CN104191186B - The processing method of gear-box - Google Patents

The processing method of gear-box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104191186B
CN104191186B CN201410375882.XA CN201410375882A CN104191186B CN 104191186 B CN104191186 B CN 104191186B CN 201410375882 A CN201410375882 A CN 201410375882A CN 104191186 B CN104191186 B CN 104191186B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
box
gear
circular flange
hole
locating dowel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410375882.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104191186A (en
Inventor
薛枳钊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Liuzhou Yingli Machinery Casting Co ltd
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LIUZHOU YINGLI MACHINERY CASTING Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410375882.XA priority Critical patent/CN104191186B/en
Publication of CN104191186A publication Critical patent/CN104191186A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104191186B publication Critical patent/CN104191186B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass
    • B23P15/14Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass gear parts, e.g. gear wheels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/12Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for securing to a spindle in general

Abstract

The processing method that the invention discloses a kind of gear-box, relates to Machining Technology field, uses a kind of gear-box turnning and milling fixture, and its operating procedure includes: A, clamps;B, dress part;C, processing: use lathe tool, described circular flange upper surface, the hole, location of described positioning spigot and this bottom surface, hole, location, described dead eye upper surface are carried out turnery processing;Use boring cutter, described dead eye is carried out Boring;D, unload described gear-box and i.e. complete the end face to described gear-box circular flange side and the processing in hole.Compared with prior art, the present invention can solve the problem that processing percent defective is high and production efficiency is low of existing gear-box.

