CN103972421A - Organic light-emitting device and production method thereof - Google Patents

Organic light-emitting device and production method thereof Download PDF

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CN103972421A
CN103972421A CN201310039199.4A CN201310039199A CN103972421A CN 103972421 A CN103972421 A CN 103972421A CN 201310039199 A CN201310039199 A CN 201310039199A CN 103972421 A CN103972421 A CN 103972421A
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described
layer
evaporation
doped layer
material
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CN201310039199.4A
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周明杰
王平
黄辉
陈吉星
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海洋王照明科技股份有限公司
深圳市海洋王照明技术有限公司
深圳市海洋王照明工程有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/0032Selection of organic semiconducting materials, e.g. organic light sensitive or organic light emitting materials
    • H01L51/0077Coordination compounds, e.g. porphyrin
    • H01L51/0078Phthalocyanine
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/50Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for light emission, e.g. organic light emitting diodes [OLED] or polymer light emitting devices [PLED];
    • H01L51/5012Electroluminescent [EL] layer
    • H01L51/5036Multi-colour light emission, e.g. colour tuning, polymer blend, stack of electroluminescent layers
    • H01L51/504Stack of electroluminescent layers
    • H01L51/5044Stack of electroluminescent layers with spacer layers between the emissive layers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/50Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for light emission, e.g. organic light emitting diodes [OLED] or polymer light emitting devices [PLED];
    • H01L51/5048Carrier transporting layer
    • H01L51/5056Hole transporting layer
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/50Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for light emission, e.g. organic light emitting diodes [OLED] or polymer light emitting devices [PLED];
    • H01L51/5048Carrier transporting layer
    • H01L51/5072Electron transporting layer
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/50Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for light emission, e.g. organic light emitting diodes [OLED] or polymer light emitting devices [PLED];
    • H01L51/5088Carrier injection layer
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/50Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for light emission, e.g. organic light emitting diodes [OLED] or polymer light emitting devices [PLED];
    • H01L51/5088Carrier injection layer
    • H01L51/5092Electron injection layer

Abstract

The invention provides an organic light-emitting device. The organic light-emitting device comprises an anode, a hole injection layer, a first hole transport layer, a first light-emitting layer, a first electron transport layer, a charge generation layer, a second hole transport layer, a second light-emitting layer, a second electron transport layer, an electron injection layer and a cathode which are laminated sequentially. The charge generation layer comprises a first doped layer laminated on the surface of the first electron transport layer and a second doped layer formed on the surface of the first doped layer. The first doped layer is made of materials including metal and cesium salt doped in the metal, and a mass ratio between the cesium salt and the metal in the first doped layer is 1:20-3:10. The second doped layer is made of materials including metal oxides and phthalocyanine compounds doped in the metal oxides, and a mass ratio between the phthalocyanine compounds and the metal oxides is 1:20-1:2. The organic light-emitting device is high in light emitting efficiency. The invention further provides a production method of the organic light-emitting device.

Description

Organic electroluminescence device and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of organic electroluminescence device and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

The principle of luminosity of organic electroluminescence device is based under the effect of extra electric field, and electronics is injected into organic lowest unocccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) from negative electrode, and hole is injected into organic highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) from anode.Electronics and hole meet at luminescent layer, compound, form exciton, exciton moves under electric field action, and energy is passed to luminescent material, and excitation electron is from ground state transition to excitation state, excited energy, by Radiation-induced deactivation, produces photon, discharges luminous energy.But the luminous efficiency of organic electroluminescence device is lower at present.

Summary of the invention

Based on this, be necessary to provide organic electroluminescence device that a kind of luminous efficiency is higher and preparation method thereof.

A kind of organic electroluminescence device, comprise the anode, hole injection layer, the first hole transmission layer, the first luminescent layer, the first electron transfer layer, charge generation layer, the second hole transmission layer, the second luminescent layer, the second electron transfer layer, electron injecting layer and the negative electrode that stack gradually, described charge generation layer comprises the second doped layer that is laminated in first doped layer on described the first electron transfer layer surface and is formed at described the first doped layer surface; The material of described the first doped layer comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in described metal, described metal is selected from least one in calcium, magnesium, ytterbium and strontium, described cesium salt is selected from least one in cesium carbonate, cesium fluoride and nitrine caesium, and described in described the first doped layer, the mass ratio of cesium salt and described metal is 1:20 ~ 3:10; The material of described the second doped layer comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in described metal oxide, described metal oxide is selected from least one in molybdenum trioxide, tungstic acid and vanadic oxide, described phthalocyanine compound is selected from least one in CuPc, Phthalocyanine Zinc and magnesium phthalocyanine, and described in described the second doped layer, the mass ratio of phthalocyanine compound and described metal oxide is 1:20 ~ 1:2.

In an embodiment, the thickness of described the first doped layer is 2nm ~ 20nm therein, and the thickness of described the second doped layer is 10nm ~ 40nm.

