CN104104262A - Power generation system - Google Patents

Power generation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104104262A
CN104104262A CN201310128503.2A CN201310128503A CN104104262A CN 104104262 A CN104104262 A CN 104104262A CN 201310128503 A CN201310128503 A CN 201310128503A CN 104104262 A CN104104262 A CN 104104262A
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China
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insulating barrier
molecular polymer
polymer insulating
output
control circuit
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CN201310128503.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104104262B (en
Inventor
徐传毅
张勇平
吴宝荣
郝立星
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纳米新能源(唐山)有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201310128503.2A priority Critical patent/CN104104262B/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2013/090766 external-priority patent/WO2014166286A1/en
Publication of CN104104262A publication Critical patent/CN104104262A/en
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Publication of CN104104262B publication Critical patent/CN104104262B/en

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Abstract

A power generation system disclosed by the present invention comprises a power generating device and an energy storage device, and the power generating device comprises at least one nanometer friction generator used for transforming the mechanical energy into the electric energy, a shell for accepting the at least one nanometer friction generator, a rotating shaft, at least one cam and fan blades, wherein the at least one nanometer friction generator is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the shell, a part of the rotating shaft is located outside the shell, and the other part of the rotating shaft extends into the shell; the at least one cam is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft inside the shell, and the fan blades are fixedly arranged at the end part of the rotating shaft outside the shell. In the power generation system provided by the present invention, the nanometer friction generator is used as a core part of the power generating device utilizing the wind power generation to transform the wind energy into the electric energy, and the energy storage device can store the electric energy, thereby realizing the wind power generation.

Description

Electricity generation system

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of nanometer technology, more particularly, relate to a kind of electricity generation system.

Background technology

In daily life, people utilize wind power generation or solar power generation for more common method.Wherein, the principle of wind power generation is to utilize wind-force to drive air vane rotation, then by booster engine, the speed of rotation is promoted, and impels generator generating.According to current windmill technology, be approximately the gentle breeze speed (degree of gentle breeze) of three meters per second, just can start generating.Wind power generation forms one upsurge just in the world, because wind power generation does not need to use fuel, also can not produce radiation or air pollution.But traditional wind-driven generator is bulky, with high costs, in the process of transportation and installation, to user, brought great inconvenience simultaneously.

Solar power generation is mainly to utilize silicon photocell, and solar energy is directly changed into electric energy, and the method energy transformation ratio is high, but Applicative time scope is little, and evening or rainy weather can not be used.And while using wind turbine power generation, its time limitation is stronger, the calm next normal power generation of cannot carrying out of situation at many days, so that affect the stable of household electricity.Between above-mentioned situation, adopt solar power generation and the wind-driven generator can complementary deficiency wherein in conjunction with generating, but while using at present two kinds of equipment to generate electricity, need manual switching simultaneously, not only loaded down with trivial details but also do not reach good effect.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention of the present invention is the defect for prior art, proposes a kind of electricity generation system, in order to solve in prior art wind-driven generator bulky, with high costs, transport and install difficult problem.

The invention provides a kind of electricity generation system, comprising: Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) and energy storage device;

Described Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) comprises: for mechanical energy is converted into electric energy at least one nano friction generator, hold housing, rotation axis, at least one cam and the flabellum of described at least one nano friction generator; Wherein, described at least one nano friction generator is installed on the inwall of described housing; A part for described rotation axis is positioned at described outside, and another part of described rotation axis extend into described enclosure interior; Described at least one cam is installed on the described rotation axis that is positioned at described enclosure interior; Described flabellum is installed in the end of the described rotation axis that is positioned at described outside;

Described energy storage device is connected with the output of described nano friction generator, for the electric energy of described nano friction generator output is stored.

Alternatively, each cam has a plurality of lug bosses, and when described flabellum drives described cam to rotate by described rotation axis, described nano friction generator is pushed in the end of described a plurality of lug bosses.

Alternatively, described housing is a cell body.

Alternatively, described housing has roof, and another part of described rotation axis extend into described enclosure interior through the roof of described housing.

Alternatively, described housing is column construction.

Alternatively, described energy storage device comprises: rectification circuit, the first ON-OFF control circuit, the first DC-DC control circuit and accumulator; Described rectification circuit is connected with the output of described at least one nano friction generator, receives the alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication of described at least one nano friction generator output and the described alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication is carried out to rectification processing to obtain direct voltage; Described the first ON-OFF control circuit is connected with described accumulator with described rectification circuit, described the first DC-DC control circuit, receive the direct voltage of described rectification circuit output and the instantaneous charging voltage of described accumulator feedback, according to the instantaneous charging voltage of the direct voltage of described rectification circuit output and described accumulator feedback, obtain the first control signal, described the first control signal is exported to described the first DC-DC control circuit; Described the first DC-DC control circuit is connected with described accumulator with described rectification circuit, described the first ON-OFF control circuit, according to the first control signal of described the first ON-OFF control circuit output, the direct voltage of described rectification circuit output is carried out to conversion process and export to described accumulator charging, obtain instantaneous charging voltage.

Alternatively, described Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) also comprises: solar panels; Described energy storage device also comprises: second switch control circuit and the second DC-DC control circuit; Described second switch control circuit is connected with described accumulator with the output of described solar panels, described the second DC-DC control circuit, receive the direct voltage of described solar panels output and the instantaneous charging voltage of described accumulator feedback, according to the instantaneous charging voltage of the direct voltage of described solar panels output and described accumulator feedback, obtain the second control signal, described the second control signal is exported to described the second DC-DC control circuit; Described the second DC-DC control circuit is connected with described accumulator with the output of described solar panels, described second switch control circuit, according to the second control signal of described second switch control circuit output, the direct voltage of described solar panels output is carried out to conversion process and export to described accumulator charging, obtain instantaneous charging voltage.

Alternatively, described Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) also comprises: solar panels; Described energy storage device comprises: the first ON-OFF control circuit, rectification circuit, switching circuit, second switch control circuit, DC-DC control circuit and accumulator; Described the first ON-OFF control circuit is connected with described at least one nano friction generator with the output of described solar panels, receive the direct voltage of described solar panels output, according to the direct voltage of described solar panels output, to described at least one nano friction generator output, be used for controlling the control signal whether nano friction generator works; Described rectification circuit is connected with the output of described at least one nano friction generator, receives the alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication of described at least one nano friction generator output and described alternating-current pulse signal is carried out to rectification processing to obtain direct voltage; The control end of described switching circuit is connected with the output of described solar panels, according to the input/output terminal of switching circuit described in the DC voltage control of described solar panels output, is communicated with the output of described solar panels or described rectification circuit; Described second switch control circuit is connected with described accumulator with the input/output terminal of described switching circuit, described DC-DC control circuit, receive the direct voltage of input/output terminal output and the instantaneous charging voltage of described accumulator feedback of described switching circuit, according to the controlled signal of instantaneous charging voltage of the direct voltage of the input/output terminal output of described switching circuit and described accumulator feedback, described control signal is exported to described DC-DC control circuit; Described DC-DC control circuit is connected with described accumulator with the input/output terminal of described switching circuit, described second switch control circuit, according to the control signal of described second switch control circuit output, the direct voltage of the input/output terminal output of described switching circuit is carried out to conversion process and export to described accumulator charging, obtain instantaneous charging voltage.

