CN104761021B - A kind of oily-water seperating equipment - Google Patents

A kind of oily-water seperating equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104761021B
CN104761021B CN201510130995.8A CN201510130995A CN104761021B CN 104761021 B CN104761021 B CN 104761021B CN 201510130995 A CN201510130995 A CN 201510130995A CN 104761021 B CN104761021 B CN 104761021B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
oil separating
lamina membranacea
separating unit
pottery
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CN201510130995.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104761021A (en
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曹辉
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曹辉
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The problem of oil content in water body cannot be reduced further for utilizing air supporting method to carry out water-oil separating under solution prior art, the invention discloses a kind of oily-water seperating equipment, including some water-oil separating unit, described water-oil separating unit includes some pottery lamina membranaceas and for installing the housing of pottery lamina membranacea, described pottery lamina membranacea is fixed on housing by both ends, it is provided with some through holes in described pottery lamina membranacea, described through hole is through with at least one end face of pottery lamina membranacea, being provided with built-in cavity volume in described housing, described built-in cavity volume connects with through hole;Some described water-oil separating unit vertical stacks are installed, and the ceramic lamina membranacea in described water-oil separating unit is each perpendicular to described housing place plane, and the ceramic lamina membranacea in the vertical direction one_to_one corresponding in adjacent described water-oil separating unit is arranged;Some described water-oil separating unit are divided into the filtration module on top and aeration film group two parts of bottom;In described filtration module, the built-in cavity volume of water-oil separating unit connects with header, and in described aeration film group, the built-in cavity volume of water-oil separating unit connects with appendix.Use said apparatus and method to carry out water-oil separating and can significantly reduce the oil content in water body, and this oily-water seperating equipment is safeguarded easy to assembly.

Description

A kind of oily-water seperating equipment

Technical field

The present invention relates to water treatment field, more particularly, to a kind of oily-water seperating equipment.

Background technology

The basis of oil is the hydrocarbon such as alkane, aromatic hydrocarbon, and these hydrocarbon compounds all have poison Property.Research shows, the nervous system of venomous injurant confrontation people in gasoline, diesel oil, kerosene, urinary system System, respiratory system, the circulatory system, hematological system etc. have harm.Foreign study finds, lives in oiling Child near standing suffers from the risk average level to be exceeded 4 times of acute leukemia, and these children obtain acute non-pouring The probability of bar chronic myeloid leukemia than stay in areal but not child near gas station high 7 times.China has Pass statistics shows, the annual Newborn Birth-defects in the whole nation is up to 800,000-120 ten thousand people;Liver is died from the whole nation every year The patient of cancer is up to 42.5% more than 110,000 people, the ratio accounting for the world annual PLC mortality patient.Environment is raw Thing research and international scientific achievement show, the generation of some morbid state above-mentioned, with oil pollution in environment day by day Increase the weight of relevant.

Along with the development of global industry, the event of petroleum-contaminated water more and more occurs.Water body is subject to After polluting, on the one hand oil gas volatilization pollutant atmosphere, show as oil gas volatilization thing and other pernicious gas After being irradiated by solar ultraviolet, there is physical-chemical reaction, generate photochemical fog, produce carcinogenic substance and temperature Room effect, damages the ozone layer.On the other hand entered soil by the water body of oil pollution, cause soil alkaline Change, poison, cause soil fail and waste and ruined, and its Toxic can be entered by crops especially underground water Enter Food-Chain System, finally endanger human health.And leak into the oil in water cannot recycle, be also Significant wastage to resource, therefore, people just make great efforts to study various oily water separation technique, it is desirable to realize profit Separating, i.e. purified water body, the oil after separation can also recycle.

Under prior art, greasy dirt carries out water-oil separating mainly centrifugal separation, air supporting method, biological oxidation The methods such as method, gravitational separation process, filtration method, chemical method, wherein air supporting method is to further investigate both at home and abroad With a kind of water technology constantly promoted.This method is to be passed through air or other gas fine gas of generation in water Bubble, makes the tiny suspension oil droplet of some in water and solid particle be attached on bubble float to water with bubble Face forms scum silica frost (oil-containing froth bed), then uses suitable oil skimmer to be skimmed by oil.There is multiple basis at present The oily-water seperating equipment that air supporting method is produced, but these devices can only realize in the water body after processing containing oil quality Concentration is down to 20~30mg/L.Oil content in water body cannot be reduced further.

