CN104182902B - A kind of monitoring method that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net - Google Patents

A kind of monitoring method that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104182902B
CN104182902B CN201310199187.8A CN201310199187A CN104182902B CN 104182902 B CN104182902 B CN 104182902B CN 201310199187 A CN201310199187 A CN 201310199187A CN 104182902 B CN104182902 B CN 104182902B
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China
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monitoring
information
monitored
power
analysis
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CN201310199187.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104182902A (en
Inventor
邢颖
郎燕生
张印
白洋
刘升
李理
邹昱
徐杰
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国家电网公司
中国电力科学研究院
福建省电力有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/50Systems or methods supporting the power network operation or management, involving a certain degree of interaction with the load-side end user applications

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of power, and in particular to a kind of monitoring method that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net.This method can locally realize the concentration maintenance work that the provincial intelligent grid supporting system technology of mediation is adjusted, divided to state first by way of access dispatching data network Telnet in Operation and Maintenance Center.Concentrate operational system to be mainly responsible for collection state to adjust, divide and adjust and save the system running state adjusted, the running status and operation of power networks state of safety protection equipment, this method passes through the Various types of data Classifying Sum to monitoring, comprehensive analysis, the unified monitoring and fault warning to provincial and above intelligent grid supporting system technology operating condition, safety protection equipment and operation of power networks state are realized, by developing unified management of the professional monitoring software completion to Operation and Maintenance Center line service.

Description

A kind of monitoring method that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of power, and in particular to a kind of monitoring side that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net Method.

Background technology

As extra-high-voltage alternating current demonstration project formally puts into operation, China's power network strided forward extra-high voltage, bulk power grid operation it is new when In generation, the characteristic of operation of power networks is more complicated, and the difficulty for controlling bulk power grid sharply increases, scheduling business to technology support system according to Bad degree further improves.

Be present many problems in current O&M mode, be especially embodied in software maintenance work, on the one hand be each producer's peace Drainage technique personnel carry out system maintenance to site installation test, ununified organization and administration, lack the rule of related operation maintenance Model and flow, lack linkage before producer when there is challenge, service on duty in 24 hours is not provided, once there is urgent event Barrier, can only be by arranging related personnel to solve problem to in-situ processing, greatly without corresponding safeguard procedures and emergency plan at any time Reduce the efficiency of maintenance and the safety and reliability of systems stay stable operation greatly.On the other hand currently without exploitation O&M The professional monitoring software of system, each producer, which is respectively, to be sought, it is impossible to provides the record and analysis report of each run maintenance, and scientific research Combination and each application between contact it is all weaker.Another further aspect, the data volume and maintenance of various regions system are all suitable Huge, each producer will configure man power and material in control centre of net province at different levels and carry out regular on-site maintenance, greatly reduce factory Family personnel and the utilization rate of resource, add the pressure and cost of O&M.Therefore current O&M mode can not meet state The fast-developing requirements at the higher level proposed to supporting system technology maintenance work of family's power network.

The content of the invention

In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Monitoring method, the technical indicator for concentrating operational system is formulated based on access dispatching data network;Clearly monitor in scope and monitoring Hold, integrate the type of monitoring data, study the relation of data between various applications, there is provided far, and propose system The development plan of one monitoring software, to carry out unified management to maintenance work.

The purpose of the present invention is realized using following technical proposals:

A kind of monitoring method that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net, it is theed improvement is that, methods described includes Following step:

(1)Formulate the technical indicator of operational system;

(2)Determine the monitoring scope and content of operational system;

(3)According to the running status of intelligent grid supporting system technology, safety protection equipment and operation of power networks state Data are analyzed and integrated, the data type and data content clearly monitored;

(4)Determine the development plan of operational system monitoring software;

(5)Implement operational system monitoring scheme.

Wherein, the step(1)In, the technical indicator follows《Electric power secondary system security protection overall plan》" peace The requirement of full subregion, network-specific, lateral isolation, longitudinal certification ";To access system quantity, information capacity, information gathering week Phase, fault alarm time and system year availability carry out clear stipulaties, as follows:

1)Support across security partitioning, the operation information in accessible I, II, III area;

2)The supporting system technology quantity at different levels of access are no less than 32;

3)The information point capacity of access is no less than 100,000;

4)It is not more than 30 seconds from the time of supporting system technology collection operation information;

5)Occur from supporting system technology safety protection equipment, data and application function abnormal to the alarm release time No more than 1 minute;

6)System year, availability was not less than 99.9%.

