CN104676789B - A kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating - Google Patents

A kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104676789B
CN104676789B CN201410641878.3A CN201410641878A CN104676789B CN 104676789 B CN104676789 B CN 104676789B CN 201410641878 A CN201410641878 A CN 201410641878A CN 104676789 B CN104676789 B CN 104676789B
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Prior art keywords
air
water
fresh air
heat exchanger
motor
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CN201410641878.3A
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CN104676789A (en
Inventor
胡光南
胡星昭
胡向红
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ANHUI JUFA FOOD Co.,Ltd.
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胡光南
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F3/00Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems
    • F24F3/12Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling
    • F24F3/14Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification
    • F24F3/147Air-conditioning systems in which conditioned primary air is supplied from one or more central stations to distributing units in the rooms or spaces where it may receive secondary treatment; Apparatus specially designed for such systems characterised by the treatment of the air otherwise than by heating and cooling by humidification; by dehumidification with both heat and humidity transfer between supplied and exhausted air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F12/00Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening
    • F24F12/001Use of energy recovery systems in air conditioning, ventilation or screening with heat-exchange between supplied and exhausted air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/108Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using dry filter elements

Abstract

The invention provides a kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating, including casing, the heat exchanger and blower fan apparatus that are placed in casing, heat exchanger is the rotary-type heat accumulation filtering heat exchanger with air filtering function, it is made of the air filting material material with ventilative, water-fast, heat accumulation, heat exchange and filtering function, for carrying out indoor and outdoor air exchange and reclaiming the energy of exhaust, filtration, purification fresh air.Blower fan apparatus includes a motor and wind wheel component.The type that can freeze also includes water system and fresh air dehumidifying system, before room air discharge is outdoor in machine constant enthalpy moistening and lowering temperature to close to wet-bulb temperature, while cold filtration heat exchanger, the fresh air got in exchanges heat and cooled with cooled filtering heat exchanger, the wet refrigeration such as realization, system dehumidification can be also dehumidified, realizes that isothermal dehumidifying freezes.This ventilator has refrigeration, purification function simultaneously, compressor-free, non-freon, simple in construction, little power consumption, it can replace the professional airhandling equipment such as existing compressed air conditioner, fresh air ventilator, air purifier, air cooler, warmer in many occasions, family and public place are can be widely applied to, with very high Technological Economy value.

Description

A kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of indoor air handler, particularly taken a breath with indoor and outdoor and reclaim ventilation energy and new Wind purification, the air interchanger for a variety of functions of freezing.
Background technology
Taken a breath as the improvement of people's living standards, people take a breath and reclaimed to refrigeration, the indoor and outdoor of the air in room Energy and the demand purified the air of a room are more and more urgent, but be provided simultaneously with the air processor in the markets of these functions also from Do not had, people have to meet these demands with multiple devices such as fresh air ventilator, compressed air conditioner device, air purifiers, Not only invest high, floor space is big, and has the shortcomings that some are difficult to overcome.
Fresh air ventilator:What at home and abroad market dominated is cross-flow plate type heat exchanger, and category dividing wall type is indirect Heat exchange, its actual heat recovery rate reaches that 50% is all very difficult.In addition easily blocked the short of service life almost makes it lose reality The economic value that border is used.Though the slightly higher rotary-type ventilator category convection type direct contact heat transfer of efficiency, the sky for the runner that exchanges heat Vent hole is corrugated or cellular, and no air filtering function does not have refrigerating function more certainly, and complicated, at least needs to use Three motor, manufacturing cost is higher, just lower with the life-span, and it is even more than plate type heat exchanger much less that can be put to example on probation.
Compressed air conditioner device:Prior art equipment power consumption is high, complicated, manufacturing cost is high, refrigerant is destruction air Chlorine Lyons of ozone layer, it, which develops, does not meet the world trends of environmental protection and energy saving, there is no the current of effective substitute, it a large amount of Use a kind of simply unavoidable makeshift.In recent years many people attempt to solve this problem with water evaporation cooling, utilize water The evaporation type air conditioner domestic type of direct evaporative cooling is commonly called as " air cooler ", and commercial style is commonly called as " environment-friendly air conditioner ", but its principle It is air equal-enthalpy humidifying, can only cool to freeze, China most area higher to humidity is impossible to replace compression Air-conditioning.Number of patent application is 201210168743.0, entitled " it is empty that dew point is indirectly, direct evaporative cooler modularization evaporates cooling Adjust " creativity and innovation attempt a kind of be combined with direct evaporating-cooling and indirect evaporating-cooling technical scheme to replace compression Air conditioner, but its indirect evaporating-cooling is wall-type heat exchange, efficiency is very low, play a major role be still direct evaporating-cooling etc. Enthalpy is humidified, and its effect does not improve at all than evaporation type air conditioner, and outdoor air full heat drop after processing is low seldom, Zhi Nengjie Its nearly wet-bulb temperature, it is impossible to which close to dew point, structure is more complicated on the contrary, and cost is higher, it is difficult to using.
To overcome the shortcoming of existing compressed air conditioner, industry has carried out substantial amounts of trial, mainly in absorption type air-conditioner and removes In terms of wet air-conditioning.Absorption type air-conditioner is in addition to equipment investment is higher than compression, and corrosivity, the system that also there is hygroscopic agent are close Envelope property and the problem for needing thermal source, economize on electricity not to save, industry is it is thought that the Air-conditioning Development insurmountable barrier.Dehumidification air conditioner Heat source is equally existed, though sharp solar energy and other low-grade heat sources can save energy equipment investment and the limitation of domestic consumer Its popularization and application are constrained, their overall economics far can not be comparable with compressed air conditioner.
From refrigeration principle, any of the above technical scheme does not break through the office of single evaporation refrigeration or desiccant cooling Limit, so also difficulty has breakthrough improvement to their technical-economic index.
Air purifier:The family necessary to today that air pollution turns into focus of concern is quickly become average family Occupy facility, but it can only eliminate the solid particle in room air, it is a small number of to decompose or harmful gas such as formaldehyde adsorption, benzene Body, but its efficiency is very low, and must being closed the door when using, indoor carbon dioxide, the savings of carbon monoxide, fresh oxygen lack The weary health to people brings new harm, with health care maximum magic weapon --- ventilation runs in the opposite direction, not to mention The configuration of its family expenses is exactly thousands of members even members up to ten thousand easily, allows ordinary consumer to hope and halt.
In addition this three kind equipment is that Each performs its own functions, and a general human residential space needs three complete, both uneconomical, is shown again It is numerous and diverse, or even the burden as family.
