CN103861918A - U-shaped furnace tube bending technology used for ejection material returning and using bending roller range sensor - Google Patents

U-shaped furnace tube bending technology used for ejection material returning and using bending roller range sensor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103861918A
CN103861918A CN201410131715.0A CN201410131715A CN103861918A CN 103861918 A CN103861918 A CN 103861918A CN 201410131715 A CN201410131715 A CN 201410131715A CN 103861918 A CN103861918 A CN 103861918A
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fixture
bending
boiler tube
dipper crowding
crowding gear
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CN201410131715.0A
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CN103861918B (en
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陈涛
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The Nantong City elevator components industry chamber of commerce
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陈涛
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Abstract

Disclosed is a U-shaped heating furnace tube bending technology. According to the U-shaped heating furnace tube bending technology, furnace tube bending equipment is used, the furnace tube bending equipment comprises a left rack and a pushing mechanism, the pushing mechanism is arranged on the right side of the left rack, a guide rod is fixedly arranged in the middle part of the right side of the left rack, the guide rod extends horizontally in the left-right direction, the left end of the guide rod is fixedly connected with the left rack, the right end of the guide rod is connected with the middle of the pushing mechanism in a sliding mode, and a channel used for allowing an original U-shaped furnace tube to be fed and to penetrate through and a machined furnace tube to be discharged and to pass through is formed in the left rack; three bending hydraulic devices are sequentially arranged from left to right between the left rack and the pushing mechanism on the guide rod in a sliding mode.

Description

Roll range sensor and eject the U-shaped crooking of the tubes technique of the material returned with bending
Technical field
The application relates to the making of heating furnace tube, is specially a kind of U-shaped heating furnace tube bending process.
Background technology
Heating furnace has a wide range of applications in industry, such as heating steel billet, heat treatment of workpieces etc.In order to increase the heating uniformity of heating furnace, heating furnace tube is often in a bent form.
In the prior art, in order to guarantee the requirement to concrete heating furnace shape and to meet the requirement respectively of concrete heating heat, conventionally need to carry out to the shape of boiler tube the bending of concrete shape.For the bending of heating furnace tube, often adopt in the prior art stamping forming mode.This molding mode can efficiently be realized bending machining rapidly, and machining accuracy is high, and cost is lower, has in the prior art extensive use.But, this mode of heating easily produces significantly a large amount of inhomogeneous deformation on the longitudinal direction of heating furnace tube, cause the cross-sectional area of heating furnace tube on the longitudinal direction of boiler tube, to there is larger variation, this makes heating uniformity in heating process be difficult to control, and, easily in the process using, produce inhomogeneous stress and concentrate, thereby cause the stability in use of heating furnace, security greatly to reduce, and shortened the service life of heating furnace.
Also there is in the prior art the bending of use and roll the scheme that workpiece is bent.But, this scheme often adopts curved one by one bending to workpiece, because the longitudinal size of workpiece is larger, in the complete rotation process of workpiece, this processing often needs larger processing space, and, because process is to adopt curved one by one mode, process is longer, and working (machining) efficiency is lower, cause thus processing cost to rise, and be difficult to guarantee the form accuracy of processing.