Wherein, the step(2)In, the monitoring scope and content of operational system include:

<1>Abnormal information monitors:

Data do not change, are out-of-limit, saltus step and unusual fluctuations are monitored and alarmed;

<2>Technology support system operation monitoring:

A, node operating condition:Monitoring server, the cpu load of work station, internal memory service condition, disk space take Rate, database space occupancy, the alert when resource occupation exceedes regulation threshold value;

B, network operating mode:Net, the operation real time data of open operating system OMS web network equipments are carried out for dispatching data Automatic data collection, there is provided network equipment operating mode, Link State are monitored and alarmed, there is provided network topology monitors;

C, communication port operating mode:Computer communication link to accessing dispatch data net, the operating condition of special line passage enter Row monitoring, after exceeding schedule time fault time, is alarmed;

D, process operating mode:The application of intelligent grid supporting system technology, service and process are monitored and alarmed;

<3>Operation of power networks state:Monitored in real time including power network and automatically controlled with intelligent alarm, power network, be network analysis, online Security and stability analysis, water power and new energy monitoring analysis, operating analysis and evaluation and auxiliary monitoring;

<4>Security protection system:Horizontal physical isolation apparatus, longitudinal direction encryption authentication device, firewall system daily record are reported The hardware fault and operation problem of announcement;Anti-Virus, intruding detection system on-line operation situation.

Wherein, the step(3)In, the running status of the intelligent grid supporting system technology, security protection are set The standby and data cover state of operation of power networks state tune, point tune and province adjust the running status of automation systems for the power network dispatching at different levels, event Barrier alarm, Calculation results and comprehensive statistics information, including:

1>Basic platform monitors:

Basic platform monitoring includes system data, the monitoring of the quality of data, the process of system and each application process monitoring pipe Reason, locally applied management, network management, resource monitoring, channel information and network state;

2>Application software monitors:

Application software monitoring includes state and adjusts, divides to reconcile to save and adjust the respective operation of power networks Stateful Inspection number of dispatch automated system According to, the statistic analysis result respectively applied, operating index monitor respectively;

The parameter of monitoring includes:

A, operation of power networks stable state monitors:

A.1 the parameter and index of each province's net SCADA monitoring, systematic parameter --- system frequency, system always generate electricity and system Total load;

A.2 state's straightening adjusting system parameter;

A.3 state adjusts extra-high voltage systematic parameter;

A.4 generation of electricity by new energy parameter;

A.5 transmission cross-section;

A.6 great Qu interconnections;

A.7 operation information;

A.8 extreme value trend;

A.9 pessimistic concurrency control fresh information in each province's collects;

B, operation of power networks dynamic surveillance:

B.1 low-frequency oscillation in-service monitoring;

B.2 grid-connected unit relates to net behavior on-line monitoring;

C, secondary device in-service monitoring and analysis:

C.1 equipment operation information, action message, wave-record chart and ranging information;

D, comprehensive intelligent analysis and alarm:

D.1 network analysis, the out-of-limit and unstability warning information of on-line security and stability analysis application are monitored;

D.2 operation of power networks steady state information and warning information are monitored;

D.3 operation of power networks multidate information and warning information are monitored;

D.4 static stability analysis, transient stability analysis, dynamic stability analysis, static voltage stability analysis function are monitored Warning information;

D.5 relay protection, automatic safety device action, failure wave-recording, fault localization information are monitored;

D.6 the monitoring regimen and new energy warning information of water power and new energy application are monitored;

D.7 the warning information of fired power generating unit comprehensive monitoring, technology support system operation and lightning monitoring is monitored;

E, water power and new energy:

E.1 reservoir practical operating conditionses and out-of-limit analysis, forecast and plan tracking are monitored, Statistical Comparison analysis result is provided;

E.2 reservoir water balance and reservoir operating index are monitored, operation trend analysis is provided by water utilities COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING function As a result;

E.3 water power operation trend warning information is monitored;

E.4 the weather information data such as the wind speed of monitoring wind park, wind direction, temperature, air pressure;

E.5 the service datas such as new energy electric field unit start-stop state, output are monitored;

E.6, new energy electric field operating analysis and Analysis of Policy Making are provided;

F, power network automatically controls:

F.1 the spare capacity of important generating set in Automatic Generation Control dispatcher-controlled territory is monitored;

F.2 power network busbar voltage, generator reactive, the electric network reactive-load trend of automatism voltage control function are monitored;

G, network analysis:

G.1 monitoring state estimation measures qualification rate;

G.2 the more limit information of N-1 equipment and circuit group is monitored;

G.3 calculation of short-circuit current fault message and rupturing capacity scanning result are monitored;

H, on-line security and stability analysis:

H.1 monitoring system steady stability power limit and quiet steady reserve message;

H.2 automatic safety device information is monitored;

H.3, Transient angle stability, Enhancement of Transient Voltage Stability and transient frequency stability assessment result are provided;

I, auxiliary monitoring:

I.1 the monitoring positioning of thunder and lightning;

I.2 the in-service monitoring of heat-engine plant desulfurized information, processing, calculating and analysis;

I.3 power supply and coal consumption of supplying power to thermal power generating unit is monitored on-line;

I.4 the weather information that power system needs is monitored.

