CN104772026A - Smoke absorber - Google Patents

Smoke absorber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104772026A
CN104772026A CN201510160138.2A CN201510160138A CN104772026A CN 104772026 A CN104772026 A CN 104772026A CN 201510160138 A CN201510160138 A CN 201510160138A CN 104772026 A CN104772026 A CN 104772026A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
tube
holding box
liquid
liquid holding
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510160138.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
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CN104772026B (en
Inventor
王文树
王波
王煜
Original Assignee
王文树
王波
王煜
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Publication date
Application filed by 王文树, 王波, 王煜 filed Critical 王文树
Priority to CN201510160138.2A priority Critical patent/CN104772026B/en
Publication of CN104772026A publication Critical patent/CN104772026A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104772026B publication Critical patent/CN104772026B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a smoke absorber. The smoke absorber is characterized in that a motor is fixedly mounted on a liquid containing tank cover corresponding to a smoke guide straight pipe, a motor shaft (16) stretches into the inner side of the liquid containing tank cover and is fixedly connected with a smoke guide cover (3), the smoke guide cover covers the position above the smoke guide straight pipe, the lower opening portion of the smoke guide cover is lower than a transverse pipe of a liquid discharging pipe by 10 cm to 30 cm, a smoke guide cover outer side pipe (4) is a blind pipe, a spiral pipe set is arranged between a smoke guide cover inner side pipe (5) and the outer side pipe, several to dozens of liquid spray holes (17) with the diameter of 3mm are formed in the lower portion pipe wall of a spiral pipe (14), alkaline solutions are contained in a liquid containing tank, an escape pipe mounting hole is formed in the liquid containing tank cover, so that the liquid containing tank cover is fixedly connected with an escape pipe (11), the escape pipe is a sleeve pipe, the upper portion of a small pipe opening of the escape pipe is communicated with the upper portion of the liquid containing tank, and the lower portion of the small pipe opening of the escape pipe stretches into the alkaline solutions. The smoke absorber is simple in structure, good in smoke removing and dust removing effect, and low in running cost.

Description

Flue dust absorber

Technical field

The present invention relates to environment and protect technical field, especially a kind of flue dust absorber eliminating coal, oil firing flue dust.

Background technology

Along with social development, the raising of national life level and manufacturing industry fast development, the mankind are to coal, the sharp increase of wet goods demand for energy, the problem of environmental pollution brought therefrom is more and more serious, the a large amount of atmosphere pollution of gas of flue dust and greenhouse effects, serious threat is brought to human health, if do not prevented and not treated, its consequence will be more serious, therefore environmental pollution prevention and control is paid attention to all especially in countries in the world, the multiple flue dust prevention and treatment method of Bian, traditional coal fired boiler smoke abatement and dust control Bian cloth bag dry method filter dirt, due to its easily blocking and smoke medicining dust-removing effect not good and be eliminated, at present main Bian spray and to spray and moisture film method carrys out smoke abatement and dust control, this wet method smoke prevention and dust control method effect is better, greatly reduce sulphur and coal particles, the cigarette come up is no longer that black smoke billows, become white cigarette.Still containing micronic dust particle and greenhouse gases in this white cigarette, pollution is still had to environment.Existing spray, spraying and moisture film method device therefor volume are large simultaneously, complex structure, and water consumption is large, and operating cost is high.Vehicle exhaust is also the important sources of atmosphere pollution, and mostly the method for administering vehicle exhaust is at present Bian ternary catalyzing unit, although can eliminate part pernicious gas and large powder, a considerable amount of pernicious gas and particulate can not be removed.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the flue dust absorber that a kind of structure is simple, operating cost is low, smoke medicining dust-removing effect is good is provided.Object of the present invention is realized by following technical proposals: the present invention includes motor, liquid holding box, liquid holding box lid, lead cigarette straight tube, the discharging tube of belt switch is installed bottom liquid holding box body, liquid holding box top is provided with liquid overflow pipe, liquid holding box bottom is provided with the feed tube of belt switch, be provided with bottom liquid holding box and lead cigarette straight tube installing hole and be fixedly connected with conduit straight tube, it is characterized in that: the liquid holding box corresponding with leading cigarette straight tube covers and be installed with motor, motor shaft to stretch into inside liquid holding box lid and is fixedly connected with smoke guiding cover, smoke guiding cover covers in leads above cigarette straight tube, its infraoral is lower than liquid overflow pipe transverse tube lower wall 10-30cm, smoke guiding cover outboard tube is blind pipe, in smoke guiding cover, helix tube group is installed between outboard tube, helix tube bottom tube wall be provided with several to dozens of diameter be 3mm liquid mist hole, aqueous slkali is filled in liquid holding box, liquid holding box covers and is provided with Freeing Pipe installing hole and is fixedly connected with Freeing Pipe, Freeing Pipe is sleeve pipe, its little mouth of pipe top communicates with liquid holding box top, bottom is stretched in aqueous slkali.

