CN104133690B - From an operating system level to the operating system level dynamic application migration Updated - Google Patents

From an operating system level to the operating system level dynamic application migration Updated Download PDF

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CN104133690B
CN104133690B CN 201410178079 CN201410178079A CN104133690B CN 104133690 B CN104133690 B CN 104133690B CN 201410178079 CN201410178079 CN 201410178079 CN 201410178079 A CN201410178079 A CN 201410178079A CN 104133690 B CN104133690 B CN 104133690B
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associated
wpar
0s
lpar
set
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CN 201410178079
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CN104133690A (en )
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F·巴拉
C·M·布里安德
L·迪富
K·菲拉里-阿迪布
P·I·加内施
J·M·麦康瑙希
S·B·佩卡姆
D·W·舍菲尔德
M·J·斯蒂芬森
N·S·汤姆西克
陆声震
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国际商业机器公司
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/44Arrangements for executing specific programs
    • G06F9/455Emulation; Interpretation; Software simulation, e.g. virtualisation or emulation of application or operating system execution engines
    • G06F9/45533Hypervisors; Virtual machine monitors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F11/00Error detection; Error correction; Monitoring
    • G06F11/07Responding to the occurrence of a fault, e.g. fault tolerance
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F8/00Arrangements for software engineering
    • G06F8/60Software deployment
    • G06F8/65Updates
    • G06F8/656Updates while running
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/44Arrangements for executing specific programs
    • G06F9/455Emulation; Interpretation; Software simulation, e.g. virtualisation or emulation of application or operating system execution engines
    • G06F9/45533Hypervisors; Virtual machine monitors
    • G06F9/45558Hypervisor-specific management and integration aspects
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/46Multiprogramming arrangements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/46Multiprogramming arrangements
    • G06F9/48Program initiating; Program switching, e.g. by interrupt
    • G06F9/4806Task transfer initiation or dispatching
    • G06F9/4843Task transfer initiation or dispatching by program, e.g. task dispatcher, supervisor, operating system
    • G06F9/485Task life-cycle, e.g. stopping, restarting, resuming execution
    • G06F9/4856Task life-cycle, e.g. stopping, restarting, resuming execution resumption being on a different machine, e.g. task migration, virtual machine migration
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F9/00Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units
    • G06F9/06Arrangements for program control, e.g. control units using stored programs, i.e. using an internal store of processing equipment to receive or retain programs
    • G06F9/44Arrangements for executing specific programs
    • G06F9/455Emulation; Interpretation; Software simulation, e.g. virtualisation or emulation of application or operating system execution engines
    • G06F9/45533Hypervisors; Virtual machine monitors
    • G06F9/45558Hypervisor-specific management and integration aspects
    • G06F2009/4557Distribution of virtual machine instances; Migration and load balancing aspects

Abstract

本发明涉及从一个操作系统级到已更新操作系统级的动态应用迁移。 The present invention relates to an operating system from the operating system level to a level of dynamic application migration has been updated. 具体地,提供了一种技术,用于将与第一操作系统(OS)相关联的第一文件集和与第二OS相关联的第二文件集相比较;基于比较来确定第二OS是第一OS的更加当前版本;响应于确定第二OS是第一OS的更加当前版本,与动态应用迁移相结合地将第一LPAR上的虚拟机(VM)工作负载分区(WPAR)移动至第二LPAR,该移动包括确定与对应于第二OS的WPAR相关联的一组覆盖;从WPAR去除与第一OS相关联的任何覆盖;向WPAR应用对应于第二OS的一组覆盖;对与WPAR相关联的进程使用检查点;以及将与LPAR相关联的动态数据从第一LPAR拷贝到第二LPAR。 Specifically, a technique is provided for comparison with the first operating system (OS) associated with the first set of files and the second OS and the second set of files associated; determined based on the comparison is the second OS more current version of the first OS; in response to determining that the second OS is a more current version of the first OS, and application migration conjunction dynamic virtual machine (VM) on a first workload partition LPAR (the WPAR) moves to the two LPAR, comprising determining a set of the mobile WPAR associated with the cover corresponding to the second OS; removing any associated cover the first OS from the WPAR; WPAR application corresponding to a set of covering the second OS; and to WPAR associated process uses the checkpoint; copy and dynamic data associated LPAR LPAR from the first to the second LPAR.

Description

从一个操作系统级到已更新操作系统级的动态应用迁移 From an operating system level to the operating system level dynamic application migration Updated

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 要求保护的主题概括地涉及计算系统,并且更具体地涉及用于使工作负载分区从具有特定操作系统的逻辑分区移动至具有该特定操作系统的更新版本的第二分区。 [0001] The claimed subject matter relates generally to computing systems, and more particularly relates to a partition for a workload that has an updated version of the particular logical partition operating system from a mobile having a second specific operating system partition.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 不同于其中相对于硬件将计算资源分区的逻辑分区(LPAR),虚拟化文件系统相对于软件被分区。 [0002] Unlike wherein with respect to a logical partition hardware computing resource partition (LPAR), with respect to the virtual file system software is partitioned. 另外,虽然LPAR可具有不同的操作系统,但虚拟化文件系统空间典型地在〇S 的单个实例内包括虚拟化操作系统(0S)环境。 Further, although the LPAR may have different operating systems, the virtual file system space, typically within a single instance 〇S comprises a virtual operating system (0S) environment. 遍及本说明书被用作示例的虚拟化文件系统空间的一个示例是工作负载分区(WPAR)。 Example of a virtual file system space throughout the present specification is used as an example of the workload partition (WPAR). 应理解的是虽然相对于WPAR来描述要求保护的主题,但该原理也适用于其他类型的虚拟化文件系统空间。 It is understood that although the relative WPAR to describe the claimed subject matter, but the principle also applies to the virtual file system space to other types.

[0003] 基本上,存在两个类型的WPAR,系统WPAR和应用WPAR。 [0003] Basically, there are two types of WPAR, system and application WPAR WPAR. 通常,系统WPAR将系统资源分区,且应用WPAR将一个或多个应用进程隔离并执行。 Typically, the system WPAR partition system resources, and the application WPAR one or more application process isolation and executed. 以下描述是基于系统WPAR。 The following description is based on the system WPAR. 每个ffPAR 具有系统资源的已调节共孚,且可具有独有网络和文件系统。 Each ffPAR have the system resources has been adjusted total of Corfu, and may have unique network and file systems. 另外,每个WPAR可具有单独管理域和安全域,并且能够被独立地停止和开始,每个WPAR具有唯一的根用户、常规用户和密码,诸如inetd、cron和syslog之类的其自己的服务。 Further, each WPAR can have a separate administrative domain and security domains, and can be started and stopped independently, each having a unique root WPAR, regular user and password, such as its own service inetd, cron, and the like syslog . WPAR通常并不与其他WPAR或全局系统共享可写文件系统。 WPAR not usually shared with other WPAR or global system writable file system. WPAR共享操作系统且可共享底层文件系统、实际或虚拟磁盘适配器、处理器、处理器、分页空间和实际或虚拟网卡。 WPAR shared operating systems and can be shared underlying file system, actual or virtual disk adapter, processor, processor, paging space and the actual or virtual network adapter.

[0004] 虽然特定LPAR内的WPAR共享一个0S,但LPAR内的不同WPAR可运行特定0S的不同版本。 [0004] Although a particular LPAR WPAR within a shared 0S, but within a different WPAR LPAR 0S run different versions of a particular. 此类WPAR称为“版本化” WPAR。 Such WPAR called "versioning" WPAR. 版本化WPAR通常运行比全局LPAR更旧的0S版本。 Versioned WPAR typically run than the global LPAR older version 0S. 版本化WPAR包含其正在运行的0S的任何水平的命令、共享库等。 WPAR version of 0S contain any level of command it is running, shared libraries. 然而,版本化WPAR内的某些命令(诸如但不限于设备驱动程序及其他核心扩展)“被覆盖(overlaid) ”,这意味着WPAR运行全局LPAR中的相应命令。 However, in some versions of WPAR command (such as, but not limited to, device drivers, and other core extension) "is overwritten (overlaid)", which means that the global WPAR run the command in the LPAR. 通常,这是保持特定命令与全局LPAR上的核心同步所必需的,因为WPAR不包括其自己的核心。 Typically, this is the core of the specific commands and global synchronization LPAR necessary to maintain, because WPAR does not include its own core.

