CN104153965A - Connecting rod type coplanar compressor with multiple cylinders and cam combined with bearing - Google Patents

Connecting rod type coplanar compressor with multiple cylinders and cam combined with bearing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104153965A
CN104153965A CN201410189526.9A CN201410189526A CN104153965A CN 104153965 A CN104153965 A CN 104153965A CN 201410189526 A CN201410189526 A CN 201410189526A CN 104153965 A CN104153965 A CN 104153965A
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China
Prior art keywords
compressor
cam
piston
bearing
cylinder
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Pending
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CN201410189526.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王彦彬
田长乐
陈伟强
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王彦彬
田长乐
陈伟强
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Application filed by 王彦彬, 田长乐, 陈伟强 filed Critical 王彦彬
Priority to CN201410189526.9A priority Critical patent/CN104153965A/en
Publication of CN104153965A publication Critical patent/CN104153965A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a connecting rod type coplanar compressor with multiple cylinders and a cam combined with a bearing. The connecting rod type coplanar compressor is mainly composed of a spindle (1) with the eccentric cam, a compressor main cylinder body (2), an air cylinder body (3), an air cylinder cover (4), air inlet and exhaust holes (5), air inlet and exhaust diaphragms (6), combined pistons (7), piston connecting rods (8), piston connecting rod pin shafts (9), the bearing (10), piston rings (11), a pulley (12) with a groove, external air inlet and exhaust valves (13) and the like. When the spindle with the eccentric cam rotates, the bearing fixedly arranged on the cam in a sleeved mode enable the pulley with the groove to eccentrically move, the bearing is sleeved with the pulley, the combined pistons are compressed and stretch on the same plane at the same time through the piston connecting rods, and reciprocating circulation is completed by opening and closing the air inlet and exhaust diaphragms in the air cylinder cover. Input air and exhausted air of various stages of compression cavities are communicated, and the air inlet and exhaust amount is adjusted through the external air inlet and exhaust valves. According to the connecting rod type coplanar compressor, the size of the compressor can be effectively reduced, the weight of the compressor is reduced, minimization and portability of the compressor are achieved, the efficiency of the compressor is improved, and meanwhile the compressor is convenient to manufacture and saves materials and cost.