Consumer looks forward to having a kind of while there is indoor and outdoor to take a breath and ventilation energy and purification refrigeration fresh air is reclaimed, without compression The conditioner of a variety of functions such as machine, the refrigeration of non-freon is born, but has not yet to see such technical scheme so far.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome prior art function single, it is impossible to while the need for meeting air cleaning, refrigeration, and Existing air-conditioner power consumption is high, complicated, manufacturing cost is high, pollution environment, and existing ventilator heat recovery rate is low, service life is short, Existing air purifier be unable to the shortcoming of ventilation there is provided a kind of function and high efficiency for being provided simultaneously with the kind equipment of the above three, The air-treatment technology and equipment of low cost.
To achieve the above object, the present invention devises a kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating, including casing 10, is placed in Heat exchanging chamber is provided with heat exchanger and blower fan apparatus 30 in casing, casing 10, the heat exchanger is with air filtering function Heat exchanger 20 is filtered, is a kind of rotary-type heat accumulation filtering heat exchanger, the heat exchange rotated when it includes work around its center axis turns Wheel 22;Filtering heat exchanger 20 and blower fan apparatus 30 1 are placed in heat exchanging chamber.
Filtering heat exchanger 20 and blower fan apparatus 30 1 are placed in heat exchanging chamber;
Blower fan apparatus includes a motor 33 and the wind wheel component 31 on motor output shaft, and exchange heat runner 22 Rotation axis and the rotation axis of motor 33 mutually coincide.
Midfeather 15 and diaphragm plate 16 are provided with the casing 10, the heat exchanging chamber in casing is divided into fresh air ante-chamber by them 101st, fresh air back cavity 102 and air draft ante-chamber 103, air draft back cavity 104;There is manhole at the middle part of midfeather 15, and heat exchange runner is placed in In the plane of midfeather 15 among the through hole;Heat exchange runner 22 is divided into the fresh air area 221 constantly shifted and row by diaphragm plate 16 Wind area 222, fall into fresh air chamber i.e. fresh air ante-chamber and back cavity for fresh air area, fall into air draft chamber for exhaust zone, heat exchange runner turns When dynamic, its each region continuously comes in and goes out fresh air chamber and air draft chamber, then its regional is also continuously periodically in fresh air Changed between area and exhaust zone.Having on fresh air ante-chamber enclosure wall on the air outlet 12 in communication chamber, air draft ante-chamber enclosure wall has company Lead on indoor return air inlet 11, fresh air back cavity enclosure wall to have on the outdoor fresh wind port 13 of connection, air draft back cavity enclosure wall and have connection Outdoor exhaust outlet 14;
The motor 33 also includes a reducing gear 34, for the high rotating speed of motor to be reduced into the slow-speed of revolution and then drive Move hot runner slow rotation, the input element of reducing gear is fixed on the output shaft of motor, output element, which is fixed on, to be changed On hot runner 22;Reducing gear 34 is multiple stage gear reduction device or harmonic speed reducer, worm type of reduction gearing, the multi-stage gear Decelerator includes the driving gear 341 being fixed on wind wheel motor output shaft, the driven gear being fixed on same jackshaft 342nd, rear class driving gear 343 and be fixed on heat exchange runner center side rear class driven gear 344.
Reducing gear 34 can also be replaced with independent decelerator 225, and the runner 221 that now exchanges heat also includes the electricity that slows down Motivation 225, shaft coupling 226 and the central shaft 21A being fixedly connected with heat exchange runner, the output of shaft coupling and decelerator 225 Axle is fixedly connected with central shaft 21A.
Manufacturing cost is a little high, but the axiality requirement of motor 33 and the runner that exchanges heat can be relaxed significantly when installing, and Heat exchange runner each speed regulation can be achieved.Decelerator mechanism 34A includes decelerator 34A1 and driving member 34A2, driving member 34A2 is shaft coupling or gear pair, and the driver pinion of gear pair is fixed on decelerator output shaft, and driven gear wheel is consolidated It is scheduled on heat exchange runner 22
The filtering heat exchanger 20 also includes central shaft 21, and central shaft is installed with the coaxial line of motor 33, and exchange heat runner 22 Rotate about.
It is described heat exchange runner 22 by high-molecular compound polyester fiber, glass fibre or it is other have concurrently it is ventilative, water-fast, storage Heat, heat exchange and the high surface area rate of filtering function, the air filting material material of high voidage are made, during air permeable and air Direct contact heat transfer is carried out, purification filtering is carried out to air while heat exchange.
The wind wheel component 31 includes a centrifugal fresh air wind wheel 31X, is placed in fresh air ante-chamber 101 and air draft ante-chamber 103 Interior, its air inlet is arranged in fresh air ante-chamber, the air inlet of fresh air wind wheel is connected with fresh air ante-chamber 101, its air outlet with Air outlet 12 is connected.The outdoor fresh air introduced by fresh air wind wheel sets up certain positive air pressure indoors, and inside and outside forming chamber Draught head, room air enters in machine in the presence of this draught head, through heat exchange runner discharge machine outside, form turnover equivalent Air exchange.The ventilator of this single wind wheel is applied to the preferable room of sealing.
The poor room of most of sealings needs the equivalent for realizing turnover space air with two wind wheels to exchange, the wind Wheel assembly 31 includes an a centrifugal fresh air wind wheel 31X and centrifugal air draft wind wheel 31P, and the motor 33 is Double shaft-extension Motor 33A, fresh air wind wheel 31X and air draft wind wheel 31P are separately fixed on the output shaft of Double shaft-extension motor two ends stretching;Row Wind wind wheel 31P is placed in fresh air back cavity 102 and air draft back cavity 104, and its air inlet is arranged in air draft back cavity, make its with after air draft Chamber is connected;The motor 33 is slender type, and its motor casing axial length can typically be more than its diameter.The filtering is changed Two combine into one with the shell of motor 33 for the central shaft 21 of hot device 20, heat exchange runner 22 be sleeved on motor casing, using its as Supporting is rotated about.
To prevent the periphery gas blowby of runner 22 that exchanges heat, can respectively it be fixedly mounted in fresh air back cavity 102 and air draft ante-chamber 103 There is semi-annular shape aeroseal ring plate 224, aeroseal ring plate is made of laminar flexible wear-resistant material, is fixed on midfeather 15 On, its free margins is covered on the air inlet lateral edges of heat exchange runner.Midfeather 15 is split into left and right two halves preferably by center, point It is not concordant with the hot air intake surface of runner 22 to be fixed on casing inner wall.