One can be established bottom said liquid holding box to lead cigarette straight tube installing hole, also can establish and severally lead cigarette straight tube installing hole, the quantity such as installation lead cigarette straight tube, corresponding liquid case lid is provided with motor and the smoke guiding cover of identical number.

The present invention, under the idle state of smoke guiding cover, is just boundary with smoke guiding cover, is divided into by whole device and leads flue and liquid case two enclosed areas.Under the state that smoke guiding cover rotates, due to the effect of centrifugal force, just utilize and lead the mutual fusion that cigarette helix tube makes two enclosed areas, so just continuously the flue dust of smoke guiding cover near top is sent into helix tube, helix tube bottom spray hole constantly mixes after the atomization of calcium hydroxide liquid with flue dust, and it is as follows to enter aqueous slkali generation chemical reaction:

CO 2+H 2O=H 2CO 3

H 2CO 3+Ca(OH) 2=CaCO 3↓+2 H 2O

SO 2+H 2O=H 2SO 3

H 2SO 3+Ca(OH) 2=CaSO 3↓+2H 2O

2NO 2+H 2O+Ca(OH) 2=Ca(NO 3) 2+H 2O+H 2

Particle in flue dust is deposited on containing in aqueous slkali solution.Not with CO, NO, the H of the substance reaction in aqueous slkali 2from Freeing Pipe effusion, enter coal combustion equipment by appendix and process, under the high temperature conditions:

2CO+O 2=2CO 2

2NO+O 2=2NO 2

2H 2+O2=2H 2O

Due to smoke guiding cover constantly reduce near lead flue dust in flue, the gas pressure intensity of leading in flue of this end constantly reduces, and the other end constantly produces hot cigarette, and hot cigarette is in operation and reduces temperature gradually, more lower close to smoke guiding cover temperature, and pressure is also lower simultaneously.In airtight container, fluid always flows to pressure lower ground side from the place that pressure is high, so flue dust just constantly flows to smoke guiding cover headroom, keep normal work, when flue dust is by helix tube, micropore due to its underpart takes aqueous slkali water droplet out of, the rapid atomization when High Rotation Speed also mixes with flue dust, there is chemical reaction, nuisance in most of flue dust is removed, a small amount of flue dust is also had to be removed by the aqueous slkali in liquid holding box, a small amount of pernicious gas do not reacted with aqueous slkali is sent combustion apparatus back to by Freeing Pipe and the appendix that is connected and is again combusted into easily processed gas.Through experimental test, after the process of this device, do not produce any smog, from above-mentioned situation, the object of the invention is to realize, and excellent.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is that smoke guiding cover of the present invention launches schematic diagram;