Description

Multi-cylinder and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor
Technical field
The present invention relates to machinery manufacturing technology field, a kind of multi-cylinder of specific finger and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor.
Background technique
Compressor is that one is widely used, again the and general machinery equipment that play a significant role closely related with the every field of modern industry and life.Compressor can be used for refrigeration, motor, gas conveying, chemical process, machine-building and almost each need to carry or use the place of pressurized gas.Conventional air compressor is mainly piston type air compressor and screw air compressor at present, although these two kinds of compressors respectively have advantage, also all has certain deficiency.Such as, piston type air compressor is mainly to utilize rotatablely moving of bent axle, drives piston linear reciprocating motion to compress gas gas in the jar, the large and less stable of bearing shell and piston friction noise; The engaging friction of screw compressor cylinder internal rotor, rotational velocity is fast, heating value is large, not only require the wear resistance of material very high, and also need when in use a large amount of cutting oils, so finally also need to carry out Oil-gas Separation, therefore cause that screw compressor energy consumption is high, cost is higher, the difficulty of complicated operation, maintenance and maintenance is larger.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to design and manufacture multi-cylinder and cam and the bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor of a kind of easy to operate, reliable operation, efficient energy-saving.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of multi-cylinder and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, and it is mainly made up of the main shaft 1 with eccentric cam, compressor Master cylinder body 2, cylinder block 3, cylinder head 4, port 5, intake and exhaust diaphragm 6, combined piston 7, piston rod 8, piston rod bearing pin 9, bearing 10, piston ring 11, pulley 12, external air inlet and exhaust valve 13 etc. with groove; In the time that the main shaft 1 with eccentric cam rotates, the bearing 10 of fixed cover on spindle cam impels the pulley with groove 12 being enclosed within outside it that eccentric motion occurs, in each cylinder, pass through piston rod 8 together with combined piston 7 isoplanars compressing and stretching step by step, by the keying of the intake and exhaust diaphragm 6 in cylinder head 4, complete a reciprocation cycle; Compression chamber intake and exhaust at different levels communicate, and carry out intake and exhaust amount size adjustment by external air inlet and exhaust valve 13.
The main shaft with eccentric cam 1 of a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the cam on the main shaft 1 with eccentric cam is directly made on main shaft, also can be enclosed within on main shaft and closely fixedly form by eccentric cam alone.
The Master cylinder body 2 of a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: it is main support and the mounting structure of compressor, for cylinder block 3, cylinder head 4, main shaft 1, combined piston 7 etc. with eccentric cam provide installing space; In the time that cylinder block 3, the main shaft 1 with eccentric cam, combined piston 7 are arranged on Master cylinder body 2, must ensure that three's longitudinal center line coincidence is one; Master cylinder body 2 can be a cylinder block, also can be the series connection of multiple cylinder block and inlays and combine, and shares the main shaft 1 having with eccentric cam.
The cylinder block 3 of a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the size specification of cylinder block is suitable with combined piston 7, be the main movement place of combined piston 7, its internal surface contacting with piston 7 must smooth abrasion-proof.
The cylinder head 4 of a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, is characterized in that: cylinder head is made up of upper and lower two-part, and has screw to be connected with the Master cylinder body 2 of compressor; On it, part cavity is separated into again two chambeies, and each chamber side is provided with a hole, is respectively inlet hole or exhaust port in port 5; Its underpart is the dividing plate that can cover part cavity, two holes that dividing plate both sides and top two cavity interpositions install, and cover the relative edge in two holes with two air film sheets, two air film sheets are respectively air inlet diaphragm or the exhaust diaphragm in intake and exhaust diaphragm 6.
The combined piston 7 of a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: it is made up of piston structure main body and piston clamp ring, connect piston ring 11 being clipped in the middle of piston tightly by screw, and make piston ring and cylinder block 3 close close fit.
The piston rod 8 of a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: piston rod 8 tops are connected by screw with combined piston 7, piston rod 8 ends are provided with pin joint hole and are convenient to be connected with the pin joint hole tabling bearing pin on pulley 12 with groove; Piston rod 8 ends also can be set to be inlaid with the pin joint hole of suitable bearings, after making that itself and pin joint hole on pulley 12 with groove are chimeric and being connected with bearing pin, avoid the rigidity friction between the two.
The piston ring 11 of a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: piston ring is made up of wear-resisting nonmetallic material, its shape specification can be determined according to the internal diameter size of the shape specification of combined piston 7 and cylinder block 3.
The pulley with groove 12 of a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: what the pulley 12 with groove was symmetrical at groove position is manufactured with pin joint hole, the pin joint hole tabling bearing pin of being convenient to the 8 end settings of its piston rod connects.
The bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor of intake and exhaust diaphragm 6 adopt with to(for) a kind of multi-cylinder of the present invention and cam, piston rod 8 ends and pulley 12 with groove be chimeric be connected use bearing pin 9, be tightly placed in bearing 10, external air inlet and exhaust valve 13 etc. outside cam, existing quite ripe manufacturing technology and product can be for selecting at present, and the present invention does not separately add discussion explanation.
Adopt device of the present invention, bearing 10 fixed covers are on spindle cam, and its overcoat has the pulley 12 with groove, piston rod 8 ends and chimeric connection of pulley 12 with groove, and top is connected by screw with combined piston 7; In the time that the main shaft 1 with eccentric cam rotates, pulley 12 by the actuated by cams band groove on the main shaft 1 with eccentric cam does eccentric motion, in each cylinder, pass through piston rod 8 together with combined piston 7 isoplanars compressing and stretching step by step, by the keying of the intake and exhaust diaphragm 6 in cylinder head 4, complete a reciprocation cycle motion; The work of compressor continous-stable, reduces largely the noise that compressor produces, and can carry out multistage compression at the multiple cylinders of same plane device; Meanwhile, adopt this kind of device not only can improve the efficiency of compressor, and effectively reduce the volume of compressor, compressor weight is alleviated.
Brief description of the drawings
The principle schematic that accompanying drawing 1 is example of the present invention.
The principle schematic that accompanying drawing 2 is example drive part of the present invention.
In accompanying drawing 1 for main shaft with eccentric cam, 2 for compressor Master cylinder body, 3 for cylinder block, 4 for cylinder head, 5 for port, 6 for intake and exhaust diaphragm, 7 for combined piston, 8 for piston rod, 9 for piston rod bearing pin, 10 for bearing, 11 for piston ring, 12 for the pulley, 13 with groove be external air inlet and exhaust valve.
Embodiment
See accompanying drawing 1,2, this is example of the present invention---four cylinder cams and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor.It is mainly made up of the main shaft 1 with eccentric cam, compressor Master cylinder body 2, cylinder block 3, cylinder head 4, port 5, intake and exhaust diaphragm 6, combined piston 7, piston rod 8, piston rod bearing pin 9, bearing 10, piston ring 11, pulley 12, external air inlet and exhaust valve 13 etc. with groove.In the time that the main shaft 1 of driven by motor band eccentric cam rotates, the pulley 12 that is fixed on the actuated by cams band groove on axle makees each piston rod 8 that eccentric motion connects with the pin-and-hole tabling bearing pin on pulley 12 with groove simultaneously and orders about isoplanar compressing and stretching step by step together with the connected combined piston 7 in each cylinder, by the keying of the intake and exhaust diaphragm 6 in cylinder head 4, complete a reciprocation cycle motion, be in conplane four cylinders compressing and stretching step by step, air inlet diaphragm is opened, exhaust diaphragm is closed, air is inhaled in cylinder block 3 by inlet hole, in the time that the volume of cylinder block 3 reaches maximum, air inlet diaphragm is closed, combined piston 7 starts the gas in cylinder block 3 to compress, until the volume of cylinder block 3 reaches minimum, now, exhaust diaphragm is opened, gas after compressed is discharged by exhaust port, according to the actual requirements, enter next cylinder by external air inlet and exhaust valve 13 and repeat above process, realize isoplanar multi-cylinder combination compression, until meet or exceed needed pressure, compressed gas just starts application, also can according to the actual requirements, carry out intake and exhaust amount size adjustment by external air inlet and exhaust valve 13.
The air compression method uniqueness that the present invention adopts, can solve the shortcoming of existing various compressors, improves the efficiency of compressor.Not only can effectively make the volume of compressor reduce by the present invention, weight saving, realizes miniaturization, the portability of compressor, and easily manufactured saving material, cost-saving simultaneously.