Alternatively, described accumulator is lithium ion battery, Ni-MH battery, lead-acid battery or ultracapacitor.

Alternatively, described nano friction generator comprises: the first electrode being cascading, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, and the second electrode; Wherein, described the first electrode is arranged on the first side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier; And the second side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is towards described the second electrode setting, and described the first electrode and the second electrode form the output of described nano friction generator.

Alternatively, the second side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is provided with micro-nano structure.

Alternatively, between described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and described the second electrode, be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements, described elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier with described the second electrode contact with separated.

Alternatively, described nano friction generator further comprises: be arranged on the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier between described the second electrode and described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, described the second electrode is arranged on the first side surface of described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier; And the second side surface of the second side surface of described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is oppositely arranged.

Alternatively, at least one face in two faces that described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier are oppositely arranged is provided with micro-nano structure.

Alternatively, between described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements, described elastomeric element contacts with separated with described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier for control described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier under the effect of external force.

Alternatively, described nano friction generator further comprises: be arranged on the thin layer between two parties between described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, wherein, described thin layer is between two parties polymer film layer, and described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier relatively described between two parties thin layer face and thin layer between two parties with respect at least one face in the face of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and/or described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier relative described between two parties at least one face in the face of thin layer and the face of relative the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier of thin layer be between two parties provided with micro-nano structure.

Alternatively, described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and be describedly provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between two parties between thin layer, this elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier with the described contact of thin layer between two parties with separated; And/or, described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and be describedly provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between two parties between thin layer, this elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier with the described contact of thin layer between two parties with separated.

Alternatively, described nano friction generator comprises: the first electrode being cascading, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, electrode layer between two parties, the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second electrode, wherein, described the first electrode is arranged on the first side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, described the second electrode is arranged on the first side surface of described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, described electrode layer is between two parties arranged between the second side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second side surface of described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, and described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier relatively described between two parties electrode layer face and electrode layer between two parties with respect at least one face in the face of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and/or described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier relative described between two parties at least one face in the face of electrode layer and the face of relative the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier of electrode layer be between two parties provided with micro-nano structure, after being connected with the second electrode, described the first electrode forms the output of described nano friction generator with described electrode layer between two parties.

Alternatively, described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and be describedly provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between two parties between electrode layer, this elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier with the described contact of electrode layer between two parties with separated; And/or, described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and be describedly provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between two parties between electrode layer, this elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier with the described contact of electrode layer between two parties with separated.

In electricity generation system provided by the invention, nano friction generator can be electric energy by wind energy transformation as utilizing the core component of the Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) of wind power generation, and energy storage device stores this electric energy, has realized and has utilized wind power generation.And, because the generating efficiency of nano friction generator itself is very high, make whole wind generator system have very high generating efficiency, add efficient project organization, realized a best generating efficiency.Meanwhile, it is convenient that the core component of this electricity generation system is produced, and shape, size not only can be machined to microminiaturization, realizes the microminiaturization of wind generator system; Also can be machined to large-size, realize high power generation.In addition, because nano friction generator is microminiaturized, filming, and then whole electricity generation system weight is reduced, cost has obtained great reduction simultaneously.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are the structural representation of two kinds of different cross sections of Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) in an embodiment of electricity generation system provided by the invention;

Fig. 3 is the circuit theory schematic diagram of an embodiment of electricity generation system provided by the invention;

Fig. 4 is the circuit theory schematic diagram of another embodiment of electricity generation system provided by the invention;

Fig. 5 is the circuit theory schematic diagram of the another embodiment of electricity generation system provided by the invention;

Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b show respectively perspective view and the cross-sectional view of the first structure of nano friction generator;

Fig. 7 a to Fig. 7 b shows respectively perspective view and the cross-sectional view of the second structure of nano friction generator;

Fig. 7 c show nano friction generator the second structure there is elastomeric element as the perspective view of support arm;

Fig. 8 a and Fig. 8 b show respectively perspective view and the cross-sectional view of the third structure of nano friction generator;

Fig. 9 a and Fig. 9 b show respectively perspective view and the cross-sectional view of the 4th kind of structure of nano friction generator.

Embodiment

For fully understanding the present invention's object, feature and effect, by following concrete execution mode, the present invention is elaborated, but the present invention is not restricted to this.

Bulky, with high costs for wind-driven generator in prior art, transport and install difficult problem, the invention provides a kind of nano friction generator that adopts as the electricity generation system of core component of utilizing the Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) of wind-force.This electricity generation system specifically comprises Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) and energy storage device.Wherein Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) comprises at least one nano friction generator, the housing that holds these nano friction generators, rotation axis, at least one cam and flabellum.Wherein, at least one nano friction generator is installed on the inwall of housing; A part for rotation axis is positioned at outside, and another part extend into enclosure interior; At least one cam is installed on the rotation axis that is positioned at enclosure interior; Flabellum is installed in the end of the rotation axis that is positioned at outside.Energy storage device is connected with the output of nano friction generator, for the electric energy of nano friction generator output is stored.The operation principle of this electricity generation system is: when wind is moving while being positioned at the flabellum of outside, flabellum drives rotation axis to rotate, further rotation axis band moving cam rotates, in cam rotation process, can push nano friction generator, make nano friction generator produce mechanical deformation, thereby produce the alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication, energy storage device carries out this alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication to store after suitable conversion, in order to the use of external electric equipment.

Below by several specific embodiments, the structure of electricity generation system and operation principle are described in detail.

Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are the structural representation of two kinds of different cross sections of Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) in an embodiment of electricity generation system provided by the invention.As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in the electricity generation system providing at the present embodiment, Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) comprises a plurality of nano friction generators 10, holds the housing 20 of these nano friction generators 10, rotation axis 21, a plurality of cam 22 and flabellum 23.The present invention is not restricted the number of nano friction generator, and the concrete structure of nano friction generator will be described in detail later.

In the present invention, housing 20 is column construction.Housing 20 shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is a four-prism structure.A plurality of nano friction generators 10 are evenly distributed on 4 sidewalls of housing 20.

A part for rotation axis 21 is positioned at outside, and the end of this part rotation axis is installed with flabellum 23.Another part of rotation axis 21 is positioned at enclosure interior, and the diapire to housing 20 is supported in the end of this part rotation axis.

