CN104546361B - The operation table of micro-spinal cord surgery - Google Patents

The operation table of micro-spinal cord surgery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104546361B
CN104546361B CN201410833683.9A CN201410833683A CN104546361B CN 104546361 B CN104546361 B CN 104546361B CN 201410833683 A CN201410833683 A CN 201410833683A CN 104546361 B CN104546361 B CN 104546361B
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China
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described
operation table
hinge
connected
part
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CN201410833683.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104546361A (en
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奚健
徐婧
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奚健
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Publication of CN104546361A publication Critical patent/CN104546361A/en
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Publication of CN104546361B publication Critical patent/CN104546361B/en

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Abstract

A kind of operation table of micro-spinal cord surgery, there is the first column and the second column laying respectively at these operation table two ends, and the bed surface support being connected with described first column and the second column, described bed surface support has the hinged structures being positioned at middle part, described hinged structures at least can switch between the first position and the second position, when described hinged structures is in primary importance, bed surface support is straightened condition, when described hinged structures is in the second position, described bed surface support has the sweep in substantially arch protruding upward, the free space formed below of described sweep, described operation table does not have any part entering this free space.

Description

The operation table of micro-spinal cord surgery

Technical field

The present invention relates to the operation table of a kind of surgical operation, relate more specifically to a kind of micro-spinal cord god Operation table surgically.

Background technology

Micro-spinal nerves surgical operation needs good operation accuracy and therapeutic effect.But giving When patient performs the operation, the operation of doctor requires very fine, and also the most tired.In this situation Under, doctor should not stand for a long time and consume more muscle power.Generally, for performing this type of operation, meeting The double of doctor are accommodated at operation table other placement seat and in the enough spaces of offer, the lower section of operation table Lower limb.When is performed the operation in patient spine position (such as neurosurgery operation on spinal cord) time, need to make trouble Person is prostrate and raises its disease sites, such as waist or back partly, now should be at operation table Middle part forms the part raised up.But use existing operation table doctor, be such as sitting in operation During bedside, both legs cannot stretch into the lower section of operation table natural relaxation, thus cannot natural relaxation ground Disease sites near patient.For needing to carry out the doctor of prolonged operations, so Operation table easily make their tired, it is impossible to meet them and carry out the requirement of microsurgery for a long time.

Summary of the invention

In order to overcome the problems referred to above, the present invention proposes the operation table of a kind of micro-Surgery of spinal cord, this hands Art bed accessory has the first column and the second column laying respectively at two ends, and stands with the first column and second The bed surface support that post is connected.For forming the projection coordinated needed for dorsal spinal cord operation, this bed surface support Being provided with the hinged structures being positioned at middle part, this hinged structures at least can be in primary importance and second Switching between position, when described hinged structures is in primary importance, bed surface support is straightened condition, When described hinged structures is in the second position, described bed surface support has protruding in greatly upward Cause the sweep of arch, and the free space formed below of described sweep.

Thus, both legs can freely be stretched in this space when performing the operation by doctor such that it is able to Perform the operation near patient with the posture more loosened, it is to avoid cause fatigue because consuming extra muscle power.

Currently preferred, described bed surface support can form the waist bridge of projection, specifically, this bed Face support includes the first straight portion being connected with described first column, is connected with described second column Second straight portion, and the described hinged structures between described first and second straight portion. This operation table is can ensure that by the connection of this first and second straight portion Yu the first and second pillars Structural stability and glacing flatness, and then ensureing to be positioned at the hinged structures of centre, also to have good structure steady Qualitative.

It may further be preferable that this hinged structures includes following sections: with described first straight portion It is connected and the first pivotable parts that can rotate relative to this first straight portion, second flat with described The second pivotable parts that straight part is connected and can rotate relative to this second straight portion, Yi Jiyu Described first pivotable parts and the second pivotable parts are connected and can be able to turn relative to described first The 3rd pivotable parts that dynamic part and the second pivotable parts rotate.Operation compared to prior art For the projection (such as in tip-angled shape) of bed, such syllogic structure has and has the 3rd rotatable portion Divide the flat upper surfaces formed, it is possible to ensure that bed surface forms the enough Area of bearing to patient chest abdominal part With good comfortableness.

The each several part of the bed surface support in the present invention is preferably connected with hinge, is provided with first for this Hinge, the first straight portion described in this first chain connection and described first pivotable parts;Second hinge Chain, the second straight portion described in this second chain connection and described second pivotable parts;3rd hinge, First pivotable parts described in 3rd chain connection and described 3rd pivotable parts;4th hinge, Second pivotable parts described in 4th chain connection and described 3rd pivotable parts.Employing hinge is even The advantage connect is, can be easily achieved the adjustment of bed surface backing positions with the structure that price is relatively low, And hinge more saves space compared to the structure in the documents using pull bar.

