CN104724983A - Thermal-insulation and toughened burn-free colliery wastes brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Thermal-insulation and toughened burn-free colliery wastes brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104724983A
CN104724983A CN201510044214.3A CN201510044214A CN104724983A CN 104724983 A CN104724983 A CN 104724983A CN 201510044214 A CN201510044214 A CN 201510044214A CN 104724983 A CN104724983 A CN 104724983A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
brick
powder
colliery wastes
insulation
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Pending
Application number
CN201510044214.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱安会
马洪章
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Anhui Xin Run Type Material Co Ltd
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Anhui Xin Run Type Material Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510044214.3A priority Critical patent/CN104724983A/en
Publication of CN104724983A publication Critical patent/CN104724983A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention discloses a thermal-insulation and toughened burn-free colliery wastes brick. The thermal-insulation and toughened burn-free colliery wastes brick is characterized by being prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 50-60 parts of colliery wastes, 7.5-9.5 parts of Portland cement, 1-2 parts of sodium bicarbonate, 10-12 parts of riverway sludge, 4-6 parts of waste glass powder, 2-3 parts of calcined lime, 7-9 parts of papermaking black liquid, 4-5 parts of EVA emulsion, 2-3 parts of expanded glass bead, 4-5 parts of palm skin, 7-9 parts of modifier and a proper amount of water. The colliery wastes brick is reasonable in formula. By adding the palm skin, the colliery wastes brick is light and porous and the toughness of the product is enhanced; by adding the expanded glass bead, the thermal insulation property of the product is enhanced; and by adding the modifier prepared by a special process, the brick has the effects of lightness, thermal insulation, sound absorption and antibacterial property, and the comprehensive performance of the colliery wastes brick is enhanced. By utilizing the burn-free process, the environmental pollution is reduced, and the energy consumption is lowered; besides, the brick is light, good in toughness and high in tensile strength, has the function of wall thermal insulation, and is beneficial for thermal insulation of building walls.