As shown in Figure 2, be positioned on the rotation axis 21 of enclosure interior and be installed with a plurality of cams 22, a plurality of cams 22 intervals arrange, and each cam is used for extruding 4 the nano friction generators corresponding with it.Particularly, each cam has a plurality of lug bosses, as shown in Figure 1, cam 22 has 3 lug bosses 24, the top of this lug boss 24 is slightly larger than nano friction generator 10 to the distance of rotation axis 21 to the distance of rotation axis 21, in cam 22 rotation processes, the end of the lug boss 24 of cam 22 will contact and push nano friction generator 10 like this.In Fig. 2, the lug boss of cam 22 does not touch nano friction generator 10, and now the end of the lug boss of cam 22 does not also arrive the nano friction generator on these two sidewalls.

Above-mentioned housing 20 can be a cell body, be that housing 20 does not have roof, so a part of wind can directly be circulated into housing 20 inside, and this part wind is crossed nano friction generator and also can be driven nano friction generator 10 to produce certain mechanical deformation, thereby produces electric energy.Or housing 20 has roof, another part of rotation axis 21 extend into housing 20 inside through the roof of housing 20.

The operation principle of the Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 is: when wind out-of-date, can make flabellum 23 rotate, flabellum 23 drives rotation axis 21 to rotate, further rotation axis 21 drives a plurality of cams 22 to rotate, the end extruding nano friction generator 10 of cam 22 its lug boss in rotation process, make nano friction generator 10 produce mechanical deformation, thereby produce electric energy.

Structure based on above-mentioned Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), will further introduce structure and the operation principle of whole electricity generation system below.

Fig. 3 is the circuit theory schematic diagram of an embodiment of electricity generation system provided by the invention.As shown in Figure 3, energy storage device comprises: rectification circuit 30, the first ON-OFF control circuit 31, the first DC-DC control circuit 32 and accumulator 33.Wherein, rectification circuit 30 is connected with the output of nano friction generator 10, and rectification circuit 30 receives the alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication of nano friction generator 10 outputs, this alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication is carried out to rectification processing and obtain direct voltage U1; The first ON-OFF control circuit 31 is connected with accumulator 33 with rectification circuit 30, the first DC-DC control circuit 32, the first ON-OFF control circuit 31 receives the direct voltage U1 of rectification circuit 30 outputs and the instantaneous charging voltage U2 of accumulator 33 feedbacks, according to this direct voltage U1 and instantaneous charging voltage U2, obtain the first control signal S1, the first control signal S1 is exported to the first DC-DC control circuit 32; The first DC-DC control circuit 32 is connected with accumulator 33 with rectification circuit 30, the first ON-OFF control circuit 31, the first DC-DC control circuit 32 carries out conversion process according to the first control signal S1 of the first ON-OFF control circuit 31 outputs to the direct voltage U1 of rectification circuit 30 outputs and exports to accumulator 33 chargings, obtains instantaneous charging voltage U2.

The operation principle of the electricity generation system shown in Fig. 3 is: when wind-force acts on nano friction generator 10, can make nano friction generator 10 that mechanical deformation occurs, thereby produce the alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication.Rectification circuit 30 receives after this alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication, and it is carried out to rectification processing, obtains the direct voltage U1 of unidirectional pulsation.The first ON-OFF control circuit 31 receives after the direct voltage U1 of rectification circuit 30 outputs and the instantaneous charging voltage U2 of accumulator 33 feedbacks, direct voltage U1 and instantaneous charging voltage U2 are compared with the voltage U 0 that is full of of accumulator 33 respectively, if direct voltage U1 is higher than being full of voltage U 0 and instantaneous charging voltage U2 lower than being full of voltage U 0, now the first ON-OFF control circuit 31 is exported the first control signal S1, control the first DC-DC control circuit 32 the direct voltage U1 of rectification circuit 30 outputs is carried out to step-down processing, exporting to accumulator 33 charges, obtain instantaneous charging voltage U2, if direct voltage U1 is lower than equaling to be full of voltage U 0 and instantaneous charging voltage U2 lower than being full of voltage U 0, now the first ON-OFF control circuit 31 is exported the first control signal S1, control the first DC-DC control circuit 32 by the direct voltage U1 of the rectification circuit 30 output processing of boosting, export to accumulator 33 and charge, obtain instantaneous charging voltage U2, and for example the instantaneous charging voltage U2 of fruit equals or in short-term higher than being full of voltage U 0, no matter direct voltage U1 is higher or lower than being full of voltage U 0, now first ON-OFF control circuit 31 output the first control signal S1, control the first DC-DC control circuit 32 it are stopped as accumulator 33 chargings.Above-mentioned control mode is only a concrete example, and the present invention does not limit this, and the control mode that also can adopt other is accumulator charging.

Alternatively, accumulator 33 can be the energy-storage travelling wave tubes such as lithium ion battery, Ni-MH battery, lead-acid battery or ultracapacitor.

In the electricity generation system providing at above-described embodiment, nano friction generator can be electric energy by wind energy transformation as utilizing the core component of the Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) of wind power generation, and energy storage device stores this electric energy, has realized and has utilized wind power generation.And, because the generating efficiency of nano friction generator itself is very high, make whole wind generator system have very high generating efficiency, add efficient project organization, realized a best generating efficiency.Meanwhile, it is convenient that the core component of this electricity generation system is produced, and shape, size not only can be machined to microminiaturization, realizes the microminiaturization of wind generator system; Also can be machined to large-size, realize high power generation.In addition, because nano friction generator is microminiaturized, filming, and then whole electricity generation system weight is reduced, cost has obtained great reduction simultaneously.

Further, the Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) of above-mentioned electricity generation system provided by the present invention can also comprise solar panels, by the use that combines of wind power generation system and solar power system, realizes the dual collection utilization of wind energy and solar energy.

Fig. 4 is the circuit theory schematic diagram of another embodiment of electricity generation system provided by the invention.The difference part of electricity generation system shown in the electricity generation system shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 3 is to have increased solar panels 40, and energy storage device further comprises second switch control circuit 41 and the second DC-DC control circuit 42.

Wherein second switch control circuit 41 is connected with accumulator 33 with output, the second DC-DC control circuit 42 of solar panels 40, second switch control circuit 41 receives the direct voltage U3 of solar panels 40 outputs and the instantaneous charging voltage U2 of accumulator 33 feedbacks, according to direct voltage U3 and instantaneous charging voltage U2, obtain the second control signal S2, the second control signal S2 is exported to the second DC-DC control circuit 42.The second DC-DC control circuit 42 is connected with output, second switch control circuit 41 and the accumulator 33 of solar panels 40, the second DC-DC control circuit 42 carries out conversion process according to the second control signal S2 of second switch control circuit 41 outputs to the direct voltage U3 of solar panels 40 outputs and exports to accumulator 33 chargings, obtains instantaneous charging voltage U2.

