CN104361372A - Radio frequency card based on remote control - Google Patents

Radio frequency card based on remote control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104361372A
CN104361372A CN201410675656.3A CN201410675656A CN104361372A CN 104361372 A CN104361372 A CN 104361372A CN 201410675656 A CN201410675656 A CN 201410675656A CN 104361372 A CN104361372 A CN 104361372A
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China
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module
radio frequency
switch
chip
control circuit
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CN201410675656.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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沈高峰
韩丽
崔建涛
杨杰
李萍
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郑州轻工业学院
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Priority to CN201410675656.3A priority Critical patent/CN104361372A/en
Publication of CN104361372A publication Critical patent/CN104361372A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a radio frequency card based on remote control. The radio frequency card comprises a shell and an electronic assembly arranged in the shell. The electronic assembly comprises a radio frequency chip, an induction coil, a switch, a switch control circuit, a data processor, a positioning module, a fingerprint recognition module and a power source module. According to the radio frequency card, fingerprint recognition is conducted through a fingerprint recognition system, an information recognition module in the data processor parses a control command sent by the fingerprint recognition system and converts the control command into a data command, then the data processor sends out a corresponding control signal according to the data command to the switch control circuit, the switch control circuit controls turn-on and turn-off of the switch according to the control signal so as to control signal transmission between the radio frequency chip and the induction coil, accordingly, when the radio frequency card is lost, a finder cannot use the radio frequency card, and meanwhile, the position where the radio frequency card is located can be found timely through a positioning device.

Description

一种基于远程控制的射频卡 A radio frequency based remote control card

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种智能电路(IC)卡,具体涉及一种基于远程控制的射频卡。 [0001] The present invention relates to an intelligent circuit (IC) card, RF card based particularly relates to remote control.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 射频识别即RFID (Rad1 Frequency IDentificat1n)技术,又称电子标签、无线射频识别,是一种通信技术,可通过无线电讯号识别特定目标并读写相关数据,而无需识别系统与特定目标之间建立机械或光学接触。 [0002] i.e., a radio frequency identification RFID (Rad1 Frequency IDentificat1n) technology, also known as an electronic tag, radio frequency identification, is a communication technique, and can read and write data via radio signals to identify a specific target, without identification of the specific target system mechanical or optical contact is established between. 常用的有低频(125k〜134.2K)、高频(13.56Mhz)、超高频,无源等技术。 Commonly used low frequency (125k~134.2K), high frequency (13.56Mhz), UHF, passive technologies. RFID读写器也分移动式的和固定式的,目前RFID技术应用很广,如:图书馆,门禁系统,食品安全溯源等。 RFID readers can be divided into mobile and fixed, the current RFID technology is very broad, such as: libraries, access control systems, food safety, traceability and so on.

[0003] 射频卡(RF卡)也称非接触型IC卡,是最近几年发展起来的一项新技术,它成功地将射频识别技术和IC卡技术结合起来,将具有微处理器及大容量存储器的集成电路芯片和天线封装于塑料基片之中,以无线方式传送数据。 [0003] RF card (RF card), also known as the non-contact type IC card, a new technology developed in recent years, it succeeded in radio frequency identification technology and IC card technology together, having a microprocessor and a large an integrated circuit chip and the antenna are encapsulated in the capacity of the memory in the plastic substrate to transmit data wirelessly. 外形与普通的信用卡基本相同,信息是靠卡中的集成电路进行存储和处理,RF卡在读写时处于非接触操作状态,避免了由于接触不良所造成的读写错误等误操作,同时避免了灰尘、油污等外部恶劣环境对读写卡的影响。 Shape and substantially the same as the ordinary credit card, the information is stored and processed by the IC card, the RF card is a non-contact state when the read and write operations, and so avoids the erroneous read and write errors caused by contact failure, while avoiding the effects of dust, oil and other harsh external environment for the card reader.

[0004] 然而由于射频卡所具有的体积轻薄的特点,因此在日常使用过程中会很容易造成丢失,从而给用户带来很大困扰。 [0004] However, due to the characteristics of thin volume RF card has, therefore in the course of daily use can easily cause the loss of so great distress to the user. 例如,饭卡作为射频卡最常见的一种,当其丢失时,用户可能由于其他原因不能及时对丢失的射频卡进行挂失。 For example, a meal card as the most common form of radio frequency card, when it is lost, the user may not be able to timely report the loss of loss of radio frequency cards for other reasons. 在此情况下,若丢失的射频卡被意图不正的人所捡取,就可以通过其所处环境内的使用射频刷卡技术的超市等地方对射频卡内的金额进行使用。 In this case, if the card is lost RF seizure intention is not correct, it will be in the amount of radio frequency card use by using in their environment RF technology of the supermarket credit card and other places. 简单地说,现在的射频卡缺少丢失后时的防盗功能。 Simply put, now is the lack of RF card anti-theft function is lost after.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 为解决上述问题,本发明提供了一种基于远程控制的射频卡,一旦射频卡丢失,捡到者就无法使用,同时可以通过定位装置及时找到射频卡所在的位置。 [0005] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a radio frequency based remote control card, RF card is lost once, it can not be picked up by the use of, and can find the location of the RF card is located in time by the positioning means.

[0006] 为实现上述目的,本发明采取的技术方案为: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention takes technical solutions:

[0007] —种基于远程控制的射频卡,包括一壳体以及设于所述壳体内部的一电子组件,所述电子组件包括一射频芯片、感应线圈、开关、开关控制电路、数据处理器、定位模块、指纹识别模块以及电源模块,其特征在于,所述开关架设于所述射频芯片与感应线圈之间,用于连接信号的传输;所述开关控制电路连接于所述开关,用于控制所述开关的启闭;所述数据处理器分别连接于所述开关控制电路以及所述指纹识别模块;所述电源模块通过电源线与所述定位模块、数据处理器、指纹识别模块、相连,所述壳体外侧设有太阳能接收板,所述太阳能接收板通过电源线与所述电源模块相连,所述定位模块包括GPS芯片、RFID芯片和电子罗盘芯片,所述GPS芯片包括中央处理模块,GPS输入信号经过噪音抑制模块和增益放大模块进入中央处理模块,GPS输出信号经过 [0007] - species based remote control radio frequency card, comprising a housing and an electronic component disposed in the interior of the housing, the electronic component comprises an RF chip, an induction coil, switches, switch control circuit, the data processor positioning module, fingerprint identification module and a power module, wherein the switch is bridged between the induction coil and the radio frequency chip, for transmitting a connection signal; the switch control circuit connected to said switch for controlling opening and closing of the switch; the data processor is connected to the switch control circuit and the fingerprint identification module; power line by the power module and the location module, a data processor, a fingerprint identification module, connected to the outer case is provided with solar panels, the solar panels is connected to the power line by the power module, the positioning module comprises a GPS chip, the RFID chip and the electronic compass chip, said GPS chip including a central processing module , GPS signal is input through the noise suppression gain amplifier modules and the central processing module enter the module, GPS signal through output 线信号发射模块输出,所述RFID芯片和电子罗盘芯片与中央处理模块相连,所述数据处理器包括一信息辨识模块,用于解析所述指纹识别模块所接收到的控制指令并将其转化为数据指令,所述数据处理器根据接收到的所述数据指令发出对应的控制信号予所述开关控制电路,所述开关控制电路根据所述控制信号控制所述开关的启闭。 An output module transmitting the signal line, the RFID chip and the chip electronic compass with the central processing module, said data processor includes an information recognition module, for controlling the fingerprint identification command analysis module received and converted to instruction data, said data processor issues a corresponding control signal according to the instruction received data to the switch control circuit, said control circuit turning on and off according to the control signal of the switch.

[0008] 作为优选,所述开关为三极管,所述开关控制电路为三极管开关控制电路。 [0008] Advantageously, the switch is a transistor, the switch control circuit is a transistor switching control circuit.

[0009] 作为优选,所述RFID芯片采用RM9030。 [0009] Advantageously, the RFID chip RM9030.

[0010] 作为优选,所述电子罗盘芯片采用AK8973。 [0010] Advantageously, the electronic compass chip AK8973.

[0011] 作为优选,所述中央控制模块采用单片机。 [0011] Advantageously, the central control module SCM.

[0012] 作为优选,所述外壳的外侧设置有一层高透光率硅胶。 [0012] Advantageously, the outside of the housing is provided with a silicone layer high transmittance.

[0013] 本发明需要通过指纹识别系统进行指纹的识别,然后通过数据处理器内的信息辨识模块解析所述指纹识别系统发出控制指令并将其转化为数据指令,之后所述数据处理器根据所述数据指令发出对应的控制信号予开关控制电路,所述开关控制电路根据所述控制信号控制开关的启闭从而控制射频芯片与感应线圈之间信号的传输,如此,当射频卡丢失时,捡到者就无法使用,同时可以通过定位装置及时找到射频卡所在的位置。 [0013] The present invention requires fingerprint identification by fingerprint identification system, and then issue control commands by parsing the identification information of the fingerprint identification system module within the data processor and a data conversion instruction, the data processor in accordance with the following said data control signal corresponding to an instruction issued to the switching control circuit, the switch control circuit according to the opening and closing of the switch control signal to control the transmission of signals between the radio chip and the induction coil, so, when the radio card is lost, picking who will not be able to use, and can find the location where the radio card by positioning devices in a timely manner.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014]图1为本发明实施例一种基于远程控制的射频卡的整体模块连接图。 [0014] FIG. 1 embodiment of a connector module of FIG RF card based on the overall control of the remote embodiment of the present invention.

[0015] 图2为本发明实施例一种基于远程控制的射频卡中定位模块的结构示意图。 [0015] Fig 2 a schematic diagram of the structure of the card, a radio frequency remote control module based on the positioning of the embodiment of the present invention.

[0016] 图3为本发明一个具体实施方式中GPS模块与RFID芯片和电子罗盘芯片连接的示意图。 [0016] FIG. 3 schematically a GPS module in the RFID chip and the chip is connected to an electronic compass particular embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 为了使本发明的目的及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合实施例对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0017] In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0018] 如图1 -3所示,本发明实施例提供了一种基于远程控制的射频卡,包括一壳体I以及设于所述壳体I内部的一电子组件2,所述电子组件2包括一射频芯片25、感应线圈23、开关24、开关控制电路22、数据处理器21、定位模块25、指纹识别模块20以及电源模块27,所述开关24架设于所述射频芯片25与感应线圈23之间,用于连接信号的传输;所述开关控制电路22连接于所述开关24,用于控制所述开关24的启闭;所述数据处理器21分别连接于所述开关控制电路22以及所述指纹识别模块20 ;所述电源模块27通过电源线与所述定位模块25、数据处理器21、指纹识别模块20相连,所述壳体I外侧设有太阳能接收板28,所述太阳能接收板28通过电源线与所述电源模块27相连,所述定位模块25包括GPS芯片250、RFID芯片251和电子罗盘芯片252,所述GPS芯片250包括中央处理模块30,GPS输入信号 [0018] 1 -3, embodiments provide a 2, the electronic component-based RF remote control card, comprising a housing provided on said I and an electronic assembly inside the housing I of the present invention 2 includes an RF chip 25, the induction coil 23, switch 24, switch control circuit 22, a data processor 21, positioning module 25, a fingerprint identification module 20 and a power module 27, the RF switch 24 is erected on the sensor chip 25 and coil 23, for transmitting a connection signal; the switch control circuit 22 is connected to the switch 24 for controlling the opening and closing of the switch 24; the data processor 21 are connected to the switch control circuit the fingerprint identification module 22 and 20; the power module 27 via power line and the positioning module 25, 21, a fingerprint identification module connected to a data processor 20, the outer housing is provided with solar panels I 28, the solar panels 28 is connected through a power supply line and the power supply module 27, the positioning module 25 includes a GPS chip 250, the RFID chip 251 and the electronic compass chip 252, the chip 250 includes a GPS 30, GPS input signal from the central processing module 过噪音抑制模块31和增益放大模块32进入中央处理模块30,GPS输出信号经过无线信号发射模块33输出,所述RFID芯片251和电子罗盘芯片252与中央处理模块30相连,所述数据处理器21包括一信息辨识模块210,用于解析所述指纹识别模块所接收到的控制指令并将其转化为数据指令,所述数据处理器21根据接收到的所述数据指令发出对应的控制信号予所述开关控制电路22,所述开关控制电路22根据所述控制信号控制所述开关24的启闭。 Through the noise suppression gain amplifier module 31 and the module 32 into the central processing module 30, the GPS signal is output through an output module 33 transmit a radio signal, the RFID chip 251 and chip 252 is connected to an electronic compass 30 and the central processing module, the data processor 21 a recognition module 210 comprises information for controlling the fingerprint identification command analysis module and converting the received command data, the data processor 21 issues a corresponding control signal according to the instruction data received by the I said switching control circuit 22, the switch control circuit 22 of the opening and closing switch 24 in accordance with the control signal.