Summary of the invention

Oil content in water body cannot be reduced further for utilizing air supporting method to carry out water-oil separating under solution prior art Problem, the invention discloses a kind of oily-water seperating equipment, use said apparatus and method to carry out water-oil separating The oil content in water body can be significantly reduced, and this oily-water seperating equipment is safeguarded easy to assembly.

Use technical scheme particularly as follows:

A kind of oily-water seperating equipment, including some water-oil separating unit, described water-oil separating unit includes some potteries Porcelain lamina membranacea and for install pottery lamina membranacea housing, described pottery lamina membranacea be fixed on housing by both ends, Being provided with some through holes in described pottery lamina membranacea, described through hole is through with at least one end face of pottery lamina membranacea, Being provided with built-in cavity volume in described housing, described built-in cavity volume connects with through hole;Some described water-oil separating lists Unit's vertical stack is installed, and the ceramic lamina membranacea in described water-oil separating unit is each perpendicular to described housing place plane, Ceramic lamina membranacea in the vertical direction one_to_one corresponding in adjacent described water-oil separating unit is arranged;Some described oil Water separative element is divided into the filtration module on top and aeration film group two parts of bottom;Oil in described filtration module The built-in cavity volume of water separative element connects with header, the built-in appearance of water-oil separating unit in described aeration film group Chamber connects with appendix.

It is also preferred that the left the adjacent ceramic lamina membranacea in described water-oil separating unit is arranged in parallel with a determining deviation.

It is also preferred that the left have some installing holes, some described water-oil separatings on the housing of described water-oil separating unit On unit, the installing hole of correspondence position passes through a screw rod longitudinally through connection.

It is also preferred that the left described pottery lamina membranacea includes two end faces, two sides and two bottom surfaces being parallel to each other, Described through hole linearly shape and run through pottery lamina membranacea end face.

It is also preferred that the left the quantity of the ceramic lamina membranacea of each water-oil separating unit is between 5-100 block.

It is also preferred that the left the shape of cross section of described through hole is convex polygon, circular or oval.

The present invention compared to existing technology, has the advantages that

Aeration film group in the present invention uses ceramic membrane sheet material matter, relative to tradition aerator, it is possible to produce The least more dense uniform minute bubbles.Ceramic lamina membranacea in adjacent described water-oil separating unit vertically corresponds Arrange, ensure that the ceramic lamina membranacea in the aeration film group of bottom the most on the whole and above it in filtration module Pottery lamina membranacea equal in the vertical direction one_to_one corresponding, it is therefore an objective to guarantee that the ceramic lamina membranacea in described aeration film group produces Raw micro bubbles can include the ceramic lamina membranacea in described filtration module in uphill process just.Make aeration Closely cooperate rather than as the aeration in traditional oils water separation device and filtration are respective solely with filtering two operations Vertical.This have the advantage that the oil content significantly reduced after process in water body, utilize of the prior art Oily-water seperating equipment, in the water body after process, oil content is only capable of reaching 20~30mg/L, and uses this technology Scheme, can be reduced to 0.18mg/L by the oil content in water body.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is oily-water seperating equipment structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram in Fig. 1 after the amplification of A position;

Fig. 3 is water-oil separating cellular construction schematic diagram;

Fig. 4 is the front view of pottery lamina membranacea;

Fig. 5 is the cross sectional representation of pottery lamina membranacea;

Detailed description of the invention

The invention will be further described with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

Described as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, a kind of oily-water seperating equipment, including some water-oil separating unit 1, described oil Water separative element 1 includes some pottery lamina membranaceas 11 and for installing the housing 13 of pottery lamina membranacea 11, described pottery Porcelain lamina membranacea 11 is fixed on housing 13 by both ends, is provided with some through holes 111 in described pottery lamina membranacea 11, Described through hole 111 is through with at least one end face of pottery lamina membranacea 11, described housing 13 is provided with built-in Cavity volume 15, described built-in cavity volume 15 connects with through hole 111;Some described water-oil separating unit 1 vertical stacks Installing, the ceramic lamina membranacea 11 in described water-oil separating unit 1 is each perpendicular to described housing 13 place plane, Ceramic lamina membranacea 11 in the vertical direction one_to_one corresponding in adjacent described water-oil separating unit 1 is arranged;Some institutes State water-oil separating unit 1 and be divided into the filtration module 2 on top and aeration film group 3 two parts of bottom;Described mistake In filter membrane group 2, the built-in cavity volume 15 of water-oil separating unit 1 connects with header, oil in described aeration film group 3 The built-in cavity volume 15 of water separative element 1 connects with appendix.