The first hinge in the present invention, the second hinge, the 3rd hinge, the 4th hinge all can use many Kind of structure realizes, and each hinge is not required for constructing identical.Specifically, these hinges are wherein One of can have: pivot, by this hinge be connected two-part at least one relative to This pivot can rotate;Porous disc, this porous disc has multiple adjacent hole at its periphery, and should Porous disc with described be connected two-part one of them fixing be connected;Stop pin, this stop pin with The described two-part other in which being connected is connected, and this stop pin can be out of engagement with The hole of described porous disc;By described stop pin being bonded to the hole of the diverse location of described porous disc, Relative angle between the two parts being connected described in can adjusting.Hinge in the present invention can also be adopted The locked configuration matched with multi-gear disk and locking wedge, now hinge includes multi-gear disk, and this multi-gear disk exists Its periphery has multiple tooth, and this multi-gear disk with described be connected two-part one of them fix Connect;Locking wedge, this locking wedge is connected with the described two-part other in which being connected, and And this locking wedge can be out of engagement with the tooth of described multi-gear disk;By described locking wedge is bonded to institute State the diverse location of multi-gear disk, it is possible to the relative angle between the two parts being connected described in adjustment.This Outward, described multi-gear disk can be tooth bar.It is configured to easily and the low realization of low cost has by above-mentioned Angle locking and the hinge of adjustment function.

Advantageously, operation table does not have any part entering this free space.

Also it is preferred that operation table has the hollow groove extended longitudinally in approximate mid-section.This structure Be conducive to being maintained on operation table the health of patient with anchor.

In order to adapt to the height of different doctor, or permission doctor stands and performs the operation, and described first stands Post and the height adjustable of the second column.

In order to avoid because of frequent cantilever during surgical, causing arm the most tired with the wrist raised, the present invention's Operation table is provided with the supporter of support arm, and this supporter is preferably mounted at the described 3rd rotatable portion On Fen;And convenient in order to take apparatus, this operation table is additionally provided with instrument tray.

Accompanying drawing explanation

From the explanation be given as non-restrictive example below by way of accompanying drawing it will be clear that this Bright feature, wherein:

Fig. 1 is the schematic isometric of the operation table of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of an embodiment of the hinge of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of another embodiment of the hinge of the present invention.

Detailed description of the invention

The exemplary embodiment of the present invention is described below in detail.Described in literary composition and the example shown in accompanying drawing Property embodiment be intended to instruct the present invention principle, enable those skilled in the art in some varying environments Neutralize and some different application are implemented and uses the present invention.Therefore, exemplary embodiment be not intended to, And should not be considered as the restricted description of the scope to patent protection.On the contrary, patent protection Scope is limited to the appended claims.

Fig. 1 shows the operation table of the present invention with axonometric chart.This operation table is particularly well-suited to neurosurgery Operation on spinal cord.As it can be seen, this operation table is provided with the first column C1 and the second column at its two ends C2, the two column is for supporting this operation table on the ground." column " used herein this One term include those skilled in the art it is conceivable that of the prior art any can be for supporting The structure of operation table bed surface.Operation the most carried out above, this first column and the second column are Height adjustable, in view of this function can be realized by prior art, therefore repeats no more herein.

Be connected with the first column C and the second column C2 is bed surface support, and it is used for supporting patient Health.This bed surface support includes the first straight portion 1 being firmly connected with described first column C1, two Person can not relatively rotate;The second straight portion 2 being firmly connected with the second column C2, the two it Between can not relatively rotate.In order to form the protruding waist bridge of supporting patient chest abdominal part, flat first Directly be provided with hinged structures between part 1 and the second straight portion 2, comprising: with the first flat part Point 1 is hinged and connected and therefore, it is possible to the first pivotable parts 3 of rotating relative to this first straight portion 1, Be hinged and connected with the second straight portion 2 and can relative to this second straight portion 2 rotate second can Rotating part 4, and be all hinged and connected also with the first pivotable parts 3 and the second pivotable parts 4 And the 3rd pivotable parts that can rotate relative to this first pivotable parts and the second pivotable parts 5。

As it is shown in figure 1, the first pivotable parts 3 is inclined upwardly relative to the first straight portion, and Second pivotable parts 4 is also inclined upwardly relative to the second straight portion, so that the 3rd is rotatable Part 5 defines the platform for patient lies prone higher than the first straight portion and the second straight portion.This Skilled person is readily apparent that, when the first pivotable parts 3 and the second pivotable parts 4 are all with One, when the second straight portion is coplanar, whole bed surface support will be in straightened condition.Also may be used by this Fig. 1 To find out, at the free space formed below of bed surface support, i.e. it is not provided with any obstruction doctor double Lower limb stretches into the parts in this space.This, for the doctor of sitting operation, effectively avoids The fatigue caused because of sitting posture distortion.

