Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of icon arrangement method of adjustment and mobile terminal, by rocking the adjustment realizing icon arrangement, improving regularity and the aesthetics at interface, being convenient to user and searching.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions.
A kind of icon arrangement method of adjustment, comprising:
(1) the mapping relations table that difference rocks direction and different icons arrangement mode is pre-set;
(2) detect in real time the current of mobile terminal and effectively rock direction;
(3) currently rock direction and described mapping relations table according to described, determine current icon arrangement of rocking corresponding to direction, accordingly the icon on described mobile terminal screen is rearranged.
Wherein, described step (2) specifically comprises:
What real-time detection mobile terminal was current rocks direction and rocks the accekeration on direction;
Judging whether described accekeration exceedes default acceleration rate threshold, rocking direction described in if so, then judging as effectively rocking direction, otherwise rock direction for invalid.
Wherein, described step (2) specifically comprises:
The dynamics value that what real-time detection mobile terminal was current rock direction and rock;
Judging whether described dynamics value exceedes default dynamics threshold value, rocking direction described in if so, then judging as effectively rocking direction, otherwise rock direction for invalid.
Wherein, rock direction described in comprise: from top to bottom, from the bottom to top, from left to right, from right to left, by lower-left to upper right, by upper right to lower-left, by upper left to bottom right, bottom right to upper left.
Wherein, described icon arrangement comprises icon arrangement rule and/or icon alignment direction;
Described icon arrangement rule comprises: the rule sorted successively by the title initial of icon, the rule sorted successively by the file size of described desktop icons, the rule sorted successively by the file type of icon, the rule sorted successively by the modification time of icon or the rule sorted successively by the frequency of utilization of the file of icon;
Described icon alignment direction comprises: the direction contrary with the final stop orientation of described mobile terminal after rocking end, or the direction identical with the final stop orientation of described mobile terminal after rocking end.
Wherein, described step (3) specifically comprises:
Rock if mobile terminal is left and right directions, finally rest on the right side, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to the left successively from the right of screen;
Rock if mobile terminal is left and right directions, finally rest on a left side, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to the right successively from the left of screen;
Rock if mobile terminal is above-below direction, finally rest on direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange downwards successively from the top of screen;
Rock if mobile terminal is above-below direction, under finally resting on direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange upward successively from the below of screen;
Rock if mobile terminal is lower-left and upper right, finally rest on lower-left, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to upper right side successively from the lower left of screen;
Rock if mobile terminal is lower-left and upper right, finally rest on direction upper right, then by icon according to descending, from the upper right side of screen arranged beneath left successively;
Rock if mobile terminal is upper left and lower right, finally rest on bottom right, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to upper left side successively from the lower right of screen;
Rock if mobile terminal is upper left and lower right, finally rest on upper left, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to the right successively below the upper left of screen
A kind of mobile terminal, comprising:
Sensing cell, effectively rocks direction for what sense this mobile terminal in real time;
Mapping relations definition unit, for user provides an operation interface, rocks the mapping relations table of direction and different icons arrangement mode for self-defined difference;
Adjustment unit, for effectively rocking direction and described mapping relations table according to the current of this mobile terminal, determining corresponding icon arrangement, rearranging accordingly to the icon on this mobile terminal screen.
Wherein, described sensing cell comprises:
Rock direction acquisition module, rock direction for the current of this mobile terminal of Real-time Obtaining;
Rock judge module, for obtaining current dynamics value of rocking accekeration on direction/rock, judging whether it exceedes default acceleration rate threshold/dynamics threshold value, if so, then judging that current direction of rocking is as effectively rocking direction, otherwise be invalidly rock direction.
Wherein, rock judge module described in comprise:
Acceleration detection module, for obtaining this mobile terminal at the current accekeration rocked on direction;
Rock dynamics detection module, for obtaining this mobile terminal in current dynamics value of rocking;
Comparison module, for more described accekeration/dynamics value and default acceleration rate threshold/dynamics threshold value.
Wherein, rock direction acquisition module described in and be specially electronic compass.