Description

Toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick of a kind of insulation and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, particularly toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick of a kind of insulation and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Coal gangue is as one of maximum industrial solid castoff of China's quantity discharged.Add up in the whole nation at present to store up more than 30 hundred million tons, taken up an area about 1.2 × 104 hectares.And the quantity discharged of annual coal gangue is equivalent to about 10% of coal production then.Year discharge rate will be greater than 1.6 hundred million tons.Stack coal gangue and not only take a large amount of soil, and contaminate environment, affect life and the health of people.In addition, often there is spontaneous combustion in coal gangue hill, not only wastes energy, and produce volume of smoke and obnoxious flavour.Also can there is detonation in the coal gangue hill of spontaneous combustion, also can bring out avalanche and landslide under certain conditions, the Architectural Equipment directly near harm and personnel safety.
China is for the application of coal gangue, and major part sintering makes colliery wastes brick, can components utilising waste resource, but burning can cause the waste of environmental pollution and resource.The present invention by adopting unburned technique, can make equally have heat insulation effect and also intensity is high, the colliery wastes brick of good toughness.The present invention fills a prescription rationally, adds the composition such as riverway sludge, waste glass powder, utilization of waste material, energy-conserving and environment-protective; Add leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm, light porous, enhance the toughness of product; Add expanded and vitrified small ball, add the heat-insulating property of product; Add the properties-correcting agent that special process is made, there is lightweight, insulation, sound-absorbing, antibacterial effect, enhance the over-all properties of colliery wastes brick; Lightweight of the present invention, good toughness, tensile strength are high, have wall thermal insulating effect, are conducive to construction wall insulation.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick of a kind of insulation and preparation method thereof.
In order to realize object of the present invention, the present invention is by following scheme implementation:
The toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick of a kind of insulation, is made up of the raw material of following weight part: coal gangue 50-60, Portland cement 7.5-9.5, sodium bicarbonate 1-2, riverway sludge 10-12, waste glass powder 4-6, unslaked lime 2-3, black liquid 7-9, EVA emulsion 4-5, expanded and vitrified small ball 2-3, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm 4-5, properties-correcting agent 7-9, water are appropriate;
Described properties-correcting agent is prepared from by the raw material of following weight part: sepiolite fibre 8-10, paper pulp tankage 13-15, Starso 1-1.5, light calcium carbonate powder 3-4, cocoanut active charcoal 5-7, silicon sol 6-9, epoxy Toenol 1140 2-3, Xylo-Mucine 3-4, bamboo carbon powder 3-4, Fructus Toosendan 1-2,75% ethanol 10-12, water 20-25, first by sepiolite fibre, cocoanut active charcoal is ground into 100-200 order powder, with light calcium carbonate powder, bamboo carbon powder, paper pulp tankage, suitable quantity of water mixes, after stirring 20-30 minute with the speed of 600-800 rev/min, add except Fructus Toosendan, all the other remaining components outside ethanol, be heated to 40 DEG C-50 DEG C, continue to stir 30-40 minute, make mixed slurry, then join in the ethanol of 75% ethanol after Fructus Toosendan being pulverized and soak that to cross leaching filtrate after 80-100 minute stand-by, again mixed slurry is passed in spray drying device, control inlet temperature 100-120 DEG C, air outlet temperature 80-100 DEG C, obtain mixed powder, finally filtrate is sprayed at mixed powder surface and namely obtains properties-correcting agent.
The toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick of one insulation of the present invention, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) mix being ground into 180-200 object powder after coal gangue, riverway sludge, waste glass powder, unslaked lime, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm mixing with black liquid, EVA emulsion, then all the other remaining components except Portland cement, properties-correcting agent are added, stir, then add extruding pelletization in tablets press;
(2) mixed with properties-correcting agent by Portland cement, add suitable quantity of water and make mixed slurry, then with particle mixing and stirring in step (2), form paste, then send in block machine and suppress, forming pressure controls be 20-25MPa;
(3) product after shaping is put moisture-keeping maintaining 21-28 at normal temperatures and namely obtain fragment of brick of the present invention.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention fills a prescription rationally, add leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm, light porous, enhance the toughness of product; Add expanded and vitrified small ball, add the heat-insulating property of product; Add the properties-correcting agent that special process is made, there is lightweight, insulation, sound-absorbing, antibacterial effect, enhance the over-all properties of colliery wastes brick; The present invention adopts unburned technique, decreases environmental pollution, reduces energy consumption, and simultaneously lightweight, good toughness, tensile strength are high, have wall thermal insulating effect, are conducive to construction wall insulation.
Specific embodiments
Below by specific examples, the present invention is described in detail.
The toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick of a kind of insulation, is made up of the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): coal gangue 50, Portland cement 7.5, sodium bicarbonate 1, riverway sludge 10, waste glass powder 4, unslaked lime 2, black liquid 7, EVA emulsion 4, expanded and vitrified small ball 2, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm 4, properties-correcting agent 7, water are appropriate;
Described properties-correcting agent is prepared from by the raw material of following weight part (kilogram): sepiolite fibre 8, paper pulp tankage 13, Starso 1, light calcium carbonate powder 3, cocoanut active charcoal 5, silicon sol 6, epoxy Toenol 1140 2, Xylo-Mucine 3, bamboo carbon powder 3, Fructus Toosendan 1,75% ethanol 10, water 20, first by sepiolite fibre, cocoanut active charcoal is ground into 100-200 order powder, with light calcium carbonate powder, bamboo carbon powder, paper pulp tankage, suitable quantity of water mixes, after stirring 20-30 minute with the speed of 600-800 rev/min, add except Fructus Toosendan, all the other remaining components outside ethanol, be heated to 40 DEG C-50 DEG C, continue to stir 30-40 minute, make mixed slurry, then join in the ethanol of 75% ethanol after Fructus Toosendan being pulverized and soak that to cross leaching filtrate after 80-100 minute stand-by, again mixed slurry is passed in spray drying device, control inlet temperature 100-120 DEG C, air outlet temperature 80-100 DEG C, obtain mixed powder, finally filtrate is sprayed at mixed powder surface and namely obtains properties-correcting agent.
The toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick of one insulation of the present invention, be made up of following concrete steps:
(1) mix being ground into 180-200 object powder after coal gangue, riverway sludge, waste glass powder, unslaked lime, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm mixing with black liquid, EVA emulsion, then all the other remaining components except Portland cement, properties-correcting agent are added, stir, then add extruding pelletization in tablets press;
(2) mixed with properties-correcting agent by Portland cement, add suitable quantity of water and make mixed slurry, then with particle mixing and stirring in step (2), form paste, then send in block machine and suppress, forming pressure controls be 20-25MPa;
(3) product after shaping is put moisture-keeping maintaining 21-28 at normal temperatures and namely obtain fragment of brick of the present invention.
Through various test determination, the properties of colliery wastes brick of the present invention is: density is 989 kg/m 3, thermal conductivity is 0.050W/ (m.K), and ultimate compression strength is 16.9Mpa.