Fig. 3 is smoke guiding cover structural representation of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention includes motor 1, liquid holding box 7, liquid holding box lid 2, lead cigarette straight tube 6, the discharging tube 9 of belt switch 10 is installed bottom liquid holding box body, liquid holding box top is provided with liquid overflow pipe 8, liquid holding box bottom is provided with the feed tube 12 of band liquid feeding switch 13, be provided with bottom liquid holding box and lead cigarette straight tube installing hole and be fixedly connected with conduit straight tube, it is characterized in that: the liquid holding box corresponding with leading cigarette straight tube covers and be installed with motor, the shaft extension of motor 16 to enter inside liquid holding box lid and is fixedly connected with smoke guiding cover 3, and said motor is good with variable-frequency motor.Smoke guiding cover covers in leads above cigarette straight tube, and its infraoral is lower than liquid overflow pipe transverse tube lower wall 10-30cm, and concrete numerical value will be determined according to selecting smoke guiding cover size, and smoke guiding cover is larger darker lower than liquid overflow pipe lower wall.Smoke guiding cover outboard tube 4 is blind pipe, smoke guiding cover inside tube 5, helix tube group is installed between outboard tube, helix tube 14 upper oral part 15 is located between inside tube upper oral part and outboard tube blind pipe lid, between outboard tube top and inside tube upper oral part, spacing should be equal to or slightly greater than helix tube bore, helix tube bottom tube wall be provided with several to dozens of diameter be 3mm liquid mist hole 17, aqueous slkali is had in liquid holding box, said aqueous slkali is calcium hydroxide or barium hydroxide solution, under static condition, helix tube lower bands micropore position is immersed in aqueous slkali completely, liquid holding box covers and is provided with Freeing Pipe installing hole and is fixedly connected with Freeing Pipe 11, Freeing Pipe is sleeve pipe, its little mouth of pipe top communicates with liquid holding box top, aqua calcis 2-3cm is stretched in bottom, large casing part stretches into more than aqua calcis 4cm, the large sleeve pipe top of Freeing Pipe is communicated with combustion chamber by appendix.One can be established bottom said liquid holding box to lead cigarette straight tube installing hole, lead cigarette straight tube fixedly mount with one, also can establish and severally lead cigarette straight tube installing hole, fixedly mount with several cigarette straight tube of leading, corresponding liquid case lid is provided with motor and the smoke guiding cover of identical number, simultaneously straight cigarette conduit or lead flue and be provided with openable dividing plate, to control unlatching or the closedown of leading cigarette straight tube.

The present invention is applicable to coal combustion equipment, is also applicable to fuel oil equipment and fuel engines.

During use, first will lead cigarette straight tube infraoral to be connected with chimney by leading flue, aqueous slkali (to liquid overflow pipe transverse tube lower wall) is filled in liquid holding box, the selection of concrete aqueous slkali should, concentration high, price low aqueous slkali little with corrosivity, build liquid holding box lid, make it seal, starter motor can normally work.Aqueous slkali should be changed in time, to ensure content and the scavenger precipitation thing of effective ion.For ensureing the continuous operation of flue dust absorption and coal combustion equipment, so two groups and above flue dust absorber should be installed, be used alternatingly as good.

Claims (2)

