CN104117652A - Die for casting saggar - Google Patents

Die for casting saggar Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104117652A
CN104117652A CN201410366023.4A CN201410366023A CN104117652A CN 104117652 A CN104117652 A CN 104117652A CN 201410366023 A CN201410366023 A CN 201410366023A CN 104117652 A CN104117652 A CN 104117652A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
counterdie
mould
core
die
core rod
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410366023.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高寿林
赵梦
Original Assignee
浙江立鑫高温耐火材料有限公司
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Application filed by 浙江立鑫高温耐火材料有限公司 filed Critical 浙江立鑫高温耐火材料有限公司
Priority to CN201410366023.4A priority Critical patent/CN104117652A/en
Publication of CN104117652A publication Critical patent/CN104117652A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a die for casting a saggar. The die comprises a lower die outer frame, the middle of the lower die outer frame is provided with a lower die core, an upper die core is arranged above the lower die core in a matched mode, and the lower die core is of a floating die core structure and is composed of a lower die fixing die core and a lower die floating die core. A die core inner cavity is formed in the top of the lower die fixing die core, a through hole is formed in the bottom of the die core inner cavity, the lower die floating die core is arranged in the die core inner cavity, and a center ejecting cylinder is arranged at the bottom of the lower die floating die core. The center ejecting cylinder penetrates through the through hole in the lower die fixing die core and extends to the position below a worktable top of a pressing machine, and four wall plates are arranged between the inner wall of the lower die outer frame and the outer wall of the lower die core respectively. The four wall plates are connected and fixed at the four corners through inserts, and a filling block is embedded in the upper die core. The outer side of the filling block is provided with a cooling water channel, and an exhaust pipeline longitudinally penetrates the center of the upper die core. The die is good in exhausting and cooling effect and capable of facilitating discharging and solving the problems that the pressed saggar is large in number of air vents and uneven in thickness.

Description

A kind of mould of using for die casting saggar
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar.
Background technology
Saggar is a kind of common kiln furnitures, when manufacturing industry is not popularized, all adopting earth to fire forms, after modern manufacturing industry development, replace traditional earth with refractory material gradually, and in manufacturing process, be also slowly evolved into the industrialization mode of production by the moulding of press die casting refractory material, while utilizing press die casting, often can run into the problem of refractory material blanking inequality, general operation work is normally manually blanking in the time of refractory material blanking, and the counterdie degree of depth that blowing is used is darker, it is disposable when refractory material is put into, be easy to cause the problem of skewness, thereby cause the saggar became uneven pressing out.
In addition, often can run into die casting while utilizing press die casting time, die venting is not smooth, causes the saggar inwall pore of extrusion more, and firmness is bad.
Summary of the invention
The technical issues that need to address of the present invention are, a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar is provided, and die venting and good cooling results, facilitate blanking, and can solve that the saggar pore extruding is many, the problem of became uneven.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar, comprise counterdie housing, in the middle of counterdie housing, it is counterdie core rod, counterdie core rod top coupling has upper mould core, counterdie housing below is provided with backing plate, backing plate and press bed face are fixed, described counterdie core rod is float mould core structure, formed by the fixing core rod of counterdie and counterdie float mould core, the fixing core rod of counterdie is close to press bed face, the fixing core rod of counterdie top is provided with core rod inner chamber, core rod intracavity bottom is provided with through hole, counterdie float mould core is built in core rod inner chamber, counterdie float mould core bottom is provided with center and takes blame for others, take blame for others and extend to press bed face below through the through hole of the fixing core rod of counterdie in center, between described counterdie housing inwall and counterdie core rod outer wall, be respectively equipped with 4 facing-wall boards, 4 facing-wall boards are connected and fixed with mold insert at four edges, in described upper mould core, be inlaid with filling block, filling block outside is provided with cooling water channel, described upper mould core center is longitudinally run through and is provided with discharge duct.
