CN104251019A - Semi-outsourcing bricking type cast-in-place combined wall self-thermal-insulation system constructed by thermal insulation building blocks - Google Patents

Semi-outsourcing bricking type cast-in-place combined wall self-thermal-insulation system constructed by thermal insulation building blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104251019A
CN104251019A CN201410491077.3A CN201410491077A CN104251019A CN 104251019 A CN104251019 A CN 104251019A CN 201410491077 A CN201410491077 A CN 201410491077A CN 104251019 A CN104251019 A CN 104251019A
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China
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insulation
type
heat insulation
self
self heat
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CN201410491077.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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谢向荣
谢怀宇
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绿建科技集团新型建材高技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201410491077.3A priority Critical patent/CN104251019A/en
Publication of CN104251019A publication Critical patent/CN104251019A/en

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    • Y02A30/261
    • Y02B30/94

Abstract

The invention discloses a semi-outsourcing bricking type cast-in-place combined wall self-thermal-insulation system constructed by thermal insulation building blocks. The semi-outsourcing bricking type cast-in-place combined wall self-thermal-insulation system constructed by the thermal insulation building blocks is characterized by comprising an A-type composite thermal insulation building block self-thermal-insulation wall (1), a B-type composite thermal insulation building block self-thermal-insulation wall (2), an inclined building block self-thermal-insulation wall, a beam thermal insulation body, a door window peripheral thermal insulation wall and a lintel upper end and wall top end cast-in-place self-thermal-insulation wall. The A-type composite thermal insulation building block self-thermal-insulation wall (1), the B-type composite thermal insulation building block self-thermal-insulation wall (2), the inclined building block self-thermal-insulation wall, the beam thermal insulation body, the door window peripheral thermal insulation wall and the lintel upper end and wall top end cast-in-place self-thermal-insulation wall are organically combined together to form the complete wall self-thermal-insulation system. The wall self-thermal-insulation system has the prominent advantages of being good in energy-saving effect and convenient to construct, preventing fire, resisting cracking, preventing water, resisting seepage and the like, the defects that most current thermal-insulation walls are poor in fire preventing performance, durability and rainwater leakage resistance, prone to cracking and the like are overcome, and the system has the good economic benefits and social benefits in application and popularization.

Description

The cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks

Technical field

The present invention relates to industry and civilian self-heat conserving building energy conservation body of wall, be specifically related to the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that a kind of insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones.

Background technology

Wall self-insulation system refers to according to certain architectural construction, adopts energy-saving materials for wall and supporting dedicated mortar to make the physical performance indexs such as thermal characteristic of wall meet the construction wall thermal insulation system of respective standard.This technical system has that operation is simple, easy construction, security performance are good, be convenient to maintenance and renovation and can with building with features such as life-spans, apply this technical system and not only can reduce building energy conservation incremental cost, and raising Energy Conservation Project in Construction quality is of great practical significance.

At present, there is following outstanding problem in domestic and international wall thermal insulation technology and heat insulating material: first, there is fire savety difference.Secondly, because of the quality of material and the quality of construction, there is cracking, hollowing, the phenomenon that comes off all in various degree, its three, poor durability, application life is generally no more than Two decades years, its four, water absorption rate is high, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage.

The present invention adopts insulation blocks to build self heat insulation wall by laying bricks or stones, and the insulation blocks in the present invention refers to the building block with insulation, heat-proof quality.Comprise the kinds such as composite heat insulation block, Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, air-entrained concrete building block, wherein, composite heat insulation block is for housing with high performance concrete building-block, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Masonry panel is carried out with it, can overcome that current most of heat-preserving wall fireproof performance is poor, poor durability, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage, the critical defects such as body of wall is easy to crack, especially during light filling inorganic heat insulation material, then do not fire completely in the vestibule of concrete hollow block.Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, air-entrained concrete building block etc. also have fabulous fireproof performance.

