CN104066469B - Deployable integrated anesthesia system - Google Patents

Deployable integrated anesthesia system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104066469B
CN104066469B CN201280061261.3A CN201280061261A CN104066469B CN 104066469 B CN104066469 B CN 104066469B CN 201280061261 A CN201280061261 A CN 201280061261A CN 104066469 B CN104066469 B CN 104066469B
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system
embodiment
anesthesia
portion
port
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CN201280061261.3A
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CN104066469A (en
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R.托比亚
A.利瓦伊
G.乔恩乔拉斯
B.达曼
E.J.布卢姆纳
B.舍普克
P.弗拉纳根
L.多格蒂
C.布德罗
S.罗伯茨
D.勒斯特
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太空实验室健康护理有限公司
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Priority to US201161546930P priority Critical
Priority to US61/546,930 priority
Priority to US201161559433P priority
Priority to US61/559,433 priority
Priority to PCT/US2011/065676 priority patent/WO2012128808A2/en
Priority to US13/329,186 priority patent/US20120180789A1/en
Priority to USPCT/US2011/065676 priority
Priority to US13/329,186 priority
Priority to USPCT/US2011/065685 priority
Priority to PCT/US2011/065678 priority patent/WO2012083276A2/en
Priority to US13/329,219 priority patent/US20120180793A1/en
Priority to US13/329,259 priority
Priority to US13/329,219 priority
Priority to USPCT/US2011/065678 priority
Priority to US13/329,259 priority patent/US9022492B2/en
Priority to PCT/US2011/065685 priority patent/WO2012083281A1/en
Application filed by 太空实验室健康护理有限公司 filed Critical 太空实验室健康护理有限公司
Priority to PCT/US2012/060125 priority patent/WO2013056171A2/en
Publication of CN104066469A publication Critical patent/CN104066469A/en
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Publication of CN104066469B publication Critical patent/CN104066469B/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/01Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes specially adapted for anaesthetising
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
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    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/23Solid substances, e.g. granules, powders, blocks, tablets
    • A61L2/235Solid substances, e.g. granules, powders, blocks, tablets cellular, porous or foamed
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    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
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    • A61M16/0051Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes with alarm devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/021Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes operated by electrical means
    • A61M16/022Control means therefor
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    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/10Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours
    • A61M16/1005Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours with O2 features or with parameter measurement
    • A61M16/1015Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours with O2 features or with parameter measurement using a gas flush valve, e.g. oxygen flush valve
    • GPHYSICS
    • G16INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR SPECIFIC APPLICATION FIELDS
    • G16HHEALTHCARE INFORMATICS, i.e. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY [ICT] SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE HANDLING OR PROCESSING OF MEDICAL OR HEALTHCARE DATA
    • G16H40/00ICT specially adapted for the management or administration of healthcare resources or facilities; ICT specially adapted for the management or operation of medical equipment or devices
    • G16H40/60ICT specially adapted for the management or administration of healthcare resources or facilities; ICT specially adapted for the management or operation of medical equipment or devices for the operation of medical equipment or devices
    • G16H40/63ICT specially adapted for the management or administration of healthcare resources or facilities; ICT specially adapted for the management or operation of medical equipment or devices for the operation of medical equipment or devices for local operation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B31/00Service or tea tables, trolleys, or wagons
    • A47B2031/006Medication carts
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    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61M16/1005Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours with O2 features or with parameter measurement
    • A61M16/101Preparation of respiratory gases or vapours with O2 features or with parameter measurement using an oxygen concentrator
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    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61M2205/0238General characteristics of the apparatus characterised by a particular materials the material being a coating or protective layer
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    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
    • A61M2205/11General characteristics of the apparatus with means for preventing cross-contamination when used for multiple patients
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    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
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    • A61M2205/00General characteristics of the apparatus
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    • A61M2209/00Ancillary equipment
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Abstract

本发明公开了具有集成的可伸展临床中心和临床医生/麻醉师办公室的麻醉系统,其具有物理分离的临床和办公功能。 The present invention discloses an anesthesia system with integrated extendable Clinic and clinicians / anesthetists office, having a physical separation clinical and office functions. 该公开的麻醉系统允许系统的一部分被移动至接近患者,从而可进行临床控制同时处理患者的气道,而不用牺牲临床医生可用的办公空间或者挤占患者的区域。 The disclosed system allows a portion of the anesthesia system is moved close to the patient, which can be simultaneously processed clinical management of the patient's airway, without sacrificing the available office space clinician or crowding region of the patient.

Description

集成可展开麻醉系统 Deployable integrated anesthesia system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及医疗系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to medical systems. 更具体地,本发明涉及麻醉系统,其具有集成、可展开临床中心和临床医生/麻醉师办公室。 More particularly, the present invention relates to an anesthesia system, having an integrated, and deployable clinical center clinicians / anesthetists office.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]麻醉师花费很多时间在要求其警惕,这些在较直接的病例中,但很少是直接临床处理。 [0002] anesthesiologist spent a lot of time asking their vigilance, these relatively straightforward cases, but rarely direct clinical management. 他们通常被要求进行多种文字工作和文件工作而仅有一张麻醉系统桌面作为工作表面。 They are usually required more paperwork and documentation but only as a narcotic desktop work surface. 此外,通常没有用于他们的文件、文档和个人物品,如手机、钥匙、电脑、眼镜、皮夹、钱包等的存储区域。 In addition, they are usually not used for files, documents and personal items, such as mobile phones, keys, computer, glasses, wallets, purses and other storage areas. 另外,常规麻醉系统的临床使用区域没有提供用于注射器、喉镜和其它临床设备的便利位置。 Furthermore, clinical use of regional anesthesia conventional system does not provide a convenient location for the syringe, laryngoscopes and other clinical devices. 麻醉系统的常规设计不具有分离的临床和办公室功能。 General anesthesia system design does not have a separate clinical and office functions. 大多数系统仅为麻醉师体供不大的空间来进行其工作,且该空间需与药物和器具的临床准备空间共用。 Most systems only little space anesthetist donor to carry out its work, and the need to share space and clinical space to prepare medicines and appliances.

[0003]此外,大多数当前的麻醉系统设计没有为呼吸回路连接提供铰接部(articulat1n),其用于为患者提供更近的呼吸和传感器连接。 [0003] In addition, most of the current design is not connected to the anesthesia system provides a hinge portion (articulat1n) respiratory circuit for providing a more recent patient breathing and the sensor connection. 由于大多数当前的呼吸系统设计完全地集成至麻醉系统中,因此必须将整个系统带至非常接近患者以进入必须的临床控制而同时照顾患者和他们的气道。 Since most of the current design of the respiratory system fully integrated into the anesthesia system, the entire system must be brought into close proximity with the patient must enter clinical control and at the same time take care of patients and their airway. 在手术室(OR)中的物理限制是由于但不限于手术类型,OR布局,使用中的设备,室中需要的人员数量,人员位置,以及其它原因,这增加了对麻醉系统的定位和结构的需要,特别是涉及呼吸管口连接。 Physical limitations in the operating room (OR) is due to the type of surgery, but are not limited to, OR layout, using the apparatus, the number of personnel required in the chamber, location of personnel, and other reasons, which increases the positioning and configuration of the anesthesia system It needs, particularly to the breathing tube port connection. 呼吸管口连接通常限制系统的移动,且如果在错误的方向上扭曲或转动,则存在断开的风险。 Moving the pipe joint typically limit the breathing system, and if twisted or rotated in the wrong direction, the risk exists disconnected. 该物理结构带动了对非常小的覆盖区系统的需要,其还限制了麻醉师工作可用的空间。 The physical structure led to the need for a very small footprint system, which further limits the space available anesthetist work.

[0004]尽管一些常规的现有技术麻醉系统允许呼吸回路从系统铰接离开,并被设置在非常接近患者处,然而这些系统的大多数临床控制位于系统的主本体上,因此使得使用起来很笨重。 [0004] Although some conventional prior art systems allow the anesthetic breathing circuit system away from the hinge, and is disposed very close to the patient, however, the majority of clinical management of these systems in the system's main body, so that it is very cumbersome to use .

[0005]例如,普通的常规麻醉系统使用在双铰接管状臂上的呼吸回路,该双铰接管状臂可从麻醉系统台车移开。 [0005] For example, Common conventional anesthesia system used in a dual articulated tubular arm breathing circuit, the bi-articulated tubular arms are moved away from the carriage anesthesia system. 这要求将软管从呼吸系统垂至台车,所述软管包括新鲜气体软管、呼吸机驱动气体和清除气体-都具有泄露和断开的可能性。 This requires the hose hanging from the vehicle to the respiratory system, the fresh gas hose comprising a hose, the ventilator drive gas and the purge gas - having the possibility of leakage and off. 此外,该系统中的换气、新鲜气体流(FGF)和蒸发器控制都设置在台车的背后,且远离用户与患者的直接临床交互。 In addition, the ventilation system, fresh gas flow (FGF) and the evaporator are disposed behind the control of the carriage, and away from direct user interaction with the patient's clinical. 其缺点在于需要用户时常地从患者转开,以观察监测或者进行调节。 The disadvantage is that the user often needs to be turned away from the patient, to observe or monitor is adjusted. 此外,在伸展位置时,管状臂容易被从床、人员等施加的过大的力损坏。 Furthermore, the excessive force in the extended position, the tubular arm is easily applied from the bed, personnel damage.

[0006] —些新的常规麻醉系统将呼吸回路和控制装置固定在台车框架上,要求用户将整个系统带至接近患者。 [0006] - some new general anesthesia breathing circuit system and the control device is fixed to the carriage frame, the user is required to close the entire system with a patient. 这迫使减小系统尺寸,从而减小了麻醉师可用的“工作空间”。 This forces to reduce system size, thereby reducing the anesthetist available "workspace." 此外,麻醉师的用于文件和存储的工作区域也被带至接近患者和临床区域,这在临床和空间管理角度是不理想的。 Further, a work area for storing files and the anesthetist was brought close to the patient and clinical areas, which in the clinical management of space and angles are not preferable. 在可选的方式中,用户可将系统设置成离患者更远,但接着必须经常从患者来回以观察监测并进行设置改变。 In an alternative embodiment, the user can set the system farther away from the patient, but then must always back and forth from the patient to observe and monitor the setting change.

[0007]因此,当前可用的麻醉系统没有提供现代的麻醉师所要求的必要存储区域、类型或连通性。 [0007] Accordingly, currently available systems do not provide the necessary anesthesia storage area required by modern anesthetist, or the type of connectivity. 这包括电源连接和个人电子产品的存储,例如计算机、个人数字助理(PDAs)、数据/移动电话装置、个人音乐装置、无线耳机等等。 This includes the power connection and storing personal electronic products, such as computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), data / mobile phone device, a personal music device, a wireless headset and the like. 考虑到很多麻醉师在他们所工作的医院中不具有办公室,所以需要满足麻醉系统的用户用于进行包括案例文件整理等日常活动的改进的装置。 Considering that many anesthesiologists do not have an office in the hospital they work in, so it is necessary to meet the user's system for anesthesia include case filing and other daily activities improved device. 一些要求诸如胶带分配器、衬里垃圾桶和文件存储区域等的特征通常在办公室环境中存在,但是仍然没有被集成至当前的麻醉系统中。 Some of the requirements, such as a tape dispenser features, trash can liners and file storage areas, etc. commonly found in an office environment, but still not integrated into the current system of anesthesia.

[0008]因此,需要一种麻醉系统,其具有分离的临床和办公室功能。 [0008] Accordingly, a need for an anesthesia system having separate offices and clinical features. 还需要麻醉系统,其允许系统的一部分被移动至接近患者,使得可进行临床控制且同时照顾患者的气道,而不牺牲临床医生可用的办公空间或者挤占患者的区域。 Need anesthesia system, which allows a portion of the system is moved to near the patient, such can be controlled while the clinical care of a patient airway, without sacrificing the clinician or crowding of available office space region of the patient. 此外,麻醉系统在呼吸管的连接处需要改进的挠性以增加定位选择。 In addition, anesthesia breathing tube connection system requires improved flexibility to increase targeting selection.

[0009]另外,常规的麻醉系统被设置有报警,其被设计成提醒用户系统工作中发生的潜在技术问题。 [0009] Further, the conventional anesthesia alarm system is provided, which is designed to alert the user of potential technical problems in system operation. 这些报警通常是短的文字串,其占用麻醉系统上设置的显示屏的显示器的有限空间,且因此不能提供说明引起报警的技术问题的详细信息。 These alarms are typically short character string which occupies limited space provided on the display screen of the anesthesia system, and therefore can not provide details described technical problems caused by alarms. 此外,这些报警字串可能被要求翻译为不同的本地语言,该本地语言可能无法像设计者在英语中预想的那样清楚明了地反映错误。 In addition, these alarms strings may be required to be translated into different local languages, so clearly wrong and clearly reflect the local language may not like the designers envisioned in English. 一些现有技术的产品设计包括将额外的说明文字或图像表示显示在显示屏上,说明报警所反映的潜在的问题。 Some prior art product designs include additional descriptive text or image representation displayed on the screen, indicating potential problems reflected in alarm. 然而,这要求临床用户将更多的注意力集中在阅读或试图将图像与他们所使用的实际系统联系起来。 However, this requires clinical users will be more focus on image reading or trying to correlate with the actual system they use. 通常,在医疗紧急情况过程中发生的麻醉系统的报警对用户造成混淆和紧张情况。 In general, anesthesia alarm systems in medical emergencies that occur during the confusion and tensions on the user. 此外,很多用户对系统功能的复杂细节不熟悉,且不能够将报警信息与必要的修正动作容易地联系起来。 In addition, many users intricate details of the system functions are not familiar with, will not be able to alarm information and the necessary corrective actions easily linked. 另外,很多用户使用多个制造商的系统,其可能使用相同的或者相似的报警信息以确定不同的设备故障、问题或行为。 Further, many users using the plurality of system manufacturer, which may use the same or similar warning information to determine different equipment failure, or behavior problems. 此外,用于报警信息的缩短的文字串和/或翻译没有表示充分的信息以足够让用户诊断问题。 In addition, the text string for alarm shortened and / or translated not shown sufficient enough information to allow users to diagnose the problem. 因此,要求改进的报警显示器系统。 Thus, it requires improved alarm display system.

[0010] —些常规的麻醉器当前被装配有“报警静音”按钮,可将其按压以将系统报警功能的声音部分静音最多两分钟的一段时间。 [0010] - currently such conventional anesthesia is fitted with a "silent alarm" button, which can be pressed to mute the audio portion of the system alarm function of a period up to two minutes. 该功能确保报警是具体已知的且被用户直接静音。 This function ensures that the alarm is known and the specific user directly muted. 然而,要求将报警静音按钮物理地按压对于手被护理患者占用的用户(例如,吸入、再插管、给予药物)来说是挫败的。 However, the alarm silence button requires physically pressed to the user's hand is occupied patient care (e.g., inhalation, and then a cannula, drug administration) is frustrating. 因此,需要以非接触,但仍然可靠的方式将报警静音的方法。 Therefore, non-contact, but still reliable manner warning method muted. 当用户被都关于同一情况或临床状况的一系列报警干扰时,这使特别需要的。 When the user is both a series of police interference on the same case or clinical condition, which makes special needs. 例如,在患者的吸入过程中发出声音的报警,可在不同时间启动所有的低压报警、泄露报警、低分钟容量报警和低呼吸容量报警。 For example, the sound of the patient during inhalation alarm can be activated at different times, all of the low pressure alarm, leak alarm, low alarm minute capacity and low tidal volume alarm.

[0011]另外,大多数常规的麻醉系统具有被称作“02涌流(flush)”的功能。 [0011] Further, most conventional anesthesia system is referred to as having a "gush 02 (the flush)" function. 该流主要用于在出现或修整泄露并用于将麻醉制剂冲出循环系统时将风箱重新灌注。 The flow is mainly used in the event of leakage or dressing for the anesthetic agent and when the system will be out of circulation bellows refilled. 一旦为了灌注风箱的目的启动O2涌流,则风箱被灌注满不含有麻醉制剂的气体。 For purposes of the bellows once the perfusion O2 start inrush current, the bellows is primed full gas does not contain anesthetic agent. 因此,要求麻醉师再平衡回路中出现的麻醉制剂的量,以确保对患者的正确处理。 Therefore, the required amount of anesthetic agent anesthetist rebalance loop that appears to ensure proper treatment of the patient. 因此,期望具有单个作用功能以提供与O2涌流相似的高流动性,同时使用的混合气体和麻醉制剂的水平已经被用户预定,以让风箱被预灌注同时保留了之前设定的气体混合和麻醉制剂水平。 Therefore, desirable to have a single action function to provide a O2 inrush similar high fluidity, horizontal mixing of gas and anesthetic agent simultaneously has been predetermined user, to allow the bellows is prefilled while preserving the gas mixing previously set and anesthesia preparation level.

[0012]如本领域已知的,具有电子混合控制的麻醉系统通常还包括紧急旁路阀系统,其使得用户能在混合器失效的情况下设置氧气流。 [0012] As known in the art, an electronic hybrid control anesthesia system also typically includes emergency bypass valve system that enables a user to set the oxygen flow in case of failure of the mixer. 一些现有技术的麻醉系统使用专用的针阀以提供旁路功能,而其它的使用专用的机械-气动开关以打开旁路阀或还原至电子混合器控制。 Some prior art systems use a proprietary anesthesia needle valve to provide a bypass function, while others use a dedicated mechanical - pneumatic switch to open the bypass valve to the electronic mixer control or reduction.

[0013]精确监控输送至供氧患者的量和压力是非常重要的,特别是在具有肺并发症时。 [0013] accurately monitor the quantity and pressure of oxygen delivered to the patient is extremely important, particularly in the lungs with complications. 在患者的气道测量流动和压力与在麻醉器中测量这些参数相比提供了实质性的优点。 Measuring the flow and pressure in the patient's airway and measurement of these parameters provides substantial advantages compared to anesthesia vessel. 当前的近程传感器使用气动或电连接回至麻醉系统。 The current proximity sensors use pneumatic or electrical connections back to the anesthesia system. 该连接在患者的气道处形成显著的体积和重量,其可引起患者的气管内导管的断开和物理拉紧。 The connector is formed of a significant volume and weight of the patient's airway, which can cause the patient of the endotracheal tube is disconnected and physical tension. 因此,很多用户将这看作近程传感器的显著缺点,且选择在接近麻醉系统的较不理想的位置进行患者监测和输送控制。 Thus, many users considered significant disadvantage of these proximity sensors, patient monitoring and selection and delivery control in less than ideal in a position close to the anesthesia system. 此外,使用差压式流动传感器和近程气道压力传感器要求使用连接至麻醉系统的气管。 Further, using a differential pressure type flow sensors and proximity sensors require airway pressure pipe is connected to the anesthesia system. 这些管可以被在OR中移动的装置的轮扭结或者封闭,使得传感器通道中的数据丢失。 These tubes may be round OR kinking movement of the apparatus or closed, such that the sensor data channel is lost. 气动管还可以是呼吸回路的气体泄露源,且其长度可导致由于气动信号传输、普通模式误差引起流动测量错误。 Pneumatic tube may also be a source of leakage of gas breathing circuit, and the length may result due to the pneumatic signal transmission, the normal mode error due to the flow measurement errors. 因此,需要没有管或连接回至麻醉系统的用于近程设置的单个、小的传感器方案。 Accordingly, there is no need to connect the tube or back to the anesthesia system for a single set of short-range, small sensor scheme.

[0014]当前的麻醉蒸发器系统包括阀和/或芯系统,用于将液体麻醉制剂转换为气体形式。 [0014] Current anesthetic vaporizer system includes a valve and / or core system, for a liquid anesthetic agent is converted to a gaseous form. 通常地,这些系统提供的气体的制剂浓度水平为0-10% (对于Suprane尽管有时更高),该气体用作循环呼吸系统中的“新鲜气体”或“补偿”气体。 Generally, the formulation of the gas concentration level offered by these systems to 0-10% (for Suprane although sometimes higher), circulation of the gas in the respiratory system as "fresh air" or "compensation" gas. 当前的装置是非常复杂的,且要求精确的机械部件或流动控制系统进行操作,导致装置成本较高。 Current devices are very complex and require precise mechanical or flow control system is operated, resulting in higher cost of the apparatus. 在此通过引用结合受让给Louis Gibeck AB的专利号为6,155,255的美国专利的全部内容,其中提出“蒸发器,包括具有气体入口和气体出口的蒸发腔室,且其容纳被设置成将液体暴露至蒸发腔室以蒸发该液体的多孔液体输送装置,其中所述多孔液体输送装置连接至与外部液体源连通的液体供应装置,其中所述多孔液体输送装置被设置成仅通过所述多孔液体输送装置中的小孔而暴露所述液体;且其中所述液体供应装置包括液体量调节器”以及“蒸发液体的方法,包括以下步骤:从外部液体源将液体输送至液体输送装置;和将所述液体输送装置中的液体暴露至流动气体以将与气体接触的液体蒸发,包括,将所述液体引导至所述液体输送装置中的小孔,仅通过所述液体输送装置中的小孔将液体暴露至气体,以及调节输送至所述液体输送装置的液体的供应”。 Incorporated herein by reference, assigned to Louis Gibeck AB Patent No. 6,155,255 the entire contents of the U.S. patents, which proposed "evaporator, comprising evaporation chamber having a gas inlet and a gas outlet, and which is arranged to receive exposure of the liquid to the evaporation chamber to vaporize the liquid of the porous liquid delivery device, wherein said liquid supply means connected to the fluid source in communication with the outside of the porous liquid delivery device, wherein the porous liquid delivery device is arranged only through the porous orifice fluid delivery device exposed to the liquid; and wherein the liquid supply means comprises a liquid amount adjuster "and" method of evaporation of the liquid, comprising the steps of: a liquid from an external liquid source to the liquid delivery device delivery; and the liquid in the liquid delivery means is exposed to the flow of gas in a liquid in contact with the evaporation gas, comprising, guiding the liquid to the liquid orifice of the delivery device, only the liquid through a small delivery device hole exposing the liquid to a gas, and adjusting the supply of the liquid delivered to the liquid delivery apparatus. "

[0015]期望知道移动通过蒸发器的气体流的量,且具有测量所产生的可吸入气体中的麻醉剂浓度的直接装置。 [0015] desirable to know the amount of movement by the gas flow of the evaporator, and a measurement gas produced can be directly inhaled anesthetic agent concentration means. 还期望精确地测量进入蒸发器的液体流的量,用于计算制剂浓度的目的。 Further desirable to accurately measure the amount of liquid flow into the evaporator for the purpose of calculating the concentration of the formulation. 因此,需要将已知的蒸发器系统结合至麻醉系统。 Thus, the known evaporator system needs to be incorporated into an anesthesia system.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0016]在一个实施方式中,本发明涉及包括具有物理分离的临床和办公室功能的集成的可伸展临床中心(clinical center)和临床医生/麻醉师办公室的麻醉系统。 [0016] In one embodiment, the present invention relates to a physical separation having an integrated clinical and clinical central office functions may be extended (clinical center) and clinicians / anesthetists anesthesia system office. 在另一个实施方式中,本发明涉及麻醉系统,其允许将系统的一部分移动至接近患者,使得可进行临床控制且同时照顾患者的气道,而不必牺牲临床医生可用的办公空间或挤占患者区域。 In another embodiment, the present invention relates to an anesthesia system, which allows the mobile part of the system close to the patient, so that the control can be performed while the clinical care of the patient's airway, without sacrificing the available office space clinician or patient area crowding .

[0017]在一个实施方式中,本发明涉及麻醉输送系统,包括第一部分和第二部分,该第一部分包括用于至少一个临床控制的支撑部和用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口,其中所述至少一个患者连接口包括呼吸回路连接口,其包括至少一个分支,其中该至少一个分支可以是吸入、呼出或其组合,第二部分包括用于支撑和容纳第一部分的底座,且还包括用于气动和电连接的支撑部,且其中第一部分可相对于第二部分伸展,在伸展时暴露出至少一个工作空间,且其中第二部分经由吸入供应和至少一个麻醉气体供应气动地连接至第一部分。 [0017] In one embodiment, the present invention relates to an anesthesia delivery system comprising a first portion and a second portion, the first portion includes a portion for supporting at least one clinical control and for providing treatment to a patient at least one patient connection port wherein said at least one patient breathing circuit comprising a connecting opening connecting port, which includes at least one branch, wherein the at least one branch may be inhaled or exhaled combination, and a second portion comprising a base for supporting the first receiving portion, and further comprising a portion for supporting a pneumatic and electrical connections, wherein the first portion and the second portion extends relative to expose at least a working space when extended, and wherein the second portion via a suction supply and at least one anesthetic gas supply pneumatically connected to the first portion.

[0018]在一个实施方式中,本发明的第一部分还包括临床中心部分,其包括以下至少一个:呼吸机显示器;生理监测器;生理监测显示器;呼出气体分析和连接;患者吸入控制;辅助氧气控制和连接;新鲜气体流混合和控制;蒸发器和连接返回条(attachment back-bar);注射栗支架;可扩展临床工作空间;和无线传感器对接装置(docking)。 [0018] In one embodiment, the first portion of the present invention further comprises a clinical center portion, which comprises at least one of: a ventilator monitor; physiological monitor; physiological monitoring display; exhaled gas analysis and connection; patient inhales control; supplementary oxygen and connection control; fresh gas flow control and mixing; evaporator and a return connection strip (attachment back-bar); Li injection holder; expandable clinical workspace; docking and wireless sensor means (docking).