The operation principle of foregoing circuit is: when solar irradiation is mapped on solar panels 40, solar panels 40 can be direct current energy by transform light energy, output dc voltage U3.Second switch control circuit 41 receives after the direct voltage U3 of solar panels 40 outputs and the instantaneous charging voltage U2 of accumulator 33 feedbacks, direct voltage U3 and instantaneous charging voltage U2 are compared with the voltage U 0 that is full of of accumulator 33 respectively, if direct voltage U3 is higher than being full of voltage U 0 and instantaneous charging voltage U2 lower than being full of voltage U 0, now second switch control circuit 41 is exported the second control signal S2, control the second DC-DC control circuit 42 the direct voltage U3 of solar panels 40 outputs is carried out to step-down processing, exporting to accumulator 33 charges, obtain instantaneous charging voltage U2, if direct voltage U3 is lower than equaling to be full of voltage U 0 and instantaneous charging voltage U2 lower than being full of voltage U 0, now second switch control circuit 41 is exported the second control signal S2, control the second DC-DC control circuit 42 by the direct voltage U3 of the solar panels 40 output processing of boosting, export to accumulator 33 and charge, obtain instantaneous charging voltage U2, and for example the instantaneous charging voltage U2 of fruit equals or in short-term higher than being full of voltage U 0, no matter direct voltage U3 is higher or lower than being full of voltage U 0, now second switch control circuit 41 output the second control signal S2, control the second DC-DC control circuit 42 it are stopped as accumulator 33 chargings.Above-mentioned control mode is only a concrete example, and the present invention does not limit this, and the control mode that also can adopt other is accumulator charging.

The feature of the electricity generation system shown in Fig. 4 is to adopt solar panels and nano friction generator simultaneously for accumulator charges, wherein nano friction generator is collected wind energy, solar panels are collected solar energy, these two high efficiency systems are superimposed, and the efficiency of whole system is significantly promoted.

Fig. 5 is the circuit theory schematic diagram of the another embodiment of electricity generation system provided by the invention.As shown in Figure 5, the Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) of this electricity generation system, except comprising above-mentioned nano friction generator and associated components thereof, also comprises solar panels 50; Further, energy storage device comprises: the first ON-OFF control circuit 51, rectification circuit 52, switching circuit 53, second switch control circuit 54, DC-DC control circuit 55 and accumulator 56.

Wherein the first ON-OFF control circuit 51 is connected with output, the nano friction generator 10 of solar panels 50, the first ON-OFF control circuit 51 receives the direct voltage U4 of solar panels 50 outputs, according to direct voltage U4, to 10 outputs of nano friction generator, is used for controlling the control signal S3 whether nano friction generator works.Rectification circuit 52 is connected with the output of nano friction generator 10, and rectification circuit 52 receives the alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication of nano friction generator 10 outputs, this alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication is carried out to rectification processing and obtain direct voltage U5.The control end of switching circuit 53 is connected with the output of solar panels 50, according to the input/output terminal of direct voltage U4 control switch circuit 53 and output or the rectification circuit 52 of solar panels 50 of solar panels 50 outputs, is communicated with.If the input/output terminal of switching circuit 53 is communicated with the output of solar panels 50, the direct voltage U6 of the input/output terminal of switching circuit 53 output equals U4 so; If the input/output terminal of switching circuit 53 is communicated with rectification circuit 52, the direct voltage U6 of the input/output terminal of switching circuit 53 output equals U5 so.Second switch control circuit 54 is connected with input/output terminal, DC-DC control circuit 55 and the accumulator 56 of switching circuit 53, the direct voltage U6 of the input/output terminal output of second switch control circuit 54 receiving key circuit 53 and the instantaneous charging voltage U7 of accumulator 56 feedbacks, according to direct voltage U6 and the controlled signal S4 of instantaneous charging voltage U7, control signal S4 is exported to DC-DC control circuit 55.DC-DC control circuit 55 is connected with input/output terminal, second switch control circuit 54 and the accumulator 56 of switching circuit 53, according to the control signal S4 of second switch control circuit 54 outputs, the direct voltage U6 of the input/output terminal output of switching circuit 53 is carried out to conversion process and export to accumulator 56 chargings, obtain instantaneous charging voltage U7.

The operation principle of this electricity generation system is: when solar irradiation is mapped on solar panels 50, solar panels 50 can be direct current energy by transform light energy, output dc voltage U4.The control end of switching circuit 53 and the first ON-OFF control circuit 51 can receive this direct voltage U4 simultaneously, direct voltage U4 and the operating voltage U ' being pre-configured in switching circuit 53 and the first ON-OFF control circuit 51 are compared, if U4 is more than or equal to U ', switching circuit 53 is controlled its input/output terminal and is communicated with the output of solar panels 50, and meanwhile the first ON-OFF control circuit 51 is used for controlling the out-of-work control signal S3 of nano friction generator 10 to 10 outputs of nano friction generator; If U4 is less than U ', the first ON-OFF control circuit 51 is to 10 outputs of nano friction generator for controlling the control signal S3 that nano friction generator 10 works on, and meanwhile switching circuit 53 its input/output terminals of control are communicated with rectification circuit 52.After the direct voltage U6 of the input/output terminal output of second switch control circuit 54 receiving key circuit 53 and the instantaneous charging voltage U7 of accumulator 56 feedbacks, direct voltage U6 and instantaneous charging voltage U7 are compared with the voltage U 0 that is full of of accumulator 56 respectively, if direct voltage U6 is higher than being full of voltage U 0 and instantaneous charging voltage U7 lower than being full of voltage U 0, now second switch control circuit 54 is exported control signal S4, control DC-DC control circuit 55 the direct voltage U6 of the input/output terminal output of switching circuit 53 is carried out to step-down processing, exporting to accumulator 56 charges, obtain instantaneous charging voltage U7, if direct voltage U6 is lower than equaling to be full of voltage U 0 and instantaneous charging voltage U7 lower than being full of voltage U 0, now second switch control circuit 54 is exported control signal S4, control DC-DC control circuit 55 by the direct voltage U6 processing of boosting, export to accumulator 56 and charge, obtain instantaneous charging voltage U7, and for example the instantaneous charging voltage U7 of fruit equals or in short-term higher than being full of voltage U 0, no matter direct voltage U6 is higher or lower than being full of voltage U 0, now second switch control circuit 54 output control signal S4, control DC-DC control circuit 55 it are stopped as accumulator 56 chargings.Above-mentioned control mode is only a concrete example, and the present invention does not limit this, and the control mode that also can adopt other is accumulator charging.

Alternatively, accumulator 56 can be the energy-storage travelling wave tubes such as lithium ion battery, Ni-MH battery, lead-acid battery or ultracapacitor.

The feature of the electricity generation system shown in Fig. 5 is to adopt solar panels and nano friction generator alternately for accumulator charges, and wherein nano friction generator is collected wind energy, and solar panels are collected solar energy.Sort circuit flexible design, can automatically switch according to actual conditions, the in the situation that of solar energy abundance, adopting solar panels is that accumulator charges, and nano friction generator is quit work, extended the useful life of nano friction generator and rectification circuit; The in the situation that of solar energy deficiency, adopting nano friction generator is that accumulator charges, and has greatly improved the generating efficiency of whole system.