1. a flue dust absorber, comprise motor (1), liquid holding box (7), liquid holding box lid (2), lead cigarette straight tube (6), the discharging tube (9) of belt switch (10) is installed bottom liquid holding box body, liquid holding box top is provided with liquid overflow pipe (8), liquid holding box bottom is provided with the feed tube (12) of belt switch (13), be provided with bottom liquid holding box and lead cigarette straight tube installing hole and be fixedly connected with conduit straight tube, it is characterized in that: the liquid holding box corresponding with leading cigarette straight tube covers and be installed with motor, motor shaft (16) to stretch into inside liquid holding box lid and is fixedly connected with smoke guiding cover (3), smoke guiding cover covers in leads above cigarette straight tube, its infraoral is lower than liquid overflow pipe transverse tube 10-30cm, smoke guiding cover outboard tube (4) is blind pipe, smoke guiding cover inside tube (5), helix tube group is installed between outboard tube, helix tube (14) bottom tube wall be provided with several to dozens of diameter be 3mm liquid mist hole (17), fill in liquid holding box containing aqueous slkali, said aqueous slkali is calcium hydroxide or barium hydroxide saturated solution, liquid holding box covers and is provided with Freeing Pipe installing hole and is fixedly connected with Freeing Pipe (11), Freeing Pipe is sleeve pipe, its little mouth of pipe top communicates with liquid holding box top, aqueous slkali is stretched in bottom.
2. a kind of flue dust absorber according to claim 1, is characterized in that: establish one lead cigarette straight tube installing hole or severally lead cigarette straight tube installing hole bottom said liquid holding box, corresponding liquid case lid is provided with motor and the smoke guiding cover of identical number.
CN201510160138.2A 2015-04-07 2015-04-07 Flue dust absorber CN104772026B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510160138.2A CN104772026B (en) 2015-04-07 2015-04-07 Flue dust absorber

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510160138.2A CN104772026B (en) 2015-04-07 2015-04-07 Flue dust absorber

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104772026A true CN104772026A (en) 2015-07-15
CN104772026B CN104772026B (en) 2016-07-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510160138.2A CN104772026B (en) 2015-04-07 2015-04-07 Flue dust absorber

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105920975A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-09-07 赵松和 Oily soot-dust-caused air pollution treatment device

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2221437Y (en) * 1995-07-04 1996-03-06 北京化工大学 Over-gravity field device of rotary bed for reinforcing transfer reaction
WO1996020773A1 (en) * 1995-01-04 1996-07-11 Carr William J Scrubber for waste gases
CN2510149Y (en) * 2001-12-06 2002-09-11 杨振坤 Double helical-blade guiding dust-collection and desulfurization apparatus
CN101111296A (en) * 2005-02-03 2008-01-23 尹璋植 Centrifugal wet type air cleaner utilizing a spin vaporizer and a spiral on the basis of a labyrinth effect
CN102441323A (en) * 2011-11-03 2012-05-09 袁长胜 Swirl double hypergravity machine
CN202315621U (en) * 2011-11-12 2012-07-11 吉林市正泰锅炉制造安装有限公司 Flue gas purification tower of boiler
CN103055666A (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-24 北京化工大学 Method for removing nitric oxide in flue gas
CN203043776U (en) * 2012-08-03 2013-07-10 张宏生 Paint and dust removal filter
CN204563917U (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-08-19 王文树 Flue dust absorber

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1996020773A1 (en) * 1995-01-04 1996-07-11 Carr William J Scrubber for waste gases
CN2221437Y (en) * 1995-07-04 1996-03-06 北京化工大学 Over-gravity field device of rotary bed for reinforcing transfer reaction
CN2510149Y (en) * 2001-12-06 2002-09-11 杨振坤 Double helical-blade guiding dust-collection and desulfurization apparatus
CN101111296A (en) * 2005-02-03 2008-01-23 尹璋植 Centrifugal wet type air cleaner utilizing a spin vaporizer and a spiral on the basis of a labyrinth effect
CN103055666A (en) * 2011-10-21 2013-04-24 北京化工大学 Method for removing nitric oxide in flue gas
CN102441323A (en) * 2011-11-03 2012-05-09 袁长胜 Swirl double hypergravity machine
CN202315621U (en) * 2011-11-12 2012-07-11 吉林市正泰锅炉制造安装有限公司 Flue gas purification tower of boiler
CN203043776U (en) * 2012-08-03 2013-07-10 张宏生 Paint and dust removal filter
CN204563917U (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-08-19 王文树 Flue dust absorber

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105920975A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-09-07 赵松和 Oily soot-dust-caused air pollution treatment device

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Granted publication date: 20160727

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