Wherein, the step(4)In, the development plan of operational system monitoring software includes:

1. basic platform services:

Daily record of work service, statistical report form service are provided, daily record and form export upload and are handed down to dispatchings of power netwoks at different levels Automation specific responsibility, adjusted for state, a point mediation saves to adjust and provides attended operation information and statistic analysis result;

2. system operation monitors;

3. maintaining information management;

4. the conventional application in maintenance work station:

It is soft including telnet, documents editing software, file transmitting software, checking and killing virus and network safety prevention Part;

5. tour sheet system:

Tour sheet system records each details using electric network fault, is divided into daily timing inspection information, at failure Reason information and producer safeguard information;

6. O&M information visualization overview display.

Wherein, the step(5)In, implementing operational system monitoring scheme includes:

(One)Giant-screen centralized control system is built, split screen display available state adjusts, a point mediation saves the system running state adjusted;

(Two)By developing monitoring software system, equipment and data to intelligent grid supporting system technology carry out real When monitor on-line, while monitor the software and hardware situation of automation systems for the power network dispatching at different levels;

(Three)Operation and Maintenance Center is monitored, correction data by Telnet to the running status of various regions system and equipment Change, find the various problems that occur of intelligent grid supporting system technology in time;

(Four)The maintenance work on duty of 24 hours is provided;

(Five)Operator on duty's timing inspection local hardware security situation of Operation and Maintenance Center is simultaneously regularly in tour sheet system Recorded;

(Six)Failure is alerted for the failure problems occurred in system operation;

(Seven)To using software fault, being recorded in detail on request in tour sheet system in time, and notify that this is The automation of system is full-time, while contacts producer and carry out remote maintenance in Operation and Maintenance Center, and completes to safeguard in tour sheet system Record, troubleshooting result is circulated a notice of to power network schedule automation departments at different levels;

(Eight)The significant problem occurred to software in the significant problem and system operation that are monitored in operation of power networks, and Shi Qiyun emergency preplans, while capable circular is transferred in point tune of state's harmonic correlation or province in time, concentrating, operational system expansion is remote Journey maintenance work;

(Nine)The log services function of being provided by basic platform is circulated a notice of the fault handling information in tour sheet in time To power network schedule automation departments at different levels;

(Ten)The report capability provided by basic platform, the result of calculation, assessment result, aid decision of each application are believed Breath and accident analysis export form, are uploaded to power network schedule automation departments at different levels.

Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effect that reaches of the present invention is:

1st, the characteristics of present invention is directed to intelligent grid supporting system technology, clears and concentrate Operation and Maintenance Center to adjust, divide with state Mediation saves the relation at tune center, specifies the object of system monitoring, specifies management responsibility of each producer to itself product, and exploitation is special Centralized watch software, realize the running status to intelligent grid supporting system technology, safety protection equipment and power network shape Unified monitoring, the centralized management of state, optimize allocation of resources, concentrate Operation and Maintenance Center to build concentration O&M by access dispatching data network System so that each producer can carry out unification, the long-range dimension of timing to provincial and above intelligent grid supporting system technology Nurse makees, and saves the cost of maintenance work, mitigates the pressure of maintenance work human resources, improves the benefit of maintenance work, be each Level grid dispatching center provides more preferable professional service.

2nd, the technical indicator for concentrating operational system has been formulated;

3rd, concentration maintenance work is carried out by way of access dispatching data network, to concentrate operation and maintenance system construction to provide indispensability Technical foundation;

4th, by concentrating operational system uniformly to monitor that provincial and above operation of power networks state, system running state and safety are anti- Equipment running status are protected, O&M is formed mutually for relation with provincial and above control centre, strengthens network and system operation safety;

5th, the service data to intelligent grid supporting system technology and operation of power networks data are collected, arranged, being divided Analysis and statistics, to concentrate operational system to delimit monitoring scope and monitoring content;

6th, the engineering services team of tissue specialty, strengthens the communication between each producer with contacting, opens up new business Pattern, maintenance cost is reduced, is increased economic efficiency;

7th, strengthen contacting between O&M and scientific research, O&M and detection, O&M and each function of emulation, be scientific research, Software detection, l-G simulation test provide basic data;

8th, professional monitoring software is developed, the function of system monitoring is specified, specification maintenance work flow, is system safety operation Provide safeguard.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the monitoring method provided by the invention that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net;

Fig. 2 is software fault processing job order provided by the invention.