The document of some self heat insulation walls is had in Chinese patent literature, but lack the document of wall self-insulation system, these patent documents can be divided three classes, first kind situation comprises patent " self heat insulation wall of a kind of heat insulation building block and formation thereof " (application number 201310186123.4), patent " Z-shaped energy-saving building block Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall process " (patent No. 200910072070.7), patent " a kind of high energy saving self heat insulation wall " (application number 201310529056.1), patent " a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective anti-seismic fire-protection self-heat-preservatiwall wall " (application number 201310483727.5) etc.

In patent " self heat insulation wall of a kind of heat insulation building block and formation thereof " (application number 201310186123.4), its technical scheme is: a kind of heat insulation building block, described building block comprises block body, described block body is made up of foam cement, described building block upper surface arranges horizontal groove, and described block interiors arranges vertical through holes; One or more of filling in described horizontal groove in concrete slurry, cement mortar, clay or insulation clay form stem stem, and in described vertical through holes, filling concrete slurry or cement mortar form stem stem, and described stem stem and described block body combine together.Self heat insulation wall is made up of described heat insulation building block.The heat insulation building block of this invention and self heat insulation wall have insulation, fireproof function, have weight-bearing function simultaneously.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " Z-shaped energy-saving building block Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall process " (patent No. 200910072070.7), its technical scheme is: same skin brick block is just built, horizontal, longitudinal lock-bit is realized with positioning boss 2, longitudinal register boss 3, naturally ensure that wall inclination thickness and surface of wall planeness are also formed perpendicular to the wide combined stationary air layer 12 of the 9-10mm on ground, realize the effect that seam heat bridge is vertically built in further blocking-up by laying bricks or stones.Between two skin bricks, level builds the wide thickness of filling in the wide groove 4 of 28-30mm in seam cavity by laying bricks or stones is 15mm broken-bridge heat preservation board 10, and in order to close rectangular groove still air layer 11, combined stationary air layer 12, and level of cutting off builds seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones; Control cracking resistance masonry mortar 13 with its exposed height 10mm and be coated with paving thickness and uniformity.Z-shaped energy-saving building block 1 dislocation of building upper and lower skin brick during Self-heat-preservation energy-saving wall by laying bricks or stones is built by laying bricks or stones, is formed to cut off and vertically builds seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones.The structure of this invention, can meet all kinds of area energy-conservation 50% and higher standard requirement under Rational Thickness and needs do not do the inside and outside insulation layer of body of wall.Build by laying bricks or stones simple simultaneously, formed with blocks shape and effectively ensure thickness of wall body and degree of plainness for wall surface.The still air layer thermal-insulation function that 10-12mm is wide and strengthen heat insulation effect.(28-30mm is wide for warming plate between two skin bricks, 15mm is thick) level can be cut off, vertically build the effect of seam heat bridge by laying bricks or stones, there are good crack resistance, weatherability, stability, and reasonable with life-span and cost performance with building body, greatly shorten the economic technology features such as walling work construction period.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " a kind of high energy saving self heat insulation wall " (application number 201310529056.1), its technical scheme is: (1) self-heat conserving wall body block profile is T-shaped; (2) self-heat conserving right-angle wall corner block profile is in flower shape and scissor two kinds; (3) self-heat conserving T-shaped corner block profile is T heading tape bar shape and T tail band bar shape two kinds; (4) during masonry wall body, one piece in any adjacent two pieces of self-heat conserving wall bodies building block of left and right be made T-shapedly to put, another block is then put in inverted T-shaped; When building right-angle wall corner by laying bricks or stones, flower shape and this two kinds of self-heat conserving right-angle wall corners building block of scissor will alternately be put; When building T-shaped corner by laying bricks or stones, T heading tape bar shape and these two kinds of self-heat conserving T-shaped wall corner building blocks of T tail band bar shape will alternately be put.The good effect of this application is the energy saving significantly improving self heat insulation wall.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