[0019] 所述开关为三极管,所述开关控制电路为三极管开关控制电路。 [0019] the switch is a transistor, the switch control circuit is a transistor switching control circuit.

[0020]所述 RFID 芯片251 采用RM9030。 The [0020] RFID chip 251 employed RM9030.

[0021] 所述电子罗盘芯片252采用AK8973。 The [0021] chip 252 using an electronic compass AK8973.

[0022] 所述中央控制模块30采用单片机。 [0022] The central control module 30 using SCM.

[0023] 所述外壳I的外侧设置有一层高透光率娃胶。 [0023] I said outer housing is provided with a layer of plastic baby high transmittance.

[0024] 所述电源模块27为锂电池。 The [0024] Power module 27 is a lithium battery.

[0025] 其中,本具体实施中指纹识别系统上设有指纹录入模块,一旦录入就无法更改。 [0025] wherein, in this particular embodiment is provided with the fingerprint input module fingerprint identification system, it can not be changed once entered.

[0026] 本具体实施需要通过指纹识别系统进行指纹的识别,然后通过数据处理器内的信息辨识模块解析所述指纹识别系统发出控制指令并将其转化为数据指令,之后所述数据处理器根据所述数据指令发出对应的控制信号予开关控制电路,所述开关控制电路根据所述控制信号控制开关的启闭从而控制射频芯片与感应线圈之间信号的传输,如此,当射频卡丢失时,捡到者就无法使用,同时GPS的输入信号首先经过噪音抑制模块过滤噪音,然后经过增益放大模块放大信号后输入中央处理模块。 [0026] DETAILED the present embodiment is required by fingerprint fingerprint identification system, the fingerprint identification system then parses the instruction issue control instructions and converts it into data by the recognition module information in the data processor, the data processor in accordance with the following the data corresponding to the instruction issue control signals to the switch control circuit, the switch control circuit according to the opening and closing of the switch control signal to control the transmission of signals between the radio chip and the induction coil, so, when the radio card is lost, It was picked up can not be used, while the GPS signal is input through the first noise filter module to suppress noise, and gain-amplifying module input signal amplified central processing module. 当暂时无法接受到GPS信号时,电子罗盘芯片将射频卡的移动轨迹输入中央处理模块,中央处理模块根据最后的定位信息推算出射频卡现在的大致位置,然后将此位置通过短信的形式发送至原本设定的手机号码。 When temporarily unable to receive GPS signals, the electronic compass chip card RF input trajectories central processing module, the central processing module based on the last location information of the current RF card calculate the approximate position, then this position of the form of text messages sent to originally set phone number. 这就避免了由于暂时无法接受GPS信号造成的定位盲区。 This avoids blind due to the positioning of the GPS signal is temporarily unable to accept the result. 本发明可以充电的锂电池,并配有太阳能电池板,可以实现在使用过程中的实时充电,外壳外侧的高透光率硅胶起到了缓冲震动的效果,保护了外壳内的电路芯片。 The present invention may be a rechargeable lithium battery, and is equipped with solar panels, the charging can be implemented in real time during use, the outside of the high transmittance effect played silica shell shock buffer to protect the circuit chip within the housing.