[0019]在一个实施方式中,本发明的第二部分还包括麻醉办公室部分,其包括以下至少一个:用于麻醉师的文档、存储和个人用品的空间;支持麻醉师的站立和坐着行为的工作表面;容纳计算机键盘的拉出托盘;在麻醉办公室部分的正面上的个人电子设备连接器;具有倾斜前端以提供容纳膝盖空间的脚踏;和低的照明条件下运行的工作区域的照明。 [0019] In one embodiment, the second portion of the present invention further comprises a portion office anesthesia, which comprises at least one of: a document storage space and personal items anesthetist; anesthetist support sitting and standing behavior working surface; receiving computer keyboard drawer tray; personal electronic device connector on the front portion of anesthesia office; having an inclined front end to provide a knee foot receiving space; illuminated work area and operating at low lighting conditions .

[0020]在本发明的一个实施方式中,第二部分还包括底座部分,其具有滑动轨道,第一部分在其上相对于第二部分从完全集成位置旋转地伸展为第一伸展位置。 [0020] In one embodiment of the invention, the second portion further comprises a base portion having a slide rail, a first portion of its rotation relative to the second portion extending from a first position fully extended position integrated.

[0021]在一个实施方式中,第一部分以O度至45度角度范围从第二部分旋转地伸展,且优选地以角度增量方式旋转伸展。 [0021] In one embodiment, the first portion to O to 45 degrees angular range of rotation extending from the second portion, and preferably extend at an angle of rotation increments.

[0022]在本发明的麻醉输送系统的另一个实施方式中,第一部分从第二部分以O至14.5英寸的范围线性地伸展,至相对于第二部分的第二伸展位置。 [0022] In another embodiment of the anesthesia delivery system according to the present invention, the first portion to the range of O to 14.5 inches linearly extending from the second portion, to a second extended position with respect to the second portion.

[0023]在本发明的麻醉输送系统的另一个实施方式中,在完全集成位置的第一部分从第二部分旋转和线性地伸展离开,使得其位于第三和完全伸展位置。 [0023] In another embodiment of the anesthesia delivery system according to the present invention, the second portion extending away from the rotating and linearly in a first position fully integrated part, such that it is located at the third position and a fully extended. 在一个实施方式中,本发明的麻醉输送系统还包括至少一个地板接触点,其提供负载支撑。 In one embodiment, the anesthesia delivery system of the invention further comprises at least one floor contact point which provides load support. 在一个实施方式中,该至少一个地板接触点是旋转轨迹球(trackball)。 In one embodiment, the at least one floor contact point is rotating trackball (trackball). 在另一个实施方式中,该至少一个地板接触点是旋转脚轮,其具有多个滚子以进行直排或侧向移动。 In another embodiment, the at least one floor contact point is swivel castors, having a plurality of rollers for straight row or lateral movement. 在另一个实施方式中,该至少一个地板接触点被配置有合适的几何形状,以随着第一部分从第二部分延伸离开而将地板上的障碍物移动。 In another embodiment, the at least one floor contact point is configured with a suitable geometry, and to move the obstacle on the floor with a second portion extending away from the first portion. 在本发明的麻醉输送系统的实施方式中,用户启动的致动导致第一部分相对于第二部分的电动移动。 In an embodiment of the anesthesia delivery system according to the present invention, a user-initiated actuation of the motor results in movement of the second portion relative to the first portion. 在另一个实施方式中,第一部分的电动移动在检测到移动障碍时自动地停止。 In another embodiment, the first portion of the electric vehicle is automatically stopped upon detection of a movement disorder. 在一个实施方式中,通过检测到系统中的移动电机的电流中的改变而检测到障碍物。 In one embodiment, the obstacle is detected by detecting a change in the current movement of the motor system of. 在另一个实施方式中,如果在移动中检测到障碍物则提供声频、视频或声频-视频报警。 In another embodiment, if an obstacle is detected in the movement provides audio, video or audio - visual alarm.

[0024]在一个实施方式中,本发明涉及麻醉输送系统,其具有第一部分,该第一部分包括壳体,壳体具有在地平面上方的平坦表面,其中所述平坦表面被设置在所述第一部分的底部分上;第二部分,包括具有高度为二至五英尺范围的平坦表面的底座部分以提供工作空间表面,至少一个气动连接,和至少一个电连接,其中所述第二部分通过吸入供应管和至少一条麻醉气体供应管而气动地连接至所述第一部分,且其中所述第一部分相对于所述第二部分是可移动的;和至少一个呼吸回路连接端口,其中所述呼吸回路连接端口是旋转本体,其包括嵌入在所述第一部分的所述壳体的所述平坦表面中的旋转盖,从所述旋转盖向下延伸且嵌入在所述第一部分的所述壳体中的端口壳体,和至少一个分支,其中所述至少一个分支可以是吸入、呼出或其结合。 [0024] In one embodiment, the present invention relates to an anesthesia delivery system having a first portion, the first portion including a housing having a flat surface above the ground plane, wherein said flat surface is provided in the first a portion of the bottom portion; a second portion, the base portion includes a flat surface having a height of two to five feet wide surface to provide a working space, at least one pneumatic connection, and at least one electrical connection, wherein said second portion by inhalation supply tube and at least one anesthetic gas supply tube pneumatically connected to said first portion, and wherein said first portion relative to the second portion is movable; breathing circuit and at least one port, wherein said breathing circuit the connection port is a rotating body, which is embedded in the housing comprising a portion of said first planar surface of the spin cover, the cover extends downwardly from the rotation of the housing and are embedded in the first portion the port housing, and at least one branch, wherein the at least one branch may be inhaled or exhaled binding.

[0025]在一个实施方式中,所述端口壳体是圆柱形的且限定用于接收气体的空间。 [0025] In one embodiment, the port housing is cylindrical and defines a space for receiving the gas. 在一个实施方式中,所述圆柱端口的外直径在17mm至27mm的范围内,且所述圆柱端口壳体的内直径在1mm至20mm的范围内。 In one embodiment, the outer diameter of the cylinder port is in the range of 17mm to 27mm, and the inner diameter of the cylinder housing port is in the range of 1mm to 20mm. 在一个实施方式中,所述圆柱端口壳体使用至少一个O型环径向密封。 In one embodiment, the cylindrical housing port using at least one radial sealing O-ring.

[0026]在一个实施方式中,在所述呼吸回路连接端口上的所述至少一个分支是连接至麻醉气体供应管以接收气体的入口,和连接呼吸管的近端的出口,其中呼吸管的远端连接至患者。 [0026] In one embodiment, the breathing circuit connected to said at least one branch port is connected to the anesthetic gas supply tube to the inlet for receiving gas, and an outlet connected to the proximal end of the breathing tube, wherein the breathing tube a distal end connected to the patient.

[0027]在一个实施方式中,所述至少一个呼吸回路连接端口关于轴线在-15度至+15度范围内旋转,所述轴线垂直于所述第一部分的底部分的平坦表面并且延伸通过所述呼吸回路连接端口的中间点。 [0027] In one embodiment, the at least one breathing circuit connection port about an axis of rotation in the range of -15 degrees to +15 degrees, to the flat surface of the bottom portion of the first portion and extending perpendicular to the axis through the said breathing circuit port connected to an intermediate point.

[0028]在一个实施方式中,所述至少一个呼吸回路连接端口可被移除而进行清洁。 [0028] In one embodiment, the breathing circuit connected to the at least one port and can be removed for cleaning.

[0029]在一个实施方式中,被嵌入在所述第一部分的所述壳体的所述平坦表面中的所述呼吸回路连接端口的所述旋转盖是半透明的,从而用户可监控所述呼吸回路止回阀的动作。 The breathing circuit connection port [0029] In one embodiment, is embedded in the flat surface of the housing of the first portion of the rotating cap is translucent, so that the user can monitor the action breathing circuit check valve. 在另一个实施方式中,被嵌入在所述第一部分的所述壳体的所述平坦表面中的所述呼吸回路连接端口的所述旋转盖是半透明的,且进一步设置有信息投影灯以指示什么时候流动移动经过所述端口。 In another embodiment, is embedded in the flat surface of the housing in the first portion of the breathing circuit connection port of the rotary cap is translucent, and further information is provided to the lamp when indicate the flow moves through the port.

[0030]在本发明的麻醉输送系统的可选的实施方式中,患者经由非循环呼吸回路连接至系统,该非循环呼吸回路包括吸入和呼出阀,其中新鲜气体经由吸入阀注入,与注入的制剂混合,输送至患者,且接着经由呼出阀导出,其中吸入阀还包括多个控制阀以将氧气、空气和一氧化二氮中的至少两种混合直接进入呼吸回路。 [0030] In an alternative embodiment of the anesthesia delivery system of the present invention, the patient via a breathing circuit to a non-circulation system, the breathing circuit includes a non-cyclic suction and exhalation valve, wherein fresh gas is injected via a suction valve, and injected mixed formulation, delivery to a patient, and then exported via the exhalation valve, wherein the suction valve further includes a valve to control a plurality of mixing at least two of oxygen, nitrous oxide and air directly into the breathing circuit.

[0031]在一个实施方式中,本发明的麻醉系统还包括信息投影灯系统,以通过直接照亮控制功能而指示系统的控制的状态。 [0031] In one embodiment, the present invention the anesthesia system further comprises a lamp system information, to indicate the state of the control system by direct illumination control function.

[0032]在一个实施方式中,本发明是麻醉输送系统,包括:第一部分,该第一部分包括用于至少一个临床控制的支撑和用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口,其中所述至少一个患者连接口包括呼吸回路连接口,其包括至少一个分支,其中该至少一个分支可以是吸入、呼出或其组合;第二部分,该第二部分包括用于支撑和容纳第一部分的底座,且还包括用于气动和电连接的支撑,且其中第一部分可相对于第二部分线性地和旋转地伸展,且其中第二部分经由吸入供应和至少一个麻醉气体供应而气动地连接至第一部分;和信息投影灯系统,用于通过直接照亮而指示系统的至少一个功能的状态。 [0032] In one embodiment, the present invention is an anesthesia delivery system, comprising: a first portion, the first portion includes means for supporting at least one clinical control and for providing treatment to a patient at least one patient connection port, wherein said at least one patient breathing circuit comprising a connecting opening connecting port, which includes at least one branch, wherein the at least one branch may be inhaled, exhalation or combinations thereof; a second portion, the second portion comprising a support and a base for receiving a first portion, and further comprising means for supporting a pneumatic and electrical connections, wherein the first portion and the second portion relative to the rotating and linearly stretched, and wherein the second portion pneumatically connected to the first portion via a suction supply and at least one anesthetic gas supply ; lamp and information system for at least one function of the system state indicated by the illuminated directly.

[0033]在一个实施方式中,信息投影灯系统还包括调节灯,其中灯可调节颜色、强度和闪烁频率。 [0033] In one embodiment, the information system further comprising adjusting the lamp a lamp, wherein the lamp can adjust the color, intensity and flicker frequency.

[0034]在另一个实施方式中,本发明的信息投影灯系统通过直接照亮怀疑引起异常操作情况的麻醉输送设备部分而指示麻醉系统的异常操作情况。 [0034] In another embodiment, the information system of the present invention, the lamp and indicates an abnormal operating conditions anesthesia system directly illuminated portion of the delivery device suspected of causing anesthetic abnormal operating conditions.

[0035]在另一个实施方式中,信息投影灯系统通过照亮呼吸机的风箱而指示麻醉系统的呼吸机处于启动状态。 [0035] In another embodiment, the information indicative of the lamp system ventilator anesthesia system in an activated state by illuminating the ventilator bellows.

[0036] 在另一个实施方式中,信息投影灯系统通过照亮呼吸机的可调节限压(APL)阀而指示麻醉系统中的呼吸机处于停用状态。 [0036] In another embodiment, the information by illuminating the lamp system ventilator adjustable pressure limiting (APL) valve indicates anesthesia ventilator system is disabled.

[0037]在另一个实施方式中,信息投影灯系统通过照亮呼吸机的压力计而指示麻醉系统的呼吸机处于停用状态。 [0037] In another embodiment, the information indicative of the lamp system ventilator anesthesia system is disabled by illuminating the ventilator gauges.

[0038]在另一个实施方式中,信息投影灯系统通过照亮呼吸机的袋臂(bag arm)而指示麻醉系统的呼吸机处于停用状态。 [0038] In another embodiment, the information indicative of the lamp system ventilator anesthesia system is disabled by illuminating the ventilator bag arm (bag arm).

[0039]在另一个实施方式中,当控制被设置成让气体从共用气体出口端口排出时,则信息投影灯系统照亮麻醉系统的共用气体出口。 [0039] In another embodiment, when the control is arranged to allow exhaust gas from the common gas outlet port, the projection lighting system to illuminate the information common gas outlet anesthesia system.

[0040]在另一个实施方式中,如果辅助流动被打开,则信息投影灯系统照亮辅助流动管。 [0040] In another embodiment, if the auxiliary flow is opened, the auxiliary information projection lighting system to illuminate the flow tube.

[0041]在另一个实施方式中,如果滤罐从呼吸回路脱离和/或如果有对呼吸气体中的高CO2的报警,则信息投影灯系统照亮CO2吸收滤罐。 [0041] In another embodiment, if the canister separated from the breathing circuit and / or if there is an alarm for high CO2 in the respiratory gas, the information system illuminating lamp CO2 absorber canister.

[0042]在另一个实施方式中,如果呼吸气体监测器报警以指示障碍物,则信息投影灯系统照亮测流呼吸气体监测器脱水器。 [0042] In another embodiment, if the respiratory gas monitor alarm to indicate the obstacle, the information system to illuminate the lamp measured respiratory gas flow monitor dehydrator.

[0043]在另一个实施方式中,本发明涉及麻醉输送系统,其包括:第一部分,该第一部分包括用于至少一个临床控制的壳体和用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口,其中所述至少一个患者连接口包括呼吸回路连接口,其包括至少一个分支,其中该至少一个分支可以是吸入、呼出或其组合;第二部分,该第二部分包括用于支撑第一部分的底座,平坦工作空间表面,至少一个气动连接和至少一个电连接,其中第二部分经由吸入供应管和至少一个麻醉气体供应管气动地连接至第一部分,且其中第一部分可相对于第二部分移动。 [0043] In another embodiment, the present invention relates to an anesthesia delivery system, comprising: a first portion, the first portion comprises at least one clinical control housing for providing therapy to a patient at least one patient connection port, wherein said at least one patient breathing circuit comprising a connecting opening connecting port, which includes at least one branch, wherein the at least one branch may be inhaled, exhalation or combinations thereof; a second portion, the second portion comprising a base for supporting a first portion of , planar workspace surface, at least one pneumatic connection and the at least one electrical connection, wherein the second portion is connected to the first portion via a suction supply tube and at least one pneumatically anesthetic gas supply tube, wherein the first portion and the second portion may be moved relative. 该平坦工作空间表面具有足够的长度和宽度以使麻醉师能舒适地进行记录。 The planar workspace surface having a length and width sufficient to enable the anesthetist can comfortably be recorded. 在多种实施方式中,平坦工作空间表面测量为宽3英寸X长3英寸,宽8.5英寸X长11英寸,宽11英寸X长14英寸,或者任何尺寸增量(3至11英寸宽X3英寸至14英寸长)。 In various embodiments, the working space of the flat surface measuring a width of 3 inches X 3 inches long, 11 inches long X 8.5 inches wide, 14 inches long X 11 inches wide, or any increment size (3-11 inches inches wide X3 to 14 inches long).

[0044]可选地,在一个实施方式中,第二部分包括以下至少一个的区域:存储空间,在第一高度的第一工作表面,在第二高度的第二工作表面,其中第一高度比第二高度更高;至少一个拉出托盘;至少一个电设备连接器,其中所述连接器接口向外延伸朝向第二部分的正面;在第二部分的底座的倾斜平坦表面,其被设置成用作脚踏;和灯。 [0044] Alternatively, in one embodiment, the second portion includes at least one area: storage space, the first work surface a first height, a second work surface at a second height, wherein the height of the first higher than the second height; at least one pull-out tray; at least one electrical device connector, wherein the connector interface extending outwardly toward the second front portion; the inclined planar surface of the base of the second portion, which is provided to act as a foot; and a lamp. 在第一高度的第一工作表面优选为足够长度和宽度的平坦工作空间表面,让麻醉师能够舒适地进行记录。 In a first height of the first work surface is preferably of sufficient length and width of the flat surface of the working space, so that recording can be performed comfortably anesthesiologist. 在多种实施方式中,平坦工作空间表面测量为宽3英寸X长3英寸,宽8.5英寸X长11英寸,宽11英寸X长14英寸,或者任何尺寸增量(3至11英寸宽X3英寸至14英寸长)。 In various embodiments, the working space of the flat surface measuring a width of 3 inches X 3 inches long, 11 inches long X 8.5 inches wide, 14 inches long X 11 inches wide, or any increment size (3-11 inches inches wide X3 to 14 inches long). 在一个实施方式中,第一高度的第一工作表面是能够让平均身高人员站立并在该表面上进行书写的足够高度。 In one embodiment, the first working surface of the first height is the average height of the art allows sufficient height to stand and writing on the surface. 在多种实施方式中,第一高度是离地平面三英尺或者更高。 In various embodiments, the first height is three feet or higher off the ground plane. 在第二高度的第二工作表面优选为足够长度和宽度的平坦工作空间表面,以让麻醉师能够舒适地进行记录。 In the second working surface of the second height is preferably of sufficient length and width of the flat surface of the working space, it can be recorded to allow the anesthesiologist comfortably. 在多种实施方式中,平坦工作空间表面测量为3英寸X长3英寸,宽8.5英寸X长11英寸,宽11英寸X长14英寸,或者任何尺寸增量(3至11英寸宽X3英寸至14英寸长)。 In various embodiments, the working surface of the space measuring 3 inches in planar X 3 inches long, 8.5 inches wide X 11 inches long and 14 inches wide by 11 inches long X, or any increment size (3 inches to 11 inches wide to X3 14 inches long). 在一个实施方式中,在第二高度的第二工作表面是能够让平均身高的人员坐着和在该表面进行书写的足够高度。 In one embodiment, the second second work surface height to be able to make the average height of people sitting and writing adequate height on the surface. 在多种实施方式中,第二高度是距地平面三英尺或更低,且优选为距地平面至少两英尺。 In various embodiments, the second height is three feet from ground level or lower, and preferably at least two feet from the ground plane.

[0045]可选地,在一个实施方式中,第二部分的底座部分包括滑动轨道,在该轨道上第一部分从第一位置旋转地伸展至第二位置。 [0045] Alternatively, in one embodiment, the base portion of the second portion includes a slide rail, a portion of the track extends from a first to a first position to a second rotational position. 在第一位置,第一部分和第二部分彼此结合(integrate into each other)。 In the first position, the first and second parts binding (integrate into each other) to each other. 在多种实施方式中,通过将第二部分本身嵌入在第一部分中或者将第一部分本身嵌入在第二部分中而将第二和第一部分结合或拉至彼此中,其中第一和第二部分的外壳体相接触以防止对第二部分的内部工作空间区域的任何使用。 In various embodiments, the first portion and the second or bound to each other by pulling the second portion of the first portion is embedded in itself or embedded in the first part of the second portion itself, wherein the first and second portions contacting the outer housing to prevent any use of the internal space of the working region of the second portion. 在第二位置,第一部分从第二部分延伸离开且提供了对平坦工作空间的物理使用。 In the second position, a first portion and a second portion extending away from the use of flat provides a physical workspace.

[0046]可选地,在一个实施方式中,第一部分可以O度至45度范围的角度从第二部分旋转伸展。 [0046] Alternatively, in one embodiment, the first portion may range O to 45 degrees angle of rotation extending from the second portion. 第一部分以角度增量而旋转伸展。 A first portion extending in a rotated angular increments. 第一部分被配置成从第二部分线性伸展以从第一位置移动至第二位置,如上所述。 The first portion is configured to extend from a first position to a second position, as described above from the second linear portion. 第一部分可以O至14.5英寸范围的距离从第二部分线性伸展。 The first portion may be O to 14.5 inches from the range extending from the second linear portion.

[0047]可选地,在一个实施方式中,第一部分从完全集成位置,自第二部分旋转和线性地伸展离开,使得其位于伸展位置。 [0047] Alternatively, in one embodiment, the first portion from a position fully integrated, from the second portion extending away from the rotating and linearly, such that it is in the extended position. 可选地,在一个实施方式中,输送系统包括至少一个地板接触点以提供负载支撑。 Alternatively, in one embodiment, the delivery system comprises at least one floor contact point to provide load support. 在一个实施方式中,该至少一个地板支撑点是旋转轨迹球。 In one embodiment, the rotation support point at least one floor trackball. 在另一个实施方式中,该至少一个地板接触点是旋转脚轮,其具有多个滚子,以进行直排和测向移动。 In another embodiment, the at least one floor contact point is swivel castors, having a plurality of rollers, and for finding moving straight row. 可选地,在一个实施方式中,用户启动的致动导致第一部分相对于第二部分的电动移动。 Alternatively, in one embodiment, a user-initiated actuation of the electric vehicle results in a second portion of the first portion relative. 在一个实施方式中,第一部分的电动移动在控制器检测到移动的障碍时自动地停止,其中,所述控制器被配置成检测引起电动移动的移动电机所流动的电流中的改变。 In one embodiment, the first portion of the electric vehicle controller detects automatically stopped when the moving obstacle, wherein the controller is configured to detect a change in the current caused by the electric motor moving the movable flow in. 在一个实施方式中,如果在移动中检测到障碍物则提供视频、音频或视频-音频报警。 In one embodiment, if an obstacle is detected in the movement provides video, audio, or video - audio alarm.

[0048] 可选地,在一个实施方式中,患者经由包括吸入和呼出阀的非循环呼吸回路连接至系统,其中新鲜气体经由吸入阀被注入,与注入制剂混合,输送至患者,且接着经由呼出阀排出,其中吸入阀还包括多个控制阀以将氧气、空气和一氧化二氮中的至少两种混合直接进入呼吸回路。 [0048] Alternatively, in one embodiment, the patient via a breathing circuit comprising a non-cyclic suction and exhalation valve to the system, wherein fresh gas is injected via the intake valve, and injection formulations are mixed, delivered to the patient, and then via exhalation discharge valve, wherein the suction valve further includes a valve to control a plurality of oxygen, air and nitrous oxide in at least two mixed directly into the breathing circuit.

[0049]可选地,在一个实施方式中,系统还包括灯系统,通过直接照亮控制功能而指示系统的控制的状态。 [0049] Alternatively, in one embodiment, the system further comprising a lamp system, the illumination control function by directly indicating the status of the system control. 在一个实施方式中,灯系统仅照亮状态改变,处于报警状态,或者另外地要求医生注意的控制,而不照亮其它控制。 In one embodiment, the system is only illuminated lights changed state, alarm state, or otherwise control the doctors noted, without illuminating the other control.

[0050]可选地,在一个实施方式中,第一部分和第二部分仅在用于进行旋转或线性移动的结构的位置处彼此物理地接合。 [0050] Alternatively, in one embodiment, the physically coupled to each other at positions of the first and second portions for rotation only in a linear movement or structure. 在另一个实施方式中,第一部分和第二部分在第二部分支撑第一部分以用于旋转或线性移动目的的位置之外没有物理连接。 In another embodiment, the first and second portions of the second support portion to the first portion than the position for the rotary or linear movement of the object not physically connected.

[0051 ]在另一个实施方式中,麻醉输送系统包括:第一部分,该第一部分包括用于至少一个临床控制的支撑和用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口,其中所述至少一个患者连接口包括呼吸回路连接口,其包括至少一个分支,其中该至少一个分支可以是吸入、呼出或其组合;第二部分,该第二部分包括用于支撑和容纳第一部分的底座,和至少一个气动或电连接,其中第一部分可相对于第二部分线性地、旋转地、或线性地和旋转地伸展,且其中第二部分经由吸入供应管或麻醉气体供应管而气动地连接至第一部分;和灯系统,用于通过直接照亮而指示系统的至少一个功能的状态。 [0051] In another embodiment, the anesthesia delivery system comprising: a first portion, the first portion includes means for supporting at least one clinical control and for providing treatment to a patient at least one patient connection port, wherein said at least one patient It includes a breathing circuit connected to a connection port, comprising at least one branch, wherein the at least one branch may be inhaled, exhalation or combinations thereof; a second portion, the second portion comprising a support and a base for receiving a first portion, and at least one pneumatic or electrical connector, wherein the first portion is movable relative to the second portion linearly, rotation, or stretch linearly and rotationally, and wherein the second portion of the tube or anesthetic gas supply tube pneumatically connected to the first portion supplied via inhalation; and a lamp system for at least one function of the system state indicated by the illuminated directly.

[0052]在另一个实施方式中,本发明涉及用于麻醉输送系统的用户界面报警灯特征,包括设置在所述麻醉系统的图形用户界面(GUI)上的光带,以使用户能快速确定报警是否启动以及所述启动报警的优先级,另外其中所述光带的位置和颜色确定所述报警的优先级。 [0052] In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a user interface wherein an alarm lamp anesthesia delivery system comprising a light strip disposed on said anesthesia system graphical user interface (GUI) to enable a user to quickly determine whether to activate the alarm and the alarm start priority, wherein further the position and color of the light band determining priority of the alarm.

