The automatic sheetmetal processing center of a kind of planer-type compound
The present invention relates to a kind of panel beating equipment, be specially the automatic sheetmetal processing center of a kind of planer-type compound.
Existing panel beating plane machining equipment is mainly divided into the three types of single cooked mode.The first is drilling and milling machine, only has machining function; The second is punch press, only has punching machining functions; The third is cutting machine, only has cutting function, as laser cutting, gas flame cuttiug etc.The one list column lathe bed structure formula panel beating equipment of having filed an application Chinese patent (application number: CN201210104082.5) except Guanglu Digital Measure-Control Co., Ltd., Guilin has except machining function and laser processing function simultaneously, and prior art has no the sheetmetal processing center with above-mentioned complex function.
Panel beating plane machining occupies the best part in panel beating field.Usually, the element that panel beating plane need be processed is circular hole, rectangular opening, irregularly-shaped hole, screw thread, and adopt machining mode can realize above-mentioned various operation processing, but easily occur vibration to the machining of large gauge panel beating, efficiency is low; Adopt punching mode, various hole and irregularly-shaped hole can be processed; Adopt laser or gas flame cuttiug mode, can only cutting hole and irregularly-shaped hole; So for panel beating plane machining, above-mentioned Metal Cutting Machine Tool, punch press, cutting off machine all can not complete the processing of above-mentioned all process steps.The panel beating composite processing machine tool of a kind of single column lathe bed type of Guanglu Digital Measure-Control Co., Ltd., Guilin, the processing of above all process steps can be completed, but because it adopts single column lathe bed type layout and structure, stroke is restricted, and is mainly suitable for the panel beating of middle small dimension.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned situation, the present invention discloses the automatic sheetmetal processing center of a kind of planer-type compound, it is compounded with machining and Laser Processing pattern in one, a machine tool has machining function and laser cutting function simultaneously, once mounting plate, automatically complete the Milling Process of boring, tapping and other shape by machining pattern, automatically completed the processing of various hole and irregularly-shaped hole by Laser Processing pattern; In layout and version, adopt planer-type.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: the automatic sheetmetal processing center of a kind of planer-type compound is primarily of milling spindle box part, gantry parts, slide saddle member I, slide saddle member II, base member, worktable part, hold assembly, servo-actuated compacting part, electric controling part, laser component, X is to coordinate drive disk assembly, milling spindle case Y1 coordinate drive disk assembly, milling spindle case Z1 coordinate drive disk assembly, laser instrument Y2 coordinate drive disk assembly, follow-up bearing device Y3 coordinate drive disk assembly, tool magazine parts, Pneumatic component, protecting component is formed.Milling spindle is arranged on milling spindle case, does Milling Process motion; Milling spindle case is arranged on saddle I and moves up and down, and realizes lifting (Z1 to) motion; Saddle I is arranged on gantry, realizes laterally (Y1) motion; Laser instrument is arranged on saddle II, and saddle II is also arranged on gantry, other at milling spindle case, realizes transverse direction (Y2) motion of laser instrument; Workbench is arranged on base, for supporting sheet metal part; Clamping device is made up of two crossbeam, double base frame, four clamps, and forward and backward beam mechanism is arranged on base each via bearing support across workbench, realizes longitudinally (X) motion; Clamp is arranged on crossbeam, realizes the clamping to sheet metal component; Servo-actuated compacting part is made up of joist, bracket, upper compactor, lower compactor, and joist is arranged on the column on both sides, gantry, and bracket is arranged on joist, realizes follow-up bearing device laterally (Y3) motion; Tool magazine is arranged on tool magazine support and forms tool magazine parts, and tool magazine parts are arranged on the front at gantry, and is positioned at the side of milling spindle case; By programming and electrical control, drive X, Y1, Y2, Y3, Z1 coordinate motion mechanism, realize the coordinate motion that machining needs; Plate is installed by gripping apparatus grips and is supported on the table.When being set to Milling Process, milling spindle starts and X, Y1, Y3, Z1 coordinate mechanism starts, and completes Milling Process; When being set to Laser Processing, the motion of milling spindle case stops, and laser system and X, Y2 coordinate mechanism start, and realize laser cutting.