[0005] 当文件被覆盖时,通常通过向名称和原始文件添加后缀来将文件重命名,或者传统二进制码利用到本地运行时执行包装(wrapper)的拷贝的符号链接来替换。 [0005] When a file is overwritten, typically by adding suffixes to the name of the original file and rename the file, or a conventional binary code using a symbolic link to perform the copy package (warpper) is run locally replaced. 通常,存在用于每个目标二进制码的目录路径的本地执行包的一个拷贝。 Typically, there is one copy each of the target directory path for local execution binary code of the package. 另外,采取行动以反映安装机构用来跟踪系统上的所有已安装文件的这些数据变化,并用具有添加后缀的新名称来替换原始名称。 In addition, to take action to reflect the mounting mechanism used to all of these data changes installed files on a tracking system, and replace the original name with a new name with a suffix added. 包装机制如下工作:1)将本地库的路径预先计划成LIBPATH参数;2)识别调取包装的可执行指令的名称;以及3)调用特殊的新“本地运行时exec 0接口”以执行相应的本地二进制码。 Packaging mechanism works as follows: 1) native library path into LIBPATH preplanned parameters; 2) identifying the name of the executable instructions retrieved package; and 3) special new call "Local Interface Runtime exec 0" to perform the corresponding local binary code.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 如本文中的发明人已实现的,通常,将工作负载分区移动至新逻辑分区要求将所有正在运行的应用停止并重新开始。 [0006] As used herein the inventors have realized, usually, the partition moves to a new workload logical partition requires that all applications running stop and start again. 提供了用于使工作负载分区从具有特定操作系统的逻辑分区移动至具有该特定操作系统的更新版本的第二分区。 Providing for workload partition to a second partition having an updated version of the particular operating system from a mobile having a specific logical partition operating system. 根据公开技术,可在不停止并重新开始正在运行的程序的情况下使该程序移动至更加当前的0S。 The program moves to a more current 0S case based on open technology, can not stop and restart the programs that are running.

[0007] 提供了用于将与第一操作系统(os)相关联的第一文件集同与第二0S相关联的第二文件集相比较;基于该比较来确定第二〇s是第一〇s的更加当前版本;响应于确定第二〇s 是第一os的更加当前版本,结合动态应用迁移(live application mobility),使第一LPAR 上的虚拟机(VM)工作负载分区(WPAR)移动至第二LPAR,该移动包括确定与对应于第二〇S的WPAR相关联的一组覆盖;从WPAR去除与第一0S相关联的任何覆盖;向WPAR应用对应于第二0S的一组覆盖;对与WPAR相关联的进程使用检查点;以及将与LPAR相关联的动态数据从第一LPAR拷贝到第二LPAR。 [0007] are provided for comparison with the first operating system (OS) and a first set of files with a second set of files associated with a second 0S associated; determining, based on the first comparison second 〇s more current version 〇s; in response to determining that the second is a more current version of the first 〇s os, combined with the dynamic application migration (live application mobility), the virtual machines on the first LPAR (VM) workload partitions (WPAR) moved to the second LPAR, comprising determining the movement corresponding to the second set of 〇S WPAR associated cover; removing any covering associated with the first 0S from WPAR; 0S second corresponding to a set of applications to WPAR coverage; WPAR with the process of using the associated check point; and copies the associated dynamic data from the first LPAR LPAR to the second LPAR.

[0008] 本发明内容并不旨在作为要求保护的主题的全面描述,而是旨在提供与之相关联的某些功能的简要概述。 [0008] The present invention is not intended to be comprehensive claimed subject matter of the description, but is intended to provide a brief overview of some of the features associated with it. 在检查以下各图和详细描述之后,要求保护的主题的其他系统、方法、功能、特征和优点将是或者将变得对于本领域的技术人员而言显而易见的。 Other systems, methods, features, advantages and features after each examination of the following detailed description and view the claimed subject matter will be or will become apparent to those skilled in the art obvious.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0009]当结合以下各图来考虑公开实施方式的以下详细描述时,能够获得对要求保护的主题的更好理解。 [0009] When considered in conjunction with the following drawings the following detailed description of the disclosed embodiments, it is possible to obtain a better understanding of the claimed subject matter.

[0010] 图1是可实现要求保护主题的计算系统架构的框图。 [0010] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a computing system architecture implementation requirements of the claimed subject matter.

[0011] 图2是上面在图1中介绍的工作负载分区(WPAR)覆盖管理器(0LM)的更详细的框图。 [0011] FIG. 2 is a more detailed block diagram of the above described in FIG. 1 workload partitions (the WPAR) coverage manager (0lm) a.

[0012] 图3是可实现要求保护主题的各方面的比较操作系统(0S)的一个示例的流程图。 Flowchart illustrating an example of [0012] FIG. 3 is the claimed subject matter may be implemented Comparative aspects of the operating system (0S) a.

[0013] 图4是可实现要求保护主题的各方面的评估操作系统(0S)的一个示例的流程图。 Flowchart illustrating an example of [0013] FIG. 4 is the claimed subject matter may be implemented in the evaluation of various aspects of the operating system (0S) a.

[00M]图5是可实现要求保护主题的各方面的应用覆盖进程的流程图。 [00M] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of the process of the application covers all aspects of the claimed subject matter may be implemented.

[0015]图6是可实现要求保护主题的各方面的覆盖文件进程的一个示例的流程图。 [0015] FIG. 6 is a flowchart showing an example of the claimed subject matter may be implemented to cover all aspects of the process files.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0016]所属技术领域的技术人员知道,本发明的各个方面可以实现为系统、方法或计算机程序产品。 [0016] Those skilled in the art, aspects of the present invention may be embodied as a system, method or computer program product. 因此,本发明的各个方面可以具体实现为以下形式,g卩:完全的硬件实施方式、 完全的软件实施方式(包括固件、驻留软件、微代码等),或硬件和软件方面结合的实施方式,这里可以统称为“电路”、“模块”或“系统”。 Accordingly, aspects of the present invention may take the form of, g Jie: an entirely hardware embodiment, an entirely software embodiment (including firmware, resident software, micro-code, etc.) or an embodiment combining software and hardware aspects of embodiments , may be collectively referred to herein as a "circuit", "module" or "system." 此外,在一些实施方式中,本发明的各个方面还可以实现为在一个或多个计算机可读介质中的计算机程序产品的形式,该计算机可读介质中包含计算机可读的程序代码。 Further, in some embodiments, the various aspects of the present invention may take the form of a computer program product in a medium in one or more computer-readable, computer-readable medium comprising computer readable program code.

[0017]可以米用一个或多个计算机可读介质的任意组合。 [0017] m can be any combination of one or more computer-readable media. 计算机可读介质可以是计算机可读信号介质或者计算机可读存储介质。 The computer-readable medium may be a computer readable signal medium or a computer-readable storage medium. 计算机可读存储介质例如可以是一一但不限于电、磁、光、电磁、红外线、或半导体的系统、装置或器件,或者任意以上的组合。 The computer-readable storage medium may be for example-but not limited to, an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system, apparatus, or device, or any combination thereof. 计算机可读存储介质的更具体的例子(非穷举的列表)包括:具有一个或多个导线的电连接、便携式计算机盘、硬盘、随机存取存储器(RAM)、只读存储器(ROM)、可擦式可编程只读存储器(EPR0M或闪存)、光纤、便携式紧凑盘只读存储器(CD-ROM)、光存储器件、磁存储器件、或者上述的任意合适的组合。 The computer-readable storage medium More specific examples (a non-exhaustive list) comprising: an electrical connection having one or more wires, a portable computer diskette, a hard disk, a random access memory (RAM), a read only memory (ROM), an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPR0M or Flash memory), an optical fiber, a portable compact disc read-only memory (CD-ROM), an optical storage device, magnetic storage device, or any suitable combination of the foregoing. 在本文件中,计算机可读存储介质可以是任何包含或存储程序的有形介质,该程序可以被指令执行系统、装置或者器件使用或者与其结合使用。 In this document, a computer-readable storage medium may be any tangible medium that can contain or store a program, the program may be an instruction execution system, apparatus, or device for use by or in connection with.

