CN104015102B - A kind of cutter copying apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of cutter copying apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104015102B
CN104015102B CN201410297758.6A CN201410297758A CN104015102B CN 104015102 B CN104015102 B CN 104015102B CN 201410297758 A CN201410297758 A CN 201410297758A CN 104015102 B CN104015102 B CN 104015102B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pattern
groove
cutter
rack
post
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201410297758.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104015102A (en
Inventor
王尧尧
许自镍
管越峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Joe diamond cutter Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
张哲夫
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201410297758.6A priority Critical patent/CN104015102B/en
Publication of CN104015102A publication Critical patent/CN104015102A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104015102B publication Critical patent/CN104015102B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q35/00Control systems or devices for copying directly from a pattern or a master model; Devices for use in copying manually
    • B23Q35/04Control systems or devices for copying directly from a pattern or a master model; Devices for use in copying manually using a feeler or the like travelling along the outline of the pattern, model or drawing; Feelers, patterns, or models therefor
    • B23Q35/42Patterns; Masters models

Abstract

nullA kind of cutter copying apparatus,Including cutter (1) and pattern post (2),Wherein,Pattern post (2) is as general as cylinder,The two ends of described cylinder are respectively upper plug head (27) and lower end cap (28),It it is middle pattern portion between upper plug head (27) and lower end cap (28),Described middle pattern portion is evenly distributed with the pattern groove (21 of four longitudinal directions in circumferential direction、22、23、24),Described pattern groove engages with the engagement end portion (11) of cutter (1),In the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions at least one for backhaul groove (22),The pattern profile of described backhaul groove (22) is plane,Remaining pattern groove in the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions is curved surface groove,For described cutter (1) is carried out amount of feeding control,And the quantity of described curved surface groove is a plurality of,The curve form of curved surface groove is different.