Compared with prior art, the present invention's embodiment of the present invention has the following advantages:
The application embodiment of the present invention, user is by rocking the mode of terminal to adjust the arrangement mode of onscreen icons, and definable different rock the corresponding different arrangement mode in direction, be applicable to left hand and right-hand operated, multiple arrangement mode can be realized, not only easy to operate, quick, interesting high, and ensure that the regularity that onscreen icons arranges and aesthetics, facilitate user's searching software or file etc., greatly improve Consumer's Experience effect.
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Mobile terminal can be implemented in a variety of manners.Such as, the terminal described in the present invention can comprise the mobile terminal of such as mobile phone, smart phone, notebook computer, PDA (personal digital assistant) etc.
Fig. 1 is the block diagram of the mobile terminal that the embodiment of the present invention is correlated with.
Mobile terminal 100 can comprise wireless communication unit 110, A/V (audio/video) input block 120, user input unit 130, sensing cell 140, output unit 150, storer 160, interface unit 170, controller 180 and power supply unit 190 etc.Fig. 1 shows the mobile terminal with various assembly, it should be understood that, does not require to implement all assemblies illustrated.Can alternatively implement more or less assembly.
Will be discussed in more detail below the element of mobile terminal.
Wireless communication unit 110 generally includes one or more assembly, and it allows mobile terminal 100 and the wireless communication of mobile terminal between wireless communication system wherein or network.Such as, wireless communication unit can comprise at least one in broadcast reception module 111, mobile communication module 112, wireless Internet module 113, short range communication module 114 and positional information module 115.
Broadcast reception module 111 via broadcast channel from external broadcasting management server receiving broadcast signal and/or broadcast related information.Broadcast channel can comprise satellite channel and/or terrestrial channel.Broadcast management server can be generate and send the server of broadcast singal and/or broadcast related information or the broadcast singal generated before receiving and/or broadcast related information and send it to the server of terminal.Broadcast singal can comprise TV broadcast singal, radio signals, data broadcasting signal etc.And broadcast singal may further include the broadcast singal combined with TV or radio signals.
Broadcast related information can not provide via mobile communications network yet, and in this case, broadcast related information can be received by mobile communication module 112.
Broadcast singal can exist in a variety of manners.Such as, it can exist with the form of the electronic service guidebooks (ESG) of the electronic program guides of DMB (DMB) (EPG), digital video broadcast-handheld (DVB-H) etc.
Broadcast reception module 111 can be constructed to by using various types of broadcast system Received signal strength to broadcast.Especially, broadcast reception module 111 can receive digital broadcasting by using the digit broadcasting system of such as multimedia broadcasting-ground (DMB-T), DMB-satellite (DMB-S), digital video broadcasting-hand-held (DVB-H), the Radio Data System being known as only forward link media (MediaFLO), received terrestrial digital broadcasting integrated service (ISDB-T) etc.Broadcast reception module 111 can be constructed to be applicable to providing the various broadcast system of broadcast singal and above-mentioned digit broadcasting system.
The broadcast singal received via broadcast reception module 111 and/or broadcast related information can be stored in storer 160 (or storage medium of other type).
Radio signal is sent at least one in base station (such as, access point, Node B etc.), exterior terminal and server and/or receives radio signals from it by mobile communication module 112.Various types of data that such radio signal can comprise voice call signal, video calling signal or send according to text and/or Multimedia Message and/or receive.
Wireless Internet module 113 support is used for the Wi-Fi (Wireless Internet Access) of mobile terminal.This module can be inner or externally thickly receive terminal.The Wi-Fi (Wireless Internet Access) technology implemented can comprise WLAN (WLAN) (Wi-Fi), Wibro (WiMAX), Wimax (worldwide interoperability for microwave access), HSDPA (high-speed downlink packet access) etc.
Short range communication module 114 is the modules for supporting junction service.Some examples of short-range communication technology comprise bluetooth TM, radio-frequency (RF) identification (RFID), Infrared Data Association (I rDA), ultra broadband (UWB), purple honeybee
Positional information module 115 is the modules of position for checking or obtain mobile terminal.The typical case of positional information module is GPS (fortune position, whole world system).According to current technology, GPS module 115 calculates from the range information of three or more satellite and correct time information and for the Information application triangulation calculated, thus calculates three-dimensional current location information according to longitude, latitude and pin-point accuracy.Current, the method for calculating position and temporal information uses three satellites and by using the error of the position that goes out of an other satellite correction calculation and temporal information.In addition, GPS module 115 can carry out computing velocity information by Continuous plus current location in real time.