Description

The processing method of gear-box
Technical field
The present invention relates to Machining Technology field, a kind of method for the end face of gear-box circular flange side and hole are processed.
Background technology
Existing a kind of gear-box as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, this gear-box weighs about 80 kilograms;This gear-box 1 is provided with the chest portion of mounting hole 1-3 and is connected to the outer rim of this chest portion one end and is provided with the circular flange of two otic placode 1-4 in including, this circular flange is provided with the dead eye connected with mounting hole 1-3, is provided with a positioning spigot at nearly circular flange upper surface 1-1;The hole, location of positioning spigot and dead eye are in being coaxially disposed.It is at present to carry out on lathe to this hole of gear-box circular flange side and the processing of end face, the steps include: 1, chuck is contained on the mounting hole of gear-box and is strutted, clamping;2, use lathe tool that circular flange upper surface, the hole, location of positioning spigot and bottom surface, hole, location, dead eye and dead eye upper surface are carried out turnery processing.There are the following problems in process of production for this processing method: 1, anthropic factor impact is too big, and workman must use dial gauge to adjust axiality, perpendicularity, the most again by the mounting hole clamping of gear-box when using chuck to strut;Affected by factors such as the technical merit of workman, duties, the problem that crudy is unstable, percent defective is high can be caused;2. clamping force is too big, and gear-box can be made to deform;Due to gear-box Heavy Weight, using chuck to strut, clamping time need great clamping force, easily make gear-box deform, the phenomenon that the product processed dimension overproof often occurs, even scraps;3. labor strength is big, and production efficiency is low, and workman can only process 8 to 10 gear-boxes every day.
Summary of the invention
Problem solved by the invention is to provide the processing method of a kind of gear-box, to solve the problem that processing percent defective is high and production efficiency is low of existing gear-box.
In order to solve the problems referred to above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: the processing method of a kind of gear-box, gear-box is provided with the chest portion of mounting hole and is attached at the outer rim of this chest portion one end and is provided with the circular flange of two otic placodes in including, the bottom surface of two described otic placodes is that same plane is arranged with the bottom surface of described circular flange, and described circular flange is provided with the dead eye connected with described mounting hole;Being provided with a positioning spigot in nearly circular flange upper end surface, the hole, location of described positioning spigot and described dead eye are in being coaxially disposed;
Using a kind of gear-box turnning and milling fixture, this gear-box turnning and milling fixture includes that end face is provided with the connection dish of multiple threaded connection hole, and first locating dowel and two second locating dowels are distributed on the same circumference of described connection dish upper surface;Described first locating dowel is provided with its side and is coated with the arc locating notch of tight fixed bolt in top;Described second locating dowel is provided with its end face and is coated with the otic placode locating notch of top pressing board by fastening bolt in top;The bottom surface of described first locating dowel arc locating notch and the bottom surface of described second locating dowel otic placode locating notch are that same plane is arranged;Being provided with polylith pair pressing plate in described connection dish upper surface, described in polylith, secondary pressing plate is all contained on described connection dish by cushion block, is coated with hold-down bolt on described secondary pressing plate;
Operating procedure includes:
A, clamps: the described connection dish of described gear-box turnning and milling fixture is contained on the main shaft of lathe by multiple threaded connection holes;
B, dress part:
A) by crane, described gear-box is sling, two the described otic placodes making described gear-box load in the otic placode locating notch of described second locating dowel, a part of outer rim of the described circular flange relative with two described otic placodes loads in the arc locating notch of described first locating dowel, the bottom surface respectively with the bottom surface of described first locating dowel arc locating notch and described second locating dowel otic placode locating notch, the bottom surface of the bottom surface of described circular flange and two described otic placodes is made to abut against, respectively by described tight fixed bolt, described gear-box is fixed on described connection dish by the described top pressing board being coated with described fastening bolt;
B) polylith pair pressing plate is used to be fixed on described connection dish by the described kidney-shaped flange of the chest portion other end of described gear-box;
C, processing: use lathe tool, described circular flange upper surface, the hole, location of described positioning spigot and this bottom surface, hole, location, described dead eye upper surface are carried out turnery processing;
Use boring cutter, described dead eye is carried out Boring;
D, unload described gear-box and i.e. complete the end face to described gear-box circular flange side and the processing in hole.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art has the advantages that 1, this fixture by three connecting holes by frock clamp clamping on lathe spindle, use space principle of six-point fixing, i.e. processed gear-box is positioned on correct position by the first locating dowel, the arc locating notch of two the second locating dowels, the bottom surface these three locating surface of otic placode locating notch, then by the tight fixed bolt in the first locating dowel, the second locating dowel, top pressing board, gear-box is fixed on gear-box turnning and milling fixture;2, axiality, the error of perpendicularity that clamping process produces effectively is controlled, simple to operate, reduce the labor intensity that the technical merit to operator requires, reduces workman, improve working (machining) efficiency, improve processed finished products rate;Workman can produce 16-18 gear-box every day;3, make the production schedule flexible and changeable, improve product timely delivery guaranteed rate, when lathe over loading produce or break down cannot repair in time time, this gear-box turnning and milling fixture can be contained on milling machine and gear-box is carried out Milling Process, thus not affect the processing progress of gear-box.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the circular flange of the gear-box of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the chest portion of the gear-box of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view of the gear-box of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the gear-box turnning and milling fixture of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the gear-box clamping of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described for example below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 to shown in 3 for gear-box to be processed, this gear-box 1 is provided with the chest portion of mounting hole 1-3 and is connected to the outer rim of this chest portion one end and is provided with the circular flange of two otic placodes in including, the bottom surface of two otic placode 1-4 is that same plane is arranged with the bottom surface 1-5 of the circular flange of circular flange, and this circular flange has the dead eye connected with mounting hole 1-3;Being provided with a positioning spigot at the circular flange upper surface 1-1 of circular flange, the hole, location of dead eye and positioning spigot is in being coaxially disposed, and the aperture of dead eye is d2, and the aperture in the hole, location of positioning spigot is d1;Must be processed gear-box circular flange upper surface 1-1, the hole, location of positioning spigot and location bottom surface, hole 1-2, dead eye and dead eye upper surface 1-6 by technological requirement, the roughness requirements of machined surface is 3.2;The other end in chest portion is provided with kidney-shaped flange.
The processing method of above-mentioned this gear-box, use a kind of gear-box turnning and milling fixture as shown in Fig. 4 to Fig. 5, this gear-box turnning and milling fixture includes that end face is provided with the connection dish 2 of three threaded connection holes, first locating dowel 3 and two second locating dowels 5 are distributed on the same circumference of the upper surface of connection dish 2, and the two the second locating dowel 5 is equal with the length of the first locating dowel 3 line respectively;Have an arc locating notch 3-1 at the top of the first locating dowel 3, the radian of this arc locating notch 3-1 is equal with the radian of the circular flange of gear-box, is coated with the tight fixed bolt 4 stretching out arc locating notch 3-1 in the side of the first locating dowel 3;Being equipped with at the top of the second locating dowel 5 and have otic placode locating notch 5-1, the end face in the second locating dowel 5 is all coated with top pressing board 6 by fastening bolt 7 respectively;The bottom surface of the first locating dowel 3 arc locating notch 3-1 and the bottom surface of the second locating dowel 5 otic placode locating notch 5-1 are that same plane is arranged;The present embodiment is in connection dish 2 upper surface equipped with two pieces of secondary pressing plates 10, and two pieces of secondary pressing plates 10 are all contained on connection dish 2 by installing two bolts of cushion block 9, are all coated with a hold-down bolt 11 on every piece of secondary pressing plate 10.
Its operating procedure includes:
A, clamps: the connection dish 2 of gear-box turnning and milling fixture is contained on the main shaft of lathe by three threaded connection holes;B, dress part: a) by crane, gear-box 1 is sling, two the otic placode 1-4 making gear-box 1 load in the otic placode locating notch 5-1 of the second locating dowel 5, a part of outer rim of the circular flange relative for otic placode 1-4 with two loads in the arc locating notch 3-1 of the first locating dowel 3, the bottom surface making the bottom surface 1-5 and the first locating dowel 3 arc locating notch 3-1 of circular flange abuts against, and the bottom surface of two otic placode 1-4 abuts against with the second locating dowel 5 otic placode locating notch 5-1 bottom surface respectively;While using dial gauge that dead eye and circular flange upper surface 1-1 are adjusted axiality, perpendicularity, gear-box 1 is fixed on connection dish 2 by the fastening bolt 7 by tightening tight fixed bolt 4, be installed on top pressing board 6 respectively;B), on the kidney-shaped flange of the chest portion other end that two pieces of secondary pressing plates 10 are ridden over gear-box 1, by tightening the hold-down bolt 11 on secondary pressing plate 10, kidney-shaped flange is fixed on connection dish 2;C, processing: use lathe tool, circular flange upper surface 1-1, the hole, location of positioning spigot and this hole, location bottom surface 1-2, dead eye upper surface 1-6 are carried out turnery processing;Use boring cutter, dead eye is carried out Boring;D, unload gear-box 1 and i.e. complete the end face to gear-box 1 circular flange side and the processing in hole.