[0027] 以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以作出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。 [0027] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art who, without departing from the principles of the present invention, further improvements and modifications may be made, such modifications and modifications should be the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1.一种基于远程控制的射频卡,包括一壳体以及设于所述壳体内部的一电子组件,所述电子组件包括一射频芯片、感应线圈、开关、开关控制电路、数据处理器、定位模块、指纹识别模块以及电源模块,其特征在于,所述开关架设于所述射频芯片与感应线圈之间,用于连接信号的传输;所述开关控制电路连接于所述开关,用于控制所述开关的启闭;所述数据处理器分别连接于所述开关控制电路以及所述指纹识别模块;所述电源模块通过电源线与所述定位模块、数据处理器、指纹识别模块、相连,所述壳体外侧设有太阳能接收板,所述太阳能接收板通过电源线与所述电源模块相连,所述定位模块包括GPS芯片、RFID芯片和电子罗盘芯片,所述GPS芯片包括中央处理模块,GPS输入信号经过噪音抑制模块和增益放大模块进入中央处理模块,GPS输出信号经过无线 A radio frequency based remote control card, comprising a housing and an electronic component disposed in the interior of the housing, the electronic component comprises an RF chip, an induction coil, switches, switch control circuit, a data processor, positioning module, a fingerprint identification module and a power module, wherein the switch is bridged between the induction coil and the radio frequency chip, for transmitting a connection signal; the switch control circuit connected to said switch, for controlling opening and closing of the switch; the data processor is connected to the switch control circuit and the fingerprint identification module; power line by the power module and the location module, a data processor, a fingerprint identification module, connected, the outer case is provided with solar panels, the solar panels is connected to the power line by the power module, the positioning module comprises a GPS chip, the RFID chip and the electronic compass chip, said GPS chip including a central processing module, GPS signal is input through the noise suppression gain amplifier modules and the central processing module enter the module, GPS signals via a wireless output 号发射模块输出,所述RFID芯片和电子罗盘芯片与中央处理模块相连,所述数据处理器包括一信息辨识模块,用于解析所述指纹识别模块所接收到的控制指令并将其转化为数据指令,所述数据处理器根据接收到的所述数据指令发出对应的控制信号予所述开关控制电路,所述开关控制电路根据所述控制信号控制所述开关的启闭。 No. emission output module, connected to the RFID chip and the chip electronic compass with the central processing module, the data processor includes an information recognition module, for controlling said instruction parsing the received fingerprint identification module and converts it into data command, the data processor issues a corresponding control signal according to the instruction received data to the switch control circuit, said control circuit turning on and off according to the control signal of the switch.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于远程控制的射频卡,其特征在于,所述开关为三极管,所述开关控制电路为三极管开关控制电路。 According to one of the claims 1 based on the RF card of the remote control, wherein the switch is a transistor, the switch control circuit is a transistor switching control circuit.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于远程控制的射频卡,其特征在于,所述RFID芯片采用RM9030。 3. The radio frequency based remote control card, wherein according to one of claim 1, wherein the RFID chip RM9030.
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于远程控制的射频卡,其特征在于,所述电子罗盘芯片采用AK8973。 According to one of the claims 1 based on the RF card of the remote control, wherein the electronic compass chip AK8973.
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于远程控制的射频卡,其特征在于,所述中央控制模块采用单片机。 According to one of the claim 1, radio frequency based remote control card, wherein said central control module SCM.
6.根据权利要求1所述的一种基于远程控制的射频卡,其特征在于,所述外壳的外侧设置有一层高透光率硅胶。 According to one of the claims 1 based on the RF card of the remote control, characterized in that the outer side of the housing is provided with a silicone layer high transmittance.
CN201410675656.3A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Radio frequency card based on remote control CN104361372A (en)

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CN105184357A (en) * 2015-10-09 2015-12-23 陈伟强 Social security composite card
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