In patent " a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective anti-seismic fire-protection self-heat-preservatiwall wall " (application number 201310483727.5), its technical scheme is: this body of wall is that the building block of concavo-convex linear pattern wall body, the building block of concavo-convex perpendicular type right-angle wall corner, concave-convex type T-shaped wall corner building block and the inorganic heat preservation masonry mortar made with powder ash air-entrained concrete material is built by laying bricks or stones, and its principal character is: (1) all building blocks have plush copper and groove; (2) plush copper of all building blocks is all inserted within the groove of same skin adjacent block.The good effect of this application is the anti-seismic performance and the energy saving that significantly improve body of wall, and environmental-protection fireproof is functional.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

Equations of The Second Kind situation comprises patent " a kind of permanent cast-in-place concrete composite heat preservation moulding board " (patent No. ZL201020137822.1), patent " a kind of permanent composite heat-insulating template for cast-in-place concrete with insulation transition zone " (patent No. ZL201020221014.3), patent " a kind of permanent external framework on-site concrete compound insulation wall structure " (patent No. ZL200920240787.3) etc.

In patent " a kind of permanent cast-in-place concrete composite heat preservation moulding board " (patent No. ZL201020137822.1), its technical scheme is: polyphenyl plate (1) arranged outside is reinforcing rib (2) in length and breadth, smear cement based slurry (3) respectively in the inside and outside both sides of polyphenyl plate (1), and paste reinforcing material (4).The advantage of this utility model is: high-strength compound heat insulation formwork have lightweight, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.With its as the concrete heat-insulation wall that permanent exterior sheathing is cast-in-place, there is easy construction, reduce template consumption, construction costs is low, thermal property good, without security-hidden trouble, can realize insulation construction and building with advantages such as life-spans.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the binding site of the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall, beam and body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, such body of wall is using polyphenyl plate as organic insulation material, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely causes the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharges dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

In patent " a kind of permanent composite heat-insulating template for cast-in-place concrete with insulation transition zone " (patent No. ZL201020221014.3), its technical scheme is: arrange inner adhesion enhancement Layer (1) by polyphenyl plate (2) inner side, polyphenyl plate (2) outside tick slot arranges reinforcing rib (3), bonding enhancement Layer (4) is set outside reinforcing rib (3), outside bonding enhancement Layer (4), insulation transition zone (5) is set, outside insulation transition zone (5), outboard bonds enhancement Layer (6) is set; By the warming plate formed above, some goat's horn anchor bolts parts (7) are set.The feature of this utility model is: high-strength compound heat insulation formwork has that quality is light, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the binding site of the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall, beam and body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, such body of wall is using polyphenyl plate as organic insulation material, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely causes the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharges dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

In patent " a kind of permanent external framework on-site concrete compound insulation wall structure " (patent No. ZL200920240787.3), its technical scheme is: the permanent exterior sheathing being made in-situ concrete wall and beam, post by high-strength compound warming plate (5), and high-strength compound warming plate (5) and cast-in-situ concrete (7) is linked together securely by connection fixture (6).The advantage of this utility model is: high-strength compound warming plate have lightweight, intensity is high, high insulating effect, has certain fireproof performance.As the concrete heat-insulation wall structure that permanent exterior sheathing is cast-in-place with it there is easy construction, reduce the advantages such as template consumption.But this patent also has following defect: first INSULATION DESIGN made by this patent coupled columns, beam, shear wall, whole wall self-insulation system is not carried out to the design of system.Such as, INSULATION DESIGN is not made at the positions such as the lintel on the binding site of the body of wall between coupled columns and post, the body of wall between post and shear wall, body of wall, beam and body of wall between shear wall and shear wall, Yi Jimen, window, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.Secondly, when such body of wall makes warming plate with organic materials such as polyphenyl plate, if circuit is on fire in body of wall, likely cause the organic insulation material burn incompletelys such as polyphenyl plate, and discharge dense smoke and poisonous, pernicious gas.The organic material such as polyphenyl plate is easily aging again, and drying shrinkage value is large, easily causes body of wall to occur hollowing, problems of crack.