[0018]、计算机可读的信号介质可以包括在基带中或者作为载波一部分传播的数据信号, 其中承载了计算机可读的程序代码。 [0018], a computer readable signal medium may include, in baseband or as part of a data signal propagated carrier which carries a computer readable program code. 这种传播的数据信号可以采用多种形式,包括——但不限于一一电磁信号、光信号或上述的任意合适的组合。 Such a propagated data signal may take many forms, including - but not limited to eleven electromagnetic, optical, or any suitable combination of the foregoing. 计算机可读的信号介质还可以是计算机可读存储介质以外的任何计算机可读介质,该计算机可读介质可以发送、传播或者传输用于由指令执行系统、装置或者器件使用或者与其结合使用的程序。 A computer readable signal medium may be any computer readable storage medium other than the computer readable medium, the computer readable medium that can communicate, propagate, or transport to an instruction execution system, apparatus, or device for use by or in connection with use of the program .

[0019] 计算机可读介质上包含的程序代码可以用任何适当的介质传输,包括一一但不限于一一无线、有线、光缆、RF等等,或者上述的任意合适的组合。 [0019] The computer readable program code embodied on a medium may be transmitted using any appropriate medium, including but not limited to eleven eleven to wireless, wireline, optical fiber cable, the RF and the like, or any suitable combination of the above.

[0020] 可以以一种或多种程序设计语言的任意组合来编写用于执行本发明操作的计算机程序代码,所述程序设计语言包括面向对象的程序设计语言一诸如Java、Smalltalk、C++ 等,还包括常规的过程式程序设计语言一诸如“C”语言或类似的程序设计语言。 [0020] may be one or any combination of more programming languages ​​to write a computer program code for carrying out operations of the present invention, the programming language, including an object oriented programming language such as a Java, Smalltalk, C ++, etc., further comprising conventional procedural programming languages, such as a "C" language or similar programming languages. 程序代码可以完全地在用户计算机上执行、部分地在用户计算机上执行、作为一个独立的软件包执行、 部分在用户计算机上部分在远程计算机上执行、或者完全在远程计算机或服务器上执行。 The program code may execute entirely on the user's computer, partly on the user's computer, as a stand-alone software package, partly on the user's computer on a remote computer or entirely on the remote computer or server. 在涉及远程计算机的情形中,远程计算机可以通过任意种类的网络一一包括局域网(LAN) 或广域网(WAN)—连接到用户计算机,或者,可以连接到外部计算机(例如利用因特网服务提供商来通过因特网连接)。 In the latter scenario, the remote computer, the remote computer may include eleven network (LAN) or a wide area network (WAN) through any type of network - is connected to the user computer, or may be connected to an external computer (e.g., by using an Internet Service Provider Internet connection).

[0021]下面将参照根据本发明实施方式的方法、装置(系统)和计算机程序产品的流程图和/或框图描述本发明。 [0021] The following method according to embodiments of the present invention, the flowchart and / or block diagrams of apparatus (systems) and computer program products of the present invention is described with reference to. 应当理解,流程图和/或框图的每个方框以及流程图和/或框图中各方框的组合,都可以由计算机程序指令实现。 It should be understood that each block of the flowchart illustrations and block diagrams, and or / composition / or flowchart illustrations and block diagrams, can be implemented by computer program instructions. 这些计算机程序指令可以提供给通用计算机、 专用计算机或其他可编程数据处理装置的处理器,从而生产出一种机器,使得这些计算机程序指令在通过计算机或其他可编程数据处理装置的处理器执行时,产生了实现流程图和/或框图中的一个或多个方框中规定的功能/动作的装置。 These computer program instructions may be provided to a processor of a general purpose computer, special purpose computer, or other programmable data processing apparatus to produce a machine, such that the computer program instructions executed by the processor of the computer or other programmable data processing apparatus generating means for implementing the functions specified in the flowchart and / or block diagram block or blocks a / acts.

[0022] 也可以把这些计算机程序指令存储在计算机可读介质中,这些指令使得计算机、 其他可编程数据处理装置、或其他设备以特定方式工作,从而,存储在计算机可读介质中的指令就产生出包括实现流程图和/或框图中的一个或多个方框中规定的功能/动作的指令的制造品(article of manufacture)。 [0022] These computer program may be instructions stored in a computer-readable medium that can direct a computer, other programmable data processing apparatus, or other devices to function in a particular manner, such that, stored in the computer-readable medium of instructions to produce including processes for implementing the functions specified in the / or one or more blocks in a block diagram / operation instruction article of manufacture (article of manufacture).

[0023] 也可以把计算机程序指令加载到计算机、其他可编程数据处理装置、或其他设备上,使得在计算机、其他可编程数据处理装置或其他设备上执行一系列操作动作,以产生计算机实现的过程,从而使得在计算机或其他可编程装置上执行的指令能够提供实现流程图和/或框图中的方框中规定的功能/操作的过程。 [0023] The computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a computer, other programmable data processing apparatus, or other devices, a series of operations such that the operation on the computer, other programmable data processing apparatus, or other devices to produce a computer implemented process, such that the instructions which execute on the computer or other programmable apparatus provide processes for implementing and / or functions specified in the block diagrams / operation of the process. 还应理解的是虽然相对于WPAR来描述,但该要求保护的主题可同样地适用于其他类型的虚拟化文件系统空间。 It should also be understood that although the relative WPAR to describe, but the claimed subject matter may be equally applicable to other virtualized file system space types.

[0024]现在转到附图,图1是可结合要求保护主题的计算系统架构100的一个示例的框图。 [0024] Turning now to the drawings, FIG. 1 is combined with the requirements of the computing system architecture block diagram of one example of claimed subject matter 100. 第一计算系统(cs_l) 102包括被耦合到监视器106的中央处理单元(CPU) 104、键盘108和指点设备或“鼠标”110,其一起支持人员与架构100和计算系统102的其他元件的交互。 A first computing system (CS_L) 102 comprises a central processing unit coupled to the (CPU) 106, a monitor 104, a keyboard 108 and a pointing device or "mouse" 110, which together with the support 100 and the other elements of the computing system architecture 102 interaction. 也包括在计算系统102中并被附接至CPU104的是计算机可读存储介质(CRSM),具体地是CRSM_ 1111和CRSM_2112。 Also included in the computing system 102 and attached to the CPU104 is a computer-readable storage medium (CRSM), and specifically CRSM_ 1111 CRSM_2112. 可将CRSM11H12中的每一个结合到客户端系统102中,即内部设备,或者借助于各种、一般可用连接设备而在外部附接至CPU104,该一般可用连接设备诸如但不限于通用串行总线(USB)端口(未示出)。 Each may be incorporated into the CRSM11H12 102, i.e. the client system within the device, or by means of various, generally available connecting devices attached externally connected to CPU104, the connection device generally available, such as but not limited to a Universal Serial Bus (USB) port (not shown).

[0025]图示出了存储两(2)个逻辑分区(LPAR)、即LPAR_1122和LPAR_2132的CRSM_1111。 [0025] illustrates stores two (2) logical partitions (LPAR), i.e. the LPAR_1122 and LPAR_2132 CRSM_1111. LPAR_1122被图示为具有工作负载分区(WPAR)、即WPAR_1126和操作系统(OS),g卩0S_1124。 LPAR_1122 is illustrated as having a workload partition (WPAR), i.e. WPAR_1126 and operating system (OS), g Jie 0S_1124. WPARjl26包括被覆盖文件系统,即图示出具有操作系统0S_2134的0LFS_1128LPAR_2132。 WPARjl26 covered include file system, an operating system that is illustrated in 0S_2134 0LFS_1128LPAR_2132. 在以下示例中,0S_1124是OS_2l:34的较旧版本。 In the following example, 0S_1124 is OS_2l: the older version 34. 也存储于CRSM_1111上以便在计算系统102 的一个或多个处理器(未示出)上执行的是WPAR覆盖管理器(〇LM) 136。 Also stored on a so CRSM_1111 (not shown) in a computing system 102 executing on one or more processors are WPAR coverage manager (〇LM) 136. 在以下示例中,WPAR 0LM136被配置成实现要求保护的主题。 In the following example, WPAR 0LM136 configured to implement the claimed subject matter.