Claims (2)

1. the toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick of insulation, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight part: coal gangue 50-60, Portland cement 7.5-9.5, sodium bicarbonate 1-2, riverway sludge 10-12, waste glass powder 4-6, unslaked lime 2-3, black liquid 7-9, EVA emulsion 4-5, expanded and vitrified small ball 2-3, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm 4-5, properties-correcting agent 7-9, water are appropriate;
Described properties-correcting agent is prepared from by the raw material of following weight part: sepiolite fibre 8-10, paper pulp tankage 13-15, Starso 1-1.5, light calcium carbonate powder 3-4, cocoanut active charcoal 5-7, silicon sol 6-9, epoxy Toenol 1140 2-3, Xylo-Mucine 3-4, bamboo carbon powder 3-4, Fructus Toosendan 1-2,75% ethanol 10-12, water 20-25, first by sepiolite fibre, cocoanut active charcoal is ground into 100-200 order powder, with light calcium carbonate powder, bamboo carbon powder, paper pulp tankage, suitable quantity of water mixes, after stirring 20-30 minute with the speed of 600-800 rev/min, add except Fructus Toosendan, all the other remaining components outside ethanol, be heated to 40 DEG C-50 DEG C, continue to stir 30-40 minute, make mixed slurry, then join in the ethanol of 75% ethanol after Fructus Toosendan being pulverized and soak that to cross leaching filtrate after 80-100 minute stand-by, again mixed slurry is passed in spray drying device, control inlet temperature 100-120 DEG C, air outlet temperature 80-100 DEG C, obtain mixed powder, finally filtrate is sprayed at mixed powder surface and namely obtains properties-correcting agent.
2. one is incubated toughness reinforcing unburned colliery wastes brick according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, is made up of following concrete steps:
(1) mix being ground into 180-200 object powder after coal gangue, riverway sludge, waste glass powder, unslaked lime, leaf sheath fibres of Fortune Windmillpalm mixing with black liquid, EVA emulsion, then all the other remaining components except Portland cement, properties-correcting agent are added, stir, then add extruding pelletization in tablets press;
(2) mixed with properties-correcting agent by Portland cement, add suitable quantity of water and make mixed slurry, then with particle mixing and stirring in step (2), form paste, then send in block machine and suppress, forming pressure controls be 20-25MPa;
(3) product after shaping is put moisture-keeping maintaining 21-28 at normal temperatures and namely obtain fragment of brick of the present invention.
CN201510044214.3A 2015-01-29 2015-01-29 Thermal-insulation and toughened burn-free colliery wastes brick and preparation method thereof Pending CN104724983A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108383473A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-08-10 方建波 A method of water-permeable brick is prepared based on gangue
US10047007B2 (en) 2016-04-29 2018-08-14 Frawa Productos Para La Construccion, S.A. De C.V. Formulation based on hydraulic cement added with amorphous glasses and micro-spheres for products of repair, maintenance or rehabilitation of concrete structures
CN108505673A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-09-07 济南大学 Activated carbon building block and the processing method of harmful substance can be adsorbed

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1048697A (en) * 1989-07-10 1991-01-23 抚顺辽宁发电厂科技开发服务处 The production method of coal-ash immersion brick
CN1287984A (en) * 2000-10-27 2001-03-21 翟冠杰 Method for producing fly-ash backed brick by using paper mill waste water to increase fly-ash percentage
CN101857400A (en) * 2010-04-22 2010-10-13 连来才 Lightweight insulating brick and production process thereof
CN101921099A (en) * 2010-09-07 2010-12-22 济南大学 Floatation algal residue paving brick
CN103708773A (en) * 2012-10-06 2014-04-09 天津市辰通商贸有限责任公司 Road decoration square brick and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1048697A (en) * 1989-07-10 1991-01-23 抚顺辽宁发电厂科技开发服务处 The production method of coal-ash immersion brick
CN1287984A (en) * 2000-10-27 2001-03-21 翟冠杰 Method for producing fly-ash backed brick by using paper mill waste water to increase fly-ash percentage
CN101857400A (en) * 2010-04-22 2010-10-13 连来才 Lightweight insulating brick and production process thereof
CN101921099A (en) * 2010-09-07 2010-12-22 济南大学 Floatation algal residue paving brick
CN103708773A (en) * 2012-10-06 2014-04-09 天津市辰通商贸有限责任公司 Road decoration square brick and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
夏寿荣主编: "《实用化学建材产品配方100例》", 31 July 2008, 化学工业出版社 *
李子东等主编: "《胶黏剂助剂》", 30 June 2009, 化学工业出版社 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US10047007B2 (en) 2016-04-29 2018-08-14 Frawa Productos Para La Construccion, S.A. De C.V. Formulation based on hydraulic cement added with amorphous glasses and micro-spheres for products of repair, maintenance or rehabilitation of concrete structures
CN108383473A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-08-10 方建波 A method of water-permeable brick is prepared based on gangue
CN108505673A (en) * 2018-04-03 2018-09-07 济南大学 Activated carbon building block and the processing method of harmful substance can be adsorbed

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Application publication date: 20150624