Structure and the operation principle of the nano friction generator in electricity generation system will be introduced in detail below.

The first structure of nano friction generator is as shown in Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b.Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b show respectively perspective view and the cross-sectional view of the first structure of nano friction generator.This nano friction generator comprises: the first electrode 61, the first high molecular polymer insulating barriers 62 that are cascading, and the second electrode 63.Particularly, the first electrode 61 is arranged on the first side surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 62; And the Surface Contact friction of the second side surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 62 and the second electrode 63 also induces electric charge at the second electrode 63 and the first electrode 61 places.Therefore, the first above-mentioned electrode 61 and the second electrode 63 form two outputs of nano friction generator.

In order to improve the generating capacity of nano friction generator, at second side surface (being on the face of relative the second electrode 63) of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 62, be further provided with micro-nano structure 64.Therefore, when nano friction generator is squeezed, apparent surface's contact friction better of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 62 and the second electrode 63, and induce more electric charge at the first electrode 61 and the second electrode 63 places.Because the second above-mentioned electrode 63 is mainly used in and the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 62 frictions, therefore, the second electrode 63 also can be referred to as the electrode that rubs.

Above-mentioned micro-nano structure 64 specifically can be taked following two kinds of possible implementations: first kind of way is that this micro-nano structure is micron order or nano level very little concaveconvex structure.This concaveconvex structure can increase frictional resistance, improves generating efficiency.Described concaveconvex structure can directly form when film preparation, and method that also can enough polishings makes the surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier form irregular concaveconvex structure.Particularly, this concaveconvex structure can be the concaveconvex structure of semicircle, striated, cubic type, rectangular pyramid or the shape such as cylindrical.The second way is, this micro-nano structure is the poroid structure of nanoscale, now the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier material therefor is preferably Kynoar (PVDF), and its thickness is the preferred 1.0mm of 0.5-1.2mm(), and the face of its relative the second electrode is provided with a plurality of nano-pores.Wherein, the size of each nano-pore, width and the degree of depth, can select according to the needs of application, and preferred nano-pore is of a size of: width is that 10-100nm and the degree of depth are 4-50 μ m.The quantity of nano-pore can output current value and magnitude of voltage as required be adjusted, and preferably these nano-pores are that pitch of holes is being uniformly distributed of 2-30 μ m, and preferred average pitch of holes is being uniformly distributed of 9 μ m.

Lower mask body is introduced the operation principle of the nano friction generator shown in Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b.When each layer of this nano friction generator is squeezed, the second electrode 63 in nano friction generator produces electrostatic charge with the surperficial phase mutual friction of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 62, the generation of electrostatic charge can make the electric capacity between the first electrode 61 and the second electrode 63 change, thereby causes occurring electrical potential difference between the first electrode 61 and the second electrode 63.Because the first electrode 61 is connected with energy storage device with the output of the second electrode 63 as nano friction generator, energy storage device forms the external circuit of nano friction generator, between two outputs of nano friction generator, is equivalent to be communicated with by external circuit.When each layer of this nano friction generator returns to original state, the built-in potential being at this moment formed between the first electrode and the second electrode disappears, and now between Balanced the first electrode and the second electrode, will again produce reverse electrical potential difference.By repeatedly rubbing and recovering, just can in external circuit, form the periodic alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication.

According to inventor's research, find, metal and high molecular polymer friction, the more volatile de-electromation of metal, therefore adopts metal electrode and high molecular polymer friction can improve energy output.Therefore, correspondingly, in the nano friction generator shown in Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b, the second electrode is because needs rub as friction electrode (being metal) and the first high molecular polymer, therefore its material can be selected from metal or alloy, and wherein metal can be Au Ag Pt Pd, aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, selenium, iron, manganese, molybdenum, tungsten or vanadium; Alloy can be aluminium alloy, titanium alloy, magnesium alloy, beryllium alloy, copper alloy, kirsite, manganese alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, ashbury metal, cadmium alloy, bismuth alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, tungsten alloy, molybdenum alloy, niobium alloy or tantalum alloy.The first electrode rubs owing to not needing, therefore, except can selecting the material of above-mentioned the second electrode of enumerating, other materials that can make electrode also can be applied, that is to say, the first electrode is except being selected from metal or alloy, and wherein metal can be Au Ag Pt Pd, aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, selenium, iron, manganese, molybdenum, tungsten or vanadium; Alloy can be outside aluminium alloy, titanium alloy, magnesium alloy, beryllium alloy, copper alloy, kirsite, manganese alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, ashbury metal, cadmium alloy, bismuth alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, tungsten alloy, molybdenum alloy, niobium alloy or tantalum alloy, can also be selected from the nonmetallic materials such as indium tin oxide, Graphene, nano silver wire film.

In the structure shown in Fig. 6 a, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second electrode are over against laminating, and rubberized fabric adhere by outer ledge together, but the present invention is not limited only to this.Between the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second electrode, can be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements, spring for example, these springs are distributed in the outer ledge of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second electrode, are used to form the resilient support arms between the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second electrode.When External Force Acting is during in nano friction generator, nano friction generator is squeezed, and spring is compressed, makes the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second electrode contact form frictional interface; When external force disappears, spring is upspring, and makes the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second electrode separation, and nano friction generator returns to original state.

The second structure of nano friction generator is as shown in Fig. 7 a and Fig. 7 b.Fig. 7 a and Fig. 7 b show respectively perspective view and the cross-sectional view of the second structure of nano friction generator.This nano friction generator comprises: the first electrode 71, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72, the second high molecular polymer insulating barriers 74 and the second electrodes 73 that are cascading.Particularly, the first electrode 71 is arranged on the first side surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72; The second electrode 73 is arranged on the first side surface of the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74; Wherein, the second side surface contact friction of the second side surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74 induce electric charge at the first electrode 71 and the second electrode 73 places.Wherein, the first electrode 71 and the second electrode 73 form two outputs of nano friction generator.

In order to improve the generating capacity of nano friction generator, at least one face in two faces that the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74 are oppositely arranged is provided with micro-nano structure.In Fig. 7 b, the face of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 is provided with micro-nano structure 75.Therefore, when nano friction generator is squeezed, apparent surface's contact friction better of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74, and induce more electric charge at the first electrode 71 and the second electrode 73 places.Above-mentioned micro-nano structure can, with reference to description above, repeat no more herein.

The operation principle of the nano friction generator shown in the operation principle of the nano friction generator shown in Fig. 7 a and Fig. 7 b and Fig. 6 a and Fig. 6 b is similar.Difference is only, when each layer of the nano friction generator shown in Fig. 7 a and Fig. 7 b is squeezed, is to produce electrostatic charge by the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 and the surperficial phase mutual friction of the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74.Therefore, the operation principle about the nano friction generator shown in Fig. 7 a and Fig. 7 b repeats no more herein.