[0026] CS_1102被耦合到局域网(LAN),其提供服务器计算机、或者简单地(服务器)142、 存储区域网(SAN) 144和第二计算系统(CS_2) 146之间的连接。 [0026] CS_1102 is coupled to a local area network (LAN), which provides a server computer, or simply 142, 146 is connected between the (server) Storage Area Network (SAN) 144 and a second computing system (CS_2). 虽然在本示例中,计算系统102、服务器142、SAN144和CS_2146经由LAN140可通信地耦合,其还可以通过任何数目的通信介质被耦合,诸如但不限于直接连接、广域网(WAN)和因特网(未示出其中的任何一个)。 Although in the present example, the computing system 102, server 142, SAN144 and CS_2146 via LAN140 communicatively coupled, which may also be coupled through any number of communication media, such as, but not limited to direct connection, a wide area network (WAN) and the Internet (not any one of which is shown). 类似于CS_1102,CS_2146包括CPU、即CPU148以及CRSM、即CRSM15〇〇CRSM150图示出存储逻辑分区,g卩LPAR_3152,其包括操作系统、即0S_3154和WPAR 0LM、S卩WPAR 0LM156。 Similar CS_1102, CS_2146 including a CPU, i.e. CPU148 and The CRSM, i.e. CRSM15〇〇CRSM150 illustrating storage logical partition, g Jie LPAR_3152, including an operating system, i.e. 0S_3154 and WPAR 0LM, S Jie WPAR 0LM156. 虽然为了简单起见而未示出,但CS_2146通常将包括监视器、键盘和鼠标。 Although not shown for simplicity, but CS_2146 will typically include a monitor, keyboard and mouse. 类似于0S_2134,0S_3154是比0S_1128更加当前的操作系统版本。 Similar 0S_2134,0S_3154 more than 0S_1128 current operating system version. 在以下示例中,公开技术描述了如何将WPAR_1126从CS_ 1102上的LPAR_1122和0S_1124迁移至CS_2146上的LPAR_3152和0S_3154(参见200、图3、 240、图4、270、图5和300、图6)。 In the following example, the disclosed technology describes how to migrate from LPAR_1122 WPAR_1126 and 0S_1124 on CS_ 1102 to LPAR_3152 and 0S_3154 on CS_2146 (see 200, FIG. 3, 240, FIG. 4,270, 300 and 5, FIG. 6) . 如上文所解释的,一旦被迁移,WPAR_1122是版本化WPAR,即与其被安装在上面的LPAR相比运行不那么当前的0S版本。 As explained above, once the migration, WPAR_1122 version of the WPAR, i.e. thereto is installed in an LPAR runs less compared to the current version of the 0S.

[0027] 使用计算设备142和144作为可用于计算系统102的资源的示例,并且充当用于计算系统102的潜在访问点和存储设备。 [0027] 142 and 144 using a computing device may be used as a resource exemplary computing system 102, and serves as a potential access point and the computing system 102 of the storage device. 应理解的是,虽然仅在两个计算系统和CRSM上图示出,但LPAR122、132和154、WPAR126和WPAR 0LM136和156可驻留在不同的CRSM、甚至不同的计算系统(诸如CRSM112和113、服务器142和CS_2146)上。 It should be understood that although illustrated only on the two computing systems and CRSM, but LPAR122,132 and 154, WPAR126 and WPAR 0LM136 and 156 may reside in different CRSM, even different computing systems (such as 113 and CRSM112 , server 142 and CS_2146) on. 还应注意的是,典型架构和计算系统通常将包括许多附加元件,但为了简单起见仅示出了几个。 It should also be noted that the typical architecture and computing systems typically include a number of additional elements, but for simplicity shows only a few.

[0028] 图2是上面在图1中介绍的WPAR 0LM136的更详细的框图JPAR 0LM136包括输入/ 输出(I/O)模块160、数据模块162、0S评估模块164、覆盖模块166和操作逻辑168。 [0028] FIG 2 is described above in FIG. 1 WPAR more detailed block diagram of 0LM136 JPAR 0LM136 includes an input / output (I / O) module 160, a data module 162,0S evaluation module 164, overlay module 166 and operations logic 168 . 虽然可存在WPAR0LM136的其他部件,但为了简单起见,仅图示出并描述了部件160、162、164、166和168。 Although there may be other components WPAR0LM136, but for simplicity, only the illustrated and described components 160,162,164,166 and 168. 为了以下示例起见,假设与WPAR 0LM136和156相关联的逻辑分别地在计算系统102和146 (图1)的一个或多个处理器(未示出)上执行,并分别地存储在CRSM111和150 (图1)上。 For the sake of example, it is assumed WPAR 0LM136 and 156 respectively associated logic in a computing system 102 and 146 (FIG. 1) or multiple processors (not shown) executing, and 150 and stored respectively in CRSM111 (FIG. 1). 应理解的是,可用许多类型的计算系统和数据存储结构来实现要求保护主题,但为了简单起见,仅在CS_1102(图1)、CS_2146和系统架构100(图1)方面进行描述。 It should be understood that many of the available types of computing systems and data storage structure for implementing the claimed subject matter, but for simplicity, be described only in CS_1102 (FIG. 1), CS_2146 and system architecture 100 (FIG. 1) aspect. 此外,图2中的WPAR 0LM136的表示是逻辑模型。 Further, WPAR 0LM136 represented in FIG. 2 is a logical model. 换言之,可将部件160、162、164、166和168存储在相同或单独的文件上,并作为单个系统或作为经由任何可用进程间通信(IPC)技术进行交互的单独进程, 在计算系统102和架构100内加载和/或执行。 In other words, the members 160,162,164,166 and 168 may be stored on the same or a separate file, and the system as a single or as separate processes to interact via any available inter process communication (IPC) techniques, computing system 102 and architecture 100 loading and / or execution.

[0029] I/O模块_处理WPAR 0LM136与计算系统共1〇2的其他部件、架构1〇〇和任何管理员或用户的任何通信。 [0029] I / O processing module _ WPAR 0LM136 with other components of the computing system of co 1〇2, any communication architecture 1〇〇 any administrator or user. 数据模块162是用于WPAR 0LM136在操作期间要求的信息和参数的数据储存库。 Data module 162 is a data repository WPAR 0LM136 during operation of the requested information and parameters. 存储在数据模块162中的信息类型的示例包括系统数据17〇、LPAR数据172、WPAR 数据174、版本数据176、文件集数据178和选项数据180。 Examples of types of information stored in the data module 162 includes system data 17〇, LPARs data 172, WPAR data 174, version data 176, 178 and the data collection file option data 180.

[0030]系统数据存储关于架构100的其他元件的信息,诸如但不限于服务器142 (图1)、SAN144(图1)和CS—21你(图1)。 [0030] The system stores information about the data to other infrastructure elements 100, such as but not limited to server 142 (FIG. 1), SAN144 (FIG. 1) and CS-21 You (FIG. 1). 简而言之,此外,系统数据16〇存储使得WPAR 0LE136能够与在CS_2146上执行的WPAR 0LE156通信以实现要求保护主题的各方面的信息。 Briefly, in addition, the system stores such data 16〇 WPAR 0LE136 WPAR 0LE156 communication can be executed on the information required to implement CS_2146 with various aspects of the claimed subject matter. LPAR数据172存储关于诸如LPAR—1122(图1)和LPAR_2132(图1)之类的已建立LPAR的信息,包括但不限于关于在每个上运行的特定0S的信息。 LPAR 172 stores data but not limited to running on a particular 0S on information on each LPAR information, such as have been established including LPAR-1122 (FIG. 1) and LPAR_2132 (FIG. 1) or the like. WPAR数据174存储关于诸如WPAR122之类的己建立WPAR的信息,包括但不限于可分配给WPAR126的各种资源。 WPAR 174 stores data regarding hexyl or the like, such as a WPAR122 WPAR establishment information, including but not limited to various resources allocated to the WPAR126. 版本数据176存储关于LPAR126和122中的每一个当前正在执行的08124和134的特定版本的信息。 Version data 176 stores information about each currently executing LPAR126 08 124 and 122 134 and a specific version of. 根据要求保护主题,文件集数据178存储关于安装在每个WPAR126中的文件集以及已被覆盖的特定文件集的信息。 According to the claimed subject matter, set data file 178 stored on file sets installed in each WPAR126 and information about specific files that have been overwritten set. 选项数据180存储可控制WPAR 0LM136的操作的用户和管理操作参数。 Option data store 180 may control the operation of the user WPAR 0LM136 management and operational parameters.