[0053]在另一个实施方式中,本发明涉及用于麻醉输送系统的用户界面报警限度恢复特征,所述麻醉输送系统包括“自动限度”功能启动,其根据预定算法自动地调节所述系统的关于当前监测值的限度,其中所述恢复特征将该报警且因此报警限度恢复至自动限度启动之前的状态。 [0053] In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a user interface for alarm limits anesthesia delivery system recovery characteristics, said anesthesia delivery system including the "Auto limits" function is activated, which automatically adjust the system in accordance with a predetermined algorithm limits on the current monitored values, wherein said recovery feature and thus the alarm limit alarm is automatically restored to a state before the start limit.

[0054]在另一个实施方式中,本发明涉及用于麻醉输送系统的紧急旁路阀系统,其包括双位置按钮,其在第一位置与启动电子混合控制对应,且在第二位置与启动紧急旁路阀对应,此外其中当所述双位置按钮被移动至所述第二位置时提供预定量的氧气流。 [0054] In another embodiment, the present invention relates to emergency bypass valve system for anesthesia delivery system, which includes a two position button, which is mixed with an electronic start control corresponding to a first position and a second position at start corresponding to the emergency bypass valve, further wherein when said predetermined amount of oxygen flow to provide dual position button is moved to the second position.

[0055]在另一个实施方式中,本发明涉及用于麻醉输送系统的自启动辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口,其中当所述ACGO端口位于第一竖直、朝向下位置时所述ACGO端口处于停用状态,且通过将所述ACGO端口旋转至第二水平、朝向前位置而启动所述ACGO端口。 [0055] In another embodiment, the present invention relates to an anesthesia delivery system from the start auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port, wherein said port when said ACGO ACGO port at a first vertical, toward the lower position It is disabled, and by rotation of the ACGO port to a second level, the starting position towards the front ACGO port. 在一个实施方式中,所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口在处于所述第二位置时被照亮。 In one embodiment, the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port is illuminated when in the second position.

[0056]本发明还涉及一种麻醉输送系统,包括:第一部分,其包括用于至少一个临床控制的壳体和用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口,其中所述至少一个患者连接口包括呼吸回路连接口,其包括至少一个分支,其中该至少一个分支可以是吸入或呼出或者其组合;第二部分,其包括用于支撑所述第一部分的底座部分,平坦工作空间表面,至少一个气动连接口和至少一个电连接口,其中所述第二部分通过吸入供应管线和至少一条麻醉气体供应管线而气动地连接至所述第一部分,且其中所述第一部分可相对于所述第二部分移动;且其中所述第一部分,所述第二部分,或者所述第一部分和所述第二部分包括用于确保至少一个平坦工作空间表面保持不受污染的装置。 [0056] The present invention further relates to an anesthetic delivery system comprising: a first portion, which includes at least one clinical control housing for providing therapy to a patient at least one patient connection port, wherein said at least one patient connection a connection port includes a breathing circuit, which comprises at least one branch, wherein the at least one branch may be inhaled or exhaled, or a combination thereof; and a second portion comprising a base portion for supporting the first portion, the flat surface of the working space, at least a pneumatic connection port and at least one electrical connector, wherein the second portion by inhalation anesthetic supply line and at least one gas supply line and is pneumatically connected to the first portion, and wherein said first portion relative to said second two mobile part; and wherein said first portion, said second portion, said first portion or said second portion and means for ensuring comprises at least one planar workspace surface remains free of contaminants.

[0057]在一个实施方式中,用于确保至少一个平坦工作空间表面不受污染的所述装置包括在所述第一部分相对于所述第二部分可移动的位置处的紧公差或挠性密封件。 [0057] In one embodiment, the means for ensuring said at least one planar surface free of contaminants workspace includes a seal or close tolerance with respect to the flexible portion at the second position of the movable first portion pieces. 在一个实施方式中,所述紧公差或挠性密封件包括球缘密封条、刷型密封件或者挠性泡沫密封件中的一个。 In one embodiment, the close tolerance or flexible seal comprises a bulb seal, a brush-type seal or a seal of flexible foams.

[0058]在一个实施方式中,用于确保至少一个平坦工作空间表面保持不受污染的所述装置包括抗菌处理,另外其中所述抗菌处理被提供至所述至少一个平坦表面。 [0058] In one embodiment, the means for ensuring the working space to maintain the at least one planar surface free of contaminants include antibacterial treatment, further wherein the antimicrobial treatment is provided to said at least one flat surface. 在另一个实施方式中,所述用于确保至少一个平坦工作空间表面不受污染的装置包括固定至所述至少一个平坦表面的可移除贴面,另外其中所述贴面被抗菌处理。 In another embodiment, the means for ensuring the surface free of contaminants comprising at least one planar workspace secured to said at least one flat surface of a removable veneer, the veneer is additionally wherein antimicrobial treatment. 在一个实施方式中,所述抗菌处理包括银离子。 In one embodiment, the process comprises the antimicrobial silver ion.

[0059]在另一个实施方式中,用于确保至少一个平坦工作空间表面不受污染的装置包括膜基溶液,其具有固有微几何结构,其在施加至表面上时使得所述表面抵抗微生物生长,另外其中所述溶液被施加至所述至少一个平坦工作空间。 [0059] In another embodiment, a method for ensuring at least one planar surface free of contaminants workspace means comprises a membrane-based solution, which has an intrinsic microstructure geometry, which makes the surface resistant to microbial growth when applied to the surface , further wherein said solution is applied to the at least one planar workspace.

[0060]在另一个实施方式中,用于确保至少一个平坦工作空间表面不受污染的装置包括至少一个紫外线(UV)光源。 [0060] In another embodiment, a method for ensuring at least one planar surface free of contaminants workspace means comprises at least one ultraviolet (UV) light. 在一个实施方式中,所述至少一个紫外线(UV)光源连接至所述麻醉输送系统内或所述麻醉输送系统上。 In one embodiment, the at least one ultraviolet (UV) light source is connected to the anesthesia delivery system on or within the anesthesia delivery system. 在一个实施方式中,当所述第一部分相对于所述部分和/或以预定间隔移动时,所述至少一个紫外线(UV)光源被启动。 In one embodiment, when the first portion relative to the part and / or at predetermined intervals during movement of said at least one ultraviolet (UV) light source is activated. 在另一个实施方式中,所述至少一个紫外线(UV)光源包括棒式装置,且其中所述麻醉系统还包括进入孔和/或可移除盖,其中所述棒式装置可被插入所述进入孔和/或在通过将所述移除盖移开所暴露的部件上挥过。 In another embodiment, the at least one ultraviolet (UV) light source means comprises a rod, and wherein said anesthesia system further includes an entry aperture and / or a removable cap, wherein the rod may be inserted into said apparatus access holes and / or through the swing on the removable cover is removed by the exposed part.

[0061]在另一个实施方式中,用于确保至少一个平坦工作空间表面不受污染的装置包括连接至所述第一部分的底部的挠性抗菌垫,其中所述垫被抗菌清洁剂处理,且其中在所述第一部分相对于所述第二部分移动时,所述垫擦拭且从而清洁所述至少一个平坦表面。 [0061] In another embodiment, a method for ensuring at least one planar surface free of contaminants workspace means comprises a first portion connected to the bottom of the flexible antibacterial pad, wherein the pad is an antimicrobial detergent treatment, and wherein when the first portion relative to the second portion of movement, thereby cleaning the pad and wiping said at least one flat surface. 在一个实施方式中,所述抗菌清洁剂包括异丙醇。 In one embodiment, the antibacterial cleanser comprises isopropanol. 在一个实施方式中,所述抗菌垫被临时地和周期性地更换。 In one embodiment, the antimicrobial pad is temporarily and periodically replaced. 在另一个实施方式中,所述抗菌垫是永久地且被周期性地被所述抗菌清洁剂处理。 In another embodiment, the antimicrobial pad is permanently and periodically cleaning said antimicrobial agent treatment.

[0062]本发明还涉及麻醉输送系统,其包括:第一部分,其包括用于至少一个临床控制的壳体和用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口,其中所述至少一个患者连接口包括呼吸回路连接口,其包括至少一个分支,其中该至少一个分支可以是吸入或呼出或者其组合;第二部分,其包括用于支撑所述第一部分的底座部分,平坦工作空间表面,至少一个气动连接口和至少一个电连接口,其中所述第二部分通过吸入供应管线和至少一条麻醉气体供应管线而气动地连接至所述第一部分,且其中所述第一部分可相对于所述第二部分移动;和用户界面报警灯特征,其中光带被设置在所述麻醉系统的图形用户界面(GUI)上,以使用户能快速地确定报警是否启动以及启动报警的优先级,此外其中所述光带的位置和颜色确定所述报警的优先级。 [0062] The present invention further relates to an anesthesia delivery system, comprising: a first portion, which includes at least one clinical control housing for providing therapy to a patient at least one patient connection port, wherein said at least one patient connection port a connection port comprising a breathing circuit, which comprises at least one branch, wherein the at least one branch may be inhaled or exhaled, or a combination thereof; and a second portion comprising a base portion for supporting the first portion, the flat surface of the working space, at least one pneumatic connection port and at least one electrical connector, wherein the second portion is pneumatically connected to the first portion by inhalation anesthetic supply line and at least one gas supply line, and wherein said first portion relative to the second moving portion; and a user interface wherein an alarm lamp, wherein the light is provided with the anesthesia system on a graphical user interface (the GUI), to enable a user to quickly determine whether to activate the alarm and start priority alarms, further wherein location and color bands of light to determine the priority of the alarm.

[0063]在一个实施方式中,所述麻醉输送系统还包括用户界面报警限度恢复特征,其中所述麻醉输送系统包括“自动限度”功能启动,其根据预定的算法自动地调节所述系统关于当前监测值的报警限度,其中所述恢复特征将报警和报警限度恢复为自动限度启动之前的状态。 [0063] In one embodiment, the anesthesia delivery system further includes a user interface wherein recovery limit alarm, wherein said anesthesia delivery system including the "Auto limits" function is activated, the system is automatically adjusted according to a predetermined algorithm on the current monitoring alarm limit value, wherein the alarm and resume features alarm limit is automatically restored to a state before the start limit.

[0064]在一个实施方式中,所述麻醉输送系统还包括紧急旁路阀系统,其在混合器失效的情况下使用户能设置氧气流,其中所述紧急旁路阀系统包括双位置按钮,其在第一位置与启动电子混合控制对应,且在第二位置与启动紧急旁路阀对应,此外其中当所述双位置按钮被移动至所述第二位置时提供预定量的氧气流。 [0064] In one embodiment, the anesthesia delivery system further includes emergency bypass valve system which enables a user to set the oxygen flow in case of failure of the mixer, wherein said emergency bypass valve system comprises a two-position push button, in its first position corresponding to activate the electronic mixing control and emergency bypass valve corresponding to start in the second position, further wherein a predetermined amount when the oxygen flow dual position button is moved to the second position.

[0065]在一个实施方式中,所述麻醉输送系统还包括自启动辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口。 [0065] In one embodiment, the anesthesia delivery system further comprises a self-starting auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port. 在一个实施方式中,所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口测量为外直径在17至27mm的范围。 In one embodiment, the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) measured in a range of port 17 to an outer diameter of 27mm. 在一个实施方式中,所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口测量为内直径在10至20mm的范围。 In one embodiment, the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port inner diameter measured in the range of 10 to 20mm. 在一个实施方式中,当所述ACGO端口处于第一竖直朝向下位置时所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口处于停用状态,而通过将所述ACGO端口旋转至第二水平、朝向前位置而启动该ACGO端口。 In one embodiment, the current position of the first vertical orientation at the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port is disabled in the ACGO port, through the rotation of said port to a second level ACGO toward ACGO start position of the port. 在一个实施方式中,在所述ACGO端口处于所述第二位置时所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口被照亮。 In one embodiment, the port is in the ACGO auxiliary common gas outlet in the second position (ACGO) port is illuminated.

[0066]本发明还涉及用于麻醉输送系统的用户界面报警灯特征,其中的光带被设置在所述麻醉系统的图形用户界面(GUI)上,以使用户能快速确定报警是否启动以及所启动的报警的优先级,此外其中所述光带的位置和颜色确定所述报警的优先级。 [0066] The present invention further relates to a warning lamp for anesthesia delivery system wherein a user interface, which is provided with light anesthesia system on the graphical user interface (the GUI), to enable a user to quickly determine whether to activate an alarm as well as starts with priority alarms, and further wherein the position of said light band color determining priority of the alarm.

[0067]在附图和下文中提供的具体说明中将更详细地说明本发明的前述和其它实施方式。 [0067] The detailed description provided below in the drawings and foregoing description and other embodiments of the present invention in more detail.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0068]结合附图考虑并参考具体说明,将更好地理解本发明的其它特征和优点,其中: [0068] with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description considered, other features will be better understood and advantages of the present invention, wherein:

[0069]图1A是示出本发明的麻醉系统的整体示图,其中具有临床中心(CC)和麻醉办公室(AO)部分的剖切图; [0069] FIG 1A is an overall diagram of the anesthesia system according to the invention, having clinical center (CC) and anesthesia Office (AO) FIG cutaway portion;

[0070]图1B是本发明的麻醉系统的系统流程图; [0070] FIG. 1B is a system flowchart of the anesthesia system according to the invention;

[0071]图1C是本发明的麻醉系统的后视图; [0071] FIG 1C is a rear view of the anesthesia system according to the present invention;

[0072]图1D是本发明的麻醉系统的剖切部分,示出了呼吸监控连接,呼吸气体监测器的示例性界面,和麻醉气体清除系统; [0072] FIG. 1D is a cut-away part of the anesthesia system of the present invention, it is shown connected to monitor breathing, the respiratory gas monitor exemplary interface, and anesthetic gas scavenging system;

[0073]图2A是本发明的麻醉系统处于第一配置的视图,其完全旋转和缩回; [0073] FIG 2A is an anesthetic system according to the present invention in view of the first configuration, and its fully retracted rotation;

[0074]图2B示出了根据本发明的实施方式应用于麻醉系统的球缘密封条; [0074] FIG. 2B illustrates the anesthesia system applied according to an embodiment of the present invention bulb seal;

[0075]图2C示出了根据本发明的实施方式应用于麻醉系统的紫外线(UV)光源; [0075] FIG 2C shows the anesthesia system is applied according to an embodiment of the present invention, an ultraviolet (UV) light source;

[0076]图2D示出了根据本发明的实施方式永久性地连接至麻醉系统的抗菌垫; [0076] FIG 2D shows a connector according to an embodiment of the present antibacterial invention the anesthesia system permanently to a pad;

[0077]图2E示出了本发明的麻醉系统处于第二配置的视图,其完全展开但没有旋转; [0077] FIG. 2E shows the anesthesia system according to the present invention in view of a second configuration, which does not rotate but fully deployed;

[0078]图2F示出了本发明的麻醉系统移动处于第三配置的视图,其中临床中心(CC)被压缩并折叠回至麻醉办公室(AO)且因此位于部分展开位置; [0078] FIG 2F illustrates the anesthesia system of the present invention is a mobile view of a third configuration, wherein the clinical center (CC) is compressed and folded back to the office anesthesia (AO) and is therefore located partially deployed position;

[0079]图2G示出了本发明的麻醉系统移动处于第四配置的视图,其中临床中心(CC)被压缩并折叠回至麻醉办公室(AO)且因此位于完全折叠位置; [0079] Figure 2G illustrates the anesthesia system of the present invention is a mobile view of a fourth configuration, wherein the clinical center (CC) is compressed and folded back to the office anesthesia (AO) and hence in the fully collapsed position;

[0080]图2H示出了临床中心(CC)从麻醉办公室(AO)部分旋转离开的增量角转动的第五配置; [0080] FIG 2H shows the Clinical Center (CC) away from the rotating portion anesthesia Office (AO) incremental angle of rotation of the fifth configuration;

[0081]图21示出了临床中心(CC)从麻醉办公室(AO)完全旋转离开的增大角转动的第六配置; [0081] FIG. 21 shows the Clinical Center (CC) from the anesthesia Office (AO) completely rotated away increasing angular rotation of a sixth configuration;

[0082]图2J是至少一个旋转呼吸回路连接端口处于第一默认配置的实施方式,其中呼吸管连接出口被设置成与临床中心(CC)的正面垂直; [0082] Figure 2J is at least one rotating breathing circuit port is connected to the default configuration of the first embodiment, wherein the breathing tube connected to the outlet is disposed perpendicular to the front and Clinical Center (CC) of the;

[0083]图2K是图2J所示的本发明的旋转呼吸回路连接端口的放大正视图; [0083] FIG. 2J 2K is a rotary breathing circuit of the present invention shown connected to an enlarged front view of the port;

[0084]图2L是图2J和2K中所示的本发明的旋转呼吸回路连接端口的放大后视图; [0084] FIG. 2L is amplified rotational breathing circuit of the present invention shown in FIGS. 2J and 2K in view of the connection port;

[0085]图2M是示出了至少一个旋转呼吸回路连接端口的实施方式处于第二配置的示意图,其中呼吸管连接出口完全朝向临床中心(CC)的右侧旋转; [0085] FIG. 2M is a diagram showing a schematic view of the at least one rotating breathing circuit port is connected to a second embodiment configuration, wherein the breathing tube connected to the outlet fully rotated toward the right clinical center (CC) of the;

[0086]图2N是是示出了至少一个旋转呼吸回路连接端口的实施方式处于第三配置的示意图,其中呼吸管连接出口完全朝向临床中心(CC)的左侧旋转; [0086] FIG 2N Yes shows a schematic view of at least one rotating breathing circuit port is connected to a third embodiment configuration, wherein the breathing tube connected to the outlet fully rotated toward the left side of Clinical Center (CC) of the;

[0087]图3A是临床医生站立在本发明的麻醉系统处的示意图; [0087] FIG 3A is a schematic view of the clinician standing at the anesthesia system according to the present invention;

[0088]图3B是临床医生站立在本发明的麻醉系统处使用上拉出架作为桌子的示意图; [0088] FIG. 3B is a schematic view of a pullout clinician standing frame as a table in the anesthesia system according to the present invention;

[0089]图3C是临床医生坐在本发明的麻醉系统处的示意图; [0089] FIG 3C is a schematic diagram of the system of the present invention anesthesia clinician sitting;

[0090]图4A是集成在本发明的麻醉系统中的侧门存储的示意图; [0090] FIG. 4A is integrated in the anesthesia system according to the present invention is stored in a schematic side door;

[0091]图4B是本发明的麻醉系统的打开侧门存储区域的示意图; [0091] FIG. 4B is a schematic view of a storage area of ​​the side door open anesthesia system according to the present invention;

[0092]图4C是本发明的麻醉系统的关闭侧门存储区域的示意图; [0092] FIG 4C is a schematic diagram of the storage area of ​​the side door closed anesthesia system of the present invention;

[0093]图5A是集成在本发明的麻醉系统的麻醉办公室部分中的上和下拉出架的示意图; [0093] FIG 5A is a schematic view of the upper and lower frame drawn in the office of the local anesthetic according to the invention the anesthesia system is integrated;

[0094]图5B是集成在本发明的麻醉系统的麻醉办公室部分中的下拉出架处于打开位置的不意图; [0094] FIG 5B is an integrated office under local anesthetic anesthesia system according to the present invention is not intended to be drawn frame open position;

[0095]图5C是集成在本发明的麻醉系统的麻醉办公室部分中的下拉出架处于收起位置的不意图; [0095] FIG 5C is integrated in the office under local anesthetic anesthesia system according to the present invention is not intended to be drawn rack stowed position;

[0096]图5D是集成在本发明的麻醉系统的麻醉办公室部分中的上拉出架处于打开位置的不意图; [0096] Figure 5D is an integrated part of the office on anesthesia anesthesia system according to the present invention is not intended to be drawn frame open position;

[0097]图5E是集成在本发明的麻醉系统的麻醉办公室部分中的上拉出架处于收起位置的不意图; [0097] Figure 5E is an integrated part of the office on anesthesia anesthesia system according to the present invention is not intended to be drawn rack stowed position;

[0098]图6A是集成在本发明的麻醉系统的麻醉办公室部分中的存储和电连接区域的示意图; [0098] FIG 6A is a schematic diagram of the memory and the electrical connection region in the office part of anesthesia anesthesia system according to the present invention is integrated;

[0099]图6B是集成在本发明的麻醉系统的麻醉办公室部分中的存储区域的示图; [0099] FIG. 6B is a diagram of an integrated office local anesthetic in anesthetic system according to the present invention, in the storage area;

[0100]图6C是集成在本发明的麻醉系统的麻醉办公室部分中的电连接区域的示图; [0100] FIG 6C is a diagram of an integrated electrical connection regions office local anesthetic in anesthetic system according to the present invention;

[0101]图7A是根据本发明的实施方式设置在麻醉办公室(AO)中的手柄致动脚轮锁的示意图; [0101] FIG. 7A is an embodiment of the present invention is provided a schematic view of a handle anesthesia office (AO) in the actuation of the lock casters;

[0102]图7B是根据本发明的实施方式设置在麻醉办公室(AO)中的手柄致动脚轮锁的示图; [0102] FIG. 7B is a handle disposed anesthesia office (AO) in accordance with embodiments of the present invention shown in FIG actuated lock casters;

[0103]图8是设置在本发明的麻醉系统的临床中心中的胶带分配区域和生理监测器连接的放大视图; [0103] FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of the tape dispensing area is provided and a physiological monitor in the Clinical Center of the anesthesia system according to the present invention is connected;

[0104]图9A是设置在本发明的麻醉系统中的系统状态计算机的示意图; [0104] FIG. 9A is a schematic diagram of the state of the computer system in the anesthesia system is provided according to the present invention;

[0105]图9B是本发明的麻醉系统的信息投影灯装置的示图; [0105] FIG. 9B is a diagram of the lamp unit anesthesia information system of the present invention;

[0106]图9C是本发明的麻醉系统的无线传感器和传感器对接装置的示图; [0106] FIG. 9C is a diagram of the system of the present invention anesthesia wireless sensors and sensor docking device;

[0107]图1OA是本发明的麻醉系统中设置的共用气体出口(CGO)端口处于水平和启动位置的示图; [0107] FIG 1OA is a common gas outlet (CGO) and a port in a horizontal starting position shown in FIG anesthesia system of the present invention is provided;

[0108]图1OB是本发明的麻醉系统中设置的CGO端口处于竖直和停用位置的示图; [0108] FIG. 1OB anesthesia system of the invention is provided in the vertical and CGO port is shown in FIG deactivated position;

[0109]图1lA示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的示例性的图形用户界面(GUI) [0109] FIG. 1lA illustrates an exemplary graphical user interface of the anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention (GUI)

屏幕; screen;

[0110]图1lB示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的另一个示例性的GUI屏幕; [0110] FIG 1lB illustrates another exemplary GUI screen according to an embodiment of the anesthesia system of the present invention;

[0111]图1lC示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的另一个示例性GUI屏幕; [0111] FIG 1lC illustrates another exemplary GUI screen according to an embodiment of the anesthesia system of the present invention;

[0112]图12A示出了根据本发明的实施方式显示用于设置报警的多个图标的监测器屏蒂; [0112] FIG 12A illustrates a plurality of pedicle monitor screen for setting the alarm icons according to an embodiment of the present invention display;

[0113]图12B示出了根据本发明的实施方式显示用于设置报警的多个图标的另一个示例性监测器屏幕; [0113] FIG 12B shows a plurality of icons alarm monitor another exemplary embodiment of the present invention in accordance with the screen display;

[0114]图12C示出了根据本发明的另一个实施方式显示用于设置报警的多个图标的另一个示例性监测器屏幕; [0114] FIG 12C illustrates another exemplary monitoring screen according to another embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of icons for display of alarms;

[0115]图13A是是示出常规循环呼吸回路的一些基本元件的示图,其中在本发明的麻醉系统的非循环呼吸回路中大部分元件被省略或者不需要; [0115] FIG 13A is a diagram of some basic elements of the breathing circuit showing a conventional loop, wherein most of the components are omitted in the non-cyclic anesthesia breathing circuit system according to the present invention or the need;

[0116]图13B示出了根据本发明的麻醉系统的实施方式的非循环呼吸回路; [0116] FIG 13B shows a non-cyclic breathing circuit anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0117]图13C示出了最优形状麻醉气体脉冲,从而麻醉气体的脉冲序列可实时地注射至患者的吸入流动流; [0117] FIG 13C illustrates the optimal shape of anesthetic gas pulses to the pulse sequence in real time, the anesthetic gas may be injected into the patient's inhalation flow stream;

[0118]图14A示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的旁路启动按钮的第一位置; [0118] FIG. 14A shows a first position of the start button bypass anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0119]图14B示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的旁路启动按钮的第二位置; [0119] FIG 14B shows a second position bypassing the start button anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0120]图14C示出了根据本发明的实施方式的用户调节麻醉系统的旁路启动按钮; [0120] FIG 14C shows a bypass regulating anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention, a user of the start button;

[0121]图14D示出了根据本发明的实施方式当麻醉系统处于“关闭”状态时麻醉系统的启动的旁路启动按钮; [0121] FIG 14D shows a start when the anesthesia system is in "off" state in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention the anesthesia system bypass start button;

[0122]图15A示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端P; [0122] FIG. 15A shows the auxiliary common gas outlet of the anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention (ACGO) end P;

[0123]图15B示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)的停用位置; [0123] FIG. 15B shows the auxiliary common gas outlet of the anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention (ACGO) according to the inactive position;

[0124]图15C示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口的启动位置; [0124] FIG 15C shows (ACGO) start position in accordance with the port auxiliary common gas outlet of the anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0125]图15D示出了根据本发明的实施方式连接有呼吸回路的辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)的启动位置。 [0125] FIG 15D shows the starting position of the auxiliary common gas outlet connected with a breathing circuit (ACGO) according to an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0126]本发明涉及具有集成的、可扩展临床中心和临床/麻醉办公室的麻醉系统。 [0126] The present invention relates to an integrated, scalable center clinical and clinical / office anesthesia anesthesia system. 本发明涉及麻醉系统,其容纳物理分离的临床和办公室功能。 The present invention relates to an anesthesia system, which separates the receiving physical and clinical office functions. 本发明还涉及麻醉系统,其允许系统的一部分被带至更接近患者,使得在照顾患者的气道(airway)的同时进行临床控制,而不损失临床医生的可用空间或挤占患者区域。 The present invention further relates to an anesthesia system, which allows the system to be brought closer to a part of the patient, so that the clinical care of a patient while controlling airway (Airway) without loss of the clinician or crowding of available space region of the patient.

