting platform respectively.
7. a kind of device for feeding fish bait according to claim 6, it is characterized in that described controller comprises Voltage stabilizing module, control module, three infrared detection modules that three motor drive modules that circuit structure is identical are identical with circuit structure, three motor drive modules are respectively the first motor drive module, second motor drive module and the 3rd motor drive module, three infrared detection modules are respectively the first infrared detection module for detecting the first described control gate position, for detecting the second infrared detection module of the second described control gate position and the 3rd infrared detection module for detecting described lifting platform position, described Voltage stabilizing module respectively with described control module, the first described motor drive module, the second described motor drive module, the 3rd described motor drive module, the first described infrared detection module, the second described infrared detection module and the 3rd described infrared detection model calling, the first described infrared detection module, the second described infrared detection module is connected with described control module respectively with the 3rd described infrared detection module, described control module respectively with the first described motor drive module, the second described motor drive module is connected with the 3rd described motor drive module, the first described motor drive module is connected with the first described motor, the second described motor drive module is connected with the second described motor, the 3rd described motor drive module is connected with the 3rd described motor.
8. a kind of device for feeding fish bait according to claim 7, it is characterized in that described Voltage stabilizing module comprises the voltage stabilizing chip that model is 7805, first switch, first electric capacity, second electric capacity, 3rd electric capacity and the 4th electric capacity, 1st pin of described voltage stabilizing chip, one end of the first described electric capacity, one end of the second described electric capacity is connected with one end of the first described switch, the other end access external power source of the first described switch, external power source provides 12V DC voltage, 3rd pin of described voltage-stabilized power supply, one end of the 3rd described electric capacity is connected with one end of the 4th described electric capacity and its link is the output of described Voltage stabilizing module, 2nd pin of described voltage stabilizing chip, the other end of the first described electric capacity, the other end of the second described electric capacity, the other end of the 3rd described electric capacity and the equal ground connection of the other end of the 4th described electric capacity,
Described control module comprises control chip, second switch, the 3rd switch, the first resistance, the second resistance, the 3rd resistance, the 4th resistance, the 5th resistance, the 6th resistance, the 7th resistance, the 5th electric capacity, the 6th electric capacity, the 7th electric capacity, crystal oscillator, triode, the first diode and the loudspeaker that model is STC12C5A60S2; The first described diode is photodiode, 1st pin of described control chip, one end of the first described resistance are connected with one end of the second described resistance, and the other end of the first described resistance, described one end of the 5th resistance, the colelctor electrode of described triode are all connected with the output of described Voltage stabilizing module with the 40th pin of described control chip; The other end of the second described resistance is by described second switch ground connection; 2nd pin of described control chip is connected with one end of the 3rd described resistance, the other end of the 3rd described resistance is connected with the base stage of described triode, the emitter stage of described triode is connected with one end of the 4th described resistance, the other end of the 4th described resistance is connected with one end of described loudspeaker, the other end ground connection of described loudspeaker; One end of 9th pin of described control chip, the other end of the 5th described resistance, the 6th described resistance is connected with one end of the 5th described electric capacity, the other end of the 6th described resistance passes through the 3rd described switch ground connection, the other end ground connection of the 5th described electric capacity; 18th pin of described control chip, one end of the 6th described electric capacity are connected with one end of described crystal oscillator, the other end, one end of the 7th described electric capacity of described crystal oscillator are connected with the 19th pin of described control chip, and the other end, the other end of the 7th described electric capacity of the 6th described electric capacity are connected and its link ground connection with the 20th pin of described control chip; 27th pin of described control chip is connected with one end of the 7th described resistance, and the other end of the 7th described resistance is connected with the positive pole of the first described diode, the minus earth of the first described diode;