3rd class situation is patent " Self-heat-insulation " (patent No. 200920035939.6), its technical scheme is, the hot and cold abutment bluk recombination of concrete of masonry and concrete composite insulation boards heat-insulation and heat-preservation that this body of wall comprises heat-insulation and heat-preservation is formed; The concrete hot and cold abutment body of concrete composite insulation boards heat-insulation and heat-preservation comprises the hot and cold abutment body of concrete, and the hot and cold abutment of concrete is external is compounded with concrete composite insulation boards; The sandwich thermal insulated masonry of masonry right and wrong of heat-insulation and heat-preservation and the complex of sandwich thermal insulated masonry, wherein non-sandwich thermal insulated masonry is the masonry of insulating brick header, sandwich thermal insulated masonry is the masonry of brick facing bond, and sandwich thermal insulated masonry is divided into left and right two leaves, is filled with warming plate between the leaf of left and right two.This utility model is rational in infrastructure, good working effect.But this patent does not carry out the design of system to whole wall self-insulation system, these key positions of lintel on the binding site of coupled columns, beam, shear wall, floor, beam and body of wall, door, window are not had to carry out INSULATION DESIGN, there is no the wall self-insulation structural system that formation one is complete, lack concrete structure and the process of wall self-insulation system.

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: overcome current most of heat-preserving wall fireproof performance poor, poor durability, the poor performance of anti-rain leakage, the critical defects such as body of wall is easy to crack, coupled columns simultaneously, beam, shear wall, floor, the binding site of beam and body of wall, door, these key positions of lintel on window carry out INSULATION DESIGN, their self heat insulation walls respectively and between post and post, self heat insulation wall between post and shear wall, a complete wall self-insulation system is built together with self heat insulation wall between shear wall with shear wall, improve Energy Conservation Project in Construction quality.

Summary of the invention

For the problems referred to above, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:

Scheme one

1, a kind of insulation blocks cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks 3, joint pin 4, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks 6, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8 or medial surface;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor, at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10, lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer 20 at groove.

2, warming plate is fixed between described post 4 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2.

3, described post 4 is the vertical member in building with supporting role.Such as, the hetermorphiscal column in the frame column in the frame column in frame construction or constructional column, frame-shear-wall structure or constructional column, Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns, the constructional column etc. in brick mix structure.

4, described beam 8 is the supporting member of horizontal direction in building.Such as, Vierendeel girder, collar tie beam, secondary beam etc.

5, described insulation blocks refers to the building block with insulation, heat-proof quality.Such as composite heat insulation block, Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, air-entrained concrete building block etc., wherein, composite heat insulation block is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.

6, the width of described A type composite heat insulation block is greater than the width of Type B composite heat insulation block, or the width of A type composite heat insulation block equals the width of Type B composite heat insulation block, or the width of A type composite heat insulation block is less than the width of Type B composite heat insulation block.

7, described companion's brick is solid brick, such as solid clay brick, solid shale brick, solid colliery wastes brick, solid fly ash brick, solid sand lime brick, solid gypsum brick and solid cinder brick etc.

Scheme two

1, a kind of insulation blocks cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks 3, it is bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of shear wall 5 that A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends connect shear wall 5, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks 6, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to shear wall 5 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8 or medial surface;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor, at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10, lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer 20 at groove.

2, warming plate is fixed between described shear wall 5 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2.

3, described beam 8 is the supporting member of horizontal direction in building.Such as, Vierendeel girder, collar tie beam, secondary beam etc.

4, described insulation blocks refers to the building block with insulation, heat-proof quality.Such as composite heat insulation block, Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, air-entrained concrete building block etc., wherein, composite heat insulation block is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.

5, the width of described A type composite heat insulation block is greater than the width of Type B composite heat insulation block, or the width of A type composite heat insulation block equals the width of Type B composite heat insulation block, or the width of A type composite heat insulation block is less than the width of Type B composite heat insulation block.

6, described companion's brick is solid brick, such as solid clay brick, solid shale brick, solid colliery wastes brick, solid fly ash brick, solid sand lime brick, solid gypsum brick and solid cinder brick etc.