As it is shown in figure 1, one of concrete application that the oily-water seperating equipment of the present invention is also air supporting method processes sewage, Wherein said aeration film group 3 is the bubble that use produces, and makes some the tiny suspension oil droplets being dissolved in water and consolidates Body particle is attached on bubble float to the water surface with bubble and forms scum silica frost, utilizes described filtration module 2 simultaneously Making water-oil separating, clean water be got rid of by filtration module 2, greasy deposits is in cesspool.In the present invention Applying this new material of ceramic membrane cleverly, the main advantage of ceramic membrane is embodied in: one, its filter effect It is better than traditional filter medium, two, utilize its aeration can produce the bubble that diameter is the least, and the closeest Collection.Structurally, the ceramic lamina membranacea 11 in described aeration film group 3 and the pottery in filtration lamina membranacea described in its top Porcelain lamina membranacea 11 one_to_one corresponding, during the bubble floating that in described aeration film group 3, pottery lamina membranacea 11 produces just Well pottery lamina membranacea 11 in the described filtration module 2 of its correspondence is wrapped up, thus achieve whole water-oil separating In device, aeration and filtration combines closely.Sewage is first adsorbed by the bubble of outer layer, by the dissolving in sewage Out, the ceramic lamina membranacea 11 in described filtration module 2 filters oil adsorbing separation as far as possible the most further.

As it is shown on figure 3, for the ease of installing, guarantee that in described aeration film group 3, pottery lamina membranacea 11 produces simultaneously Bubble can float and wrap up above it ceramic lamina membranacea 11 in corresponding described filtration module 2, institute smoothly State the adjacent ceramic lamina membranacea 11 in water-oil separating unit 1 arranged in parallel with a determining deviation.The oil of the present invention Water separation device is made up of some described water-oil separating unit 1 stacking, the most each described water-oil separating list Some installing holes are had, the installation of correspondence position on some described water-oil separating unit 1 on the housing 13 of unit 1 A screw rod is passed through longitudinally through connection in hole.Dismounting is easy in above-mentioned setting, when wherein certain water-oil separating unit 1 When breaking down, can repair and replacement rapidly.

As shown in Figure 4, Figure 5, described pottery lamina membranacea 11 includes that two end faces, two sides and two are mutual Parallel bottom surface, described through hole 111 linearly shape and run through pottery lamina membranacea 11 end face.Two of which end face Being connected with described housing 13, described through hole 111 is joined directly together with the micropore in pottery lamina membranacea 11, linearly sets The through hole 111 put can transport water and air rapidly, also allows for processing simultaneously.The horizontal stroke of described through hole 111 Cross sectional shape is convex polygon, circular or oval.In order to make the in hgher efficiency of water-oil separating, consider simultaneously To cost of manufacture, the quantity of the ceramic lamina membranacea 11 of each water-oil separating unit 1 is between 5-100 block.

Based on said structure and setting, the oily-water seperating equipment course of work of the present invention is as follows:

As it is shown in figure 1, first described header is connected with water pump, described appendix and air pump (air compressor machine) Connect.Described water pump is used to get rid of the water in described header.Described air pump is used in appendix defeated Send air.During work, oily-water seperating equipment of the present invention is vertically placed, then open air pump and water Pump, gas enters the built-in cavity volume 15 of water-oil separating unit 1 in described aeration film group 3 by described appendix, And then by described built-in cavity volume 15 enter each pottery lamina membranacea 11, gas by described pottery lamina membranacea 11 on gather Micropore overflows, and forms the most intensive micro bubbles.Then bubble is close to the described filter membrane directly over it The outer wall of the ceramic lamina membranacea 11 of group 2 floats, and is wrapped up by the ceramic lamina membranacea 11 of described filtration module 2, to the greatest extent may be used The oil dissolved in sewage near the ceramic lamina membranacea 11 adsorbing described filtration module 2 of energy.Simultaneously at described water Under the effect of pump, described filtration module 2 is started working, and in described filtration module 2, pottery lamina membranacea 11 filters The clean water of rear generation is got rid of through header, and greasy dirt is deposited in cesspool.