In order to by first pivotable parts 3, second pivotable parts 4 and of bed surface support Three pivotable parts 5 are adjusted to suitable angle, and the present invention have employed hinge structure.Specifically, The first hinge the two being connected is set between the first straight portion 1 with described first pivotable parts 3 Chain h1;Between the second straight portion 2 and described second pivotable parts 4, the second hinge h2 is set; The 3rd hinge both being connected is set between the first pivotable parts 3 and the 3rd pivotable parts 5 h3;The 4th hinge both being connected is set between the second pivotable parts 4 and the 3rd pivotable parts 5 Chain h4.Further, in order to by first pivotable parts the 3, second pivotable parts of bed surface support 4 and the 3rd pivotable parts 5 be maintained at operating position, the individual hinge of the present invention is respectively provided with can be real The structure of existing lock function.

As a example by the first hinge h1, it can have multiple locking fixed structure, such as Fig. 2 to Fig. 3 and all show Go out feasible embodiment.

As in figure 2 it is shown, this first hinge has pivot 11, the first straight portion 1 and first is rotatable At least one of part 3 can rotate relative to this pivot 11;Phase is fixed with the first straight portion 1 Porous disc 12 even, this porous disc has multiple adjacent hole 13 at its periphery;In the first rotatable portion Dividing and be provided with stop pin 14 on 3, this stop pin is inserted into or extracts the hole 13 of porous disc 12.? During rotating operation, stop pin 14 is extracted a hole of porous disc, rotates relative to the first straight portion 1 During the first pivotable parts 3 to angle on target, stop pin 14 is inserted the hole mating this angle, Both lockings.

Fig. 3 shows equally with another locking that the first hinge h1 is the hinge being illustrated in the present invention Structure.As it is shown on figure 3, hinge includes pivot 11, multiple tooth with what the first straight portion 1 was fixedly linked Dish 16, this multi-gear disk 16 has multiple tooth 17 at its periphery;First pivotable parts 3 is arranged Having the locking wedge 18 being only capable of moving along a straight line, this locking wedge 18 snaps in adjacent under the bias of a spring Two teeth between.Similar with the structure of ratchet and pawl and function, when the first pivotable parts 3 is relative When the first straight portion 1 is rotated up, locking wedge 18 meeting pressuring spring is also retracted, thus allows two Person relatively rotates;But after arriving target location, locking wedge 18 will be stuck in two under the bias of the spring Cannot retract between tooth so that the first pivotable parts 3 cannot rotate down.

It is also possible to tooth bar is used as the latch-up structure of hinge.Such as, straight first Being provided with the pull bar that can rotate relative to it in part 1, it has the end of hook-type.Can turn first Being provided with tooth bar in dynamic part 3, it has multiple tooth.The end of pull bar be adapted to engage in two teeth it Between, and profile of tooth and hook-type be both designed to allow the first pivotable parts 3 relative to the first flat part Divide 1 to be lifted up, but stop the first pivotable parts 3 to fall relative to the first straight portion 1.

Second to the 4th hinge all can use one of above-mentioned hinge format.

In order to the body steadiness of patient be maintained on operation table, this operation table can be arranged along longitudinally prolonging The hollow groove stretched.Additionally, in order to avoid because of frequent cantilever during surgical, causing arm easy with the wrist raised Fatigue, the operation table of the present invention is provided with the supporter of support arm, and this supporter is preferably mounted at institute State on the 3rd pivotable parts;And in order to doctor takes operating theater instruments conveniently, this operation table is additionally provided with Instrument tray.

