CN1041349C - Calibration method and device of sighting device - Google Patents

Calibration method and device of sighting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1041349C
CN1041349C CN 94101246 CN94101246A CN1041349C CN 1041349 C CN1041349 C CN 1041349C CN 94101246 CN94101246 CN 94101246 CN 94101246 A CN94101246 A CN 94101246A CN 1041349 C CN1041349 C CN 1041349C
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CN
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Prior art keywords
calibration
barrel
provided
characterized
sight
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CN 94101246
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1106134A (en )
Inventor
刘康
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湖北长江光电仪器厂
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41GWEAPON SIGHTS; AIMING
    • F41G1/00Sighting devices
    • F41G1/54Devices for testing or checking ; Tools for adjustment of sights

Abstract

本发明涉及一种适于与射击型武器配置使用的瞄准具的校准方法及装置,它采用一个与瞄准具相配置且设有校准标志的平行光管装置,提供一个通过瞄准具可见的成像于目标处并与目标的相对位置保持不变的校准标志,作为校准基准点,以该基准点瞄准射击后,保持该瞄准关系不变,调整瞄准具,使瞄准标志与弹着点重合,即能快速有效地完成校准任务。 The present invention relates to a calibration method and a device suitable for use with a fire weapon sights configuration, which uses a collimator means and arranged and provided with a calibration sight flag, is visible through a sight is imaged and holding at the target position of the object relative to the same alignment mark, as the calibration reference point, the reference point after the target to shoot, the same relationship holds the aiming adjusting sight, the aiming mark coincides with the point of impact, i.e., quickly and efficiently complete calibration tasks. 本发明不仅使用方法十分简便,而且能显著提高瞄准具的校准效率和精度。 The present invention is not only very simple to use, and can significantly improve the efficiency and accuracy of the calibration sight.

Description

一种瞄准具校准方法及装置 A calibration method and apparatus sights

本发明涉及一种适于与射击型武器配置使用的瞄准具的校准方法及装置。 The present invention relates to a calibration method and device adapted to fire the weapon sight configuration used.

对于射击类武器,配置瞄准具,如光学瞄准镜后,需要进行协调和校准,使射击的弹着点和瞄准点相重合,才能提高武器的瞄准精度和射击命中率。 For shooting weapon sight configuration, such as the optical sight, the need for coordination and calibrated so that the point of impact and target shooting points coincide, in order to improve the accuracy of aiming and firing the weapon hit rate. 公知的瞄准具校准方法有实弹校准和冷校两种。 Sight known calibration method has two kinds of ammunition calibration and cold correction. 实弹校准需要具有经验的射手操作,经过试射、观察弹着点、估计偏差和调整瞄准具,反复多次才能完成瞄准具的校准任务。 Calibration live ammunition shooter needs to have an experienced operator, after tests, observation point of impact, and estimated bias adjustment sight, repeated several times to complete the sight of calibration tasks. 冷校即通过校准镜来校准,现有的校准镜以枪镗来定位,给瞄准具提供了一个间接的校准基准,由于定位基准经过了几次的传递,易于出现较大的积累误差,因此,校准的精度较差,且很难一次校准。 I.e. cold correction mirror be calibrated by the calibration, the calibration mirror is conventional to locate the gun bore, to provide a sight indirect calibration standards, since the positioning reference after passing several times, are prone to large errors accumulate, so poor accuracy of the calibration, and a calibration difficult.

本发明的目的在于提供一种简便的瞄准具校准方法及装置,它能快速有效地完成瞄准具的校准任务。 Object of the present invention is to provide a simple method and apparatus for calibration of sight, the sight can complete calibration task quickly and efficiently.