Compared with traditional aerator, the bubble that traditional aerator produces is bigger, sparse, and Unordered floating in sewage, it is impossible to the effect coordinating to realize water-oil separating with filter optimizes, so Oil-water separation is also had a greatly reduced quality.Use the oily-water seperating equipment of the present invention, the clean water obtained after filtration Middle oil content is 0.18mg/L, well below the 30mg/L of discharging standards.

The preferred embodiment of the present invention described in detail above, it will be appreciated that the ordinary skill of this area Just many modifications and variations can be made according to the design of the present invention without creative work.Therefore, all skill In art field, technical staff passes through logic analysis, reasoning or root according to present inventive concept on the basis of prior art According to the limited available technical scheme of experiment, all should be by protecting model determined by the claims Among enclosing.

Claims (6)

1. an oily-water seperating equipment, including some water-oil separating unit, if described water-oil separating unit includes Doing pottery lamina membranacea and for installing the housing of pottery lamina membranacea, described pottery lamina membranacea is fixed on housing by both ends On, it being provided with some through holes in described pottery lamina membranacea, described through hole passes through with at least one end face of pottery lamina membranacea Logical, it is provided with built-in cavity volume in described housing, described built-in cavity volume connects with through hole;It is characterized in that: if Dry described water-oil separating unit vertical stack is installed, and the ceramic lamina membranacea in described water-oil separating unit is each perpendicular to Described housing place plane, ceramic lamina membranacea in the vertical direction in adjacent described water-oil separating unit one a pair Should arrange;Some described water-oil separating unit are divided into the filtration module on top and aeration film group two parts of bottom; In described filtration module, the built-in cavity volume of water-oil separating unit connects with header, profit in described aeration film group The built-in cavity volume of separative element connects with appendix.
2. oily-water seperating equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: in described water-oil separating unit Adjacent ceramic lamina membranacea arranged in parallel with a determining deviation.
3. oily-water seperating equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described water-oil separating unit Having some installing holes on housing, on some described water-oil separating unit, the installing hole of correspondence position passes through a spiral shell Bar is longitudinally through connection.
4. oily-water seperating equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described pottery lamina membranacea includes two Individual end face, two sides and two bottom surfaces being parallel to each other, described through hole linearly shape also runs through pottery lamina membranacea End face.
5. oily-water seperating equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: each water-oil separating unit The quantity of pottery lamina membranacea is between 5-100 block.
6. oily-water seperating equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cross section shape of described through hole Shape is convex polygon, circular or oval.
CN201510130995.8A 2015-03-24 2015-03-24 A kind of oily-water seperating equipment CN104761021B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510130995.8A CN104761021B (en) 2015-03-24 2015-03-24 A kind of oily-water seperating equipment

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CN104761021B true CN104761021B (en) 2016-09-07

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Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10051871A1 (en) * 2000-10-19 2002-04-25 Hermsdorfer Inst Tech Keramik Waste water biological treatment reactor has ceramic membranes permeated by parallel nutrient feed passages
EP1882512A1 (en) * 2006-07-26 2008-01-30 Vlaamse Instelling Voor Technologisch Onderzoek (Vito) Planar capillary membrane filtration module and method of its production
JP5564021B2 (en) * 2011-09-05 2014-07-30 住友電気工業株式会社 Oil-containing wastewater treatment system
CN103159267B (en) * 2011-12-08 2014-07-16 曹辉 Water treatment device based on metal ceramic filter plate
CN102513040B (en) * 2011-12-29 2014-04-23 江苏久吾高科技股份有限公司 Microporous gas distributor of ceramic membrane
CN102774928B (en) * 2012-08-01 2014-10-08 浙江大学舟山海洋研究中心 Oil-water separator and application thereof
CN103768857A (en) * 2014-01-28 2014-05-07 深圳市比斯坦科技有限公司 Sewage filter
CN204111408U (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-01-21 胡奠新 Ceramic membrane bioreactor
CN204643908U (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-09-16 曹辉 A kind of oily-water seperating equipment

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Effective date of registration: 20190121

Address after: 510410 3rd floor, No. 55, Hemuling, Wanggang, Jiahe Street, Baiyun District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangzhou world to bliss Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: 510410 Building A, Gaoqiao Commercial Street, Wanggang, Jiahe, Baiyun District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: Cao Hui

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