Y1, Y3 will guarantee that synchronously method is: adopt one group of feed servo motor by the transmission of two groups of same gear ratios, realize Synchronous Transmission; Also can adopt two groups of servomotors and transmission mechanism respectively, carry out Synchronous Transmission.
After adopting such scheme, the automatic sheetmetal processing center of planer-type compound is made both to have expanded the envelop of function of panel beating equipment, substantially increase the efficiency of panel beating, relatively reduce device fabrication cost again, not only be suitable for middle small dimension panel beating, also be suitable for the panel beating of large-scale specification, Effectiveness and benefit is obvious.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the automatic sheetmetal processing center of a kind of planer-type compound (removing front beam 13) structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is the left half of the automatic sheetmetal processing center of a kind of planer-type compound (removing saddle II7 and laser instrument 6) right view.
Fig. 3 is the right half of the automatic sheetmetal processing center of a kind of planer-type compound (removing saddle II7 and laser instrument 6) right view.
Fig. 4 is a kind of planer-type compound automatic sheetmetal processing center Y1, Y2, Y3 drive mechanism schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the closed crossbeam of the automatic sheetmetal processing center of a kind of planer-type compound and supporting station structural relation schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged drawing of A.
In figure: 1, tool magazine support; 2, tool magazine; 3, main spindle box; 4, mair motor; 5, saddle I; 6, laser instrument; 7, saddle II; 8, electrical control cabinet; 9, right column; 10, left column; 11, base; 12, front support platform; 13, front beam; 14, clamping device I; 15, Z-direction servomotor; 16, Z-direction transmission mechanism; 17, gantry beam; 18, rear cross beam; 19, rear support platform; 20, X is to transmission mechanism; 21, X is to servomotor; 22, clamping device II; 23, joist; 24, follow-up bearing device; 25, bits groove is connect; 26, servo-actuated compactor; 27, milling spindle assembly; 28, connecting rod; 29, set lever; 30, synchronous pulley I; 31, Y1 is to transmission mechanism; 32, Y2 is to transmission mechanism; 33, Y2 is to servomotor; 34, Y3 is to transmission mechanism; 35, motor support base; 36, synchronous pulley III; 37, Timing Belt I; 38, Y1 is to servomotor; 39, synchronous pulley II; 40, Timing Belt II; 41, latch segment.
As can be seen from above-mentioned explanation and structural representation:
Tool magazine 2 is arranged on tool magazine support 1, is positioned at the front of gantry beam 17 and the homonymy of main spindle box 3; Laser instrument 6 is arranged on saddle II7, and saddle II7 is arranged on gantry beam 17, other namely at main spindle box 3.The gantry frame be made up of left column 10, right column 9 is connected with base 11.Milling spindle assembly 27 is arranged on the bottom of main spindle box 3, and mair motor 4 is arranged on the top of main spindle box 3 and is connected with milling spindle assembly 27 by shaft coupling; Main spindle box 3 is arranged on the vertical guide rail in saddle I5 front, and Z-direction transmission mechanism 16 is arranged on the centre of the vertical guide rail of saddle I5, and the feed screw nut above it connects with main spindle box 3; Z-direction servomotor 15 is arranged on the top of saddle I5 and connects with Z-direction transmission mechanism, realizes the Z-direction motion of main spindle box 3; Servo-actuated compactor 26 is fixedly mounted on the bottom of saddle I5 by the support on its both sides, its front end compresses ball group for rolling; Electrical control cabinet 8 is placed in the right side of complete machine; Joist 23 is across the positive Middle face being arranged on left column 10 and right column 9; Front support platform 12 and rear support platform 19 are fixedly mounted on the front and rear portions of base 11 respectively; Front beam 13 and rear cross beam 18 are hollow type, overlap front support platform 12 and rear support platform 19 respectively and on the fromer rail being arranged on base 11 and rear rail, can make X to movement on guide rail; Some groups of clamping device I14 and clamping device II22 are arranged on the cross slide way of front beam 13 and rear cross beam 18 respectively, can move and can lock on guide rail; Front beam 13 and rear cross beam 18 respectively have one group of set lever 29 and latch segment 41, utilize the screw rod of two groups of set levers 29 through the hollow groove of connecting rod 28 and the locking effect of latch segment 41, make connecting rod 28 front beam 13 and rear cross beam 18 are connected together X is arranged on postmedian from base 11 to transmission mechanism 20, the feed screw nut above it connects with rear cross beam 18; X is arranged on the rear end of base 11 to servomotor 21, and is connected to transmission mechanism 20 with X; Be provided with between front support platform 12 and rear support platform 19 and connect bits groove 25.
Left column 10, right column 9, gantry beam 17 define gantry frame by screw attachment; Saddle I5 be arranged on gantry beam 17 cross slide way on, transverse direction (Y1) Y1 that moves can be made and be arranged on the left downside of cross slide way of gantry beam 17 to transmission mechanism 31, its feed screw nut connects Y2 the is arranged on right upside of cross slide way from gantry beam 17 to transmission mechanism 32 with saddle I5, Y2 is connected to transmission mechanism 32 right-hand member to servomotor 33 with Y2; Follow-up bearing device 24 is rectangular shaped, be arranged on the cross slide way of joist by its vertical component, can move laterally, its horizontal component, through the neutral gear connecing bits groove 25, makes the front end rolling bearing ball group of follow-up bearing device 24 enter into and connects the centre of considering groove 25 to be worth doing; Y3 is arranged in the middle of two cross slide waies of joist 23 to transmission mechanism 34, and its feed screw nut is connected with follow-up bearing device 24; Motor support base 35 is installed on left column 10, and Y1 servomotor 38 is arranged on motor support base 35; Synchronous pulley II39 is arranged on Y1 servomotor 38, two Timing Belt II40 and Timing Belt I37 it are equipped with side by side, wherein, Timing Belt II40 and Y1 connects to the synchronous pulley I30 on transmission mechanism 31, Timing Belt I37 and Y3 connects to the synchronous pulley III36 on transmission mechanism 34, and two synchronous pulley I30 are identical with the number of teeth with synchronous pulley III36 modulus.
When assembling, make the center of the rolling bearing ball group of follow-up bearing device 24 front end, the center of rolling compression ball group of servo-actuated compactor 26 front end, the center superposition of milling spindle assembly 27.
When the automatic sheetmetal processing center of planer-type compound works:
According to the requirement of required processing, by programming input, set the program of Milling Process and laser cutting; Be fixed on by sheet metal part on forward and backward some groups of clamping device I14, clamping device II22, according to the size of sheet metal component, clamping device I14, clamping device II22 in the slide on rails adjustment of front beam 13, rear cross beam 18 and can fix; Meanwhile, the set lever 29 on locking connecting rod 28, makes front beam 13, rear cross beam 18 combines as a whole.During Milling Process, by control and each motor rotation of electrical control cabinet 8, drive the motion of milling spindle assembly 27, main spindle box 3 together with the Z-direction motion of milling spindle assembly 27 on saddle I5, the Y1 of saddle I5 on gantry beam 17 to motion, front beam 13 and rear cross beam 18 with sheet metal part on the pedestal 11 X to motion, realize boring, tapping, Milling Process function; Control tool magazine 2 to move, the Tool changeover required for realization simultaneously; Because synchronous pulley I30, synchronous pulley III36 specification are identical, therefore the horizontal Y3 motion of follow-up bearing device 24 and the horizontal Y2 synchronized movement of servo-actuated compactor 26, according to processing needs, can be compressed downwards by the pneumatic rolling of the servo-actuated compactor 26 front end compression ball group that makes, realize, to the servo-actuated compression processing of panel beating, guaranteeing the stability of machining.
When carrying out Laser Processing, by control and the motor rotation of electrical control cabinet 8, control the work of laser system and laser instrument 6, laser instrument 6 together with the horizontal Y2 of saddle II7 on gantry beam 17 to motion, front beam 13 and rear cross beam 18 with sheet metal part on the pedestal 11 X to motion, realize Laser cutting function.