Embodiment

The embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

The flow chart of monitoring method provided by the invention based on dispatch data net concentration operational system is as shown in figure 1, bag Include following step:

(1)The technical indicator of operational system is formulated, index follows national grid《Electric power secondary system security protection totality side Case》The requirement of " security partitioning, network-specific, lateral isolation, longitudinal certification ";Access system quantity, information capacity, information are adopted Collect cycle, fault alarm time, system year availability progress clear stipulaties.

1)Support across security partitioning, the operation information in accessible I, II, III area;

2)The supporting system technology quantity at different levels of access are no less than 32;

3)The information point capacity of access is no less than 100,000;

4)It is not more than 30 seconds from the time of supporting system technology collection operation information;

5)Occur from supporting system technology safety protection equipment, data and application function abnormal to the alarm release time No more than 1 minute;

6)System year, availability was not less than 99.9%.

(2)The monitoring scope and content of operational system are determined, the monitoring scope and content of Operation and Maintenance Center is clearly concentrated, is formed The analytic statistics report of data is monitored, cooperation relation is established with each production firm, failure is focused in time.

The monitoring scope and content of operational system include:

<1>Abnormal information monitors:

Significant data does not change, is out-of-limit, saltus step, unusual fluctuations are monitored and alarmed;

<2>Technology support system operation monitoring:Server/work station operating mode in monitoring technology support system, network are set Standby situation communication port operating mode, main steps running situation, it is specific as follows:

A, node operating condition:Monitoring server, the cpu load of work station, internal memory service condition, disk space take Rate, database space occupancy, the alert when resource occupation exceedes regulation threshold value;

B, network operating mode:Net, the operation real time data of open operating system OMS web network equipments are carried out for dispatching data Automatic data collection, there is provided network equipment operating mode, Link State are monitored and alarmed, there is provided network topology monitors;

C, communication port operating mode:Computer communication link to accessing dispatch data net, the operating condition of special line passage enter Row monitoring, after exceeding schedule time fault time, is alarmed;

D, process operating mode:The application of intelligent grid supporting system technology, service and process are monitored and alarmed;

<3>Operation of power networks state:Monitored in real time including power network and automatically controlled with intelligent alarm, power network, be network analysis, online Security and stability analysis, water power and new energy monitoring analysis, operating analysis and evaluation and auxiliary monitoring;

<4>Security protection system:Horizontal physical isolation apparatus, longitudinal direction encryption authentication device, firewall system daily record are reported The hardware fault and operation problem of announcement;Anti-Virus, intruding detection system on-line operation situation.

(3)To the running status of intelligent grid supporting system technology, safety protection equipment and operation of power networks state pair Data are analyzed and integrated, the data type and data content clearly monitored, ensure that data can cover state comprehensively and adjust, divide and adjust And the running status for adjusting intelligent grid supporting system technologies at different levels is saved, fault warning, Calculation results, comprehensive statistics letter Breath.

Including:

1>Basic platform monitors:

Basic platform monitoring includes system data, the monitoring of the quality of data, the process of system and each application process monitoring pipe Reason, locally applied management, network management, resource monitoring, channel information and network state;

2>Application software monitors:

Application software monitoring includes state and adjusts, divides to reconcile to save and adjust the respective operation of power networks Stateful Inspection number of dispatch automated system According to, the statistic analysis result respectively applied, operating index monitor respectively;

The parameter of monitoring includes:

A, operation of power networks stable state monitors:

A.1 the parameter and index of each province's net SCADA monitoring, systematic parameter --- system frequency, system always generate electricity and system Total load;

A.2 state's straightening adjusting system parameter;

A.3 state adjusts extra-high voltage systematic parameter;

A.4 generation of electricity by new energy parameter;

A.5 transmission cross-section;

A.6 great Qu interconnections;

A.7 operation information;

A.8 extreme value trend;

A.9 pessimistic concurrency control fresh information in each province's collects;

B, operation of power networks dynamic surveillance:

B.1 low-frequency oscillation in-service monitoring;

B.2 grid-connected unit relates to net behavior on-line monitoring;