[0127]本发明涉及多个实施方式。 [0127] The present invention relates to a plurality of embodiments. 提供以下的公开使得本领域普通技术人员能够实现本发明。 The following disclosure that one of ordinary skill in the art to practice the invention. 本发明中使用的语言不应解释为对任一个具体实施方式的大体否认,或者用于超出这里使用的术语的意思而限制权利要求。 Language used in the present invention should not be construed to any particular embodiment of a generally denied, or for exceeding the meaning of the term used herein to limit the claims. 这里限定的总体原则可应用于其它实施方式和应用而不偏离本发明的实质和范围。 General principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments and applications without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 此外,所使用的术语和语言是用于说明示例性实施方式的目的而不被考虑为限制性的。 In addition, the language and terminology used is for the purpose of illustrating exemplary embodiments not to be considered limiting. 因此,本发明与最宽范围一致,其包括与所公开的主题和特征一致的多种替代实施例、变形和等同。 Accordingly, consistent with the widest scope of the present invention, which comprises consistent with the subject matter disclosed and characterized in various alternative embodiments, modifications and equivalents. 为了清楚的目的,涉及机械材料的细节是在与本发明相关的技术领域已知的,没有进行具体地说明,因此不会不必要地模糊本发明。 For purposes of clarity, details relating to machine materials are known in the art related to the present invention is not specifically described, so as not to unnecessarily obscure the present invention.

[0128]图1A和图1B示出了本发明的麻醉系统100的一个实施方式,其允许对麻醉师的工作区域进行合适的工作流程管理。 [0128] FIGS. 1A and 1B illustrate one embodiment of the present invention the anesthesia system 100, which allows the anesthesiologist working area is suitable workflow management. 该麻醉系统100是小的、紧凑的系统配置,且可容易地移动至接近患者的床侧。 The anesthesia system 100 is a small, compact system configuration, and can be easily moved close to the patient's bed side. 在一个实施方式中,本发明提供了一种麻醉系统,其包括第一部分102和第二部分104,其中第一部分102包括用于至少一个临床控制装置的支撑件(support)以及用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口(patient connect1n)。 In one embodiment, the present invention provides an anesthesia system, comprising a first portion 102 and second portion 104, wherein first portion 102 includes a support member (Support) at least one of the clinical and control means for providing to a patient treating at least one patient connection (patient connect1n). 在一个实施方式中,患者连接口包括呼吸回路。 In one embodiment, the patient breathing circuit comprising a connecting port. 在一个实施方式中,第二部分104包括用于支撑和接收第一部分102的底座部分。 In one embodiment, the second portion 104 includes a base portion for supporting and receiving the first portion 102. 此外,第二部分104包括气体和电连接口(pneumatic and electricalconnect1n)。 Further, the second portion 104 and an electrical connector includes a gas (pneumatic and electricalconnect1n). 在一个实施方式中,第二部分104是经由吸入供应源(suct1n supply)和至少一个麻醉气体供应源而气动地连接至第一部分102的。 In one embodiment, the second portion 104 is pneumatically connected to the first portion 102 via a suction supply (suct1n supply) and at least one anesthetic gas supply source. 在一个实施方式中,第一部分102相对于第二部分104可伸展,且能够从设置在第二部分104上的底座沿着滑动轨道移出。 In one embodiment, the first portion 102 relative to the second portion 104 may be extended, and can be removed from the base disposed on the second portion 104 along the slide rail. 在一个实施方式中,该轨道被设置成相对于第二部分的正面和底座成倾斜的角度,允许第一部分从第二部分向前和向左移动。 In one embodiment, the track is arranged with respect to the front surface of the base and a second portion at an oblique angle, it allows the first portion and the second portion is moved leftward from the front.

[0129] 在一个实施方式中,第一部分102包括临床中心(CC)部分,且第二部分104包括麻醉办公室(AO)部分。 [0129] In one embodiment, the first portion 102 includes a Clinical Center (CC) portion and the second portion 104 comprises an anesthetic Office (AO) moiety.

[0130]临床中心(CC)和临床医生/麻醉办公室(AO) [0130] Clinical Center (CC) and the clinician / anesthesia office (AO)

[0131]在一个实施方式中,图1A中所示的麻醉系统100的“临床中心”(CC)部分102包括至少一个临床控制装置和用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口。 [0131] In one embodiment, the system shown in FIG. 1A anesthesia in "Clinical Center" (the CC) 100 portion 102 includes at least one clinical control means for providing therapy to a patient at least one patient connection port.

[0132]如图1B中的上层系统结构中所示,麻醉系统(I 00)包括气和电连接口。 [0132] an upper layer system configuration shown in FIG. 1B, the anesthesia system (I 00) comprises a connection port for gas and electricity. 在操作中,该临床中心(CC) 102经由至少一个呼吸回路接口气动地连接至患者。 In operation, the Clinical Center (CC) 102 connected to at least one breathing circuit interface to a patient via a pneumatically. 在一个实施方式中,呼吸回路包括吸入分支(inspiratory limb)和呼出分支(expiratory limb)中的至少一个或者两者。 In one embodiment, the breathing circuit comprising at least one intake branch (inspiratory limb) and exhale branch (expiratory limb), or in both. “吸入分支”和“呼出分支”是大多数供氧和麻醉系统中的标准部件,且因此在本领域是已知的且在这里将不再说明。 "Suction branch" and "outgoing branch" is a standard part of most oxygen and anesthesia systems, and are known and thus will not be described herein in the art. 在一个实施方式中,回路的吸入和呼出部分是共轴的且容纳在一个分支中。 In one embodiment, the inhalation and exhalation portions of the circuit are coaxial and housed in a branch.

[0133]此外,CC102的功能系统结构使用多种连接,诸如,用于02、一氧化二氮(N2O)和空气的调节供应压力(如,30PSI),壁吸附(wall suct1n),DC电源,和自A0104的数据通信(如,内部系统或医院网络)XC102向A0104提供患者监测和供氧数据。 [0133] Furthermore, the functional structure of the system using a variety of connection CC102, such as for 02, regulated supply nitrous oxide (N2O) and air pressure (e.g., 30PSI), the sorption (wall suct1n), DC power supply, since A0104 and data communication (e.g., within the system, or hospital network) XC102 providing a patient monitoring data to the oxygen supply and A0104.

[0134]在一个实施方式中,CC102包括用于呼吸气体的气动连接,该气体经由采样管(sample line)进给至本发明的系统。 [0134] In one embodiment, CC 102 comprises a pneumatic connector for a respiratory gas, the gas is fed into the system via a sampling tube according to the present invention (sample line). CC102还包括从CC102引出的气动辅助氧气连接。 CC102 further comprising a pneumatic connection from the auxiliary oxygen CC102 drawn. 此外,CC102包括至本发明的麻醉办公室104的气动吸入连接口。 Further, CC102 including narcotic office 104 to the invention a pneumatic suction connection port. 在一个实施方式中,CC102电连接至生理监测设备。 In one embodiment, CC102 electrically connected to a physiological monitoring device.

[0135] 参考图1A、1B、1C和1D,CC102功能性和部件包括容纳在机柜118中的呼吸机(未示出);呼吸机监测参数连接口119;呼吸机显示器109;生理监护仪132(在图1C中示出);至少一个生理监护仪显示器111;图1D的呼吸分析和连接口163;呼吸回路(循环或非循环)和控制装置150;共同的气体出口(还被称作辅助共同气体出口)151;APL阀152,袋153,和压力计154;袋至换气孔开关(Bag to Vent Switch)106;风箱(Bellows)107;C02吸收器155;麻酉卒气体清除156;患者吸气控制装置157和导管存储部158;辅助氧气控制装置(还被称作辅助流管)112和连接口113;新鲜气体流动混合装置160和控制装置161;蒸发器和附件后扶手108;注射栗支架116;可扩展临床工作区115;和无线传感器对接部117。 [0135] Referring to FIG 1A, 1B, 1C and 1D, CC102 functionality and components comprising housed in the cabinet 118 of the ventilator (not shown); ventilator monitor parameters of the connection port 119; the ventilator monitor 109; physiological monitors 132 (shown in FIG. 1C); at least one physiological monitor display 111; FIG. 1D breath analysis 163 and the connecting port; breathing circuit (cyclic or acyclic) and the control device 150; common gas outlet (also referred to as auxiliary common gas outlet) 151; APL valve 152, a bag 153, and a pressure gauge 154; vent hole to switch bags (Bag to Vent switch) 106; bellows (bellows) 107; C02 absorber 155; Ma Death unitary gas purge 156; the control device 157 and the patient inhales the catheter storage unit 158; an auxiliary oxygen control apparatus (also referred to as secondary flow tube) 112 and the connecting port 113; the fresh gas flow mixing means 160 and control means 161; rear evaporator 108 and armrest accessory; injection Li holder 116; clinical work area 115 may be extended; abutting portion 117 and the wireless sensor.

[0136] 再参考图1A和图1B,麻醉办公室(AO) 104经由吸入供应(suct1n supply)和麻醉气体供应(集成至系统结构)而气动地连接至CC102,其包括调节的02,N20,和空气。 [0136] Referring again to FIGS. 1A and 1B, the anesthesia Office (AO) 104 pneumatically connected to the CC102 via a suction supply (suct1n supply) and anesthetic gas supply (fully integrated into the structure), which comprises a regulation 02, N20, and air. A0104还气动地连接至壁吸入单元,空气管道,O2管道,和N2O管道。 A0104 is also pneumatically connected to the wall of the intake unit, air duct, O2 pipes, pipelines and N2O. A0104电连接至附属电源、AC电源和外部通信装置。 A0104 is electrically connected to the auxiliary power supply, AC power and external communication device.

[0137]麻醉办公室104的功能和部件包括用户存储区域120;计算机连接和网络连接区域125;用于02瓶,N2O瓶,和空气瓶,止回阀(未示出,集成至系统)和调节支架(未示出,集成至系统)的气瓶附件;管道附件(未示出,设置在系统后面),止回阀(未示出,集成至系统),和调节装置(未示出,集成至系统);吸入附件(未示出,设置在系统之后);自动N2O切断,没有O2(未示出,集成至系统);AC至DC功率调节(未示出,集成);AC电源隔离至附件连接(未示出,集成);备用电源系统(未示出,集成);和用于第三方监护器(3rdparty monitoring)的安装区域170。 [0137] 104 anesthesia office functions and components include a user storage area 120; the computer and network connection area 125; for 02 bottles, N2O bottle, the bottle and the air, a check valve (not shown, to the system integration) and regulation cylinder attachment bracket (not shown, integrated into the system); pipe fittings (not shown, is provided at the system), a check valve (not shown, integrated into the system), and adjustment means (not shown, integrated to the system); a suction attachment (not shown, provided after the system); automatic N2O cut off, no O2 (not shown, integrated into the system); the AC-to-DC power regulator (not shown, integration); the AC power supply isolation to accessory connector (not shown, integration); backup power supply system (not shown, integration); and a mounting region for a third party monitors (3rdparty monitoring) 170.

[0138]在一个实施方式中,A0104包括用于本发明的麻醉系统100的支撑底座,提供了用于麻醉师的文档、存储17 2和个人物品173的可使用空间171。 [0138] In one embodiment, A0104 anesthesia system comprising a support base 100 of the invention there is provided a document for anesthetists, storing personal items 173 and 172 of the space 171 may be used. 该AO104设置有特征,例如:工作表面174、175以支持麻醉师的站立和站立行为(如图3A、3B和3C所示);容纳计算机键盘的拉出托盘176;在AO的正面上的个人电子设备连接器178;侧门存储部177,其中,当打开时容纳易于清洁的口袋和分类夹,用于存储诸如笔、笔记本、书写板、文档等等的办公用品;具有倾斜前端以提供容纳膝盖空间的脚踏179;基于手柄的脚轮解锁装置180;和用于暗照明条件下运行的工作区域照明装置181。 The AO104 is provided with characteristics such as: working surface 174, 175 to support the stand and standing behavior anesthetist (FIG. 3A, 3B and 3C); receiving the tray 176 is pulled out of the computer keyboard; individuals on the front side of the AO connectors for electronic equipment 178; 177 Side storage unit, wherein, when the open receiving pocket for easy cleaning and sorting clip for storage such as a pen, a notebook, tablets, documents, etc. office supplies; having a tapered forward end to provide a knee receiving 179 foot space; handle unlocking device based on castors 180; and the working area of ​​the illumination device 181 for operating under dark lighting conditions.

[0139]在一个实施方式中,该A0104容纳用于麻醉系统的所有的气动供应、AC电支持和数据通信连接,并且向CC102提供用于其功能的必要的输入。 [0139] In one embodiment, the receiving A0104 pneumatic supply for all anesthesia system, the AC power and to support a data communication connection, and to provide the necessary input for the function to CC102. 在一个实施方式中,A0104可被看作麻醉系统100的“中心(hub)”,并提供以下功能:用于麻醉系统部件(包括CC)的AC至DC电源转换;用于附件出口的AC电源隔离;备用电源(S卩,电池、UPS);管道源的气动保护(S卩,过滤器、止回阀);气瓶连接和安装位置;具有自动管道损失跨接(loss cross-over)的气瓶供应的主调节;系统状态屏幕;和医院网络数据连接。 In one embodiment, A0104 may be regarded as "Center (Hub)" Anesthesia system 100 and provide the following functions: means for anesthesia system (including the CC) of the AC-to-DC power converter; AC power outlet for attachment isolation; standby power (S Jie, the battery, the UPS); protected pneumatic conduit source (S Jie, filters, check valves); and a mounting position of the cylinder connector; with automatic crossover duct loss (loss cross-over) of regulating the supply of primary cylinders; system status screen; hospital network and a data connection.

[0140]图1C示出了本发明的麻醉系统的一个实施方式的后侧,示出了连接区域130,其中电连接至监测设备。 [0140] FIG. 1C illustrates an embodiment of a rear side of the anesthesia system according to the present invention, illustrating the connection region 130, which is electrically connected to the monitoring device. 此外,如上所述,图1C还示出了生理监测器132。 As described above, FIG. 1C also shows a physiological monitor 132.

[0141 ] 图1D更详细地示出了呼吸(ventilat1n)监测参数连接区域119。 [0141] Figure 1D shows in more detail the respiratory (ventilat1n) monitoring parameters connection region 119. 此外,图1D还以放大图示出了麻醉气体清除系统156。 Further, FIG. 1D illustrates a further enlarged anesthetic gas scavenging system 156. 且最终地,附图还示出用于呼吸气体监测器的示例连接界面163。 And finally, the figure also illustrates an example interface 163 is connected to the respiratory gas monitor.

[0142]再参考图1A,可进行几种类型的移动以相对于本发明的麻醉系统的A0104定位CC102。 [0142] Referring again to Figure 1A, it can be moved in several types of anesthesia CC102 A0104 positioning system with respect to the present invention. 首先,旋转移动可用于将呼吸回路150(或者CC102)在接合197处以最大45度的增量式角度远离或朝向A0104旋转,使得CC102在相对于A0104的第一伸展位置处。 First, the rotational movement may be used to breathing circuit 150 (or CC 102) impose a maximum angle of 45 ° incremental rotation of the engagement 197 away from or towards the A0104, so that the CC 102 in a first extended position with respect to A0104.

[0143]在一个实施方式中,CC102在设置于A0104上的底座支架上的滑动轨道(未示出)上移动,从其在A0104上的锁定位置(S卩,完全集成位置)移动至完全伸展位置。 [0143] In one embodiment, the CC 102 is provided in the slide rail (not shown) on the base bracket moves on the A0104, is moved to its fully extended locking position on A0104 (S Jie, fully integrated position) position. 在一个实施方式中,轨道的一部分优选地被设置成与A0104的正面和轮底座成倾斜的角度,其在一个实施方式中是24度,从而允许CC102移动且其连接口从其完全集成位置向前和向左移动。 In one embodiment, the portion of the track is preferably provided with a front wheel and the chassis A0104 into an oblique angle, which is 24 degrees in one embodiment, the movement and allowing CC102 port connected position to its fully integrated front and left.

[0144]第二,在接合196处的平移运动具有O至14.5英寸的范围,以将CC102压缩和折叠回A0104中,或将CC102从A0104延伸离开。 [0144] Second, the engagement at the translational movement 196 has a range of O to 14.5 inches, to compress and fold back into the CC102 in A0104, A0104 or CC102 extending away from. 此外,在接合处196的平移运动还导致在接合处197的平移运动。 Further, at the junction 196 also causes translational movement of the translational movement of the joint 197. 因此,一旦从A0104平移远离,CC102处于相对于A0104的第二伸展位置。 Thus, once the translation away from the A0104, CC 102 in a second extended position with respect to A0104.

[0145]此外,上述旋转和平移运动可结合,使得CC102位于相对于A0104的第三伸展位置。 [0145] Further, the rotational and translational movement may be combined, such CC102 positioned relative to the third extended position of A0104.

[0146]对本领域技术人员来说很明显,尽管仅示出了少数的位置,然而CC102相对于A0104具有多个位置。 [0146] apparent to those skilled in the art, although only a small number of positions, but CC102 having a plurality of positions with respect to A0104. 在一个实施方式中,可通过将CC102从A0104旋转、平移,或者旋转和平移离开而进入工作空间点(在图2A中以297示出,且在下文中更详细地说明)。 In one embodiment, the CC102 from A0104 by the rotation, translation, or rotation and translation into the working space away from the point (shown at 297 in FIG. 2A, and described in more detail below).

[0147]图2A示出了 CC202向外伸缩且从A0204远离,形成用于临床医生使用的临床工作空间区域。 [0147] FIG 2A illustrates a telescoping outward and away from CC202 A0204, formed clinical workspace area for the clinician. 通过比较,且再参考图1A,在图1A中示出的本发明的麻醉系统100是完全折叠位置。 By comparison, and again with reference to FIG. 1A, the anesthesia system according to the present invention shown in FIG. 1A 100 is fully folded position. 再参考图2A中的伸缩的系统200,在CC202从A0204移动远离时所形成的间隙扩张且露出工作表面210,使得其从主AO工作表面207下方的区域延伸出来。 Referring again to FIG. 2A scalable system 200, when the expansion gap CC202 formed A0204 moved away from the working surface 210 and is exposed so that it extends from the area below the main work surface 207 AO. 这些表面210在其接合面211具有紧公差或挠性密封,以避免位于表面上的材料被堵塞至表面之间的间隙中。 These tight tolerances or surface 210 having a flexible seal at its engagement surface 211, located on the surface to prevent clogging of material to the gap between the surfaces. 在一个实施方式中,CC202的移动被步进(indexed)以形成CC202相对于A0204的刚性定位装置。 In one embodiment, CC202 movement is step (an indexed) to form a rigid positioning means CC 202 with respect to A0204. 在其它实施方式中,还可使用不包括步进的多个其它锁定装置,以获得具有足够刚性的锁定机构,以防止CC202相对于A0204的无意的移动和将扩展的工作表面210上的物品移开。 In other embodiments, the plurality of other locking means may also be used excluding step to obtain the locking mechanism rigid enough to prevent CC202 210 relative to the article on the unintentional movement of the working surface and the extended shift A0204 open.

[0148]在多个实施方式中,要求防止诸如废弃材料、笔、针、注射器等的杂物被拉入麻醉系统的内部、非用户接触部分。 [0148] In various embodiments, the waste material is required to prevent such debris, pen, needle, syringe or the like is pulled into the interior of the anesthesia system, the non-contact portion of the user. 如果允许该杂物滑动至主A0204工作表面207或者CC202的工作表面210下方,则可引起收缩或者伸展堵塞,或者另外地干扰和妨碍麻醉系统的内部分。 If the debris allowed to slide to the working surface of the working surface of the main A0204 below 210,207 or CC202, the shrinkage or stretching can cause clogging, and impede or otherwise interfere with the inner portion of the anesthesia system. 此外,重要的是在收缩/折叠过程中保证系统的部分移动至内部,如当收缩时在主A0204工作表面207下方移动的工作表面210,不会引起内部的微生物污染,其可以是可伸展工作表面210的再污染源,即使之前已经清洁过表面。 In addition, it is important that the shrinkage / folding process to ensure that the internal parts of the mobile system, such as when the shrinkage moving work surface 207 below the main A0204 work surface 210, without causing microbial contamination of the interior, which may be extended work further sources surface 210, even if the previously cleaned surface.

[0149]如上所述,麻醉系统的从上方或下方移动经过彼此的表面,如表面210和207,在其接合面211具有紧公差或挠性密封,以避免位于表面上的材料被堵在间隙中或者卡在表面之间。 [0149] As described above, the anesthesia system moves above or below one another from a treated surface, such as surfaces 210 and 207 at its joining surface 211 having a flexible seal or close tolerance, to prevent the material located on the surface of the gap blocked or between the surface of the card. 在一个实施方式中,所使用的挠性密封件是“球缘密封条(bulb seals)”,如本领域技术人员已知的。 In one embodiment, the flexible seal is used, "bulb seals (bulb seals)", as known to the skilled person. 在应用之后,当表面210收回或折叠进入系统时,该球缘型密封条弯曲以完全填充表面210的顶部和表面207的底部之间的间隙。 After application, the surface 210 when retracted or folded into the system, the bulb type seal a gap between the curved bottom surface 207 to completely filling and top surface 210.

[0150]图2B示出了应用至本发明的麻醉系统的球缘密封条225。 [0150] FIG 2B shows a bulb anesthesia system according to the present invention is applied to the seal 225. 如图2B中所示,至少一个球缘型密封条225和优选地多个球缘型密封条225被设置在表面207和210的接合面211处。 As shown in FIG. 2B, at least one bulb type seal 225 and preferably a plurality of bulb type seal surface 207 engaging surface 211, and 210 are provided at 225. 在多个实施方式中,本领域已知的其它密封件,如刷型密封件(wiper type seal)或者烧性泡沫,可用于本发明的麻醉系统。 In various embodiments, other seals known in the art, such as brush-type seal member (wiper type seal) or burning of the foam, can be used in the anesthesia system according to the present invention.

[0151]在一个实施方式中,采用的密封件包括抗菌处理,以保证表面210在界面211处被挠性密封件滑过时不被微生物污染。 [0151] In one embodiment, the seals are not contaminated by microorganisms comprising the antibacterial treatment, in order to ensure that the surface 210 slides over the flexible seal at the interface 211. 该抗菌处理是本领域已知的。 The antibacterial treatment are known in the art. 例如,本领域已知的抗菌银离子表面处理可应用于本发明。 For example, known in the art antimicrobial silver ion surface treatment may be applied to the present invention. 在另一个实施方式中,所应用的密封件可以是泡沫类型,其在应用之前被浸入抗菌溶液中。 In another embodiment, the sealing member may be applied foam type, which is immersed in the antimicrobial solution prior to application. 本领域已知的多种其它抗菌密封件可应用于该麻醉系统中。 Known in the art a variety of other antimicrobial may be applied to seal the anesthesia system.

[0152]为了进一步减少交叉污染的机会,在一个实施方式中,工作表面210的顶表面和AO工作表面207的顶和底表面涂覆有抗菌处理,如银离子。 [0152] To further reduce the chances of cross-contamination, in one embodiment, the top and bottom surfaces and a top surface coating work surface work surface AO 210 207 have antibacterial treatment, such as silver ions. 在仍另一个实施方式中,抗菌处理为处理表面贴面(decal)的形式,其被施加在工作表面210的顶表面和AO工作表面207的顶和底表面上。 In yet another embodiment, the antimicrobial treatment is a treatment surface veneer (the decal) form, which is applied on the working surface and the top surface 210 of the AO work surface 207 of the top and bottom surfaces. 贴面(或转印)是塑料、布、纸或陶瓷基底,其可通过接触,通常通过热或水的帮助,而被移动到另一个表面上。 Veneer (or transfer) is a plastic, cloth, paper, or a ceramic substrate, which may, generally, be moved with the help of heat or water to another surface by contact. 在一个实施方式中,在将贴面应用至麻醉系统的一个或多个表面上之前,表面贴面通过使用本领域已知的任何合适的表面涂覆方法而涂覆有抗菌处理。 In one embodiment, prior to one or more surfaces of the facing is applied to the anesthesia system, the surface veneer surface using any suitable coating method known in the art is coated with an antibacterial treatment. 该抗菌处理涂覆表面贴面可由麻醉系统的用户定期更换。 The antibacterial treatment user coated surface veneer anesthesia system can be periodically replaced. 此外,对本领域普通技术人员很明显,多种其它商业可购得的抗菌处理和涂层可用于上述的目的。 Furthermore, it is obvious to those of ordinary skill in the art, a variety of other commercially available coatings and may be used for the antimicrobial treatment of the above-described object.

