CN104609614B - purification component and water purifier - Google Patents

purification component and water purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104609614B
CN104609614B CN201510062262.5A CN201510062262A CN104609614B CN 104609614 B CN104609614 B CN 104609614B CN 201510062262 A CN201510062262 A CN 201510062262A CN 104609614 B CN104609614 B CN 104609614B
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Prior art keywords
filter element
opening
water
electrode
purification assembly
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CN201510062262.5A
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CN104609614A (en
Inventor
王晨
陈雪芳
王汉领
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AO Smith Nanjing Water Treatment Products Co Ltd
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AO Smith Nanjing Water Treatment Products Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a purification component comprising an electrocoagulation device, a sewage channel and at least two filtering units, and each filtering unit is provided with a first opening and a second opening; each filtering unit has at least two working states, when any filtering unit is at a water production state, the first opening of the filtering unit is communicated with the water outlet end of the electrocoagulation device; when any filtering unit is at a back wash state, the first opening of the filtering unit is communicated with the sewage channel, and the second opening of the filtering unit is communicated with the second opening of the filtering unit is at the water production state. The purification component disclosed by the invention adopts the above structure, the filtering unit at the downstream of the electrocoagulation device can not only produce water, but also can discharge flocculent colloid therein from the filtering unit by back wash, so as to avoid residual flocculent colloid in pure water and avoid the flocculent colloid of blocking the components at the downstream of the electrocoagulation device.

Description

Purification assembly and water purifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water treatment facilities, more particularly to a kind of purification assembly and water purifier.
Background technology
At present water purifier is widely adopted as a kind of conventional Household water treatment device.Water purifier can be by filtering dress The impurity such as antibacterial, virus, heavy metal, salinity in eliminating water are put, so as to obtain more pure pure water.
It is usually miscellaneous using the heavy metal and salinity in electric flocculation device removing water etc. in Industrial cleaning facility water treatment facilities Matter.With metals such as aluminum, ferrum as anode, in the presence of unidirectional current, anode is dissoluted electric flocculation device, produces Al, Fe plasma, In the oxidizing process of a series of hydrolysis of Jing, polymerization and ferrous iron, develop into various hydroxo complexes, multinuclear hydroxo complex so that Hydroxide, make the colloidal state impurity in water, suspended impurity coagulative precipitation and separate.Meanwhile, powered contaminant particle is in electric field Middle swimming, its Partial charge is flocculated the charging neutrality in body surface face and promotes it to take off steady coagulation.Water is being carried out at electrolytic flocculation During reason, not only have coagulative precipitation to act on colloidal state impurity and suspended impurity, and the Oxidation due to anode and negative electrode also Original work are used, and can remove multiple pollutant in eliminating water.
But often there is cotton-shaped colloid in the water after electric flocculation device is filtered, these cotton-shaped colloids not only can affect The water quality of pure water, it is also possible to the pipeline or part after electric flocculation device can be blocked.Thus existing water purifier does not typically include Electric flocculation device.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the drawbacks described above of prior art, the technical problem to be solved to there is provided a kind of purification group Part and water purifier, it adopts electric flocculation device to filter water, and prevents the cotton-shaped colloid shadow of electric flocculation device generation Xiangshui County's matter or blocking subsequent parts.
The present invention concrete technical scheme be:
A kind of purification assembly, it includes:
Electric flocculation device;
Drain outlet;
At least two filter elements, each filter element has the first opening and the second opening;
Each filter element has at least two working conditions, when any one filter element is in controlling the water circulation state, the mistake First opening of filter unit is connected with the water side of electric flocculation device;When any one filter element is in backwash state, should First opening of filter element is connected with drain outlet, the second opening and the filtration list under controlling the water circulation state of the filter element Second open communication of unit.
Preferably, purification assembly includes that the first opening for making each filter element can be in the water side of electric flocculation device The first control device switched between drain outlet.
Preferably, when filter element is in controlling the water circulation state, the second of the filter element is open and is connected with water end (W.E.).
Preferably, purification assembly includes that be open can be with water end (W.E.) and other described mistakes for making the second of each filter element The second control device switched between second opening of filter unit.
Preferably, electric flocculation device includes the power supply that housing, electrode and the electrode being placed in housing are mutually electrically connected.
Preferably, the electrode is iron electrode.
Preferably, the electrode includes the positive plate and minus plate in the insertion housing.
Preferably, the electric flocculation device also includes being separately positioned on the positive plate and the minus plate and common Form the electrode slice of serpentine shape water stream channel.
Preferably, filter element includes drainage screen.
Preferably, filter element includes ultra-filtration element.
