CN104625894A - Numerical control tool machining grinder with four-axis linkage replacing five-axis linkage - Google Patents

Numerical control tool machining grinder with four-axis linkage replacing five-axis linkage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104625894A
CN104625894A CN201510102941.0A CN201510102941A CN104625894A CN 104625894 A CN104625894 A CN 104625894A CN 201510102941 A CN201510102941 A CN 201510102941A CN 104625894 A CN104625894 A CN 104625894A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide unit
axle
grinding machine
cutting tool
electro spindle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510102941.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱振忠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lovyer (beijing) Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Lovyer (beijing) Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lovyer (beijing) Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Lovyer (beijing) Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510102941.0A priority Critical patent/CN104625894A/en
Publication of CN104625894A publication Critical patent/CN104625894A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0076Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines comprising two or more grinding tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B3/00Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/04Headstocks; Working-spindles; Features relating thereto

Abstract

The invention provides a numerical control tool machining grinder with four-axis linkage replacing five-axis linkage. The numerical control tool machining grinder comprises a mechanical system, a pneumatic system, a grinding oil cooling system, an electrical or hydraulic system and an electric control box, wherein the mechanical system comprises a linear shaft sliding platform and a rotating shaft sliding platform which are arranged on a base; the linear shaft sliding platform comprises a first sliding platform, a second sliding platform and a vertical sliding platform; a first electric main shaft is arranged on the vertical sliding platform along a horizontal direction, a main grinding head is arranged on the first electric main shaft, a second electric main shaft is arranged on the vertical sliding platform along a vertical direction, and an abrasion wheel grinding wheel is arranged on the second electric main shaft. The numerical control tool machining grinder with four-axis linkage is easy to manufacture, is conveniently matched with software and a control system, and is high in equipment efficiency; the manufactured product has the quality which is not lower than that of foreign equipment, and is low in cost, simple to operate and energy-saving.

