CN104608324B - A kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device - Google Patents

A kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104608324B
CN104608324B CN201410832096.8A CN201410832096A CN104608324B CN 104608324 B CN104608324 B CN 104608324B CN 201410832096 A CN201410832096 A CN 201410832096A CN 104608324 B CN104608324 B CN 104608324B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
impeller
location
abutment sleeve
virgin material
blending bunker
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410832096.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104608324A (en
Inventor
严开达
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Haizhou Machinery Co Ltd
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Ningbo Haizhou Machinery Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningbo Haizhou Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Haizhou Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410832096.8A priority Critical patent/CN104608324B/en
Publication of CN104608324A publication Critical patent/CN104608324A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104608324B publication Critical patent/CN104608324B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/17Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C45/18Feeding the material into the injection moulding apparatus, i.e. feeding the non-plastified material into the injection unit
    • B29C45/1808Feeding measured doses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/17Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C45/00Injection moulding, i.e. forcing the required volume of moulding material through a nozzle into a closed mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C45/17Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C45/18Feeding the material into the injection moulding apparatus, i.e. feeding the non-plastified material into the injection unit
    • B29C45/1858Changing the kind or the source of material, e.g. using a plurality of hoppers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device, including blending bunker, blending bunker is provided above virgin material hopper and old material hopper, virgin material hopper connects virgin material passage, virgin material passage rotates and is provided with first impeller, first impeller end face connects location bar, it is arranged with abutment sleeve outside the bar of location, location bar connected together by shop bolt with abutment sleeve it is thus possible to together with rotate, abutment sleeve end is provided with driving gear, old material hopper connects material passage of haveing been friends in the past, old material passage rotates and is provided with second impeller, second impeller end is provided with gear shaft, gear shaft and driving gear engagement coordinate transmission so that second impeller can follow first wheel rotation.Compared with prior art, the simple low cost of manufacture of present configuration, it is possible to add the waste material of quantitative recovery, maximized raising resource utilization, and the ratio scalable of virgin material and waste material in virgin material.