Scheme three

1, a kind of insulation blocks cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks 3, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends respectively joint pin 4 and shear wall 5, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4 and shear wall 5;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks 6, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 and shear wall 5 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8 or medial surface;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor, at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10, lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer 20 at groove.

2, fix warming plate between described post 4 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, between described shear wall 5 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, fix warming plate.

3, described post 4 is the vertical member in building with supporting role.Such as, the hetermorphiscal column in the frame column in the frame column in frame construction or constructional column, frame-shear-wall structure or constructional column, Framed Structure with Special-Shaped Columns, the constructional column etc. in brick mix structure.

4, described beam 8 is the supporting member of horizontal direction in building.Such as, Vierendeel girder, collar tie beam, secondary beam etc.

5, described insulation blocks refers to the building block with insulation, heat-proof quality.Such as composite heat insulation block, Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, air-entrained concrete building block etc., wherein, composite heat insulation block is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, fill insulant material in its vestibule, the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.

6, the width of described A type composite heat insulation block is greater than the width of Type B composite heat insulation block, or the width of A type composite heat insulation block equals the width of Type B composite heat insulation block, or the width of A type composite heat insulation block is less than the width of Type B composite heat insulation block.

7, described companion's brick is solid brick, such as solid clay brick, solid shale brick, solid colliery wastes brick, solid fly ash brick, solid sand lime brick, solid gypsum brick and solid cinder brick etc.

Technique effect of the present invention is: construct a complete wall self-insulation system, this wall self-insulation system has good energy-conserving effect, easy construction, fire prevention, cracking resistance, the outstanding advantages such as water proof anti-seepage.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is insulation blocks and post integrated structure schematic diagram

Fig. 2 is insulation blocks and shear wall integrated structure schematic diagram

Fig. 3 is insulation blocks and post, shear wall integrated structure schematic diagram

Fig. 4 is the half outsourcing block type cast-in-place assembled wall structure of self-heat preservation system stereogram of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks in embodiment 1

Fig. 5 is the half outsourcing block type cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System example structure stereogram of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks in embodiment 1

Fig. 6 is the half outsourcing block type cast-in-place assembled wall structure of self-heat preservation system stereogram of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks in embodiment 2

Fig. 7 is the half outsourcing block type cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System example structure stereogram of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks in embodiment 2

Fig. 8 is the half outsourcing block type cast-in-place assembled wall structure of self-heat preservation system stereogram of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks in embodiment 3

Fig. 9 is the half outsourcing block type cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System example structure stereogram of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks in embodiment 3

Figure 10 is single chamber H core composite heat insulation block

Figure 11 is single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block

In figure, 1, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall, 2, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall, 3, A type insulation blocks, 4, post, 5, shear wall, 6, Type B insulation blocks, 7, air layer, 8, beam, 9, first skew brick body of wall, 10, lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall, 11, warming plate, 13, steel tie, 14, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block, 15, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell, 16, heat insulating material, 17, groove, 18, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block, 19, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell, 20, insulation layer, 21, lintel, 22, reinforcing bar.

Detailed description of the invention

Scope of the present invention is not limited to this, and its claimed scope is recorded in each claim of claim.

Embodiment one

As Figure 1 and Figure 4, the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that a kind of insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks 3, joint pin 4, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks 6, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8 or medial surface;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor, at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10, lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer 20 at groove.

In the technical program, described insulation blocks adopts composite heat insulation block, or Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, or air-entrained concrete building block.

The width of described A type insulation blocks is greater than the width of Type B insulation blocks.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 5, the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that a kind of insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall;

In the present embodiment, A type insulation blocks adopts single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14, and Type B insulation blocks adopts single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: with single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14, build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones, joint pin 4, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, and forms the first skew brick body of wall 9, then fixes warming plate at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor; at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor; form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10; lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall; fix warming plate 11 at groove, or separately do insulation layer with kervit microbead insulated sand slurry.

Composite heat insulation block in the present embodiment is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, light filling inorganic heat insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, and the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Wherein, light inorganic heat preserving material is ordinary Portland cement thermal insulation foaming body, or ordinary Portland cement and coal ash heat-preservation foaming body, or ardealite thermal insulation foaming body etc.

As shown in Figure 10, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14 is made up of single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell 15 and the heat insulating material 16 be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove 17 extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.

As shown in figure 11, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18 is made up of single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell 19 and the heat insulating material 16 be filled in concrete shell cavity.

Embodiment two

As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 6, the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that a kind of insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks 3, it is bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of shear wall 5 that A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends connect shear wall 5, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks 6, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to shear wall 5 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8 or medial surface;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor, at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10, lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer 20 at groove.

In the technical program, described insulation blocks adopts composite heat insulation block, or Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, or air-entrained concrete building block.

The width of described A type insulation blocks is greater than the width of Type B insulation blocks.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 7, the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that a kind of insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall;

In the present embodiment, A type insulation blocks adopts single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14, and Type B insulation blocks adopts single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: with single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14, build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones, it is bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of shear wall 5 that A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends connect shear wall 5, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to shear wall 5 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, and forms the first skew brick body of wall 9, then fixes warming plate 11 at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor; at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor; form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10; lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall; fix warming plate 11 at groove, or separately do insulation layer with kervit microbead insulated sand slurry.

Composite heat insulation block in the present embodiment is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, light filling inorganic heat insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, and the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Wherein, light inorganic heat preserving material is ordinary Portland cement thermal insulation foaming body, or ordinary Portland cement and coal ash heat-preservation foaming body, or ardealite thermal insulation foaming body etc.

As shown in Figure 10, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14 is made up of single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell 15 and the heat insulating material 16 be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove 17 extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.

As shown in figure 11, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18 is made up of single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell 19 and the heat insulating material 16 be filled in concrete shell cavity.

Embodiment three

As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 8, the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that a kind of insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks 3, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends respectively joint pin 4 and shear wall 5, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4 and shear wall 5;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks 6, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 and shear wall 5 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall 9, then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9 and beam 8 or medial surface;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor, at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10, lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer 20 at groove.

In the technical program, described insulation blocks adopts composite heat insulation block, or Autoclaved aerated concrete blocks, or air-entrained concrete building block.

The width of described A type insulation blocks is greater than the width of Type B insulation blocks.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 9, the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that a kind of insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2, skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall;

In the present embodiment, A type insulation blocks adopts single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14, and Type B insulation blocks adopts single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, specific practice and being constructed as follows:

(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and structure: with single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14, build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 by laying bricks or stones, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends respectively joint pin 4 and shear wall 5, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 two ends bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post 4 and shear wall 5;

(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 by laying bricks or stones with single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 is close to post 4 and shear wall 5 lateral surface, have between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 between air layer 7, A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 and have steel tie 13;

(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 1 and beam 8 accompanies brick tiltedly to build, and forms the first skew brick body of wall 9, then fixes warming plate at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall 9;

(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer 7 and door, window does insulation layer, is closed by air layer 7, does insulation layer at the lateral surface of the lintel lateral surface on door top and the lintel 21 on window top;

(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar 22 stretches out floor; at lintel 21, secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall 2 top end face and floor; form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10; lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall 10 and the end face of upper and lower body of wall; fix warming plate 11 at groove, or separately do insulation layer with kervit microbead insulated sand slurry.

Composite heat insulation block in the present embodiment is with high performance concrete building-block for housing, light filling inorganic heat insulation material in its vestibule, through chemical reaction, and the concrete block integrating building enclosure and heat insulation function be composited.Wherein, light inorganic heat preserving material is ordinary Portland cement thermal insulation foaming body, or ordinary Portland cement and coal ash heat-preservation foaming body, or ardealite thermal insulation foaming body etc.