Therein in an embodiment, the material of described the first luminescent layer and described the second luminescent layer is selected from 4-(dintrile methyl)-2-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyl Lip river of a specified duration pyridine-9-vinyl)-4H-pyrans, 9,10-bis--β-naphthylene anthracene, 4, two (the 9-ethyl-3-carbazole vinyl)-1 of 4'-, at least one in 1'-biphenyl and oxine aluminium.

Therein in an embodiment, the material of described the first hole transmission layer and described the second hole transmission layer is selected from 1,1-bis-[4-[N, N '-bis-(p-tolyl) amino] phenyl] cyclohexane, 4,4', 4 " tri-(carbazole-9-yl) triphenylamine and N, N '-(1-naphthyl)-N; N '-diphenyl-4, at least one in 4 '-benzidine.

In an embodiment, the material of described the first electron transfer layer and described the second electron transfer layer is selected from 4,7-diphenyl-1 therein, 10-phenanthroline, 1,2, at least one in 4-triazole derivative and N-aryl benzimidazole.

A preparation method for organic electroluminescence device, comprises the following steps:

Prepare hole injection layer, the first hole transmission layer, the first luminescent layer and the first electron transfer layer at anode surface successively evaporation;

Prepare the first doped layer at described the first electron transfer layer surface evaporation, the material of described the first doped layer comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in described metal, described metal is selected from least one in calcium, magnesium, ytterbium and strontium, described cesium salt is selected from least one in cesium carbonate, cesium fluoride and nitrine caesium, described in described the first doped layer, the mass ratio of cesium salt and described metal is 1:20 ~ 3:10, described metal and described cesium salt evaporate respectively in two evaporation boats, and evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, the evaporation speed of described metal is 1nm/s ~ 10nm/s, and the evaporation speed of described cesium salt is 0.1nm/s ~ 1nm/s;

Prepare the second doped layer at described the first doped layer surface evaporation, the material of described the second doped layer comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in described metal oxide, described metal oxide is selected from molybdenum trioxide, at least one in tungstic acid and vanadic oxide, described phthalocyanine compound is selected from CuPc, at least one in Phthalocyanine Zinc and magnesium phthalocyanine, described in described the second doped layer, the mass ratio of phthalocyanine compound and described metal oxide is 1:20 ~ 1:2, described metal oxide and described phthalocyanine compound evaporate respectively in two evaporation boats, evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, the evaporation speed of described metal oxide is 1nm/s ~ 10nm/s, and the evaporation speed of described phthalocyanine compound is 1nm/s ~ 10nm/s, and

Form the second hole transmission layer, the second luminescent layer, the second electron transfer layer, electron injecting layer and negative electrode on the second doped layer surface successively evaporation.

Therein in an embodiment, the material of described the first luminescent layer and described the second luminescent layer is selected from 4-(dintrile methyl)-2-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyl Lip river of a specified duration pyridine-9-vinyl)-4H-pyrans, 9,10-bis--β-naphthylene anthracene, 4, two (the 9-ethyl-3-carbazole vinyl)-1 of 4'-, at least one in 1'-biphenyl and oxine aluminium.

Therein in an embodiment, the material of described the first hole transmission layer and described the second hole transmission layer is selected from 1,1-bis-[4-[N, N '-bis-(p-tolyl) amino] phenyl] cyclohexane, 4,4', 4 " tri-(carbazole-9-yl) triphenylamine and N, N '-(1-naphthyl)-N; N '-diphenyl-4, at least one in 4 '-benzidine.

In an embodiment, the thickness of described the first doped layer is 2nm ~ 20nm therein, and the thickness of described the second doped layer is 10nm ~ 40nm.

Therein in an embodiment, before described anode surface forms hole injection layer, first antianode carries out pre-treatment, pre-treatment comprises: anode is carried out to photoetching treatment, be cut into needed size, adopt liquid detergent, deionized water, acetone, ethanol, the each Ultrasonic Cleaning 15min of isopropyl acetone, to remove the organic pollution of anode surface.

Above-mentioned organic electroluminescence device and preparation method thereof, charge generation layer is made up of the first doped layer and the second doped layer, the material of the first doped layer comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in metal, metal-doped cesium salt can form n doped layer, improve the transmission rate of electronics, increase conductivity and light transmission rate simultaneously, low workfunction metal can reduce the potential barrier of lumo energy and doped layer, improve injection efficiency, the material of the second doped layer comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in metal oxide, metal oxide is bipolarity metal oxide, phthalocyanine compound is a kind of polycrystalline structure, can make rete crystallization, lattice after crystallization can carry out scattering to light, change light path, make the light scattering of both sides get back to Road, the final luminous efficiency that improves organic electroluminescence device, organic electroluminescence device has two luminescence units simultaneously, thereby has current density and luminous efficiency at double.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the organic electroluminescence device of an execution mode;

Fig. 2 is the preparation method's of the organic electroluminescence device of an execution mode flow chart;

Fig. 3 is current density and the current efficiency graph of a relation of the organic electroluminescence device prepared of embodiment 1.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, organic electroluminescence device and preparation method thereof is further illustrated.