A/V input block 120 is constructed to audio reception or vision signal.A/V input block 120 can comprise camera 121 and the view data of microphone 1220 camera 121 to the static images obtained by image capture apparatus in Video Capture pattern or image capture mode or video processes.Picture frame after process may be displayed on display unit 151.
The picture frame processed by camera 121 can be stored in storer 160 (or other storage medium) or via wireless communication unit 110 and send.Two or more cameras 1210 can be provided according to the structure of mobile terminal.
Such acoustic processing can via microphones sound (voice data) in telephone calling model, logging mode, speech recognition mode etc., and can be voice data by microphone 122.Audio frequency (voice) data after process can be converted to the formatted output that can be sent to mobile communication base station via mobile communication module 112 when telephone calling model.Microphone 122 can be implemented various types of noise and eliminate (or suppress) algorithm and receiving and sending to eliminate (or suppression) noise or interference that produce in the process of sound signal.
User input unit 130 can generate key input data to control the various operations of mobile terminal according to the order of user's input.User input unit 130 allows user to input various types of information, and keyboard, the young sheet of pot, touch pad (such as, detecting the touch-sensitive assembly of the change of the resistance, pressure, electric capacity etc. that cause owing to being touched), roller, rocking bar etc. can be comprised.Especially, when touch pad is superimposed upon on display unit 151 as a layer, touch-screen can be formed.
Sensing cell 140 detects the current state of mobile terminal 100, (such as, mobile terminal 100 open or close state), the position of mobile terminal 100, user for mobile terminal 100 contact (namely, touch input) presence or absence, the orientation of mobile terminal 100, the acceleration or deceleration of mobile terminal 100 move and direction etc., and generate order or the signal of the operation for controlling mobile terminal 100.Such as, when mobile terminal 100 is embodied as sliding-type mobile phone, sensing cell 140 can sense this sliding-type phone and open or close.In addition, whether whether sensing cell 140 can detect power supply unit 190 provides electric power or interface unit 170 to connect with external device (ED) is thick.
Interface unit 170 is used as at least one external device (ED) and is connected the interface that can pass through with mobile terminal 100.Such as, external device (ED) can comprise wired or wireless head-band earphone port, external power source (or battery charger) port, wired or wireless FPDP, memory card port, for connecting the port, audio frequency I/O (I/O) port, video i/o port, ear port etc. of the device with identification module.
Identification module can be that storage uses the various information of the right of mobile terminal 100 for authentication of users and can comprise subscriber identification module (UIM), Subscriber Identity Module (SIM), general subscriber identification module (USIM) etc.In addition, the device (hereinafter referred to " recognition device ") with identification module can take the form of smart card.Therefore, recognition device can be connected with terminal 100 via port or other coupling arrangement.Interface unit 170 may be used for receive from external device (ED) input (such as, data message, electric power etc.) and the input received be transferred to the one or more element in mobile terminal 100 or may be used for transmitting data between mobile terminal and external device (ED).
In addition, when mobile terminal 100 is connected with external base, interface unit 170 can be used as to allow by it electric power to be provided to the path of mobile terminal 100 from base or can be used as the path that allows to be transferred to mobile terminal by it from the various command signals of base input.The various command signal inputted from base or electric power can be used as and identify whether mobile terminal is arranged on the signal base exactly.
Output unit 150 is constructed to provide output (such as, sound signal, vision signal, alarm signal, vibration signal etc.) with vision, audio frequency and/or tactile manner.Output unit 150 can comprise display unit 151, dio Output Modules 152, alarm unit 153 etc.
Display unit 151 may be displayed on the information of process in mobile terminal 100.Such as, when mobile terminal 100 is in telephone calling model, display unit 151 can show with call or other communicate (such as, text messaging, multimedia file are downloaded etc.) be correlated with user interface (U I) or graphic user interface (GUI).When mobile terminal 100 is in video calling pattern or image capture mode, display unit 151 can the image of display capture and/or the image of reception, UI or GUI that video or image and correlation function are shown etc.