Nano friction generator shown in Fig. 7 a and Fig. 7 b mainly produces the signal of telecommunication by the friction between polymer (the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier) and polymer (the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier).

In this structure, the first electrode and the second electrode material therefor can be indium tin oxide, Graphene, nano silver wire film, metal or alloy, and wherein metal can be Au Ag Pt Pd, aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, selenium, iron, manganese, molybdenum, tungsten or vanadium; Alloy can be aluminium alloy, titanium alloy, magnesium alloy, beryllium alloy, copper alloy, kirsite, manganese alloy, nickel alloy, lead alloy, ashbury metal, cadmium alloy, bismuth alloy, indium alloy, gallium alloy, tungsten alloy, molybdenum alloy, niobium alloy or tantalum alloy.In above-mentioned two kinds of structures, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier are selected from respectively polyimide film, aniline-formaldehyde resin film, polyformaldehyde film, ethyl cellulose film, polyamide film, melamino-formaldehyde film, polyethylene glycol succinate film, cellophane, cellulose acetate film, polyethylene glycol adipate film, polydiallyl phthalate film, fiber (regeneration) sponge film, elastic polyurethane body thin film, styrene-acrylonitrile copolymer copolymer film, styrene-butadiene-copolymer film, staple fibre film, poly-methyl film, methacrylic acid ester film, polyvinyl alcohol film, polyvinyl alcohol film, polyester film, polyisobutene film, polyurethane flexible sponge film, pet film, polyvinyl butyral film, formaldehyde phenol film, neoprene film, butadiene-propylene copolymer film, natural rubber film, polyacrylonitrile film, a kind of in acrylonitrile vinyl chloride film and polyethylene the third diphenol carbonate thin film.Wherein, in the second structure, the material of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier can be identical in principle, also can be different.But, if the material of two-layer high molecular polymer insulating barrier is all identical, can cause the quantity of electric charge of triboelectrification very little.Therefore preferably, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is different from the material of the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier.

In the structure shown in Fig. 7 a, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74 are over against laminating, and rubberized fabric adhere by outer ledge together, but the present invention is not limited only to this.Between the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74, can be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements, Fig. 7 c show nano friction generator the second structure there is elastomeric element as the perspective view of support arm, as shown in Figure 7 c, elastomeric element is chosen as spring 70, these springs 70 are distributed in the outer ledge of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74, are used to form the resilient support arms between the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74.When External Force Acting is during in nano friction generator, nano friction generator is squeezed, and spring 70 is compressed, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 is contacted with the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74 and form frictional interface; When external force disappears, spring 70 is upspring, and makes the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 72 separated with the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 74, and nano friction generator returns to original state.

Except above-mentioned two kinds of structures, nano friction generator can also adopt the third structure to realize, as shown in Fig. 8 a and Fig. 8 b.Fig. 8 a and Fig. 8 b show respectively perspective view and the cross-sectional view of the third structure of nano friction generator.As can be seen from the figure, the third structure has increased a thin layer between two parties on the basis of the second structure, that is: the nano friction generator of the third structure comprises the first electrode 81 of being cascading, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 82, thin layer 80, the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 84 and the second electrode 83 between two parties.Particularly, the first electrode 81 is arranged on the first side surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 82; The second electrode 83 is arranged on the first side surface of the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 84, and thin layer 80 is arranged between the second side surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 82 and the second side surface of the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 84 between two parties.Wherein, at least one face in two faces that described thin layer between two parties 80 and the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 82 are oppositely arranged is provided with micro-nano structure 85, and/or at least one face in two faces being oppositely arranged of described thin layer between two parties 80 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 84 is provided with micro-nano structure 85, concrete set-up mode about micro-nano structure 85 can, with reference to above describing, repeat no more herein.

The material of the nano friction generator shown in Fig. 8 a and Fig. 8 b can be selected with reference to the material of the nano friction generator of aforesaid the second structure.Wherein, thin layer also can be selected from any one in transparent high polymer PETG (PET), dimethyl silicone polymer (PDMS), polystyrene (PS), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), Merlon (PC) and polymeric liquid crystal copolymer (LCP) between two parties.Wherein, the material preferably clear high polymer PETG (PET) of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier; Wherein, the preferred dimethyl silicone polymer of the material of described thin layer between two parties (PDMS).The first above-mentioned high molecular polymer insulating barrier, the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, the material of thin layer can be identical between two parties, also can be different.But, if the material of three floor height Molecularly Imprinted Polymer insulating barriers is all identical, can cause the quantity of electric charge of triboelectrification very little, therefore,, in order to improve friction effect, the material of thin layer is different from the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier between two parties, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is preferably identical with the material of the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, like this, can reduce material category, make making of the present invention convenient.

In the implementation shown in Fig. 8 a and Fig. 8 b, thin layer 80 is one layer of polymeric films between two parties, therefore similar with the implementation shown in Fig. 7 a and Fig. 7 b in fact, remain and generate electricity by the friction between polymer (thin layer between two parties) and polymer (the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier).Wherein, easily preparation and stable performance of thin layer between two parties.

If at least one face in two faces that thin layer and the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier are oppositely arranged is between two parties provided with micro-nano structure, in the structure shown in Fig. 8 a, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and between two parties thin layer are over against laminating, and rubberized fabric adhere by outer ledge together, but the present invention is not limited only to this.The first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and can be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between thin layer between two parties, spring for example, these springs are distributed in the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the outer ledge of thin layer between two parties, are used to form the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the resilient support arms between thin layer between two parties.When External Force Acting is during in nano friction generator, nano friction generator is squeezed, and spring is compressed, makes the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier contact and form frictional interface with thin layer between two parties; When external force disappears, spring is upspring, and makes the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and thin layer is separated between two parties, and nano friction generator returns to original state.

If at least one face in two faces that thin layer and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier are oppositely arranged is between two parties provided with micro-nano structure, in the structure shown in Fig. 8 a, the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and between two parties thin layer are over against laminating, and rubberized fabric adhere by outer ledge together, but the present invention is not limited only to this.The second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and can be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between thin layer between two parties, spring for example, these springs are distributed in the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the outer ledge of thin layer between two parties, are used to form the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the resilient support arms between thin layer between two parties.When External Force Acting is during in nano friction generator, nano friction generator is squeezed, and spring is compressed, makes the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier contact and form frictional interface with thin layer between two parties; When external force disappears, spring is upspring, and makes the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and thin layer is separated between two parties, and nano friction generator returns to original state.

Alternatively, elastomeric element can be arranged between two parties thin layer and the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier simultaneously, between two parties between thin layer and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier.