Description

A kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device
Technical field
The invention belongs to injection machine apparatus field, particularly relate to a kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device.
Background technology
Injection machine has another name called injection (mo(u)lding) machine or injector.It is that thermoplastic or thermosetting plastics are utilized plastic forming dies Tool makes the main former of variously-shaped plastic.It is divided into vertical, horizontal, all electric.Injection function heating of plastic, Molten plastic is applied high pressure so that it is penetrate and be full of mold cavity.
The operation principle of injection machine is similar to the syringe having an injection, and it is made by the thrust of screw rod (or plunger), by The plastic injection of the molten condition (i.e. viscous state) plastified enters in the die cavity closed, and obtains the work of goods after cured sizing Skill process.
Injection moulding is the process of a circulation, and each cycle specifically includes that the pressure injection of quantifying feed fusion plastification Mould pickup is opened in mold filling cooling.Take out after plastic mold closing the most again, carry out next circulation.
Injection machine operation item: injection machine operation item includes controlling keyboard operation, electrical apparatus control system operation and hydraulic pressure system System three aspects of operation.Carry out injection process action, charging action, injection pressure, injection speed respectively, eject the choosing of pattern Select, the monitoring of each section of temperature of barrel, injection pressure and the regulation etc. of back-pressure.
The molding process of general screw injection molding machine is: first granular or powdered plastic is added in machine barrel, and passes through The rotation of screw rod and the heating of machine barrel outer wall make plastics become molten condition, and then machine carries out matched moulds and injection seat reach, makes nozzle It is adjacent to the pouring head of mould, is then passed through pressure oil to injection cylinder, make screw rod push ahead, thus with the highest pressure with very fast Speed by Guan Bi mould relatively low for melt implantation temperature, keep (also known as pressurize), cooling through certain time and pressure, Make its curing molding, just can die sinking take out goods (purpose of pressurize be prevent the reflux of melt in die cavity, in die cavity fill-in Material, and ensure that goods have certain density and dimensional tolerance).Injection molding basic demand is plasticizing, injection and molding. Plasticizing is the premise realizing and ensureing shaped article quality, and is the requirement meeting molding, and injection must assure that enough pressure And speed.Simultaneously as injection pressure is the highest, in die cavity, correspondingly produce the highest pressure (average pressure one in die cavity As between 20~45MPa), it is therefore necessary to have sufficiently large mold clamping force.As can be seen here, injection device and mold closing mechanism are notes The critical component of molding machine.
The most domestic enterprise, respond to the call of one's country energy-saving and emission-reduction, in order to economize on resources and reduce cost, all can will return Receive waste material and the most used plastics join in virgin material, melt-blended after, as raw material again with.Although so Can conservation, but, these waste materials and used plastics, wherein can be mixed with some impurity, these impurity can serious shadow Ring the quality of product, the most also can damage injection machine.Further, in order to ensure the quality of product, these waste materials and the mixing of virgin material Ratio has concrete numerical requirements, it is impossible to enough exceed standard, if exceeded standard, then raw material can not be up to standard, thus can make product Quality do not pass a test.
Enterprise solves waste material and the mixed proportion of virgin material at present, as long as after employing is weighed, remix melt-blended.This The mode of kind, although simple, and need not increase cost, but troublesome poeration, and, increase raw material each time and enter injection machine, Being required for weighing once, very bother, time cost is excessive.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to deficiency of the prior art, it is provided that a kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device, it is possible at virgin material The waste material of the recovery that middle interpolation is quantitative, maximized raising resource utilization, and the ratio scalable of virgin material and waste material.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is addressed by following technical proposals: a kind of injection machine is the most accurate Mixing device, including blending bunker, described blending bunker is provided above virgin material hopper and old material hopper, and described virgin material hopper connects to be had Virgin material passage, rotates in described virgin material passage and is provided with first impeller, and described first impeller end face connects location bar, described location Be arranged with abutment sleeve outside bar, described location bar connected together by shop bolt with described abutment sleeve it is thus possible to together with rotate, Described abutment sleeve end is provided with driving gear, and described old material hopper connects material passage of haveing been friends in the past, and rotates and set in described old material passage Being equipped with second impeller, described second impeller end is provided with gear shaft, described gear shaft and the engagement of described driving gear coordinate transmission thus Make described second impeller can follow described first wheel rotation.
In technique scheme, it is preferred that be provided with hole, four first location on the bar of described location, described abutment sleeve is arranged Having hole, four second location, described shop bolt passes through first hole, location described in a pair and described second hole, location thus by described location Bar link together with described abutment sleeve so that both can together with rotate.
In technique scheme, it is preferred that described another section of connection of first impeller has shaft coupling, described shaft coupling and motor Outfan is connected.
In technique scheme, it is preferred that be provided with four driven gears, respectively one-level driven tooth on described gear shaft Wheel, two grades of driven gears, three grades of driven gears and level Four driven gear, the reference diameter of four described driven gears is from one Level to level Four diminishes step by step, and four described driven gears all can realize transmission agency with the engagement of described driving gear.
In technique scheme, it is preferred that rotate in described blending bunker and be provided with puddler, described puddler is provided with If dry tablet paddle, being provided with batch mixing outlet bottom described blending bunker, the upper rotation of described batch mixing outlet is provided with door-plate, described mixed Bin bottom is positioned at described batch mixing outlet both sides and is provided with two heating parts.