Described motor drive module comprises motor drive ic, the second diode, the 3rd diode, the 4th diode, the 5th diode, the 6th diode, the 7th diode, the 8th diode, the 9th diode, the 8th electric capacity, the 9th electric capacity and the tenth electric capacity that model is L298, 5th pin of described motor drive ic, 6th pin, 7th pin, 10th pin, 11st pin and the 12nd pin are six inputs of described motor drive module, 8th pin ground connection of described motor drive ic, 9th pin of described motor drive ic is connected with one end of the 8th described electric capacity and its link is connected with the output of described Voltage stabilizing module, the other end ground connection of the 8th described electric capacity, the 4th pin of described motor drive ic, the negative pole of the second described diode, the negative pole of the 3rd described diode, the negative pole of the 4th described diode, the negative pole of the 5th described diode, one end of the 9th described electric capacity is connected with one end of the tenth described electric capacity and its link access 12V DC voltage, the positive pole of the second described diode, the negative pole of the 6th described diode is connected with the 2nd pin of described motor drive ic and its link is the first output of described motor drive module, the positive pole of the 3rd described diode, the negative pole of the 7th described diode is connected with the 3rd pin of described motor drive ic and its link is the second output of motor drive module, the positive pole of the 4th described diode, the negative pole of the 8th described diode is connected with the 13rd pin of described motor drive ic and its link is the 3rd output of described motor drive module, the positive pole of the 5th described diode, the negative pole of the 9th described diode is connected with the 14th pin of described motor drive ic and its link is the 4th output of described motor drive module, the other end of the 9th described electric capacity, the other end of the tenth described electric capacity, the positive pole of the 6th described diode, the positive pole of the 7th described diode, the positive pole of the 8th described diode, the positive pole of the 9th described diode, 1st pin of described motor drive ic and the equal ground connection of the 15th pin,
Described infrared detection module comprises the infrared receiver probe that model is HS0038, 8th resistance, 9th resistance, tenth resistance, tenth diode, 11 electric capacity and the 12 electric capacity, one end of the 8th described resistance, one end of the 9th described resistance is connected with one end of the tenth described resistance and its link is connected with the output of described Voltage stabilizing module, the other end of the 8th described resistance is connected with the positive pole of the tenth described diode, the negative pole of the tenth described diode, the other end of the tenth described resistance is connected with the 1st pin of described infrared receiver probe and its link is the output of described infrared detection module, the other end of the 9th described resistance, one end of the 11 described electric capacity, one end of the 12 described electric capacity is connected with the 3rd pin of described infrared probe, the other end of the 11 described electric capacity, the other end of the 12 described electric capacity is connected and its link ground connection with the 2nd pin of described infrared probe,
Six inputs of the first described motor drive module and the 21st pin of described control chip ~ the 26th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the first described motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the first described motor with the 4th output;
Six inputs of the second described motor drive module and the 32nd pin of described control chip ~ the 37th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the second described motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the second described motor with the 4th output;
Six inputs of the 3rd described motor drive module and the 6th pin of described control chip, the 7th pin, the 8th pin, the 16th pin, the 17th pin and the 38th pin connect one to one, and the first output of the 3rd described motor drive module, the second output, the 3rd output are connected with the 3rd described motor with the 4th output;
The output of the first described infrared detection module is connected with the 3rd pin of described control chip, the output of the second described infrared detection module is connected with the 4th pin of described control chip, and the output of the 3rd described infrared detection module is connected with the 5th pin of described control chip.
9. a kind of device for feeding fish bait according to claim 4, it is characterized in that being provided with in described storage bin hopper by described storage bin hopper interior separation is the two-part dividing plate in left and right.
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CN203912963U (en) * 2014-05-14 2014-11-05 宁波大学 A kind of for the foster Weighing type drawing-in device of crab monomer frame
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CN108990865A (en) * 2018-09-21 2018-12-14 林玉琴 A kind of Autoamtic bait putting equipment for Pelteobagrus fulvidraco aquaculture
CN110419482A (en) * 2019-08-07 2019-11-08 王彩峰 A kind of feeding apparatus used for aquiculture

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