Claims (10)

1. the operation table of a micro-spinal cord surgery, it is characterised in that described operation table has Lay respectively at the first column and second column at these operation table two ends, and with described first column and The bed surface support that two columns are connected, described bed surface support has the hinged structures being positioned at middle part, Described hinged structures at least can switch between the first position and the second position, when described hinged structures When being in primary importance, bed surface support is straightened condition, when described hinged structures is in the second position, Described bed surface support has the sweep in substantially arch protruding upward, described sweep Free space formed below,
Wherein, described bed surface support includes: the first straight portion being connected with described first column, with The second straight portion that described second column is connected, and be positioned at described first and second flat parts and divide it Between described hinged structures, and
Wherein, described hinged structures includes: is connected with described first straight portion and can relative be somebody's turn to do The first pivotable parts that first straight portion rotates, is connected with described second straight portion and can The second pivotable parts rotated relative to this second straight portion, and with described first pivotable parts It is connected with the second pivotable parts and can be rotatable relative to described first pivotable parts and second 3rd pivotable parts of partial turn.
2. operation table as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
Arranging the first hinge, the first straight portion described in this first chain connection is first rotatable with described Part,
Arranging the second hinge, the second straight portion described in this second chain connection is second rotatable with described Part,
Arranging the 3rd hinge, the first pivotable parts described in the 3rd chain connection can turn with the described 3rd Dynamic part,
Arranging the 4th hinge, the second pivotable parts described in the 4th chain connection can turn with the described 3rd Dynamic part.
3. operation table as claimed in claim 2, wherein,
Described first hinge, the second hinge, the 3rd hinge, the 4th hinge at least one is such Structure, i.e. this hinge has:
Pivot, by this hinge be connected two-part at least one can relative to this pivot Rotate;
Porous disc, this porous disc has multiple adjacent hole at its periphery, and this porous disc is with described One of them the fixing connection two-part being connected;
Stop pin, this stop pin is connected with the described two-part other in which being connected, and This stop pin can be out of engagement with the hole of described porous disc;It is described by described stop pin is bonded to The hole of the diverse location of porous disc, it is possible to the relative angle between the two parts being connected described in adjustment.
4. operation table as claimed in claim 2, wherein,
Described first hinge, the second hinge, the 3rd hinge, the 4th hinge at least one is such Structure, i.e. this hinge has:
Pivot, by this hinge be connected two-part at least one can relative to this pivot Rotate;
Multi-gear disk, this multi-gear disk has multiple tooth at its periphery, and this multi-gear disk is connected with described Two-part one of them fixing connect;
Locking wedge, this locking wedge is connected with the described two-part other in which being connected, and This locking wedge can be out of engagement with the tooth of described multi-gear disk;It is described by described locking wedge is bonded to The diverse location of multi-gear disk, it is possible to the relative angle between the two parts being connected described in adjustment.
5. operation table as claimed in claim 4, wherein,
Described multi-gear disk is tooth bar.
6. operation table as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
Described operation table does not have any part entering described free space.
7. the operation table as described in one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that described operation table exists Middle part has the hollow groove extended longitudinally.
8. the operation table as described in one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that described first column Height adjustable with the second column.
9. the operation table as described in one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that described operation table is also Being provided with the supporter for support arm, described supporter is arranged on described 3rd pivotable parts.
10. the operation table as described in one of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that described operation table It is additionally provided with instrument tray.
CN201410833683.9A 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 The operation table of micro-spinal cord surgery CN104546361B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410833683.9A CN104546361B (en) 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 The operation table of micro-spinal cord surgery

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410833683.9A CN104546361B (en) 2014-12-29 2014-12-29 The operation table of micro-spinal cord surgery

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CN104546361A CN104546361A (en) 2015-04-29
CN104546361B true CN104546361B (en) 2016-09-14

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4474364A (en) * 1982-11-29 1984-10-02 American Sterilizer Company Surgical table
CN101909570A (en) * 2007-10-22 2010-12-08 瑞穗整形外科系统公司 Surgery table appratus
CN203874039U (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-10-15 湖南颐而康保健连锁股份有限公司 Lifting massaging bed with bed face adjustable in multiple angles

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7565708B2 (en) * 2005-02-22 2009-07-28 Jackson Roger P Patient positioning support structure

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4474364A (en) * 1982-11-29 1984-10-02 American Sterilizer Company Surgical table
CN101909570A (en) * 2007-10-22 2010-12-08 瑞穗整形外科系统公司 Surgery table appratus
CN203874039U (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-10-15 湖南颐而康保健连锁股份有限公司 Lifting massaging bed with bed face adjustable in multiple angles

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TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20161223

Address after: 410008 Hunan province Changsha Xiangya Road No. 87

Patentee after: Xiangya Hospital Central South University

Address before: 410008 Hunan province Changsha Xiangya Road 88, the Department of Neurosurgery of Xiangya Hospital

Patentee before: Xi Jian

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160914

Termination date: 20171229

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee