CN104251033A - Self-thermal insulation system of complete externally-covered bricked wall - Google Patents

Self-thermal insulation system of complete externally-covered bricked wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104251033A
CN104251033A CN201410491259.0A CN201410491259A CN104251033A CN 104251033 A CN104251033 A CN 104251033A CN 201410491259 A CN201410491259 A CN 201410491259A CN 104251033 A CN104251033 A CN 104251033A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wall
heat insulation
composite heat
block
body
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CN201410491259.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢向荣
谢怀宇
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绿建科技集团新型建材高技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201410491259.0A priority Critical patent/CN104251033A/en
Publication of CN104251033A publication Critical patent/CN104251033A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/20Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation in buildings, dwellings or related infrastructures
    • Y02A30/259Passive climatisation
    • Y02A30/261Passive climatisation by improving the thermodynamic properties of the premises or facilities
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology
    • Y02B30/94Improving the thermodynamic properties of the premises or facilities

Abstract

The invention discloses a self-thermal insulation system of a complete externally-covered bricked wall. The system is characterized in that compound insulation building blocks 1 are used for building a compound insulation building block wall 4; the compound insulation building block wall 4 is adhered to to the outer side surfaces of a column 2 and a beam 5, adhered to the outer side surfaces of a shear wall 3 and the beam 5, or adhered to the outer side surfaces of the column 2, the shear wall 3 and the beam 5; a lintel 6 is cast in situ at the upper end of a window; an insulating layer is formed on the outer side of the lintel 6; the compound insulation building blocks 1 are built on the lintel 6; auxiliary bricks are obliquely built in a hole between the compound insulation building block wall 4 and a slab, so as to form an obliquely built wall 7; a groove is formed between the outer side surfaces of the obliquely built wall 7 and the slab and end surfaces of upper and lower walls; an insulating layer is formed in the groove. The system has outstanding advantages of good energy-saving effect, high convenience in construction, fire protection, crack resistance, water resistance and permeability resistance and the like, and the popularization and application of the system have good economic benefit and social benefit.

Description

Full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system

Technical field

The present invention relates to industry and civilian self-heat conserving building energy conservation body of wall, be specifically related to a kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system.

Background technology

Wall self-insulation system refers to according to certain architectural construction, adopts energy-saving materials for wall and supporting dedicated mortar to make the physical performance indexs such as thermal characteristic of wall meet the construction wall thermal insulation system of respective standard.This technical system has that operation is simple, easy construction, security performance are good, be convenient to maintenance and renovation and can with building with features such as life-spans, apply this technical system and not only can reduce building energy conservation incremental cost, and raising Energy Conservation Project in Construction quality is of great practical significance.

At present, there is following outstanding problem in domestic and international wall thermal insulation technology and heat insulating material: first, there is fire savety difference.Secondly, because of the quality of material and the quality of construction, there is cracking, hollowing, the phenomenon that comes off all in various degree, its three, poor durability, application life is generally no more than Two decades years, its four, water absorption rate is high, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage.

The present invention adopts composite heat insulation block to build self heat insulation wall by laying bricks or stones, composite heat insulation block in the present invention is for housing with high performance concrete building-block, filling light thermal insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Masonry panel is carried out with it, can overcome that current most of heat-preserving wall fireproof performance is poor, poor durability, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage, the critical defects such as body of wall is easy to crack, especially during light filling inorganic heat insulation material, then do not fire completely in the vestibule of concrete hollow block.

The document of some self heat insulation walls is had in Chinese patent literature, but lack the document of wall self-insulation system, these patent documents can be divided three classes, first kind situation comprises patent " self heat insulation wall of a kind of heat insulation building block and formation thereof " (application number 201310186123.4), patent " Z-shaped energy-saving building block Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall process " (patent No. 200910072070.7), patent " a kind of high energy saving self heat insulation wall " (application number 201310529056.1), patent " a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective anti-seismic fire-protection self-heat-preservatiwall wall " (application number 201310483727.5) etc.