The simple low cost of manufacture of present configuration, it is possible to add the waste material of quantitative recovery, maximized raising in virgin material Resource utilization, and the ratio scalable of virgin material and waste material.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is present configuration schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is first blade wheel structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is abutment sleeve structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is second blade wheel structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
With detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings: as shown in Figures 1 to 4, one Planting injection machine simply accurate mixing device, including blending bunker 1, described blending bunker 1 is provided above virgin material hopper 2 and old material material Bucket 3, described virgin material hopper 2 connects virgin material passage 21, rotates and be provided with first impeller 4 in described virgin material passage 21, described First impeller 4 end face connects location bar 41, is arranged with abutment sleeve 42, described location bar 41 He outside described location bar 41 Described abutment sleeve 42 connects together it is thus possible to rotate together by shop bolt 43, and described abutment sleeve 42 end is arranged Having driving gear 422, described old material hopper 3 connects material passage 31 of haveing been friends in the past, and rotates and be provided with second leaf in described old material passage 31 Wheel 5, described second impeller 5 end is provided with gear shaft 51, described gear shaft 51 and described driving gear 422 engagement and coordinates biography It is dynamic so that described second impeller 5 can follow described first impeller 4 rotates.
It is provided with hole 411, four first location on described location bar 41, described abutment sleeve 42 is provided with hole, four second location 421, described shop bolt 43 passes through first hole 411, location described in a pair and described second hole 421, location thus by described location Bar 41 link together with described abutment sleeve 42 so that both can together with rotate.
Another section of connection of described first impeller 4 has shaft coupling 44, described shaft coupling 44 to be connected with the outfan of motor 6.Motor Power resources can be provided for first impeller 4.So, first impeller 4 just can drive second impeller 5 have rotated.
Be provided with four driven gears on described gear shaft 51, respectively 511, two grades of driven gears 512 of one-level driven gear, Three grades of driven gears 513 and level Four driven gear 514, the reference diameter of four described driven gears from one-level to level Four by Level diminishes, and four described driven gears all can realize transmission agency with the engagement of described driving gear 422.So arrange, first leaf The rotating ratio of wheel 4 and second impeller 5 just has 4 numerical value, it becomes possible to change ratio according to the specific requirement of actual production process, Maximized utilize waste material.
Rotate in described blending bunker 1 and be provided with puddler 11, if being provided with dry tablet paddle 12, institute on described puddler 11 State and bottom blending bunker 1, be provided with batch mixing outlet 14, described batch mixing outlet 14 rotates and is provided with door-plate 141, described blending bunker It is positioned at described batch mixing bottom 1 to export 14 both sides and be provided with two heating parts 13.So arrange, it becomes possible to virgin material and old material are existed The most sufficiently mix, improve the quality of raw material, thus ensure that the quality of product.
The present invention mainly utilizes first impeller 4 and the effect of second impeller 5, virgin material and old material is led to from virgin material passage 21 and old material Road 31 is scraped out so that it is drop in the blending bunker 1 of lower section and mix.When the present invention works, need will already be at The virgin material of molten condition and old material are poured in virgin material hopper 2 and old material hopper 3 respectively.So, it becomes possible to utilize the effect of impeller, Scrape out by these virgin materials and old material.Because virgin material and old material are in molten condition, therefore between tension force and its inside on its surface Viscous force be bigger.So some gaps between wheel blade and passage, it is to allow the raw material of these molten conditions spill.
After the present invention starts working, motor output end drives first impeller 4 to rotate by shaft coupling 44, then by location bar 41 and the connection of abutment sleeve 42, transmit power on driving gear 422.The work coordinated by gear engagement the most again With, transmit power on gear shaft, so, be just transmitted directly on second impeller 5.So arrange, as long as actively The gear ratio that gear 422 and gear shaft 51 go out the driven gear matched determines, then, first impeller 4 and second impeller 5 Velocity of rotation ratio just determines that, namely ensure that what the ratio of the virgin material dropped in blending bunker 1 and old material determined that.
Because location bar 41, abutment sleeve 42 and first impeller 4 are connected together, therefore their velocity of rotation is one Sample, second impeller 5 is also the same with the velocity of rotation of gear shaft 51.And because driving gear 422 and gear shaft 51 are to nibble Close routing motion, so both linear velocities are the same, therefore, according to physics's formula, both velocity of rotation ratios, just It is both gear ratios.Level Four driven gear, respectively one-level driven gear 511, two grades it is provided with driven on gear shaft 51 512, three grades of driven gears 513 of gear and level Four driven gear 514, its reference diameter diminishes to level Four step by step from one-level. This level Four driven gear all can coordinate with driving gear 422 engagement, and its number of teeth tails off to level Four step by step from one-level, namely gear ratio Tail off step by step to level Four from one-level.So, also imply that when driving gear 422 and one-level driven gear 511 cooperating, The velocity of rotation of second impeller 5 is minimum, and the ratio shared by old material namely dropped in blending bunker 1 is minimum;Work as master When moving gear 422 and level Four driven gear 514 cooperating, the velocity of rotation of second impeller 5 is maximum, namely drops into The ratio shared by old material in blending bunker 1 is maximum.Do not change the driven gear with driving gear 422 cooperating time Waiting, this ratio determines that.
The virgin material of the present invention and the ratio of old material can regulate, according to different raw materials, and the demand of product, adjust Save old material ratio in the feed.
The simple low cost of manufacture of present configuration, it is possible to add the waste material of quantitative recovery, maximized raising in virgin material Resource utilization, and the ratio scalable of virgin material and waste material.