Preferably, be provided with compound plate in the middle of described counterdie housing and backing plate, the outer frame bottom of described wallboard and counterdie is all screwed on compound plate.
Preferably, described mold insert is rectangular cylinder, and square-section wherein two diagonal angles is provided with interior concave arc, and four sides of cylinder are equipped with draw-in groove, and kernel of section is provided with tapped through hole realization and fixes with compound plate.
Preferably, described wallboard two sides are provided with raised line, and raised line and draw-in groove are fixed.
Preferably, the height of described mold insert and wallboard is higher than the height of counterdie housing.
Preferably, take blame for others and comprise cylinder ejector rod in described center, and cylinder ejector rod outer cover has back-moving spring.
Preferably, described upper mould core cross section is inversion " protruding " word shape, bottom surface is provided with mold cavity, filling block is built in mold cavity, described cooling water channel distributes and is " well " word shape on longitudinal cross-section, comprise two cross channels and two longitudinal water channels, described cross channel is the through hole that left and right connects, and described longitudinal water channel is blind hole from top to bottom.
Preferably, described upper mould core is die hard steel body, described filling block is modified 45# steel body, upper mould core is mainly born part because be mainly pressure, so adopt the higher die hard steel of hardness, the filling block at Er Qi center is for the effect of die casting saggar profile not obvious, so can adopt modified 45# steel that hardness is lower to reduce cost.
Preferably, described cooling water channel is at water inlet of the left and right of cross channel Ge Liu and delivery port, and all the other outlets are all provided with rubber stopper and stop up, and can allow so whole water route form a circuit cycle, repeat to flow.
Preferably, described discharge duct bottom is bell, facilitates air to enter discharge duct, realizes at utmost exhaust.
Adopt after the technical program, counterdie core rod is relocation mechanism, after each press die casting finishes, counterdie core rod meeting automatic-ascending, now the position of counterdie core rod is closer from operative employee position, handled easily work is placed into refractory material on the surface of counterdie core rod, that can also disperse is more even simultaneously, and traditional counterdie core rod is deep, if directly mode arrives darker counterdie core rod blanking by hand, first security can not obtain effective guarantee, secondly like this when blanking because the factor such as light is darker, operative employee cannot ensure uniform blanking, the final saggar became uneven that easily causes extrusion, utilize floating type this problem that well solved, when upper mould core is depressed into counterdie core rod, counterdie core rod can and then press down, while being depressed into bottommost, counterdie core rod stops descending, now upper mould core continues descending, be distributed in the most at last the refractory material compaction moulding on counterdie core rod.
In upper mould core, inlay filling block, filling block can be lower-cost steel, reduce the cost of material of whole upper mould core, and in upper mould core, be provided with cooling water channel, core surface temperature can be not too high after repeatedly pressing down process to make upper mould core, because excess Temperature can affect the brittleness of core surface, thereby affect the mould life-span itself, finally be provided with discharge duct in the centre of upper mould core, when upper mould core is pressed down, air between upper mould core and counterdie core rod is discharged from discharge duct, air can not rested in refractory material, realize the effect that reduces the stomatal number in finished product saggar, along with pore reduces, the firmness of saggar just increases thereupon.