[G031] 0S评估模块164与一逻辑相关联,该逻辑用于将诸如0S124、134和154之类的操作系统的更早、相同或更加当前的版本进行比较(参见图240,图4)。 [G031] 0S evaluation module 164 and a logic associated with a logic system for operating the earlier classes of such 0S124,134 and 154, the same or a more current version compared (see FIG. 240, FIG. 4). 根据要求保护主题,覆盖模块16e存储负责将适当文件集安装在诸如WPAR122和134之类的版本化WPAR中的逻辑。 The claimed subject matter, overlay module 16e is responsible for storing the appropriate version of the installed file set such WPAR122 WPAR and 134 such logic. 操作逻辑168存储与要求保护主题的实现相关联的逻辑、以及负责与安装和更新诸如WPAR126 和127之类的WPAR相关联的典型逻辑的逻辑。 Operation logic 168 stores the logic implementing the claimed subject matter associated logic and logic typically responsible for installing and updating associated WPAR such WPAR126 127 and the like. 下面结合图3-6来更详细地描述将具有肝八1?01^156(图1)中的相应机构的部件152、154、156、160、162、164、166和168。 3-6 will be described in more detail below in connection with FIG liver eight having 1? 01 ^ 156 (FIG. 1) of the mechanism member corresponding 152,154,156,160,162,164,166 and 168.

[0032]图3是可实现要求保护主题的各方面的移动WPAR进程200的一个示例的流程图。 [0032] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of a process example of a mobile WPAR aspects of the claimed subject matter 200 may be implemented requirements. 在本示例中,进程2〇0与WPAR OLM136 (图1和2)相结合而存储于CRSM_1111 (图1)上,并在计算系统102 (图1)的CPU104 (图1)的一个或多个处理器(未示出)上执行的逻辑相关联。 In the present example, combined with the process 2〇0 WPAR OLM136 (FIGS. 1 and 2) stored in the CRSM_1111 (FIG. 1), and a computing system 102 (FIG. 1) of the CPU 104 (FIG. 1) or more a processor (not shown) associated with the logic executing on. 在以下示例中,WPAR—1126 (图1)从称为“出发” LPAR并在OS_l 124 (图1)上运行的LPAR_1122 (图1)移动至称为“到达”LPAR并在OS_3154 (图1)上运行的CS_2146 (图1)上的LPAR_3152 (图1),该0S 是比0S_1124更加当前的版本0S。 In the following example, WPAR-1126 (Figure 1) referred to as "departure" and run LPARs on OS_l 124 (FIG. 1) LPAR_1122 (FIG. 1) is referred to "reach" and LPARs OS_3154 (FIG. 1) running on CS_2146 LPAR_3152 (Figure 1) on (Figure 1), which is 0S 0S_1124 more than the current version of 0S.

[0033] 进程2〇0在“开始移动WPAR”方框202中开始,并立即前进至“评估⑻”方框2〇4。 [0033] In the process 2〇0 "starts moving the WPAR" start block 202 and proceeds immediately to the "Evaluation ⑻" block 2〇4. 在与方框204相关联的处理期间,进行关于WPAR_1126正在从其移动的0S_1124以及WPAR_1126正在向其移动的OS_3154的特定版本的确定(参见240,图4)。 During block 204 associated with the processing being performed WPAR_1126 therefrom and moving 0S_1124 WPAR_1126 determination is moved to its particular version of OS_3154 (see 240, FIG. 4). 此类确定可基于与WPAR 0LM136 (参见162,图2)相结合地存储的信息和通常安装在特定操作系统中的文件集的比较(参见240,图4)。 Such determination may be based WPAR 0LM136 (see 162, FIG. 2) and the document information stored in combination typically is installed in a particular set of operating system comparison (see 240, FIG. 4). 在与“到相同OS?”的方框206相关联的处理期间,进行关于〇S_3154是否是与0S— 1124相同版本的确定。 During the "the same OS?" Block 206 associated with the process, is to determine whether 〇S_3154 on the same version of 0S- 1124. 如果是这样,则控制前进至“到较新的〇s?”的方框208。 If so, control proceeds to "to newer 〇s?" Box 208. 在与方框208 相关联的处理期间,进行关于0S_3154是否是0S_1124的更加当前的版本的确定。 During block 208 with associated processing, a determination is made whether 0S_3154 is the current version of 0S_1124 more. 如果不是, 则控制前进至“抛出异常”方框210。 If not, control proceeds to "thrown" box 210. 公开技术适用于移动较新OS的WPAR,因此在与方框210 相关联的处理期间,采取行动以通知用户或管理员不在实现该移动。 Open technology for mobile newer OS's WPAR, therefore during processing and associated block 210, to take action to inform the user or administrator does not implement the move.

[0034] 在与方框208相关联的处理期间,如果进行了〇S_3154是0S_1124的更加当前版本的确定,则控制前进至“应用覆盖”方框212。 [0034] During the process associated with block 208, if a determination is 〇S_3154 a more current version of 0S_1124, control proceeds to "cover applications" box 212. 在与方框212相关联的处理期间,生成OLFS128 (图1)并添加到ffPAR_1126 (参见270,图5)。 During block 212 associated with the process, generates OLFS128 (FIG. 1) and added to ffPAR_1126 (see 270, FIG. 5). 简而言之,在与方框212相关联的处理期间,根据已知或有待开发的迀移过程,通常经由LAN140使与WPAR_1126相关联的文件、寄存器和参数(包括已被覆盖的任何文件)迁移至LPAR_3152。 Briefly, during the processing associated with block 212, the process according to the shift Gan known or to be developed, so that typically via LAN140 file associated with WPAR_1126, registers and parameters (including any document that has been covered) migrating to LPAR_3152.

[OO35] 在与“检查点进程”方框214相关联的处理期间,停止WPAR_1126内的所有运行中的进程以期待移动。 [OO35] During the "check point process" associated with the processing block 214, stops all running processes within the WPAR_1126 is expected to move. 在停止的同时,捕捉诸如打开文件、存储器内容等应用数据并传输至到达LPAR。 While stopped, the capture such as opening a file, and the memory contents transfer application data to arrive LPAR. 这在WPAR的进程全都不在运行时提供了机会窗口,因此可进行覆盖和更新,因为不存在软件重要产品数据(SWVPD)的当前更新。 This provides all the WPAR process is not running a window of opportunity, it can be covered and updated because the current update software vital product data (SWVPD) does not exist. WPAR的文件系统仍是可从出发侧访问的,因此在此时间段期间能够应用覆盖。 WPAR file system is still accessible from the starting side, so during this time period can be applied to cover. 本质上,时序使得能够相对于系统上的任何其他活动以原子方式来应用覆盖。 In essence, the timing so that with respect to any other activity on the system to be applied to cover atomically.