Outdoor rain or foreign matter enter in machine from air port during to prevent from shutting down, the fresh wind port 13 and exhaust outlet 14 of the casing It is interior to be provided with hermatic door 131, air duct 13-14, hermatic door sealed electric-motor 132 can be also provided between fresh wind port and exhaust outlet Or solenoid actuated, air port outside closed chamber during for stopping with outdoor ventilation, open air duct 13-14.
Oneself is by preliminary filtration, purification after the heat exchange runner through filtering heat exchanger for fresh air, to adapt to want air purity Higher place is asked, high efficiency particle air filter 23 need to be set before the fresh air wind wheel 31X of wind wheel component fresh inlet 31X1. High efficiency particle air filter surface can adhere to the absorption such as photocatalyst, cold catalyst, activated carbon or kill the scavenging material of germ.
The machine, using can also be freezed to fresh air, is that this need only set water system 50 in the machine, turned into summer One has purification and the ventilator of refrigerating function.Water system 50 is used to exchange heat to room air to be discharged and/or filtering Device, which supplies water, to be humidified, and exhaust constant enthalpy is cooled to wet-bulb temperature, makes its cold while the exhaust zone 222 for passing through heat exchange runner exchanges heat therewith But arrive close to the wet-bulb temperature, outdoor fresh air contacts heat exchange after entering the fresh air area 221 of heat exchange runner, itself by etc. wet drop Temperature arrives indoor close to wet-bulb temperature feeding, because temperature is constantly reduced in treasured, every time the close interior of the indoor new air temperature of feeding The wet-bulb temperature of air, and water capacity does not increase, so Step wise approximation dew point.Water system 50 includes being placed in casing 10 herein The water pipe 55 of water tank 51, water pump 52 or the water compensating valve 53 of bottom, water-feed 54 and connection water pump or water compensating valve and water-feed, supplies water Device 54 is placed in air draft ante-chamber 103;Water pump 52 is the immersible pump inserted in water tank 51, and water compensating valve 53 is what is connected with running water pipe Automatically controlled taps, water-feed 54 includes one or more atomizer apertures being placed in air draft ante-chamber or is provided with the water distribution of multiple water sprayering holes Pipe.The ventilator of this configuration is dew point to the limit of air cooling, air is more xeothermic, dew point lower ground area use it is desirable For conventional compression formula air conditioner, its manufacturing cost and Energy in use is greatly reduced.
It is the higher area of dew point in relatively hectic fever, ventilator described above can not still provide enough refrigerating capacitys, also need Set up fresh air dehumidifying system 60.
Fresh air dehumidifying system 60 is solution dehumidification system, including the hygroscopic solution circulatory system 61, for being absorbed from fresh air The dehumidifier 62 of moisture and the inspissator 63 for being dehydrated hygroscopic solution itself;The dehumidifier 62, which is placed in fresh air ante-chamber 101, to be changed Between the fresh air area 221 of hot runner 22 and air outlet 12, air draft wind wheel 31P air inlet and fresh air back cavity 102 use fresh air channel 31P1 is connected;Inspissator 63 is placed at fresh air channel 31P1, and they are air filtration network structure, with corrosion resistant air mistake Filter material material is made;
It is cloth liquid bath 611 that solution recycle system includes being placed in above dehumidifier and inspissator, following collecting tank 612, defeated Liquid pump 613 and connection infusion pump and cloth liquid bath, the piping 614 of collecting tank, piping include the hygroscopic solution being placed in water tank 51 Cooler 6141;Hygroscopic solution is pumped into cloth liquid bath by infusion pump, is spread across by cloth liquid bath cloth on dehumidifier and inspissator, online With flowing downstream into collecting tank after air-flow mass transfer, cooler is flowed into entering back into transfusion after the water septate heat transfer in water tank by collecting tank Pump, forms constantly circulation.
Hygroscopic solution in the hygroscopic solution circulatory system 61 is calcium chloride or lithium bromide water solution;
The hygroscopic solution cooler 6141 is shell-and-tube heat exchanger, with thermal conductivity good metal hose or multiple branch circuit The underwater that plastic pipe in parallel is immersed in water tank 51 is constituted, the two ends connection collecting tank 612 and infusion pump 613 of pipe;
During work outdoor fresh air through filtering heat exchanger by etc. dehumidifier 62 is passed through after wet refrigeration again, be sprinkled upon dehumidifier with cloth On the direct contact mass transfer of hygroscopic solution, hygroscopic solution that contained humidity is concentrated absorbs, and humidity reduces and realizes second level system It is cold --- isothermal dehumidifying.
Another strand of outdoor air enters from fresh wind port, and through inspissator 63, the hygroscopic solution being sprinkled upon with cloth on inspissator is straight Contact mass transfer is connect, by the moisture evaporation in solution, itself water capacity is improved, and finally discharges outdoor from exhaust outlet, solution is in mass transfer Middle its concentration of dehydration is also accordingly improved, and realizes concentration process.
If outdoor temperature is not included, very high but relative humidity is very high, and above-mentioned concentration process effect is just poor, to improve concentration effect Really, electric heater 633 can be set in the inlet side of inspissator 63, to reduce the relative humidity through the fresh air of inspissator so as to carry Highly enriched effect.Electric heater 633 is the positive temperature coefficient ceramic electric-heating assembly with metal fin or the electricity of the metal with metal fin Heat pipe.
Electric-control system 40 is additionally provided with the casing 10, the work for controlling each electrical equipment in the ventilator, it Including level sensor 42 and humidity sensor 43 or temperature sensor 44;
Level sensor is float-type transmitter, is arranged in water tank 51;
Humidity sensor or temperature sensor are arranged at the end close to the exhaust zone of heat exchange runner in air draft back cavity 104 Place.
The beneficial effect of invention is:
The invention provides a kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating, while there is the refrigeration of low energy consumption, purification function, Compressor-free, non-freon, simple in construction, little power consumption, overcome the various drawbacks of prior art, can replace in many occasions The specialty airhandling equipment such as existing fresh air ventilator, compressed air conditioner device, air purifier, air cooler, warmer, can be wide It is general to be applied to family and public place, with very high Technological Economy value.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description:
Fig. 1 is the vertical view level cross-sectionn schematic diagram of embodiment 1,
Fig. 2 is the vertical view level cross-sectionn schematic diagram of embodiment 2,
Fig. 3 is the vertical view level cross-sectionn schematic diagram of embodiment 3,
Fig. 4 is the vertical cross-sectional view of embodiment 3,
Fig. 5 is fresh air refrigerating process enthalpy-wet figure of embodiment 3
Fig. 6 is the vertical cross-sectional view of embodiment 4,
Fig. 7 is the vertical view level cross-sectionn schematic diagram of embodiment 4,
Fig. 8 is fresh air refrigerating process enthalpy-wet figure of embodiment 4,
Fig. 9 is the vertical view level cross-sectionn schematic diagram of embodiment 5,
Figure 10 is the vertical view level cross-sectionn schematic diagram of embodiment 6.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
The embodiment of the present invention 1 is a kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating, as shown in Figure 1.