Summary of the invention
A kind of U-shaped heating furnace tube of the present invention bending process, it is intended to solve in prior art the defects such as machining deformation is inhomogeneous and process is long, form accuracy is low, and a kind of bending process of the heating furnace tube with concrete shape is provided.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind ofly use bending to roll range sensor and eject the U-shaped furnace tubing bending machining technique of the material returned, it uses a kind of crooking of the tubes equipment, described crooking of the tubes equipment comprises left frame and dipper crowding gear, dipper crowding gear is right-hand at left frame, centre position, right side place at described left frame is fixedly installed guide rod, guide rod is horizontal-extending on left and right directions, the left end of guide rod is fixedly connected with described left frame, the right-hand member of guide rod and the middle part of dipper crowding gear are slidably connected, in described left frame, be provided with the passage that passes and pass through for completing the boiler tube discharging of processing for original U-shaped boiler tube material loading, on described guide rod, between described left frame and dipper crowding gear, slide and be provided with three bending hydraulic means successively from left to right, the front portion, left side of dipper crowding gear is fixedly installed the first fixture, the rear portion, left side of dipper crowding gear is fixedly installed the second fixture, the front portion, right side of left frame is fixedly installed the 3rd fixture, the rear portion, right side of left frame is fixedly installed the 4th fixture, between described left frame and dipper crowding gear, be provided with fromer rail and rear rail, described fromer rail straight line between the 3rd fixture and the first fixture extends, and in the time that dipper crowding gear slides along described guide rod, the first fixture can slide towards the 3rd fixture along fromer rail, described rear rail straight line between the 4th fixture and the second fixture extends, and in the time that dipper crowding gear slides along described guide rod, the second fixture can slide towards the 4th fixture along rear rail, on described rear rail, between the 4th fixture and the second fixture, be also provided with slidably the 5th fixture and the 6th fixture, on described fromer rail, between the 3rd fixture and the first fixture, be also provided with slidably the 7th fixture and the 8th fixture, eight described fixtures include clip base, internal clamping block and outer fixture block, the described internal clamping block of each described fixture and outer fixture block all relatively arrange along the fore-and-aft direction in the plane of bending when the described boiler tube generation plain bending, and in clip base, can realize contact gripping and separate the action of unclamping, wherein, described internal clamping block is all between described fromer rail and rear rail, and be rectangular shape, described outer fixture block is all positioned at described fromer rail and rear rail outside, and be cylindrical shape, the plane of bending of the longitudinal axis of described rectangular shape and cylindrical shape during all perpendicular to described boiler tube generation plain bending, wherein, on the right flank of the internal clamping block of described the 3rd fixture and the 4th fixture, be provided with the right extension limited block extending to the right, on the left surface of the internal clamping block of described the first fixture and the second fixture, be provided with the left extension limited block extending to the left, on the left and right side of the internal clamping block of described the 5th fixture, the 6th fixture, the 7th fixture and the 8th fixture, be provided with respectively the left extension limited block extending to the left and the right extension limited block extending to the right.
The middle part of described three bending hydraulic means and described guide rod are slidably matched, each opposed front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder and rear drive hydraulic cylinder of including in described three bending hydraulic means, described front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder and rear drive hydraulic cylinder are symmetrical arranged with respect to the longitudinal axis of guide rod, the hydraulic stem end of described front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder is hinged with front curve and rolls, and front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder can drive front curve is rolled to the bend pipe thrust applying forward along the direction vertical with guide rod, the hydraulic stem end of described rear drive hydraulic cylinder is hinged with rear bending and rolls, and rear drive hydraulic cylinder can drive rear bending is rolled to the bend pipe thrust applying backward along the direction vertical with guide rod, each walking driving mechanism that all also comprises in described three bending hydraulic means, in order to drive respectively corresponding bending hydraulic means to slide into diverse location along guide rod, near the pivotal axis that in described three bending hydraulic means, the bending of each bending hydraulic means is rolled, be provided with bending and roll range sensor, range sensor is rolled in described bending can detect respectively the pivotal axis and bending distance of rolling both sides fixture that bending is rolled, described walking driving mechanism can roll according to described bending the position of the range information control respective curved hydraulic means that range sensor provides, and occupy the centre position of adjacent two fixtures so that the bending of respective curved hydraulic means is rolled, it can be for example optical pickocff, hall effect sensor or magnetic field sensor that range sensor is rolled in described bending.
The right side of described dipper crowding gear is provided with front support rod telescoping mechanism and back support rod telescoping mechanism, front support rod telescoping mechanism and back support rod telescoping mechanism arrange symmetrically about the longitudinal axis of described guide rod, front support rod telescoping mechanism has front stretching support bar, front stretching support bar extend in described boiler tube through leaving the left side of dipper crowding gear and can be used in from the right side of dipper crowding gear, thereby play support boiler tube and prevent that boiler tube from occurring not expect bending effect, and can under the driving of front support rod telescoping mechanism, on left and right directions, move back and forth; Back support rod telescoping mechanism has rear retractility support bar, rear retractility support bar extend in described boiler tube through leaving the left side of dipper crowding gear and can be used in from the right side of dipper crowding gear, thereby play support boiler tube and prevent that boiler tube from occurring not expect bending effect, and can under the driving of back support rod telescoping mechanism, on left and right directions, move back and forth.
