CN103894055A - Rapid and uniform air filtration device and filter material used by air filtration device - Google Patents

Rapid and uniform air filtration device and filter material used by air filtration device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103894055A
CN103894055A CN201410146646.0A CN201410146646A CN103894055A CN 103894055 A CN103894055 A CN 103894055A CN 201410146646 A CN201410146646 A CN 201410146646A CN 103894055 A CN103894055 A CN 103894055A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
acid
filtrate
uniformly
active
filtering
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Pending
Application number
CN201410146646.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨朝峰
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SHANGHAI YILANG ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI YILANG ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410146646.0A priority Critical patent/CN103894055A/en
Publication of CN103894055A publication Critical patent/CN103894055A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a rapid and uniform air filtration device which comprises a housing, a gas inlet, a gas outlet, a fan, a rotation tray and filter materials, wherein the filter materials are uniformly placed in the tray and rotate along with the tray at uniform velocity; the filter material contains 10-15 weight percent of filtering media, and the filtering media are respectively acid filtering media for filtering and removing alkaline gas and alkaline filtering media for filtering and removing acid gas; the acid filtering media or the alkaline filtering media are uniformly filled in respective basis materials in the form of liquid. The filtration device can filter various gases, thereby changing the condition that the traditional filtration device only filters single harmful gas. Meanwhile, the invention also provides a uniformly-mixed air filter material, the inner part of the air filter material is uniformly mixed, and the effect of filtering the harmful gas is greatly improved.

Description

The filtering material of a kind of air filter rapidly and uniformly and use thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the filtering material of a kind of air filter rapidly and uniformly and use thereof, is a kind of simplicity of design, with low cost specifically, can realize fast the filtered air filter of air and the air filting material for this device.
Background technology
Along with the raising of people's living standard, people are also more and more higher for the requirement of domestic environment, and domestic environment pernicious gas has become the problem that people are difficult to break away from most.It is mainly divided into: one, to fit up on furniture and pet formaldehyde gas with it, and formaldehyde is a kind of colourless have excitant, asphyxiant gas, after suction human body, has great harm for human body; Two: ammonia is as a kind of corrosivity, alkaline gas indoor be also frequent existence; Three: hydrogen sulfide, as a kind of colourless, poisonous gas with rotten egg special odor, is produced by the rotten organic substance of coal cooking range, the natural gas well and sulfur-bearing.At present, although can be used for removal from fluid, existing multiple filter makes us unhappy pollutant, but these known filters have very high selective, it is the compound that a kind of filter can only be processed a kind of particular type, but under situation about all existing for indoor various pernicious gases, existing filter and filtering material can not meet the filtration of people for multiple pernicious gas, for making up prior art deficiency, the present invention aims to provide the filtering material of a kind of air filter rapidly and uniformly and use thereof.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the filtering material of a kind of air filter rapidly and uniformly and use thereof, thereby solve the problem in above-mentioned background technology.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions.
One is air filter rapidly and uniformly, comprises housing, gas inlet port, gas discharge outlet, blower fan, rotary-tray and filtering material, and blower fan can be chosen as perfusion blower fan or axial flow blower or centrifugal blower; Filtering material is evenly placed in pallet, and rotates with pallet average rate; Wherein, filtering material comprises the filtrate of 10%~15% weight; Filtrate is respectively to filter and removes the acid filtrate of alkaline gas and filter the alkaline filtrate of removing sour gas; One, active carrier and surface active material that acid filtrate comprises phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid; Alkalescence filtrate comprises one, active carrier and the surface active material in potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or sodium carbonate; Acid filtrate or alkaline filtrate are all filled in matrix material separately uniformly with the form of liquid.
Wherein, the shared weight ratio of potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or sodium carbonate in alkaline filtrate is 1%~5%, and the shared weight ratio of active carrier is 1%~5%; Equally, the shared weight ratio of phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid in acid filtrate is 1%~5%, and the shared weight ratio of active carrier is also 1%~5%.
For the filtering material being uniformly mixed, manufacturing when filtering material, by filtrate matrix material is carried out joining in matrix material before sintering.
For better making slaine be suspended in liquid solution, surface active material is preferably to polyacrylic acid.
Active carrier is preferably from active carbon, activated alumina, magnesia or their combination; .
Matrix material is preferably from activated alumina, silica gel, zeolite, kaolin, absorption clay, activated bauxite, active carbon or their combination.
In filter, there is with gas the large Surface Contact of trying one's best in order to realize filtering material, filtering material be shaped as spheroidal, can certainly be chosen as square, rectangle or annular.
A kind of mixed uniformly air filting material, comprises the filtrate of 10%~15% weight; Filtrate is divided into filtering to be removed the acid filtrate of alkaline gas and filters the alkaline filtrate of removing sour gas; A kind of, 1%~5% active carrier and surface active material that acid filtrate comprises 1%~5% phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid; Alkalescence filtrate comprises a kind of, 1%~5% active carrier and the surface active material in 1%~5% potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or sodium carbonate; Active carrier is preferably active carbon, activated alumina, magnesia or their combination; Surface active material is preferably polyacrylic acid; Wherein, filtrate is filled in matrix material uniformly with the form of liquid; Matrix material is preferably as activated alumina, silica gel, zeolite, kaolin, absorption clay, activated bauxite, active carbon or their combination.
Compared with prior art, the significant advantage of the present invention is: this is air filter rapidly and uniformly, can realize the filtration of multiple gases, changed the situation that traditional filtering material can only filter a kind of pernicious gas, material making flow process is few, low cost of manufacture, and this mixed uniformly air filting material is before sintering, be mixed in matrix material with the form of solution, its internal mix is even, and the effect of filtering noxious gas has obtained very large improvement.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of air filter.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of rotary-tray.
In figure: 1, housing, 2, gas inlet, 3, gas outlet, 4, blower fan, 5, rotary-tray.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, air filter rapidly and uniformly of the present invention and the filtering material mixing are described in further detail.
One is air filter rapidly and uniformly, comprises housing 1, gas inlet port 2, gas discharge outlet 3, blower fan 4, rotary-tray 5 and filtering material, and blower fan can be chosen as perfusion blower fan or axial flow blower or centrifugal blower; Filtering material is evenly placed in rotary-tray 5, and with rotary-tray 5 average rate rotations; Wherein, filtering material comprises the filtrate of 10%~15% weight, and in the present embodiment, filtering material is elected 12% weight as.
Filtrate is divided into filtering to be removed the acid filtrate of alkaline gas and filters the alkaline filtrate of removing sour gas; One, active carrier and surface active material that acid filtrate comprises phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid; Alkalescence filtrate comprises one, active carrier and the surface active material in potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or sodium carbonate; Acid filtrate or alkaline filtrate are all filled in matrix material separately uniformly with the form of liquid.
Wherein, in the present embodiment, the shared weight ratio of potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or sodium carbonate in alkaline filtrate is 3%, and the shared weight ratio of active carrier is 4%; Equally, the shared weight ratio of phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid in acid filtrate is 3%, and the shared weight ratio of active carrier is also 4%.
For the filtering material being uniformly mixed, manufacturing when filtering material, by filtrate matrix material is carried out joining in matrix material before sintering.
In the present embodiment, surface active material is elected polyacrylic acid as.
Active carrier is preferably from active carbon, activated alumina, magnesia or their combination, and the present embodiment active carrier is chosen as active carbon.
Matrix material is preferably from activated alumina, silica gel, zeolite, kaolin, absorption clay, activated bauxite, active carbon or their combination, and the present embodiment matrix material is elected activated alumina as.
In order to make filtering material have with gas the large Surface Contact of trying one's best in filter, the shape of filtering material is set to spheroidal.
For the present invention's mixed uniformly air filting material for air filter rapidly and uniformly, comprise the filtrate of 10%~15% weight, the present embodiment is chosen as 12% weight ratio; Filtrate is divided into filtering to be removed the acid filtrate of alkaline gas and filters the alkaline filtrate of removing sour gas; A kind of 4% active carrier and surface active material that acid filtrate comprises 3% phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid; Alkalescence filtrate comprises a kind of, 4% active carrier and the surface active material in 3% potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or sodium carbonate; Active carrier is elected active carbon as; Surface active material is elected polyacrylic acid as; Wherein, filtrate is filled in matrix material uniformly with the form of liquid; Matrix material is elected as activated alumina.
Compared with prior art, the significant advantage of the present invention is: this is air filter rapidly and uniformly, can realize the filtration of multiple gases, changed the situation that traditional filtering material can only filter a kind of pernicious gas, material making flow process is few, low cost of manufacture, and this mixed uniformly air filting material is before sintering, be mixed in matrix material with the form of solution, its internal mix is even, and the effect of filtering noxious gas has obtained very large improvement.
To those skilled in the art, obviously the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned example embodiment, and in the situation that not deviating from spirit of the present invention or essential characteristic, can realize the present invention with other concrete form.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should regard example as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present invention is limited by claims instead of above-mentioned explanation, is therefore intended to all changes that drop in the implication and the scope that are equal to important document of claim to include in the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. an air filter rapidly and uniformly, comprises housing, gas inlet port, gas discharge outlet, blower fan, rotary-tray and filtering material, it is characterized in that: described blower fan is perfusion blower fan or axial flow blower or centrifugal blower; Described filtering material is evenly placed in described pallet, and with described pallet average rate rotation; Wherein, described filtering material comprises the filtrate of 10%~15% weight; Described filtrate is divided into filtering to be removed the acid filtrate of alkaline gas and filters the alkaline filtrate of removing sour gas; One, active carrier and surface active material that described acid filtrate comprises phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid; Described alkaline filtrate comprises one, active carrier and the surface active material in potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or sodium carbonate; Described acid filtrate or alkaline filtrate are all filled in respectively in matrix material separately uniformly with the form of liquid.
2. one according to claim 1 air filter rapidly and uniformly, it is characterized in that: the shared weight ratio of potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or the sodium carbonate described in described alkaline filtrate is 1%~5%, the shared weight ratio of described active carrier is 1%~5%.
3. one according to claim 1 air filter rapidly and uniformly, it is characterized in that: the shared weight ratio of phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or the hydrochloric acid described in described acid filtrate is 1%~5%, the shared weight ratio of described active carrier is 1%~5%.
4. one according to claim 1 air filter rapidly and uniformly, is characterized in that: described filtrate joined in described matrix material before described matrix material sintering.
5. one according to claim 1 air filter rapidly and uniformly, is characterized in that: described surface active material is polyacrylic acid.
6. one according to claim 1 air filter rapidly and uniformly, is characterized in that: described active carrier is active carbon, activated alumina, magnesia or their combination.
7. one according to claim 1 air filter rapidly and uniformly, is characterized in that: described matrix material is activated alumina, silica gel, zeolite, kaolin, absorption clay, activated bauxite, active carbon or their combination.
8. one according to claim 1 air filter rapidly and uniformly, is characterized in that: described filtering material be shaped as spheroidal.
9. for the mixed uniformly air filting material on a kind of air filter rapidly and uniformly claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise the filtrate of 10%~15% weight; Described filtrate is divided into filtering to be removed the acid filtrate of alkaline gas and filters the alkaline filtrate of removing sour gas; A kind of, 1%~5% active carrier and surface active material that described acid filtrate comprises 1%~5% phosphoric acid, acetic acid, sulfuric acid or hydrochloric acid; Described alkaline filtrate comprises a kind of, 1%~5% active carrier and the surface active material in 1%~5% potassium hydroxide, NaOH, sodium acid carbonate or sodium carbonate; Described active carrier is active carbon, activated alumina, magnesia or their combination; Described surface active material is polyacrylic acid; Described filtrate is filled in matrix material uniformly with the form of liquid; Described matrix material is activated alumina, silica gel, zeolite, kaolin, absorption clay, activated bauxite, active carbon or their combination.
CN201410146646.0A 2014-04-11 2014-04-11 Rapid and uniform air filtration device and filter material used by air filtration device Pending CN103894055A (en)