[0153]在可选的实施方式中,通过使用商业可获得的抗菌处理而使得工作表面210的顶表面和AO工作表面207的顶和底表面永久地消毒。 [0153] In an alternative embodiment, by using a commercially available antibacterial treatment of the working surface and top surface and the working surface AO 210 207 the top and bottom surfaces of the permanent sterilization. 例如,可应用膜基溶液(film-basedsolut1n),其具有固有的微几何结构,在被应用至表面上时使得表面抵抗微生物生长。 For example, the film may be applied based solution (film-basedsolut1n), which has an inherent microstructure geometry, so that the surface is resistant to microbial growth when applied to the surface.

[0154]在可选的实施方式中,为了防止污染,麻醉系统还被配置有至少一个紫外线(UV)光源,其在本领域已知具有抗菌效果。 [0154] In an alternative embodiment, in order to prevent contamination, the anesthesia system is further provided with at least one ultraviolet (UV) light, which are known to have an antimicrobial effect in the art. 例如,可使用被设计成消毒表面的UV光源,该表面包括医学工业中使用的表面。 For example, a disinfecting a surface designed to UV light, the surface comprising a surface used in the medical industry. 如对本领域人员或普通技术人员很明显,适用于所述应用的任何其它常规的UV光源可用于消毒该麻醉系统。 As is obvious to those of ordinary skill in the art or any other conventional UV light source suitable to the application it may be used to disinfect the anesthesia system. 在一个实施方式中,UV光源被设置在麻醉系统的内部的一个或多个位置处,且在麻醉系统的工作表面210伸展或收回时被启动。 In one embodiment, UV light source is disposed at the interior of a plurality of positions or anesthesia system, and is activated when extended or retracted working surface 210 of the anesthesia system. 在另一个实施方式中,连续地或周期性地启动所使用的UV光源预定时间段。 In another embodiment, continuously or periodically activate the UV light source used for a predetermined time period. 根据本发明的实施方式,图2C示出了用于麻醉系统的UV光源235。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG 2C shows a UV light source 235 for the anesthesia system. 如图所示,UV光源235被设置在主AO工作表面207下方,用于当CC被伸展且工作表面210露出时对麻醉系统的内表面进行照明。 As shown in FIG, UV light source 235 is disposed under the main AO work surface 207, it is extended for a CC and the working surface to illuminate the inner surface 210 is exposed when the anesthesia system. 当表面210延伸出时,该UV光源235照亮并消毒在工作表面207下方形成的间隙,以及其它部件。 When the surface 210 extends out of the UV light source 235 illuminates and sterilized gap formed underneath the working surface 207, and other components.

[0155]在另一个实施方式中,提供了用于消毒麻醉系统的低成本系统,其可用于医院环境的多个系统。 [0155] In another embodiment, a low-cost system for disinfecting anesthesia system, a plurality of systems which can be used in a hospital environment. 替代内建于麻醉系统中的UV光源,该实施方式中设置了UV光“棒(wand)”,其被周期地引入麻醉(和其它)系统的内部用于将系统消毒。 Alternatively anesthesia system built into the UV light source, this embodiment is provided by UV light "bar (WAND)", which is periodically introduced into the interior of anesthetic (and others) a system for the disinfection system. 在一个实施方式中,该“棒”是细的、UV光源元件,其被设置成用于麻醉系统的专门服务工具。 In one embodiment, the "stick" is thin, UV light source element, which is arranged to exclusively service tool system for anesthesia. 该棒可通过用户在例行基础上引入麻醉系统的内部,用于对系统的内部进行消毒的目的。 The rod may be introduced into the interior of the anesthesia system on a routine basis by a user, the internal system for the purpose of disinfection. 在一个实施方式中,麻醉系统被设置有用于插入UV光棒的进入孔。 In one embodiment, the anesthesia system is provided with a UV light access hole for inserting the rod. 在另一个实施方式中,可将麻醉系统的一个或多个预定盖移除,以将UV光棒引入系统内。 In another embodiment, the system may be one or more predetermined anesthetic cover removed to UV light rod introduced into the system.

[0156]在另一个实施方式中,麻醉系统的内部通过抗菌垫,或者浸有抗菌清洁剂的通用垫而被周期地清洁,用于杀菌。 [0156] In another embodiment, the interior of the anesthesia system by antibacterial pad, or a pad impregnated with an antibacterial cleaning agent general be periodically cleaned, used for sterilization. 在该实施方式中,抗菌垫被临时地连接至工作表面210,且随着系统缩回而在主AO工作表面207下方被引入麻醉系统内。 In this embodiment, the antimicrobial pad is temporarily connected to the working surface 210, and as the system is retracted within the anesthesia system is introduced below the main work surface 207 AO. 该抗菌垫是挠性的,且随着工作表面210缩进而摩擦AO工作表面207的底表面。 The antibacterial mat is flexible, and with work surface 210 retracted AO friction surface of the bottom surface 207 of the work. 在一个实施方式中,该抗菌垫由挠性棉质材料制成,其在移动进入麻醉系统中时向下按压,且在其横向移动经过系统的内表面时提供“擦拭”动作。 In one embodiment, the antimicrobial cotton pad made of flexible material, which is pressed down into the anesthesia system movement, and provide a "wiping" action of the system passes through the inner surface of the lateral movement. 在一个实施方式中,该抗菌垫浸有异丙醇或者任何其它现有的消毒剂。 In one embodiment, the antimicrobial pad soaked with isopropyl alcohol or any other existing disinfectant. 该抗菌垫可通过麻醉系统的相继伸展和缩回而提供多个擦拭动作,以保证抗菌处理。 The antimicrobial pad anesthesia system can extend and retract sequentially providing a plurality of wiping action to ensure that the antibacterial treatment.

[0157]在可选实施方式中,该垫被永久地安装在工作表面210的边缘,且保持在AO工作表面207的下方,并且经由在接合面211处的毛细作用而周期地保持有商业可购买的抗菌溶液。 [0157] In an alternative embodiment, the pad is permanently mounted on the edge of the work surface 210, and remains below the work surface 207 of AO, and is commercially available periodically held via capillary action at the bonding surface 211 buy antibacterial solution. 图2D示出了根据本发明的实施方式的永久性地连接至麻醉系统的抗菌垫。 FIG 2D shows a permanently attached to the anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention, antibacterial pad. 如图所示,抗菌垫245连接至表面210,使得当CC伸展时垫245擦拭AO主表面207的内表面。 As illustrated, the pad 245 is connected to a antimicrobial surface 210, such that when the inner surface 245 of the main surface 207 of the wiping pad AO CC when stretched. 在一个实施方式中,用户或者生物医学服务人员可周期性地将异丙醇或者任何其它合适的消毒溶液倒在垫245上,以将垫245再填充,并对麻醉系统的内表面消毒。 In one embodiment, a user or service personnel can biomedical periodically isopropanol, or any other suitable sterile solution was poured pad 245, pad 245 to refill, and sterilizing the inner surface of the anesthesia system.

[0158]此外,对本领域普通技术人员很明显,使用商业可购买的表面和材料处理的可选实施方式,作为限制麻醉系统的暴露和内表面上的微生物生长的方式,也在本发明的实质范围内。 [0158] Further, it is apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art, the use of surface treatment materials and a commercially available alternative embodiment, the microorganisms limiting embodiment anesthesia system and the exposed inner surface growth, are essential to the invention range.

[0159]在另一个实施方式中,通过麻醉系统200的用户控制装置而电动驱动和电启动CC202相对于A0204的移动。 [0159] In another embodiment, the user 200 by the anesthesia system control apparatus and the electric drive is powered CC202 moved relative to the A0204. 在一个实施方式中,单个用户启动导致CC202相对于A0204的预编程电动移动。 In one embodiment, a single user activation causes CC202 preprogrammed relative movement of the electric A0204. 在一个实施方式中,如果用户致动的CC202电动移动遇到障碍,则CC202的移动自动停止。 In one embodiment, if the user moves the electric CC 202 actuated obstacles, the CC 202 is moved automatically stopped. 在一个实施方式中,移动电机的电流的改变用于探测障碍。 In one embodiment, the change in current of the motor for detecting moving obstacles. 同时,在另外的或可选的实施方式中,声音报警和/或视觉报警的形式的障碍信号,例如闪灯,用于指示障碍且使CC202的移动停止。 Meanwhile, in a further or alternative embodiment, the alarm sound and / or visual warning of obstacles in the form of a signal, e.g. flashing lights, for indicating the moving obstacle and stops CC202. 在一个实施方式中,将现有的用于照明麻醉系统的多个构件的灯用作报警闪灯。 In one embodiment, the plurality of members existing lamp for illuminating flash anesthesia system as an alarm. 在一个实施方式中,现有的灯包括在接近图1A中的点196的顶部区域中的用于聚焦在接近图1A的点197附近的汽化器和/或工作表面上的灯。 In one embodiment, the lamp includes a conventional top region near the point 196 in FIG. 1A for focusing light on a point near the FIG. 1A near the evaporator 197 and / or the work surface.

[0160] 此外,图2A示出了在CC202的底部的至少一个地板接触点225。 [0160] Further, FIG. 2A illustrates at least one floor contact point 225 at the bottom of the CC202. 随着CC202从A0204和主四轮台车底座214移动离开相当大的距离,由于倾覆和强度考虑,将系统的CC202部分从A0204悬臂支撑是不实际的。 As CC202 leaving a significant distance from the mobile station A0204 and the master vehicle four base 214, due to the overturning and strength considerations, the part of the system from CC202 A0204 cantilever support is not practical. 因此,CC202使用其本身的地面接触点225以允许负载支撑,被直接传递至地板而不是经由A0204推车框架,负载支撑可包括一个或多个用户倚靠在该CC202 上。 Thus, CC 202 using its own ground contact point 225 to allow the load support is directly transferred to the floor rather than via A0204 stroller frame, the load support may comprise one or more user leans on the CC202.

[0161]在一个实施方式中,该至少一个接触点225能够在完全360度方式提供同等的水平摩擦,且是但不限于可移动负载转移机构的旋转轨迹球类型或者脚轮类型(具有多个轮),其允许直排移动以及侧向移动。 [0161] In one embodiment, the at least one contact point 225 can provide the same level of friction in the manner exactly 360 degrees, but is not limited to and rotatably moving a trackball type or castor load transfer mechanism of the type (having a plurality of wheels ), which allows movement and lateral movement inline. 使用可移动接触保证CC202和麻醉系统200可被整体地和快速地移动或重定位,甚至在“打开”或完全伸展配置。 Use movable contact and ensure CC202 anesthesia system 200 may be integrally and quickly moving or repositioning, even in the "open" or fully extended configuration. 在一个实施方式中,通过锁定A0204下方的两个或四个轮的中间制动系统而锁定麻醉系统200。 In one embodiment, two or four wheels by locking brake system below the intermediate locked anesthesia system 200 A0204. 在一个实施方式中,该中间制动系统经由本领域技术人员已知的脚踏板215而控制,或者经由在麻醉系统的移动手柄上的一个或多个位置处的手杆而控制,将在下文中更详细地说明。 In one embodiment, the intermediate brake system known in the art by the skilled foot pedal 215 is controlled, or controlled via a hand lever or at the handle on the movement of a plurality of positions of the anesthesia system, the next described in more detail hereinafter. 该手杆提供了更加直接的锁定/解锁配置。 This provides a more direct hand lever lock / unlock configuration.

[0162]在一个实施方式中,当CC202被移动进其底座、靠在A0204上的锁定位置时,该至少一个接触点225从地板脱离,仅留下初始的标准四个脚轮与地板接触。 [0162] In one embodiment, when the CC202 is moved into its seat, the locking position, the at least one contact point 225 is disengaged from the floor against the A0204, leaving only four casters standard initial contact with the floor. 可选地,即使在锁定位置,也可保持CC202与地板之间的接触。 Alternatively, even in the locked position, the contact can be maintained between the floor and the CC202. 在一个实施方式中,接触点225被配置有合适的几何结构,以在接触点225伸展时移动地板上的障碍物,其包括但不限于诸如盖或挠性弹簧等的元件,其与地板非常接近且从而在障碍物接近地板上的接触点225之前推动或升高障碍物。 In one embodiment, the contact point 225 is configured with a suitable geometry, the contact point 225 to stretch when the moving obstacle on the floor, including but not limited to a flexible member such as a cover or a spring or the like, which floor is close proximity and thereby push the obstacle or raise obstacles before 225 contact points on the floor.

[0163]因此,在多个实施方式中,CC的地板接触点和移动机构允许载荷承载至由其从AO移动离开形成的工作空间区域,而没有倾覆或损坏的风险。 [0163] Thus, in various embodiments, the CC of the floor contact point and a moving mechanism to allow the load-bearing formation by moving away from the working space AO area without risk of damage or overturning. 如下文中所说明,将CC从AO分离所暴露的另外的可使用空间可由临床医生用于其供应品和工具,解决了在较小机器上的“有限工作空间”的问题。 As described below, an additional available space AO CC isolated from the exposed by the clinician and which supplies tools to solve problems on a smaller machine "limited work space". 另外,这还允许麻醉师在非常拥挤或有很多人和各种设备的环境中形成“其自己的空间”。 In addition, it also allows the anesthesiologist to form "their own space" in a very crowded or there are a lot of people and a variety of device environments. 该空间允许其将临床任务和工作流程与更加文件和办公相关的分离开。 This space allows it to clinical tasks and workflows with more office-related documents and separated.

[0164]图2A示出了远离A0204的呼吸回路连接区域206的角度铰接。 [0164] FIG 2A shows a hinged angle of the breathing circuit remote from the connection region 206 A0204. 该呼吸回路连接区域206是可伸缩和向外旋转的,以及通过A0204位于右手侧且CC202移到左侧为临床医生产生“坐舱”区域。 The breathing circuit connection region 206 is scalable and outward rotation, and by the right-hand side of A0204 located to the left and CC202 clinician produce a "cabin" area. 在该配置中,该A0204可被有利地设置成远离患者且在临床区域之外,但CC202和所有的临床工具可被设置成与患者密切接近。 In this configuration, the A0204 may be advantageously disposed outside away from the patient and the clinical area, and all but CC202 clinical tool may be disposed in close proximity to the patient. 已观察到,呼吸回路区域206的额外的角旋转还为临床医生露出了额外的工作空间212。 It has been observed, additional angular rotation of the breathing circuit region 206 is also exposed to clinicians extra work space 212.

[0165]在本发明的多个实施方式中,麻醉系统及其部件的伸缩运动和角旋转移动可展开为多种配置,从而让CC202被设置在相对于A0204的多个位置处。 [0165] In various embodiments of the invention, the telescoping movement and angular rotation of the anesthesia system and its components may be deployed in a variety of mobile configuration, so that CC202 are provided at a plurality of positions with respect to A0204. 如上相对于图1A所示,三种类型的移动可用于在本发明的麻醉系统中相对于A0204而设置CC202。 As described above with respect to FIG. 1A, the three types of movement may be used with respect to the A0204 CC202 provided in the anesthesia system of the present invention.

[0166]在一个实施方式中,旋转移动可用于将CC202在接合处295以增量式(incremental)角度离开或朝向A0204旋转。 [0166] In one embodiment, the rotational movement may be used to incrementally CC202 295 at an angle (the incremental) leaving or rotation at the junction towards A0204. 图2A和2E示出了本发明的麻醉系统的多种配置。 Figures 2A and 2E illustrate various configurations of the invention the anesthesia system. 图2A以本发明的麻醉系统200处于完全伸展和旋转打开位置开始,其中旋转角度275为45度的完全打开位置。 2A to FIG anesthesia system 200 of the present invention in a fully extended position and a rotated open started, wherein the rotational angle is 275 degrees in the fully open position 45. 角度275从最大的45度增量式地旋转至最小零度,直到麻醉系统200的CC部分202处于旋转闭合或折叠位置,且因此与系统旋转地齐平,其中角度275位于零度,如图2E中所示。 275 from zero degrees angle of minimum 45 ° maximum to incrementally rotated until the anesthesia system CC 200 at the rotary portion 202 closed or folded position, and thus is rotatably flush system, which is located in the angle 275 zero degrees, as shown in FIG. 2E Fig. 在一个实施方式中,旋转增量为以预定角度步进的,例如每步5度,或者使用摩擦轴承连续地控制为任何选择的角度。 In one embodiment, the rotational angle increments of a predetermined step, e.g. 5 degrees per step, or continuously controlled using friction bearing of any selected angle. 在优选的实施方式中,在零度角度具有棘爪(即,系统200的闭合或折叠位置),从而当系统200旋转完全闭合时,其以确定的方式“咔嗒”关闭。 In a preferred embodiment, the zero-degree angle with the pawl (i.e., a closed or folded position system 200), such that when the rotary system 200 completely closed, so as to determine which of the "click" off.

[0167]在另一个实施方式中,在接合部296处的平移移动可以将CC202伸缩地或线性地压缩和折叠回至A0204或者将CC202从A0204伸展离开。 [0167] In another embodiment, the translational movement at the engaging portion 296 may be linear or CC202 telescopically compressed and folded back to extend away from A0204 or A0204 from CC202. 图2F和2G示出了随着CC202被压缩并折叠回至A0204,在接合部296处将系统200平移移动的范围。 FIGS. 2F and 2G shows that as CC202 is compressed and folded back to the A0204, at the joining portion 296 of the system 200 translational movement range. 在一个实施方式中,可用于将CC202压缩和折叠回至A0204的平移移动范围是14.5英寸。 In one embodiment, it can be used to compress and CC202 folded back to the range of translational movement A0204 14.5 inches. 这里,应该注意到,在点296处的平移移动还导致在接合297处的平移移动298。 Here, it should be noted that translational movement also at point 296 results in translational movement 298 at the junction 297.

[0168]本领域技术人员应理解,旋转和平移移动可组合以具有CC202相对于A0204的多个位置。 [0168] Those skilled in the art will appreciate, may be combined rotational and translational movement with respect to a plurality of positions have CC202 of A0204. 因此,在一个实施方式中,可通过将CC202在接合297处从A0204旋转或平移离开而使用工作空间299,如图2H和21所示。 Thus, in one embodiment, by the CC202 A0204 at the junction 297 rotate or translate away from the use of the working space 299, and 21 shown in FIG. 2H. 图2H示出了当CC202以例如5度角度的至少一个增量移动从A0204离开的角位移。 FIG 2H shows that when at least one incremental movement CC202 e.g. angular displacement angle of 5 degrees away from A0204. 图21示出了根据一个实施方式,在CC202以45度角度从A0204完全旋转离开时的角位移,但是麻醉系统200没有为额外的工作空间展开或伸缩。 FIG 21 shows an embodiment, in CC202 angular displacement angle of 45 degrees from the time of the A0204 fully rotated away, but the anesthesia system 200 does not expand or stretch as an additional working space. 此外,CC可从AO伸出(平移移动),形成或露出额外的工作空间,如上所述。 In addition, CC may extend from AO (translational movement), the exposed formation or extra work space, as described above.

[0169]因此,在多个实施方式中,本发明的麻醉系统的CC可单侧地移动朝向患者和从主台车设备离开,该主台车设备包括A0、气瓶和管道气体连接。 [0169] Thus, in various embodiments, the anesthesia system according to the present invention can CC on one side towards the patient and away from the movable main car apparatus, the apparatus comprises a main car A0, gas cylinders and the pipe connection. 由于CC载有用于临床医生对患者的直接处理所必需的所有的临床控制装置和视觉显示器,这些区域保持在临床医生处理患者时易于接触和看见处。 Since the CC is contained for all clinical controls and direct the clinician visual display processing necessary for the patient, and these areas remain easily visible in contact with a clinician at the time of the treatment of patients. 该所得到的系统结构消除了对与CC的外部连接的需要,且仅要求提供“清洁的”气管道和电源。 The obtained system configuration eliminates the need for external connection to the CC, and only require "clean" gas line and power. 在一个实施方式中,CC本身可用作小的麻醉系统,使用较长的连接带连接至电和气源。 In one embodiment, the CC system itself can be used as a small anesthesia, use of longer connecting band connected to an electrical source gas.

[0170]在一个实施方式中,麻醉系统包括呼吸回路连接端口,其可旋转和水平地回转,以改进呼吸回路管的挠性,用于在杂乱和物理受限的医疗环境中布线。 [0170] In one embodiment, the system includes an anesthetic breathing circuit connection port, which is rotatably and horizontally swing to improve the flexibility of the breathing circuit tube for physically wiring clutter and limited medical environment. 如上所述,在手术室(OR)中的物理受限是由于但不限于手术类型,OR布局,使用中的设备,室中需要的人员数量,人员位置,以及其它原因,这增加了对麻醉系统的设置和结构的需要,特别是涉及呼吸管口连接。 As described above, in the physical operating room (OR), but are limited due to the type of surgery is not limited to, OR layout, using the apparatus, the number of persons, person's positions, and other reasons chamber required, which increases the Anesthetized and the need to set the configuration of a system, particularly to a breathing tube port connection. 呼吸管口连接通常限制系统的移动,且如果以错误的方向扭曲或扭转,则存在将呼吸管断开和扭结或扭曲的风险。 Moving the pipe joint typically limit the breathing system, and if twisted or twisted in the wrong direction, the breathing tube is a risk of kinking or twisting and disconnect exists.

[0171]图2J是至少一个旋转呼吸回路连接端口 232的实施方式,其处于第一默认配置,具有被设置成与临床中心(Ce)的前表面240相垂直的呼吸管连接出口。 [0171] Figure 2J is at least one rotating breathing circuit connection port 232 of the embodiment, it is in a first default configuration, is provided with the clinical center (Ce) perpendicular to the front surface 240 of breathing tube connected to the outlet.

[0172]图2K是图2J所示的本发明的旋转呼吸回路连接端口的放大正视图。 [0172] FIG. 2J 2K is a rotary breathing circuit of the present invention shown connected to an enlarged front view of the port.

[0173]图2L是图2J和2K所示的本发明的旋转呼吸回路连接端口的放大后视图。 [0173] FIG. 2J and 2L are diagrams rotation 2K breathing circuit of the present invention shown connected to an enlarged rear view of the port.

[0174]同时参考图2J、2K和2L,呼吸回路连接端口 232包括旋转本体,旋转本体具有旋转盖234和端口壳体236,该旋转盖234嵌入在临床中心(CC)202的底部部分202b上的平坦表面233中,且端口壳体236从旋转盖234向下延伸,其中在一个实施方式中,端口壳体为圆柱形状且限定用于接收气体的空间。 [0174] Referring to FIGS. 2J, 2K and 2L, the breathing circuit connection port 232 comprises a rotating body, the rotating body having a rotation of the cap 234 and housing port 236, the rotary cover 234 is embedded in the bottom of the Clinical Center (CC) 202 of the portion 202b the flat surface 233, and the port housing 236 extending downwardly from the rotatable cover 234, which in one embodiment, the port housing a cylindrical shape and defining a space for receiving a gas. 该旋转本体被插入CC102中,从而旋转盖234与顶平坦表面233平齐,且因此,在与CC202的顶平坦表面233相同的平面中,同时旋转本体的剩余部分被设置在CC202的顶平坦表面233下方。 The rotary body is inserted into the CC102, whereby rotation of the lid 234 flat surface flush with the top 233, and thus, the surface 233 of the top flat CC202 same plane, while the remaining portion of the rotary body is disposed on a top planar surface CC202 233 below. 整个旋转本体呼吸回路连接端口232随着端口232的任何部分的移动而移动。 The entire rotation body breathing circuit connection port 232 with the movement of any portion of the ports 232 is moved.

[0175] 此外,呼吸回路连接端口232包括至少一个分支,其是吸入、呼出,或其结合。 [0175] In addition, the breathing circuit connection port 232 includes at least one branch which is inhalation, exhalation, or a combination thereof. 在一个实施方式中,在呼吸回路连接端口232上的至少一个分支是连接至麻醉气体供应管用于接收气体的入口,和用于连接呼吸管的近端的出口,其中呼吸管的远端连接至患者。 In one embodiment, the breathing circuit on at least one connection port 232 is connected to a branch of the anesthetic gas supply inlet pipe for receiving gas, and an outlet connected to the proximal end of the breathing tube, wherein the distal end is connected to the breathing tube patient. 在一个实施方式中,入口239(图2L中所示)和出口238(图2K中所示)被设置成与端口壳体236的外部分垂直,使得其彼此直接相反(彼此设置成180度),且使得出口238被设置成与端口壳体236的外、竖直部分垂直,从而其从系统的前表面240伸出,同时入口239保持在系统的内部分中。 In one embodiment, the inlet 239 (shown in FIG. 2L) and an outlet 238 (shown in FIG. 2K) is disposed perpendicular to the outer portion of the port housing 236 such that it is directly opposite to each other (180 degrees from each other) and such that the outlet 238 is provided to an outer, vertical portion perpendicular to the port housing 236 such that it protrudes from the front surface 240 of the system, while the inlet portion 239 held within the system.

[0176]在另一个可选的实施方式中,入口和出口被设置在端口壳体236上,使得入口直接位于端口壳体236的外、底部分237的下方并连接至其上,且出口被设置成与端口壳体236的外、竖直部分垂直,使得其从系统的前表面240伸出。 [0176] In another alternative embodiment, the inlet and outlet ports are provided in the housing 236, such that the inlet port is located directly outside the housing 236, below the bottom portion 237 and connected thereto, and the outlet is the port housing 236 provided with an outer, vertical portion vertical so that it protrudes from the front surface 240 of the system.

[0177]这里应该注意,入口和出口可被设置在端口壳体236的任何位置上,使得其不干扰管连接或者呼吸回路连接端口232的旋转移动。 [0177] It should be noted that the inlet and outlet may be disposed at any position on the port housing 236 such that it does not interfere with the breathing circuit connection or pipe connection port 232 of the rotational movement.