Described crooking of the tubes technique comprises the steps:
A., U-shaped boiler tube is provided;
B. two arms of described U-shaped boiler tube penetrated respectively to the described passage on described left frame and advance to the right, until the part that described U-shaped boiler tube will be processed stretches out in described left frame;
C. described the second fixture and the 4th fixture clamp two arms of described U-shaped boiler tube respectively;
D. dipper crowding gear motion, to make the first fixture and the second fixture clamp respectively the end of two arms of U-shaped boiler tube;
E. the 5th fixture and the 6th fixture clamp the postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube between the 4th fixture and the second fixture, and make the 4th fixture, the 5th fixture, the 6th fixture and the second fixture that the described postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube is separated into three length sections equal in length; The 7th fixture and the 8th fixture clamp the forearm of U-shaped boiler tube between the second fixture and the first fixture, and make the second fixture, the 7th fixture, the 8th fixture and the first fixture that the described forearm of U-shaped boiler tube is separated into three length sections equal in length;
F. the each mid point that makes its front and rear curved roll, contact respectively corresponding each length section in described three length sections on described forearm and postbrachium in described three bending hydraulic means;
G. the back support rod telescoping mechanism of dipper crowding gear and front support rod telescoping mechanism stretch into rear retractility support bar and front stretching support bar respectively in the described postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube and the pipe of forearm accordingly, and it is not supported to leave first length section from left to right in described three length sections of each arm, from left to right second and the 3rd length section supported;
H. each bending of the bending hydraulic means in left side is rolled and is synchronously started outwards described first length section of top pressure, thereby make it that U-bend song occur, dipper crowding gear is synchronously followed pushing along with the carrying out of bending, meanwhile, the 5th fixture, the 6th fixture, the 7th fixture, the also synchronously accompany movement of the 8th fixture; In the process of pressing on top, the bending hydraulic means in left side to left movement, keeps corresponding to the position of described first length section mid point thereby its bending is rolled under the driving of its walking driving mechanism; When to the right extension limited block of the 4th fixture, and the left extension limited block of the 5th fixture contacts and the right extension limited block of the first fixture and the left extension limited block of the 7th fixture contact, each bending of the bending hydraulic means in described left side is rolled and is stopped top pressure, and dipper crowding gear stops continuing pushing forward;
I. the back support rod telescoping mechanism of dipper crowding gear and front support rod telescoping mechanism bounce back rear retractility support bar and front stretching support bar respectively accordingly, thereby make to stay first length section from left to right in described three length sections of each arm and second length section is all not supported from left to right, the 3rd length section is supported from left to right;
J. the bending hydraulic means in the middle of start top press described in second length section from left to right, until the right extension limited block of the 5th fixture and the left extension limited block of the 6th fixture contacts and the right extension limited block of the 7th fixture and the left extension limited block of the 8th fixture contact;
K. dipper crowding gear makes described support bar, bounces back completely, so that the 3rd length section is not supported from left to right;
L. the bending hydraulic means on right side start top press described in the 3rd length section from left to right, until the right extension limited block of the 6th fixture and the left extension limited block of the second fixture contacts and the right extension limited block of the 8th fixture and the left extension limited block of the first fixture contact;
M. the height of the fixture block of each fixture of aspect ratio of the upper surface of the described passage of described left frame is higher, described crooking of the tubes equipment also comprises ejecting mechanism, after bending machining, each fixture unclamps, retraction is rolled in the bending of each bending hydraulic means, utilize ejecting mechanism, the boiler tube of completion of processing is upwards ejected and the material returned, when the height being ejected when the boiler tube after complete completion of processing is not interfered the fixture block of itself and each fixture, by the upper space of described passage, described boiler tube, to left movement, is withdrawn from described bending apparatus.
In the present invention, on each fixture, adopt extension limited block, thereby made, after limited block contact, can carry out a locking to the shape of moulding, under the effect of follow-up elaboration power, can not impact the shape after precise forming, be cuboid while be columniform fixture and adopted, when having made to guarantee enough clamping forces, can form level and smooth flexural deformation to the boiler tube being shaped again, whole process, on one side in longitudinal direction feeding, utilize bending to roll on one side and do to carry out bending, therefore, it has avoided on the longitudinal direction of boiler tube, producing at processed bending position in prior art the problem of larger linear deformation, and, in process, it adopts unique form processing, feeding on one side, bending is rolled in vertical longitudinal direction and is moved and move in parallel longitudinal direction direction, thereby the relative position relation with institute's crooked position is rolled in maintenance bending, and boiler tube is longitudinally sent under the integrated moving of other clamping devices, therefore, guarantee boiler tube entirety to keep longitudinal direction and by curved bending one by one, whole BENDING PROCESS is continuous, without repeating, boiler tube is carried out to clamping and dismounting, make whole process processing space little, process is short and guaranteed the form accuracy of processing.And multiple fixtures can slide in process, guarantee all the time boiler tube to be had the locking of clamping position in process.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic top plan view of bending apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of bending apparatus after the crooking of the tubes is completed in Fig. 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of the boiler tube shape after bending completes.
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 are the indicative icons about left frame space utilization situation to material returned process.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1-5, the present invention is described in detail.
A kind ofly use bending to roll range sensor and eject the U-shaped furnace tubing bending machining technique of the material returned, it uses a kind of crooking of the tubes equipment, described crooking of the tubes equipment comprises left frame 13 and dipper crowding gear 10, dipper crowding gear 10 is right-hand at left frame 13, centre position, right side place at described left frame 13 is fixedly installed guide rod 15, guide rod 15 horizontal-extending on left and right directions, the left end of guide rod 15 is fixedly connected with described left frame 13, the middle part of the right-hand member of guide rod 15 and dipper crowding gear 10 is slidably connected, in described left frame 13, be provided with the passage that passes and pass through for completing the boiler tube discharging of processing for original U-shaped boiler tube material loading, on described guide rod 15, between described left frame 13 and dipper crowding gear 10, slide and be provided with three bending hydraulic means 9 successively from left to right, the front portion, left side of dipper crowding gear 10 is fixedly installed the first fixture 1, the rear portion, left side of dipper crowding gear 10 is fixedly installed the second fixture 5, the front portion, right side of left frame 13 is fixedly installed the 3rd fixture 4, the rear portion, right side of left frame 13 is fixedly installed the 4th fixture 8, between described left frame 13 and dipper crowding gear 10, be provided with fromer rail and rear rail, described fromer rail straight line between the 3rd fixture 4 and the first fixture 1 extends, and in the time that dipper crowding gear 10 slides along described guide rod 15, the first fixture 1 can slide towards the 3rd fixture 4 along fromer rail, described rear rail straight line between the 4th fixture 8 and the second fixture 5 extends, and in the time that dipper crowding gear 10 slides along described guide rod 15, the second fixture 5 can slide towards the 4th fixture 8 along rear rail, on described rear rail, between the 4th fixture 8 and the second fixture 5, be also provided with slidably the 5th fixture 7 and the 6th fixture 6, on described fromer rail, between the 3rd fixture 4 and the first fixture 1, be also provided with slidably the 7th fixture 3 and the 8th fixture 2, eight described fixtures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 include clip base, internal clamping block 81, 41 and outer fixture block 82, 42, the described internal clamping block 81 of each described fixture, 41 and outer fixture block 82, 42 all relatively arrange along the fore-and-aft direction in the plane of bending when the described boiler tube generation plain bending, and in clip base, can realize contact gripping and separate the action of unclamping, wherein, described internal clamping block 81, 41 all between described fromer rail and rear rail, and be rectangular shape, described outer fixture block 82, 42 are all positioned at described fromer rail and rear rail outside, and be cylindrical shape, the plane of bending of the longitudinal axis of described rectangular shape and cylindrical shape during all perpendicular to described boiler tube generation plain bending, wherein, on the right flank of the internal clamping block of described the 3rd fixture 4 and the 4th fixture 8, be provided with the right extension limited block 83,43 extending to the right, on the left surface of the internal clamping block of described the first fixture 1 and the second fixture 5, be provided with the left extension limited block 54,14 extending to the left, on the left and right side of the internal clamping block of described the 5th fixture 7, the 6th fixture 6, the 7th fixture 3 and the 8th fixture 2, be provided with respectively the left extension limited block extending to the left and the right extension limited block extending to the right.
