A kind of concrete pad manufacture device
The present invention relates to concrete pad manufacturing technology field, specifically a kind of pad being easy to produce various shapes
The device of block.
During existing power construction, due to construction cushion block quality is not clearly required, unit in charge of construction often with
Meaning using erose concrete pad or plastic cushion, erose concrete pad is it is difficult to ensure that electric power is applied
The quality of work.During carrying out the processing and manufacturing of concrete pad at the scene, due to there is no regular cushion block tools, simultaneously
Cushion block producer's level limits, and leads to the quality of cushion block to be extremely difficult to construction requirement, in electric power construction field it is sometimes desirable to not
The cushion block of similar shape, this puts forward higher requirement to the diversity of cushion block.Therefore, it is badly in need of a kind of efficient concrete pad
Manufacture device, for producing the concrete pad of various shapes.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of concrete pad manufacture device, for producing the concrete of various shapes
Cushion block, ensures to manufacture efficiency and the quality of coagulation figure cushion block simultaneously.
The present invention solves its technical problem and is adopted the technical scheme that：A kind of concrete pad manufacture device, its feature
It is, including frame, mixer, material storage tube, delivery assembly, lower mould assembly and upper mould assembly,
It is slidably installed a slide block in one end of described frame, fixedly mount a concrete mixer on described slide block top,
It is provided with the first cylinder between described frame and slide block；It is provided with material storage tube in the discharge end of described mixer, a dividing plate is arranged on
It is divided into small one and large one two separate chambers in material storage tube and by material storage tube, small chamber fills water, in described dividing plate
Top be provided with a slide rail, the two ends of slide rail are respectively placed in the top of big chamber and small chamber, described slide rail basal sliding peace
Fill a second vertical cylinder, between described second cylinder and material storage tube, be provided with the 3rd cylinder, in described second cylinder piston
Bar free end is provided with fixture, is clamped with into concrete pipe on described fixture, described enter concrete pipe the other end connect water pump, in described water
The other end of pump is connected with out concrete pipe, described go out concrete pipe the other end be arranged on a vertical placement the 4th cylinder piston rod from
By holding, described water pump, enter concrete pipe and go out concrete pipe and constitute delivery assembly, described 4th cylinder is arranged on lower mould assembly；
Described lower mould assembly includes housing, support, the 6th cylinder, lower mould rotating disk, support plate, the first support block, the 7th gas
Cylinder, the second support block, the 8th cylinder and lower mould, the described housing of hollow is fixed on the top of frame, in the inner chamber of described housing
In be provided with a support being connected with housing slide, described frame is provided with driving arm slip the first drive module；Institute
State housing side and be provided with the side door allowing support to pass through, be rotatablely equipped with mould rotating disk at the top of described support, described
It is provided with the second drive module driving lower mould rotating disk to rotate between lower mould rotating disk and support, described lower mould rotating disk is provided with some
Lower mould spacing hole, some described lower mould spacing holes are located on inside and outside two circumference respectively, and the lower mould spacing hole on same circumference
Spaced set, is placed with the lower mould that top is big, bottom is little in described lower mould spacing hole；It is provided with two at the top of described support
Individual 6th cylinder, the 6th cylinder described in two is centrally located on same straight line with lower mould rotating disk and two the 6th cylinders are respectively positioned at interior
On outer two circumference；It is provided with horizontal positioned and is rotatably installed in the support plate of case top in the surface of described lower mould rotating disk,
It is provided with the motor driving support plate rotation and transmission mechanism between described support plate and housing；Described support plate is provided with some
First through hole and the second through hole, described first through hole and the second through hole are located at the surface of the 6th cylinder respectively, and described first
The aperture of through hole and the second through hole is all higher than the external diameter of lower mould；The top slide of described support plate be provided with some to first
Bracer and some to the second support block, two first paired support blocks are located at the both sides of first through hole respectively, paired first
First semicircle orifice is respectively equipped with support block, two first semicircle orifices composition the first circles during paired first support block end contact
Hole, and the aperture of described first circular hole is adaptable with the bottom of lower mould, in described support plate top and paired two first supports
It is respectively equipped with the 7th cylinder linkage action on the 7th cylinder, and two first paired support blocks between block；Paired two second
Support block is located at the both sides of the second through hole respectively, is respectively equipped with the second semicircle orifice in the second paired support block, and paired the
During two support block end contacts, two second semicircle orifices form the second circular hole, and the bottom phase of the aperture of described second circular hole and lower mould
Adapt to, be respectively equipped with the 8th cylinder between described support plate top and two second paired support blocks, and paired two second
The 8th cylinder linkage action in support block；
Described upper mould assembly includes the installing rack being arranged on case top, the one-tenth circumferential fashion arrangement being arranged on installing rack
The 5th cylinder and the upper mould being arranged on the 5th cylinder piston rod free end.