[0178]在一个实施方式中,使用旋转机构来旋转呼吸回路连接端口232。 [0178] In one embodiment, the breathing circuit is connected to the rotating port 232 using a rotary mechanism. 在一个实施方式中,端口手动地旋转且摩擦配合。 In one embodiment, the port is manually rotated and a friction fit. 在一个实施方式中,端口是弹簧控制的,且如果没有以角度增量旋转则弹回至默认位置。 In one embodiment, the port is controlled by a spring, and if no incremental rotation angle of the spring back to the default position. 在一个实施方式中,圆柱端口壳体是径向密封的。 In one embodiment, the cylindrical housing is a radial seal port. 在一个实施方式中,常规的O型环被用于径向密封圆柱形端口壳体。 In one embodiment, a conventional O-ring is used for sealing a cylindrical port housing radially. 在一个实施方式中,径向密封使得呼吸回路连接端口与圆柱壳体共同旋转。 In one embodiment, the radial seal so that the breathing circuit connection port for common rotation with the cylindrical housing.

[0179]在一个实施方式中,旋转呼吸回路连接端口232关于轴线243在-15度至+15度范围内旋转,该轴线243与底部部分202b的平坦表面233正交(或垂直)且延伸穿过端口232的中间点,允许为通常用于麻醉应用中的呼吸回路过滤器留出完全空间。 [0179] In one embodiment, the breathing circuit connection port 232 rotating about an axis of rotation 243 in the range of -15 degrees to +15 degrees, which axis 243 and a bottom portion 202b of the flat surface 233 orthogonal (or perpendicular) and extends through intermediate point through port 232, allowing for the normal breathing of anesthesia loop filter completely leave the space. 在一个实施方式中,过滤器可选地用于吸入和呼出端口两者。 In one embodiment, the filter is optionally used for both inhalation and exhalation ports. 在一些情况下,与实际端口尺寸相比,可用的过滤器可以是大的。 In some cases, as compared with the actual port size, available filters can be large. 端口在相反的两角度方向上移动,从而产生的双方向移动范围可允许使用大的过滤器。 Port movement in the two opposite angular directions, thereby to produce the allowable moving range of both the use of large filters.

[0180] 这里应该注意,可预见任意角度范围可用于本发明的旋转呼吸回路端口。 [0180] It should be noted, predictable breathing circuit port at any angle of rotation can be used in the scope of the present invention. 选择-15度至+15度的范围以让患者回路管道从呼吸回路排出,同时避免管道中断(trapment)或夹紧情况。 Selected range of -15 degrees to +15 degrees to the patient breathing circuit is discharged from the coolant pipe, the pipe while avoiding interruption (trapment) or clamping conditions. 在一些情况下,取决于过滤器尺寸,使用较大角度可随着端口的旋转而引起过滤器被挤靠在呼吸回路的正面。 In some cases, depending on the filter size, the use of larger angles may be caused by the rotation of the filter port pushed against the front side of the breathing circuit. 再参考图2G,在默认配置中,旋转呼吸回路连接端口232被设置成使得呼吸管道连接出口238与CC202的正面204垂直。 Referring again to FIG. 2G, in the default configuration, the rotary breathing circuit connection port 232 is arranged such that the breathing conduit connecting the outlet 204 of the front 238 and the CC202 vertical.

[0181]图2M示出了旋转呼吸回路连接端口 232处于第二配置的实施方式,其中呼吸管连接出口238朝向临床中心(CC)202的右侧旋转。 [0181] FIG 2M illustrate an embodiment of rotary breathing circuit connection port 232 is in the second configuration, wherein the clinical center (CC) 238 toward the right side rotary breathing tube connected to the outlet 202. 因此,在一个实施方式中,呼吸回路连接端口关于穿过呼吸回路端口232的中心的竖直轴线朝向CC202的右侧旋转15度。 Thus, in one embodiment, the breathing circuit port on the right side of the vertical axis passing through the center of the breathing circuit port 232 toward CC202 15 degrees of rotation.

[0182]图2N是处于第三配置的旋转呼吸回路连接端口232的一个实施方式的示意图,其中将呼吸管连接出口238朝向临床中心(CC)202的左侧旋转。 [0182] FIG. 2N is a schematic view of the rotary breathing circuit in a third embodiment of a connection port configured embodiment 232, wherein the breathing tube 238 toward the Clinical Center (CC) connected to the outlet 202 of the left rotation. 因此,在一个实施方式中,呼吸回路连接端口关于穿过呼吸回路端口232的竖直轴线朝向CC202的左侧旋转15度。 Thus, in one embodiment, the breathing circuit connection port 15 degrees rotation about the vertical axis passing through the breathing circuit port 232 toward the left side of the CC202.

[0183]在多种实施方式中,旋转呼吸回路连接端口 232可在其移动范围内彼此独立地旋转。 [0183] In various embodiments, the rotation of the breathing circuit connection port 232 is rotatably independently of each other within the range of its movement. 在一个实施方式中,旋转呼吸回路连接端口232被设置成彼此间隔最小距离以避免在旋转中干扰。 In one embodiment, the rotation of the breathing circuit connection port 232 are arranged spaced from each other a minimum distance to avoid interference during rotation. 在一个实施方式中,该最小距离是大约120_。 In one embodiment, this minimum distance is about 120_.

[0184]在一个实施方式中,端口以角度增量旋转。 [0184] In one embodiment, the port at angular increments of rotation. 在一个实施方式中,端口以I度增量旋转。 In one embodiment, the rotation of the port to I-degree increments. 在一个实施方式中,端口壳体36的外直径范围从17-27mm。 In one embodiment, the outer diameter of the port housing 36 from a range of 17-27mm. 在一个实施方式中,端口壳体具有22mm的外直径。 In one embodiment, the port housing having an outer diameter of 22mm. 在一个实施方式中,端口壳体236的内直径为10-20mm的范围。 In one embodiment, the inner diameter of the port housing 236 is in the range of 10-20mm. 在一个实施方式中,端口壳体236具有15mm的内直径。 In one embodiment, the port housing 236 has an inner diameter of 15mm.

[0185]在一个实施方式中,可将呼吸回路连接端口232移除以进行清洁。 [0185] In one embodiment, the breathing circuit may be connected to port 232 to be removed for cleaning. 在一个实施方式中,各呼吸回路连接端口的顶表面或旋转盖234是半透明的。 In one embodiment, each of the breathing circuit connected to the top surface of the rotary cover 234 or port is translucent. 在一个实施方式中,呼吸回路连接端口包括呼吸回路止回阀,其可通过呼吸回路连接端口的半透明壳体观察。 In one embodiment, the breathing circuit port connected to a breathing circuit comprising a check valve, which can be observed translucent housing through the breathing circuit connection port. 在另一个实施方式中,呼吸回路连接端口的顶表面或旋转盖234是半透明的且还包括信息投影灯以在流体通过端口的时候进行指示,从而用户可观察呼吸回路止回阀的动作,如下文将详细地说明。 In another embodiment, the breathing circuit port connected to the top surface of the lid 234 is translucent or rotation and further includes information to the lamp through the fluid port when the instruction, so that the user can observe the operation of the breathing circuit of the check valve, as will be described in detail.

[0186]图3A是临床医生310站在本发明的麻醉系统300附近的示图。 [0186] FIG 3A is a clinician 310 standing anesthesia system of the invention illustrating the vicinity of 300. 因此,在该示图中,可观察到系统300相对于临床医生310的相对尺寸。 Thus, in this illustration, system 300 can be observed with respect to the relative size clinician 310. 图3B示出了临床医生310使用设置在系统300上的可扩展拉出架305。 FIG 3B shows a clinician 310 may be disposed on the extended pull-out racks 305 the system 300. 图3C示出了在完全折叠配置时,医生310坐在系统300的麻醉办公室(AO)部分304处。 FIG 3C shows the fully folded configuration 310 doctors office sitting anesthesia system 300 (AO) at portion 304.

[0187]图4A示出了根据本发明的实施方式设置在A0404中的侧存储402。 [0187] FIG 4A shows a side provided A0404 402 stored in accordance with embodiments of the present invention. 该侧存储402可由临床医生用来存储通常不适合放置在存储抽屉里的不规则形状和较长的物品。 The side of the memory 402 by the clinician are generally unsuitable for storage in a storage drawer is placed irregularly shaped articles, and longer. 图4B是A0404的侧存储门403在打开配置的示意图。 A0404 4B is a schematic view of the side of the memory gate 403 in an open configuration. 图4C是A0404的侧存储门403在关闭位置的示意图。 A0404 4C is a schematic side storage door 403 in the closed position.

[0188]图5A示出了根据本发明的实施方式的AO中的拉出架。 [0188] FIG. 5A illustrates a pull-out frame according to AO in the embodiment of the present invention. 拉/滑出架/托盘504和506被设置成不同的高度且可用于多种目的,例如放置计算机键盘。 Pull-in / out frame / pallet 504 and 506 are arranged at different heights and may be used for various purposes, for example, placing the computer keyboard. 此外,在图5A中还示出了至少一个可移动监护器屏幕或显示器507。 Further, in FIG. 5A also shows at least one movable monitor screen or display 507.

[0189]图5B示出了下拉出架506,当其从系统的AO拉出时,还示出了在拉出架上的键盘。 [0189] FIG 5B shows the lower frame 506 is pulled out, when it is pulled out from the AO system, also shows the pull-out keyboard shelf. 图5C示出了下拉出架506被装载在系统的AO中时处于隐藏配置的下拉出架506。 FIG. 5C shows the lower frame 506 is drawn out is in the concealed configuration is drawn in a rack 506 loaded in the AO system.

[0190]图5D示出了从系统的AO被拉出时的上拉出架504。 [0190] FIG. 5D shows the AO system from being pulled when the carrier 504 is pulled out. 在一个实施方式中,上拉出架可用作临床医生在站立时做笔记的书写桌。 In one embodiment, the pull-out shelf can be used as a clinician taking notes writing desk when standing. 图5E示出了上拉出架504处于装载或隐藏配置。 FIG 5E shows the carrier 504 is pulled out or stowed concealed configuration.

[0191]图6A示出了根据本发明的实施方式用于AO中的电连接的存储空间。 [0191] FIG 6A shows the memory space in accordance with embodiments of the present invention for the electrical connection of the AO. 在一个实施方式中,存储分类架608和610可用于存储诸如笔、笔记本、书写板、文档等等。 In one embodiment, the storage racks 608 and 610 may be classified for storage such as a pen, a notebook, tablets, documents, etc. 该电连接612和614可让临床医生用来连接其个人电子设备。 The electrical connection 612 and 614 allows the clinician to connect their personal electronic devices. 图6B是存储文件架608的另一个示意图。 FIG 6B is another schematic view of the storage shelf 608. 图6C是电连接区域615的一个实施方式的示意图,其可包括三插脚插座616,以太网端口617,和至少一个USB端口618。 6C is a schematic diagram of one embodiment of the electrical connection region 615, which may include a three prong socket 616, Ethernet port 617, and at least one USB port 618.

[0192]图7A示出了根据本发明的实施方式在AO中设置的手柄致动脚轮锁。 [0192] FIG 7A shows a caster lock actuation handle according to embodiments of the present invention is provided in the AO. 该基于手柄的锁702允许快速和较小地调节麻醉系统的位置。 The lock on the handle 702 and allows rapid adjustment of the smaller position of the anesthesia system. 图7B是基于手柄的锁702的另一个示意图。 7B is a schematic view of another lock handle 702 on.

[0193]图8示出了根据本发明的实施方式设置在CC802上的医用胶带分配器805。 [0193] FIG. 8 illustrates a medical tape dispenser 805 is provided on the CC802 according to an embodiment of the present invention. 图8还示出了生理监测器(在图1C中示出为132)参数连接832。 8 also shows a physiological monitor (shown as 132 in FIG. 1C) parameter 832 is connected.

[0194]如图9A中所示,在一个实施方式中,A0904包括系统状态计算机(SSC)905,其用于将信息传送至用户,该信息关于麻醉系统的气、电、软件(SW)和通信功能的状态。 [0194] As shown in FIG. 9A, in one embodiment, A0904 includes a state of the computer system (SSC) 905, for communicating information to the user, the information about the anesthesia system gas, electricity, software (SW), and state of the communication function. 该SSC905将与麻醉系统的技术状态相关的所有信息收集至一个小的显示器单元中。 SSC905 all the information related to the state of the art anesthesia system is collected in a small display unit.

[0195]这为用户提供麻醉系统的操作和功能信息从系统所提供的治疗相关的临床信息的直观分离(intuitive separat1n)。 [0195] This provides operational and functional information related to the anesthesia system from the treatment provided by the clinical information system for the user to intuitively separation (intuitive separat1n). 该SSC905从主临床显示器单元(未示出)分离功能,且提供技术测量从临床护理所直接使用的直观分离。 The SSC 905 (not shown) separated from the main clinical function display unit, and provides a technique for measuring the visual isolated from clinical care directly.

[0196]在多种实施方式中,SSC905提供的信息例如:管道气压,气瓶气压,AC电源状态,DC电源状态,备用电源(例如,电池)状态,软件版本,内部CPU序列号和修改版本,系统时间和日期,计时器和报警状态,单元操作时间,最后校验和状态等等。 [0196] In various embodiments, the information provided SSC905 example: pneumatic duct, pneumatic cylinders, AC power status, DC power and the standby power supply (e.g., battery) status, software version, serial number, and the internal CPU modified versions , system time and date, timer and alarm status, operation time unit, the final checksum status and the like. 该信息可转换为数字形式或经由填充条(fillbar)或者压力计的仿真而图形示出。 This information can be converted to a digital form or via a filler strip (fillbar) or simulation of the manometer shown graphically.

[0197]在一个实施方式中,即使在麻醉系统断电或从电源断开时,SSC905也保持通电,以显示其信息。 [0197] In one embodiment, even when the system is powered down or disconnected from anesthesia power, SSC 905 remains energized to display information. 这样,SSC905保持向用户持续准备提供所有数据,但特别是气瓶压力和管道压力而不需要启动麻醉系统的主要部分。 In this way, SSC905 remain ready to provide all users with continuous data, but especially cylinder pressure and the line pressure without the need to start the main part of the anesthesia system. 当麻醉系统的电源被断开以节省电能时,SSC905可以睡眠/休眠模式运行,且其显示器由单个用户触摸而开启。 When the power is turned off the anesthesia system to save power, SSC 905 may sleep / hibernate mode, and turned on its display touched by a single user. SSC905能够以电池电源操作,允许观察系统状态,即使系统没有连接至AC主电源。 SSC905 capable of operating on battery power, the system allows the observation of the state, even if the system is not connected to the AC mains supply. 现有技术系统使用混合的机械测量仪器和临床显示器单元上显示的测量,以将系统状态信息传递至用户。 The measurements show that the prior art systems using a hybrid of mechanical and clinical measuring instrument display unit to system status information is transmitted to the user. 在一个实施方式中,通过使用平坦的液晶显示器(IXD)技术,SSC905可被设置在AO的透明表面下方,例如平坦工作表面下方。 In one embodiment, the liquid crystal display by using a flat (IXD) technology, SSC 905 may be disposed under the transparent surface of the AO, the lower planar surface such as a work. 收集电子形式的所有相关系统信息排除了对机械测量仪器的需要,机械测量仪器占用麻醉系统的可用表面的较大空间。 All relevant system information collected in electronic form eliminates the need for a larger space for mechanical measuring instruments, mechanical measuring instruments occupy anesthesia system available surface. 在该AO中,通常用于常规系统中的机械测量仪器的空间被释放,且更好地用于存储或其它办公室类型功能。 In the AO usually space for mechanical measuring instruments conventional systems it is released, and the better or for storing other office type functions. 图9B提供了SSC905的示意图。 Figure 9B provides a schematic of SSC905.

[0198]信息投影灯 [0198] Information lamp

[0199]在本发明的一个实施方式中,提供与报警相关的系统区域直接光照,例如,麻醉系统的任何区域被怀疑正经历技术问题,从而明白地和直观地将用户的注意力引导至报警所反映的问题的可能源。 [0199] In one embodiment of the present invention, a system area is directly related to the warning light, for example, any regional anesthesia system is suspected of experiencing technical problems, thereby clearly and intuitively guide the user's attention to the alarm It may reflect the source of the problem. 因此,本发明的信息投影灯通过照亮麻醉系统的引起或将要引起反常/报警情况的部分而指示不正常的操作情况。 Thus, the lamp of the present invention is the information indicative of the abnormal operating conditions caused by partial or will cause abnormal / alarm condition illuminated anesthesia system.

[0200]例如,在麻醉系统中,由于“卡住(sticking)”止逆阀(止回阀)的情况,可出现不能为患者换气。 [0200] For example, in the anesthetic system, since the "stuck (sticking)" where the check valve (check) can not occur for the ventilation of the patient. 尽管报警信息指示可产生低的换气情况,本发明的直接灯照特征可引起红色闪烁光从止回阀区域发射出来,从而将用户的注意力引导至潜在的问题源。 While the alarm message may be generated indicating low ventilation, the characteristics of the invention according to the direct light can cause a red flashing light is emitted from the region out of the check valve, so that the user's attention directed to the source of potential problems. 在一个实施方式中,该光照可能实质上非常分散,使得整个止回阀圆顶照亮为红色或其它颜色。 In one embodiment, the light may be substantially very scattered, so that the entire valve dome illuminated red or other colors. 在多个实施方式中,如果系统的多于一个功能引起报警,则多个区域将闪烁光或者用户将被引导以顺序地对其进行逐步调试,如从最可能的至最不可能的。 In various embodiments, if more than one function of the system that caused the alarm, the blinking light or a plurality of regions will be directed to the user to step through them sequentially, as seen from most likely to least likely.

[0201]在一个实施方式中,使用信息投影灯来识别合适的连接和工作区域。 [0201] In one embodiment, the lamp information is used to identify a suitable connection and a work area. 例如,很多已知的麻醉系统使用“共同气体出口”(CGO)用于吸入目的。 For example, many known anesthesia systems use "common gas outlet" (CGO) for inhalation purposes. 这要求用户使用麻醉系统的控制装置来选择CGO作为共同气体的源。 This requires the user to use the control device to select CGO anesthesia system as a source gas together. 为了消除将患者连接至CGO而没有将其选择作为共同气体的源的错误,信息投影灯用于照亮涉及的端口和所连接的透明管。 In order to eliminate the connection to the patient to be selected without CGO as a common gas source error information relates to a lamp for illuminating the transparent tube and the port is connected. 在一个实施方式中,如图9B中所示,如果没有选择CGO,则端口910被照亮为第一种颜色,例如琥珀色;如果通过旋转端口本体至水平位置而选择CGO,则端口被照亮为第二种颜色,例如绿色,而回路系统915的端口被同时地照亮为第三种颜色,例如红色,表示其没有被使用。 In one embodiment, as shown in FIG. 9B, if CGO is not selected, the port 910 is illuminated as a first color, such as amber; if CGO is selected to a horizontal position by rotating the body port, the port is illuminated lit in a second color, such as green, and the port 915 of the loop system are simultaneously illuminated for the third color, such as red, which represents not being used.

[0202]现参考图1OA和1B,提供开关1002作为在端口向上旋转至水平位置时启动的可移动CGO的两位置手杆。 [0202] Referring now to FIGS. 1OA and 1B, a switch 1002 provided as a starter is rotated to a horizontal position up at the port two position of the movable hand lever of CGO. 如图1OA中所示,在第一位置,开关1002位于水平位置且致动CGO端口。 As shown in FIG 1OA, in a first position, the switch 1002 is in a horizontal position and the actuator port CGO. 第一位置优选地与系统的工作表面1004平行。 Preferably the work surface with a first position parallel to the system 1004. 如图1OB中所示,在第二位置,开关1002优选地处于竖直位置,且与系统的工作表面1004正交,并将可移动CGO停用。 As shown in FIG 1OB, in the second position, the switch 1002 is preferably in a vertical position, and is orthogonal to the working surfaces of the system 1004, and the movable CGO disabled. 图1OA和1B还示出了呼吸回路连接端口1008,如上文中参考图26、2!1、21、2 J和21(所说明的。 1OA and FIG 1B also shows the breathing circuit connection port 1008, as described above with reference to FIG 26,2! 1,21,2 J and 21 (explained.

[0203]在袋至换气孔区域(bag to vent area)相似地使用信息投影灯。 [0203] In other hole region (bag to vent area) information is used similarly to the lamp in the bag. 在一个实施方式中,当选择“换气孔”操作时,风箱本身可点亮为任何颜色,例如绿色。 In one embodiment, when selecting "vent hole" operation, the bellows itself may illuminate any color, such as green. 图1OA和1B示出了当启动换气时风箱1006点亮。 1OA and FIG. 1B shows that when starting lighting of ventilation bellows 1006. 类似地,APL阀和回路压力计以不同的灯光颜色照亮,例如当麻醉系统的呼吸机处于停止的关闭状态时为琥珀色。 Similarly, APL valves and pressure gauge circuits with different colors of light to illuminate, for example, when the ventilator anesthesia system in a closed state of the amber stop.

[0204]在一个实施方式中,使用信息投影灯以通过直接照明所控制的功能而指示多个控制的状态(例如,开/关或接合/脱离或启动/停用)。 [0204] In one embodiment, the lamp information used to control the functions indicated by direct illumination of a plurality of state control (e.g., on / off or engage / disengage or activate / deactivate). 例如,参考图1A,照亮袋153的臂以指示呼吸机停用/启动或者关/开状态;如果滤罐(caniSter)155从呼吸回路脱离和/或如果因呼吸气体中的高CO2而报警,则照亮CO2吸收滤罐155;如果因呼吸气监测器(容纳在图1C的生理监测器132中)的障碍而报警,则照亮侧流呼吸气监测器脱水器。 For example, referring to Figure 1A, the arm 153 is illuminated to indicate that the bag ventilator disable / enable or OFF / ON state; if the canister (caniSter) 155 departing from the breathing circuit and / or if the respiratory gas is CO2 and the high alarm , the CO2 absorption illuminating canister 155; if the respiratory gas monitor (132 housed in the physiological monitor of FIG. 1C) and an alarm obstacles, the illuminated side flow of respiratory gas monitors dehydrator. 在多种实施方式中,信息投影灯可用于根据呼吸机启动/停用状态、吸入开/关、辅助氧气开/关、二氧化碳旁路开/关等而指示蒸发器开/关、回路系统端口启用/停用。 In various embodiments, the information may be used for the lamp according to the ventilator startup / disabled state, the suction on / off the auxiliary oxygen on / off, carbon dioxide bypass on / off of the evaporator and the like indicating ON / OFF, loop system port enable / disable.

[0205]本领域普通技术人员应理解本发明的信息投影灯可根据用户需要/偏好而调节颜色,强度和/或闪光率。 [0205] ordinary skill in the art would understand the message lamp according to the present invention may adjust the color, intensity and / or flashing rate according to user needs / preferences.

[0206]因此,本发明提供了经由使用与报警相关的怀疑的问题区域的精细光照以明确的和直观的方式而确定麻醉系统中的问题区域的系统和方法。 [0206] Accordingly, the present invention provides a system and method by using fine light alarm associated with suspected problem areas in a clear and intuitive way to determine problem areas in the anesthesia system. 通过本发明,用户被直接引导至需要检查或修正的系统区域,且不会从患者的护理发生不必要的分心和转移关注。 By the present invention, the user is taken directly to the need to check or correct the system area, it does not occur and unnecessary distractions and focus away from a patient's care. 此外,受影响的系统区域的可视照亮将允许OR中的其他人员帮助诊断或识别问题。 Further, the affected area of ​​the visual illuminating system allows other OR personnel to help diagnose or identify the problem. 通过信息投射可视照明,可清楚地确认系统的可操作元件中哪些的功能被接合或断开,减少了潜在的临床错误。 Visual information is projected through the illumination, it can be clearly identified in the operative elements of the system which functions are engaged or disengaged, reducing the potential clinical errors.

[0207]用户界面报警灯 [0207] User interface warning lights

[0208]在一个实施方式中,本发明涉及提供用户界面报警灯特征的麻醉输送系统。 [0208] In one embodiment, the present invention relates to providing a user interface warning lamp features anesthesia delivery system. 该特征在麻醉系统的图形用户界面(GUI)上提供光带,以使用户能不仅快速地确定报警是否被启动,还快速地确定启动报警的优先等级。 This feature provides light in the anesthesia system with a graphical user interface (the GUI), to enable a user to quickly determine whether only the alarm is activated, start to quickly determine further priority alarm. 在一个实施方式中,还在GUI的顶部角落处向用户显示照亮的彩色光带,以将用户的注意引至报警情况。 In one embodiment, the top corners of the display of the GUI is also illuminated with colored light to a user, the user's attention to lead to an alarm condition. 此外,在一个实施方式中,照亮光带的颜色与报警情况的优先等级相关。 Further, in one embodiment, the color of the illuminating light alarm conditions associated with the priority level. 例如,可显示黄色照亮带以指示中间优先级报警,而红色照亮带可与高优先报警相关。 For example, the display can be illuminated with yellow to indicate a medium priority alarm, illuminates the red band can be associated with a high priority alarm. 因此,用户界面报警灯特征让用户可快速确定报警情况,且当诸如麻醉师等的用户距麻醉系统太远而不能读取报警信息时是特别有利的。 Thus, an alarm lamp wherein the user interface allows the user to quickly determine an alarm condition, such as when the user and the like from the anesthetist anesthesia alarm system too far away to read the information is particularly advantageous.