Preferably, purification assembly also includes RO film filters, and RO film filters have film entrance, pure water outlet and give up Water out, when any one filter element is in controlling the water circulation state, second opening and the film of RO film filters of the filter element Entrance is connected;When any one filter element is in backwash state, the second of the filter element is open and RO film filters Wastewater outlet or pure water outlet, remaining in controlling the water circulation state filter element second opening and the RO membrane filtrations dress The film entrance connection put.
Preferably, purification assembly also includes that the second opening for making each filter element can be in the film of RO film filters Entrance and wastewater outlet or the 3rd control device switched between film entrance and pure water outlet.
Preferably, the electric flocculation device includes housing, the electrode bar being contained in housing, is wrapped on the electrode bar Wire electrode, the two ends of the wire electrode pass the housing and can be electrically connected with unidirectional current positive pole and unidirectional current negative pole.
Preferably, the electric flocculation device includes housing, for the first electrode plate that is electrically connected with unidirectional current positive pole and is used for The second electrode plate being electrically connected with unidirectional current negative pole, the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate arranged in parallel are in the housing Interior, the first electrode plate and quantity of any one of the second electrode plate are two.
The invention discloses a kind of water purifier, it includes purification assembly described above.
The present invention adopts above structure, electric flocculation device to remove the compositions such as the heavy metal in raw water, antibacterial, virus Go, the filter element positioned at electric flocculation device downstream can accept the water after electric flocculation device is filtered, and traveling one is entered to it The filtration of step, can also produce retention to the cotton-shaped colloid that electric flocculation device is produced.When the cotton-shaped colloid in filter element it is more When, backwash can be carried out to filter element, so as to the cotton-shaped colloid in filter element be discharged from drain outlet Filter unit, so as to avoid cotton-shaped colloid obstruction filter element.
Description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing described here is only used for task of explanation, and is not intended to by any way limit model disclosed by the invention Enclose.In addition, shape and proportional sizes of each part in figure etc. are only schematic, the understanding of the present invention is used to help, and It is not the shape and proportional sizes for specifically limiting each part of the invention.Those skilled in the art under the teachings of the present invention, can To select various possible shapes and proportional sizes to implement the present invention as the case may be.
Fig. 1 shows the principle schematic diagram. of a specific embodiment of purification assembly in the application.
Fig. 2 shows the principle schematic of a state of purification assembly in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 shows the principle schematic of another state of purification assembly in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 shows the principle schematic of the another embodiment of purification assembly in the application.
Fig. 5 shows the principle schematic of another state of purification assembly in Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 shows another kind of structural representation of electric flocculation device in the application.
Fig. 7 shows another structural representation of electric flocculation device in the application.
The reference of the figures above:1st, electric flocculation device;101st, water intake end;102nd, water side;11st, housing;12nd, negative electrode Plate;13rd, positive plate;14th, electrode slice;15th, first electrode plate;16th, second electrode plate;17th, electrode bar;18th, wire electrode;19th, lead Line;2nd, drain outlet;3rd, filter element;40th, the first ultra filtration unit;41st, the second ultra filtration unit;5th, the first opening;6th, second open Mouthful;7th, RO film filters;71st, film entrance;72nd, wastewater outlet;73rd, pure water outlet;81st, first control device;82nd, the second control Device processed;83rd, the 3rd control device;9th, water end (W.E.) is used.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the description of accompanying drawing and the specific embodiment of the invention, the details of the present invention can be clearly understood.But It is, the specific embodiment of invention described herein to be only used for explaining the purpose of the present invention, and can not understands by any way Into being limitation of the present invention.Under the teachings of the present invention, technical staff is contemplated that any possible change based on the present invention Shape, these are regarded as belonging to the scope of the present invention.
The invention discloses a kind of purification assembly, it includes electric flocculation device 1;Drain outlet 2;At least two filter elements 3, each filter element 3 has the first opening 5 and the second opening 6.Each filter element 3 has at least two working conditions, when When any one filter element 3 is in controlling the water circulation state, the first opening 5 of the filter element 3 and the water side 102 of electric flocculation device 1 Connection.When any one filter element 3 is in backwash state, the first opening 5 of the filter element 3 is connected with drain outlet 2, Second opening 6 of the filter element 3 is connected with the second opening 6 of the filter element 3 under controlling the water circulation state.
Specifically, electric flocculation device 1 includes the housing 11 with water intake end 101 and water side 102.Housing 11 can enter from it Water end (W.E.) 101 imports raw water.Electrode is provided with housing 11.Electrode includes passing the positive plate 13 that housing 11 connects unidirectional current positive pole With the minus plate 12 for passing the connection unidirectional current negative pole of housing 11.When positive plate 13 and negative plate are in conduction state, electric flocculation Device 1 to filtering into the water in housing 11, and can be exported from the water side 102 of housing 11.Positive plate 13 and negative pole Plate can be fabricated from iron.