Description

A kind of cutter copying apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to pattern field, be specially a kind of cutter copying apparatus.
Background technology
For some contouring machines, its pattern is the most fixing, and cutter is walked along pattern, thus processes the shape of needs.
But, these lathes are difficult to the workpiece that longitudinal size is the biggest.In order to process long dimension workpiece on lathe, in some lathe, cutter is transfixion on the longitudinal direction of processing, and workpiece does lengthwise movement.Cutter only does the transverse movement of direction of feed.But the pattern of this lathe needs reciprocating pattern.
But, the shape of workpiece is often processed and is impacted by the reciprocating motion of pattern.
It addition, processing when, owing to workpiece is possible to need different shape at longitudinally;And the total length of pattern is limited, if the shape of longitudinally be all embodied on pattern, the size of pattern certainly will be increased, increasing occupation of land and the cost of lathe.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, it is an object of the invention to design a kind of copying apparatus, it can be in the case of not affecting work pieces process shape, it is achieved to the contour machining in the longitudinal length of workpiece, and can according to circumstances convert contour shape, and does not increase the length dimension of pattern.And, pattern backhaul when, the shape of processing workpiece will not be impacted.
One aspect of the present invention is:
A kind of cutter copying apparatus, including cutter and pattern post, wherein, pattern post is as general as cylinder, the two ends of described cylinder are respectively upper plug head and lower end cap, it it is middle pattern portion between upper plug head and lower end cap, described middle pattern portion is evenly distributed with the pattern groove of four longitudinal directions in circumferential direction, described pattern groove engages with the engagement end portion of cutter, in the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions at least one for backhaul groove, the pattern profile of described backhaul groove is plane, remaining pattern groove in the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions is curved surface groove, for described cutter is carried out amount of feeding control, and the quantity of described curved surface groove is a plurality of, the curve form of curved surface groove is different;
Described pattern post is provided with the upper die change groove of circumference between middle pattern portion and upper plug head, is provided with the lower die change groove of circumference between middle pattern portion and lower end cap, and described die change groove converts between the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions for cutter;
Described cutter copying apparatus also includes pattern post longitudinal driving mechanism, described pattern post longitudinal driving mechanism includes rack member and geared parts, the centre of described rack member is provided with longitudinal T-shaped groove, the opening of described T-shaped groove is positioned at left surface middle part, the both sides of described left surface are provided with rack structure, and the opening of described T-shaped groove is between described rack structure;Described T-shaped groove is for coordinating with the motion guide to described rack member with T-rail, and described geared parts engages with described rack structure, so that described rack member is moved under the guiding of described T-shaped groove in a longitudinal direction;
The upper plug head of described pattern post couples with motor power, and the lower end cap of described pattern post is connected with parts of bearings, and described parts of bearings is fixing with the lower end of the right flank of described rack member to be connected;The upper end of the right flank of described rack member is also provided integrally with transverse arm, and described motor is fixedly installed on described transverse arm;When the engagement end portion of described cutter is in described die change groove, described motor can drive described pattern post to circumferentially rotate relative to described rack member when rotating;
In use, described rack member is under the drive of described geared parts, it is possible to drive described pattern post relative to described cutter lengthwise movement, until the engagement end portion of described cutter engages with described die change groove;When described pattern post needs make drawback movement or need to change pattern groove, described motor can drive described pattern post to circumferentially rotate, so that the pattern groove needed is directed at the engagement end portion of cutter.
By such scheme, owing to have employed special backhaul groove, this backhaul groove be shaped as plane, thus without cutter being formed the change of the amount of feeding, therefore the machining shape of workpiece will not be impacted backhaul when.And multiple curved grooves are integrated on a pattern post, it is possible to as required, by control pattern post motion, and realize on the length direction of workpiece difformity require meet.Lengthwise movement and circular motion, compact conformation it is integrated with, it is possible to realize the two dimensional motion of pattern post on whole device;And, the centre of rack structure has T-slot, it is possible to being driven pattern post when, meets and guides stable requirement, meanwhile, is capable of again the circumferentially fixed of rack structure.Fixed by the two ends of transverse arm and bearing so that pattern post is firmly kept.And by the setting of two die change grooves, it is possible to stably realize the cutter stable die change on pattern post.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the cutter copying apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section in the A-A direction of the pattern post of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic cross-section in the B-B direction of the pattern post of Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1-3, the present invention is described in detail.
Cutter copying apparatus, including cutter 1 and pattern post 2, wherein, pattern post 2 is as general as cylinder, the two ends of described cylinder are respectively upper plug head 27 and lower end cap 28, it it is middle pattern portion between upper plug head 27 and lower end cap 28, described middle pattern portion is evenly distributed with the pattern groove (21 of four longitudinal directions in circumferential direction, 22, 23, 24), described pattern groove engages with the engagement end portion 11 of cutter 1, in the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions at least one for backhaul groove 22, the pattern profile of described backhaul groove 22 is plane, remaining pattern groove in the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions is curved surface groove, for described cutter 1 is carried out amount of feeding control, and the quantity of described curved surface groove is a plurality of, the curve form of curved surface groove is different;
Described pattern post 2 is provided with the upper die change groove 26 of circumference between middle pattern portion and upper plug head 27, being provided with the lower die change groove 25 of circumference between middle pattern portion and lower end cap 28, described die change groove 25,26 converts between the pattern groove (21,22,23,24) of described four longitudinal directions for cutter 1;
Described cutter copying apparatus also includes pattern post longitudinal driving mechanism, described pattern post longitudinal driving mechanism includes rack member 5 and geared parts 7, the centre of described rack member 5 is provided with longitudinal T-shaped groove 52, the opening of described T-shaped groove 52 is positioned at left surface middle part, the both sides of described left surface are provided with rack structure 53, and the opening of described T-shaped groove 52 is between described rack structure 53;Described T-shaped groove 52 is for coordinating with the motion guide to described rack member 5 with T-rail, and described geared parts 7 engages with described rack structure 53, so that described rack member 5 is moved under the guiding of described T-shaped groove 52 in a longitudinal direction;
The upper plug head 27 of described pattern post 2 couples with motor 3 power, and the lower end cap 28 of described pattern post 2 is connected with parts of bearings 4, and described parts of bearings 4 is fixing with the lower end of the right flank of described rack member 5 to be connected;The upper end of the right flank of described rack member 5 is also provided integrally with transverse arm 51, and described motor 3 is fixedly installed on described transverse arm 51;When the engagement end portion 11 of described cutter 1 is in described die change groove 25,26, described motor 3 can drive described pattern post 2 to circumferentially rotate relative to described rack member 5 when rotating;
In use, described rack member 5 is under the drive of described geared parts 7, it is possible to drive described pattern post 2 relative to the lengthwise movement of described cutter 1, until the engagement end portion 11 of described cutter 1 engages with described die change groove 25,26;When described pattern post 2 needs make drawback movement or need to change pattern groove, described motor 3 can drive described pattern post 2 to circumferentially rotate, so that the pattern groove needed is directed at the engagement end portion 11 of cutter 1.
Wherein, described geared parts 7 is driven by gear motor.
Wherein, alternatively, in the pattern groove (21,22,23,24) of described four longitudinal directions, two is backhaul groove, and two is curved surface groove, and backhaul groove and curved surface groove interval are arranged.
Wherein, alternatively, in the pattern groove (21,22,23,24) of described four longitudinal directions, one is backhaul groove, and three is curved surface groove.

