CN104294522B - Automatic washing machine and its clothes washing method with roller - Google Patents

Automatic washing machine and its clothes washing method with roller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104294522B
CN104294522B CN201310298786.5A CN201310298786A CN104294522B CN 104294522 B CN104294522 B CN 104294522B CN 201310298786 A CN201310298786 A CN 201310298786A CN 104294522 B CN104294522 B CN 104294522B
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China
Prior art keywords
roller
gear
impeller
washing machine
axis
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CN201310298786.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104294522A (en
Inventor
吕佩师
田云
李峰
葛林
赵新宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310298786.5A priority Critical patent/CN104294522B/en
Publication of CN104294522A publication Critical patent/CN104294522A/en
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F17/00Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid
    • D06F17/06Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid by rotary impellers
    • D06F17/08Driving arrangements for the impeller
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F17/00Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid
    • D06F17/06Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid by rotary impellers
    • D06F17/10Impellers

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of automatic washing machine and its clothes washing method with roller.Automatic washing machine with roller, including outer barrel, installation interior bucket within said tub, retarder, the impeller mounted in the bottom of the barrel and multiple rollers for being distributed on the impeller, the retarder drives the impeller rotation, and the roller follows the impeller to be rotated when rotating by axis of the mechanical transmission mechanism around the roller itself.By setting roller on impeller, while roller follows the impeller to rotate, rotation is realized by mechanical transmission mechanism, the power of retarder is indirectly transmitted to roller by mechanical transmission mechanism, so as to make have in washing machine around impeller axis flowing water stream, while have around each roller axis flowing water stream, clothing is enable to roll up and down in washing machine, various dimensions washing is carried out so as to fulfill to clothing, washing is more uniform, improves and cleans effect and efficiency.

Description

Automatic washing machine and its clothes washing method with roller
Technical field
The present invention relates to laundry facilities more particularly to a kind of automatic washing machines and its clothes washing method with roller.
Background technology
Washing machine is common household electrical appliance in people's daily life, and installation laundry mode is different, is divided into roller washing machine And rotary drum washing machine.Impeller is provided in existing rotary drum washing machine washing tub, the continuous rotating of impeller, wave are driven by retarder Muscle leaf agitation inner bucket water stream impact clothing on wheel, it is clean to achieve the purpose that.But the flow that traditional impeller generates can only be around wave Wheel axis single dimension is washed, it is difficult to reach clothing overturning washing, the problems such as washing is uneven occurs, and be set on impeller at present There is the washing machine of rotatable roller, since roller can only carry out rotation, the sense of rotation of roller under the action of inner bucket water stream Disorderly and unsystematic, roller acts on less the washing effect of clothing, causes clean effect poor.
Invention content
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are:A kind of automatic washing machine and its clothes washing method with roller are provided, It solves rotary drum washing machine in the prior art and cleans the defects of effect is poor, improve and clean effect and efficiency.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a kind of automatic washing machine with roller, including outer barrel, mounted on described Interior bucket, retarder in outer barrel, the impeller mounted in the bottom of the barrel and multiple rollers for being distributed on the impeller, it is described Retarder drives impeller rotation, when the roller follows the impeller to rotate by mechanical transmission mechanism around the roller from The axis rotation of body.
Further, the mechanical transmission mechanism includes first gear structure and second gear structure, and the roller includes Wheel body and rolling axle, the end set of the rolling axle have the first gear structure, are equipped with and described first in the interior bucket The second gear structure that gear structure is meshed.
Further, the first gear structure axis horizontal setting, the axis of the second gear structure with it is described The axis of first gear structure is vertical;The first gear structure around the second gear structure axis in second tooth When moving in a circle on the gear teeth of wheel construction, the wheel body and the rolling axle rotate together.
Further, the second gear structure is fixed in the interior bucket.
Further, the second gear structure is fixed on the speed reducer housing.
Further, the second gear structure is rotatably coupled on the output shaft of the retarder.
Further, the first gear structure and the second gear structure are bevel gear;Alternatively, the first gear Structure is gear, and the second gear structure is gear ring.
Further, the impeller back side has been disposed radially roller shaft mounting hole, and the rolling axle is mounted on the roller It takes turns in shaft mounting hole.
Further, mounting hole is offered on the impeller, the wheel body is located in the mounting hole, the wheel body and institute The distance between installation bore edges are stated as 0.1mm-2mm, the side of the mounting hole along to tilt structure upward.
The present invention also provides a kind of clothes washing method of the automatic washing machine with roller, using above-mentioned with the full-automatic of roller Washing machine, clothes washing method are:For impeller in rotation process, roller follows impeller to be rotated, while the first tooth around the axis of impeller Wheel construction and second gear structure engagement rotation, first gear structure drive roller to be rotated around its own axis.
Automatic washing machine provided by the invention with roller, by setting roller on impeller, roller follows impeller to revolve While turning, rotation is realized by mechanical transmission mechanism, the power of retarder is indirectly transmitted to roller by mechanical transmission mechanism, from And make to have around impeller axis flowing water stream in washing machine, while have around each roller axis flowing water stream, make Clothing can up and down roll in washing machine, carry out various dimensions washing so as to fulfill to clothing, washing is more uniform, improves and cleans Effect and efficiency.Roller carries out regular dynamic rotation by mechanical Chuan Gong mechanisms, without that by water currents, can generate Around the flow of the axial flow of roller, clothing is washed so as to more purposive.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the automatic washing machine embodiment of the invention with roller;
Fig. 2 is the partial sectional view of the automatic washing machine embodiment of the invention with roller;
Fig. 3 is the partial structural diagram of the automatic washing machine embodiment of the invention with roller;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of the automatic washing machine embodiment of the invention with roller;
Fig. 5 is the structure principle chart of the automatic washing machine embodiment of the invention with roller.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further details with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
As Figure 1-Figure 5, automatic washing machine of the present embodiment with roller, outer barrel, subtract the interior bucket in outer barrel Fast device 3, the impeller 1 mounted in bottom of the barrel and multiple rollers 2 for being distributed on impeller 1;Retarder driving impeller 1 rotates, roller Wheel 2 passes through mechanical transmission mechanism while impeller 1 is followed to rotate(It is not shown)Axis around roller 2 itself rotates.
Specifically, automatic washing machine of the present embodiment with roller includes casing, outer barrel, interior bucket, motor, retarder 3 It is sequentially connected with components, motors such as electric-controlled plates with retarder 3, impeller 1 can be directly anchored on the output shaft 30 of retarder 3. Rotary roller 2 is provided on impeller 1 in automatic washing machine of the present embodiment with roller, motor passes through retarder 3 While driving the rotation of impeller 1, roller 2 follows impeller 1 to rotate, and by mechanical transmission mechanism indirectly by retarder 3 The power that output shaft 30 exports passes to roller 2, realizes 2 autobiography of roller.Specifically, mechanical transmission mechanism includes first gear knot Structure 41 and second gear structure 42, roller 2 include wheel body 21 and rolling axle 22, and wheel body 21 can be integral knot with rolling axle 22 For structure alternatively, wheel body 21 can be connect by key with rolling axle 22, rolling axle 22 is provided with first gear structure 41, is equipped in interior bucket The second gear structure 42 being meshed with first gear structure 41, impeller 1 impart power to roller 2 while rotation and rotate. During motor drives the rotation of impeller 1 by retarder 3, first gear structure 41 can be produced relative to second gear structure 42 Raw relative motion, so as to which under the action of the first gear structure 41 and second gear structure 42 meshed together, power be passed It passs roller 2 to rotate, realizes that power also is transmitted to roller 2 while retarder 3 drives impeller 1 to rotate is rotated with drive roller wheel 2. In washing process, the rotation of impeller 1 forms the flow around its axial flow, and the power that roller 2 is transmitted by mechanical transmission mechanism Its rotation is driven to be formed around its axial flow flow, so as to which the clothing in washing machine be enable to be rotated around 1 axis of impeller Meanwhile will also up and down roll around the axis of roller 2, carry out various dimensions washing so as to fulfill to clothing, it is ensured that washing is more equal It is even, it improves and cleans effect and efficiency.Preferably, the axis horizontal setting of first gear structure 41, the axis of second gear structure 42 Line is vertical with the axis of first gear structure 41;First gear structure 41 around second gear structure 42 axis in second gear When moving in a circle on the gear teeth of structure 42, roller 2 is rotated around its own axis, and the roller 2 in the present embodiment can be in machinery The effect of transmission mechanism, is rotated with specific rotating speed and rotation direction, and one side roller 2 follows the level side in interior bucket of impeller 1 To rotation, another aspect roller 2 can rotate again around the axis of its own, and roller 2 rotation of itself will not water in by interior bucket The influence of stream, and the flow of the axial flow around roller 2 can be generated, clothing is washed so as to more purposive.
Wherein, bevel gear may be used in first gear structure 41 and second gear structure 42;Alternatively, first gear structure 41 Gear is used, and second gear structure 42 uses gear ring.Such as:First gear structure 41 can be fixed on the close wave of rolling axle On the end for taking turns 1 center, bevel gear may be used in first gear structure 41 and second gear structure 42, alternatively, first gear knot Structure 41 uses gear, and second gear structure 42 uses gear ring.Likewise, first gear structure 41 can be fixed on rolling axle On end far from 1 center of impeller, at this point, first gear structure 41 uses gear, and second gear structure 42 uses gear ring.Its In, the axis of second gear structure 42 is overlapped with the axis of impeller 1.
In addition, the fixed installation mode of second gear structure 42 can there are many forms, it is specific as follows:
Embodiment one
Based on above-mentioned technical proposal, the second gear structure 42 in the present embodiment is fixed in interior bucket.Specifically, the second tooth Wheel construction 42 is directly anchored in the interior bucket of washing machine, such as:Second gear structure 42 can be fixed on the flange of interior bucket, Retarder 3 is driven in 1 rotation process of impeller, and second gear structure 42 is fixed on motionless in interior bucket, impeller 1 and second gear structure 42 occur relative motion, realize and generate relative motion by second gear structure 42 and the engagement of first gear structure 41, will export The power that axis 30 exports is transmitted to roller 2 indirectly.
Embodiment two
Based on above-mentioned technical proposal, second gear structure 42 is fixed on 3 shell of retarder.Specifically, second gear knot Structure 42 is directly anchored on 3 shell of retarder of interior bucket subjacent, and the gear part of second gear structure 42 is positioned at interior In bucket, such as:Second gear structure 42 can be fixed on the shell of retarder 3 to pass through the ring flange of interior bucket, and retarder 3 drives In 1 rotation process of impeller, second gear structure 42 is fixed on motionless on retarder 3, impeller 1 and the generation phase of second gear structure 42 To movement, realize and relative motion is generated by second gear structure 42 and the engagement of first gear structure 41, output shaft 30 is exported Power be transmitted to roller 2 indirectly.
Embodiment three
Based on above-mentioned technical proposal, second gear structure 42 is rotatably coupled to retarder 3 by bearing or axle sleeve On output shaft 30.Specifically, second gear structure 42 can be rotated around output shaft 30, retarder 3 drives 1 rotation process of impeller In, there is speed discrepancy, with second gear structure 42 relative motion occurs for impeller 1, realizes between impeller 1 and second gear structure 42 Relative motion is generated by second gear structure 42 and the engagement of first gear structure 41, the power that output shaft 30 is exported passes indirectly To roller 2.
Further, and in order to avoid clothing clip is between wheel body 21 and impeller 1, mounting hole 11 is offered on impeller 1, is taken turns Body 21 is located in mounting hole 11, the distance between wheel body 21 and 11 edge of mounting hole be 0.1mm-2mm, by set suitably away from From, it can be ensured that while wheel body 21 is freely rotated, clothing is avoided to be jammed, it is preferred that the side of mounting hole 11 is along for upward Structure 110 is tilted, structure 110 is tilted and the surface of impeller 1 forms arcwall face, clothing can be guided to move and keep away along arcwall face Exempt to be jammed.Preferably, there is the phenomenon that clamping clothing due to roller 2 rotates to more effectively reduce, wheel body 21 is axial to be set Multiple through-holes 210 are equipped with, are radially provided with multiple permeable holes 211 connected with through-hole 210.Roller 2 follows impeller 1 to turn together Dynamic, in rotation process, water is punched into through-hole 210 and is sprayed outward from permeable hole 211, so as to which clothing be avoided to be wrapped in roller 2 On.In addition, roller 2 is assembled on impeller 1 for convenience, 1 back side of impeller has been disposed radially roller shaft mounting hole 12, roller Wheel shaft 22 is mounted in roller shaft mounting hole 12.
The present invention also provides a kind of clothes washing method of the automatic washing machine with roller, using above-mentioned with the full-automatic of roller Washing machine, wherein, the axis horizontal setting of the first gear structure 41 in washing machine, the axis of second gear structure 42 and first The axis of gear structure 41 is vertical;First gear structure 41 centered on the axis of second gear structure 42 axis in second gear knot When moving in a circle on the gear teeth of structure 42, first gear structure 41 is rotated around its own axis.Clothes washing method is:Impeller is rotating In the process, roller 2 follows impeller 1 to be rotated, while first gear structure 41 is nibbled with second gear structure 42 around the axis of impeller 1 Rotation is closed, first gear structure 41 drives roller 2 to be rotated around its own axis.
Automatic washing machine of the present embodiment with roller, by setting roller on impeller, roller follows what impeller rotated Meanwhile rotation is realized by mechanical transmission mechanism, the power of retarder is indirectly transmitted to roller by mechanical transmission mechanism, so as to make Have in washing machine around impeller axis flowing water stream, while have around each roller axis flowing water stream, make clothing It can up and down roll in washing machine, carry out various dimensions washing so as to fulfill to clothing, washing is more uniform, improves and cleans effect And efficiency.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although The present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that:It still may be used To modify to the technical solution recorded in foregoing embodiments or carry out equivalent replacement to which part technical characteristic; And these modification or replace, various embodiments of the present invention technical solution that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution spirit and Range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of automatic washing machine with roller, including outer barrel, installation interior bucket within said tub, retarder, mounted in institute The impeller of bottom of the barrel and the multiple rollers being distributed on the impeller are stated, the retarder drives the impeller rotation, It is characterized in that, the roller follows the impeller to be rotated when rotating by axis of the mechanical transmission mechanism around the roller itself; The roller is axially provided with multiple through-holes, and the radial direction of the roller is provided with multiple permeable holes connected with the through-hole; In washing process, the impeller rotates the flow to be formed around its axial flow, and what the roller was transmitted by mechanical transmission mechanism Its rotation of power drive is formed around its axial flow flow, the clothing so as to enable rotated around the impeller axis it is same When, will also up and down it roll around the axis of the roller.
2. the automatic washing machine according to claim 1 with roller, which is characterized in that the mechanical transmission mechanism includes First gear structure and second gear structure, the roller include wheel body and rolling axle, and the end set of the rolling axle is First gear structure is stated, the second gear structure being meshed with the first gear structure is equipped in the interior bucket.
3. the automatic washing machine according to claim 2 with roller, which is characterized in that the axis of the first gear structure Line is horizontally disposed with, and the axis of the second gear structure is vertical with the axis of the first gear structure;The first gear knot Structure around the second gear structure axis when moving in a circle on the gear teeth of the second gear structure, the wheel body and The rolling axle rotates together.
4. the automatic washing machine according to claim 2 with roller, which is characterized in that the second gear structure is fixed In the interior bucket.
5. the automatic washing machine according to claim 2 with roller, which is characterized in that the second gear structure is fixed On the speed reducer housing.
6. the automatic washing machine according to claim 2 with roller, which is characterized in that the second gear structure passes through Bearing or axle sleeve are rotatably coupled on the output shaft of the retarder.
7. the automatic washing machine according to claim 2 with roller, which is characterized in that the first gear structure and institute Second gear structure is stated as bevel gear;Alternatively, the first gear structure is gear, the second gear structure is gear ring.
8. the automatic washing machine according to claim 2 with roller, which is characterized in that installation is offered on the impeller Hole, the wheel body are located in the mounting hole, and the distance between the wheel body and the installation bore edges are 0.1mm-2mm, institute The side of mounting hole is stated along to tilt structure upward.
9. the automatic washing machine according to claim 8 with roller, which is characterized in that the impeller back side is radially set Roller shaft mounting hole is equipped with, the rolling axle is mounted in the roller shaft mounting hole.
A kind of 10. clothes washing method of the automatic washing machine with roller described in claim 3, which is characterized in that clothes washing method For:For impeller in rotation process, roller follows impeller to be rotated, while first gear structure and second gear around the axis of impeller Structure engagement rotation, first gear structure drive roller to be rotated around its own axis.
CN201310298786.5A 2013-07-17 2013-07-17 Automatic washing machine and its clothes washing method with roller Active CN104294522B (en)

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CN201310298786.5A CN104294522B (en) 2013-07-17 2013-07-17 Automatic washing machine and its clothes washing method with roller

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310298786.5A CN104294522B (en) 2013-07-17 2013-07-17 Automatic washing machine and its clothes washing method with roller

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CN104294522B true CN104294522B (en) 2018-07-06

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CN108411554B (en) * 2018-02-26 2020-07-28 郝影 Horizontal washing machine

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CN102965876A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-03-13 海尔集团公司 Low-twisting low-abrasion impeller and washing machine adopting same

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Effective date of registration: 20160613

Address after: 266101 Haier Industrial Park, Haier Road, Laoshan District, Shandong, Qingdao, China

Applicant after: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.

Address before: 266101 Haier Industrial Park, No. 1, Haier Road, hi tech park, Laoshan District, Shandong, China

Applicant before: haier group corporation

Applicant before: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.

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