In addition, nano friction generator can also adopt the 4th kind of structure to realize, as shown in Fig. 9 a and Fig. 9 b, comprise: the first electrode 91 being cascading, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 92, between two parties electrode layer 90, the second high molecular polymer insulating barriers 94 and the second electrode 93; Wherein, the first electrode 91 is arranged on the first side surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 92; The second electrode 93 is arranged on the first side surface of the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 94, and electrode layer 90 is arranged between the second side surface of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 92 and the second side surface of the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 94 between two parties.Wherein, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 92 is provided with micro-nano structure (not shown) at least one face in the face of the face of electrode layers 90 and relative the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 92 of electrode layer 90 between two parties relatively between two parties; And/or the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 94 is provided with micro-nano structure (not shown) at least one face in the face of the face of electrode layers 90 and relative the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 94 of electrode layer 90 between two parties relatively between two parties.In this mode, by rubbing between electrode layer 90 and the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier 92 and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier 94 and produce electrostatic charge between two parties, thus will be between two parties produce electrical potential difference between electrode layer 90 and the first electrode 91 and the second electrode 93, now, the first electrode 91 and the second electrode 93 series connection are an output of nano friction generator; Electrode layer 90 is another output of nano friction generator between two parties.

In the structure shown in Fig. 9 a and Fig. 9 b, the material of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, the first electrode and the second electrode can be selected with reference to the material of the nano friction generator of aforesaid the second structure.Electrode layer can be selected conductive film, conducting polymer, metal material between two parties, metal material comprises simple metal and alloy, simple metal is selected from Au Ag Pt Pd, aluminium, nickel, copper, titanium, chromium, selenium, iron, manganese, molybdenum, tungsten, vanadium etc., and alloy can be selected from light-alloy (aluminium alloy, titanium alloy, magnesium alloy, beryllium alloy etc.), heavy non-ferrous alloy (copper alloy, kirsite, manganese alloy, nickel alloy etc.), low-melting alloy (lead, tin, cadmium, bismuth, indium, gallium and alloy thereof), refractory alloy (tungsten alloy, molybdenum alloy, niobium alloy, tantalum alloy etc.).Preferred 100 μ m-500 μ m, more preferably 200 μ m of the thickness of electrode layer between two parties.

If the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is provided with micro-nano structure at least one face in the face of electrode layer and the face of relative the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier of electrode layer between two parties relatively between two parties, in the structure shown in Fig. 9 a, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and between two parties electrode layer are over against laminating, and rubberized fabric adhere by outer ledge together, but the present invention is not limited only to this.The first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and can be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between electrode layer between two parties, spring for example, these springs are distributed in the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the outer ledge of electrode layer between two parties, are used to form the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the resilient support arms between electrode layer between two parties.When External Force Acting is during in nano friction generator, nano friction generator is squeezed, and spring is compressed, makes the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier contact and form frictional interface with electrode layer between two parties; When external force disappears, spring is upspring, and makes the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and electrode layer is separated between two parties, and nano friction generator returns to original state.

If the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier is provided with micro-nano structure at least one face in the face of electrode layer and the face of relative the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier of electrode layer between two parties relatively between two parties, in the structure shown in Fig. 9 a, the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and between two parties electrode layer are over against laminating, and rubberized fabric adhere by outer ledge together, but the present invention is not limited only to this.The second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and can be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between electrode layer between two parties, spring for example, these springs are distributed in the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the outer ledge of electrode layer between two parties, are used to form the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the resilient support arms between electrode layer between two parties.When External Force Acting is during in nano friction generator, nano friction generator is squeezed, and spring is compressed, makes the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier contact and form frictional interface with electrode layer between two parties; When external force disappears, spring is upspring, and makes the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and electrode layer is separated between two parties, and nano friction generator returns to original state.

Alternatively, elastomeric element can be arranged between two parties electrode layer and the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier simultaneously, between two parties between electrode layer and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier.

The wind generator system of employing nano friction generator provided by the invention and realized the dual collection utilization of wind energy and solar energy with the electricity generation system of solar energy combination, this has not only saved the energy, and clean environment firendly, has protected environment.Wind generator system for adopting nano friction generator, because the generating efficiency of nano friction generator itself is very high, and makes whole wind generator system have very high generating efficiency, adds efficient project organization, has realized a best generating efficiency.

The structure of the wind generator system of employing nano friction generator of the present invention can be designed to various ways, and structural design that can be different according to the different choice of application places has expanded the range of application of wind generator system.

Electricity generation system provided by the invention has realized the combination that nano friction generator is collected wind power generation and solar power generation, and the stack of two high efficiency subsystems, is greatly enhanced the efficiency of whole system.A kind of energy storage device is also provided in addition, this energy storage device flexible design, can automatically switch, not only storage nano triboelectricity machine is collected wind energy electricity and solar energy electricity simultaneously, storage nano triboelectricity machine be can also replace and wind energy electricity and solar energy electricity collected, simple to operate.

Finally; it should be noted that: what enumerate above is only specific embodiments of the invention; certainly those skilled in the art can change and modification the present invention; if these modifications and modification all should be thought protection scope of the present invention within belonging to the scope of the claims in the present invention and equivalent technologies thereof.

Claims (19)