The middle part of described three bending hydraulic means 9 and described guide rod 15 are slidably matched, each opposed front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder and rear drive hydraulic cylinder of including in described three bending hydraulic means 9, described front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder and rear drive hydraulic cylinder are symmetrical arranged with respect to the longitudinal axis of guide rod 15, the hydraulic stem end of described front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder is hinged with front curve and rolls 91, and front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder can drive front curve is rolled to the 91 bend pipe thrusts that apply forward along the direction vertical with guide rod 15, the hydraulic stem end of described rear drive hydraulic cylinder is hinged with rear bending and rolls 90, and rear drive hydraulic cylinder can drive rear bending is rolled to the 91 bend pipe thrusts that apply backward along the direction vertical with guide rod 15, each walking driving mechanism that all also comprises in described three bending hydraulic means 9, in order to drive respectively corresponding bending hydraulic means 9 to slide into diverse location along guide rod 15, in described three bending hydraulic means 9, the bending of each bending hydraulic means 9 is rolled and is provided with bending near 91 pivotal axis and rolls range sensor, described bending is rolled range sensor and can be detected respectively bending and roll 91 pivotal axis and bending distance of rolling 91 both sides fixtures, described walking driving mechanism can roll according to described bending the position of the range information control respective curved hydraulic means 9 that range sensor provides, to make the bending of respective curved hydraulic means 9 roll 91 centre positions that occupy adjacent two fixtures, it can be for example optical pickocff, hall effect sensor or magnetic field sensor that range sensor is rolled in described bending.
The right side of described dipper crowding gear 10 is provided with front support rod telescoping mechanism 12 and back support rod telescoping mechanism 11, front support rod telescoping mechanism 12 and back support rod telescoping mechanism 11 arrange symmetrically about the longitudinal axis of described guide rod 15, front support rod telescoping mechanism 12 has front stretching support bar 120, front stretching support bar 120 extend in described boiler tube through leaving the left side of dipper crowding gear 10 and can be used in from the right side of dipper crowding gear 10, thereby play support boiler tube and prevent that boiler tube from bending effect occurring not expect, and can under the driving of front support rod telescoping mechanism 12, on left and right directions, move back and forth, back support rod telescoping mechanism 11 has rear retractility support bar 110, rear retractility support bar 110 extend in described boiler tube through leaving the left side of dipper crowding gear 10 and can be used in from the right side of dipper crowding gear 10, thereby play support boiler tube and prevent that boiler tube from occurring not expect bending effect, and can under the driving of back support rod telescoping mechanism 11, on left and right directions, move back and forth.
Described crooking of the tubes technique comprises the steps:
A., U-shaped boiler tube 19 is provided;
B. two arms of described U-shaped boiler tube penetrated respectively to the described passage on described left frame 13 and advance to the right, until the part that described U-shaped boiler tube will be processed stretches out in described left frame 13;
C. described the second fixture 4 and the 4th fixture 8 clamp two arms of described U-shaped boiler tube respectively;
D. dipper crowding gear 10 moves, to make the first fixture 1 and the second fixture 5 clamp respectively the end of two arms of U-shaped boiler tube;
E. the 5th fixture 7 and the 6th fixture 6 clamp the postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube between the 4th fixture 8 and the second fixture 5, and make the 4th fixture 8, the 5th fixture 7, the 6th fixture 6 and the second fixture 5 that the described postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube is separated into three length sections equal in length; The 7th fixture 3 and the 8th fixture 2 clamp the forearm of U-shaped boiler tube between the second fixture 4 and the first fixture 1, and make the second fixture 4, the 7th fixture 3, the 8th fixture 2 and the first fixture 1 that the described forearm of U-shaped boiler tube is separated into three length sections equal in length;
F. the each mid point that makes its front and rear curved roll corresponding each length section in 91,90 described three length sections that contact respectively on described forearm and postbrachium in described three bending hydraulic means 9;
G. the back support rod telescoping mechanism 11 of dipper crowding gear 10 and front support rod telescoping mechanism 12 stretch into rear retractility support bar 110 and front stretching support bar 120 respectively in the described postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube and the pipe of forearm accordingly, and it is not supported to leave first length section from left to right in described three length sections of each arm, from left to right second and the 3rd length section supported;
H. each bending of the bending hydraulic means 9 in left side is rolled and is synchronously started outwards described first length section of top pressure, thereby make it that U-bend song occur, dipper crowding gear 10 carrying out along with bending and synchronously follow pushing, meanwhile, the 5th fixture 7, the 6th fixture 6, the 7th fixture 3, the also synchronously accompany movement of the 8th fixture 2; In the process of pressing on top, the bending hydraulic means 9 in left side to left movement, keeps corresponding to the position of described first length section mid point thereby its bending is rolled under the driving of its walking driving mechanism; When to the right extension limited block 83 of the 4th fixture 8, and the left extension limited block of the 5th fixture 7 contacts and the right extension limited block 43 of the first fixture 4 and the left extension limited block of the 7th fixture 3 contact, each bending of the bending hydraulic means 9 in described left side is rolled and is stopped top pressure, and dipper crowding gear 10 stops continuing pushing forward;
I. the back support rod telescoping mechanism 11 of dipper crowding gear 10 and front support rod telescoping mechanism 12 bounce back rear retractility support bar 110 and front stretching support bar 120 respectively accordingly, thereby make to stay first length section from left to right in described three length sections of each arm and second length section is all not supported from left to right, the 3rd length section is supported from left to right;
J. the bending hydraulic means 9 in the middle of start top press described in second length section from left to right, until the right extension limited block of the 5th fixture 7 and the left extension limited block of the 6th fixture 6 contacts and the right extension limited block of the 7th fixture 3 and the left extension limited block of the 8th fixture 2 contact;
K. dipper crowding gear 10 bounces back described support bar 110,120 completely, so that the 3rd length section is not supported from left to right;
L. the bending hydraulic means 9 on right side start top press described in the 3rd length section from left to right, until the right extension limited block of the 6th fixture 6 and the left extension limited block of the second fixture 5 contacts and the right extension limited block of the 8th fixture 2 and the left extension limited block of the first fixture 1 contact;
M. the height of the fixture block of each fixture of aspect ratio of the upper surface of the described passage of described left frame 13 is higher, described crooking of the tubes equipment also comprises ejecting mechanism, after bending machining, each fixture unclamps, retraction is rolled in the bending of each bending hydraulic means 9, utilize ejecting mechanism, the boiler tube of completion of processing is upwards ejected and the material returned, when the height being ejected when the boiler tube after complete completion of processing is not interfered the fixture block of itself and each fixture, by the upper space of described passage, described boiler tube, to left movement, is withdrawn from described bending apparatus.

Claims (1)

1. one kind uses bending to roll range sensor and ejects the U-shaped furnace tubing bending machining technique of the material returned, it uses a kind of crooking of the tubes equipment, described crooking of the tubes equipment comprises left frame (13) and dipper crowding gear (10), dipper crowding gear (10) is right-hand at left frame (13), centre position, right side place at described left frame (13) is fixedly installed guide rod (15), guide rod (15) horizontal-extending on left and right directions, the left end of guide rod (15) is fixedly connected with described left frame (13), the middle part of the right-hand member of guide rod (15) and dipper crowding gear (10) is slidably connected, in described left frame (13), be provided with the passage that passes and pass through for completing the boiler tube discharging of processing for original U-shaped boiler tube material loading, described guide rod (15) is upper to slide and is provided with three bending hydraulic means (9) successively from left to right between described left frame (13) and dipper crowding gear (10), the front portion, left side of dipper crowding gear (10) is fixedly installed the first fixture (1), the rear portion, left side of dipper crowding gear (10) is fixedly installed the second fixture (5), the front portion, right side of left frame (13) is fixedly installed the 3rd fixture (4), the rear portion, right side of left frame (13) is fixedly installed the 4th fixture (8), between described left frame (13) and dipper crowding gear (10), be provided with fromer rail and rear rail, described fromer rail straight line between the 3rd fixture (4) and the first fixture (1) extends, and in the time that dipper crowding gear (10) slides along described guide rod (15), the first fixture (1) can slide towards the 3rd fixture (4) along fromer rail, described rear rail straight line between the 4th fixture (8) and the second fixture (5) extends, and in the time that dipper crowding gear (10) slides along described guide rod (15), the second fixture (5) can slide towards the 4th fixture (8) along rear rail, on described rear rail, between the 4th fixture (8) and the second fixture (5), be also provided with slidably the 5th fixture (7) and the 6th fixture (6), on described fromer rail, between the 3rd fixture (4) and the first fixture (1), be also provided with slidably the 7th fixture (3) and the 8th fixture (2), eight described fixtures (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) include clip base, internal clamping block (81, 41) and outer fixture block (82, 42), the described internal clamping block (81 of each described fixture, 41) and outer fixture block (82, 42) all relatively arrange along the fore-and-aft direction in the plane of bending when the described boiler tube generation plain bending, and in clip base, can realize contact gripping and separate the action of unclamping, wherein, described internal clamping block (81, 41) all between described fromer rail and rear rail, and be rectangular shape, described outer fixture block (82, 42) be all positioned at described fromer rail and rear rail outside, and be cylindrical shape, the plane of bending of the longitudinal axis of described rectangular shape and cylindrical shape during all perpendicular to described boiler tube generation plain bending, wherein, on the right flank of the internal clamping block of described the 3rd fixture (4) and the 4th fixture (8), be provided with the right extension limited block (83,43) extending to the right, on the left surface of the internal clamping block of described the first fixture (1) and the second fixture (5), be provided with the left extension limited block (54,14) extending to the left, on the left and right side of the internal clamping block of described the 5th fixture (7), the 6th fixture (6), the 7th fixture (3) and the 8th fixture (2), be provided with respectively the left extension limited block extending to the left and the right extension limited block extending to the right,
The middle part of described three bending hydraulic means (9) and described guide rod (15) are slidably matched, each opposed front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder and rear drive hydraulic cylinder of including in described three bending hydraulic means (9), described front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder and rear drive hydraulic cylinder are symmetrical arranged with respect to the longitudinal axis of guide rod (15), the hydraulic stem end of described front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder is hinged with front curve and rolls (91), and front wheel driving hydraulic cylinder can roll (91) to front curve along the direction driving vertical with guide rod (15) and apply bend pipe thrust forward, the hydraulic stem end of described rear drive hydraulic cylinder is hinged with rear bending and rolls (90), and rear drive hydraulic cylinder can roll (91) to rear bending along the direction driving vertical with guide rod (15) and apply bend pipe thrust backward, each walking driving mechanism that all also comprises in described three bending hydraulic means (9), in order to drive respectively corresponding bending hydraulic means (9) to slide into diverse location along guide rod (15), in described three bending hydraulic means (9), the bending of each bending hydraulic means (9) is rolled and is provided with bending near the pivotal axis of (91) and rolls range sensor, range sensor is rolled in described bending can detect respectively the distance that bending is rolled pivotal axis and the bending of (91) and rolled (91) both sides fixture, described walking driving mechanism can roll according to described bending the position of the range information control respective curved hydraulic means (9) that range sensor provides, and occupy the centre position of adjacent two fixtures to make the bending of respective curved hydraulic means (9) roll (91), it can be for example optical pickocff, hall effect sensor or magnetic field sensor that range sensor is rolled in described bending,
The right side of described dipper crowding gear (10) is provided with front support rod telescoping mechanism (12) and back support rod telescoping mechanism (11), front support rod telescoping mechanism (12) and back support rod telescoping mechanism (11) arrange symmetrically about the longitudinal axis of described guide rod (15), front support rod telescoping mechanism (12) has front stretching support bar (120), front stretching support bar (120) extend in described boiler tube through leaving the left side of dipper crowding gear (10) and can be used in from the right side of dipper crowding gear (10), thereby play support boiler tube and prevent that boiler tube from bending effect occurring not expect, and can under the driving of front support rod telescoping mechanism (12), on left and right directions, move back and forth, back support rod telescoping mechanism (11) has rear retractility support bar (110), rear retractility support bar (110) extend in described boiler tube through leaving the left side of dipper crowding gear (10) and can be used in from the right side of dipper crowding gear (10), thereby play support boiler tube and prevent that boiler tube from occurring not expect bending effect, and can under the driving of back support rod telescoping mechanism (11), on left and right directions, move back and forth,
Described crooking of the tubes technique comprises the steps:
A., U-shaped boiler tube (19) is provided;
B. two arms of described U-shaped boiler tube penetrated respectively to the described passage on described left frame (13) and advance to the right, until the part that described U-shaped boiler tube will be processed stretches out in described left frame (13);
C. described the second fixture (4) and the 4th fixture (8) clamp two arms of described U-shaped boiler tube respectively;
D. dipper crowding gear (10) motion, to make the first fixture (1) and the second fixture (5) clamp respectively the end of two arms of U-shaped boiler tube;