Claims (1)

1. the processing method of a gear-box, it is characterized in that: gear-box (1) is provided with the chest portion of mounting hole (1-3) and is attached at the outer rim of this chest portion one end and is provided with the circular flange of two otic placodes (1-4) in including, the bottom surface of two described otic placodes (1-4) is arranged in same plane with the bottom surface (1-5) of described circular flange, and described circular flange is provided with the dead eye connected with described mounting hole (1-3);Being provided with a positioning spigot at nearly circular flange upper surface (1-1) place, the hole, location of described positioning spigot and described dead eye are in being coaxially disposed;The other end of described chest portion is provided with kidney-shaped flange;
Use a kind of gear-box turnning and milling fixture, this gear-box turnning and milling fixture includes that end face is provided with the connection dish (2) of multiple threaded connection hole, and first locating dowel (3) and two second locating dowels (5) are distributed on the same circumference of described connection dish (2) upper surface;Described first locating dowel (3) is provided with its side and is coated with the arc locating notch (3-1) of tight fixed bolt (4) in top;Described second locating dowel (5) is provided with its end face and is coated with the otic placode locating notch (5-1) of top pressing board (6) by fastening bolt (7) in top;The bottom surface of described first locating dowel (3) arc locating notch (3-1) and the bottom surface of described second locating dowel (5) otic placode locating notch (5-1) are that same plane is arranged;Being provided with polylith pair pressing plate (10) in described connection dish (2) upper surface, described in polylith, secondary pressing plate (10) is all contained on described connection dish (2) by cushion block (9), is coated with hold-down bolt (11) on described secondary pressing plate (10);
Operating procedure includes:
A, clamps: the described connection dish (2) of described gear-box turnning and milling fixture is contained on the main shaft of lathe by multiple threaded connection holes;
B, dress part:
nullA) by crane, described gear-box (1) is sling,Two the described otic placodes (1-4) making described gear-box (1) load in the otic placode locating notch (5-1) of described second locating dowel (5),A part of outer rim of the described circular flange relative with two described otic placodes (1-4) loads in the arc locating notch (3-1) of described first locating dowel (3),The bottom surface (1-5) of described circular flange and the bottom surface of two described otic placodes (1-4) is made to abut against with the bottom surface of described first locating dowel (3) arc locating notch (3-1) and the bottom surface of described second locating dowel (5) otic placode locating notch (5-1) respectively,Respectively by described tight fixed bolt (4)、Described gear-box (1) is fixed on described connection dish (2) by the described top pressing board (6) being coated with described fastening bolt (7);
B) polylith pair pressing plate (10) is used to be fixed on described connection dish (2) by the described kidney-shaped flange of the chest portion other end of described gear-box (1);
C, processing: use lathe tool, described circular flange upper surface (1-1), the hole, location of described positioning spigot and this bottom surface, hole, location (1-2), described dead eye upper surface (1-6) are carried out turnery processing;
Use boring cutter, described dead eye is carried out Boring;
D, unload described gear-box (1) and i.e. complete the end face to described gear-box (1) circular flange side and the processing in hole.
CN201410375882.XA 2014-08-01 2014-08-01 The processing method of gear-box Expired - Fee Related CN104191186B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN104191186B true CN104191186B (en) 2016-08-24