1. an electricity generation system, is characterized in that, comprising: Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) and energy storage device;
Described Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) comprises: for mechanical energy is converted into electric energy at least one nano friction generator, hold housing, rotation axis, at least one cam and the flabellum of described at least one nano friction generator; Wherein, described at least one nano friction generator is installed on the inwall of described housing; A part for described rotation axis is positioned at described outside, and another part of described rotation axis extend into described enclosure interior; Described at least one cam is installed on the described rotation axis that is positioned at described enclosure interior; Described flabellum is installed in the end of the described rotation axis that is positioned at described outside;
Described energy storage device is connected with the output of described nano friction generator, for the electric energy of described nano friction generator output is stored.
2. electricity generation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, each cam has a plurality of lug bosses, and when described flabellum drives described cam to rotate by described rotation axis, described nano friction generator is pushed in the end of described a plurality of lug bosses.
3. electricity generation system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described housing is a cell body.
4. electricity generation system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described housing has roof, and another part of described rotation axis extend into described enclosure interior through the roof of described housing.
5. electricity generation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described housing is column construction.
6. electricity generation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described energy storage device comprises: rectification circuit, the first ON-OFF control circuit, the first DC-DC control circuit and accumulator;
Described rectification circuit is connected with the output of described at least one nano friction generator, receives the alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication of described at least one nano friction generator output and the described alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication is carried out to rectification processing to obtain direct voltage;
Described the first ON-OFF control circuit is connected with described accumulator with described rectification circuit, described the first DC-DC control circuit, receive the direct voltage of described rectification circuit output and the instantaneous charging voltage of described accumulator feedback, according to the instantaneous charging voltage of the direct voltage of described rectification circuit output and described accumulator feedback, obtain the first control signal, described the first control signal is exported to described the first DC-DC control circuit;
Described the first DC-DC control circuit is connected with described accumulator with described rectification circuit, described the first ON-OFF control circuit, according to the first control signal of described the first ON-OFF control circuit output, the direct voltage of described rectification circuit output is carried out to conversion process and export to described accumulator charging, obtain instantaneous charging voltage.
7. electricity generation system according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) also comprises: solar panels; Described energy storage device also comprises: second switch control circuit and the second DC-DC control circuit;
Described second switch control circuit is connected with described accumulator with the output of described solar panels, described the second DC-DC control circuit, receive the direct voltage of described solar panels output and the instantaneous charging voltage of described accumulator feedback, according to the instantaneous charging voltage of the direct voltage of described solar panels output and described accumulator feedback, obtain the second control signal, described the second control signal is exported to described the second DC-DC control circuit;
Described the second DC-DC control circuit is connected with described accumulator with the output of described solar panels, described second switch control circuit, according to the second control signal of described second switch control circuit output, the direct voltage of described solar panels output is carried out to conversion process and export to described accumulator charging, obtain instantaneous charging voltage.
8. electricity generation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT) also comprises: solar panels; Described energy storage device comprises: the first ON-OFF control circuit, rectification circuit, switching circuit, second switch control circuit, DC-DC control circuit and accumulator;
Described the first ON-OFF control circuit is connected with described at least one nano friction generator with the output of described solar panels, receive the direct voltage of described solar panels output, according to the direct voltage of described solar panels output, to described at least one nano friction generator output, be used for controlling the control signal whether nano friction generator works;
Described rectification circuit is connected with the output of described at least one nano friction generator, receives the alternating-current pulse signal of telecommunication of described at least one nano friction generator output and described alternating-current pulse signal is carried out to rectification processing to obtain direct voltage;
The control end of described switching circuit is connected with the output of described solar panels, according to the input/output terminal of switching circuit described in the DC voltage control of described solar panels output, is communicated with the output of described solar panels or described rectification circuit;
Described second switch control circuit is connected with described accumulator with the input/output terminal of described switching circuit, described DC-DC control circuit, receive the direct voltage of input/output terminal output and the instantaneous charging voltage of described accumulator feedback of described switching circuit, according to the controlled signal of instantaneous charging voltage of the direct voltage of the input/output terminal output of described switching circuit and described accumulator feedback, described control signal is exported to described DC-DC control circuit;
Described DC-DC control circuit is connected with described accumulator with the input/output terminal of described switching circuit, described second switch control circuit, according to the control signal of described second switch control circuit output, the direct voltage of the input/output terminal output of described switching circuit is carried out to conversion process and export to described accumulator charging, obtain instantaneous charging voltage.
9. according to the electricity generation system described in claim 6 or 7 or 8, it is characterized in that, described accumulator is lithium ion battery, Ni-MH battery, lead-acid battery or ultracapacitor.
10. electricity generation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described nano friction generator comprises: the first electrode being cascading, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, and the second electrode; Wherein, described the first electrode is arranged on the first side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier; And the second side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is towards described the second electrode setting, and described the first electrode and the second electrode form the output of described nano friction generator.
11. electricity generation systems according to claim 10, is characterized in that, the second side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is provided with micro-nano structure.
12. electricity generation systems according to claim 11, it is characterized in that, between described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and described the second electrode, be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements, described elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier with described the second electrode contact with separated.
13. electricity generation systems according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, described nano friction generator further comprises: be arranged on the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier between described the second electrode and described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, described the second electrode is arranged on the first side surface of described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier; And the second side surface of the second side surface of described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier is oppositely arranged.
14. electricity generation systems according to claim 13, is characterized in that, at least one face in two faces that described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier are oppositely arranged is provided with micro-nano structure.
15. electricity generation systems according to claim 14, it is characterized in that, between described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, be provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements, described elastomeric element contacts with separated with described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier for control described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier under the effect of external force.
16. electricity generation systems according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, described nano friction generator further comprises: be arranged on the thin layer between two parties between described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, wherein, described thin layer is between two parties polymer film layer, and described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier relatively described between two parties thin layer face and thin layer between two parties with respect at least one face in the face of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and/or described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier relative described between two parties at least one face in the face of thin layer and the face of relative the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier of thin layer be between two parties provided with micro-nano structure.
17. electricity generation systems according to claim 16, it is characterized in that, described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and be describedly provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between two parties between thin layer, this elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier with the described contact of thin layer between two parties with separated;
And/or, described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and be describedly provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between two parties between thin layer, this elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier with the described contact of thin layer between two parties with separated.
18. electricity generation systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described nano friction generator comprises: the first electrode being cascading, the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, electrode layer between two parties, the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second electrode, wherein, described the first electrode is arranged on the first side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier, described the second electrode is arranged on the first side surface of described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, described electrode layer is between two parties arranged between the second side surface of described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and the second side surface of described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier, and described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier relatively described between two parties electrode layer face and electrode layer between two parties with respect at least one face in the face of the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and/or described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier relative described between two parties at least one face in the face of electrode layer and the face of relative the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier of electrode layer be between two parties provided with micro-nano structure, after being connected with the second electrode, described the first electrode forms the output of described nano friction generator with described electrode layer between two parties.
19. electricity generation systems according to claim 18, it is characterized in that, described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier and be describedly provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between two parties between electrode layer, this elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the first high molecular polymer insulating barrier with the described contact of electrode layer between two parties with separated;
And/or, described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier and be describedly provided with a plurality of elastomeric elements between two parties between electrode layer, this elastomeric element under the effect of external force, control described the second high molecular polymer insulating barrier with the described contact of electrode layer between two parties with separated.
CN201310128503.2A 2013-04-12 2013-04-12 Power generation system CN104104262B (en)

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CN105490579A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-04-13 河南师范大学 Multi-layer linked folding friction generator
CN105897036A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-08-24 江苏大学 Friction electrostatic generator employing wind energy
CN107911041A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-04-13 王珏 A kind of compound self-driven Sensor Technique & Application of wind-force
CN110165929A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-23 东华大学 Wind Exciting-simulator system self-generating device based on auxetic structure
CN110661443A (en) * 2019-09-11 2020-01-07 北京理工大学 Contact separation type friction power generation device

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CN101510740A (en) * 2009-04-02 2009-08-19 吴速 System for generating using wind energy drive piezoelectric material
CN202679272U (en) * 2012-07-20 2013-01-16 纳米新能源(唐山)有限责任公司 A nanometer generator with mixed piezoelectric and triboelectric films
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CN105490579A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-04-13 河南师范大学 Multi-layer linked folding friction generator
CN105897036A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-08-24 江苏大学 Friction electrostatic generator employing wind energy
CN105897036B (en) * 2016-05-18 2018-04-24 江苏大学 A kind of frictional static generator using wind energy
CN107911041A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-04-13 王珏 A kind of compound self-driven Sensor Technique & Application of wind-force
CN110165929A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-08-23 东华大学 Wind Exciting-simulator system self-generating device based on auxetic structure
CN110661443A (en) * 2019-09-11 2020-01-07 北京理工大学 Contact separation type friction power generation device

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