Brief description of the drawings
The overall schematic three dimensional views that accompanying drawing 1 is press die;
What accompanying drawing 2 was press die partly cuts open schematic diagram;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the schematic diagram of mold insert in lower die structure;
Accompanying drawing 4 is the schematic diagram of lower die structure deadlight;
Accompanying drawing 5 is the cross-sectional schematic at upper mould core cooling pipe place;
Accompanying drawing 6 is upper mould core cross sectional representation.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described further:
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar, comprise counterdie housing 1, in the middle of counterdie housing, it is counterdie core rod 2, counterdie core rod top coupling has upper mould core 52, upper mould core 52 is fixed on upper mould fixed plate 51 bottoms, counterdie housing below is provided with backing plate 31, backing plate and press bed face 32 are fixing, described counterdie core rod is float mould core structure, formed with counterdie float mould core 22 by the fixing core rod 21 of counterdie, the fixing core rod of counterdie is close to press bed face, the fixing core rod of counterdie top is provided with core rod inner chamber 211, core rod intracavity bottom is provided with through hole, counterdie float mould core is built in core rod inner chamber, the degree of depth of core rod inner chamber is consistent with the height of counterdie float mould core, when matched moulds, counterdie fixed die core end face and counterdie float mould core end face are in same level, counterdie float mould core bottom is provided with center and takes blame for others 23, take blame for others and extend to press bed face below through the through hole of the fixing core rod of counterdie in center, in the time that upper mould core leaves counterdie core rod, take blame for others counterdie float mould core pushed up to extreme higher position in center, with the blanking of handled easily work, between described counterdie housing inwall and counterdie core rod outer wall, be respectively equipped with 4 facing-wall boards 24, the inwall of counterdie housing is difficult to processing with grinding machine, the general mode that adopts line cutting or machining center milling, the counterdie housing inwall processing by these two kinds of modes is more coarse, if do not established in the situation of wallboard, the degree of roughness of counterdie inwall directly has influence on the surface roughness of the saggar 4 of extrusion, and too coarse inwall also easily causes the demoulding to have some setbacks, well solve this problem by the structure of 4 facing-wall boards, wallboard can be processed with surface grinding machine separately, the surfaces of wall processing is very smooth, after processing, be fixed on again between counterdie housing inwall and counterdie core rod, 4 facing-wall boards are connected and fixed with mold insert 25 at four edges, adopt this lower die structure, counterdie core rod is relocation mechanism, after each press die casting finishes, counterdie core rod can rise, now the position of counterdie core rod is closer from operative employee, handled easily work is placed into refractory material on the surface of counterdie core rod, that can also disperse is more even simultaneously, and traditional counterdie core rod is deep, if directly mode arrives darker counterdie core rod blanking by hand, first security can not obtain effective guarantee, secondly like this when blanking because the factor such as light is darker, operative employee cannot ensure uniform blanking, the final saggar became uneven that easily causes extrusion, utilize floating type this problem that well solved, when patrix is depressed into counterdie core rod, counterdie core rod can and then press down, while being depressed into bottommost, counterdie core rod stops descending, now patrix continues descending, the refractory material compaction moulding of counterdie core rod patrix will be distributed in.
In the middle of described counterdie housing and backing plate, be provided with compound plate 33, the outer frame bottom of described wallboard and counterdie is all screwed on compound plate, install compound plate rear wall plate additional and counterdie housing can be fixed on compound plate, if do not establish compound plate, fixed form between wallboard and counterdie housing can only be carried out thread mill drilling in surfaces of wall or counterdie housing side, this has obviously increased difficulty of processing, because the thickness of wallboard own is little, inconvenient thread mill drilling, and thickness is very thick between counterdie housing outer wall and inwall, thread mill drilling is also inconvenient.Described wallboard two sides are provided with raised line, raised line and draw-in groove be fixed can effectively realize wallboard spacing.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, described mold insert is rectangular cylinder, square-section wherein two diagonal angles is provided with interior concave arc 25, in one of them, concave arc is in order to reduce the difficulty that coordinates between mold insert and counterdie housing inwall, concave arc is to coordinate saggar profile and establish in another, 4 mold inserts are all made same structure, to facilitate mutual replacing, four sides of cylinder are equipped with draw-in groove and are conveniently connected spacing with wallboard, kernel of section is provided with tapped through hole and realizes with compound plate 33 fixing, and, described mold insert and the height of wallboard are higher than the height of counterdie housing, so after design, when upper mould core is depressed into matched moulds, upper mould fixed plate 51 is depressed into the end face of mold insert and wallboard, instead of the end face of counterdie housing, because the general softer steel of material that adopt of counterdie housing, if repeatedly pressed down and can produce distortion by upper mould core, thereby affect the stroke that presses down of upper mould core.