Refer to Fig. 1, the organic electroluminescence device 100 of an execution mode comprises the anode 10, hole injection layer 20, the first hole transmission layer 32, the first luminescent layer 34, the first electron transfer layer 36, charge generation layer 40, the second hole transmission layer 52, the second luminescent layer 54, the second electron transfer layer 56, electron injecting layer 60 and the negative electrode 70 that stack gradually.

Anode 10 is indium tin oxide glass (ITO), aluminium zinc oxide glass (AZO) or indium-zinc oxide glass (IZO), is preferably ITO.

Hole injection layer 20 is formed at anode 10 surfaces.The material of hole injection layer 20 is selected from molybdenum trioxide (MoO 3), tungstic acid (WO 3) and vanadic oxide (V 2o 5) at least one, be preferably V 2o 5.The thickness of hole injection layer 20 is 20nm ~ 80nm, is preferably 30nm.

The first hole transmission layer 32 is formed at the surface of hole injection layer 20.The material of the first hole transmission layer 32 is selected from 1,1-bis-[4-[N, N '-bis-(p-tolyl) amino] phenyl] cyclohexane (TAPC), 4,4', 4 " tri-(carbazole-9-yl) triphenylamine (TCTA) and N, N '-(1-naphthyl)-N, N '-diphenyl-4; at least one in 4 '-benzidine (NPB), is preferably NPB.The thickness of the first hole transmission layer 32 is 20nm ~ 60nm, is preferably 35nm.

The first luminescent layer 34 is formed at the surface of the first hole transmission layer 32.The material of the first luminescent layer 34 is selected from 4-(dintrile methyl)-2-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyl Lip river of a specified duration pyridine-9-vinyl)-4H-pyrans (DCJTB), 9,10-bis--β-naphthylene anthracene (ADN), 4, two (the 9-ethyl-3-carbazole vinyl)-1 of 4'-, 1'-biphenyl (BCzVBi) and 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum (Alq 3) at least one, be preferably Alq 3.The thickness of luminescent layer 40 is 5nm ~ 40nm, is preferably 15nm.

The first electron transfer layer 36 is formed at the surface of the first luminescent layer 32.The material of the first electron transfer layer 36 is selected from 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen), 1,2, and at least one in 4-triazole derivative (as TAZ) and N-aryl benzimidazole (TPBI), is preferably TAZ.The thickness of the first electron transfer layer 36 is 40nm ~ 200nm, is preferably 150nm.

Charge generation layer 40 is formed at the surface of the first electron transfer layer 36.Described charge generation layer 40 comprises the second doped layer 44 that is laminated in first doped layer 42 on the first electron transfer layer 36 surfaces and is formed at the first doped layer 42 surfaces.

The material of the first doped layer 42 comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in metal.Metal is that work function is-metal of 2.0V ~ 3.5eV, and preferred, metal is selected from least one in calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), ytterbium (Yb) and strontium (Sr).Cesium salt is selected from cesium carbonate (Cs 2cO 3), cesium fluoride (CsF) and nitrine caesium (CsN 3) at least one.The mass ratio of cesium salt and metal is 1:20 ~ 3:10.The thickness of the first doped layer 42 is 2nm ~ 20nm.

The material of the second doped layer 44 comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in metal oxide.Metal oxide is selected from molybdenum trioxide (MoO 3), tungstic acid (WO 3) and vanadic oxide (V 2o 5) at least one.Phthalocyanine compound is selected from least one in CuPc (CuPc), Phthalocyanine Zinc (ZnPc) and magnesium phthalocyanine (MgPc).The mass ratio of phthalocyanine compound and metal oxide is 1:20 ~ 1:2.The thickness of the second doped layer 44 is 10nm ~ 40nm.

The second hole transmission layer 52 is formed at the surface of the second doped layer 44.The material of the second hole transmission layer 52 is selected from 1,1-bis-[4-[N, N '-bis-(p-tolyl) amino] phenyl] cyclohexane (TAPC), 4,4', 4 " tri-(carbazole-9-yl) triphenylamine (TCTA) and N, N '-(1-naphthyl)-N, N '-diphenyl-4; at least one in 4 '-benzidine (NPB), is preferably TAPC.The thickness of the second hole transmission layer 52 is 20nm ~ 60nm, is preferably 25nm.

The second luminescent layer 54 is formed at the surface of the second hole transmission layer 52.The material of the second luminescent layer 54 is selected from 4-(dintrile methyl)-2-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyl Lip river of a specified duration pyridine-9-vinyl)-4H-pyrans (DCJTB), 9,10-bis--β-naphthylene anthracene (ADN), 4, two (the 9-ethyl-3-carbazole vinyl)-1 of 4'-, 1'-biphenyl (BCzVBi) and 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum (Alq 3) at least one, be preferably Alq 3.The thickness of luminescent layer 40 is 5nm ~ 40nm, is preferably 15nm.

The second electron transfer layer 56 is formed at the surface of the second luminescent layer 52.The material of the second electron transfer layer 56 is selected from 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen), 1,2, and at least one in 4-triazole derivative (as TAZ) and N-aryl benzimidazole (TPBI), is preferably TAZ.The thickness of the second electron transfer layer 56 is 40nm ~ 200nm, is preferably 50nm.

Electron injecting layer 60 is formed at the second electron transfer layer 56 surfaces.The material of electron injecting layer 60 is selected from cesium carbonate (Cs 2cO 3), cesium fluoride (CsF), nitrine caesium (CsN 3) and lithium fluoride (LiF) at least one, be preferably Cs 2cO 3.The thickness of electron injecting layer 60 is 0.5nm ~ 10nm, is preferably 3nm.

Negative electrode 70 is formed at electron injecting layer 60 surfaces.The material of negative electrode 70 is selected from least one in silver (Ag), aluminium (Al), platinum (Pt) and gold (Au), is preferably Ag.The thickness of negative electrode 70 is 60nm ~ 300nm, is preferably 150nm.

Above-mentioned organic electroluminescence device 100, charge generation layer 40 is made up of the first doped layer 42 and the second doped layer 44, the material of the first doped layer 42 comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in metal, metal-doped cesium salt can form n doped layer, improve the transmission rate of electronics, increase conductivity and light transmission rate simultaneously, low workfunction metal can reduce the potential barrier of lumo energy and doped layer, improve injection efficiency, the material of the second doped layer 44 comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in metal oxide, metal oxide is bipolarity metal oxide, phthalocyanine compound is a kind of polycrystalline structure, can make rete crystallization, lattice after crystallization can carry out scattering to light, change light path, make the light scattering of both sides get back to Road, the final luminous efficiency that improves organic electroluminescence device, organic electroluminescence device 100 has two luminescence units simultaneously, thereby has current density and luminous efficiency at double.

Be appreciated that other functional layers also can be set in this organic electroluminescence device 100 as required.

Please refer to Fig. 2, the preparation method of the organic electroluminescence device 100 of an execution mode, it comprises the following steps:

Step S110, prepare hole injection layer 20, the first hole transmission layer 32, the first luminescent layer 34 and the first electron transfer layer 36 at anode surface successively evaporation.

Anode 10 is indium tin oxide glass (ITO), aluminium zinc oxide glass (AZO) or indium-zinc oxide glass (IZO), is preferably ITO.

In present embodiment, before anode 10 surfaces form hole injection layer 20, first antianode 10 carries out pre-treatment, pre-treatment comprises: anode 10 is carried out to photoetching treatment, be cut into needed size, adopt liquid detergent, deionized water, acetone, ethanol, the each Ultrasonic Cleaning 15min of isopropyl acetone, to remove the organic pollution on anode 10 surfaces.

Hole injection layer 20 is formed at the surface of anode 10.Hole injection layer 20 is prepared by evaporation.The material of hole injection layer 20 is selected from molybdenum trioxide (MoO 3), tungstic acid (WO 3) and vanadic oxide (V 2o 5) at least one, be preferably V 2o 5.The thickness of hole injection layer 20 is 20nm ~ 80nm, is preferably 40nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 1nm/s~10nm/s.

The first hole transmission layer 32 is formed at the surface of hole injection layer 20.The first hole transmission layer 32 is prepared by evaporation.The material of the first hole transmission layer 32 is selected from 1,1-bis-[4-[N, N '-bis-(p-tolyl) amino] phenyl] cyclohexane (TAPC), 4,4', 4 " tri-(carbazole-9-yl) triphenylamine (TCTA) and N, N '-(1-naphthyl)-N, N '-diphenyl-4; at least one in 4 '-benzidine (NPB), is preferably NPB.The thickness of the first hole transmission layer 32 is 20nm ~ 60nm, is preferably 35nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 0.1nm/s~1nm/s.

The first luminescent layer 34 is formed at the surface of the first hole transmission layer 32.The first luminescent layer 34 is prepared by evaporation.The material of the first luminescent layer 34 is selected from 4-(dintrile methyl)-2-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyl Lip river of a specified duration pyridine-9-vinyl)-4H-pyrans (DCJTB), 9,10-bis--β-naphthylene anthracene (ADN), 4, two (the 9-ethyl-3-carbazole vinyl)-1 of 4'-, 1'-biphenyl (BCzVBi) and 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum (Alq 3) at least one, be preferably Alq 3.The thickness of luminescent layer 40 is 5nm ~ 40nm, is preferably 15nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 0.1nm/s~1nm/s.

The first electron transfer layer 36 is formed at the surface of the first luminescent layer 32.The first electron transfer layer 36 is prepared by evaporation.The material of the first electron transfer layer 36 is selected from 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen), 1,2, and at least one in 4-triazole derivative (as TAZ) and N-aryl benzimidazole (TPBI), is preferably TAZ.The thickness of the first electron transfer layer 36 is 40nm ~ 200nm, is preferably 150nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 0.1nm/s ~ 1nm/s.

Step S120, prepare the first doped layer 42 at the surperficial evaporation of the first electron transfer layer 36.

The material of the first doped layer 42 comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in metal.Metal is that work function is-metal of 2.0V ~ 3.5eV, and preferred, metal is selected from least one in calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), ytterbium (Yb) and strontium (Sr).Cesium salt is selected from cesium carbonate (Cs 2cO 3), cesium fluoride (CsF) and nitrine caesium (CsN 3) at least one.The mass ratio of cesium salt and metal is 1:20 ~ 3:10.The thickness of the first doped layer 42 is 2nm ~ 20nm.Metal and cesium salt evaporate respectively in two evaporation boats, and evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, the evaporation speed of metal is 1nm/s~10nm/s, and the evaporation speed of cesium salt is 0.1nm/s ~ 1nm/s.

Step S130, prepare the second doped layer 44 at the surperficial evaporation of the first doped layer 42.

The material of the second doped layer 44 comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in metal oxide.Metal oxide is selected from molybdenum trioxide (MoO 3), tungstic acid (WO 3) and vanadic oxide (V 2o 5) at least one.Phthalocyanine compound is selected from least one in CuPc (CuPc), Phthalocyanine Zinc (ZnPc) and magnesium phthalocyanine (MgPc).The mass ratio of phthalocyanine compound and metal oxide is 1:20~1:2.The thickness of the second doped layer 44 is 10nm ~ 40nm.Metal oxide and phthalocyanine compound evaporate respectively in two evaporation boats, and evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, the evaporation speed of metal oxide is 1nm/s ~ 10nm/s, and the evaporation speed of phthalocyanine compound is 1nm/s~10nm/s.

Step S140, prepare the second hole transmission layer 52, the second luminescent layer 54, the second electron transfer layer 56, electron injecting layer 60 and negative electrode 70 on the second doped layer 44 surfaces successively evaporation.

The second hole transmission layer 52 is formed at the surface of the second doped layer 44.The material of the second hole transmission layer 52 is selected from 1,1-bis-[4-[N, N '-bis-(p-tolyl) amino] phenyl] cyclohexane (TAPC), 4,4', 4 " tri-(carbazole-9-yl) triphenylamine (TCTA) and N, N '-(1-naphthyl)-N, N '-diphenyl-4; at least one in 4 '-benzidine (NPB), is preferably TAPC.The thickness of the second hole transmission layer 52 is 20nm ~ 60nm, is preferably 25nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 0.1nm/s ~ 1nm/s.

The second luminescent layer 54 is formed at the surface of the second hole transmission layer 52.The material of the second luminescent layer 54 is selected from 4-(dintrile methyl)-2-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyl Lip river of a specified duration pyridine-9-vinyl)-4H-pyrans (DCJTB), 9,10-bis--β-naphthylene anthracene (ADN), 4, two (the 9-ethyl-3-carbazole vinyl)-1 of 4'-, 1'-biphenyl (BCzVBi) and 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum (Alq 3) at least one, be preferably Alq 3.The thickness of luminescent layer 40 is 5nm ~ 40nm, is preferably 15nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 0.1nm/s ~ 1nm/s.

The second electron transfer layer 56 is formed at the surface of the second luminescent layer 52.The material of the second electron transfer layer 56 is selected from 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (Bphen), 1,2, and at least one in 4-triazole derivative (as TAZ) and N-aryl benzimidazole (TPBI), is preferably TAZ.The thickness of the second electron transfer layer 56 is 40nm ~ 200nm, is preferably 50nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 0.1nm/s ~ 1nm/s.

Electron injecting layer 60 is formed at the second electron transfer layer 56 surfaces.The material of electron injecting layer 60 is selected from cesium carbonate (Cs 2cO 3), cesium fluoride (CsF), nitrine caesium (CsN 3) and lithium fluoride (LiF) at least one, be preferably Cs 2cO 3.The thickness of electron injecting layer 60 is 0.5nm ~ 10nm, is preferably 3nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 0.1nm/s ~ 1nm/s.

Negative electrode 70 is formed at electron injecting layer 60 surfaces.The material of negative electrode 70 is selected from least one in silver (Ag), aluminium (Al), platinum (Pt) and gold (Au), is preferably Ag.The thickness of negative electrode 70 is 60nm ~ 300nm, is preferably 150nm.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, evaporation speed is 1nm/s ~ 10nm/s.

Above-mentioned organic electroluminescence device preparation method, technique is simple, and the luminous efficiency of the organic electroluminescence device of preparation is higher.

Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the preparation method of organic electroluminescence device provided by the invention is elaborated.

The preparation used of the embodiment of the present invention and comparative example and tester are: high vacuum coating system (scientific instrument development center, Shenyang Co., Ltd), the USB4000 fiber spectrometer testing electroluminescent spectrum of U.S. marine optics Ocean Optics, the Keithley2400 test electric property of Keithley company of the U.S., CS-100A colorimeter test brightness and the colourity of Japanese Konica Minolta company.