This example is included in casing 10, the filtering heat exchanger 20 and blower fan apparatus 30 being placed in casing, casing 10 provided with heat exchange Chamber, filtering heat exchanger 20 is that rotary-type heat accumulation filters heat exchanger, including the heat exchange runner 22 rotated during work around its center axis.
Filtering heat exchanger 20 and blower fan apparatus 30 1 are placed in heat exchanging chamber;
Midfeather 15 and diaphragm plate 16 are provided with the casing 10, the heat exchanging chamber in casing is divided into fresh air ante-chamber by them 101st, fresh air back cavity 102 and air draft ante-chamber 103, air draft back cavity 104;There is manhole at the middle part of midfeather 15, and heat exchange runner is placed in In the plane of midfeather 15 among the through hole;Heat exchange runner 22 is divided into the fresh air area 221 constantly shifted and row by diaphragm plate 16 Wind area 222, fall into fresh air chamber i.e. fresh air ante-chamber and back cavity for fresh air area, fall into air draft chamber for exhaust zone, heat exchange runner turns When dynamic, its each region continuously comes in and goes out fresh air chamber and air draft chamber, then its regional is also continuously periodically in fresh air Changed between area and exhaust zone.Having on fresh air ante-chamber enclosure wall on the air outlet 12 in communication chamber, air draft ante-chamber enclosure wall has company Lead on indoor return air inlet 11, fresh air back cavity enclosure wall to have on the outdoor fresh wind port 13 of connection, air draft back cavity enclosure wall and have connection Outdoor exhaust outlet 14;
The filtering heat exchanger 20 also includes central shaft 21, and central shaft is installed with the coaxial line of motor 33, and exchange heat runner 22 Rotate about.
The heat exchange runner 22 is made up of filter core and framework, and filter core is air filting material, by high-molecular compound polyester Fiber, glass fibre or other high surface area rates for having ventilative, water-fast, heat accumulation, heat exchange and filtering function concurrently, the sky of high voidage Gas filtering material material is made, and direct contact heat transfer is carried out with air during air permeable, air is carried out while heat exchange net Change filtering.
Blower fan apparatus includes a motor 33 and the wind wheel component 31 on motor output shaft, and exchange heat runner 22 Rotation axis and the rotation axis of motor 33 mutually coincide.Wind wheel component 31 includes centrifugal fresh air wind wheel 31X and air draft Wind wheel 31P, motor 33 is that Double shaft-extension motor 33A, fresh air wind wheel 31X and air draft wind wheel 31P are separately fixed at Double shaft-extension electricity On the output shaft that motivation two ends are stretched out.Fresh air wind wheel is placed in fresh air ante-chamber 101 and air draft ante-chamber 103, and its air inlet is arranged on In fresh air ante-chamber, the air inlet of fresh air wind wheel is set to be connected with fresh air ante-chamber 101, its air outlet is connected with air outlet 12.Row Wind wind wheel 31P is placed in fresh air back cavity 102 and air draft back cavity 104, and its air inlet is arranged in air draft back cavity, make its with after air draft Chamber is connected;The motor 33 is slender type, and its motor casing axial length can typically be more than its diameter.
Two combine into one with the shell of motor 33 for the central shaft 21 of the filtering heat exchanger 20, and heat exchange runner 22 is sleeved on electricity On motivation shell, rotated about using it as supporting.
The motor 33 also includes a reducing gear 34, for the high rotating speed of motor to be reduced into the slow-speed of revolution and then drive Move hot runner slow rotation, the input element of reducing gear is fixed on the output shaft of motor, output element, which is fixed on, to be changed On hot runner 22;Reducing gear 34 is multiple stage gear reduction device or harmonic speed reducer, worm type of reduction gearing, the multi-stage gear Decelerator includes the driving gear 341 being fixed on wind wheel motor output shaft, the driven gear being fixed on same jackshaft 342nd, rear class driving gear 343 and be fixed on heat exchange runner center side rear class driven gear 344.
To prevent the periphery gas blowby of runner 22 that exchanges heat, half is installed with respectively in fresh air back cavity 102 and air draft ante-chamber 103 Circular aeroseal ring plate 224, aeroseal ring plate is made of laminar flexible wear-resistant material, is fixed on midfeather 15, Its free margins is covered on the air inlet lateral edges of heat exchange runner.Midfeather 15 is split into left and right two halves by center, respectively with changing The hot air intake surface of runner 22 is concordantly fixed on casing inner wall.
Oneself is by preliminary filtration, purification after the heat exchange runner through filtering heat exchanger for fresh air, to adapt to want air purity Higher place such as ward, toilet etc. are asked, height need to be set before the fresh air wind wheel 31X of wind wheel component fresh inlet 31X1 Imitate air cleaner 23.High efficiency particle air filter abbreviation HEPA, can filter out more than 99.9%, its surface is also by 0.3 μm of dust Photocatalyst, cold catalyst, activated carbon etc. can be adhered to and kill germ or absorption, the scavenging material for decomposing peculiar smell.
When the machine works, room air enters from return air inlet, through the exhaust zone of heat exchange runner, and contact is carried out therewith and is changed Make the close empty interior air themperature of temperature of its air inlet side after heat, heat exchange.On the other hand.Outdoor fresh air enters from fresh wind port, thoroughly The fresh air area of heat exchange runner is crossed, carries out making after contact heat-exchanging, heat exchange its air inlet side therewith because being heated up absorbing the heat of fresh air To close to outside air temperature, and outlet side is the air inlet side of exhaust zone last week, its temperature close to indoor air temperature, so Fresh air and the temperature of the fresh air area outlet side of heat exchange runner are approached, namely close with indoor temperature, and whole heat transfer process, heat exchange turns That takes turns leans on indoor close to indoor temperature, by outdoor close to outdoor fresh air temperature, keeps certain thermograde.Just due to this Gradient makes outdoor fresh air gradually change to indoor temperature from outdoor temperature in heat transfer process, reaches that room air is updated but temperature is protected The purpose being basically unchanged is held, that is, the air-conditioning energy entrained by the room air discharged has been reclaimed in ventilation.Fresh air is through tool Have after the heat exchange runner and high-efficiency air filtering gas of filtering function, also reached the purpose of required purification.This embodiment is The equipment of one heat preservation aeration and fresh air purifying.
Embodiment 2
The embodiment of the present invention 2 is a kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating more simplified, as shown in Figure 2.This example with Example 1 is essentially identical, and not existing together is only that and eliminates air draft wind wheel, only uses a fresh air wind wheel 31X, and its rotation is driven accordingly Motor is the flat motor 33A that single shaft is stretched.
The heat exchange runner 22 of filtering heat exchanger need not be sleeved on motor casing, and central shaft 21 can be mutual with motor Separate and be fixedly connected with heat exchange runner, their axiality requirement can relax even without coaxial significantly during installation.Driving is changed The reducing gear 34 of hot runner is replaced with independent decelerator 225, and the runner 221 that now exchanges heat also includes decelerator 225th, shaft coupling 226 and with the heat exchange central shaft 21A that is fixedly connected of runner, the output shaft of shaft coupling and decelerator 225 and Central shaft 21A is fixedly connected.Certain decelerator can be also driven by gear pair with central shaft 21, the small tooth of active of gear pair Wheel is fixed on decelerator output shaft, and driven gear wheel is fixed in heat exchange runner 22 or central shaft.Independent deceleration Though motor mechanism manufacturing cost is a little high, heat exchange runner each speed regulation can be realized.
For increase fresh air wind wheel incoming air area to reduce the windage of high efficiency particle air filter, by the air inlet of fresh air wind wheel Half fenestra in air draft ante-chamber is open-minded, to place high efficiency particle air filter, and with before semicircle pheasant face dividing plate 311 and air draft Chamber separates.
In addition, during for ease of wall-mounting, fresh wind port 13 and exhaust outlet 14 lead to outdoor from same porthole, this example by it Be closely packed together, stretch out wall it is outer after connect fresh wind tube again and exhaust duct is separated by a distance.
Outdoor rain or foreign matter enter in machine from air port during to prevent from shutting down, the fresh wind port 13 and exhaust outlet 14 of the machine casing It is interior to be provided with hermatic door 131, air duct 13-14 is further opened between fresh wind port and exhaust outlet.Hermatic door sealed electric-motor 132 Or solenoid actuated, during sealed electric-motor counterclockwise, hermatic door 131 open newly, exhaust outlet, while sealing air duct 13-14, when rotating clockwise hermatic door 131 close newly, exhaust outlet.Air duct 13-14 is opened, fresh wind port and exhaust outlet are in machine Interior directly to connect, the room air come out from heat exchange runner enters in machine from fresh wind port again is re-fed into interior, now this entrance Shut down or the simple shape that purifies the air of a room reaches.
Hermatic door can also use solenoid actuated, and cost is slightly lower but noise is slightly higher.
The outdoor fresh air that the machine is introduced when working by fresh air wind wheel is set up inside and outside certain positive air pressure, forming chamber indoors Draught head, room air enters in machine in the presence of this draught head, through heat exchange runner discharge machine outside, form turnover equivalent Air exchange.The ventilator of this single wind wheel is applied to the preferable room of sealing.
Embodiment 3
The embodiment of the present invention 3 is a kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of the multi-function rotating with refrigerating function, such as the institute of Fig. 3,4,5 Show.The machine structure and example 1 are essentially identical, and difference is the increase in water system 50, have purification and refrigerating function as one Ventilator, there is no the not enough place of air conditioner or air-conditioning to indoor air purification and refrigeration in Summer Indoor.
Water system 50 is used to room air to be discharged and/or filtering heat exchanger are supplied water and humidified, and makes the enthalpy drops such as exhaust Temperature arrives wet-bulb temperature, is allowed to cool to while the exhaust zone 222 for passing through heat exchange runner exchanges heat therewith close to the wet-bulb temperature, outdoor Fresh air enter heat exchange runner fresh air area 221 after contact heat exchange, itself by etc. it is wet cool to close to wet-bulb temperature feeding room Interior, because temperature is constantly reduced in treasured, the indoor new air temperature of feeding is close to the wet-bulb temperature of room air, and water capacity every time Do not increase, so Step wise approximation dew point.
Water system 50 includes being placed in water tank 51, water pump 52 or water compensating valve 53, the and of water-feed 54 of the bottom of casing 10 herein The water pipe 55 of water pump or water compensating valve and water-feed is connected, water-feed 54 is placed in air draft ante-chamber 103;Water pump 52 is to insert water tank 51 Interior immersible pump, water compensating valve 53 is the automatically controlled taps connected with running water pipe, and water-feed 54 includes one or more rows of being placed in Atomizer aperture in wind ante-chamber or the water distributor for being provided with multiple water sprayering holes.The ventilator of this configuration is dew to the limit of air cooling Point, air is more xeothermic, dew point lower ground area using may replace conventional compression formula air conditioner, be greatly reduced its manufacturing cost and Energy in use.
In addition, the windage to reduce high efficiency particle air filter, using half-conical dividing plate 311 same as Example 2 and row Wind ante-chamber separates to increase the incoming air area of fresh air wind wheel, and another difference with embodiment 13 is the rear class of reducing gear 34 Driven gear 344 is changed into external gear from internal gear, and this is only the diversity changed in schematic construction, has no substantial variation.