C, secondary device in-service monitoring and analysis:

C.1 equipment operation information, action message, wave-record chart and ranging information;

D, comprehensive intelligent analysis and alarm:

D.1 network analysis, the out-of-limit and unstability warning information of on-line security and stability analysis application are monitored;

D.2 operation of power networks steady state information and warning information are monitored;

D.3 operation of power networks multidate information and warning information are monitored;

D.4 static stability analysis, transient stability analysis, dynamic stability analysis, static voltage stability analysis function are monitored Warning information;

D.5 relay protection, automatic safety device action, failure wave-recording, fault localization information are monitored;

D.6 the monitoring regimen and new energy warning information of water power and new energy application are monitored;

D.7 the warning information of fired power generating unit comprehensive monitoring, technology support system operation and lightning monitoring is monitored;

E, water power and new energy:

E.1 reservoir practical operating conditionses and out-of-limit analysis, forecast and plan tracking are monitored, Statistical Comparison analysis result is provided;

E.2 reservoir water balance and reservoir operating index are monitored, operation trend analysis is provided by water utilities COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING function As a result;

E.3 water power operation trend warning information is monitored;

E.4 the weather information data such as the wind speed of monitoring wind park, wind direction, temperature, air pressure;

E.5 the service datas such as new energy electric field unit start-stop state, output are monitored;

E.6, new energy electric field operating analysis and Analysis of Policy Making are provided;

F, power network automatically controls:

F.1 the spare capacity of important generating set in Automatic Generation Control dispatcher-controlled territory is monitored;

F.2 power network busbar voltage, generator reactive, the electric network reactive-load trend of automatism voltage control function are monitored;

G, network analysis:

G.1 monitoring state estimation measures qualification rate;

G.2 the more limit information of N-1 equipment and circuit group is monitored;

G.3 calculation of short-circuit current fault message and rupturing capacity scanning result are monitored;

H, on-line security and stability analysis:

H.1 monitoring system steady stability power limit and quiet steady reserve message;

H.2 automatic safety device information is monitored;

H.3, Transient angle stability, Enhancement of Transient Voltage Stability and transient frequency stability assessment result are provided;

I, auxiliary monitoring:

I.1 the monitoring positioning of thunder and lightning;

I.2 the in-service monitoring of heat-engine plant desulfurized information, processing, calculating and analysis;

I.3 power supply and coal consumption of supplying power to thermal power generating unit is monitored on-line;

I.4 the weather information that power system needs is monitored.

(4)Determine the development plan of operational system monitoring software:

Operation and Maintenance Center needs to carry out the related research and development of software work of O&M, develops a set of operation maintenance and supports instrument, wherein Software application mainly include following six class:

1. basic platform services:

Daily record of work service, statistical report form service are provided, daily record and form export can upload and be handed down to power networks at different levels Dispatching automation is specialized in, and is adjusted for state, a point mediation saves to adjust and provides attended operation information and statistic analysis result.

2. system operation monitors:

Realize and the intelligent grid supporting system technology platform adjusted and adopting using operation information are saved to state's tune, point mediation Collection, and by the automatic diagnostic analysis system mode of operation information, auto-alarming is realized to abnormality.

Operation and Maintenance Center needs monitored systemic-function can be with normal operation, so that Operation and Maintenance Center is acquired and is handled.

3. maintaining information management:

Operation and Maintenance Center should information be stored and analyzed, it is necessary to be equipped with perfect Database Systems, in fact to important safeguarding The now centralized management to software issue and program management.

The relevant information of each producer is established in Database Systems, related answer can be timely and accurately contacted when going wrong Director.And problem and disposition are recorded, it is easy to inquiry and statistical analysis.

Program management instrument is developed, the formulation of prediction scheme and execution is reached standardization, visualization, intelligent, lifting O&M The ability of center processing burst System failure.

4. maintenance work station popular software:

Prevent including conventional telnet, documents editing software, file transmitting software, checking and killing virus and network security Protect software;Simultaneously, it is necessary to develop conventional maintenance and management instrument, maintain easily personnel and carry out remote maintenance work, protect simultaneously Demonstrate,prove the safety of O&M environment with it is reliable.

5. tour sheet system:

Tour sheet system can record each details using electric network fault, be divided into daily timing inspection information, event Barrier processing information and producer safeguard the part content of information three.

Daily timing inspection information is mainly for hardware setting, it is desirable to the temperature of person on duty's timed patrol Operation and Maintenance Center computer room Degree, humidity and fireproofing, check whether work station and network equipment working are normal, fill in inspection information on time.