As shown in Figure 10, single chamber H core composite heat insulation block 14 is made up of single chamber H core composite heat insulation block concrete shell 15 and the heat insulating material 16 be filled in concrete shell cavity, and there is the groove 17 extending cold-heat bridge length the middle of concrete shell two ends end face.

As shown in figure 11, single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block 18 is made up of single chamber yi word pattern composite heat insulation block concrete shell 19 and the heat insulating material 16 be filled in concrete shell cavity.

Claims (6)

1. the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:
(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks (3), A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) two ends joint pin (4), A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post (4);
(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks (6), Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) is close to post (4) lateral surface, there is air layer (7) between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), have steel tie (13);
(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and beam (8) accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall (9), then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall (9) and beam (8) or medial surface;
(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer (7) and door, window does insulation layer, closed by air layer (7), the lateral surface of the lintel (21) on the lintel lateral surface on door top and window top does insulation layer;
(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar (22) stretches out floor, at lintel (21), secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall (10), lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall (10) and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer (20) at groove.
2. the insulation blocks according to claim 1 cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones, is characterized in that, fix warming plate between described post (4) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2).
3. the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:
(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks (3), A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) two ends connect shear wall (5), and A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of shear wall (5);
(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks (6), Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) is close to shear wall (5) lateral surface, there is air layer (7) between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), have steel tie (13);
(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and beam (8) accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall (9), then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall (9) and beam (8) or medial surface;
(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer (7) and door, window does insulation layer, closed by air layer (7), the lateral surface of the lintel (21) on the lintel lateral surface on door top and window top does insulation layer;
(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar (22) stretches out floor, at lintel (21), secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall (10), lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall (10) and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer (20) at groove.
4. the insulation blocks according to claim 3 cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones, is characterized in that, fix warming plate between described shear wall (5) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2).
5. the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones with insulation blocks, it is characterized in that, this comprises A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) with the cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type that insulation blocks is built by laying bricks or stones, Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation, heat-preserving wall around door and window, lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall; Specific practice and being constructed as follows:
(1) way of A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and structure: build A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) by laying bricks or stones with A type insulation blocks (3), A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) two ends are joint pin (4) and shear wall (5) respectively, and A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) two ends are bonding with the contact surface masonry mortar of post (4) and shear wall (5);
(2) way of Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) and structure: build Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) by laying bricks or stones with Type B insulation blocks (6), Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) is close to post (4) and shear wall (5) lateral surface, there is air layer (7) between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), have steel tie (13);
(3) way of skew brick self heat insulation wall and beam insulation and structure: the hole between A type insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (1) and beam (8) accompanies brick tiltedly to build, form the first skew brick body of wall (9), then do insulation layer at the lateral surface of the first skew brick body of wall (9) and beam (8) or medial surface;
(4) way of heat-preserving wall and structure around door, window: the contact portion around air layer (7) and door, window does insulation layer, closed by air layer (7), the lateral surface of the lintel (21) on the lintel lateral surface on door top and window top does insulation layer;
(5) way of lintel upper end and body of wall top cast-in-situ self-heat preservation wall and structure: reinforcing bar (22) stretches out floor, at lintel (21), secondary poured in place concrete between Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2) top end face and floor, form lintel upper end and body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall (10), lintel upper end and form a groove between body of wall top secondary cast-in-situ wall (10) and the end face of upper and lower body of wall, does insulation layer (20) at groove.
6. the insulation blocks according to claim 5 cast-in-place assembled wall Self-thermal-insulation System of half outsourcing block type of building by laying bricks or stones, it is characterized in that, fix warming plate between described post (4) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), between described shear wall (5) and Type B insulation blocks self heat insulation wall (2), fix warming plate.
CN201410491077.3A 2014-09-02 2014-09-02 Semi-outsourcing bricking type cast-in-place combined wall self-thermal-insulation system constructed by thermal insulation building blocks CN104251019A (en)

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袁则: "梁下或填充墙最上部采用立砖斜切的好处", 《建筑砌块与砌块建筑》 *

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Application publication date: 20141231