The machine is when cooling condition works, and the state change process of room air is as shown in Figure 5.Fig. 5 is a typical work Under condition in the enthalpy of the process of refrigerastion of air-wet figure, figure, state point ai is indoor air conditions, and bi is the room air of ai states State of the humidification to wet-bulb temperature relative humidity 95% in this ventilator.Room air process of refrigerastion is as follows:
1), state point a1 is air regime in start cup, and identical with outdoor, its dry-bulb temperature, enthalpy, water capacity are respectively 45.0℃、76.4kJ/kg、12.0g/kg。
2), start shooting after, state for a1 room air to be discharged filtering heat exchanger in equal-enthalpy humidifying to wet-bulb temperature, State is changed into b1 points, its dry-bulb temperature, relative humidity, enthalpy, 25.7 DEG C of water capacity difference, 95%, 76.4kJ/kg, 19.8g/kg. The temperature of the filtering heat exchanger directly contacted therewith simultaneously is also close to 25.7 DEG C;
3), state enters filtering heat exchanger for a1 outdoor air, is in direct contact with it the wet refrigeration such as heat exchange, and temperature is dropped to Close to 25.7 DEG C, get in and be changed into state a2 after the thermic load in absorption chamber, about 31 DEG C of temperature, enthalpy are 62.0kJ/kg, containing wet Amount is not changed into 12.0g/kg;
4), state a2 room air is outdoor through filtering heat exchanger discharge again, and equal-enthalpy humidifying is to wet in filtering heat exchanger Ball temperature, state is changed into b2 points, and exhaust and the temperature of filtering heat exchanger drop to about 21.9 DEG C;
5), state enters filtering heat exchanger for a1 outdoor air, is in direct contact with it the wet refrigeration such as heat exchange, and temperature is dropped to Close to 21.9 DEG C, get in and be changed into state a3 after the thermic load in absorption chamber, about 25 DEG C of temperature, enthalpy are 55.8kJ/kg, containing wet Amount is not changed into 12.0g/kg;
6), so constantly circulation, the room air wet cooling such as constantly, state point constantly along etc. wet line move down into A4, a5 ... point, until reaching its limiting condition --- dew point.
Above ai points are state change track of the room air when ventilator works, ai by a1 along etc. under wet line Move, to the last approach dew point.Ai motion track is made up of substantial amounts of intensive discrete point, and the air output of ventilator is bigger, Each circulation temperature lowering is more, and dispersion is higher.Several state points in example are optional to be used for the state point during analyzing.
Because relative humidity will start to do not feel like oneself more than 70% people, so state a4 can be taken as preferable operating point.This Operating mode original state temperature oneself up to 45.0 DEG C of high point, but because water capacity only has 12.0g/kg, remain to reach after handling through the machine To highly desirable state.
Usually get on very well, all dew points are less than 22 DEG C or water capacity is less than 17.0g/kg climatic condition, all may be used using the machine 26 DEG C of temperature, the air-conditioning effect of relative humidity 70% or so are obtained, compressed air conditioner is may replace, in the most areas of China most High temperature season can all meet this condition.
Embodiment 4
The embodiment of the present invention 4 is a kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating with secondary refrigeration function, such as Fig. 6,7,8 It is shown.This example is further added by a set of fresh air dehumidifying system 60 on the basis of example 3, by through etc. the fresh air of wet cooling refrigeration dropped again It is wet, the secondary refrigeration of isothermal dehumidifying is realized, further to improve refrigerating capacity, to be the higher area of dew point in relatively hectic fever Replace compressed air conditioner device.
Fresh air dehumidifying system 60 is solution dehumidification system, including the hygroscopic solution circulatory system 61, for being absorbed from fresh air The dehumidifier 62 of moisture and the inspissator 63 for being dehydrated hygroscopic solution itself;The dehumidifier 62, which is placed in fresh air ante-chamber 101, to be changed Between the fresh air area 221 of hot runner 22 and air outlet 12 (or fresh air wind wheel), air draft wind wheel 31P air inlet and fresh air back cavity 102 are connected with fresh air channel 31P1;Inspissator 63 is placed at fresh air channel 31P1, and they are air filtration network structure, is used Corrosion resistant air filting material is made;Solution recycle system include be placed in the cloth liquid bath 611 above dehumidifier and inspissator, under The collecting tank 612 in face, infusion pump 613 and connection infusion pump and cloth liquid bath, the piping 614 of collecting tank, piping include being placed in water Hygroscopic solution cooler 6141 in case 51;Hygroscopic solution is pumped into cloth liquid bath by infusion pump, and dehumidifier is spread across by cloth liquid bath cloth On inspissator, on the net with flowing downstream into collecting tank after air-flow mass transfer, flowed into by collecting tank between the water in cooler and water tank Infusion pump is entered back into after wall heat exchange, constantly circulation is formed.
Hygroscopic solution in the hygroscopic solution circulatory system 61 is calcium chloride or lithium bromide water solution;
The hygroscopic solution cooler 6141 is shell-and-tube heat exchanger, with thermal conductivity good metal hose or multiple branch circuit The underwater that plastic pipe in parallel is immersed in water tank 51 is constituted, the two ends connection collecting tank 612 and infusion pump 613 of pipe;
During work outdoor fresh air through filtering heat exchanger by etc. dehumidifier 62 is passed through after wet refrigeration again, be sprinkled upon dehumidifier with cloth On the direct contact mass transfer of hygroscopic solution, hygroscopic solution that contained humidity is concentrated absorbs, and humidity reduces and realizes second level system It is cold --- isothermal dehumidifying.
Another strand of outdoor air enters from fresh wind port, and through inspissator 63, the hygroscopic solution being sprinkled upon with cloth on inspissator is straight Contact mass transfer is connect, by the moisture evaporation in solution, itself water capacity is improved, and finally discharges outdoor from exhaust outlet, solution is in mass transfer Middle its concentration of dehydration is also accordingly improved, and realizes concentration process.
If outdoor temperature is not included, very high but relative humidity is very high, and above-mentioned concentration process effect is just poor, to improve concentration effect Really, electric heater 633 can be set in the inlet side of inspissator 63, to reduce the relative humidity through the fresh air of inspissator so as to carry Highly enriched effect.Electric heater 633 is the positive temperature coefficient ceramic electric-heating assembly with metal fin or the electricity of the metal with metal fin Heat pipe.
Electric-control system 40 is additionally provided with casing 10, the work for controlling each electrical equipment in the ventilator, it includes Circuit board, level sensor 42 and humidity sensor 43 or temperature sensor 44.
Level sensor is float-type transmitter, is arranged in water tank 51, when the water tank water surface reaches the water level upper limit of setting When, sensor sends " water is full " electric signal, and instruction electric-control system 40 closes water compensating valve 53, when the water tank water surface reaches the water level of setting During lower limit, sensor sends " water shortage " electric signal, and instruction electric-control system 40, which switches off the pump, 52 and opens water compensating valve 53.
Humidity sensor or temperature sensor are arranged at the end close to the exhaust zone of heat exchange runner in air draft back cavity 104, I.e. runner will be transferred to the position in fresh air area from exhaust zone, and water-feed is away from herein.It is when passing through heat exchange runner exhaust zone end When the humidity or temperature that discharge outdoor room air are started into change, change heat exchange runner is sent by electric-control system 40 The instruction of 22 rotating speeds.Humidity such as exhaust will start reduction, or temperature starts rise, illustrate that the exhaust zone of heat exchange runner is switching to Oneself is air-dried completely by air draft before fresh air area, and the rotating speed of heat exchange runner need to be properly increased, on the contrary then appropriate reduction.