Fault handling information is directed to application software, and some application software of certain system goes wrong during monitoring, needs The detailed description of the problem is filled in, and submits Operation and Maintenance Center chief leading cadre, is handled as the case may be by director.

Producer safeguards that information is the relevant issues for handling certain system software by Telnet in Operation and Maintenance Center, wraps The detailed description of the operations such as renewal to software, regular maintenance, troubleshooting is included, is safeguarded for software version and question of liability retrospect Foundation is provided.

6. O&M information visualization overview display:

Using visualization technique, the various data messages at operation maintenance center are subjected to overview display, and operation dimension is provided Pillar is managed and the interactive interface that uses of work, makes management, operation and maintenance that operation maintenance works directly perceived, conveniently, improves O&M The operating efficiency at center.Software fault processing job order provided by the invention is as shown in Figure 2.

(5)Implement operational system monitoring scheme, comprise the steps:

(One)Giant-screen centralized control system is built, split screen display available state adjusts, a point mediation saves the system running state adjusted, and is easy to Attendant concentrates putting maintenance into practice to work.

(Two)By developing comprehensive speciality monitoring software system, to intelligent grid supporting system technology equipment and data Carry out real time on-line monitoring, the logical software and hardware situation that can monitor automation systems for the power network dispatching at different levels simultaneously.

(Three)Operation and Maintenance Center is monitored, correction data by Telnet to the running status of various regions system and equipment Change, find the various problems that occur of intelligent grid supporting system technology in time.

(Four)Each producer professional is concentrated, sets up the operation maintenance team of specialty, there is provided the maintenance workers on duty of 24 hours Make.

(Five)Operator on duty's timing inspection local hardware security situation of Operation and Maintenance Center is simultaneously regularly in tour sheet system Recorded.

(Six)Failure is alerted for the failure problems occurred in system operation..

(Seven)To using software fault, being recorded in detail on request in tour sheet system in time, and notify that this is The automation of system is full-time, while contacts producer and carry out remote maintenance in Operation and Maintenance Center, and completes to safeguard in tour sheet system Record, troubleshooting result is circulated a notice of to automation systems for the power network dispatching at different levels.

(Eight)The significant problem occurred to software in the significant problem and system operation that are monitored in operation of power networks, and Shi Qiyun emergency preplans, while capable circular is transferred in point tune of state's harmonic correlation or province in time, quickly opened up concentrating Operation and Maintenance Center Kaiyuan City's journey maintenance work.

(Nine)The log services function of being provided by basic platform, can be by will to the fault handling information in tour sheet Derivation goes out to inspection center and its software development producer, and reliable basis are provided for system maintenance, is that the progress of scientific research technology is developed Basic data and historical record are provided.

(Ten)The report capability provided by basic platform, can determine the result of calculation, assessment result, auxiliary of each application Plan information, accident analysis export form, is uploaded to power network schedule automation departments at different levels.

The invention provides a kind of monitoring method that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net, access dispatching can be passed through The mode of data network Telnet is locally realized first in Operation and Maintenance Center to be adjusted to state, divides mediation provincial intelligent grid dispatching technique branch Hold the concentration maintenance work of system.Concentrate operational system to be mainly responsible for collection state to adjust, divide and adjust and save the system running state adjusted, peace The running status and operation of power networks state of full protection equipment, this method are real by the Classifying Sum to monitoring data, comprehensive analysis Now to provincial and above intelligent grid supporting system technology operating condition, safety protection equipment and operation of power networks state Unified monitoring and fault warning, by developing unified management of the professional monitoring software completion to Operation and Maintenance Center line service.

The present invention is realized to provincial and above intelligent grid supporting system technology soft and hardware centralized watch, concentrated Safeguard, centralized management;Efficient remote maintenance technological means is provided, assists provincial and above dispatching automation department quickly to examine Disconnected, the exception and failure of processing system application software;The linkage interface with manufacturer, scientific research institution and inspection center is established, Technical support is provided for scientific research and development, l-G simulation test and system detectio;Producer's transverse linkage mechanism is established, has highlighted collection significantly The superiority of middle operational system emergency response, formed with provincial and above dispatching automation department maintenance work and link, be mutually standby Relation.

Meanwhile strengthen the unified operation management of intelligent grid supporting system technology, specification supporting system technology Maintenance work flow, supporting system technology safe and reliable operation is ensured, improve supporting system technology entirety O&M water It is flat, system operation problem is found in time, influence caused by reduction problem, more preferable O&M is provided for provincial and above control centre Technological service.

Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical scheme of the present invention and are not intended to be limiting thereof, to the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to above-described embodiment for pipe, those of ordinary skills in the art should understand that:Still The embodiment of the present invention can be modified or equivalent substitution, and without departing from any of spirit and scope of the invention Modification or equivalent substitution, it all should cover among scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of monitoring method that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net, it is characterised in that methods described includes following steps Suddenly:
(1) technical indicator of operational system is formulated;
(2) the monitoring scope and content of operational system are determined;
(3) according to the running status of intelligent grid supporting system technology, safety protection equipment and operation of power networks state logarithm According to being analyzed and being integrated, the data type and data content that clearly monitor;
(4) development plan of operational system monitoring software is determined;
(5) operational system monitoring scheme is implemented;
In the step (2), the monitoring scope and content of operational system include:
<1>Abnormal information monitors:
Data do not change, are out-of-limit, saltus step and unusual fluctuations are monitored and alarmed;
<2>Technology support system operation monitoring:
A, node operating condition:Monitoring server, the cpu load of work station, internal memory service condition, disk space occupancy, number According to storehouse space occupancy rate, the alert when resource occupation exceedes regulation threshold value;
B, network operating mode:Net, the operation real time data of open operating system OMS web network equipments are carried out automatic for dispatching data Collection, there is provided network equipment operating mode, Link State are monitored and alarmed, there is provided network topology monitors;
C, communication port operating mode:Computer communication link to accessing dispatch data net, the operating condition of special line passage are supervised Depending on after exceeding schedule time fault time, being alarmed;
D, process operating mode:Application, service and process to intelligent grid supporting system technology are monitored and alarmed;
<3>Operation of power networks state:Monitored in real time including power network with intelligent alarm, power network automatically control, network analysis, safety on line Stability analysis, water power and new energy monitoring analysis, operating analysis and evaluation and auxiliary monitoring;
<4>Security protection system:Horizontal physical isolation apparatus, longitudinal direction encryption authentication device, firewall system daily record are reported Hardware fault and operation problem;Anti-Virus, intruding detection system on-line operation situation;
In the step (4), the development plan of operational system monitoring software includes:
1. basic platform services:
Daily record of work service is provided, statistical report form service, daily record and form export uploads and to be handed down to dispatchings of power netwoks at different levels automatic Change specific responsibility, adjusted for state, a point mediation saves to adjust and provides attended operation information and statistic analysis result;
2. system operation monitors;
3. maintaining information management;
4. the conventional application in maintenance work station:
Including telnet, documents editing software, file transmitting software, checking and killing virus and network safety prevention software;
5. tour sheet system:
Tour sheet system records each details using electric network fault, is divided into daily timing inspection information, troubleshooting letter Breath and producer safeguard information;
6. O&M information visualization overview display;
In the step (5), implementing operational system monitoring scheme includes:
(1) giant-screen centralized control system is built, split screen display available state adjusts, point mediation saves the intelligent grid dispatching technique adjusted and supported The running status of system;
(2) by developing monitoring software, equipment and data to operation of power networks carry out real time on-line monitoring, while monitor at different levels The running situation of the software and hardware of automation system for the power network dispatching;
(3) Operation and Maintenance Center is monitored, the change of correction data by Telnet to the running status of various regions system and equipment Change, find the various problems that intelligent grid supporting system technology occurs in time;
(4) maintenance work on duty of 24 hours is provided;
(5) simultaneously timing is carried out operator on duty's timing inspection local hardware security situation of Operation and Maintenance Center in tour sheet system Record;
(6) failure problems occurred in system operation are directed to alert failure;
(7) to using software fault, being recorded in detail on request in tour sheet system in time, and notify the system Automation is full-time, while contacts producer and carry out remote maintenance in Operation and Maintenance Center, and maintenance record is completed in tour sheet system, Troubleshooting result is circulated a notice of to power network schedule automation departments at different levels;
(8) significant problem occurred to soft and hardware in the significant problem and system operation that are monitored in operation of power networks, and Shi Qidong emergency preplans, while capable circular is transferred in point tune of state's harmonic correlation or province in time, concentrating, Operation and Maintenance Center expansion is remote Journey maintenance work;
(9) the log services function of being provided by basic platform is notified to respectively in time to the fault handling information in tour sheet Level power network schedule automation department;
(10) by basic platform provide report capability, by the result of calculation of each application, assessment result, decision-making assistant information and Accident analysis exports form, is uploaded to power network schedule automation departments at different levels;