In patent " self heat insulation wall of a kind of heat insulation building block and formation thereof " (application number 201310186123.4), its technical scheme is: a kind of heat insulation building block, described building block comprises block body, described block body is made up of foam cement, described building block upper surface arranges horizontal groove, and described block interiors arranges vertical through holes; One or more of filling in described horizontal groove in concrete slurry, cement mortar, clay or insulation clay form stem stem, and in described vertical through holes, filling concrete slurry or cement mortar form stem stem, and described stem stem and described block body combine together.Self heat insulation wall is made up of described heat insulation building block.The heat insulation building block of this invention and self heat insulation wall have insulation, fireproof function, have weight-bearing function simultaneously.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " Z-shaped energy-saving building block Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall process " (patent No. 200910072070.7), its technical scheme is: same skin brick block is just built, horizontal, longitudinal lock-bit is realized with positioning boss 2, longitudinal register boss 3, naturally ensure that wall inclination thickness and surface of wall planeness are also formed perpendicular to the wide combined stationary air layer 12 of the 9-10mm on ground, realize the effect that seam heat bridge is vertically built in further blocking-up by laying bricks or stones.Between two skin bricks, level builds the wide thickness of filling in the wide groove 4 of 28-30mm in seam cavity by laying bricks or stones is 15mm broken-bridge heat preservation board 10, and in order to close rectangular groove still air layer 11, combined stationary air layer 12, and level of cutting off builds seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones; Control cracking resistance masonry mortar 13 with its exposed height 10mm and be coated with paving thickness and uniformity.Z-shaped energy-saving building block 1 dislocation of building upper and lower skin brick during Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall by laying bricks or stones is built by laying bricks or stones, is formed to cut off and vertically builds seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones.The structure of this invention, can meet all kinds of area energy-conservation 50% and higher standard requirement under Rational Thickness and needs do not do the inside and outside insulation layer of body of wall.Build by laying bricks or stones simple simultaneously, formed with blocks shape and effectively ensure thickness of wall body and degree of plainness for wall surface.The still air layer thermal-insulation function that 10-12mm is wide and strengthen heat insulation effect.(28-30mm is wide for warming plate between two skin bricks, 15mm is thick) level can be cut off, vertically build the effect of seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones, there are good crack resistance, weatherability, stability, and reasonable with life-span and cost performance with building body, greatly shorten the economic technology features such as walling work construction period.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " a kind of high energy saving self heat insulation wall " (application number 201310529056.1), its technical scheme is: (1) self-heat conserving wall body block profile is T-shaped; (2) self-heat conserving right-angle wall corner block profile is in flower shape and scissor two kinds; (3) self-heat conserving T-shaped corner block profile is T heading tape bar shape and T tail band bar shape two kinds; (4) during masonry wall body, one piece in any adjacent two pieces of self-heat conserving wall bodies building block of left and right be made T-shapedly to put, another block is then put in inverted T-shaped; When building right-angle wall corner by laying bricks or stones, flower shape and this two kinds of self-heat conserving right-angle wall corners building block of scissor will alternately be put; When building T-shaped corner by laying bricks or stones, T heading tape bar shape and these two kinds of self-heat conserving T-shaped wall corner building blocks of T tail band bar shape will alternately be put.The good effect of this application is the energy saving significantly improving self heat insulation wall.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective anti-seismic fire-protection self-heat-preservatiwall wall " (application number 201310483727.5), its technical scheme is: this body of wall is that the building block of concavo-convex linear pattern wall body, the building block of concavo-convex perpendicular type right-angle wall corner, concave-convex type T-shaped wall corner building block and the inorganic heat preservation masonry mortar made with powder ash air-entrained concrete material is built by laying bricks or stones, and its principal character is: (1) all building blocks have plush copper and groove; (2) plush copper of all building blocks is all inserted within the groove of same skin adjacent block.The good effect of this application is the anti-seismic performance and the energy saving that significantly improve body of wall, and environmental-protection fireproof is functional.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

Equations of The Second Kind situation comprises patent " a kind of permanent cast-in-place concrete composite heat preservation moulding board " (patent No. ZL201020137822.1), patent " a kind of permanent composite heat-insulating template for cast-in-place concrete with insulation transition zone " (patent No. ZL201020221014.3), patent " a kind of permanent external framework on-site concrete compound insulation wall structure " (patent No. ZL200920240787.3) etc.

In patent " a kind of permanent cast-in-place concrete composite heat preservation moulding board " (patent No. ZL201020137822.1), its technical scheme is: polyphenyl plate (1) arranged outside is reinforcing rib (2) in length and breadth, smear cement based slurry (3) respectively in the inside and outside both sides of polyphenyl plate (1), and paste reinforcing material (4).The advantage of this utility model is: high-strength compound heat insulation formwork have lightweight, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.With its as the concrete heat-insulation wall that permanent exterior sheathing is cast-in-place, there is easy construction, reduce template consumption, construction costs is low, thermal property good, without security-hidden trouble, can realize insulation construction and building with advantages such as life-spans.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, such body of wall is using polyphenyl plate as organic insulation material, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely causes the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharges dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

In patent " a kind of permanent composite heat-insulating template for cast-in-place concrete with insulation transition zone " (patent No. ZL201020221014.3), its technical scheme is: arrange inner adhesion enhancement Layer (1) by polyphenyl plate (2) inner side, polyphenyl plate (2) outside tick slot arranges reinforcing rib (3), bonding enhancement Layer (4) is set outside reinforcing rib (3), outside bonding enhancement Layer (4), insulation transition zone (5) is set, outside insulation transition zone (5), outboard bonds enhancement Layer (6) is set; By the warming plate formed above, some goat's horn anchor bolts parts (7) are set.The feature of this utility model is: high-strength compound heat insulation formwork has that quality is light, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, such body of wall is using polyphenyl plate as organic insulation material, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely causes the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharges dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

In patent " a kind of permanent external framework on-site concrete compound insulation wall structure " (patent No. ZL200920240787.3), its technical scheme is: the permanent exterior sheathing being made in-situ concrete wall and beam, post by high-strength compound warming plate (5), and high-strength compound warming plate (5) and cast-in-situ concrete (7) is linked together securely by connection fixture (6).The advantage of this utility model is: high-strength compound warming plate have lightweight, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.As the concrete heat-insulation wall structure that permanent exterior sheathing is cast-in-place with it there is easy construction, reduce the advantages such as template consumption.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, when such body of wall makes warming plate with organic materials such as polyphenyl plate, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely cause the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharge dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

3rd class situation is patent " Self-heat-insulation " (patent No. 200920035939.6), its technical scheme is, the hot and cold abutment bluk recombination of concrete of masonry and concrete composite insulation boards heat-insulation and heat-preservation that this body of wall comprises heat-insulation and heat-preservation is formed; The concrete hot and cold abutment body of concrete composite insulation boards heat-insulation and heat-preservation comprises the hot and cold abutment body of concrete, and the hot and cold abutment of concrete is external is compounded with concrete composite insulation boards; The sandwich thermal insulated masonry of masonry right and wrong of heat-insulation and heat-preservation and the complex of sandwich thermal insulated masonry, wherein non-sandwich thermal insulated masonry is the masonry of insulating brick header, sandwich thermal insulated masonry is the masonry of brick facing bond, and sandwich thermal insulated masonry is divided into left and right two leaves, is filled with warming plate between the leaf of left and right two.This utility model is rational in infrastructure, good working effect.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: overcome that current most of heat-preserving wall fireproof performance is poor, poor durability, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage, the critical defects such as body of wall is easy to crack, these key positions of lintel simultaneously on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window carry out INSULATION DESIGN, they build a complete wall self-insulation system respectively together with the self heat insulation wall between post with post, the self heat insulation wall between post with shear wall, the self heat insulation wall between shear wall with shear wall, improve Energy Conservation Project in Construction quality.

Summary of the invention

For the problems referred to above, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:

Scheme 1

A kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block 1, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to the lateral surface of post 2 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built composite heat insulation block 1 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall 7, form a groove between the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, do insulation layer 8 at groove.

In the technical program, described post 2 is the vertical member in building with supporting role.Such as, the hetermorphiscal column in the frame column in the frame column in frame construction or constructional column, frame-shear-wall structure or constructional column, Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns, the constructional column etc. in brick mix structure.

Described beam 5 is the supporting member of horizontal direction in building.Such as, Vierendeel girder, collar tie beam, secondary beam etc.

Described composite heat insulation block 1 is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.

Described companion's brick is solid brick, such as solid clay brick, solid shale brick, solid colliery wastes brick, solid fly ash brick, solid sand lime brick, solid gypsum brick and solid cinder brick etc.

Scheme 2

A kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block 1, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to the lateral surface of shear wall 3 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built composite heat insulation block 1 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall 7, form a groove between the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, do insulation layer 8 at groove.

In the technical program, described beam 5 is the supporting member of horizontal direction in building.Such as, Vierendeel girder, collar tie beam, secondary beam etc.

Described composite heat insulation block 1 is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.

Described companion's brick is solid brick, such as solid clay brick, solid shale brick, solid colliery wastes brick, solid fly ash brick, solid sand lime brick, solid gypsum brick and solid cinder brick etc.

Scheme 3

A kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block 1, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to post 2, the lateral surface of shear wall 3 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built composite heat insulation block 1 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall 7, the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer 8 is done at groove.

In the technical program, described post 2 is the vertical member in building with supporting role.Such as, the hetermorphiscal column in the frame column in the frame column in frame construction or constructional column, frame-shear-wall structure or constructional column, Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns, the constructional column etc. in brick mix structure.

Described beam 5 is the supporting member of horizontal direction in building.Such as, Vierendeel girder, collar tie beam, secondary beam etc.

Described composite heat insulation block 1 is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.

Described companion's brick is solid brick, such as solid clay brick, solid shale brick, solid colliery wastes brick, solid fly ash brick, solid sand lime brick, solid gypsum brick and solid cinder brick etc.

Technique effect of the present invention is: construct a complete wall self-insulation system, this wall self-insulation system has good energy-conserving effect, easy construction, fire prevention, cracking resistance, the outstanding advantages such as water proof anti-seepage.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation architecture stereogram in embodiment 1

Fig. 2 is the full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system implementation example structural perspective in embodiment 1

Fig. 3 is the full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation architecture stereogram in embodiment 2

Fig. 4 is the full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system implementation example structural perspective in embodiment 2

Fig. 5 is the full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation architecture stereogram in embodiment 3

Fig. 6 is the full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system implementation example structural perspective in embodiment 3

Fig. 7 is single chamber H core composite heat insulation block

Fig. 8 is double-cavity compound heat insulation building block

Fig. 9 is guarantor's double-cavity compound heat insulation building block

Figure 10 is single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block

Figure 11 is two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block

In figure, 1, composite heat insulation block, 2, post, 3, shear wall, 4, composite heat insulation block body of wall, 5, beam, 6, lintel, 7, skew brick body of wall, 8, insulation layer.9, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block, 10, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell, 11, heat insulating material, 12, groove, 14, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell.

Detailed description of the invention

Scope of the present invention is not limited to this, and its claimed scope is recorded in each claim of claim.

Embodiment 1

As shown in Figure 1, a kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block 1, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to the lateral surface of post 2 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built composite heat insulation block 1 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall 7, the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer 8 is done at groove.

In the technical program, composite heat insulation block 1 is single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, or double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, or one protects double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, or single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block, or two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block etc.As shown in Figure 7, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9 is made up of single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell 10 and the heat insulating material 11 be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove 12 extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 8, double-cavity compound heat insulation building block is made up of double-cavity compound heat insulation building block concrete shell and the heat insulating material be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 9, one protect double-cavity compound heat insulation building block by one protecting double-cavity compound heat insulation building block concrete shell, be filled in concrete shell and form compared with the heat insulating material in vast sky chamber and other two less cavitys, there is the groove extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 10, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block is made up of single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell 14 and the heat insulating material 11 be filled in concrete shell cavity.As shown in figure 11, two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block by two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block concrete shell and the heat insulating material be filled in concrete shell cavity form.

Embodiment

In the present embodiment, composite heat insulation block adopts single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, as shown in Figure 2, a kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to the lateral surface of post 2 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form skew brick body of wall 7, the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer 8 is done at groove.

Composite heat insulation block in the present embodiment is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, light filling inorganic heat insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, and the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Wherein, light inorganic heat preserving material is ordinary Portland cement thermal insulation foaming body, or ordinary Portland cement and coal ash heat-preservation foaming body, or ardealite thermal insulation foaming body etc.

Embodiment 2

As shown in Figure 3, a kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block 1, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to the lateral surface of shear wall 3 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built composite heat insulation block 1 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall 7, the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer 8 is done at groove.

In the technical program, composite heat insulation block 1 is single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, or double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, or one protects double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, or single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block, or two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block etc.As shown in Figure 7, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9 is made up of single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell 10 and the heat insulating material 11 be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove 12 extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 8, double-cavity compound heat insulation building block is made up of double-cavity compound heat insulation building block concrete shell and the heat insulating material be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 9, one protect double-cavity compound heat insulation building block by one protecting double-cavity compound heat insulation building block concrete shell, be filled in concrete shell and form compared with the heat insulating material in vast sky chamber and other two less cavitys, there is the groove extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 10, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block is made up of single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell 14 and the heat insulating material 11 be filled in concrete shell cavity.As shown in figure 11, two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block by two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block concrete shell and the heat insulating material be filled in concrete shell cavity form.

Embodiment

In the present embodiment, composite heat insulation block adopts single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, as shown in Figure 4, a kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to the lateral surface of shear wall 3 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form skew brick body of wall 7, the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer 8 is done at groove.

Composite heat insulation block in the present embodiment is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, light filling inorganic heat insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, and the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Wherein, light inorganic heat preserving material is ordinary Portland cement thermal insulation foaming body, or ordinary Portland cement and coal ash heat-preservation foaming body, or ardealite thermal insulation foaming body etc.

Embodiment 3

As shown in Figure 5, a kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block 1, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to post 2, the lateral surface of shear wall 3 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built composite heat insulation block 1 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall 7, the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer 8 is done at groove.

In the technical program, composite heat insulation block 1 is single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, or double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, or one protects double-cavity compound heat insulation building block, or single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block, or two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block etc.As shown in Figure 7, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9 is made up of single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell 10 and the heat insulating material 11 be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove 12 extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 8, double-cavity compound heat insulation building block is made up of double-cavity compound heat insulation building block concrete shell and the heat insulating material be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 9, one protect double-cavity compound heat insulation building block by one protecting double-cavity compound heat insulation building block concrete shell, be filled in concrete shell and form compared with the heat insulating material in vast sky chamber and other two less cavitys, there is the groove extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.As shown in Figure 10, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block is made up of single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell 14 and the heat insulating material 11 be filled in concrete shell cavity.As shown in figure 11, two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block by two-chamber day font composite heat insulation block concrete shell and the heat insulating material be filled in concrete shell cavity form.

Embodiment

In the present embodiment, composite heat insulation block adopts single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, as shown in Figure 6, a kind of full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is built by laying bricks or stones with single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9, composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 is close to post 2, the lateral surface of shear wall 3 and beam 5, lintel 6 is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel 6, lintel 6 is built single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 9 by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall 4 and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form skew brick body of wall 7, the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall 7 and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer 8 is done at groove.

Composite heat insulation block in the present embodiment is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, light filling inorganic heat insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, and the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Wherein, light inorganic heat preserving material is ordinary Portland cement thermal insulation foaming body, or ordinary Portland cement and coal ash heat-preservation foaming body, or ardealite thermal insulation foaming body etc.

Claims (3)

1. a full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block (1), composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) is close to the lateral surface of post (2) and beam (5), lintel (6) is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel (6), lintel (6) is built composite heat insulation block (1) by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall (7), the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall (7) and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer (8) is done at groove.
2. a full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block (1), composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) is close to the lateral surface of shear wall (3) and beam (5), lintel (6) is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel (6), lintel (6) is built composite heat insulation block (1) by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall (7), the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall (7) and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer (8) is done at groove.
3. a full outsourcing block type wall self-insulation system, it is characterized in that, composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) is built by laying bricks or stones with composite heat insulation block (1), composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) is close to post (2), the lateral surface of shear wall (3) and beam (5), lintel (6) is had in window upper end, insulation layer is done at the lateral surface of lintel (6), lintel (6) is built composite heat insulation block (1) by laying bricks or stones, hole between composite heat insulation block body of wall (4) and floor accompanies brick tiltedly to build, or by filled with mortar, form skew brick body of wall (7), the lateral surface of skew brick body of wall (7) and floor and upper, a groove is formed between the end face of lower body of wall, insulation layer (8) is done at groove.
CN201410491259.0A 2014-09-02 2014-09-02 Self-thermal insulation system of complete externally-covered bricked wall CN104251033A (en)

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Application publication date: 20141231