The machine is when cooling condition works, and the state change process of room air is as shown in Figure 10.Fig. 8 is a typical work The process of refrigerastion enthalpy of air-wet figure under condition, this 40 DEG C of operating mode outdoor air dry-bulb temperature, 27 DEG C of dew point, water capacity about 22.7g/ Kg, enthalpy about 98.8kJ/kg, can be considered the damp and hot state of national highest substantially.Room air process of refrigerastion is as follows under this operating mode:
1), start shooting:State point a1 is room air initial conditions before start, identical with outdoor:40 DEG C of dry-bulb temperature, dew point 27 DEG C, water capacity about 22.7g/kg, relative humidity 48.3%, enthalpy about 98.8kJ/kg;
2), state a1-b1:After start, state is that a1 room airs to be discharged equal-enthalpy humidifying in filtering heat exchanger is arrived Outdoor is discharged after wet-bulb temperature, its state is changed into b1 points, 30.5 DEG C of its dry-bulb temperature, relative humidity 95%.It is simultaneously direct therewith The temperature of the filtering heat exchanger of contact is also dropped to close to 30.5 DEG C;
3), state a1-a2:State enters filtering heat exchanger for a1 outdoor fresh air, is in direct contact with it heat exchange and waits wet Refrigeration, drops to close to 31 DEG C to filtering heat exchanger outlet temperature and is slightly above b1 points, and water capacity is still 22.7g/kg, is changed into state A2,
Another strand state passes through the renewing zone of dehydrating unit for a1 outdoor fresh air, and the moisture absorbed in hygroscopic solution is allowed to Concentration, is then discharged from exhaust outlet, and the solution concentration after concentration depends on the relative humidity of air and the property of solution, to chlorination For calcium hygroscopic solution, when the relative humidity of air is 48.3%, the concentration of solution reaches as high as 43%;
4), state a2-c2:The state come out from filtering heat exchanger enters the dehumidifying area of dehydrating unit, quilt for a2 fresh air Hygroscopic solution absorbs its contained humidity, and water capacity drops to about 15g/kg, and temperature is slightly raised to about 32 DEG C, the indoor absorption Indoor Thermal of feeding 33 DEG C are warming up to after amount, is changed into state c2, fresh air dehumidification amount depends on the concentration of hygroscopic solution, and the concentration of hygroscopic solution takes Certainly in mass transfer therewith air relative humidity, concentrate solution from renewing zone is 48.3% outdoor air biography with relative humidity Concentration is 43% after matter, and the minimum relative humidity of the fresh air dehumidified through it also should be 48.3%, it is possible to by fresh air containing wet Amount drops to about 15.8g/kg, and relative humidity drops to 50%;
5), state c2-b2:State for c2 room air to be discharged in filtering heat exchanger equal-enthalpy humidifying to wet bulb Outdoor is discharged after temperature, its state is changed into b2 points, 25 DEG C of its dry-bulb temperature, relative humidity 95%.Directly contact therewith simultaneously The temperature of filtering heat exchanger is also dropped to close to 25 DEG C
6), state a1-a3:State enters filtering heat exchanger for a1 outdoor fresh air, is in direct contact with it heat exchange and waits wet Refrigeration, drops to 27.8 DEG C of wet-bulb temperature, relative humidity 95% is changed into state a3 to filtering heat exchanger outlet temperature;
7), state a3-c3:The state come out from filtering heat exchanger enters the dehumidifying area of dehydrating unit, quilt for a3 fresh air Hygroscopic solution absorbs its contained humidity, and water capacity drops to about 12.5g/kg, and relative humidity drops to 50%, and temperature is slightly raised to about 28 DEG C, 29 DEG C are warming up to after heat in the indoor absorption chamber of feeding, is changed into state c3;
8), state c3-b3:State for c3 room air to be discharged in filtering heat exchanger equal-enthalpy humidifying to wet bulb Outdoor is discharged after temperature, its state is changed into b3 points, 21.7 DEG C of its dry-bulb temperature, relative humidity 95%.Directly contact therewith simultaneously The temperature of filtering heat exchanger also drop to close to 21.7 DEG C
9), state a1-a4:State enters filtering heat exchanger for a1 outdoor fresh air, is in direct contact with it heat exchange and waits wet Refrigeration, 27.8 DEG C of wet-bulb temperature is dropped to filtering heat exchanger outlet temperature, is continued with temperature close to 21.7 DEG C of filtering heat exchanger Contact heat-exchanging, cools to 24 DEG C, relative humidity 95% is changed into state a4 along wet bulb lines;
10), state a4-c4:The state come out from filtering heat exchanger enters the dehumidifying area of dehydrating unit for a4 fresh air, Its contained humidity is absorbed by hygroscopic solution, water capacity drops to about 10.5g/kg, about 14.8 DEG C of dew point, and enthalpy is about 53.0kJ/kg.Temperature Degree is slightly raised to 26 DEG C, and relative humidity drops to 50%, reaches the humiture of human comfort, and state c4 now may be set to ventilator The equalization point of work.
Above process of refrigerastion is a kind of ideal process, only whole system parameter, structure design, be fabricated onto optimum state Such effect can be realized, but the most of regional most damp and hot weathers in the whole nation can have been met close to the real system of this effect The need for condition air conditioner refrigerating.
Embodiment 5
The embodiment of the present invention 5 is identical with the internal structure of example 1, the position that four air ports being simply interlinked to the outside with machine are set Different, return air inlet 11, exhaust outlet 14 are arranged on the same side of casing, and air outlet 12, fresh wind port 13 are arranged on relative with them Casing opposite side, in order to the installation of some application scenarios, as shown in Figure 9.This example only illustrates the installation position in each air port Put arbitrarily to arrange according to actual needs, be not limited to the limitation of layout shown in the accompanying drawing of various embodiments above.
Embodiment 6
The embodiment of the present invention 6 is as shown in Figure 10, identical with the internal structure of example 4, does not exist together and is only that this example casing Hermatic door 131 is set up in fresh wind port 13 and exhaust outlet 14, air duct 13-14 is offered between fresh wind port and exhaust outlet.Sealing Door 131 includes 131X and air draft hermatic door 131P between fresh air sealing.They are driven with sealed electric-motor 132 by crank connecting link. Its action principle is as the hermatic door of example 2.
Sealed electric-motor 132 can also be replaced with electromagnet.