[0036] 在与“移动WPAR”方框216相关联的处理期间,将WPAR_1126从LPAR_1122和CS_1102 拷贝至ULPAR—3152和CS_2146。 [0036] During the "moving the WPAR" associated with the processing block 216, and the WPAR_1126 copied from LPAR_1122 CS_1102 to ULPAR-3152 and CS_2146. 简而言之,在LPAR_1122中捕捉与WPAR_1相关联的动态数据, 并经由LAN140传输到LAPR_3。 Briefly, capture the dynamic data associated with WPAR_1 in LPAR_1122, and transmitted via the LAPR_3 LAN140. 在本示例中,与WPAR_1126相关联的文件驻留于SAN144上,其被CS_1102和CS_2146共享,并且在移动之前如其被LPAR—1122访问那样被LPARJ3152访问1 在与“重新开始进程”方框218相关联的处理期间,重新开始在与方框214相关联的处理期间停止的WPAR126的所有进程,并且WPAR_1126唤醒并在LPAR_3152和CS_2146上运行。 In the present example, with WPAR_1126 associated file resides on the SAN144, and which is shared CS_1102 CS_2146, and as it was before the mobile access LPAR-1122 is accessed LPARJ3152 1 as related to the "restart process" 218 block during processing associated restart block 214 during the associated process to stop all processes WPAR126, and WPAR_1126 wakes up and running on LPAR_3152 and CS_2146. 一旦进程己在到达侧重新开始并开始访问文件系统,则0LFS128在与“完成移动WPAR”方框214相关联的处理期间就位。 Once the process has started and reaches the focus start accessing the new file system, 0LFS128 in place during the "finish moving the WPAR" process block 214 is associated. 最后,控制前进至其中进程200完成的“结束移动WPAR”方框229。 Finally, control passes to 200 where the process complete "end mobile WPAR" box 229.

[0037] 图4是“评估0S”进程240的流程图。 [0037] FIG. 4 is a flowchart of "Assessment 0S '240 process. 在本示例中,进程240与WPAR 0LM136 (图1和2) 相结合而存储于CRSM112 (图1)上的逻辑相关联,并且可涉及到CS_2146上的WPAR 0LM156和WPAR OLM136之间的通信。 In the present example, the process 240 combined with WPAR 0LM136 (FIGS. 1 and 2) stored in the associated logic (FIG. 1) CRSM112, and may involve communications between the WPAR 0LM156 CS_2146 and WPAR OLM136. 虽然可从对OS的查询获得关于OS的某些信息,但该细节通常不足以支持要求保护主题。 Although you can get some information about the OS from the query to the OS, but the details are often insufficient to support the claimed subject matter. 例如,AIX系统提供指示提供给应用的运行时的AIX水平的“ostype” 属性。 For example, AIX system provides an indication to the AIX operating level applied when the "ostype" attribute.

[0038] 进程240在“开始评估0S”方框242中开始,并立即前进至“识别文件集”方框244。 [0038] In process 240, "begin evaluating 0S" start block 242 and proceeds immediately to the "identification file set" block 244. 在与方框244相关联的处理期间,在0S_1124和0S_3154内识别通常与0S—起安装和/或对环境具有某些影响的AIX文件集的定义、核心组渗见166和168,图2)。 During block 244 associated with the process, and in the 0S_3154 0S_1124 generally defined 0S- identification from the installation and / or AIX file sets have some impact on the environment, the core permeability groups 166 and 168, see FIG. 2) . 在与“检查安装水平”方框246相关联的处理期间,检查在与方框244相关联的处理期间所识别的文件集以确定其各种性质。 During the "horizontal mounting inspection" block 246 associated with processing checks file set during processing block 244 associated with the identified to determine its various properties. 在与“安装水平(IL)匹配”方框248相关联的处理期间,进行关于0S_1124和0S_3154中的文件集是否匹配的确定。 With "installation horizontal (IL) matching" during processing block 248 associated with the determination and documentation on 0S_1124 0S_3154 the set is matched.

[0039]如果是这样,则控制前进至“返回匹配”方框250,并且通知调用进程240 (参见206, 图3)的进程:〇S是相同的。 [0039] If so, then control proceeds to "return match" block 250, and notifies the calling process 240 (see 206, FIG. 3) of the process: the same 〇S. 如果不是,则控制前进至“与0S相关”方框252,在此期间,使用于每个0S的在与方框244相关联的处理期间识别的文件集相关以确定特定0S水平。 If not, control proceeds to "related 0S" block 252, during which each use 0S associated with the identified set of documents during the processing block 244 to determine the specific associated 0S level. 在与“返回0S水平”方框254相关联的处理期间,使在与方框254相关联的处理期间确定的0S水平返回至调用进程。 During treatment with "0S return to the level of" block 254 associated with the return to the calling process 0S level determined during processing block 254 it is associated. 最后,在与“结束评估0S”方框259相关联的处理期间,进程240完成。 Finally, during the "end of the evaluation 0S" box 259 associated with the processing, process 240 is complete.

[0040]图5是可实现要求保护主题的各方面的“应用覆盖”进程270的一个示例的流程图。 [0040] FIG. 5 is a flowchart showing an example of the claimed subject matter may be implemented "Apply cover" 270 process various aspects. 进程270对应于移动WPAR进程200 (图3)的应用覆盖方框216 (图3)。 Application process 270 corresponding to the mobile WPAR process 200 (FIG. 3) of the cover block 216 (FIG. 3). 类似于进程200,在本示例中,进程270与同WPAR 0LM136 (图1)相结合而存储在CRSM_1111 (图1)上的逻辑相关联,并在计算系统102 (图1)的CPU104 (图1)的一个或多个处理器(未示出)上执行。 Logic 200 associated with similar processes, in the present example, the process 270 combined with WPAR 0LM136 (FIG. 1) and stored in the CRSM_1111 (FIG. 1), the CPU104 and the computing system 102 (FIG. 1) (Fig. 1 ) of the one or more processors (not shown) on the execution.

[0041]进程270在“开始应用覆盖”方框2U中开始并立即前进至“确定0S”方框274。 [0041] The process 270 begins at "Start Application cover" block and proceeds immediately to 2U "0S OK" box 274. 在与方框274相关联的处理期间,通常基于存储信息(参见160,图2)和通过比较0S124和154中的各种文件集水平而收集的信息(参见240,图4)来确定到达LPAR的0S,其在本示例中为LPAR_ 3154的OS—3154。 During block 274 associated with the processing, storing information usually reaches the LPAR (see 160, FIG. 2) and information collected by various collections 0S124 and comparing the level 154 (see 240, FIG. 4) is determined based on the 0S, which is LPAR_ OS-3154 3154 in the present example. 在与“需要覆盖(0L)?”方框276相关联的处理期间,进行关于对于当前移云^ 而言是否需要覆盖的确定。 With the "need cover (0L)?" During processing associated with block 276, a determination to shift the current cloud ^ in terms of the need for coverage. 如果是这样,则控制前进至“检索0L信息”方框278,在此期间收集列出所需的特定覆盖的信息。 If so, control proceeds to "retrieve information 0L" block 278, during which the information required to collect lists of specific coverage. 通常,结合WPAR 0LM136来存储此信息(参见160、162、164、 166和168,图2)。 Typically, binding WPAR 0LM136 to store this information (see 160, 162, 166 and 168, FIG. 2). 在与“去除覆盖”方框280相关联的处理期间,去除旧的覆盖。 In the "cover removal" process associated with block 280 during the removal of the old cover.

[0042]在与“获得〇L列表中的下一文件”方框2似相关联的处理期间,从在与方框278相关联的处理期间检索的0L信息中选择有待于处理的文件的名称。 Name [0042] During processing "obtained 〇L next file list" associated with the box-like 2, from the selection process needs to be 0L information retrieved during processing block 278 associated with the file . 在与“覆盖文件”方框284相关联的处理期间,覆盖在与方框282相关联的处理期间其名称被选择的文件(参见300,图6) ^在与“更多文件?”方框2S6相关联的处理期间,进行关于是否存在尚未被处理的与方框278相关联的处理期间检索的信息中所列出的文件的确定。 During the "overwrite file" box 284 associated with the process, the file name in the cover during the processing associated with block 282 is selected (see 300, FIG. 6) with ^ "More File?" Box during processing associated 2S6, a determination whether there is a file with the information retrieved during processing block 278 has not been associated with the processing of those listed. 如果是这样,则控制返回至方框282,选择列表中的下一名称,并且处理如上所述地继续。 If so, control returns to block 282 to select the next name in the list, and the process continues as described above. 如果不是,或者如果在与方框276 相关联的处理期间已经做出了不需要覆盖的确定,则控制前进至“结束应用覆盖”方框289, 在其期间进程270完成。 If not, or if the block 276 during the processing associated need not cover the determination has been made, control proceeds to "End covers applications" box 289, in which during the process 270 is complete.

[0043]图6是可实现要求保护主题的各方面的覆盖文件过程3〇〇的一个示例的流程图。 [0043] FIG. 6 is a flowchart showing an example of the claimed subject matter may be implemented in all aspects of the process 3〇〇 the overlay file. 进程300对应于应用覆盖进程270 (图6)的覆盖文件方框284 (图5)。 Process cover 300 corresponding to the application process 270 (FIG. 6) overlay file block 284 (FIG. 5). 类似于进程200、240和270, 在本示例中,进程3〇〇与WPAR 0LM136 (图1)相结合而存储在CRSM_1111 (图1)上,并在计算系统102 (图1)的CPU104 (图1)的一个或多个处理器(未示出)上执行的逻辑相关联。 Similar to the process 200, 240 and 270, in the present example, the process 3〇〇 WPAR 0LM136 (FIG. 1) combining stored in CRSM_1111 (FIG. 1), and CPU104 computing system 102 (FIG. 1) (FIG. 1) one or more processors (not shown on the logic associated with executing).

[0044]进程300在“开始覆盖文件”方框302中开始,并立即前进至“文件集(FS)存在?”方框304。 [0044] Process 300 starts in the "Start overwrite the file" block 302, and proceeds immediately to a "file set (FS) exist?" Box 304. 在与方框304相关联的处理期间,进行关于正在处理的文件(参见260,图4)是否是已存在于正在处理的WPAR中的文件集的成员的确定。 In block 304 during the processing associated with a determination of the file being processed (see 260, FIG. 4) is a member of the set of documents being processed in WPAR already existing. 如上文所解释的,关于WPAR的文件的信息(参见162和I66,图2)包括该文件所属的文件集。 As explained above, the information about the file WPAR (see 162 and I66, FIG. 2) includes a set of files in the file belongs. 还应注意的是,虽然在此特定图中未示出,但如果特定文件不存在且不是强制性文件集的一部分,则不需要该文件,并且因此不产生覆盖。 It should also be noted that, although not shown in this particular figure, but if a particular portion of the file and the file is not mandatory set does not exist, the file is not required, and thus no coverage.

[0045]如果存在文件集,则控制前进至“保存原始文件”方框306。 [0045] If there is a file set, then control proceeds to "save the original" block 306. 在与方框306相关联的处理期间,通常通过向原始名称添加后缀来将已经安装的文件重命名。 During block 306 associated with the process, typically by adding a suffix to the name of the original file to be renamed already installed. 另外,还修改对出于管理目的跟踪文件的任何文件中的文件的参考以反映新名称,使得当要更新原始文件时, 更新原始文件而不是由链接识别的文件。 In addition, changes to the reference file any document for administrative purposes in the trace file to reflect the new name, so that when you want to update the original file, update the original file rather than the file identified by the link. 如果在与方框3〇4相关联的处理期间进行不存在该文件所属的文件集的确定,则控制前进至“FS强制性? ”方框308。 If the determination is that the current document belongs file does not exist during the processing associated with block 3〇4, then control proceeds to "FS mandatory?" Block 308. 在与方框308相关联的处理期间,进行关于在与方框304相关联的处理期间被确定为不存在的文件集是否是所需文件集的确定。 During block 308 associated with the processing performed on the processing that is determined during block 304 for the associated file does not exist is set to determine whether the required file set. 如果是这样,或者如果在与方框3〇6相关联的处理期间,已在新名称下保存了原始文件,则控制前进至“文件是二进制的?”方框31〇。 If so, or if during the block 3〇6 associated processing, the original file has been saved under a new name, control proceeds to "File is binary?" Box 31〇. 在与方框310相关联的处理期间,进行关于正在处理的文件是否是二进制的、即脚本文件的确定。 During processing associated with block 310, a determination is made whether the file being processed is binary, that is, the script file. 如果文件是二进制的,则控制前进至“创建到运行时执行包(RTEW)的链接”方框312。 If the file is binary, control proceeds to "link Execute Package (RTEW) when you create to run" box 312. 在与方框312相关联的处理期间,生成到RTEW的链接,具有文件的原始名称。 During block 312 associated with the process, generates links RTEW having the original file name. 如果在与方框31〇相关联的期间进行了正在处理的文件不是二进制的确定,则控制前进至“创建到全局脚本文件(GSF)的链接?”方框314。 If we were to determine the file being processed is not a binary block during 31〇 associated control proceeds to "create a link to the global script files (GSF) of?" Box 314. 在与方框314相关联的处理期间,创建到相应全局脚本文件的链接。 During block 314 with associated processing, create links to corresponding global script file. 应注意的是,脚本文件不需要采用RTEW,因此链路直接地指向本地OS的相应GSF。 It should be noted that the script files need not be employed RTEW, thus pointing directly link local corresponding GSF OS.

[0046]另外,如果在与方框304相关联的处理期间进行了文件不存在的确定,且在与方框308相关联的处理期间进行了文件不是强制性的确定,则不需要将原始文件重命名,因为文件未安装。 [0046] Further, if the file does not exist is determined during block 304 associated with the process, and the file is not performed during a mandatory determination block 308 associated with the process, the original file is not required renamed because the file is not installed. 以这种方式,不需要安装且将从不被使用的文件未被安装且不消耗计算资源。 In this way, no need to install and will not be used by the file is not installed and does not consume computing resources. [0047] 一旦在与方框312相关联的处理期间已创建了到RTEW的链接或者在方框314期间仓犍了到GSF的链接,则控制前进至“结束生成覆盖”方框训,在其期间进程300完成。 [0047] Once the block 312 during the processing associated with the link has been created GSF RTEW or link block 314 during the warehouse to Bullock, then control proceeds to "End conversion coating" training block, in which during the process 300 is complete. 根据公开技术处理的文件消除了通常将需要执行的工作WPAR OLM136,因为原始文件未安装,并且因此不需要在更新期间被覆盖。 The document discloses processing technique eliminates the need to work WPAR OLM136 typically performed because the original file is not installed, and therefore need not be covered during the update. 还消除了被覆盖文件被覆写的问题。 Also eliminates the problem by overwriting the file is overwritten. 另外,自动地应用对LPAR_2122中的文件的任何更新,因为WPAR_1126在其被放置在LPAR_2122中时就将指向已更新二进制码和脚本。 Further, any updates automatically applied LPAR_2122 the file because WPAR_1126 when it is placed in the binary code and LPAR_2122 point will have been updated script.

[0048] 在此使用的术语仅是为了描述特定实施方式,且不旨在限制本发明。 [0048] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments, and is not intended to limit the present invention. 如在此使用的,单数形式“一”、“一个”和“该”也旨在包括复数形式,除非上下文另外清楚地指明。 As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. 还将理解,当在说明书中使用时,术语“包括”和/或“包含”指明存在所述的特征、整体、步骤、操作、元件和/或组件,但不排除存在或附加一个或多个其他特征、整体、步骤、操作、元件和/ 或组件。 It will also be appreciated that, when used in this specification, the terms "comprises" and / or "comprising" specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and / or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and / or components.

[0049] 以下权利要求中的所有装置或步骤加功能元件的相应结构、材料、动作以及等效物(如果有的话)旨在包括用于与其他权利要求要素相结合地执行功能的任何结构、材料或动作,如具体地要求保护的那样。 [0049] The following claims all means or step plus function elements in the claims of the corresponding structures, materials, acts, and equivalents (if any) are intended to include any of the elements in combination with other structural features of claim , material, or act, such as specifically claimed. 王现本友明的说明是为了示出和描述的作用,但不是穷尽性的或将本发明限制于所公开的形式。 Wang Friends of the present description is now shown to function and description, but is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the forms disclosed. 许多修改和变化对本领域普通技术人员来说是明显的,且不脱罔本发明的范围。 Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art, the scope of the present invention without the removal ignored. 选择和描述实施方式是为了最佳地解释本发明的原理和实际应用,并使得本领域普通技术人员能针对适于考虑的特定用途的具有各种修改的各种实施方式理解本发明。 Chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the present invention and the practical application, and to enable those of ordinary skill in the art to understand the invention adapted for a particular use contemplated for various embodiments with various modifications.