Description

A kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine replacing five-axle linkage
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of grinding machine in mechanical field, be specifically related to a kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine that can replace five-axle linkage.
Background technology
At present, the cutter that processing industry uses updates, and the cutter of traditional manual Machine Manufacture is progressively eliminated, the cutter more and more manufactured by Digit Control Machine Tool replace.Existingly can realize the manufacture that overall process grinding completes cutter by disposable clamping, only have 5CNC (5 axis linkage numerical control lathe) cutter and tool grinding machine to realize.But major part is all external import cutter and tool grinding machine, only has fraction to be domestic research and development.Due to external to the blockade on new techniques of China, real high-end 5CNC numerically controlled control system and software import are restricted and follow the tracks of, and make domestic 5CNC cutter and tool grinding machine slower development and class be difficult to improve.Present stage external import 5CNC cutter and tool grinding machine is in monopolization state.It is not only expensive, and maintenance not only inconvenient, cost but also height.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine that can replace five-axle linkage.The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine replacing five-axle linkage, described grinding machine comprises mechanical system, pneumatic or hydraulic system, grinding oil cooling system, electrical system and electric cabinet, described mechanical system comprises and is arranged at linear axis slide unit on base and rotating shaft slide unit, described linear axis slide unit is by the first slide unit of left and right horizontal direction movement, second slide unit and the vertical slide unit vertical with the moving direction of two plane slide units at the second slide unit place with the first slide unit of fore-and-aft direction movement form, described vertical slide unit is provided with first electro spindle in the horizontal direction, this first electro spindle is provided with main bistrique, described vertical slide unit is vertically provided with second electro spindle, this second electro spindle is also provided with emery wheel grinding-head.
Further, in described mechanical system, also comprise 0 ~ 10 the 3rd electro spindle, described 3rd electro spindle is equipped with emery wheel grinding-head.
Further, described second electro spindle and the 3rd electro spindle are manual shaft, semi-automatic axle or Shaft.
Further, described first slide unit or the second slide unit are provided with numerical control scale-division bistrique, and are provided with clamping device on this numerical control scale-division bistrique.
Further, described main bistrique is electro spindle emery wheel.
Further, described first slide unit, the second slide unit, vertically slide unit, rotating shaft slide unit and main bistrique are all connected with respective motor with emery wheel grinding-head, and are driven by described respective motor respectively.
Further, described base is provided with arc part, and described vertical slide unit is arranged on arc part.
Further, the angle of described arc part is for being not more than 270 degree.
Further, described vertical slide unit can install a cantilever, this cantilever can carry out circumference rotary motion along with vertical slide unit on arc part, and this cantilever is provided with bistrique.
Further, be provided with totally-enclosed casing outside described grinding machine, this casing is provided with clear glass moving door.
The invention provides a kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine replacing five-axle linkage, its beneficial effect mainly had is:
1. the present invention adopts multiple emery wheel grinding-head, by shaping the numerical control grinding of cutter blank material, realizes machine tool, i.e. the manufacture of cutter.The present invention to be equivalent to can link in 5CNC 1 bistrique to resolve in 4CNC cutter and tool grinding machine several (2 or multiple) semi-automatic, manual or fixing bistrique, namely multiple bistriques of 4CNC+ multistation are used, replace all requiring the single bistrique of high 5CNC+ to mechanical hardware and software, after changing, same realization manufactures the function and effect of various cutter.But the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage of the present invention reduces cutter and tool grinding machine and manufactures threshold, hide out blockade on new techniques, achieve and produce with the cutter and tool grinding machine that rudimentary 4CNC configures the high-end cutter product only having the produced overwhelming majority of 5CNC cutter and tool grinding machine ability.
2. the grinding machine in the present invention may be used for producing the purposes such as the high-speed steel of various less than 12 millimeters and carbide alloy standard flat bottom milling cutter, wood cutter, graver, single-blade circular knife, rotary file, drill bit, screw tap fluting.Available its carries out slotting, the processing of side edge one relief angle, two relief angles processing, point sword, the processing of end tooth one relief angle, the processing of end tooth two relief angle.Precision and working (machining) efficiency are close to import 5 axle interlock grinding machine, but processing operating cost reduces greatly, and about being only import numerical control tool grinder half, and lathe price is 1/3 ~ 1/6 of import lathe, is the cutter production equipment of most suitable China's actual conditions.In addition, 4CNC cutter and tool grinding machine is easy to manufacture, software and the supporting convenience of control system, and high, the manufactured product quality of device efficiency is not less than the level of overseas equipment, operating cost is low, simple to operate, economize energy.
3. vertically slide unit passes through to slide on arc part, expand the function of grinding machine itself, this grinding machine can multi-angle be processed, example, when vertical slide unit needs angle time, guide rail on vertical slide unit arcuately parts is rotated to an angle, just can carry out the processing of more perspective to workpiece, very easy to use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
With reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail below.
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the grinding machine described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the casing described in the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine replacing five-axle linkage described in the embodiment of the present invention.For specific experiment case, detailed description of the invention is described below, should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine replacing five-axle linkage, described grinding machine 1 comprises casing 2, as shown in Figures 1 to 3, mechanical system 21 is provided with in this casing 2, pneumatic (or hydraulic pressure) system, grinding oil cooling system, electrical system and electric cabinet, described mechanical system 21 comprises and is arranged at linear axis slide unit on base and rotating shaft slide unit 25, described linear axis slide unit is by the first slide unit 22 of horizontal direction movement, second slide unit 23 and the vertical slide unit 24 vertical with the moving direction of the second slide unit 23 with the first slide unit 22 of fore-and-aft direction movement form, described vertical slide unit 24 is provided with first electro spindle 30 in the horizontal direction, this first electro spindle 30 is provided with main bistrique, this main bistrique is main shaft emery wheel, be mainly used in fluting, the work such as clear limit, on described vertical slide unit 24, vertically (namely consistent with the direction of vertical slide unit 24) is provided with second electro spindle 31, this second electro spindle 31 is also provided with emery wheel grinding-head, is mainly used to the end sword making cutter.Described first slide unit 22, second slide unit 23, vertically slide unit 24, rotating shaft slide unit 25 and the first electro spindle 30 are all connected with respective motor with the second electro spindle 31 etc., and are driven by described respective motor respectively.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, described base 29 is provided with arc part 26, and described Z axis is arranged on arc part 26.The angle of described arc part 26 is for being not more than 270 degree, and Z axis can move along the slide rail on arc part 26.Arc part 26 achieves the controllability of angle, meets the requirement of lathe to workpiece deep processings such as milling cutters.Described first slide unit 22 or the second slide unit 23 are also provided with numerical control scale-division bistrique, and on this numerical control scale-division bistrique, are provided with clamping device, for clamping blank material to be processed.