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Families Citing this family (7)

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CN104668582B (en) * 2015-02-15 2017-05-17 黄宇杨 Method for machining horizontal duplicate gearbox
CN105345522B (en) * 2015-11-23 2018-03-02 重庆凯顺机械有限公司 The clamping tool and its processing method of mini-tiller chain-wheel box
CN109396889A (en) * 2018-11-08 2019-03-01 衡阳市振洋汽车配件有限公司 It can prevent the special-shaped supporting seat special fixture of clamping deformation
CN109794734B (en) * 2019-01-23 2020-03-31 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 Machining method of ring beam
CN109773430A (en) * 2019-03-22 2019-05-21 博谷机械设备(昆山)有限公司 Heavy-duty motor end cap processes preparation process
CN111112645A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-05-08 江苏远方动力科技有限公司 Machining method for improving machining precision and perpendicularity of motor flange hole
CN113523847B (en) * 2020-10-16 2022-06-07 青岛汽车零部件科技创新服务有限公司 Machining device for parts such as rotary box cover

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5147504B2 (en) * 2008-04-07 2013-02-20 本田技研工業株式会社 Work clamping device
KR100962919B1 (en) * 2008-04-08 2010-06-10 기아자동차주식회사 Gearbox parts injection installation device
CN101791759A (en) * 2010-02-02 2010-08-04 重庆创鼎金属铸造有限公司 Gearbox, processing method of gearbox and seeder provided with gearbox
CN202240561U (en) * 2011-09-05 2012-05-30 天津市隆诚泰铝业有限公司 Processing tool for motor shell
CN102642037B (en) * 2011-12-21 2014-09-17 贵州詹阳动力重工有限公司 Processing method and boring clamp of front axle shell for excavator
CN102990311B (en) * 2012-12-24 2015-04-22 潍坊盛瑞动力机械科技有限公司 Processing technology of flywheel shell for diesel engine

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Effective date of registration: 20190528

Address after: 424599 North Section of Hecang, Tantang Industrial Park, Zhuquan Town, Jiahe County, Chenzhou City, Hunan Province

Patentee after: CHENZHOU DINGXIN CASTING Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No. 9-1 Liutai Road, Liuzhou City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Patentee before: LIUZHOU YINGLI MACHINERY CASTING Co.,Ltd.

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Effective date of registration: 20191008

Address after: 545007 the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Liuzhou City Liu Tai Road No. 9-1

Patentee after: LIUZHOU YINGLI MACHINERY CASTING Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 424599 North Section of Hecang, Tantang Industrial Park, Zhuquan Town, Jiahe County, Chenzhou City, Hunan Province

Patentee before: CHENZHOU DINGXIN CASTING Co.,Ltd.

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee