CN104064260A - Cable and train comprising the same - Google Patents

Cable and train comprising the same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104064260A
CN104064260A CN201310094926.7A CN201310094926A CN104064260A CN 104064260 A CN104064260 A CN 104064260A CN 201310094926 A CN201310094926 A CN 201310094926A CN 104064260 A CN104064260 A CN 104064260A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cable
sleeve
data
core
overcoat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310094926.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶俊来
谢汉宜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Gloomy Co Of Nike
Nexans SA
Original Assignee
Gloomy Co Of Nike
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Gloomy Co Of Nike filed Critical Gloomy Co Of Nike
Priority to CN201310094926.7A priority Critical patent/CN104064260A/en
Publication of CN104064260A publication Critical patent/CN104064260A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a cable (1) and a train comprising the same. The cable comprises the components of: one or more data wire cores (22-24) for transmitting data; an inner sleeve (41) which surrounds the one or more data wire cores and is made of an elastic polymer; an outer sleeve (43) which is arranged outside the inner sleeve and is made of crosslinked silicon rubber; and a mechanical reinforcing layer (42) which is arranged between the inner sleeve and the outer sleeve.

Description

Cable and comprise the train of described cable
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cable, especially a kind of jumper cable (jumper cable) being connected between railway car, and comprise the train of this kind of cable.
Background technology
In train, especially high ferro train field, between each compartment of train, be connected with jumper cable, for example, to transmit data (comprising control signal, network data etc.) and conduct power additionally also sometimes between each compartment, for the equipment in compartment.Therefore, this jumper cable is a kind of integrated form cable that combines control cables, data cable and power cable.The typical structure of this cable comprises the one or more data core for transmitting data, and surrounds the overcoat of described one or more core.Alternatively, this cable also can comprise the electric power core for conduct power.
Because relative motion and vibration can occur in each compartment in train driving process, so correspondingly, the above-mentioned jumper cable being connected between each compartment becomes a kind of moving component, and experience bends frequently, stretches and vibrates for a long time.In addition, above-mentioned jumper cable is also usually exposed in severe external environment condition, is easy to suffer extraneous damage.Particularly, above-mentioned jumper cable is installed in the bottom between each compartment, thus the rail bed of close rail; Like this, train is easy to pick up the sandstone on rail bed and sandstone is flown to bump against on described jumper cable and makes cable jacket cracking, breakage in the process of running at high speed, and/or impacts and damage thus the core of cable inside, affects thus the normal function of cable.Therefore,, in order to ensure the normal work of compartment and equipment thereof, described jumper cable need to have special high-performance and high security.Particularly, described jumper cable need to have good mechanical performance, electric property, fire and heat endurance performance, anti-chemical performance, weather-resistant property etc., also should there is good flexibility and dynamic fatigue, especially, described jumper cable wants to resist the invasion and attack of the sandstone flying up from rail bed.
But the performance of existing jumper cable defence slungshot infringement is not good, flexible and dynamic fatigue deficiency, thermal endurance, weather-resistant property and anti-chemical performance are also poor, and the mechanical performance such as resistance to wear and tear resistance is not high yet, thereby useful life is short.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to solve above-mentioned one or more problems of the prior art, and a kind of jumper cable with good anti-slungshot performance, flexibility, dynamic fatigue, heat resistance, anti-chemical performance, weather-resistant property, resistance to wear and tear resistance is provided.
Above-mentioned purpose can be realized by cable according to the present invention, and this cable comprises: for transmitting one or more data core of data; Surround inner sleeve described one or more data core, that made by elastomeric polymer; She Ge is at overcoat outside, that be made up of the silicon rubber that being cross-linked of described inner sleeve; He the mechanical reinforced layer of She Ge between described inner sleeve and overcoat.
Advantageously, described mechanical reinforced layer can be weaving textile layer, for example, and netted polyamide braid.
Advantageously, described elastomeric polymer can be polyurethanes and/or the ethylene octane copolymer of fire-retardant low smoke, zero halogen.
According to the favourable configuration of one, described silicon rubber is the fire-retardant low smoke, zero halogen silicon rubber based on polysiloxane polymer.
Described data core can comprise the conductor of tape insulation layer and surround the insulating sleeve of described conductor.Wherein, described at least one, the conductor of data core can be with the described insulating barrier of being made up of thermoplastic, and described thermoplastic is for example polyethylene.
Advantageously, described cable also can comprise by described inner sleeve surround and with described one or more data core row establish Ge, for the electric power core of conduct power.
According to the favourable configuration of another kind, described cable also can comprise the outer shielding layer of establishing Ge in the inner side of described inner sleeve and surrounding described one or more data core.
Advantageously, the gross thickness of described overcoat, mechanical reinforced layer and inner sleeve can be more than or equal to 4mm.
According to the favourable configuration of another kind, the thickness of described overcoat can be more than or equal to 2.3mm, and the thickness of described inner sleeve can be more than or equal to 1.3mm, and the thickness of described mechanical reinforced layer can be 0.1mm.
The present invention also provides a kind of train that comprises multiple compartments and cable as above, and wherein said cable is connected between described multiple compartment as jumper cable.