First opening 5 of filter element 3 can switch between the water side 102 of electric flocculation device 1 and drain outlet 2.Cross Second opening 6 of filter unit 3 can be connected with the second of other filter elements 3 the opening 6.When one of filter element 3 was in During filter state, the water after electric flocculation device 1 is filtered is filtered again into filter element 3.Through the filter element 3 Water after filtration can with connected outwards to export with water end (W.E.) 9, or with other in backwash state filter elements 3 second The connection of opening 6 is in the filter element 3 of backwash state to be supplied to other.When deposition has more cotton-shaped in the filter element 3 Colloid, the filter element 3 may be at backwash state, and the first opening 5 of the filter element 3 is connected with drain outlet 2, other Second opening 6 of the filter element 3 under controlling the water circulation state is connected with the second opening 6 of the filter element 3.Other are in controlling the water circulation The pure water made of second opening 6 of the filter element 3 under state carry out backwash to the filter element 3, and by the filter element 3 In cotton-shaped colloid pour in drain outlet 2.
Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 shows a specific embodiment of purification assembly in the application.With reference to shown in Fig. 1, this enforcement In mode, purification assembly include electric flocculation device 1, the first ultra filtration unit 40, the second ultra filtration unit 41, RO film filters 7, the One control device 81 and the 3rd control device 83.The positive plate that electric flocculation device 1 includes in insertion housing 11 and extends longitudinally 13 and minus plate 12.The electrode slice for being collectively forming rivulose water stream channel is respectively arranged with positive plate 13 and minus plate 12 14, so as to extend raw water residence time in electric flocculation device 1.First ultra filtration unit 40 and the second ultra filtration unit 41 include super Filter filter element.Ultra-filtration element can be by made by doughnut cortina, and its filtering accuracy is typically in 0.1 microns.RO film mistakes Filter device 7 has film entrance 71, pure water outlet 73 and wastewater outlet 72.First control device 81 can cause the first ultra filtration unit 40 and second first opening of ultra filtration unit 41 5 can switch between the port of export of drain outlet 2 and electric flocculation device 1.3rd Control device 83 can enable the second opening 6 of filter element 3 in the film entrance 71 and wastewater outlet 72 of RO film filters 7 Between switch.
With reference to shown in Fig. 2, when the first ultra filtration unit 40 is in controlling the water circulation state, the first opening 5 of the first ultra filtration unit 40 Can connect with the port of export of electric flocculation device 1.Second opening 6 of the first ultra filtration unit 40 can be with RO film filters 7 Film entrance 71 is connected.With reference to shown in Fig. 3, when the first ultra filtration unit 40 is in backwash state, now the second ultra filtration unit 41 In controlling the water circulation state, the second opening 6 of the first ultra filtration unit 40 can be connected with the wastewater outlet 72 of RO film filters 7.
In one preferred embodiment, when the first ultra filtration unit 40 is in backwash state, now the second ultrafiltration Unit 41 is in controlling the water circulation state, and the second opening 6 of the first ultra filtration unit 40 is connected with the pure water outlet 73 of RO film filters 7, Second opening 6 of the second filter element 41 is connected with the film entrance 71 of RO film filters 7.
In one preferred embodiment, with reference to shown in Fig. 6, electric flocculation device 1 includes housing 11, is contained in housing 11 Interior electrode bar 17, is wound with wire electrode 18 on electrode bar 17, and the two ends of wire electrode 18 pass housing 11 and with unidirectional current just Pole and unidirectional current negative pole are electrically connected with.
In one preferred embodiment, with reference to shown in Fig. 7, electric flocculation device 1 includes housing 11, at least partly houses First electrode plate 15 and second electrode plate 16 in housing 11.First electrode plate 15 and the arranged in parallel of second electrode plate 16 are in shell In vivo.First electrode plate 15 and quantity of any one of second electrode plate 16 are two.In the present embodiment, first electrode plate 15 is two, and second electrode plate 16 is two.Certain, in other schemes, the quantity of first electrode plate 15 can be one, The quantity of second electrode plate 16 is two, or the quantity of first electrode plate 15 is two, and the quantity of second electrode plate 16 is One.It is electrically connected with by wire 19 between two first electrode plates 15.One of first electrode plate 15 passes housing 11, and It is electrically connected with unidirectional current positive pole.It is electrically connected with by wire 19 between two second electrode plates 16.One of second electrode plate 16 Housing 11 is passed, and is electrically connected with unidirectional current negative pole.