E. the 5th fixture (7) and the 6th fixture (6) clamp the postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube between the 4th fixture (8) and the second fixture (5), and make the 4th fixture (8), the 5th fixture (7), the 6th fixture (6) and the second fixture (5) that the described postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube is separated into three length sections equal in length; The 7th fixture (3) and the 8th fixture (2) clamp the forearm of U-shaped boiler tube between the second fixture (4) and the first fixture (1), and make the second fixture (4), the 7th fixture (3), the 8th fixture (2) and the first fixture (1) that the described forearm of U-shaped boiler tube is separated into three length sections equal in length;
F. each in described three bending hydraulic means (9) makes its front and rear curved roll (91,90) to contact respectively the mid point of corresponding each length section in described three length sections on described forearm and postbrachium;
G. the back support rod telescoping mechanism (11) of dipper crowding gear (10) and front support rod telescoping mechanism (12) stretch into rear retractility support bar (110) and front stretching support bar (120) respectively in the described postbrachium of U-shaped boiler tube and the pipe of forearm accordingly, and it is not supported to leave first length section from left to right in described three length sections of each arm, from left to right second and the 3rd length section supported;
H. each bending of the bending hydraulic means (9) in left side is rolled and is synchronously started outwards described first length section of top pressure, thereby make it that U-bend song occur, dipper crowding gear (10) is synchronously followed pushing along with the carrying out of bending, meanwhile, the 5th fixture (7), the 6th fixture (6), the 7th fixture (3), the 8th also synchronously accompany movement of fixture (2); In the process of pressing on top, the bending hydraulic means (9) in left side to left movement, keeps corresponding to the position of described first length section mid point thereby its bending is rolled under the driving of its walking driving mechanism; Contact with the left extension limited block of the 5th fixture (7) and when the right extension limited block (43) of the first fixture (4) contacts with the left extension limited block of the 7th fixture (3) to the right extension limited block (83) of the 4th fixture (8), each bending of the bending hydraulic means (9) in described left side is rolled and is stopped top pressure, and dipper crowding gear (10) stops continuing pushing forward;
I. the back support rod telescoping mechanism (11) of dipper crowding gear (10) and front support rod telescoping mechanism (12) bounce back rear retractility support bar (110) and front stretching support bar (120) respectively accordingly, thereby make to stay first length section from left to right in described three length sections of each arm and second length section is all not supported from left to right, the 3rd length section is supported from left to right;
J. the bending hydraulic means (9) in the middle of start top press described in second length section from left to right, until the right extension limited block of the 5th fixture (7) contacts with the left extension limited block of the 6th fixture (6) and the right extension limited block of the 7th fixture (3) contacts with the left extension limited block of the 8th fixture (2);
K. dipper crowding gear (10) bounces back described support bar (110,120) completely, so that the 3rd length section is not supported from left to right;
L. the bending hydraulic means (9) on right side start top press described in the 3rd length section from left to right, until the right extension limited block of the 6th fixture (6) and the left extension limited block of the second fixture (5) contacts and the right extension limited block of the 8th fixture (2) and the left extension limited block of the first fixture (1) contact;
M. the height of the fixture block of each fixture of aspect ratio of the upper surface of the described passage of described left frame (13) is higher, described crooking of the tubes equipment also comprises ejecting mechanism, after bending machining, each fixture unclamps, retraction is rolled in the bending of each bending hydraulic means (9), utilize ejecting mechanism, the boiler tube of completion of processing is upwards ejected and the material returned, when the height being ejected when the boiler tube after complete completion of processing is not interfered the fixture block of itself and each fixture, by the upper space of described passage, described boiler tube, to left movement, is withdrawn from described bending apparatus.
CN201410131715.0A 2014-04-03 2014-04-03 Range sensor is rolled and the U-shaped crooking of the tubes technique carrying out ejecting the material returned with bending Active CN103861918B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4945751A (en) * 1988-05-27 1990-08-07 Ralph Ireland Re-rod cutter and bender
CN201751032U (en) * 2010-06-23 2011-02-23 浙江嘉兴亚达不锈钢制造有限公司 Pipe bending machine
US20110100084A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 Rusch Christopher J Tube bending machine
CN102825118A (en) * 2011-06-19 2012-12-19 江苏亚光金属制品有限公司 Machine for bending pipe for evaporator into 9 shape
CN103118816A (en) * 2011-01-22 2013-05-22 三樱工业株式会社 Pipe bending apparatus

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4945751A (en) * 1988-05-27 1990-08-07 Ralph Ireland Re-rod cutter and bender
US20110100084A1 (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-05 Rusch Christopher J Tube bending machine
CN201751032U (en) * 2010-06-23 2011-02-23 浙江嘉兴亚达不锈钢制造有限公司 Pipe bending machine
CN103118816A (en) * 2011-01-22 2013-05-22 三樱工业株式会社 Pipe bending apparatus
CN102825118A (en) * 2011-06-19 2012-12-19 江苏亚光金属制品有限公司 Machine for bending pipe for evaporator into 9 shape

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