The mechanism that Ben Lizhong takes blame for others at center adopts the form of hydraulic jacking cylinder, this pushing method precision is higher, also can adopt the mechanism of cylinder ejector rod outer cover back-moving spring, this mechanism is a kind of low before in precision, but the more convenient dismounting of this mechanism, is highly suitable for needing often more under the operating mode of mold exchange, to use.
And upper mould core cross section in this mould is inversion " protruding " word shape, bottom surface is provided with mold cavity, in upper mold cavity, be inlaid with filling block 521, described upper mould core is die hard steel body, described filling block is modified 45# steel body, upper mould core outer surface is that main pressure is born part, so adopt the higher die hard steel of hardness, the filling block at Er Qi center is also not obvious for the effect of die casting saggar profile, so can adopt modified 45# steel that hardness is lower to reduce cost, in described upper mould core, be provided with cooling water channel 523, described cooling water channel distributes and is " well " word shape on longitudinal cross-section, comprise two cross channel 523a and two longitudinal water channel 523b, described cross channel is the through hole that left and right connects, described longitudinal water channel is blind hole from top to bottom, described upper mould core center is provided with discharge duct 522, described discharge duct runs through filling block from the bottom up successively, upper mold cavity end face, upper mould fixed plate, select as optimizing, described discharge duct bottom is bell, facilitate air to enter discharge duct, realize at utmost exhaust, adopt after this upper die structure, in upper mould core, inlay filling block, filling block can be lower-cost steel, reduce the cost of material of whole upper mould core, and in upper mould core, be provided with cooling water channel, core surface temperature can be not too high after repeatedly pressing down process to make upper mould core, because excess Temperature can affect the brittleness of core surface, thereby affect the mould life-span itself, finally be provided with discharge duct in the centre of upper mould core, when upper mould core is pressed down, air between upper mould core and counterdie core rod is discharged from discharge duct, air can not rested in refractory material, realize the effect that reduces the pore in finished product saggar, along with pore reduces, the firmness of saggar has just increased.
As shown in Figure 6, described cooling water channel is distributed in filling block outside, and the main heat of press compacting refractory material concentrates on the outer surface of upper mould core, and filling block place heat is concentrated less, so cooling water channel need not pass through filling block, has also saved the technique of processing cooling water channel on filling block.
As shown in Figure 5, cooling water channel all adopts punching form to complete, described cooling water channel is at water inlet of the left and right of cross channel Ge Liu and delivery port, all the other outlets are all provided with rubber stopper and stop up, flow graph can be as seen from Figure 3, current enter from the water inlet in the upper left corner, first point of prong shunting, a part who continue to turn right along cross channel mobile, another part water longitudinally water channel toward current downflow, while flowing to blind hole bottommost, this part water transfers to flow toward the cross channel of below, while flowing to rightmost, because one of them outlet is plugged, water can converge from delivery port and flow out previously in mobile water in cross channel, delivery port and water inlet can select arbitrarily in cross channel, do not limited to, can connect a water pipe and water pump at delivery port, allow the water flowing out continue to receive on water inlet, can allow so whole water route form a circuit cycle, repeat to flow.