As further preferred embodiment, according to actual needs, in described mechanical system, also can comprise 0 ~ 10 the 3rd electro spindle, described 3rd electro spindle is equipped with emery wheel grinding-head.
By the different actions of each axle, and main shaft emery wheel is with the grinding of different angles to workpiece (i.e. cutter), completes the grinding manufacture of cutter, needs the cooling with cold oil in whole process.
As further preferred embodiment, above-mentioned second electro spindle and the 3rd electro spindle can be manual shaft, semi-automatic axle or Shaft etc.
As further preferred embodiment, described vertical slide unit can also install a cantilever, this cantilever can carry out circumference rotary motion along with vertical slide unit on arc part, make it possible to carry out in 270 degree of angles work, more can practical requirement; And this cantilever is provided with bistrique.
As further preferred embodiment, be provided with totally-enclosed casing outside described grinding machine, this casing is provided with clear glass moving door.
As further preferred embodiment, the head of described rotating shaft slide unit 25 also can be provided with pneumatic spring chuck.
As further preferred embodiment, as shown in Figure 4, described grinding machine 1 can also connect automatic loading and unloading system 12, i.e. manipulator; Automatic loading and unloading system can realize full-automatic milling cutter and produce, and reduces artificial greatly, effectively reduces production cost; Also can connecting fluid pressing system, automatically induction fire extinguisher 11 and probe measurement system 13 etc., described hydraulic system comprises fuel tank, pump, drive hydraulic motor, cooler, overflow valve, magnetic valve and accumulator.Automatic induction fire extinguisher makes this grinding machine safer in process of production, stops the danger that some are potential; It is more convenient, more accurate that probe measurement system 13 makes grinding machine use.More preferably, described main bistrique (i.e. electro spindle emery wheel) also can be connected with grinding wheel dynamic balance analyzer, the connection of grinding wheel dynamic balance analyzer makes wheel balance sense stronger, and more stable, the workpiece stability of processing is higher, more accurate.Also can be provided with automatically turn on or off at set-up time system in described electric cabinet, make more automation, use more convenient.
During concrete enforcement, this grinding machine adopts multiple emery wheel grinding-head, by shaping the numerical control grinding of cutter blank material, realizes machine tool, i.e. the manufacture of cutter.This grinding machine can not have 4-12 the number of axle not etc., can be manual shaft, semi-automatic axle or Shaft etc.; 4 Shaft and NC Machining Test axles are wherein only had to link.Exactly because the increase of working shaft sum, the processing work making it complete to only have 5 numerical control axle linkage machine tools just can complete.
As shown in Figure 5, can be provided with totally enclosed casing 2 outside this grinding machine 1, this casing 2 is provided with clear glass moving door 27, has the multiple actions such as attractive in appearance and practical concurrently; In addition, casing 2 is also provided with operation and guidance panel 28.
During concrete use, as long as by the blank material clamping of cutter on the clamping device of lathe, start numerical control program, lathe will according to the instruction manually pre-set, namely software program carries out process operation, controls the different action of out-of-alignment automatically, carries out full-automatic process.Until when all procedures of a cutter complete, automatic-prompting processing work completes by lathe, at this moment operating personnel only need to take off the cutter finished product processed, and change the cutter blank material that clamping is new, restart the tool sharpening process of another circulation.
According to actual needs, the present invention can select bistrique that is dissimilar or shape.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms; anyone can draw other various forms of products under enlightenment of the present invention; no matter but any change is done in its shape or structure; every have identical with the application or akin technical scheme, all drops within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. one kind replaces the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of five-axle linkage, described grinding machine comprises mechanical system, pneumatic or hydraulic system, grinding oil cooling system, electrical system and electric cabinet, it is characterized in that: described mechanical system comprises and is arranged at linear axis slide unit on base and rotating shaft slide unit, described linear axis slide unit is by the first slide unit of left and right horizontal direction movement, second slide unit and the vertical slide unit vertical with the moving direction of the second slide unit with described first slide unit of fore-and-aft direction movement form, described vertical slide unit is provided with first electro spindle in the horizontal direction, this first electro spindle is provided with main bistrique, described vertical slide unit is vertically provided with second electro spindle, this second electro spindle is provided with emery wheel grinding-head.
2. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise 0 ~ 10 the 3rd electro spindle in described mechanical system, and described 3rd electro spindle is equipped with emery wheel grinding-head.
3. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described second electro spindle and the 3rd electro spindle are manual shaft, semi-automatic axle or Shaft.
4. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: on described first slide unit or the second slide unit, be provided with numerical control scale-division bistrique, and be provided with clamping device on this numerical control scale-division bistrique.
5. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described main bistrique is electro spindle emery wheel.
6. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described first slide unit, the second slide unit, vertically slide unit, rotating shaft slide unit and main bistrique are all connected with respective motor with emery wheel grinding-head, and driven by described respective motor respectively.
7. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described base is provided with arc part, and described vertical slide unit is arranged on arc part.
8. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage according to claim 7, is characterized in that: the angle of described arc part is for being not more than 270 degree.
9. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of replacement five-axle linkage according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described vertical slide unit can install a cantilever, this cantilever can carry out circumference rotary motion along with vertical slide unit on arc part, and this cantilever is provided with bistrique.
10. the four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine of the replacement five-axle linkage according to any one in claim 1 ~ 9, it is characterized in that: be provided with totally-enclosed casing outside described grinding machine, this casing is provided with clear glass moving door.
CN201510102941.0A 2015-03-10 2015-03-10 Numerical control tool machining grinder with four-axis linkage replacing five-axis linkage Pending CN104625894A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510102941.0A CN104625894A (en) 2015-03-10 2015-03-10 Numerical control tool machining grinder with four-axis linkage replacing five-axis linkage