Each example can all make window above or wall-mounted, tableland formula is installed, if there is sufficient space on furred ceiling, be installed in furred ceiling It is also a selection well.It is more suitable for the states such as America and Europe if connected in fresh wind port and exhaust outlet if bellows makees portable install Custom.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating, including casing (10), the heat exchanger and blower fan apparatus that are placed in casing (30) heat exchanging chamber, is provided with casing (10), the heat exchanger is the filtering heat exchanger (20) with air filtering function, is a kind of Rotary-type heat accumulation filters heat exchanger, including the heat exchange runner (22) rotated during work around its center axis;Filter heat exchanger (20) It is placed in blower fan apparatus (30) one in heat exchanging chamber;It is characterized in that:
Blower fan apparatus includes a motor (33) and the wind wheel component (31) on motor output shaft, and exchange heat runner (22) rotation axis and the rotation axis of motor (33) mutually coincides, and the motor (33) of blower fan apparatus is while drive heat exchange Runner slow rotation;
The ventilator also includes water system (50), for making exhaust constant enthalpy cool to wet-bulb temperature.
2. the wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The motor (33) also includes a reducing gear (34), for the high rotating speed of motor to be reduced into the slow-speed of revolution and then drive Move hot runner slow rotation, the input element of reducing gear is fixed on the output shaft of motor, output element, which is fixed on, to be changed On hot runner (22);Reducing gear (34) is multiple stage gear reduction device or harmonic speed reducer, worm type of reduction gearing, the multistage Gear reduction unit include be fixed on wind wheel motor output shaft driving gear (341), be fixed on same jackshaft from Moving gear (342), rear class driving gear (343) and the rear class driven gear (344) for being fixed on heat exchange runner center side.
3. the wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The filtering heat exchanger (20) also includes central shaft (21), and central shaft is installed with motor (33) coaxial line, and exchange heat runner (22) rotate about.
4. the wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The wind wheel component (31) includes a centrifugal fresh air wind wheel (31X), the outdoor for introducing
Interior fresh air sets up the draught head inside and outside certain positive air pressure, forming chamber, effect of the room air in this draught head indoors Outside in lower entrance machine, through heat exchange runner discharge machine, centrifugal fresh air wind wheel (31X) is placed in before fresh air ante-chamber (101) and air draft In chamber (103), its air inlet is arranged in fresh air ante-chamber, the air inlet of fresh air wind wheel is connected with fresh air ante-chamber (101), its Air outlet is connected with air outlet (12);
During the heat exchange runner (22) also includes decelerator (225), shaft coupling (226) and is fixedly connected with heat exchange runner Heart axle (21A), shaft coupling is fixedly connected with the output shaft and central shaft (21A) of decelerator (225).
5. the wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The wind wheel component (31) includes a centrifugal fresh air wind wheel (31X) and a centrifugal air draft wind wheel (31P), described Motor (33) is Double shaft-extension motor (33A), and fresh air wind wheel (31X) and air draft wind wheel (31P) are separately fixed at Double shaft-extension electricity On the output shaft that motivation two ends are stretched out;Air draft wind wheel (31P) is placed in fresh air back cavity (102) and air draft back cavity (104), its air intake Mouth is arranged in air draft back cavity, it is connected with air draft back cavity;The motor (33) is slender type;
Two combine into one with the shell of motor (33) for the central shaft (21) of the filtering heat exchanger (20), heat exchange runner (22) suit On motor casing, rotated about using it as supporting.
6. the wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The water system (50) of the wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of described multi-function rotating is used for room air to be discharged and/or filtering Heat exchanger, which supplies water, to be humidified, and it includes being placed in water tank (51), water pump (52) or water compensating valve (53), water-feed of casing (10) bottom (54) and connection water pump or water compensating valve and water-feed water pipe (55), water-feed (54) is placed in air draft ante-chamber (103);Water pump (52) it is the immersible pump inserted in water tank (51), water compensating valve (53) is the automatically controlled taps connected with running water pipe, water-feed (54) include one or more atomizer apertures being placed in air draft ante-chamber or be provided with the water distributor of multiple water sprayering holes.
7. the wheeled energy-saving air interchanger of multi-function rotating according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:
The ventilator also includes fresh air dehumidifying system (60),
The fresh air dehumidifying system (60) is solution dehumidification system, including the hygroscopic solution circulatory system (61), for from fresh air The inspissator (63) for absorbing the dehumidifier (62) of moisture and being dehydrated hygroscopic solution itself, the dehumidifier is placed in filtering heat exchanger Between air outlet (12), inspissator is placed in outdoor air path (18), and they are air filtration network structure, use corrosion resistant The air filting material of erosion is made;Solution recycle system include be placed in above dehumidifier and inspissator cloth liquid bath (611), below Collecting tank (612), infusion pump (613) and connection infusion pump and cloth liquid bath, the piping (614) of collecting tank, piping includes putting In the hygroscopic solution cooler (6141) in water tank (51);Hygroscopic solution is pumped into cloth liquid bath by infusion pump, is spilt by cloth liquid bath cloth Onto dehumidifier and inspissator, on the net with flowing downstream into collecting tank after air-flow mass transfer, cooler and water tank are flowed into by collecting tank In water septate heat transfer after enter back into infusion pump, form constantly circulation;
Hygroscopic solution in the hygroscopic solution circulatory system (61) is calcium chloride or lithium bromide water solution;
The hygroscopic solution cooler (6141) is shell-and-tube heat exchanger, with the good metal hose of thermal conductivity or multiple branch circuit simultaneously The underwater that the plastic pipe of connection is immersed in water tank (51) is constituted, the two ends connection collecting tank (612) and infusion pump (613) of pipe;
Outdoor fresh air through dehumidifier (62) is passed through again after filtering heat exchanger, and the hygroscopic solution being sprinkled upon with cloth on dehumidifier directly connects Mass transfer is touched, the hygroscopic solution that contained humidity is concentrated absorbs, humidity is reduced and freezed;
Another strand of outdoor air enters outdoor air path (18) from fresh wind port, and through inspissator (63), inspissator is sprinkled upon with cloth On the direct contact mass transfer of hygroscopic solution, by the moisture evaporation in solution, water capacity is improved, finally discharged from exhaust outlet it is outdoor, Solution is dehydrated its concentration in mass transfer and also accordingly improved;
Dehumidifier (62) is placed in fresh air ante-chamber (101) between the fresh air area (221) of heat exchange runner (22) and air outlet (12), row The air inlet of wind wind wheel (31P) is connected with fresh air back cavity (102) with fresh air channel (31P1);Inspissator (63) is placed in fresh air channel (31P1) place.
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