Embodiment 1

Structure prepared by the present embodiment is ito glass/V 2o 5/ NPB/Alq 3/ TAZ/Ca:CsF/MoO 3: CuPc/TAPC/Alq 3/ TAZ/Cs 2cO 3the organic electroluminescence device of/Ag.

First ITO is carried out to photoetching treatment, be cut into needed size, use successively liquid detergent, deionized water, acetone, ethanol, the each ultrasonic 15min of isopropyl alcohol, the organic pollution of removal glass surface; Evaporation hole injection layer, material is V 2o 5, thickness is 30nm; Evaporation the first hole transmission layer, material is NPB, thickness is 35nm; Evaporation the first luminescent layer, material is Alq 3, thickness is 15nm; Evaporation the first electron transfer layer, material is TAZ, thickness is 150nm; Evaporation the first doped layer, material comprises Ca and is entrained in the CsF in Ca, the mass ratio 1:20 of CsF and Ca, thickness is 10nm; Evaporation the second doped layer, material comprises MoO 3and be entrained in MoO 3in CuPc, CuPc and MoO 3mass ratio be 15:100, thickness is 20nm; Evaporation the second hole transmission layer, material is TAPC, thickness is 25nm; Evaporation the second luminescent layer, material is Alq 3, thickness is 15nm; Evaporation the second electron transfer layer, material is TAZ, thickness is 50nm; Evaporation electron injecting layer, material is Cs 2cO 3, thickness is 3nm; Evaporation negative electrode, material is Ag, thickness is 150nm.Finally obtain needed electroluminescent device.Evaporation is 8 × 10 at vacuum pressure -4under Pa, carry out, organic material evaporation speed is 0.2nm/s, and the evaporation speed of metallic compound is 3nm/s, and the evaporation speed of metal is 5nm/s.

Refer to Fig. 3, the structure that is depicted as preparation in embodiment 1 is ito glass/V 2o 5/ NPB/Alq 3/ TAZ/Ca:CsF/MoO 3: CuPc/TAPC/Alq 3/ TAZ/Cs 2cO 3the organic electroluminescence device (curve 1) of/Ag is ito glass/V with structure prepared by comparative example 2o 5/ NPB/Alq 3/ TAZ/Cs 2cO 3the current density of the organic electroluminescence device (curve 2) of/Ag and the relation of current efficiency.In the organic electroluminescence device that in organic electroluminescence device prepared by comparative example, each layer thickness is prepared with comparative example 1, each layer thickness is identical.

As seen from Figure 3, under different current efficiency, all large than comparative example of the current efficiency of embodiment 1, the maximum current efficiency of organic electroluminescence device prepared by embodiment 1 is 4.7cd/A, and the current efficiency of organic electroluminescence device prepared by comparative example is only 3.3cd/A, this explanation, charge generation layer is by being made up of the first doped layer and the second doped layer, the material of the first doped layer comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in metal, the material of the second doped layer comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in metal oxide, metal-doped cesium salt can form n doped layer, improve the transmission rate of electronics, low workfunction metal can improve injection efficiency, phthalocyanine compound is a kind of polycrystalline structure, can promote rete crystallization, lattice after crystallization can carry out scattering to light, change light path, make the light scattering of both sides get back to Road, this charge generation layer can effectively improve the luminous efficiency of organic electroluminescence device.

The current efficiency of the organic electroluminescence device that below prepared by each embodiment is all similar with embodiment 1, and each organic electroluminescence device also has similar current efficiency, repeats no more below.

Embodiment 2

Structure prepared by the present embodiment is AZO/V 2o 5/ NPB/ADN/TPBi/Yb:CsN 3/ V 2o 5: MgPc/TAPC/ADN/TAZ/CsN 3the organic electroluminescence device of/Pt.

First AZO substrate of glass is used to liquid detergent successively, deionized water, ultrasonic 15min, the organic pollution of removal glass surface; Evaporation is prepared hole injection layer, and material is V 2o 5, thickness is 80nm; Evaporation is prepared the first hole transmission layer, and material is NPB, and thickness is 60nm; Evaporation is prepared the first luminescent layer, and material is ADN, and thickness is 5nm; Evaporation is prepared the first electron transfer layer, and material is TPBi, and thickness is 200nm; Evaporation is prepared charge generation layer: be made up of the first doped layer and the second doped layer, the material of the first doped layer comprises Yb and is entrained in the CsN in Yb 3, CsN 3with the mass ratio of Yb be 1:20, thickness is 20nm, the material of the second doped layer comprises V 2o 5and be entrained in V 2o 5in MgPc, MgPc and V 2o 5mass ratio be 1:2, thickness is 10nm; Evaporation is prepared the second hole transmission layer, and material is TAPC, and thickness is 20nm; Evaporation is prepared the second luminescent layer, and material is ADN, and thickness is 7nm; Evaporation is prepared the second electron transfer layer, and material is TAZ, and thickness is 40nm; Evaporation is prepared electron injecting layer, and material is CsN 3, thickness is 0.5nm; Evaporation is prepared negative electrode, and material is Pt, and thickness is 60nm, finally obtains needed electroluminescent device.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3under Pa, carry out, organic material evaporation speed is 0.1nm/s, and the evaporation speed of metallic compound is 10nm/s, and the evaporation speed of metal is 10nm/s.

Embodiment 3

Structure prepared by the present embodiment is IZO/WO 3/ TAPC/BCzVBi/Bphen/Mg:Cs 2cO 3/ WO 3: the organic electroluminescence device of ZnPc/TCTA/BCzVBi/Bphen/CsF/Al.

First IZO substrate of glass is used to liquid detergent successively, deionized water, ultrasonic 15min, the organic pollution of removal glass surface; Evaporation is prepared hole injection layer, and material is WO 3, thickness is 20nm; Evaporation is prepared the first hole transmission layer, and material is TAPC, and thickness is 30nm; Evaporation is prepared the first luminescent layer, and material is BCzVBi, and thickness is 40nm; Evaporation is prepared the first electron transfer layer, and material is Bphen, and thickness is 200nm; Evaporation is prepared charge generation layer: be made up of the first doped layer, the second doped layer, the material of the first doped layer comprises Mg and is entrained in the Cs in Mg 2cO 3, Cs 2cO 3with the mass ratio of Mg be 3:10, thickness is 2nm, the material of the second doped layer comprises WO 3and be entrained in WO 3in ZnPc, ZnPc and WO 3mass ratio be 1:20, thickness is 40nm; Evaporation is prepared the second hole transmission layer, and material is TCTA, and thickness is 60nm; Evaporation is prepared the second luminescent layer, and material is BCzVBi, and thickness is 30nm; Evaporation is prepared the second electron transfer layer, and material is Bphen, and thickness is 40nm; Evaporation is prepared electron injecting layer, and material is CsF, and thickness is 10nm; Evaporation is prepared negative electrode, and material is Al, and thickness is 300nm, finally obtains needed electroluminescent device.Evaporation is 2 × 10 at vacuum pressure -4under Pa, carry out, organic material evaporation speed is 1nm/s, and the evaporation speed of metallic compound is 1nm/s, and the evaporation speed of metal is 1nm/s.

Embodiment 4

Structure prepared by the present embodiment is IZO/MoO 3/ TCTA/DCJTB/TAZ/Sr:CsF/MoO 3: the organic electroluminescence device of ZnPc/TAPC/DCJTB/TPBi/LiF/Au.

First IZO substrate of glass is used to liquid detergent successively, deionized water, ultrasonic 15min, the organic pollution of removal glass surface; Evaporation is prepared hole injection layer, and material is MoO 3, thickness is 30nm; Evaporation is prepared the first hole transmission layer, and material is TCTA, and thickness is 50nm; Evaporation is prepared the first luminescent layer, and material is DCJTB, and thickness is 5nm; Evaporation is prepared the first electron transfer layer, and material is TAZ, and thickness is 40nm; Evaporation is prepared charge generation layer: be made up of the first doped layer, the second doped layer, the material of the first doped layer comprises Sr and be entrained in the CsF in Sr, and the mass ratio of CsF and Sr is 1: 10, and thickness is 15nm, and the material of the second doped layer comprises MoO 3and be entrained in MoO 3in be ZnPc, ZnPc and MoO 3mass ratio be 7:100, thickness is 30nm; Evaporation is prepared the second hole transmission layer, and material is TAPC, and thickness is 50nm; Evaporation is prepared the second luminescent layer, and material is DCJTB, and thickness is 5nm; Evaporation is prepared the second electron transfer layer, and material is TPBi, and thickness is 100nm; Evaporation is prepared electron injecting layer, and material is LiF, and thickness is 1nm; Evaporation is prepared negative electrode, and material is Au, and thickness is 180nm, finally obtains needed electroluminescent device.Evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -4under Pa, carry out, organic material evaporation speed is 0.6nm/s, and the evaporation speed of metallic compound is 2nm/s, and the evaporation speed of metal is 3nm/s.

The above embodiment has only expressed several execution mode of the present invention, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but can not therefore be interpreted as the restriction to the scope of the claims of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection range of patent of the present invention should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (10)