In the step (1), the technical indicator follows《Electric power secondary system security protection overall plan》" security partitioning, net Network is special, lateral isolation, longitudinal certification " requirement;To access system quantity, information capacity, information gathering cycle, fault alarm Time and system year availability carry out clear stipulaties, as follows:
1) support across security partitioning, the operation information in accessible I, II, III area;
2) the supporting system technology quantity at different levels of access are no less than 32;
3) the information point capacity of access is no less than 100,000;
4) it is not more than 30 seconds from the time of supporting system technology collection operation information;
5) occur from supporting system technology safety protection equipment, data and application function abnormal little to the alarm release time In 1 minute;
6) system year availability is not less than 99.9%.
2. monitoring method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that in the step (3), the intelligent grid dispatching technique The running status of support system, the data cover state tune of safety protection equipment and operation of power networks state, point tune and province adjust power network tune Running status, fault warning, Calculation results and the comprehensive statistics information of automated system are spent, including:
1>Basic platform monitors:
Basic platform monitoring includes system data, and the monitoring of the quality of data, the process of system and the monitoring of each application process manage, this Ground application management, network management, resource monitoring, channel information and network state;
2>Application software monitors:
Application software monitoring includes state's tune, a point mediation province adjusts the respective operation of power networks Stateful Inspection data of dispatch automated system, The statistic analysis result respectively applied, operating index monitor respectively;
The parameter of monitoring includes:
A, operation of power networks stable state monitors:
A.1 the parameter and index of each province's net SCADA monitoring, systematic parameter --- system frequency, system are always generated electricity and system is always born Lotus;
A.2 state's straightening adjusting system parameter;
A.3 state adjusts extra-high voltage systematic parameter;
A.4 generation of electricity by new energy parameter;
A.5 transmission cross-section;
A.6 great Qu interconnections;
A.7 operation information;
A.8 extreme value trend;
A.9 pessimistic concurrency control fresh information in each province's collects;
B, operation of power networks dynamic surveillance:
B.1 low-frequency oscillation in-service monitoring;
B.2 grid-connected unit relates to net behavior on-line monitoring;
C, secondary device in-service monitoring and analysis:
C.1 equipment operation information, action message, wave-record chart and ranging information;
D, comprehensive intelligent analysis and alarm:
D.1 network analysis, the out-of-limit and unstability warning information of on-line security and stability analysis application are monitored;
D.2 operation of power networks steady state information and warning information are monitored;
D.3 operation of power networks multidate information and warning information are monitored;
D.4 the early warning of static stability analysis, transient stability analysis, dynamic stability analysis, static voltage stability analysis function is monitored Information;
D.5 relay protection, automatic safety device action, failure wave-recording, fault localization information are monitored;
D.6 the monitoring regimen and new energy warning information of water power and new energy application are monitored;
D.7 the warning information of fired power generating unit comprehensive monitoring, technology support system operation and lightning monitoring is monitored;
E, water power and new energy:
E.1 reservoir practical operating conditionses and out-of-limit analysis, forecast and plan tracking are monitored, Statistical Comparison analysis result is provided;
E.2 reservoir water balance and reservoir operating index are monitored, operation trend analysis result is provided by water utilities COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING function;
E.3 water power operation trend warning information is monitored;
E.4 wind speed, wind direction, temperature, the air pressure weather information data of wind park are monitored;
E.5 new energy electric field unit start-stop state, output service data are monitored;
E.6, new energy electric field operating analysis and Analysis of Policy Making are provided;
F, power network automatically controls:
F.1 the spare capacity of important generating set in Automatic Generation Control dispatcher-controlled territory is monitored;
F.2 power network busbar voltage, generator reactive, the electric network reactive-load trend of automatism voltage control function are monitored;
G, network analysis:
G.1 monitoring state estimation measures qualification rate;
G.2 the more limit information of N-1 equipment and circuit group is monitored;
G.3 calculation of short-circuit current fault message and rupturing capacity scanning result are monitored;
H, on-line security and stability analysis:
H.1 monitoring system steady stability power limit and quiet steady reserve message;
H.2 automatic safety device information is monitored;
H.3, Transient angle stability, Enhancement of Transient Voltage Stability and transient frequency stability assessment result are provided;
I, auxiliary monitoring:
I.1 the monitoring positioning of thunder and lightning;
I.2 the in-service monitoring of heat-engine plant desulfurized information, processing, calculating and analysis;
I.3 power supply and coal consumption of supplying power to thermal power generating unit is monitored on-line;
I.4 the weather information that power system needs is monitored.
CN201310199187.8A 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 A kind of monitoring method that operational system is concentrated based on dispatch data net CN104182902B (en)

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