[0209]图1lA示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的示例性GUI屏幕。 [0209] FIG. 1lA shows an exemplary GUI screen according to an embodiment of the anesthesia system of the present invention. 在一个实施方式中,GUI屏幕1100包括在左上角落的报警块区域1110。 In one embodiment, GUI 1100 includes a screen area in the upper left corner of the alarm block 1110. 在其它实施方式中,报警块区域1110被设置在GUI1100的任何方便的位置处。 In other embodiments, the alarm block area 1110 is provided at any convenient location of GUI1100. 如图1lA中所示,报警块区域1110没有着色(看起来是黑色),表示没有报警情况,且因此没有显示报警信息。 As shown in FIG 1lA, the alarm block 1110 no coloration region (appears black), it indicates no alarm condition, and thus no alarm message is displayed.

[0210]图1lB示出了根据本发明的一个实施方式的麻醉系统的另一个示例性GUI屏幕。 [0210] FIG 1lB illustrates another exemplary GUI screen according to the embodiment of the anesthesia system according to one embodiment of the present invention. 如图1lB中所示,⑶I屏幕1114的报警块区域1112显示彩色(黄色)报警线,且报警信息显示“检查采样管线”。 As shown in FIG. 1lB, ⑶I alarm block area 1112 of the screen 1114 displaying a color (yellow) alarm level and alarm information "Check sample line." 在一个实施方式中,所显示的黄色报警线表示中间等级报警。 In one embodiment the yellow alarm level, the middle level shows where the police. 此外,在一个实施方式中,在预定的时间间隔之后显示的报警线变淡,而在另一实施方式中,该报警线以预定的时间间隔而间歇地显示。 Further, in one embodiment, after a predetermined alarm time interval display line fades, while in another embodiment, the alarm line displayed intermittently in a predetermined time interval. 在另一个实施方式中,报警线显示为实线,直到相应的报警情况过去或者用户采取了预定的动作。 In another embodiment, the alarm level is shown as a solid line, corresponding alarm until the past or the user to take a predetermined action. 还在图1lB中示出,横过屏幕1114的顶中间部分的是彩色报警条1115。 FIG 1lB also shown, the intermediate portion across the top of the screen 1114 is a color alarm bar 1115. 在一个实施方式中,报警条1115与报警块区域1112中的报警线的颜色(SP,黄色)匹配。 In one embodiment, the article 1115 match the color of the alarm the alarm line alarm block area 1112 (SP, yellow). 该报警条1115占据屏幕1114的较大区域,且比报警块1112的报警线更加突出地显示,从而有助于让看护者看见。 The alarm strip 1115 occupies a large area of ​​the screen 1114, and is displayed more prominently than the alarm line alarm block 1112, thereby contributing to allow the caregiver to see.

[0211]图1lC示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的另一个示例性的GUI系统。 [0211] FIG 1lC illustrates another exemplary GUI system according to an embodiment of the anesthesia system of the present invention. 如图1lC中所示,在⑶I屏幕1118的第一报警块区域1116(部分地显示)显示第一彩色(红色)报警线。 As shown in FIG 1lC, the (partially shown) in the first alarm ⑶I screen 1118. Display block 1116 a first color (red) alarm line. 在一个实施方式中,该显示的红色报警线与高优先级的报警情况相关。 In one embodiment, the red alarm line of the display associated with a high priority alarm condition. 图1lC还示出了在第二报警块区域1120中显示的第二彩色(黄色)报警。 FIG 1lC also shows a second color (yellow) alarm block displayed in the second area 1120 of the alarm. 在一个实施方式中,报警条1125的颜色与当前发生的最高优先级报警相关。 In one embodiment, the alarm color strip 1125 associated with the highest priority alarms currently occurring. 根据该实施方式,在图1lC中,由于高和中间优先级报警都启动,所以报警线是红色且与高优先级报警相关。 According to this embodiment, in FIG 1lC, since the intermediate and high priority alarms are activated, so that the alarm and the red line is associated with a high priority alarm. 在多个实施方式中,可在麻醉系统的GUI屏幕上同时地显示表示相同或不同报警优先级的多条报警线。 In various embodiments, can be simultaneously displayed on a GUI screen represents anesthesia system alarm priority same or different and a plurality of alarm lines.

[0212]从自动报警限度恢复 [0212] Recovery from the alarm limits

[0213]如本领域通常已知的,当使用采用报警的麻醉输送系统时,期望具有“自动限度”功能,其根据预定的算法自动地调节关于当前监测值的系统的报警限度。 [0213] As is generally known in the art, when using the alarm anesthesia delivery system having a desirable "Auto limits" feature, which automatically adjust alarm limits on the current system monitored values ​​according to a predetermined algorithm. 该功能通过将所有的报警迅速设置为合适的水平而消除对外科医生分别且冗余地将各报警参数的值调高和调低的需要。 This function eliminates the need for the surgeon to separately and increase the value of each of the redundant alarm parameters and down through all the alarms quickly set to an appropriate level. 因此,还期望具有“取消”或者“恢复”功能,从而将报警设置回至自动限度启动之前的状态,以用于在例如报警自动限度值被意外启动,临床医生不想保持该自动生成的限度,和/或临床医生期望手动地设置报警限度的情况。 Accordingly, also desirable to have a "Cancel" or "resume" feature, whereby the alarm back to the state before starting the automatic limit, for example automatically alarm limit value is accidentally activated, the clinician does not want to maintain the automatically generated limit, and / or clinician to manually set a desired alarm limit case.

[0214]本发明提供了结合至麻醉系统的“从自动限度恢复”的功能,其可以直觉和可预测的方式使用,从而与现有技术的麻醉系统相比增加了使用“自动限度”和“从自动限度恢复”的易用性。 [0214] The present invention provides a "from the automatic restoration limit" to combine the functions of anesthesia system, which can be intuitive and predictable manner, as compared with the prior art anesthesia system increases the "Auto limits" and " ease of recovery "from the automatic limits. 图12A示出了根据本发明的实施方式显示用于设置报警的多个图标的显示器屏幕1200。 FIG 12A shows an embodiment of the present invention for displaying a plurality of icons 1200 to set the alarm display screen. 如图所示,显示器屏幕1200显示用于独立地设置报警限度的图标,该报警限度与多个医疗功能相关,包括但不限于'压力(Plimit)'1202,'呼吸末C02(EtC02)'1204,和'呼吸暂停'1206。 , The display screen 1200 displayed in FIG alarm limits for independently setting icon, the alarm limit associated with a plurality of medical functions, including but not limited to 'pressure (Plimit)' 1202, 'end-tidal C02 (EtC02)' 1204 , and 'apnea' 1206. 该显示器屏幕1200还显示图标'自动设置限度'1208,用于自动地设置报警限度。 The display screen 1200 also displays an icon 'auto-set limits' 1208, to automatically set alarm limits. 通过点击图标1202、1204或1206,用户可设置各个参数的报警限度,以及通过点击'自动设置限度'图标1208,用户可使得多个预定参数自动调节。 1202, 1204, 1206, or by clicking the icon, the user can set alarm limits of each parameter, and by clicking on the 'auto-set limits' icon 1208, the user may be automatically adjusted so that the plurality of predetermined parameters.

[0215]图12B示出了根据本发明的实施方式的显示多个用于设置报警的图标的另一种显示器屏幕。 [0215] FIG 12B shows a display screen of the display of another embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of embodiments for setting the alarm icon. 一旦点击该'自动设置限度'图标1208,则自动地调节多个预定报警参数。 Once you click the 'auto-set limits' icon 1208, the alarm automatically adjusting the plurality of predetermined parameters. 在一个实施方式中,点击'自动设置限度'图标1208引起EtC02 1204参数的改变,其在图12A中示出为具有限度80至在图12B中示出为具有限度110。 In one embodiment, the click 'auto-set limits' icon 1208 causes EtC02 1204 changes the parameter, which is shown in FIG. 12A is a limit as shown in FIG. 80 to 12B as a limit to 110. 一旦点击'自动设置限度'图标1208,则显示取消图标1210。 Once you click 'auto-set limits' icon 1208 is displayed to cancel icon 1210. 用户可点击取消图标1210,以恢复至在点击“自动设置限度”图标1208之前存在的多个报警参数的值。 Users can click Cancel icon 1210, to recover to a value more alarm parameters exist before 1208 Click on "auto-set limits' icon. 在该功能以不期望的方式引起一个或多个报警参数改变的情况下,可由用户点击该取消图标1210以取消'自动设置限度'功能的效果。 In the case of this function in an undesirable manner due to the one or more alarm parameters altered by the user clicks on the Cancel icon 1210 to cancel the effect of 'auto-set limits' function. 由于不要求用户将一个或多个报警参数分别地调节至其初始值,所以该取消功能增加了'自动设置限度'功能的易用性。 Since the user is not required, one or more alarm parameters are adjusted to its initial value, so that the cancel function increases the ease of use 'auto-set limits' function. 用户可点击'自动设置限度'图标1208,以观察该调节的报警参数值,且在该值是不合需要的情况下可点击取消图标1210以容易地恢复至初始值。 The user can click on the 'auto-set limits' icon 1208, to observe the value of the adjusted alarm parameters, and may click the cancel icon 1210 in a case where the value is undesirable to be easily restored to the original value. 如果没有点击取消图标1210,则调节的报警参数值继续用作现有的报警限度。 If you do not click the cancel icon 1210, the adjustable alarm parameters continue to be used existing alarm limits. 一旦报警菜单退出,则取消图标1210被移除,且将来返回至报警菜单会显示与图12A相似的屏幕,而没有取消图标但将EtC02设置至11 OmmHg的值。 Once the alarm menu withdraw, cancel icon 1210 is removed, and the future return to the alarm menu displays a screen similar to Figure 12A, but it will not cancel icon EtC02 set to a value of 11 OmmHg.

[0216]图12C示出了根据本发明的实施方式的显示用于设置报警的多个图标的另一种显示器屏幕。 [0216] FIG 12C shows another display screen of the display a plurality of icons embodiment of the present invention for setting the alarm. 如图12C中所示,一旦点击取消图标1210,则通过点击'自动设置限度'图标1208调节的报警参数值恢复至其初始状态。 As shown in FIG. 12C, once the click the cancel icon 1210, the alarm by clicking on the parameter value 'auto-set limits' icon 1208 is adjusted to restore to its original state. 在一个实施方式中,点击取消图标1210使得EtC021204参数(如图12B中所示为110)恢复至其初始值80,如图12C中所示。 In one embodiment, the click Cancel icon 1210 that EtC021204 parameters (110 shown in FIG. 12B) returned to its initial value 80, as shown in FIG. 12C.

[0217]增强的流管可视化 [0217] Visualization enhancement of the flow tube

[0218]在常规的麻醉输送和换气系统中,流管通常用作简单的、清楚的和可靠的机械方法来保证装置的适当操作-通常在电子失效的情况下或者作为电子流动读取的交叉校验。 [0218] In a conventional ventilation and anesthesia delivery system, the flow tube is generally used as a simple, clear and reliable mechanical means to ensure proper operation of the device - typically read in the case of electron flow or as a failure of the electronic cross-check. 如图9B中所示,本发明可选地包括用作电子新鲜气流测量的备用的流管916的改进的可视化方法。 As shown in FIG. 9B, the present invention may optionally modified fresh air flow measuring electronic spare manifold 916 includes a visualization method used. 在申请日为2010年5月7日,受让于本发明的申请人,发明名称为“Light EnhancedFlow Tube”,申请号为12/775,719的美国专利申请中说明了示例性的流管,在此通过引用结合其全部内容。 Filed on May 7, 2010, assigned to the applicant of the present invention, entitled "Light EnhancedFlow Tube", Application No. 12 / 775,719 U.S. patent application illustrates an exemplary flow tube, in this incorporated by reference in its entirety.

[0219]无线近程传感器(wireless proximal sensor(s)) [0219] Wireless proximity sensor (wireless proximal sensor (s))

[0220]在一个实施方式中,本发明提供了用于近程设置的单个的小的传感器方案,而没有返回至麻醉系统的管或连接口。 [0220] In one embodiment, the present invention provides a scheme for small single proximity sensor is provided, it does not return to the anesthesia system pipes or connection port. 使用直接设置在气道的小传感器提供了最佳的流动和压力测量信号。 Use directly provide optimum flow and pressure measurement signal in small airway sensor. 用于无线传感器的该集成对接装置不仅提供充电和信号连接,且还提供用于传感器在各病例之间或没有使用时的物理存储位置。 The integrated docking device for a wireless sensor and not only provides a charging signal connections, and also provides physical storage locations or when a sensor is not used between the cases. 在一个实施方式中,本发明的麻醉系统提供了具有无线芯片组的能经受住压热器作用的流动传感器,包括CPU电源以执行无线功能、传感器采样和处理。 In one embodiment, the anesthesia system according to the present invention provides a flow sensor having a wireless chipset can withstand autoclave role, including CPU power to perform wireless function, sampling and processing the sensor.

[0221]在一个实施方式中,无线近程传感器提供在手术室环境中最远30英尺的可靠的通信。 [0221] In one embodiment, the wireless proximity sensors provide reliable communication up to 30 feet in the operating room environment. 在多种实施方式中,可使用无线技术,例如802.15.4(Zigbee的低水平IEEE标准),SynkroRF (由Free scale 开发),RF4CE( Industry Consortium),ANT和/或ANT+,蓝牙,低功率蓝牙等等。 In various embodiments, the wireless technology may be used, e.g. 802.15.4 (Zigbee standard is IEEE low), SynkroRF (developed by the Free scale), RF4CE (Industry Consortium), ANT, and / or ANT +, Bluetooth, low power Bluetooth and many more. 在多种实施方式中,无线近程传感器配合在基于电池的功率分配中,且其设计是忍受高湿度环境。 In various embodiments, the proximity sensor is fitted in the wireless cell based power allocation, and it is designed to tolerate a high humidity environment.

[0222]在一个实施方式中,使用具有以下特征的气道压力传感器: [0222] In one embodiment, the airway pressure sensor has the following characteristics:

[0223] ◦动态范围:-20至120cmH20 [0223] ◦ dynamic range: -20 to 120cmH20

[0224] ◦分辨率:0.0I CmH2O (计算为约14_位分辨率) [0224] ◦ Resolution: 0.0I CmH2O (calculated to be about 14_-bit resolution)

[0225] ◦带宽:60Hz(用于板载模拟和数字过滤) [0225] ◦ Bandwidth: 60Hz (the on-board analog and digital filtering)

[0226]〇输出(十取一(decimated))米样率:25OHz (4msec周期) [0226] square output (one out of ten (decimated)) m sample rate: 25OHz (4msec cycle)

[0227]在一个实施方式中,使用具有以下特征的不同的压力传感器: [0227] In one embodiment, the different pressure sensors used with the following characteristics:

[0228] ◦动态范围:±2.5cmH20 [0228] ◦ dynamic range: ± 2.5cmH20

[0229] ◦分辨率:0.0004cmH20(计算为约14-位分辨率) [0229] ◦ Resolution: 0.0004cmH20 (calculated to be about 14-bit resolution)

[0230] ◦带宽:60Hz(用于板载模拟和数字过滤) [0230] ◦ Bandwidth: 60Hz (the on-board analog and digital filtering)

[0231] ◦输出(十取一)采样率:250Hz(4msec周期) [0231] ◦ output (decimation) Sampling Rate: 250Hz (4msec cycle)

[0232]使用无线传感器要求检测合适信号的损耗,例如多于12至50msec的数据漏失,从而使得使用系统的内部传感器。 [0232] using the internal sensor detects loss of wireless sensors require appropriate signal, for example more than 12 to 50msec dropout data, so that the use of the system. 此外,无线电池监测预测信号损耗,并无缝地使用备用传感器系统。 Further, the wireless signal loss predicted battery monitoring, backup and work seamlessly with the sensor system. 本发明的麻醉系统通过新鲜气流传感器和驱动气流传感器设置有该备用装置。 The anesthesia system of the present invention is driven by the fresh gas flow sensor and the flow sensor is provided with a backup device. 这些传感器形成流动信息的冗余网络,用于对近程传感器进行误差检验和在无线近程传感器失效时继续换气输出。 These sensors form a redundant network flow information for error detection of the proximity sensor output and ventilation continued proximity wireless sensor failure.

[0233]在一个实施方式中,如图9C中所示,用于无线近程传感器921的内部“对接”站920被设置在麻醉系统中,提供了编码的数据通信通道以及用于为无线传感器电池再充电的电源。 [0233] In one embodiment, shown in FIG 9C, for wireless proximity sensor internal "docking" station 921 is provided in the anesthesia system 920, there is provided a communication channel and coded data for wireless sensor battery rechargeable power source. 该无线近程传感器仅在物理地位于对接装置中时形成至麻醉系统的通信连接。 The proximity wireless communication connection to the sensor is formed only when the anesthesia system in a docking device is physically located. 要求用户将传感器从对接装置920移除并将其设置在接近的气道中。 Requiring the user to remove the sensor and from the docking device 920 is provided near the airway. 在一个实施方式中,使用如上所述的信息投影灯提供了传感器通道启动的信息。 In one embodiment, the lamp using the information described above provides information on the sensor channel started.

[0234]在一个实施方式中,无线传感器被分为两部分,无线通信舱(pod)和连接至该无线通信舱的传感器舱。 [0234] In one embodiment, the wireless sensor is divided into two parts, the radio communication compartment (POD) and a connection to the wireless sensor communication tank compartment. 仅向麻醉系统提供通信的该无线通信舱被设置在对接装置中。 Providing communications to only the radio communication system anesthesia chamber is disposed in the docking device. 例如,在一个实施方式中,无线通信“舱”被连接至“空速管”类型的流动传感器。 For example, in one embodiment, the wireless communication "tank" is connected to "airspeed" type flow sensor.

[0235]非循环呼吸回路 [0235] Acyclic breathing circuit

[0236]在一个可选的实施方式中,本发明的麻醉系统提供了用于患者的非循环呼吸回路。 [0236] In an alternative embodiment, the anesthesia system according to the present invention provides acyclic breathing circuit for the patient. 大多数当前的麻醉系统采用“循环回路”,其包括CO2吸收剂,用于将一些量的呼吸气再回收,接着将其输送回患者。 Most current systems use anesthesia "circulation loop", which includes a CO2 absorber for some amount of breathing gas recycling, then conveyed back to the patient. 常规麻醉系统还通常使用“混合器”,其混合氧气、空气和氮气,之后作为“新鲜气体”引入循环回路。 Conventional anesthesia systems also typically use "mixer", the mixing of the oxygen, air and nitrogen, after as "fresh air" into the recycle loop.

[0237]图13A示出了常规循环呼吸回路的一些基本元件,指示在本发明的非循环呼吸回路中哪个主要元件被取消或者不需要。 [0237] FIG. 13A shows the basic elements of a conventional circulating breathing circuit, indicating which major elements need not be canceled or acyclic breathing circuit of the present invention. 在本发明所提供的非循环呼吸回路中取消了吸收器元件1302和风箱1304。 1302 canceled bellows element absorber acyclic breathing circuit 1304 provided in the present invention. 此外,用于图13A中所示的回路中的止回阀还被替换为主动阀门,例如在普通的流动阀控制I CU呼吸机中所使用的。 Further, the check valve for the circuit shown in FIG. 13A is an active valve is also replaced, for example, in the conventional flow control valve I CU ventilator used.

[0238]图13B示出了根据本发明的实施方式的非循环呼吸回路1300。 [0238] FIG 13B shows a non-cyclic breathing circuit 1300 according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图所示,经由吸入阀1308注入的新鲜气体与注入的制剂1312混合,输送至患者1310且接着经由呼出阀1314排出。 As illustrated, the mixed formulation through a suction valve 1312 1308 injecting fresh gas with the injected, and then delivered to the patient 1310 via the exhalation valve 1314 is discharged. 在一个实施方式中,新鲜气体可以是氧气或空气,因此仅要求用于进气的单个控制阀。 In one embodiment, the fresh gas may be oxygen or air, thus requiring only a single control valve for the intake air. 在另一个实施方式中,进气阀1308包括被设计成将氧气、空气和一氧化二氮直接混合进入回路的多个控制阀。 In another embodiment, the intake valve 1308 is designed to include oxygen, nitrous oxide and air mixture directly into the plurality of the control valve circuit. 在一个实施方式中,新鲜气体的源可以是高压管道或者气瓶供应,且吸气阀1308的功能可通过比例电磁阀完成,例如用于常规ICU呼吸机的那些。 In one embodiment, the source of fresh gas may be high-pressure supply conduit or cylinder, and the function of the intake valve 1308 may be completed by the proportional solenoid valve, such as those used in a conventional ICU ventilators. 可选地,可使用诸如室内空气或者氧浓缩器的低压新鲜气体源,且可通过使用涡轮或活塞装置来产生必要的患者回路压力而实现进气阀1308功能。 Alternatively, a low pressure fresh gas source, such as indoor air or oxygen concentrator, is achieved and the intake valve 1308 may function to generate the necessary pressure in the patient circuit through the use of a turbine or a piston device.

[0239]在一个实施方式中,由于非循环回路不使经由吸入阀提供气体被重呼吸,所以注入制剂装置1312使用气态麻醉制剂且被设计成将制剂的注入控制为仅被输送至患者的肺部的气体部分。 [0239] In one embodiment, since the non-circulating circuit without providing a gas to be re-breathing via a suction valve, the injection preparation apparatus 1312 using gaseous anesthetic agent and is designed to inject the formulation is controlled to only be delivered to the patient's lungs portion of the gas section. 在可选的实施方式中,该制剂按液体计量,且通过呼吸回路管1306的吸入部分的芯配置而蒸发进入气体流。 In alternative embodiments, the liquid formulation is metered, and is evaporated into the gas stream through the core portion of the breathing circuit configuration inhalation tube 1306.

[0240]使用非循环呼吸回路1300,可将麻醉气体的脉冲序列实时地注入患者的吸入流体流中。 [0240] acyclic breathing circuit 1300 may be a pulse sequence in real-time injection of anesthetic gas intake fluid stream of the patient. 该目标是将制剂的脉冲序列“调整相位”,从而要求的脉冲部分落在患者的肺部中,而无效区(dead-space)不接收制剂。 The goal is to "phase adjustment", thereby requiring a pulse falling portion of the pulse sequence of the formulation in the patient's lungs, and an invalid region (dead-space) does not receive the formulation. 根据本发明的实施方式,将制剂使用最小化的可选技术是形成麻醉气体脉冲,从而无效区不接收制剂。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the formulation will minimize the use alternative technique is the formation of anesthetic gas pulses to the inactive region does not receive the formulation. 通常地,无效区包括大约呼吸量的20%。 Typically, inactive area comprises about 20% of the amount of respiration. 在吸入的末端,无效区灌注有新鲜气体;将制剂的脉冲序列“调整相位”可有助于保证该结尾气体不含有麻醉制剂。 At the end of inhalation, inactive area perfused with fresh gas; preparation pulse sequence "phase adjustment" may help ensure that the end of the gas does not contain anesthetic agent.

[0241]此外,由于患者是躺下的,肺的后部分的大部分是被充满的而前部分较未被充满。 [0241] In addition, because the patient is lying down, mostly to be filled while the front portion of the rear portion of the lung than not full. 因此,脉冲1321的优选形状是方形的且朝向端部具有一锥度,如图13C中所示。 Thus, the shape of the pulse 1321 is preferably square and having a taper towards the end, as shown in FIG. 13C. 在一个实施方式中,使用气体监测器来帮助无效区和脉冲相位调整。 In one embodiment, the gas is used to help monitor and pulse phase adjustment ineffective region. 因此,可使用患者生成二氧化碳(VCO2)和呼吸末二氧化碳(EtCO2)的体积来确定约等于支气管内管(ETT)的容积的无效区。 Thus, the patient may be used to generate carbon dioxide (VCO2) and the volume of the end-tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) is determined invalid region is approximately equal to the tube (the ETT) endobronchial volume.

[0242]接着将制剂注入连接至吸入呼吸的输送,且制剂输送的端部被相位调节至投射至进入无效区的吸入气体的量。 End [0242] Next the formulation into respirable delivered to the suction connection, and the formulation is delivered to the phase adjustment to the projection amount of intake gas into the invalid region.

[0243]因此,由于诸如风箱、吸收器、可替换吸收滤罐、混合器和常规蒸发器都被省略,因此本发明的麻醉系统提供了比常规循环呼吸回路更低成本的非循环呼吸系统。 [0243] Thus, since such bellows, the absorber, the absorbent canister Alternatively, a conventional mixer and the evaporator are omitted, so the anesthesia system according to the present invention provides acyclic respiratory breathing circuit more than conventional cycle cost. 此外,通过使用本非循环呼吸回路1300,将碱石灰(或替代物)从环境废物流中移除,且不必须驱动气体(或其它形式能量),从而由于要求较少的能量来运行回路所以使得用于空气的摆动栗和氧浓缩器不是必要的。 Further, by using the present non-cyclic breathing circuit 1300, soda lime (or substitute for) the waste stream is removed from the environment, and do not have to drive a gas (or other form of energy), thereby requiring less energy to run the circuit since it Li and causes the swing oxygen concentrator for air is not necessary. 因为在本回路中,吸入气体总是清洁的,只要还考虑传染控制,该回路是最优的且易于维护,导致所有者的低成本。 Because in this circuit, the inhaled gas is always clean, also considered as long as infection control, this circuit is the best and easy to maintain, resulting in low cost owners. 此外,还观察到临床医生频繁地将循环回路的稀释效应混淆,从而求助于吸入气体控制(IGC)或排出气体控制(EGC)系统。 In addition, the clinician will also observed frequently confuse the dilution effect of the circulation loop to resort to the suction gas control (IGC) or exhaust gas control (the EGC) system. 由于没有稀释效应,因此本非循环呼吸回路1300自动提供IGC。 Since there is no dilution effect and therefore the present acyclic breathing circuit 1300 provided automatically IGC. 在一个实施方式中,可将吸入阀特征整个地以软件实现,且可实现比常规混合器所提供的高得多的流动。 In one embodiment, the intake valve may be characterized in entirely implemented in software, and can achieve much higher flow than conventional mixer provided.