[0050]附图中的流程图和框图显示了根据本发明的多个实施方式的系统、方法和计算机程序产品的可能实现的体系架构、功能和操作。 [0050] The flowchart and block diagrams in the Figures illustrate a system architecture according to various embodiments of the present invention, methods and computer program products may implement the functions and operations. 在这点上,流程图或框图中的每个方框可以代表一个模块、程序段或代码的一部分,所述模块、程序段或代码的一部分包含一个或多个用于实现规定的逻辑功能的可执行指令。 In this regard, the flowchart or block diagrams may represent a portion of each block in a module, segment, or portion of code, a module, segment, or portion of code that comprises one or more devices for implementing the specified logical function executable instructions. 也应当注意,在有些作为替换的实现中,方框中所标注的功能也可以以不同于附图中所标注的顺序发生。 It should also be noted that, in some implementations Alternatively, the functions noted in the block may be different from the order noted in the figures occur. 例如,两个连续的方框实际上可以基本并行地执行,它们有时也可以按相反的顺序执行,这依所涉及的功能而定。 For example, two consecutive blocks may in fact be executed substantially concurrently, they may sometimes be executed in the reverse order, depending upon the functionality involved may be. 也要注意的是,框图和/或流程图中的每个方框、以及框图和/或流程图中的方框的组合,可以用执行规定的功能或动作的专用的基于硬件的系统来实现,或者可以用专用硬件与计算机指令的组合来实现。 Also it is noted that each block of the flowchart in block diagram, as well as combinations and / or block diagrams and / or flowchart block may perform the specified functions or acts dedicated hardware-based systems implemented with , or may be special purpose hardware and computer instructions to implement.

Claims (12)

  1. 1. 一种用于处理工作负载分区的方法,包括: 将与第一操作系统0S相关联的第一文件集和与第二0S相关联的第二文件集相比较; 基于所述比较来确定所述第二0S是所述第一os的更加当前的版本; 响应于确定所述第二os是所述第一0S的更加当前的版本,结合动态应用迁移,将与所述第一os相关联的第一LPAR上的虚拟机VM工作负载分区WPAR移动至与所述第二0S相关联的第二LPAR,所述移动包括: 确定与对应于所述第二〇S的所述WPAR相关联的一组覆盖; 从所述WPAR去除与所述第一0S相关联的任何覆盖; 通过创建到用于二进制覆盖的运行时执行文件包的链接以及到用于非二进制文件的全局脚本文件的链接,向所述WPAR应用对应于所述第二〇S的一组覆盖; 对与所述WPAR相关联的进程使用检查点;以及将与所述第一LPAR相关联的动态数据从所述第一LPAR拷贝到所述第二LPAR。 1. A method for processing workload partitions, comprising: a first operating system of the first set of 0S file associated with a second and is compared with a second set of files associated 0S; determining based on the comparison the second is the current version 0S more first os; in response to determining that the second os said first 0S more current version of the application in conjunction with dynamic migration, associated with the first os a second virtual machine VM LPAR workload partition LPAR WPAR movement associated to the first and the associated second 0S, said moving comprises: determining the second corresponding to the WPAR associated 〇S a set of covers; removing any covering associated with the first 0S from the the WPAR; executable file by creating a link to the package when the cover and of binary for operating a global script file to a non-binary file link to said application corresponds to a set WPAR covering the second 〇S; a process for the use of the associated WPAR checkpoint; and dynamic data associated with the first LPAR from the first LPAR copied to the second LPAR.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中所述第一LPAR和所述第二LPAR在不同计算设备上。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the said first and said second LPAR LPAR on different computing devices.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,所述第一文件集和所述第二文件集的所述比较是基于与所述第一0S和所述第二0S中的每一个0S相关联的相应文件集。 3. The method according to claim 1, the set of the first file and the second file set with said first comparison and said second 0S 0S each associated with a 0S based the file set.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的方法,其中所述相应文件集中的每一个包括所选的一组通常安装的文件。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the respective set of files each comprise a set of files selected usually installed.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,还包括:重新开始与所述WPAR相关联的所述进程。 5. The method according to claim 1, further comprising: restarting the process and the associated WPAR.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,所述使用检测点包括: 保存与每个进程相关联的当前数据;以及暂停每个进程,使得当每个进程恢复时能够还原该当前数据。 6. The method according to claim 1, the use of the detection point comprising: saving the current data associated with each process is associated; and pausing each process, so that each process when the current data recovery can be restored.
  7. 7. —种用于处理工作负载分区的设备,包括: 处理器; 非暂态的计算机可读存储介质CRSM,被耦合到所述处理器;以及存储在所述CRSM上并在所述处理器上执行的逻辑,用于: 将与第一操作系统0S相关联的第一文件集和与第二〇S相关联的第二文件集相比较; 基于所述比较来确定所述第二0S是所述第一0S的更加当前的版本; 响应于确定所述第二os是所述第一0S的更加当前的版本,结合动态应用迁移将与所述第一0S相关联的第一LPAR上的虚拟机VM工作负载分区WPAR移动至与所述第二0S相关联的第二LPAR,所述移动包括: 确定与对应于所述第二0S的所述WPAR相关联的一组覆盖; 从所述WPAR去除与所述第一0S相关联的任何覆盖; 通过创建到用于二进制覆盖的运行时执行文件包的链接以及到用于非二进制文件的全局脚本文件的链接,向所述WPAR应用对应于所述第二0S的一 7. - kind of apparatus for processing workload partitions, comprising: a processor; non-transitory computer-readable storage medium CRSM, is coupled to the processor; and a memory on the processor and the CRSM execution logic, for: the first operating system with a first set of files associated 0S and compared with the second 〇S second set of files associated; determining based on the comparison is the second 0S a more current version of the first 0S; in response to determining that the second version of the current os is more first 0S, combined with the dynamic application migration on the first 0S associated first LPAR VM entries workload partition WPAR to move, the movement of the second LPAR associated second 0S comprising: determining a group corresponding to the second cover and the WPAR 0S associated; from the WPAR remove any covering of the associated first 0S; executable file by creating a link to the package when the cover for operating a binary script file and a link to a global non-binary file, application corresponding to the WPAR a second 0S 覆盖; 对与所述WPAR相关联的进程使用检查点;以及将与所述第一LPAR相关联的动态数据从所述第一LPAR拷贝到所述第二LPAR。 Coverage; use of the checkpoint process associated with the WPAR; copy and dynamic data associated with the first LPAR LPAR from the first to the second LPAR.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求7所述的设备,其中所述第一LPAR和所述第二LPAR在不同计算设备上。 8. The apparatus of claim 7, wherein the said first and said second LPAR LPAR on different computing devices.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求7所述的设备,用于比较所述第一文件集和所述第二文件集的所述逻辑是基于与所述第一os和所述第二0S中的每一个相关联的相应文件集。 9. The apparatus according to claim 7, the logic for comparing the first document set and the second set is based on the file associated with each of said first and said second 0S os in a respective set of associated files.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求9所述的设备,其中所述相应文件集中的每一个包括所选的一组通常安装的文件。 10. The apparatus according to claim 9, wherein the respective set of files each comprise a set of files selected usually installed.
  11. 11. 根据权利要求7所述的设备,所述逻辑还包括用于重新开始与所述WPAR相关联的所述进程的逻辑。 11. The apparatus of claim 7, the logic further comprises logic for restarting the process associated with the WPAR.
  12. 12. 根据权利要求7所述的设备,用于使用检查点的所述逻辑包括用于以下的逻辑: 保存与每个进程相关联的当前数据;以及暂停每个进程,使得当每个进程恢复时能够复原该当前数据。 12. The apparatus according to claim 7, using the checkpoint for the logic for the logic comprises: saving the current data associated with each process; and a suspension for each process, each process such as recovery when the current data can be restored.
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