Further, described first drive module includes being fixed in frame the first motor, to be fixed on the first motor defeated
Gear on shaft and the tooth bar being fixed on frame bottom, described rack and pinion engagement cooperation.
Further, it is provided with chute at the top of described frame, described support is arranged in chute and in chute cathetus
Slide；It is respectively arranged at two ends with the first travel switch and the second travel switch in described chute, first, second travel switch is respectively
It is engaged with the two ends of tooth bar, and first, second travel switch is connected with controller signals by wire respectively, described control
Device is connected with the first motor signal by wire.
Further, the second drive module includes being fixed on support the second motor, it is arranged on the second motor output end
The driving gear of worm and gear setting coaxial with worm gear and engage with driving gear cooperation driven gear, in driven gear
Axle top is installed with spline, and described spline is connected with lower mould rotating disk.
Further, described lower mould includes the forming part of cylinder and cylindrical guide part, the external diameter of described guide part
Less than the external diameter of forming part, the limiting section of a taper is cased with described guide part；It is provided with groove in the end face of described forming part,
It is provided with a column at the center of described groove；It is provided with one in the end face of described guide part blind with what the 6th cylinder piston rod coordinated
Further, the lower mould spacing hole coordinating with described lower mould includes bellmouth setting up and down and cylindrical hole.
Further, described blind hole includes cylindrical hole setting up and down and bellmouth.
Further, it is cased with telescopic protective jacket outside described second cylinder piston rod.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows：The concrete pad manufacture device that the present invention provides, can be by from lower mould rotating disk
Upper different lower mould carries out the manufacture of different shape cushion block, and in whole process, realizes Based Intelligent Control by cylinder and motor, from
Dynamicization degree is high, production efficiency is high.And the lower mould quality that produces is good, ensure that quality and the security of power construction；This
The concrete going out in concrete pipe can be ejected by external partition and the setting of water, to avoid wasting.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is for the A in Fig. 1 to partial view；
Fig. 3 is for the B in Fig. 1 to partial view；
Fig. 4 is for the C in Fig. 3 to partial view；
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional schematic of lower mould assembly；
Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of lower mould rotating disk；
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional schematic of lower mould rotating disk；
Fig. 8 is one of cooperation schematic diagram of lower mould and lower mould rotating disk；
Fig. 9 is the two of lower mould and the cooperation schematic diagram of lower mould rotating disk；
Figure 10 is the front schematic view of lower mould；
Figure 11 is the upward view of lower mould；
Figure 12 is the schematic top plan view of support plate；
Figure 13 is one of cooperation schematic diagram of support plate and lower mould；
Figure 14 is for the D in Figure 13 to partial view；
Figure 15 is the two of support plate and the cooperation schematic diagram of lower mould；
Figure 16 is for the E in Figure 15 to partial view；
Figure 17 is slip schematic diagram in frame for the support；
Figure 18 is schematic diagram during the lower mould of lifting；
Figure 19 is the schematic diagram of upper mould assembly；
Figure 20 is the second drive module schematic diagram；
In figure：1 frame, 11 first cylinders, 12 chutes, 121 first travel switches, 122 second travel switches, 2 mixers,
21 slide blocks, 3 material storage tubes, 30 stock guides, 31 vertical shafts, 32 stirring vanes, 33 dividing plates, 34 slide rails, 35 second cylinders, 36 the 3rd gas
Cylinder, 37 protective jackets, 38 fixtures, 4 delivery assemblies, 41 enter concrete pipe, 42 water pumps, 43 the 4th cylinders, mould assembly on 5,51 installing racks, and 52
5th cylinder, mould on 53,6 lower mould assemblies, 61 housings, 611 side doors, 62 supports, 631 tooth bars, 632 gears, 633 first motors,
64 the 6th cylinders, 65 times mould rotating disks, 651 splined holes, 652 times mould spacing holes, 66 support plates, 661 first gathering sills, 662 first
Through hole, 663 second gathering sills, 664 second through holes, 67 first support blocks, 671 first semicircle orifices, 672 the 7th cylinders, 68 second
Support block, 681 second semicircle orifices, 682 the 8th cylinders, 69 clutch shaft bearings, 7 times moulds, 71 forming parts, 72 guide parts, 721 blind holes,
73 limiting sections, 81 second motors, 82 worm screws, 83 worm gears, 84 driving gears, 85 driven gears, 851 gear shafts, 86 second bearings,
87 excircles, 88 inner peripherys.
As shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 20, the present invention includes frame 1, mixer 2, material storage tube 3, delivery assembly 4, upper mould assembly 5 and
Lower mould assembly 6, present invention is described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, frame 1 is the matrix of the present invention, the acting as of frame installs other parts.As shown in Fig. 2 in machine
The top of frame left end is provided with slide block 21, is provided with mixer 2 on the top of slide block, slide block is connected with housing slide, in frame
It is provided with the first cylinder 11 of a horizontal positioned, the piston rod free end of the first cylinder is fixedly connected with a slide block, by the first cylinder
The moving horizontally of control slide block and mixer.It is provided with material storage tube 3 in the discharge end of mixer, during work, can be stirred by mixer
Mix fabrication of concrete, the concrete being stirred directly falls in material storage tube；Also can drive the first cylinder action that mixer is moved
Move to side, the filling concrete being processed distant place by conveyer belt or other conveying equipments is in material storage tube.For ease of mixed
Solidifying soil falls in material storage tube, is provided with the stock guide 30 of a circular arc in the side at material storage tube top, stock guide is obliquely installed, guide
The low side of plate is fixed on material storage tube, the high-end discharging opening towards mixer of stock guide, and the setting of stock guide can be easy to coagulation
As shown in figure 3, being provided with a vertical shaft 31 at the center of material storage tube, some stirring vanes 32 are provided with vertical shaft, and
The bottom of material storage tube is provided with motor and transmission mechanism, by transmission mechanism by vertical shaft and motor connection, to drive the rotation of vertical shaft,
During vertical shaft rotating, drive stirring vane to rotate the stirring realized to concrete, prevent the consolidation of concrete.It is provided with material storage tube
One dividing plate 33, material storage tube is divided into small one and large one two spaces by dividing plate, and wherein larger space is used for storing concrete, less
Space is used for storing water.As shown in figure 4, be fixed with the slide rail 34 of a horizontal positioned on the top of material storage tube, the two ends of slide rail are divided
It is not placed in the both sides of dividing plate.Second cylinder 35 of one vertical placement is installed in the basal sliding of slide rail, solid on material storage tube inwall
3rd cylinder 36 of a fixed horizontal positioned, the piston rod of the 3rd cylinder is fixedly connected with the cylinder barrel of the second cylinder, by the 3rd gas
The moving horizontally of action drives second cylinder of cylinder.It is provided with a fixture 38 in the second cylinder piston rod lower end, fixture includes mutually
Hinged two parts, the one end entering concrete pipe is fixed in a portion of fixture, and another part of fixture is fixed on the second gas
On cylinder piston rod.The height of dividing plate should be less than the least significant end entering concrete pipe when the second cylinder piston rod is fully retracted, and now, drives
3rd cylinder piston rod is retracted or is stretched out and can then drive the second cylinder piston rod so that entering the wherein side that concrete pipe is placed in dividing plate
Stretch out so that the one end entering concrete pipe is placed in concrete or in water, can achieve the extraction to concrete or water.For preventing concrete
It is bonded on the second cylinder piston rod, is provided with protective jacket 37 outside the second cylinder piston rod, protective jacket can stretch.
It is provided with delivery assembly 4 in the side of material storage tube, delivery assembly is included into concrete pipe 41, water pump 42, the 4th cylinder 43 and
Go out concrete pipe, the two ends of water pump connect respectively into concrete pipe 41 and go out concrete pipe, enter concrete pipe and are placed in material storage tube, in the side of delivery assembly
It is provided with lower mould assembly 6, the 4th cylinder is vertically placed and secured on lower mould assembly, the one end going out concrete pipe is fixed on the 4th cylinder
Piston rod free end.
As shown in figure 5, lower mould assembly includes housing 61, support 62, tooth bar 631, gear 632, the first motor the 633, the 6th
Cylinder 64, lower mould rotating disk 65, support plate 66, the first support block 67, the 7th cylinder 672, the second support block 68, the 8th cylinder 682
With lower mould 7.Housing 61 is columnar hollow metal part, and the bottom of housing is fixed in frame.It is provided with side in the side of housing
Door 611, is provided with a support 62 in the inner chamber of housing, and support is support member, and its shape is unrestricted, can be welded by section bar
Fixation forms.Support is connected with housing slide, and the top in frame is provided with chute 12 accordingly, and support is coordinated with slide.