Below only just the present invention preferably example be described, but can not be interpreted as it is limitations on claims.The present invention not only limits to and above example, and its concrete structure allows to change, and those skilled in the art can make according to the present invention various changes and distortion, only otherwise depart from spirit of the present invention, all should belong to the defined scope of claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a mould of using for die casting saggar, comprise counterdie housing (1), in the middle of counterdie housing, be counterdie core rod (2), counterdie core rod top coupling has upper mould core (52), counterdie housing below is provided with backing plate (31), backing plate and press bed face (32) are fixing, it is characterized in that: described counterdie core rod is float mould core structure, formed with counterdie float mould core (22) by the fixing core rod (21) of counterdie, the fixing core rod of counterdie is close to press bed face, the fixing core rod of counterdie top is provided with core rod inner chamber (211), core rod intracavity bottom is provided with through hole, counterdie float mould core is built in core rod inner chamber, counterdie float mould core bottom is provided with center take blame for others (23), take blame for others and extend to press bed face below through the through hole of the fixing core rod of counterdie in center, between described counterdie housing inwall and counterdie core rod outer wall, be respectively equipped with 4 facing-wall boards (24), 4 facing-wall boards are connected and fixed at four mold inserts for edge (25), in described upper mould core, be inlaid with filling block (521), filling block outside is provided with cooling water channel (523), described upper mould core center is longitudinally run through and is provided with discharge duct (522).
2. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in the middle of described counterdie housing and backing plate, be provided with compound plate (33), the outer frame bottom of described wallboard and counterdie is all screwed on compound plate.
3. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described mold insert is rectangular cylinder, square-section wherein two diagonal angles is provided with interior concave arc (251), four sides of cylinder are equipped with draw-in groove (252), and kernel of section is provided with tapped through hole (253) realization and fixes with compound plate.
4. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described wallboard two sides are provided with raised line (241), and raised line and draw-in groove are fixed.
5. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described mold insert and the height of wallboard are higher than the height of counterdie housing.
6. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 1, is characterized in that: take blame for others and comprise cylinder ejector rod in described center, cylinder ejector rod outer cover has back-moving spring.
7. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper mould core cross section is inversion " protruding " word shape, bottom surface is provided with mold cavity, filling block (521) is built in mold cavity, described cooling water channel distributes and is " well " word shape on longitudinal cross-section, comprise two cross channels (523a) and two longitudinal water channels (523b), described cross channel is the through hole that left and right connects, and described longitudinal water channel is blind hole from top to bottom.
8. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described upper mould core is die hard steel body, and described filling block is modified 45# steel body.
9. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described cooling water channel is at water inlet of the left and right of cross channel Ge Liu and delivery port, and all the other outlets are all provided with rubber stopper and stop up.
10. a kind of mould of using for die casting saggar according to claim 9, is characterized in that: shown in discharge duct bottom be bell.
CN201410366023.4A 2014-07-29 2014-07-29 Die for casting saggar CN104117652A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104959509A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-07 重庆大学 Combined die with temperature regulated in segmented and independent mode through numerical control
CN106180633A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-07 冯强 Magnet steel die casting equipment

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6402493B1 (en) * 1997-08-27 2002-06-11 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Powder compacting apparatus
CN2603716Y (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-02-18 华中科技大学 Die forging forming mould of metal extrusion pressing
CN201711484U (en) * 2010-07-08 2011-01-19 北京机电研究所 Precision forging mould for floating straight-tooth cylindrical gear
CN203936357U (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-12 浙江立鑫高温耐火材料有限公司 A kind of mould of using for die casting saggar

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6402493B1 (en) * 1997-08-27 2002-06-11 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Powder compacting apparatus
CN2603716Y (en) * 2003-02-26 2004-02-18 华中科技大学 Die forging forming mould of metal extrusion pressing
CN201711484U (en) * 2010-07-08 2011-01-19 北京机电研究所 Precision forging mould for floating straight-tooth cylindrical gear
CN203936357U (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-12 浙江立鑫高温耐火材料有限公司 A kind of mould of using for die casting saggar

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
潘新浩: "匣钵成型模具的设计", 《模具工业》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104959509A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-10-07 重庆大学 Combined die with temperature regulated in segmented and independent mode through numerical control
CN104959509B (en) * 2015-06-03 2017-03-01 重庆大学 Numerical control sectional independent temperature assembling die
CN106180633A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-07 冯强 Magnet steel die casting equipment
CN106180633B (en) * 2016-08-29 2019-03-15 冯强 Magnet steel die casting equipment

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Effective date of abandoning: 20170301