Meanwhile, when display unit 151 and touch pad as a layer superposed on one another to form touch-screen time, display unit 151 can be used as input media and output unit.Display unit 151 can comprise at least one in liquid crystal display (LCD), thin film transistor (TFT) LCD (TFT-LCD), Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) display, flexible display, three-dimensional (3D) display etc.Some in these displays can be constructed to transparent in allow from outside viewing, and this can be called transparent display.Typical transparent display can be such as TOLED (transparent organic light emitting diode) display etc.According to the specific embodiment wanted, mobile terminal 100 can comprise two or more display units (or other display device).Such as, mobile terminal can comprise outernal display unit (not shown) and inner display unit (not shown).Touch-screen can be constructed to even to detect touch input pressure and touch input position and touch and input area.
Dio Output Modules 152 can by receive from wireless communication unit 110 in call signal receiving mode, call mode, logging mode, speech recognition mode, broadcast reception mode etc. or storer 160 store voice data change and export as sound.And dio Output Modules 152 can provide the audio frequency relevant to the specific function performed by mobile terminal 100 to export (such as, call signal receives sound, message sink sound etc.).Dio Output Modules 152 can comprise loudspeaker, hummer etc.
Alarm unit 153 can provide and export that event informed to mobile terminal 100.Typical event can comprise calling reception, message sink, key signals input, touch input etc.Except audio or video exports, alarm unit 153 can provide in a different manner and export with the generation of notification event.Such as, alarm unit 153 can provide output with the form of vibration.When receive calling, message or some other enter communication (incomingcommunication) time, alarm unit 153 can provide sense of touch to export (that is, vibrating) to notify to user.By providing such sense of touch to export, even if when the mobile phone of user is in the pocket of user, user also can identify the generation of various event.The output of the generation of notification event also can be provided via display unit 151 or dio Output Modules 152.
Storer 160 can store software program of process for being performed by controller 180 and control operation etc., or temporarily can store oneself through exporting the data (such as, telephone directory, message, still image, video etc.) that maybe will export.And, storer 160 can store about when touch be applied to touch-screen time the vibration of various modes that exports and the data of sound signal.
Storer 160 can comprise the storage medium of at least one type, described storage medium comprises flash memory, hard disk, multimedia card, card-type storer (such as, SD or DX storer etc.), random access storage device (RAM), static random-access memory (SRAM), ROM (read-only memory) (ROM), electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory EPROM (EEPROM), programmable read only memory (PROM), magnetic storage, disk, CD etc.And mobile terminal 100 can be connected the memory function of execute store 160 network storage device with by network cooperates.
Controller 180 controls the overall operation of mobile terminal usually.Such as, controller 180 performs the control relevant to voice call, data communication, video calling etc. and process.In addition, controller 180 multi-media module 1810 multi-media module 181 that can comprise for reproducing (or playback) multi-medium data can be configured in controller 180 or can be configured to be separated with controller 180.
Controller 180 pattern recognition process can be identified as character or image so that input is drawn in the handwriting input performed on the touchscreen or picture.
Power supply unit 190 receives external power or internal power and provides each element of operation and the suitable electric power needed for assembly under the control of controller 180.
Various embodiment described herein can to use such as computer software, the computer-readable medium of hardware or its any combination implements.
For hardware implementation, embodiment described herein can by using application-specific IC (ASIC), digital signal processor (DSP), digital signal processing device.Object, programmable logic device (PLD), field programmable gate array (FPGA), processor, controller, microcontroller, microprocessor, be designed at least one performed in the electronic unit of function described herein and implement.In some cases, such embodiment can be implemented in controller 180.
For implement software, the embodiment of such as process or function can be implemented with allowing the independent software module performing at least one function or operation.Software code can be implemented by the software application (or program) write with any suitable programming language.Software code can be stored in storer 160 and to be performed by controller 180.