For the slip of driving arm, it is fixed with tooth bar 631 in the bottom of support, rotate in frame top and gear 632 is installed, gear is fixed
On the first motor 633 output shaft, by the first motor, gear-rack drive support along chute slip, and support can be through side
Door slides out to hull outside, as shown in figure 17.In the left and right sides of chute, it is respectively equipped with the first stroke being engaged with tooth bar
Switch 121 and the second travel switch 122, first, second travel switch is all connected with the controller signals of the first motor, works as tooth bar
When contacting with first, second travel switch, travel switch makes the first motor quit work to controller sending signal.First electricity
Machine, gear and tooth bar constitute the first drive module.
It is provided with lower mould rotating disk 65 at the top of support, as shown in fig. 6, lower mould rotating disk is circular metalwork, turn in lower mould
The center of disk is provided with splined hole 651, and lower mould rotating disk is fixedly mounted in the inner ring of a clutch shaft bearing 69, clutch shaft bearing horizontal positioned
And be fixed on support.Some lower mould spacing holes 652 are provided with lower mould rotating disk, as shown in Figure 7.Lower mould spacing hole includes top
Bellmouth and lower section cylindrical hole, the setting of bellmouth can be easy to guiding it is ensured that lower mould accurately falls in lower mould spacing hole, and
Lower mould spacing hole runs through two surfaces up and down of lower mould rotating disk.Some lower mould spacing holes are located at the inner periphery 88 of inside and outside setting respectively
On excircle 87, inner periphery is identical with the lower mould spacing hole number on excircle, and the lower mould limit on inner periphery and excircle
Position hole spaced set；On inside and outside circumference, the extended line of the line at lower mould spacing hole center is through the center of lower mould rotating disk.Under
Mould spacing hole is used for placing lower mould 7, as shown in figure 8, under free state, lower mould is placed in lower mould spacing hole.
As shown in Figure 10, lower mould includes the forming part 71 of upper end and the guide part 72 of lower end, and forming part is cylinder, is becoming
The upper surface in type portion is provided with groove, and the shape of groove can be circle, square, rectangle, regular polygon, ellipse etc.,
The center of groove is provided with the column of a vertical placement, after concreting in a groove, just can be consolidated into a center with holes
Cushion block.Guide part is the cylindrical member of hollow, and the external diameter of guide part is less than the external diameter of forming part, as shown in figure 11, guiding
The bottom in portion is provided with a blind hole 721, and blind hole includes cylindrical hole setting up and down and bellmouth, and this cylindrical hole and bellmouth is little
End is connected.The outer wall of guide part is nested with and fixes the limiting section 73 of a taper, the big end of limiting section is towards forming part.As
Shown in Fig. 8, after lower mould is placed in lower mould spacing hole, the guide part of lower mould is engaged with the cylindrical hole of lower mould spacing hole,
The limiting section of lower mould is engaged with the bellmouth of lower mould spacing hole, to limit the relative position of lower mould and lower mould rotating disk.
As shown in figure 9, being placed with lower mould, the one-tenth of some lower mould on same circumference in the lower mould spacing hole of lower mould rotating disk
Type portion has groove of different shapes.For ease of taking, positioned at the groove shapes with twice mold forming portions on Radius identical,
But the size dimension of groove is different, the cushion block of same shape can be produced with twice moulds on Radius.
It is provided with two the 6th vertical cylinders 64 in frame upper, two the 6th cylinders and lower mould rotating disk are centrally located at same
On straight line, and two the 6th cylinders are located at the lower section of internal and external circumference respectively, that is, rotate lower mould rotating disk and two the 6th cylinders can be made to be located at
The underface of lower mould spacing hole.For driving the rotation of lower mould rotating disk, rotation driving module is provided with support, as shown in figure 20,
Rotation driving module includes the second motor 81, worm screw 82, worm gear 83, driving gear 84, driven gear 85, gear shaft 851 and
Two bearings 86, the second motor 81 is fixed on support, worm screw 82 coaxial with the second motor output shaft setting and be rotatably installed in
Worm gear engagement cooperation on support, worm gear 83 horizontal positioned, a driving gear 84 fixedly mounted on worm-wheel shaft, driving gear with
It is rotatably installed in the driven gear 85 engagement cooperation on support, driven gear shaft is vertically placed, and is fixed on second bearing 86
In inner ring, it is fixed with spline on the top of driven gear shaft, spline is coordinated with splined hole.Second bearing is fixed on support, leads to
Cross the rotation that lower mould rotating disk is realized in the second motor, worm and gear and gear drive.Second motor, worm gear, worm screw, driving gear and
Driven gear constitutes the second drive module.