[0244]旁路氧气控制和致动 [0244] Bypass oxygen control and actuation

[0245]如本领域已知的,具有电子混合控制的麻醉系统通常还包括紧急旁路阀系统,其在混合器失效的情况下使用户能设置氧气流动。 [0245] As is known in the art anesthesia system is typically an electronic mixing control valve system further includes emergency bypass, which in the case of the mixer so that the user can set the oxygen flow failure. 一些现有技术麻醉系统使用专用的针阀以提供旁路功能,而其它的使用专用机械气动开关,以打开旁路阀或者恢复至电子混合器控制。 Some prior art systems use a proprietary anesthesia needle valve to provide a bypass function, while others use a dedicated mechanical pneumatic switch, or to open the bypass valve to restore control to the electronic mixer.

[0246]在一个实施方式中,本发明涉及麻醉输送系统,其包括双位置按钮,该双位置按钮在第一位置与主动电子混合控制对应,且在第二位置与主动紧急旁路阀对应。 [0246] In one embodiment, the present invention relates to an anesthesia delivery system, which includes a two position button, the bis position and the button in a first position corresponding to the active electronic hybrid control, and in a second position corresponding to the active emergency bypass valve. 在第二位置,当紧急旁路阀启动而自电子混合器的流动中断时,双位置按钮“弹起”,且同时地与机械针阀接合。 In the second position, when the emergency bypass valve when the flow of electrons from the start and interruption mixer, two-position button "pop", and simultaneously engaged with a mechanical needle. 该双位置按钮提供单点氧气调节,其在麻醉系统的电子混合控制失效的情况下以及在用户不知道在麻醉系统中发生这种类型的失效的情况下使用户能快速调节氧气流。 The dual position adjustment button provides a single point of oxygen, and which enables the user in a case where the user does not know this type of failure occurs in the anesthesia system in the case of hybrid electronic control failure of the anesthesia system can quickly adjust the oxygen flow. 此夕卜,通过将双位置按钮推回至第一位置,麻醉系统的该电子混合控制再接合。 Bu this evening, the bis position button by the push-back to the first position, the electronic control system of the hybrid anesthesia rejoining. 本发明还在紧急旁路被启动时提供自旁路针阀的预设置的预定量的氧气流,使得在电子混合器控制失效的情况下自动地发生已知量的氧气流,而不要求任何用户交互作用。 The present invention also provides emergency bypass is activated when a predetermined amount of the pre-set oxygen flow from the bypass needle valve, so that a known amount of oxygen flow occurs automatically in the case of failure of the electronic control of the mixer, without requiring any user interaction.

[0247]图14A示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的旁路致动按钮1406的第一位置。 [0247] FIG. 14A shows a first position in accordance with the anesthesia system bypass embodiment of the present invention the actuation button 1406. 该麻醉系统包括气体控制按钮1402、1404和双位置旁路致动按钮1406。 The anesthetic gas control system includes a dual position buttons 1402, 1404 and 1406 bypassing the actuator button. 该按钮1402、1404和1406与电子编码器(未在图14A中示出)接合,且用于电子地控制在麻醉系统中的气流速度。 The buttons 1402, 1404 and 1406 with an electronic encoder (not shown in FIG. 14A) is engaged and for electronically controlled air flow velocity in the anesthetic system. 在麻醉系统中的气体流动图像地显示在电子屏幕1408上,且经过浮动球式流量计1410。 The gas flow in the anesthesia system the image displayed on the electronic screen 1408, and 1410 through the floating ball flowmeter. 如图14A中所示,旁路致动双位置按钮1406处于与麻醉系统的侧表面平齐的第一位置,表示接合麻醉系统的电子混合控制。 As shown in FIG. 14A, dual actuated bypass position button 1406 in a first position flush with the side surface of the anesthesia system, showing electronic hybrid control engagement anesthesia system.

[0248]图14B示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统的旁路致动按钮1406的第二位置。 [0248] FIG 14B shows a second position of the actuator button according to bypass the anesthesia system 1406 according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图14B中所示,旁路致动双位置按钮1406处于第二“弹出”致动位置,指示在麻醉系统中的启动的紧急氧气旁路功能。 As shown in FIG. 14B, the bypass actuation knob 1406 in a second dual position "pop" actuated position, the bypass function indicating start of the emergency oxygen system in the anesthesia. 在该启动位置,按钮1406与直接控制氧气流动的针阀(图14B中未示出)直接接合,旁路通过麻醉系统的电子混合器控制。 In this starting position, the button 1406 directly controls the flow of oxygen and a needle valve (not shown in FIG. 14B) is directly bonded, by bypassing the mixer control electronic anesthesia system.

[0249]图14C示出了根据本发明的实施方式的用户调节麻醉系统的旁路致动按钮1406。 [0249] FIG 14C shows a bypass regulating anesthesia system according to an embodiment of the present invention, a user of the actuation button 1406. 如图14C中所示,用户1412可通过根据图像地显示在电子屏幕1408上的氧气流而手动地调节旁路致动双位置按钮1406,从而调节麻醉系统中的氧气流。 As shown in FIG. 14C, the user 1412 may be manually adjusted by the bypass flow of oxygen according to the image displayed on the electronic screen 1408 dual actuated position button 1406, thereby adjusting the oxygen flow anesthesia system. 因此,本发明使用户能通过观察流动值的图像显示1408而调节旁路氧气流。 Accordingly, the present invention enables the user can observe the flow value image display 1408 to adjust the bypass flow of oxygen. 此外,浮动球式流量计1410还记录提供至患者的所有气流。 In addition, the floating ball flowmeter 1410 also logs all providing airflow to the patient.

[0250]图14D示出了根据本发明的实施方式,即使在麻醉系统处于“关闭”状态时该麻醉系统的启动旁路致动按钮1406。 [0250] FIG 14D shows an embodiment of the present invention, even when the startup bypass is in the "off" state in the anesthesia system anesthesia system actuation button 1406. 在一个实施方式中,即使当麻醉系统的电子设备处于模拟电子失效的状态时,旁路致动双位置按钮1406也保持在图14D中所示的启动状态且使得氧气的连续流动被输送至患者。 In one embodiment, the anesthesia system even when the electronic device is in a state of the analog electronic failure, dual actuated bypass position button 1406 is maintained in the start state illustrated in FIG. 14D and so that a continuous flow of oxygen is delivered to the patient . 在该情况下,通过观察在浮动球式流量计1410上的流值的表示,可手动地调节氧气的流动。 In this case, by observing a flow values ​​on a floating ball flowmeter 1410 may manually adjusting the flow of oxygen.

[0251] ACGO翻转选择器(flip-up selector) [0251] ACGO inversion selector (flip-up selector)

[0252]常规的麻醉系统通常装备有辅助共用气体出口(ACGO),其让混合的“新鲜气体流”(FGF)从循环系统被转移至外部回路,该外部回路通常是非再呼吸式麻醉系统。 [0252] Conventional anesthesia systems are usually equipped with auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO), which allow the mixing of "fresh gas flow" (an FGF) is transferred from the circulation system to the outside loop, the outer loop typically non-rebreathing anesthesia system. 在现有技术的麻醉系统中,该ACGO通常是水平22mm的端口,其经由设置在用户界面上的机械杆或者电子控制而启动。 In the prior art anesthesia system, the generally horizontal ACGO 22mm port, which is controlled via an electronic or mechanical lever is provided on the user interface is started. 现有技术的麻醉系统不提供对启动ACGO的清楚指示,从而在一些情况下对关于ACGO是否启动引起混淆,甚至引起ACGO被用户无意地启动。 Anesthesia prior art systems do not provide a clear indication of the start ACGO, so in some cases to cause confusion about whether ACGO start, and even cause ACGO being inadvertently activated.

[0253]在一个实施方式中,本发明涉及麻醉输送系统,其提供ACGO作为22mm端口,使得该端口本身可用于启动。 [0253] In one embodiment, the present invention relates to an anesthesia delivery system that provides ACGO as a 22mm port, so that the port can be used to initiate itself. 在一个实施方式中,通过将该端口向下旋转,使得该端口竖直地设置,且端口开口朝向地面且其平面与地面平行,从而关闭该ACG0。 In one embodiment, the downward rotation by the port, such that the ports are vertically disposed, and the port opening toward the surface and its plane parallel to the ground, thereby closing the ACG0. 该定位显著地降低了ACGO端口被用户错误地处理为新鲜气流的源的机会。 This positioning significantly reduces the chance of the source port is ACGO user mistakenly treated as a fresh gas flow. 在该位置,FGF被自动地引至系统的循环呼吸回路中的内部新鲜气体流动端口。 In this position, FGF is automatically directed to the breathing circuit circulation system fresh gas flow of an internal port. 该ACGO通过将端口向上旋转90度,使得端口水平地设置,且端口开口朝向用户且其平面与地面垂直,从而启动。 The ACGO port by rotation of 90 degrees upward, so that the port is horizontally disposed, and the port opening toward the user and which is perpendicular to the ground plane, thereby starting. 该定位让管连接至端口。 This positioning allows the tube is connected to the port. 在一个实施方式中,ACGO端口被设置为双稳定开关,其被向上或向下转动而分别对应启动或停用状态。 In one embodiment, the port is set to ACGO bistable switch which is turned up or down while the activated or deactivated state respectively. 该端口不能被设置在中间状态。 The port was provided at the intermediate state. 此外,在一个实施方式中,本发明的信息投射灯特征结合至AGCO端口,当端口向上且启动时将其以绿色脉冲灯照亮。 Further, in one embodiment, the projector lamp characteristic information of the present invention bind to AGCO port, when the port starts its upward and pulsed lamps illuminated in green.

[0254]图15A示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统1500的辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口1502。 [0254] FIG. 15A shows (ACGO) port 1502 The auxiliary common gas outlet anesthesia system according to the present embodiment of the invention, 1500. 图15B示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统1500的辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口1502的停用位置。 15B shows a deactivated position in accordance with the auxiliary common gas outlet anesthesia system according to the present embodiment of the invention 1500 (ACGO) 1502 port. 如图所示,该ACG01502在转动为竖直向下时处于停用状态。 As shown, the rotation is disabled ACG01502 downward vertically. 图15C示出了根据本发明的实施方式的麻醉系统1500的辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口1502的启动位置。 15C shows the starting position (ACGO) port 1502. The auxiliary common gas outlet anesthesia system according to the present embodiment of the invention, 1500. 如图15C中所示,该ACG01502在向上转动至水平位置时处于启动状态。 As shown in FIG. 15C, which is active when ACG01502 turned upwards to the horizontal position. 当该ACGO端口1502被启动时,来自麻醉系统1500的气体混合系统的新鲜气体从ACGO端口1502流出。 ACGO 1502 when the port is activated, fresh gas from the gas mixing system of the anesthesia system 1500 from the outflow port ACGO 1502.

[0255]图15D示出了根据本发明的实施方式的连接有呼吸回路的辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口的启动位置。 [0255] FIG 15D shows auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) start location of the port are connected to a breathing circuit according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图15D所示,当端口1502处于启动水平位置时,呼吸回路1504可连接至AGCO端口1502。 15D, when the level of the port 1502 in the start position, the breathing circuit 1504 may be connected to the port 1502 AGCO. 在一个实施方式中,该呼吸回路1504用于让手动换气患者(为了清楚没有示出袋)使用来自ACGO端口1502的新鲜气体流。 In one embodiment, the breathing circuit 1504 for letting the manually ventilated patient (not shown for clarity bag) from the fresh gas flow ACGO port 1502. 在一个实施方式中,处于启动向上水平位置的ACGO端口1502可支持51b呼吸回路的载荷。 In one embodiment, the horizontal position in the start up ACGO load port 1502 may support the breathing circuit 51b.

[0256]电子蒸发 [0256] Electronic evaporated

[0257]当前的麻醉蒸发器系统包括阀和/或灯芯式系统,用于将液体麻醉制剂转换为气体形式。 [0257] Current anesthetic vaporizer system includes a valve and / or wick-type system for the liquid anesthetic agent is converted to a gaseous form. 通常,这些系统提供的气体的制剂浓度水平为0-10% (对于Suprane尽管有时更高),该气体用作循环呼吸系统中的“新鲜气体”或“补偿”气体。 Typically, the gas concentration level formulation these systems provide 0-10% (for Suprane although sometimes higher), circulation of the gas in the respiratory system as "fresh air" or "compensation" gas. 当前的装置是复杂的,且要求精确的机械部件或流动控制系统进行操作,形成较高成本的装置。 Current devices are complex and require precise mechanical or flow control system is operating, means forming relatively high cost. 在受让给L ο ui sGibeck AB的专利号为6,155,255的美国专利中说明了新的蒸发器元件类型,其使用直接液体注射至低成本“灯芯式”配置。 Assigned to the L ο ui sGibeck AB Patent U.S. Patent No. 6,155,255 it is described in the new element type evaporator, which uses low-cost direct liquid injection to "wick" type configuration.

[0258]本发明提供了将与美国专利第6,155,255号中说明的相似的蒸发器元件结合至麻醉系统作为电子蒸发器进行实际使用的方法。 [0258] The present invention provides a method similar to the evaporator element will be described in U.S. Patent No. 6,155,255 is bound to the anesthesia system for practical use as an electronic evaporator. 在一个实施方式中,使用微压电栗来栗送待蒸发的液体。 In one embodiment, the use of a piezoelectric micro-Li Li to feed the liquid to be evaporated. 在将液体提供至蒸发器的供应管线中测量液体注射,并且使用反馈回路完成控制。 Liquid injection measured in the liquid supplied to the supply line of the evaporator, and using a feedback control loop is completed. 流入蒸发器(芯式)中的液体的测量和进入或排出蒸发器(区别为麻醉蒸气)的气体流的测量用于确定麻醉制剂的浓度。 Measuring gas flow flowing into the evaporator and into the measuring liquid (core type) or exits the evaporator (difference of anesthetic vapor) for determining the concentration of the anesthetic agent. 执行该步骤以替代或者结合在患者处的麻醉制剂浓度测量。 This step is performed in place of or in conjunction with concentration measurement at the patient's anesthetic formulation. 此外,可执行与通过蒸发器的气体流改变相结合的液体流的脉冲(即,增大或减小)。 In addition, liquid flow may perform pulse (i.e., increase or decrease) the gas flow is changed by combining the evaporator. 将蒸发器设置在非循环呼吸回路麻醉系统的主流动流中,例如在前面部分中所说明的。 The evaporator provided in the main flow stream acyclic breathing circuit anesthesia system, such as described in the previous sections. 控制流体流入蒸发器的控制单元连接至麻醉系统的显示器,将蒸发器子系统集成为本发明的较宽麻醉系统的部件。 The control unit controls the fluid flowing into the evaporator is connected to the display anesthesia system, the wider the evaporator subsystem components integrated anesthesia system of the present invention.

[0259]在一个实施方式中,将阀增加至已知的与美国专利第6,155,255号中说明的相似的电子蒸发器,且被控制以提供蒸发器的直接气体流旁路(immediate gas flow bypass)。 [0259] In one embodiment, the valve will increase to a known similar electronic evaporator and U.S. Patent No. 6,155,255 described, and is controlled to provide a direct flow of gas bypass the evaporator (immediate gas flow bypass). 这用于系统的氧气涌流(oxygen flush)或者用于将蒸发器立即关闭。 This system for surge oxygen (oxygen flush) or for the evaporator closes immediately. 该旁路的比例控制还可用于将增加的蒸气的量快速减少而不会完全地停止蒸气增加,如完全旁路的情况。 The ratio of bypass control may also be used to increase the amount of vapor decreases rapidly increases without completely stopping the steam, as in the case of completely bypassed. 此外,新鲜气体流(如,氧气)的组分可选择性地通过蒸发器,以获得麻醉制剂蒸气的一致摄取。 Moreover, fresh gas flow component (e.g., oxygen) may be selectively passed through the evaporator, to obtain a consistent uptake of anesthetic agent vapor. 在一个实施方式中,液体类型的制剂检测装置被增加至连接至液体麻醉的外部容器(液体麻醉从其中被栗送至蒸发器)的栗或者该容器本身,以确定麻醉类型。 In one embodiment, the liquid formulations of the type detecting means is added to a liquid container connected to an external anesthesia (from which the liquid anesthetic is supplied to the evaporator Li) of the container itself or Li, to determine the type of anesthesia. 此外,容器可包括多个储存器,通过栗控制单元控制每一个储存器的操作,从而允许多种麻醉制剂类型被提供在单个麻醉机器中。 Further, the container may comprise a plurality of reservoirs, by Li a control unit controls the operation of each reservoir, thus allowing various formulations to be provided in a single type of anesthetic anesthesia machine. 容纳麻醉制剂的储存器可被冷却以将麻醉制剂保持为液体形式以通过连接至蒸发器的栗的液体注射装置进行注射。 Receiving anesthetic agent reservoir may be cooled to the injection of anesthetic agent remains in liquid form through the liquid injection means Li are connected to the evaporator. 在多种实施方式中,使用多种保护和消除液体气穴装置。 In various embodiments, a variety of liquid and eliminating cavitation protection device. 该装置的示例包括:冷却一个或多个栗以防止在麻醉液体栗送经过系统时的气穴;将麻醉制剂储存器压至连接的栗以防止气穴;在栗或将储存器连接至栗的供应管中使用气穴检测装置;在供应管或栗中使用具体已知的设计特征以防止气穴;且,向供应管增加阻力,从而形成反压力以防止气穴。 Examples of the apparatus comprises: one or more cooling to prevent cavitation Li Li sent through the system when the liquid anesthetic; the anesthetic agent pressure reservoir connected to Li to prevent cavitation; Li in Li or connected to the reservoir tube supply means using cavitation detection; Li in the supply pipe or known specific design features to prevent cavitation; and, to increase the resistance to the supply pipe, thereby forming a counter-pressure to prevent cavitation.

[0260]在一个实施方式中,本发明允许根据新鲜气体流选择不同的蒸发器尺寸。 [0260] In one embodiment, the present invention allows the selection of different streams according to the size of the evaporator fresh gas. 例如,麻醉控制装置(例如按钮或开关)可根据使用的新鲜气流的量而选择高流动或低流动蒸发器。 For example, anesthesia control devices (such as buttons or switches) may be selected low flow or high flow evaporator according to the amount of fresh gas flow used. 此外,在麻醉制剂供应管中可使用开/关阀作为安全控制以立即停止向蒸发器的液体注射。 Furthermore, anesthetic agent in the supply pipe may be used in liquid injection on / off valve as a safety control to stop immediately to the evaporator. 在一个实施方式中,将传感器元件设置在患者气道以读取在不同的光波长患者吸入的气体的光学吸收,且在该点感应到的信号用于通过将蒸发器作为麻醉器的子系统而进行吸入气体控制或者呼出气体控制。 In one embodiment, the sensor element is disposed in a patient's airway to read the optical absorption at different wavelengths of light gas inspired by the patient, and at that point the signal is sensed by a subsystem as an anesthetic vaporizer's suction gas control to perform or control the exhalation gas. 此外,在一个实施方式中,使用串联的两个液体流动传感器从而以足够的精确度感应全范围的液体流动速度,其中一个液体流动传感器用于高流速而另一个用于低流速。 Further, in one embodiment, the use of two sensors connected in series fluid flow with sufficient accuracy so that the liquid flow velocity sensing full range, wherein a fluid flow sensor for high flow rates and one for low flow rates.

[0261]上述示例仅仅示出了本发明的系统的很多应用。 [0261] The examples are merely illustrates many applications of the present invention. 尽管这里仅说明了本发明的几个实施方式,然而应该理解本发明可实现为很多其它具体形式而不偏离本发明的实质和范围。 Although described here only a few embodiments of the present invention, although it should be understood that the present invention may be implemented in many other specific forms without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. 因此,本示例和实施方式被考虑为示例性的而不是限制性的,且可在所附权利要求的范围内对本发明进行修改。 Therefore, the present examples and embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the invention may be modified within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1.一种麻醉输送系统,包括: a)第一部分,其包括用于至少一个临床控制的壳体和用于向患者提供治疗的至少一个患者连接口,其中所述至少一个患者连接口包括呼吸回路连接口,呼吸回路连接口包括至少一个分支,其中该至少一个分支用于吸入或呼出或者其组合; b)第二部分,其包括用于支撑所述第一部分的底座部分,平坦工作空间表面,至少一个气动连接口和至少一个电连接口,其中所述第二部分通过吸入供应管线和至少一条麻醉气体供应管线而气动地连接至所述第一部分,且其中所述第一部分相对于所述第二部分可移动;和c)用户界面报警灯装置,其中光带被设置在所述麻醉系统的图形用户界面(GUI)上,以使用户能快速地确定报警是否启动以及启动报警的优先级,此外其中所述光带的位置和颜色确定所述报警的所述优先级, 所述麻醉输送系统还 An anesthesia delivery system, comprising: a) a first portion comprising at least one clinical control housing for providing therapy to a patient at least one patient connection port, wherein the connection port comprises at least one patient breathing circuit connector, connected to a breathing circuit comprising at least one branch opening, wherein the at least one branch for the inhalation or exhalation, or a combination thereof; b) a second portion comprising a base portion for supporting the first portion, the flat surface of the working space at least one pneumatic connection port and at least one electrical connector, wherein said second portion of said supply line by inhalation anesthetic and at least one gas supply line and said first portion is pneumatically connected to, and wherein said first portion with respect to the second movable portion; and c) a user interface warning lamp device in which an optical tape is provided on said anesthesia system graphical user interface (the GUI), to enable a user to quickly determine whether to start the alarm priority of alarms and startup and further wherein the position and color of the light band determining the priority of the alarm, said anesthesia delivery system further 括用户界面报警限度恢复装置,其中所述麻醉输送系统包括“自动限度”功能启动,其根据预定的算法自动地调节所述系统关于当前监测值的报警限度,其中所述恢复装置将报警和报警限度恢复为自动限度启动之前的状态。 The user interface includes alarm limits recovery means, wherein said anesthesia delivery system including the "Auto limits" function is activated, the system automatically adjusts the alarm limit on the current monitoring value according to a predetermined algorithm, wherein said recovery means to alarm and alarm limits restored to the state before the start of the automatic limits.
2.如权利要求1所述的麻醉输送系统,还包括紧急旁路阀系统,其在混合器失效的情况下使用户能设置氧气流,其中所述紧急旁路阀系统包括双位置按钮,双位置按钮在第一位置与启动电子混合控制相对应,且在第二位置与启动紧急旁路阀相对应,此外其中当所述双位置按钮被移动至所述第二位置时提供预定量的氧气流。 2. The anesthesia delivery system according to claim 1, further comprising emergency bypass valve system which enables a user to set the oxygen flow in case of failure of the mixer, wherein said emergency bypass valve system includes a two position button, bis position of the button in the first position and the hybrid electronic control start corresponds with the start and emergency bypass valve in a second position corresponding, further wherein a predetermined amount of oxygen when the button is moved dual position to the second position flow.
3.如权利要求1所述的麻醉输送系统,还包括自启动辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口。 The anesthesia delivery system as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a self-starting auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port.
4.如权利要求3所述的麻醉输送系统,其中所述辅助共用气体出口( ACGO)端口测量为外直径在17至27mm范围。 4. The anesthesia delivery system according to claim 3, wherein the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) measurement port 17 to an outer diameter of 27mm range.
5.如权利要求3所述的麻醉输送系统,其中所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口测量为内直径在10至20mm范围。 5. The anesthesia delivery system according to claim 3, wherein the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port inner diameter measured in the range of 10 to 20mm.
6.如权利要求3所述的麻醉输送系统,其中在所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口处于第一竖直、朝向下位置时所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口处于停用状态,而通过将所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口旋转至第二水平、朝向前位置而启动所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口。 6. The anesthesia delivery system according to claim 3, wherein the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port is in a first vertical, the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) towards the lower position when the port is disabled, and to activate the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) ports via the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port to a second level of rotation, toward the front position.
7.如权利要求6所述的麻醉输送系统,其中在所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口处于所述第二水平、朝向前位置时所述辅助共用气体出口(ACGO)端口被照亮。 7. The anesthesia delivery system according to claim 6, wherein the auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) port in said second level, said auxiliary common gas outlet (ACGO) when the port is illuminated toward the forward position.
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US13/329,186 2011-12-16
PCT/US2011/065676 WO2012128808A2 (en) 2010-12-17 2011-12-16 Integrated, extendable anesthesia system
US13/329,186 US20120180789A1 (en) 2010-10-16 2011-12-16 Integrated, Extendable Anesthesia System
US13/329,219 US20120180793A1 (en) 2010-12-17 2011-12-17 Dynamic Graphic Respiratory Communication System
US13/329,259 2011-12-17
US13/329,219 2011-12-17
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US13/329,259 US9022492B2 (en) 2010-12-17 2011-12-17 Sliding track and pivot mounting system for displays on anesthesia machines
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PCT/US2011/065678 WO2012083276A2 (en) 2010-12-17 2011-12-17 Dynamic graphic respiratory communication system
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