Cable according to the present invention can have good anti-slungshot performance, flexibility (can realize very little minimum bending radius), dynamic fatigue (can stand shuttling movement quite repeatedly), heat resistance, anti-chemical performance, weather-resistant property, resistance to wear and tear resistance etc. due to the external structure that comprises overcoat, inner sleeve and mechanical reinforced layer of its particular design, can withstand frequently bend, stretch and vibrate in effectively resist the infringement of harsh environment, thereby transmit reliably data and electric power.
Brief description of the drawings
The accompanying drawing comprising in this manual and form this specification part illustrates illustrative embodiments of the present invention, and is used from and explains principle of the present invention with illustration one, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is according to the sectional elevation of an embodiment of cable of the present invention.
Embodiment
The cutaway view of Fig. 1 shows according to the section structure of an embodiment of cable 1 of the present invention.Cable 1 comprises for example, one or more data core 22-24 for transmitting data (comprising control signal, network data etc.), establishes the electric power core 3 for conduct power of Ge and surround the external structure 41-43 of described data core and electric power core with described data core row, also can comprise and establishes Ge in the inner side of described external structure and surround the outer shielding layer 5 of all cores and be filled in the filler 6 between each core.Described data core comprises the conductor of tape insulation layer and surrounds the insulating sleeve of described conductor, also can comprise and establish the screen of Ge between conductor and insulating sleeve.In order to realize high performance data transmission, the insulating barrier of the conductor of described data core can be made up of thermoplastic (as polyethylene).The insulating sleeve of described data core can by low smoke and zero halogen material as EVA(be ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer) make.In the present embodiment, described data core can comprise that twin-core conductor thread core 22(has two kinds of different sectional dimensions), four-core conductor thread core 23 and six core conductor cores 24.But obviously, the invention is not restricted to this, but also can adopt according to application scenario and requirement the data core of any other appropriate format well known in the art, size and quantity.As can be seen here, cable according to the present invention is (for example to combine data cable, be used in the WTB(articulated train bus on high ferro train) and MVB(multifunction vehicle bus) data cable), the integrated form cable of control cables and power cable, can be used for various data and the electric power such as delivery network data, control signal.In addition, the electric power core that also can optionally inquire after the health of one's parents slightly wherein according to cable of the present invention forms as simple data cable.
There is particular design according to the described external structure of cable of the present invention, it comprises the inner sleeve 41 She Ge that are made up of the elastomeric polymer overcoat 43 outside, that be made up of the silicon rubber that being cross-linked in inner sleeve 41, with the mechanical reinforced layer 42 of She Ge between inner sleeve 41 and overcoat 43.Preferably, overcoat 43 is overcoats of being made up of the fire-retardant low smoke, zero halogen silicon rubber based on polysiloxane polymer.Main component is the performance that this silicon rubber of polysiloxane polymer has a series of excellences after being cross-linked, especially can stand for a long time to bend frequently, stretch and vibrate and effectively resist the infringement of harsh environment, thereby make cable can there are good flexibility (can realize very little minimum bending radius), dynamic fatigue (can stand up to for example shuttling movement of 500,000 times), heat resistance, anti-chemical performance, weather-resistant property, resistance to wear and tear resistance etc.The thickness of overcoat 43 can be roughly 2/3rds of external structure gross thickness.The elastomeric polymer that forms inner sleeve 41 is preferably the elastomer of fire-retardant low smoke, zero halogen, especially high strength elastic body (for example, polyurethanes and/or ethylene octane copolymer), additional protection except overcoat 43 can be upwards provided for cable in the footpath of cable like this, for example further cushion the impact of slungshot to internal core, also can make cable there is higher hot strength, resistance to wear and tear resistance.The thickness of inner sleeve 41 can be roughly 1/3rd of external structure gross thickness.Machinery reinforced layer 42 can be for example weaving textile layer, especially makes (as polyamide braid) with high-intensity Halogen material, and can advantageously be netted, and its thickness is compared much smaller with overcoat 43 with inner sleeve 41.For example, in the cable that is about 36mm at a kind of according to an embodiment of the invention external diameter, the gross thickness of overcoat 43, mechanical reinforced layer 42 and inner sleeve 41 is about 4.5mm, the wherein approximately thick 3mm of overcoat 43, the approximately thick 1.5mm of inner sleeve 41, and the approximately thick 0.1mm of mechanical reinforced layer 42.Machinery reinforced layer 42 can absorptions in the longitudinal a part of pulling force of cable to reduce the stress in cable, can prevent or slow down thus cable issuable cracking, breakage etc. after being subject to slungshot and clashing into.Machinery reinforced layer 42 can also reduce cable because of the impaired risk of distortion.The above-mentioned inner sleeve of , She Ge and mechanical reinforced layer especially contribute to improve the anti-slungshot performance of cable compared with only including the existing cable of overcoat.
Owing to thering is above-mentioned good performance, be especially suitable for being connected to according to cable of the present invention between each compartment of train to transmit data and electric power.But, other occasion or the field that obviously also can be applicable to transmit data and/or electric power and require cable can stand for a long time bending, stretch and/or vibrate and effectively resist the infringement (as slungshot invasion and attack) of harsh environment according to cable of the present invention.
For a person skilled in the art, do not departing from the scope of the present invention or spirit in the situation that, can make various modifications and variations to embodiment disclosed above.According to this specification and disclosed herein to practice of the present invention, other embodiments of the invention are apparent to those skilled in the art.It is exemplary that this specification and disclosed execution mode thereof should be considered to, and true scope of the present invention is limited by claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (13)