实现本发明目的的校准方法为:采用一个与瞄准具相配置且设有校准标志的平行光管装置,它与武器固联并相对静止,提供一个通过瞄准具可见的成像于目标处并与目标的相对位置保持不变的校准标志,作为校准基准点,以校准标志瞄准某点试射后,仍将校准标志瞄准该点,同时调整瞄准具,使瞄准标志与弹着点重合。 The calibration method of the present invention to achieve the object of: using a configuration with the alignment mark of the sight and is provided with a collimator device which is fixedly connected with the arms and relatively stationary, are visible through a sight at the target and imaging the target after the relative position of the alignment mark remains unchanged, as the calibration reference point to a point tests aiming alignment mark, the alignment mark will the aiming point, while adjusting sight, the aiming mark coincides with the point of impact.

实现上述校准方法的装置为一平行光管装置,它具有镜筒2,镜筒内设置有析光镜和与其相配置并设有校准标志9的分划板4,构成具有校准标志的平行光管光学系统。 Means to achieve the above calibration method for a collimator means having a lens barrel 2, the barrel is provided with a light microscope analysis and configuration thereto and a reticle alignment mark 4 9, constituting the alignment mark has a parallel light tube optical system.

按上述方案在镜筒上还设有一夹紧装置。 In the embodiment described above also has a barrel gripping device.

本发明的使用过程如下:1、将瞄准具和武器固联,2、将平行光管与武器或瞄准具相固联,通过瞄准具可看到平行光管提供的成像于目标处的校准标志,3、通过瞄准具用平行光管提供的校准标志瞄准靶子上某点试射几发子弹,4、保持武器与目标相对位置不变,即仍由校准标志瞄准靶子上的某点,同时通过瞄准具上的校准装置,调整瞄准具的瞄准标志10中心与弹着点11散布中心相重合,即可完成瞄准具的校准,如图4、5、6所示,若通过瞄准具看不清弹着点,可将弹着点着色加大直至可见。 Using the process of the present invention is as follows: 1, the weapon sight and fixedly connected, 2, the collimator sights or weapons fixedly associated, can be seen through the sight imaging collimator alignment mark provided at a target 3, the alignment mark through the sights of the light pipe provided with parallel tests aimed at a target point on a few rounds of ammunition, four, arms holding the same relative position to the target, i.e., a point still aiming mark on the calibration target, by simultaneously alignment means on sight, the aiming adjustment mark 10 of the sight center of the impact point 11 coincides with the center spread, to complete the calibration sight, as shown in FIG 4, 5, when the point of impact by sight see, coloring can be increased up to the point of impact is visible. 尔后可用瞄准标志验射,若有误差可适量微调,可以校准,校准完毕便可根据情况卸下平行光管装置。 Thereafter the available radio test aiming mark, trimming may be appropriate if the error can be calibrated, the calibration is completed can remove the collimator device according to the situation. 本发明只是在原武器和瞄准系统中增设一可装卸的平行光管装置,其结构十分简单,它将成象于目标距离上的校准标志通过析光镜1反射入瞄准具中,并能在瞄准具中直接地观察到,因此操作使用十分简便,在短时间内,只需花费几发子弹,便能快速和有效地完成校准任务,与现有传统的校准方法相比,本发明不仅使用方法十分简便,而且能显著提高瞄准具的校准效率及精度。 The present invention only in the additional primary weapon aiming system and the parallel light pipe means a detachable, its structure is very simple, it is imaged alignment mark on the target distance by reflecting light microscopy analysis of the sight, and the sight can directly observed, so the operation is very simple to use in a short time, only takes a few rounds, be able to complete the calibration tasks quickly and efficiently, as compared to existing conventional calibration methods, the present invention is to use only simple, but also significantly improve the efficiency and accuracy of the calibration sight.

图1为本发明平行光管装置一个实施例的正视全剖图。 FIG 1 a full elevational sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention parallel to the light pipe means.

图2为图1中的AA剖视图。 FIG 2 is a sectional view AA of FIG.

图3为本发明平行光管装置的光学系统图示。 Figure 3 illustrates the optical system of parallel light pipe apparatus of the present invention.