Claims (4)

1. an injection machine simply accurate mixing device, including blending bunker (1), it is characterised in that: described blending bunker (1) top sets Being equipped with virgin material hopper (2) and old material hopper (3), described virgin material hopper (2) connects virgin material passage (21), described virgin material Rotating in passage (21) and be provided with first impeller (4), described first impeller (4) end face connects location bar (41), described fixed It is arranged with abutment sleeve (42), described location bar (41) and described abutment sleeve (42) outside position bar (41) and passes through alignment pin Nail (43) connects together it is thus possible to rotate together, and described abutment sleeve (42) end is provided with driving gear (422), institute Stating old material hopper (3) and connect material passage (31) of haveing been friends in the past, the middle rotation of described old material passage (31) is provided with second impeller (5), institute Stating second impeller (5) end and be provided with gear shaft (51), described gear shaft (51) and described driving gear (422) engagement are joined Closing transmission so that described second impeller (5) can follow the rotation of described first impeller (4), described location bar (41) is upper to be arranged There are four first hole, location (411), described abutment sleeve (42) is provided with four second hole, location (421), described shop bolt (43) first hole, location (411) described in a pair and described second hole, location (421) are passed through thus by described location bar (41) Link together with described abutment sleeve (42) so that both can together with rotate.
A kind of injection machine the most according to claim 1 simply accurate mixing device, it is characterised in that: described first impeller (4) is another One section of connection has shaft coupling (44), described shaft coupling (44) to be connected with the outfan of motor (6).
A kind of injection machine the most according to claim 2 simply accurate mixing device, it is characterised in that: described gear shaft (51) On be provided with four driven gears, respectively one-level driven gear (511), two grades of driven gears (512), three grades of driven gears And level Four driven gear (514) (513), the reference diameter of four described driven gears diminishes to level Four step by step from one-level, Four described driven gears all can realize transmission agency with described driving gear (422) engagement.
A kind of injection machine the most according to claim 3 simply accurate mixing device, it is characterised in that: in described blending bunker (1) Rotation is provided with puddler (11), described puddler (11) if on be provided with dry tablet paddle (12), described blending bunker (1) Bottom is provided with batch mixing outlet (14), and the upper rotation of described batch mixing outlet (14) is provided with door-plate (141), described blending bunker (1) Bottom is positioned at described batch mixing outlet (14) both sides and is provided with two heating parts (13).
CN201410832096.8A 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 A kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device Expired - Fee Related CN104608324B (en)

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CN201410832096.8A CN104608324B (en) 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 A kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410832096.8A CN104608324B (en) 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 A kind of injection machine simply accurate mixing device

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CN104608324A CN104608324A (en) 2015-05-13
CN104608324B true CN104608324B (en) 2016-10-05

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CN108594870B (en) * 2018-04-18 2021-04-06 戴志卿 Water-rice ratio control device
CN109352936A (en) * 2018-09-15 2019-02-19 武汉奥德驰汽车部件有限公司 A kind of automobile parts injection molding machine and its production technology
CN112030939B (en) * 2020-04-27 2022-10-11 金华职业技术学院 Method for quickly condensing and curing soft foundation of dredger fill
CN112387188B (en) * 2020-11-12 2022-08-02 山东新佳涂料有限公司 Multicolor contrast debugging device for chemical coating production
CN112643915B (en) * 2020-11-17 2022-10-21 江西安德力高新科技有限公司 Polylactic acid resin production equipment for increasing tensile strength

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202803170U (en) * 2012-08-09 2013-03-20 武陟县正龙制粉有限公司 Blender mixer for flour milling plant
CN202951420U (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-05-29 石家庄依欣饲料有限公司 Premixed material automatic batching device
CN203342691U (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-12-18 绵阳沃思测控技术有限公司 Mixer
CN203510605U (en) * 2013-11-01 2014-04-02 宁波创基机械有限公司 Injection molding machine hopper long in service life
CN203739171U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-07-30 宁波圣捷喷雾泵有限公司 Material mixing device for injection molding

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Granted publication date: 20161005

Termination date: 20171229