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 show a specific embodiment of purification assembly in the application.With reference to shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, In present embodiment, filter element 3 includes stainless steel filter screen.Purification assembly include for make each filter element 3 second The second control device 82 that opening 6 can switch between the second opening 6 with water end (W.E.) 9 and other filter elements 3.
Each embodiment in this specification is described by the way of progressive, what each embodiment was stressed be with The difference of other embodiment, between each embodiment identical similar part mutually referring to.
Above-described embodiment technology design only to illustrate the invention and feature, its object is to allow person skilled in the art Scholar will appreciate that present disclosure and implement according to this, can not be limited the scope of the invention with this.It is all according to the present invention Equivalence changes or modification that spirit is made, all should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of purification assembly, it is characterised in that it includes:
Electric flocculation device;
Drain outlet;
At least two filter elements, each described filter element has the first opening and the second opening;
Each described filter element has at least two working conditions, when any one described filter element is in controlling the water circulation state, First opening of the filter element is connected with the water side of the electric flocculation device;When any one described filter element is in recoil When washing state, the first opening of the filter element is connected with the drain outlet, and the second opening of the filter element is made with being in Second open communication of the filter element under water state;
The purification assembly also includes RO film filters, and the RO film filters have film entrance, pure water outlet and waste water Outlet, when any one described filter element is in controlling the water circulation state, the second opening and the RO membrane filtrations dress of the filter element The film entrance connection put;When any one described filter element is in backwash state, the second of the filter element is open and institute State the wastewater outlet or pure water outlet of RO film filters, remaining in controlling the water circulation state filter element second opening with The film entrance connection of the RO film filters.
2. purification assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the purification assembly includes single for filtering each The first control device that first opening of unit can switch between the water side of the electric flocculation device and drain outlet.
3. purification assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that when the filter element is in controlling the water circulation state, should The second of filter element is open and is connected with water end (W.E.).
4. purification assembly according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the purification assembly includes single for filtering each The second control device that second opening of unit can switch between the second opening with water end (W.E.) and other filter elements.
5. purification assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the electric flocculation device include housing, be placed in it is described The power supply that electrode in housing is mutually electrically connected with the electrode.
6. purification assembly according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the electrode is iron electrode.
7. purification assembly according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the electrode includes the anode in the insertion housing Plate and minus plate.
8. purification assembly according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the electric flocculation device also includes being separately positioned on institute State on positive plate and the minus plate and be collectively forming the electrode slice of serpentine shape water stream channel.
9. purification assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the filter element includes drainage screen.
10. purification assembly according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the filter element includes ultra-filtration element.
11. purification assemblies according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the purification assembly is also included for making each mistake Second opening of filter unit can export it in the film entrance of the RO film filters and wastewater outlet or in film entrance and pure water Between switch the 3rd control device.
12. purification assemblies according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the electric flocculation device includes housing, is contained in shell Internal electrode bar, the wire electrode being wrapped on the electrode bar, the two ends of the wire electrode pass the housing and can with it is straight The electric positive pole of stream and unidirectional current negative pole are electrically connected.
13. purification assemblies according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the electric flocculation device include housing, for it is straight First electrode plate and the second electrode plate for being electrically connected with unidirectional current negative pole, the first electrode plate and institute that the electric positive pole of stream is electrically connected Second electrode plate arranged in parallel is stated in the housing, the first electrode plate and quantity of any one of the second electrode plate For two.
14. a kind of water purifiers, it is characterised in that it includes the purification assembly such as one of claim 1 to 13.
CN201510062262.5A 2015-02-06 2015-02-06 purification component and water purifier Active CN104609614B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105439334B (en) * 2015-12-08 2018-05-04 黄荣贵 Water purifier
CN105439332B (en) * 2015-12-08 2018-10-30 江苏恬然环保科技发展有限公司 rotary water purifier
CN105439333B (en) * 2015-12-08 2018-05-11 黄荣贵 Air blowing type water purifier
CN105461122B (en) * 2015-12-08 2018-05-11 黄荣贵 Rotating electrode type water purifier

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2324144Y (en) * 1997-12-24 1999-06-16 石君 Multi-function water purifier
DE102005033314B4 (en) * 2005-07-16 2008-11-13 Bödrich & Strecker Anlagenbau GmbH Process and filter system for filtering raw water
CN101143303B (en) * 2007-06-29 2010-09-08 浙江沁园水处理科技股份有限公司 Household full-automatic double film self-flushing water-purifying device
CN101185846B (en) * 2007-08-29 2010-05-26 浙江沁园水处理科技股份有限公司 Household water treating device with automatic backwash RO film device
CN202096889U (en) * 2011-05-03 2012-01-04 惠州七芯膜净化环保有限公司 Water purifier
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