Claims (9)

1. a multi-cylinder and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is simple in structure, easy to operate, reliable operation, efficient energy-saving; It is mainly made up of the main shaft with eccentric cam (1), compressor Master cylinder body (2), cylinder block (3), cylinder head (4), port (5), intake and exhaust diaphragm (6), combined piston (7), piston rod (8), piston rod bearing pin (9), bearing (10), piston ring (11), the pulley (12) with groove, external air inlet and exhaust valve (13); Bearing (10) fixed cover is on spindle cam, its overcoat has the pulley (12) with groove, piston rod (8) end and chimeric connection of pulley (12) with groove, top is connected by screw with combined piston (7); In the time that the main shaft with eccentric cam (1) rotates, the bearing (10) of fixed cover on spindle cam impels the pulley with groove (12) being enclosed within outside it that eccentric motion occurs, in each cylinder, pass through piston rod (8) together with combined piston (7) isoplanar compressing and stretching step by step, by the keying of the intake and exhaust diaphragm (6) in cylinder head (4), complete a reciprocation cycle; Compression chamber intake and exhaust at different levels communicate, and carry out intake and exhaust amount size adjustment by external air inlet and exhaust valve (13).
2. a kind of multi-cylinder according to claim 1 and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the cam on the main shaft with eccentric cam (1) described in it is directly made on main shaft, also can be enclosed within on main shaft and closely fixedly form by eccentric cam alone.
3. a kind of multi-cylinder according to claim 1 and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the Master cylinder body (2) described in it is main support and the mounting structure of compressor, for cylinder block (3), cylinder head (4), main shaft (1), combined piston (7) etc. with eccentric cam provide installing space; In the time that cylinder block (3), the main shaft (1) with eccentric cam, combined piston (7) are arranged on Master cylinder body (2), must ensure that three's longitudinal center line coincidence is one; Master cylinder body (2) can be a cylinder block, also can be the series connection of multiple cylinder block and inlays and combine, and shares the main shaft (1) having with eccentric cam.
4. a kind of multi-cylinder according to claim 1 and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the size specification of the cylinder block (3) described in it is suitable with combined piston (7), be the main movement place of combined piston (7), its internal surface contacting with combined piston (7) must smooth abrasion-proof.
5. a kind of multi-cylinder according to claim 1 and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the cylinder head (4) described in it is made up of upper and lower two-part, and have screw to be connected with the Master cylinder body (2) of compressor; On it, part cavity is separated into again two chambeies, and each chamber side is provided with a hole, is respectively inlet hole or exhaust port in port (5); Its underpart is the dividing plate that can cover part cavity, dividing plate both sides are corresponding with two cavity neutral positions, top is provided with two holes, and covering the relative edge in two holes with two air film sheets, two air film sheets are respectively air inlet diaphragm or the exhaust diaphragm in intake and exhaust diaphragm (6).
6. a kind of multi-cylinder according to claim 1 and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the combined piston (7) described in it is made up of piston structure main body and piston clamp ring, connect piston ring (11) being clipped in the middle of piston tightly by screw, and make piston ring and airtight cooperation of cylinder block (3).
7. a kind of multi-cylinder according to claim 1 and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the piston rod (8) described in it, its top is connected by screw with combined piston (7), and piston rod (8) end is provided with pin joint hole and is convenient to be connected with the pin joint hole tabling bearing pin on pulley (12) with groove; Piston rod (8) end also can be set to be inlaid with the pin joint hole of suitable bearings, after making that itself and pin-and-hole on pulley (12) with groove are chimeric and being connected with bearing pin, avoids the rigidity friction between the two.
8. a kind of multi-cylinder according to claim 1 and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the piston ring (11) described in it is made up of wear-resisting nonmetallic material, its shape specification can be determined according to the internal diameter size of the shape specification of combined piston (7) and cylinder block (3).
9. a kind of multi-cylinder according to claim 1 and cam and bearing combination linkage type isoplanar compressor, it is characterized in that: the pulley with groove (12) described in it, the symmetrical pin joint hole that is manufactured with at its groove position, the pin joint hole tabling bearing pin of being convenient to its piston rod (8) end setting connects.
CN201410189526.9A 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Connecting rod type coplanar compressor with multiple cylinders and cam combined with bearing Pending CN104153965A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410189526.9A CN104153965A (en) 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Connecting rod type coplanar compressor with multiple cylinders and cam combined with bearing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410189526.9A CN104153965A (en) 2014-04-29 2014-04-29 Connecting rod type coplanar compressor with multiple cylinders and cam combined with bearing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104153965A true CN104153965A (en) 2014-11-19

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104481837A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-01 王彦彬 Compressor with coplanar symmetric pistons connected with each other by concave plates with guide grooves
CN113390197A (en) * 2021-05-21 2021-09-14 武汉高芯科技有限公司 Ultra-micro rotary integrated Stirling refrigerator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104481837A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-01 王彦彬 Compressor with coplanar symmetric pistons connected with each other by concave plates with guide grooves
CN104481837B (en) * 2014-11-27 2018-08-07 王彦彬 Coplanar symmetrical piston is by the compressor that is connected with guide groove notch board
CN113390197A (en) * 2021-05-21 2021-09-14 武汉高芯科技有限公司 Ultra-micro rotary integrated Stirling refrigerator

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Application publication date: 20141119