图4、5、6为本发明校准方法的过程示意图。 Process 4,5,6 FIG calibration method of the present invention. FIG.

图7为平行光管中所设校准标志的图示。 7 is a parallel alignment mark provided in the light pipe as illustrated.

图8为本发明平行光管装置另一个实施例的正视全剖图。 FIG full sectional elevational collimator means 8 to another embodiment of the present invention.

本发明平行光管装置的一个实施例如图1、2、3、7所示,具有一镜筒2,镜筒前端安设有球面析光镜1,在镜筒的后部设有与析光镜相配置的分划板4,其间用隔圈3分开,分划板后安有压圈6,分划板上设有校准标志9,校准标志可以是“∧”形,析光镜、分划板可由多片透明或半透明材料制成,在分划板径向方的镜筒上可开设透光孔12并配置滤光片5,使校准标志9在观察时带有颜色并清晰可见,给使用带来方便,本发明也可在镜筒内增设发光装置以增强校正标志9的亮度,在镜筒的后端设有弹性夹座,由环状箍7构成,开口处安设一紧固螺钉8,构成夹紧装置,本实施例的平行光管可通过夹紧装置直接安于瞄准镜的前端,适于与现有无校准标志的瞄准镜配置使用,也适用于机械瞄准具的校准。 A collimator apparatus embodiment of the present invention as shown in FIG 1,2,3,7, having a lens barrel 2, the front end of the barrel is provided with a spherical resolution An optical microscope 1 is provided with a light at the rear barrel analysis lens relative configuration of reticle 4, separated by a spacer 3 therebetween, the pressurized reticle security ring 6, the reticle alignment mark 9 is provided, the alignment mark may be a "∧" shape, light microscopy analysis, points a reticle may be multiple pieces of transparent or translucent material, in the radial direction of the lens barrel reticle light transmitting hole 12 may be opened and the filter 5 is arranged so that the alignment mark 9 with a color and clearly visible when viewed , for use convenience, the present invention also can be added in the light emitting device to enhance the barrel correct the brightness of the mark 9, an elastic clip mount at the rear end of the barrel, formed by an annular collar 7, an opening install fastening screw 8, a clamping device configured in parallel according to the present embodiment may be content with a front end of the light pipe sight directly by clamping means, adapted to be disposed with the existing sight without calibration mark, also applies to the mechanical sight calibration.