1. an organic electroluminescence device, it is characterized in that, comprise the anode, hole injection layer, the first hole transmission layer, the first luminescent layer, the first electron transfer layer, charge generation layer, the second hole transmission layer, the second luminescent layer, the second electron transfer layer, electron injecting layer and the negative electrode that stack gradually, described charge generation layer comprises the second doped layer that is laminated in first doped layer on described the first electron transfer layer surface and is formed at described the first doped layer surface; The material of described the first doped layer comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in described metal, described metal is selected from least one in calcium, magnesium, ytterbium and strontium, described cesium salt is selected from least one in cesium carbonate, cesium fluoride and nitrine caesium, and described in described the first doped layer, the mass ratio of cesium salt and described metal is 1:20 ~ 3:10; The material of described the second doped layer comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in described metal oxide, described metal oxide is selected from least one in molybdenum trioxide, tungstic acid and vanadic oxide, described phthalocyanine compound is selected from least one in CuPc, Phthalocyanine Zinc and magnesium phthalocyanine, and described in described the second doped layer, the mass ratio of phthalocyanine compound and described metal oxide is 1:20 ~ 1:2.
2. organic electroluminescence device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the thickness of described the first doped layer is 2nm ~ 20nm, and the thickness of described the second doped layer is 10nm ~ 40nm.
3. organic electroluminescence device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the material of described the first luminescent layer and described the second luminescent layer is selected from 4-(dintrile methyl)-2-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyl Lip river of a specified duration pyridine-9-vinyl)-4H-pyrans, 9,10-bis--β-naphthylene anthracene, 4, two (the 9-ethyl-3-carbazole vinyl)-1 of 4'-, at least one in 1'-biphenyl and oxine aluminium.
4. organic electroluminescence device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the material of described the first hole transmission layer and described the second hole transmission layer is selected from 1,1-bis-[4-[N, N '-bis-(p-tolyl) amino] phenyl] cyclohexane, 4,4', 4 " tri-(carbazole-9-yl) triphenylamine and N; N '-(1-naphthyl)-N, N '-diphenyl-4, at least one in 4 '-benzidine.
5. organic electroluminescence device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the material of described the first electron transfer layer and described the second electron transfer layer is selected from 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, 1,2, at least one in 4-triazole derivative and N-aryl benzimidazole.
6. a preparation method for organic electroluminescence device, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Prepare hole injection layer, the first hole transmission layer, the first luminescent layer and the first electron transfer layer at anode surface successively evaporation;
Prepare the first doped layer at described the first electron transfer layer surface evaporation, the material of described the first doped layer comprises metal and is entrained in the cesium salt in described metal, described metal is selected from least one in calcium, magnesium, ytterbium and strontium, described cesium salt is selected from least one in cesium carbonate, cesium fluoride and nitrine caesium, described in described the first doped layer, the mass ratio of cesium salt and described metal is 1:20 ~ 3:10, described metal and described cesium salt evaporate respectively in two evaporation boats, and evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, the evaporation speed of described metal is 1nm/s ~ 10nm/s, and the evaporation speed of described cesium salt is 0.1nm/s ~ 1nm/s;
Prepare the second doped layer at described the first doped layer surface evaporation, the material of described the second doped layer comprises metal oxide and is entrained in the phthalocyanine compound in described metal oxide, described metal oxide is selected from molybdenum trioxide, at least one in tungstic acid and vanadic oxide, described phthalocyanine compound is selected from CuPc, at least one in Phthalocyanine Zinc and magnesium phthalocyanine, described in described the second doped layer, the mass ratio of phthalocyanine compound and described metal oxide is 1:20 ~ 1:2, described metal oxide and described phthalocyanine compound evaporate respectively in two evaporation boats, evaporation is 5 × 10 at vacuum pressure -3~ 2 × 10 -4under Pa, carry out, the evaporation speed of described metal oxide is 1nm/s ~ 10nm/s, and the evaporation speed of described phthalocyanine compound is 1nm/s ~ 10nm/s, and
Form the second hole transmission layer, the second luminescent layer, the second electron transfer layer, electron injecting layer and negative electrode on the second doped layer surface successively evaporation.
7. the preparation method of organic electroluminescence device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the material of described the first luminescent layer and described the second luminescent layer is selected from 4-(dintrile methyl)-2-butyl-6-(1,1,7,7-tetramethyl Lip river of a specified duration pyridine-9-vinyl)-4H-pyrans, 9,10-bis--β-naphthylene anthracene, 4, two (the 9-ethyl-3-carbazole vinyl)-1 of 4'-, at least one in 1'-biphenyl and oxine aluminium.
8. the preparation method of organic electroluminescence device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the material of described the first hole transmission layer and described the second hole transmission layer is selected from 1,1-bis-[4-[N, N '-bis-(p-tolyl) amino] phenyl] cyclohexane, 4,4', 4 " tri-(carbazole-9-yl) triphenylamine and N, N '-(1-naphthyl)-N; N '-diphenyl-4, at least one in 4 '-benzidine.
9. the preparation method of organic electroluminescence device according to claim 6, is characterized in that: the thickness of described the first doped layer is 2nm ~ 20nm, and the thickness of described the second doped layer is 10nm ~ 40nm.
10. the preparation method of organic electroluminescence device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: before described anode surface forms hole injection layer, first antianode carries out pre-treatment, pre-treatment comprises: anode is carried out to photoetching treatment, be cut into needed size, adopt liquid detergent, deionized water, acetone, ethanol, the each Ultrasonic Cleaning 15min of isopropyl acetone, to remove the organic pollution of anode surface.
CN201310039199.4A 2013-01-31 2013-01-31 Organic light-emitting device and production method thereof CN103972421A (en)

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