So far, oneself is through the mobile terminal according to its functional description.Below, for the sake of brevity, by the slide type mobile terminal that describes in various types of mobile terminals of such as folded form, board-type, oscillating-type, slide type mobile terminal etc. exemplarily.Therefore, the present invention can be applied to the mobile terminal of any type, and is not limited to slide type mobile terminal.
Mobile terminal 100 as shown in Figure 1 can be constructed to utilize and send the such as wired and wireless communication system of data via frame or grouping and satellite-based communication system operates.
Describe wherein according to such communication system that mobile terminal of the present invention can operate referring now to Fig. 2.
Such communication system can use different air interfaces and/or Physical layer.Such as, the air interface used by communication system comprises such as frequency division multiple access (FDMA), time division multiple access (TDMA) (TDMA), CDMA (CDMA) and universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) (especially, Long Term Evolution (LTE)), global system for mobile communications (GSM) etc.As non-limiting example, description below relates to cdma communication system, but such instruction is equally applicable to the system of other type.
With reference to figure 2, cdma wireless communication system can comprise multiple mobile terminal 100, multiple base station (BS) 270, base station controller (BSC) 275 and mobile switching centre (MSC) 2800MSC 280 and be constructed to form interface with Public Switched Telephony Network (PSTN) 290.MSC 280 is also constructed to and can forms interface via the thick BSC 275 receiving base station 270 of back haul link.Back haul link can construct according to any one in some known interfaces, and described interface comprises such as E 1/T1, ATM, IP, PPP, frame relay, HDSL, ADSL or xDSL.Will be appreciated that system as shown in Figure 2 can comprise multiple BSC275.
Each BS 270 can serve one or more subregion (or region), by multidirectional antenna or point to specific direction each subregion of antenna cover radially away from BS 270.Or each subregion can by two or more antenna covers for diversity reception.Each BS 270 can be constructed to support multiple parallel compensate, and each parallel compensate has specific frequency spectrum (such as, 1.25MHz, 5MHz etc.).
Subregion can be called as CDMA Channel with intersecting of parallel compensate.BS 270 also can be called as base station transceiver subsystem (BTS) or other equivalent terms.Under these circumstances, term " base station " may be used for broadly representing single BSC 275 and at least one BS 270.Base station also can be called as " cellular station ".Or each subregion of particular B S270 can be called as multiple cellular station.
As shown in Figure 2, broadcast singal is sent to the mobile terminal 100 at operate within systems by broadcsting transmitter (BT) 295.Broadcast reception module 111 as shown in Figure 1 is arranged on terminal 100 and sentences the broadcast singal receiving and sent by BT 295.In fig. 2, several GPS (GPS) satellite 300 is shown.Satellite 300 helps at least one in the multiple terminal 100 in location.
In fig. 2, depict several satellite 300, but understand, the satellite of any number can be utilized to obtain useful locating information.GPS module 115 as shown in Figure 1 is constructed to coordinate to obtain the locating information wanted with satellite 300 usually.Substitute GPS tracking technique or outside GPS tracking technique, can use can other technology of position of tracking mobile terminal.In addition, at least one gps satellite 300 optionally or extraly can process satellite dmb transmission.
As a typical operation of wireless communication system, BS 270 receives the reverse link signal from various mobile terminal 10.Mobile terminal 100 participates in call usually, information receiving and transmitting communicates with other type.Each reverse link signal that certain base station 270 receives is processed by particular B S 270.The data obtained are forwarded to relevant BSC 275.BSC provides call Resourse Distribute and comprises the mobile management function of coordination of the soft switching process between BS 270.The data received also are routed to MSC280 by BSC 275, and it is provided for the extra route service forming interface with PSTN 290.Similarly, PSTN 290 and MSC 280 form interface, and MSC and BSC 275 forms interface, and BSC 275 correspondingly control BS270 so that forward link signals is sent to mobile terminal 100.
8 orientation that it is reference point that Fig. 3 shows with the central point of the mobile terminal of forward placement, comprising: upper and lower, left and right, upper left, upper right, lower-left, bottom right.In the following description, the orientation that in the embodiment of the present invention, mobile terminal can be responded to includes but not limited to these orientation.