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CN201410146646.0A CN103894055A (en) 2014-04-11 2014-04-11 Rapid and uniform air filtration device and filter material used by air filtration device

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101035615A (en) * 2004-08-27 2007-09-12 唐纳森公司 Impregnated filter element, and methods
CN201534043U (en) * 2009-11-12 2010-07-28 福建嘉园环保有限责任公司 Integrated rotary adsorption and desorption organic waste gas treatment device
CN101828074A (en) * 2007-09-19 2010-09-08 C奎斯特技术有限责任公司 Methods and devices for reducing hazardous air pollutants
CN102371105A (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-03-14 常州大学 Integrative rotary type adsorber
CN102716652A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-10-10 常州大学 Comprehensive complicated waste gas treatment system
CN102935319A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-20 浙江富迩佳电子科技有限公司 Indoor air purifying device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101035615A (en) * 2004-08-27 2007-09-12 唐纳森公司 Impregnated filter element, and methods
CN101828074A (en) * 2007-09-19 2010-09-08 C奎斯特技术有限责任公司 Methods and devices for reducing hazardous air pollutants
CN201534043U (en) * 2009-11-12 2010-07-28 福建嘉园环保有限责任公司 Integrated rotary adsorption and desorption organic waste gas treatment device
CN102371105A (en) * 2011-11-07 2012-03-14 常州大学 Integrative rotary type adsorber
CN102716652A (en) * 2012-07-09 2012-10-10 常州大学 Comprehensive complicated waste gas treatment system
CN102935319A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-20 浙江富迩佳电子科技有限公司 Indoor air purifying device

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Application publication date: 20140702