Claims (1)

1. a cutter copying apparatus, including cutter (1) and pattern post (2), wherein, pattern post (2) is cylindrical, the two ends of described cylinder are respectively upper plug head (27) and lower end cap (28), it it is middle pattern portion between upper plug head (27) and lower end cap (28), described middle pattern portion is evenly distributed with the pattern groove (21 of four longitudinal directions in circumferential direction, 22, 23, 24), described pattern groove engages with the engagement end portion (11) of cutter (1), the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions has one for backhaul groove (22), the pattern profile of described backhaul groove (22) is plane, three pattern grooves in the pattern groove of described four longitudinal directions are curved surface groove, for described cutter (1) is carried out amount of feeding control, the curve form of curved surface groove is different;
Described pattern post (2) is provided with the upper die change groove (26) of circumference between middle pattern portion and upper plug head (27), being provided with the lower die change groove (25) of circumference between middle pattern portion and lower end cap (28), described upper and lower die change groove (25,26) converts between the pattern groove (21,22,23,24) of described four longitudinal directions for cutter (1);
Described cutter copying apparatus also includes pattern post longitudinal driving mechanism, described pattern post longitudinal driving mechanism includes rack member (5) and geared parts (7), the centre of described rack member (5) is provided with longitudinal T-shaped groove (52), the opening of described T-shaped groove (52) is positioned at left surface middle part, the both sides of described left surface are provided with rack structure (53), and the opening of described T-shaped groove (52) is positioned between described rack structure (53);Described T-shaped groove (52) is for coordinating with the motion guide to described rack member (5) with T-rail, described geared parts (7) engages with described rack structure (53), so that described rack member (5) is moved under the guiding of described T-shaped groove (52) in a longitudinal direction;
The upper plug head (27) of described pattern post (2) couples with motor (3) power, and the lower end cap (28) of described pattern post (2) is connected with parts of bearings (4), and described parts of bearings (4) is fixing with the lower end of the right flank of described rack member (5) to be connected;The upper end of the right flank of described rack member (5) is also provided integrally with transverse arm (51), and described motor (3) is fixedly installed on described transverse arm (51);When the engagement end portion (11) of described cutter (1) is in described upper and lower die change groove (25,26), described motor (3) can drive described pattern post (2) to circumferentially rotate relative to described rack member (5) when rotating;
In use, described rack member (5) is under the drive of described geared parts (7), can drive described pattern post (2) relative to described cutter (1) lengthwise movement, until the engagement end portion (11) of described cutter (1) engages with described upper and lower die change groove (25,26);When described pattern post (2) needs make drawback movement or need to change pattern groove, described motor (3) can drive described pattern post (2) to circumferentially rotate, so that the pattern groove needed is directed at the engagement end portion (11) of cutter (1), wherein, described geared parts (7) is driven by gear motor.
CN201410297758.6A 2014-06-29 2014-06-29 A kind of cutter copying apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN104015102B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410297758.6A CN104015102B (en) 2014-06-29 2014-06-29 A kind of cutter copying apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410297758.6A CN104015102B (en) 2014-06-29 2014-06-29 A kind of cutter copying apparatus

Publications (2)

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CN104015102A CN104015102A (en) 2014-09-03
CN104015102B true CN104015102B (en) 2016-08-24

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105127841A (en) * 2015-08-26 2015-12-09 长治市永华机械有限公司 Pulley type template baffle

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2267493B1 (en) * 1974-04-11 1976-12-17 Essilor Int
CN202225025U (en) * 2011-06-13 2012-05-23 邵阳纺织机械有限责任公司 Combined profiling device for machining screws
CN202240723U (en) * 2011-08-10 2012-05-30 东莞锦弘精密机械有限公司 Modeled-profile processing mechanism
CN202367545U (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-08-08 北京星航机电设备厂 Lathe angle profiling device
CN102974897B (en) * 2012-11-20 2014-08-20 宝鸡虢西磨棱机厂 Numerical control gear chamfering machine
CN202943333U (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-05-22 宝鸡虢西磨棱机厂 Gear chamfering head
CN203901017U (en) * 2014-06-29 2014-10-29 王尧尧 Cutting tool profile modeling device

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Address after: Hangzhou City, Zhejiang province 310008 Xiasha Higher Education Park of Hangzhou Dianzi University School of automation level 012

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Address before: 362261 Fujian city of Quanzhou province Jinjiang Anhai Hou Lin Cun Hou Lin Xu North Road No. 21

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Address after: The streets of Haicheng Dai Gang Lu Longwan District of Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province, No. 15 325055

Applicant after: Zhang Zhefu

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Address after: 518000 Guangdong Guangming New District of Shenzhen city streets Gongming yulv village Jade Spring Road No. 18-1 building, first floor of C District

Patentee after: Shenzhen Joe diamond cutter Co., Ltd.

Address before: The streets of Haicheng Dai Gang Lu Longwan District of Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province, No. 15 325055

Patentee before: Zhang Zhefu

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
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