本发明另一个实施例如图8所示,它与上一实施例结构不同之处在于有一平面析光镜1斜置于镜筒内,斜置角度可为45°,经隔圈3和压圈6固定于镜筒2内,在筒镜2侧向配设有一侧向镜筒13,侧向镜筒内安设有透镜16和分划板4,与析光镜1相配置,透镜与分划板之间安设有隔圈15,通过压圈14将它们固紧,构成折光式平行光管装置,本实施例的其它结构与上一实施例相同,使用时可直接安于瞄准镜的前端。 Another embodiment of the present invention, for example, as shown in FIG. 8, which differs from the structure of the embodiment with the previous embodiment in that a planar light microscopy analysis obliquely disposed within barrel 1, the inclined angle may be 45 °, and by the clamping ring spacer 3 6 is fixed to the barrel 2, the mirror tube 2 is provided with a lateral side of the lens barrel 13, the inner side of the lens barrel 16 is provided with safety and the reticle 4, and phase analysis light microscope configuration, and sub-lens An reticle is provided between the spacer ring 15, clamping ring 14 by fastening them, constituting a refractive limator apparatus, other configurations of the present embodiment is the same as with the previous embodiment, when used directly content with sight front end.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种适于与射击型武器配置使用的瞄准具的校准方法,其特征在于采用一个与瞄准具相配置且设有校准标志的平行光管装置,它与武器固联并相对静止,提供一个通过瞄准具可见的成像于目标处并与目标的相对位置保持不变的校准标志,作为校准基准点,以校准标志瞄准某点试射后,仍将校准标志瞄准该点,同时调整瞄准具,使瞄准标志与弹着点重合。 An adapted and configured to use fire weapon sights calibration method, characterized by using a device with a collimator sight configuration and provided with a calibration mark, which is fixedly connected with the arms and relatively stationary, provided a visible image by sight and held at the target position of the target relative to the calibration constant sign, as the calibration reference point to a point after calibration tests aiming mark, the aiming point will alignment mark, while adjusting sights , the aiming mark coincides with the point of impact.
  2. 2.一种实现权利要求1所述校准方法的校准装置,其特征在于具有镜筒(2),镜筒内设置有析光镜(1)和与其相配置并设有校准标志(9)的分划板(4),构成具有校准标志的平行光管光学系统。 A calibration apparatus to achieve the calibration method according to claim 1, characterized by a barrel (2), the barrel is provided with a light microscope analysis (1) and arranged thereto and provided with the alignment mark (9) reticle (4), with parallel alignment mark constituting the optical system of the light pipe.
  3. 3.按权利要求2所述的校准装置,其特征在于镜筒(2)上设有一夹紧装置。 3. The calibration apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that the barrel is provided with a clamping means (2).
  4. 4.按权利要求2或3所述的校准装置,其特征在于镜筒前端安设有球面析光镜(1),在镜筒的后部设有与析光镜相配置的分划板(4)。 4. A calibration device as claimed in claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the front end of the barrel is provided with a spherical resolution An optical microscope (1), provided with a reticle and phase analysis light microscope lens barrel disposed at the rear ( 4).
  5. 5.按权利要求4所述的校准装置,其特征在于在分划板(4)径向方的镜筒上开设透光孔(12)。 5. The calibration apparatus according to claim 4, characterized in that defines a light-transmitting opening (12) in the radial direction on the barrel reticle (4).
  6. 6.按权利要求5所述的校准装置,其特征在于透光孔(12)上配置有滤光片(5)。 6. A calibration device as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that arranged filter (5) on the light transmitting hole (12).
  7. 7.按权利要求2或3所述的校准装置,其特征在于有一平面析光镜(1)斜置于镜筒(2)内,在镜筒侧向配设有一侧向镜筒(13),侧向镜筒内安设有透镜(16)和分划板(4),与析光镜(1)相配置。 7. A calibration device as claimed in claim 2 or 3, characterized in that a planar light microscopy analysis (1) the ramp (2) is placed in the barrel, the barrel is provided with a lateral side of the barrel (13) , An inner side provided with a lens barrel (16) and the reticle (4), light microscopy and analysis (1) phase configuration.
  8. 8.按权利要求7所述的校准装置,其特征在于平面析光镜(1)的斜置角度为45°。 8. The calibration apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that the inclined angle of the plane light microscopy analysis (1) is 45 °.
CN 94101246 1994-01-31 1994-01-31 Calibration method and device of sighting device CN1041349C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 94101246 CN1041349C (en) 1994-01-31 1994-01-31 Calibration method and device of sighting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 94101246 CN1041349C (en) 1994-01-31 1994-01-31 Calibration method and device of sighting device

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CN1106134A true CN1106134A (en) 1995-08-02
CN1041349C true CN1041349C (en) 1998-12-23

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100906159B1 (en) * 2007-07-06 2009-07-03 정인 The dot-sight device with large caliber
CN102155867B (en) * 2011-03-31 2013-04-17 董立新 Direct-aiming-type gun calibrating device
CN105423816B (en) * 2015-12-01 2017-08-11 河北汉光重工有限责任公司 An infrared gun calibration method for a sight

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4403421A (en) * 1980-11-13 1983-09-13 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight
US4584776A (en) * 1980-11-13 1986-04-29 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4403421A (en) * 1980-11-13 1983-09-13 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight
US4584776A (en) * 1980-11-13 1986-04-29 Shepherd Daniel R Telescopic gun sight

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