Based on the mobile terminal shown in Fig. 1, in order to realize by rocking the arrangement mode adjusting icon, the present embodiment has carried out improvement to existing partial function module, has increased some functional modules newly simultaneously on this mobile terminal 100, defines new mobile terminal 100 ', as shown in Figure 4, comprising:
Sensing cell 140 ', effectively rocks direction for what sense this mobile terminal in real time;
Mapping relations definition unit 410, for user provides an operation interface, rocks the table of mapping relations one by one of direction and different icons arrangement mode, provides foundation for successive arrangement mode adjusts for self-defined difference; Certainly, also directly can adopt default setting, user only need arrange mapping relations in the custom first according to oneself.
Adjustment unit 420, direction is rocked for the current of this mobile terminal detected according to sensing cell 140 ', and the mapping relations table rocking direction and arrangement mode preset, determine the icon arrangement of current employing, accordingly icon is rearranged.
Particularly, sensing cell 140 ' comprising:
Rock direction acquisition module 141 ', rock direction for the current of this mobile terminal of Real-time Obtaining; This module is specifically as follows electronic compass;
Rock judge module 142 ', currently rock accekeration on direction or dynamics value for obtaining, and itself and corresponding predetermined threshold value are compared, if the former is greater than the latter, then judge that the current behavior of rocking effectively rocks behavior, otherwise be invalidly rock behavior.This module specifically comprises acceleration detection module, rocks dynamics detection module and comparison module.
Refer to Fig. 5, the figure shows the icon arrangement method of adjustment of the present embodiment, specifically comprise step:
501, the table of mapping relations one by one that difference rocks direction and different icons arrangement mode is pre-set, as the basis for estimation that later arrangement mode adjusts.This mapping relations table can adopt initial default setting, also can be changed at any time according to the use habit of self by user, realize individual demand.
In the present embodiment, the orientation that can sense based on mobile terminal includes upper and lower, left and right, upper left, upper right, lower-left or bottom right, and what the embodiment of the present invention can detect effectively rock direction can include: from top to bottom, from the bottom to top, from left to right, from right to left, by lower-left to upper right, by upper right to lower-left, by upper left to bottom right, bottom right to upper left etc.Direction is rocked for often kind, the icon arrangement of its correspondence comprises queueing discipline and orientation, queueing discipline is wherein: by icon file size, amendment date or frequency of utilization etc., orientation is: the direction contrary with the stop orientation after current having rocked.
502, detect in real time the current of mobile terminal and rock direction, and accekeration or dynamics.
503, described accekeration, dynamics or distance are compared with the threshold value preset, to judge whether current behavior of rocking is effectively rock behavior, if so, then performs next step, otherwise returns step 502.
504, direction is rocked according to the current of this mobile terminal, and the mapping relations table rocking direction and arrangement mode preset, determine current icon arrangement of rocking corresponding to direction, accordingly the icon on this mobile terminal screen is rearranged.
In said method, can mapping relations table be set according to following concrete mode and adjust icon arrangement accordingly:
Rock if a mobile terminal is left and right directions, finally rest on right, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to the left successively from the right of screen;
Rock if b mobile terminal is left and right directions, finally rest on a left side, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to the right successively from the left of screen;
Rock if c mobile terminal is above-below direction, finally rest on direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange downwards successively from the top of screen;
Rock if d mobile terminal is above-below direction, under finally resting on direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange upward successively from the below of screen;
Rock if e mobile terminal is lower-left and upper right, finally rest on lower-left, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to upper right side successively from the lower left of screen;
Rock if f mobile terminal is lower-left and upper right, finally rest on direction upper right, then by icon according to descending, from the upper right side of screen arranged beneath left successively;
Rock if g mobile terminal is upper left and lower right, finally rest on bottom right, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to upper left side successively from the lower right of screen;
Rock if h mobile terminal is upper left and lower right, finally rest on upper left, direction, then by icon according to descending, arrange to the right successively below the upper left of screen.
Certainly, in other embodiments, the mapping relations of rocking direction and arrangement mode are not limited to aforesaid way, and also can increase at any time in actual applications, delete, change, and realize varied.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any amendments done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.