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510102941.0A CN104625894A (en) 2015-03-10 2015-03-10 Numerical control tool machining grinder with four-axis linkage replacing five-axis linkage

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105014486A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-04 山东云峰数控科技有限公司 Four-axis numerical control polishing device special for graver
CN105171560A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-23 湖北君庭汽车零部件股份有限公司 Pressure arm forming numerical control grinding machine
CN110328564A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-15 山东大学 A kind of milling cutter grinding attachment and application method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0357774A1 (en) * 1987-03-13 1990-03-14 Kitamura Machinery Co.,Ltd. Machining center
CN102689239A (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-09-26 大连科德数控有限公司 Full-symmetrical type five-axis cutter sharpener
CN102689263A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-09-26 湘潭三峰数控机床有限公司 Symmetric abrasive machining center with multiple carriages and double main shafts
CN103862355A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-06-18 西北工业大学 Polishing machine
CN104044021A (en) * 2013-03-11 2014-09-17 余敏守 Drilling bit grinding machine
CN204711708U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-10-21 拉威尔(北京)科技有限公司 A kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine replacing five-axle linkage

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0357774A1 (en) * 1987-03-13 1990-03-14 Kitamura Machinery Co.,Ltd. Machining center
CN102689239A (en) * 2011-03-25 2012-09-26 大连科德数控有限公司 Full-symmetrical type five-axis cutter sharpener
CN102689263A (en) * 2012-06-15 2012-09-26 湘潭三峰数控机床有限公司 Symmetric abrasive machining center with multiple carriages and double main shafts
CN104044021A (en) * 2013-03-11 2014-09-17 余敏守 Drilling bit grinding machine
CN103862355A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-06-18 西北工业大学 Polishing machine
CN204711708U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-10-21 拉威尔(北京)科技有限公司 A kind of four-axle linked NC cutting tool grinding machine replacing five-axle linkage

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105014486A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-04 山东云峰数控科技有限公司 Four-axis numerical control polishing device special for graver
CN105171560A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-23 湖北君庭汽车零部件股份有限公司 Pressure arm forming numerical control grinding machine
CN110328564A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-15 山东大学 A kind of milling cutter grinding attachment and application method

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