It is provided with support plate 66 in the surface of lower mould rotating disk, support plate is rotatably installed in the top of housing, and support plate
Axis and the axis collinear setting of lower mould rotating disk, can drive the rotation of support plate, support plate is each by motor and transmission mechanism
Rotate 45 degree.As shown in figure 12, some the first support blocks 67 being pointed on same circumference are provided with support plate, some
The inside of one support block is provided with some the second support blocks 68 being pointed on same circumference, and the first support block and the second support block are equal
For semicircle, and the first paired support block is oppositely arranged, and the second paired support block is oppositely arranged.First, second support block
It is semi-circular shape, and the first support block and the second support block are all slidably connected with support plate, for driving first, second support block
Slip, be provided with the 7th cylinder 672 between the arc sections and support plate of every one first support block, in every one second support block
It is provided with the 8th cylinder 682 between arc sections and support plate.During the paired end contact of two first support blocks, paired two first
Support block forms an annular.Be provided with the first gathering sill 661 between the first support block and support plate, the second support block with
It is provided with the second gathering sill 663, the setting of first, second gathering sill can be easy to the straight line of first, second support block between support plate
Slide.First through hole 662 He is respectively equipped with the support plate between the first paired support block and the second paired support block
Second through hole 664, the aperture of first through hole and the second through hole should be greater than the maximum outside diameter of lower mould.The inner chamber of the first support block is provided with
First semicircle orifice 671, the inner chamber of the second support block is provided with the second semicircle orifice 681, and two in the first paired support block the first half
Circular hole forms the first circular hole, and this first circular hole aperture is equal to the external diameter to portion for the lower die guiding on excircle；The second paired support
Two second semicircle orifices on block form the second circular hole, and this second circular hole aperture is equal to the external diameter to portion for the lower die guiding on inner periphery.
The 7th cylinder linkage action in the first paired support block, the 8th cylinder linkage action in the second paired support block, with
Be implemented as to the first (the second) support block synchronization action.
When the making needing to carry out concrete pad, select corresponding lower mould as needed, now drive the second motor
Action so that lower mould rotating disk turns over certain angle, this at present the lower mould on mould rotating disk be located at first through hole or the second through hole
Underface, as shown in figure 13；Lower mould rotating disk often rotates once, and its rotational angle is 45 ° of integral multiple.As shown in Figure 14, Figure 18,
Drive the 6th cylinder piston rod to stretch out, lower mould is ejected from lower mould rotating disk so that lower mould is located at first through hole or the second through hole
In.As shown in Figure 15, Figure 16, the 7th cylinder piston rod is driven to stretch out the end contact making the first paired support block, now
First circular hole is contacted to portion with lower die guiding；Then the 6th cylinder piston rod is driven to retract, in the presence of lower mould limiting section, lower mould
It is fixed in the first circular hole.Position due to going out concrete pipe is fixed, and therefore, lower mould rotating disk rotates after stopping, needed for should making under
Mould is located at out below the concrete pipe mouth of pipe, in order to by filling concrete in lower mould.
It is provided with mould assembly 5 in the surface of support plate, upper mould assembly includes installing rack 51, the 5th cylinder 52 and upper mould
53, it is provided with installing rack 51 in housing upper, the 5th cylinder 52 of some circumference is provided with installing rack, and the 5th cylinder
Circumference.After by filling concrete in lower mould, the 5th cylinder piston rod can be driven to stretch out, in the 5th cylinder piston rod certainly
Upper mould 53 is provided with by end, concrete is compacted by upper mould with the effect of lower mould.
This concrete pad manufacture device, by carrying out the system of different shape cushion block from different lower mould on lower mould rotating disk
Make, and in whole process, Based Intelligent Control, high degree of automation are realized by cylinder and motor.Extracted in material storage tube by water pump
Filling concrete in lower mould, for ease of saving, when going out the concrete in concrete pipe and pouring out a cushion block enough, now may be used
Driving second, third cylinder action so that going out in the water that concrete pipe is placed in dividing plate side, then driving water pump action, by follow-up
Water concrete is ejected, to avoid concrete going out to remain the blocking causing and waste in concrete pipe.