1. a cable (1), this cable comprises: for transmitting one or more data core (22-24) of data; Surround inner sleeve described one or more data core, that made by elastomeric polymer (41); Be arranged on the overcoat (43) outside, that made by the silicon rubber being cross-linked of described inner sleeve; And be arranged on the mechanical reinforced layer (42) between described inner sleeve and overcoat.
2. cable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described mechanical reinforced layer (42) is weaving textile layer.
3. cable according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described weaving textile layer is netted polyamide braid.
4. cable according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described elastomeric polymer is polyurethanes and/or the ethylene octane copolymer of fire-retardant low smoke, zero halogen.
5. according to the cable described in any one in claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, described silicon rubber is the fire-retardant low smoke, zero halogen silicon rubber based on polysiloxane polymer.
6. according to the cable described in any one in claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, described data core (22-24) comprises the conductor of tape insulation layer and surrounds the insulating sleeve of described conductor.
7. cable according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described at least one, the conductor of data core is with the described insulating barrier of being made up of thermoplastic.
8. cable according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described thermoplastic is polyethylene.
9. according to the cable described in any one in claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, also comprise by described inner sleeve (41) surround and with described one or more data core (22-24) parallel that arrange, for the electric power core (3) of conduct power.
10. according to the cable described in any one in claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, also comprise the outer shielding layer (5) that is arranged on the inner side of described inner sleeve (41) and surrounds described one or more data core (22-24).
11. according to the cable described in any one in claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, the gross thickness of described overcoat (43), mechanical reinforced layer (42) and inner sleeve (41) is more than or equal to 4mm.
12. cables according to claim 11, is characterized in that, the thickness of described overcoat (43) is more than or equal to 2.3mm, and the thickness of described inner sleeve (41) is more than or equal to 1.3mm, and the thickness of described mechanical reinforced layer (42) is 0.1mm.
13. 1 kinds of trains, comprise multiple compartments and according to the cable described in any one in claim 1 to 12 (1), wherein said cable is connected between described multiple compartment as jumper cable.
CN201310094926.7A 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 Cable and train comprising the same Pending CN104064260A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310094926.7A CN104064260A (en) 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 Cable and train comprising the same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310094926.7A CN104064260A (en) 2013-03-22 2013-03-22 Cable and train comprising the same

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104064260A true CN104064260A (en) 2014-09-24

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107254175A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-10-17 沧州会友线缆股份有限公司 A kind of improved low-smoke halogen-free cable gum cover and preparation method thereof
CN109895795A (en) * 2019-03-15 2019-06-18 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Rail vehicle pipeline arragement construction and rail vehicle with it

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0169276A1 (en) * 1983-02-01 1986-01-29 SHINKO KOSEN KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA also known as SHINKO WIRE CO. LTD. Method for covering cables with sheaths for corrosion protection and/or aesthetic reasons
CN2924732Y (en) * 2006-06-05 2007-07-18 南京全信传输科技有限公司 Filmcovered insulated high-temperature line composed of polyimide and modified PTFE
CN201331940Y (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-10-21 安徽新亚特电缆集团有限公司 Anti-interference integrated reel cable
CN101740161A (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-06-16 上海电缆研究所 Novel electric cable reinforced core and preparation method thereof
CN201725605U (en) * 2009-12-25 2011-01-26 江西电缆有限责任公司 Warp resistant flexible cable for 1.8/3kV wind power generation

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0169276A1 (en) * 1983-02-01 1986-01-29 SHINKO KOSEN KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA also known as SHINKO WIRE CO. LTD. Method for covering cables with sheaths for corrosion protection and/or aesthetic reasons
CN2924732Y (en) * 2006-06-05 2007-07-18 南京全信传输科技有限公司 Filmcovered insulated high-temperature line composed of polyimide and modified PTFE
CN201331940Y (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-10-21 安徽新亚特电缆集团有限公司 Anti-interference integrated reel cable
CN201725605U (en) * 2009-12-25 2011-01-26 江西电缆有限责任公司 Warp resistant flexible cable for 1.8/3kV wind power generation
CN101740161A (en) * 2009-12-29 2010-06-16 上海电缆研究所 Novel electric cable reinforced core and preparation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107254175A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-10-17 沧州会友线缆股份有限公司 A kind of improved low-smoke halogen-free cable gum cover and preparation method thereof
CN109895795A (en) * 2019-03-15 2019-06-18 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Rail vehicle pipeline arragement construction and rail vehicle with it

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Application publication date: 20140924