CN103828431A - Changing the machine-to-machine (M2M) group of an M2M device - Google Patents

Changing the machine-to-machine (M2M) group of an M2M device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103828431A
CN103828431A CN 201180073890 CN201180073890A CN103828431A CN 103828431 A CN103828431 A CN 103828431A CN 201180073890 CN201180073890 CN 201180073890 CN 201180073890 A CN201180073890 A CN 201180073890A CN 103828431 A CN103828431 A CN 103828431A
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CN
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m2m
machine
base station
μ2μ
group identifier
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CN 201180073890
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
S.莫汉蒂
R.黃
H.李
M.M.塔拉德尔
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英特尔公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/08Reselecting an access point
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/18Processing of user or subscriber data, e.g. subscribed services, user preferences or user profiles; Transfer of user or subscriber data
    • H04W8/186Processing of subscriber group data
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/26Network addressing or numbering for mobility support

Abstract

Briefly, in accordance with one or more embodiments, communication is made by a machine-to-machine (M2M) device with a first base station using a first group identifier, and then a handover is performed to a second base station. The M2M device listens to a message broadcast by the second base station to determine if the first group identifier should be changed. The M2M device requests assignment of a second group identifier for communication with the second base station if it is determined that the group identifier should be changed for the M2M device. In some embodiments, the M2M device wake from an idle mode to listen to a message broadcast by the base station. If the message indicates that a group identifier should be changed, the M2M device requests assignment of an updated group identifier.

Description

更改机器到机器(M2M)装置的M2M群组 M2M group to change the machine to machine (M2M) device

[0001] 相关申请交叉引用 [0001] CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

本申请要求具有2011年9月12日提出的美国申请61/533689的优先权。 This application claims the September 12, 2011 proposed priority of US Application 61/533689. 所述申请61/533689通过引用整体结合于本文中。 The application 61/533689 incorporated by reference in its entirety herein.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 机器到机器(M2M)通信系统可涉及网络中定期传送和/或接收较小量数据到远程应用服务器的装置的布置。 [0002] The machine-to-machine (M2M) communication system may involve a network apparatus disposed in a periodic transmit and / or receive a small amount of data to a remote application server. 机器到机器系统有时称为“物联网”,经与基站的无线链路或有线链路,在订户站与核心网络的服务器之间或备选在其它订户站之间交换信息,其中,可执行信息的交换而不要求或涉及人交互。 Machine to machine systems are sometimes referred to as "things", via a wireless or wired link with a base station, between the server station and the core network of the subscriber or alternatively exchanged between the other subscriber stations, wherein the actionable information the exchange without requiring or involving human interaction. 例如,现场数据可由M2M装置采集并且发送回监视站用于进行收集和分析。 For example, field data may be acquired and transmitted back to the M2M device monitoring station for collection and analysis. 在此类示例中,M2M装置可包括停车收费器。 In such an example, M2M device may comprise parking meters. 停车收费器装满硬币并且准备清空时,给定停车收费器可将其状态传送到耦合到网络的监视服务器,在此情况下,操作员随后可走到该停车收费器并且取走其中存放的硬币。 When parking is emptied and ready filled with coins, given parking may be coupled to the monitoring status to the network server, in this case, the operator may then go to the parking is removed and stored therein coin. 在仍有的另一示例中,可部署M2M装置以监视是否存在指定的危险物质,如化学剂、生物剂和/或放射性核,其中,M2M装置包括适当的传感器。 In yet another example, the M2M device may be deployed to monitor the presence or absence of specified hazardous substances, such as chemical agents, biological agents and / or radionuclides, wherein, the M2M device comprises suitable sensors.

[0003] 多个机器到机器(M2M)装置一般编组在一起并且指派有用于群组的共同标识符。 [0003] plurality of machine-to-machine (M2M) devices are generally grouped together and assigned a common identifier for the group. 共同标识符允许一起处理去往或来自M2M装置的群组的数据传送,而不是按给定装置单独处理。 Together with the common identifier allows the processing of data transfer to or from a group of M2M device, rather than by means of a given process alone. 然而,一个或更多个装置时常从一个群组重新定位到另一群组,在此情况下,应为(一个或多个)移动的装置指派新的群组标识符。 However, one or more devices frequently relocated from one group to another group, in this case, should be assigned to the new group identifier for the mobile device (s).

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0004] 在说明书的结论部分专门指出并清楚地声明了所述主题。 [0004] particularly pointed out in the concluding portion of the specification and the distinctly claimed subject matter. 然而,通过参照结合附图阅读的以下详细说明,可理解此类主题,其中: However, with reference to the following detailed description read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, it is understood such topic, wherein:

图1是根据一个或更多个实施例的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,M2M移动台属于第一M2M区域中的第一M2M群组; FIG 1 is a machine according to one or more embodiments of the graphics system to machine (M2M), wherein, the mobile station belonging to the first M2M M2M M2M region a first group;

图2是根据一个或更多个实施例的图1的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,M2M移动台进行了到第一M2M区域中目标基站的切换; FIG 2 is a graphics system machine according to one or more embodiments of the FIG. 1 embodiment to machine (M2M), wherein, the M2M mobile station performs handover to the first region M2M target base station;

图3是根据一个或更多个实施例的图1的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,M2M移动台进行了到在第一M2M区域与第二M2M区域之间重叠区中目标基站的切换; FIG 3 is a machine according to one or more of an embodiment of a graphics system to machine (M2M), wherein, the M2M mobile station to a target base station in the overlapping area between the first region and the second M2M M2M region handover;

图4是根据一个或更多个实施例的图1的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,该M2M移动台进行了到位于第二M2M区域而不是在第一M2M区域中目标基站的切换; FIG 4 is to machine (M2M) system in accordance with one or more machine 1 of the embodiment of FIG pattern, wherein the M2M mobile station located in a second M2M region to the target base station rather than a first region M2M switches;

图5是根据一个或更多个实施例的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,由第一M2M区域中基站服务的M2M移动台进行了到在第二M2M区域中目标基站的切换,其中,两个M2M区域不重叠; FIG 5 is a machine according to one or more embodiments of the graphics system to machine (M2M), wherein the handover target base station is carried to the second region M2M M2M mobile station by the first base station in the M2M zone, wherein M2M two regions do not overlap;

图6是根据一个或更多个实施例,如上面图1到图5所示,示出移动网络运营商和服务使用者的机器到机器(M2M)系统的示例体系结构的图形; FIG 6 is in accordance with one or more embodiments, as described above in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5, there is shown a mobile network operators and users of the service machine to machine (M2M) a graphical example of the system architecture;

图7是根据一个或更多个实施例,用于机器到机器(M2M)移动台在已连接模式中时更改M2M群组的方法的流程图; FIG 7 is in accordance with one or more embodiments, a machine-to-machine (M2M) mobile station change flowchart M2M group in the connected mode of the method;

图8是根据一个或更多个实施例,用于机器到机器(M2M)移动台在闲置模式中时更改M2M群组的方法的流程图; FIG 8 is according to one or more embodiments, a machine-to-machine (M2M) M2M flowchart of the mobile station changes the group when in idle mode process;

图9是根据一个或更多个实施例,能够识别和实现宽带网络中M2M装置的机器到机器(M2M)群组更改的信息处理系统的框图;以及 FIG 9 is according to one or more embodiments, the broadband network to identify and implement the M2M device to machine a block diagram of an information processing system to change the group of the machine (M2M); and

图10是根据一个或更多个实施例,可选择性包括触摸屏的图10的信息处理系统的等距视图。 FIG 10 is according to one or more embodiments, optionally an isometric view of an information processing system including the touch screen 10 of FIG.

[0005] 将理解的是,为简明和/或清晰起见,图中所示元素不必按比例画出。 [0005] It will be appreciated that for simplicity and / or clarity, the elements shown are not necessarily drawn to scale in FIG. 例如,为清晰起见,一些元素的尺寸相对其它元素可能显得过大。 For example, for clarity, the dimensions of some elements relative to other elements might appear too large. 此外,在认为适当时,标号已在图中重复以指示一致和/或类似的元素。 Further, when considered appropriate, reference numerals have been repeated to indicate corresponding and / or similar elements in FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0006] 在下面的详细说明中,为提供所述主题的详尽理解而陈述了多个特定的细节。 [0006] In the following detailed description, in order to provide a thorough understanding of the subject matter and numerous specific details are set forth. 然而,本领域的技术人员将理解,所述主题可在这些特定细节中的一些细节不存在的情况下实行。 However, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the subject matter may be practiced without these specific details are not present some of the details. 在其它情况下,熟知的方法、过程、组件和/或电路未详细描述。 In other instances, well-known methods, procedures, components and / or circuits have not been described in detail.

[0007] 在下面的说明和/或权利要求书中,可使用术语耦合和连接及其衍生词。 [0007] In the following description and / or claims, the terms coupled and connected, may be used and their derivatives. 在特定实施例中,连接可用于指两个或更多个元素相互直接物理和/或电接触。 In particular embodiments, connected may be used to refer to two or more elements are in direct physical and / or electrical contact. 耦合可指两个或更多个元素直接物理和/或电接触。 Coupled may mean that two or more elements are in direct physical and / or electrical contact. 然而,耦合也可指两个或更多个元素可相互不直接接触,但仍可相互合作和/或交互。 However, coupled may also mean that two or more elements may not be in direct contact with each other, but may still cooperate and / or interact with. 例如,“耦合”可表示两个或更多个元素未相互接触,但经另一元素或中间元素而间接联合在一起。 For example, "coupled" may mean that two or more elements are not in contact with each other, but via another element or intermediate elements indirectly joined together. 最后,可在下面的描述和权利要求中使用术语“在...之上”、“叠加在上方”和“在...上方”。 Finally, the term may be used in the following description and claims, "over ...", "superimposed on" and "... in the above." “在...之上”、“叠加在上方”和“在...上方”可用于表示两个或更多个元素相互直接物理接触。 "Over ...", "superimposed on" direct physical contact with each other and "... in the above" may be used to indicate that two or more elements. 然而,“在...上方”也可表示两个或更多个元素相互未直接接触。 However, "... in the above" may also mean that two or more elements are not in direct contact with each other. 例如,“在...上方”可表示一个元素在另一元素的上方,但未相互接触,并且在两个元素之间可具有另一元素或其它元素。 For example, 'above ... "may represent an element above the other element, but not in contact with each other, and may have another element or other elements between the two elements. 此外,术语“和/或”可表示“和”、“或”、“异或”、“一个”、“一些但不是全部”、“两者皆不”和/或“两者皆是”,但所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 Furthermore, the term "and / or" may mean "and", "or", "exclusive or", "an", "some but not all", "neither", and / or "are both Yes", but the scope of the subject matter in this respect. 在下面的说明和/或权利要求中,可使用术语“包括”和“包含”及其衍生词,并将它们视为相互的同义词。 In the following description and / or claims, may be used the terms "comprises" and "comprising" and its derivatives, and treat them as synonyms for each other.

[0008] 现在参照图1,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,M2M移动台属于第一M2M区域中的第一M2M群组。 [0008] Referring now to Figure 1, the machine will be discussed according to one or more embodiments of the graphics system to machine (M2M), wherein, M2M mobile station belongs to a first group of the first M2M M2M region. 如图1所示,机器到机器(M2M)系统100可包括服务于属于第一M2M区域112内第一M2M群组的一个或更多个M2M装置和移动台(MS)的基站110。 1, machine-to-machine (M2M) system 100 may include a service belonging to a first group M2M M2M first region 112 or more M2M devices and a mobile station (MS), the base station 110. 例如,M2M移动台114、M2M移动台116和M2M移动台118可属于已指派有相同M2M群组标识符(MGlD)的群组,该标识符例如可包括独特识别网络实体的域中M2M群组的15比特值,该网络实体指派MGID到一个或更多个M2M装置所属群组。 For example, M2M mobile station 114, the mobile station 116 and the M2M M2M mobile station 118 may belong to the same group has been assigned a M2M group identifier (MGlD), which may comprise, for example, M2M group identifier identifying a network entity distinct domains 15-bit value, the network entity MGID is assigned to one or more of their group M2M device. 网络实体的域可通过M2M区域标识符(M2M_Z0NE_ID)识别,该标识符可通过AAI_S⑶消息广播。 Domain network entity through M2M zone identifier (M2M_Z0NE_ID) identified by the identifier AAI_S⑶ broadcast message. M2M群组可定义为具有诸如共同MGID等共同标识符的M2M装置集。 M2M group may be defined as having a means such as a set of common M2M common identifier MGID like. M2M区域可定义为由一个或更多个基站服务的地理区域,M2M群组和M2M群组标识符在其中有效。 M2M zone may be defined by one or more base stations serving a geographic area, and the M2M M2M group in which the group identifier is valid. 类似地,基站120可服务于属于第二M2M区域122内第二M2M群组的一个或更多个装置或移动台,其中,M2M移动台124可属于已指派有另一MGID的第二M2M群组。 Similarly, the base station 120 may serve one or more devices belonging to the second group of the second M2M M2M region 122 or a mobile station, wherein, M2M mobile station 124 may belong to a second group is assigned a further M2M the MGID group. 在一个或更多个实施例中,M2M系统100可根据诸如802.16p标准等电气和电子工程师协议(IEEE)标准或其任何将来标准或实现操作,但所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 In one or more embodiments, such as the M2M system 100 according to the 802.16p standard protocol, etc. Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) standard or any future standard or implement operation, although the scope of the subject matter in this respect and unlimited .

[0009] 在一个或更多个实施例中,在已连接模式中,诸如M2M移动台114等11211装置可执行从一个基站到称为目标基站的另一基站的切换。 [0009] In one or more embodiments, in the connected mode, such as a 11211 M2M device 114, a mobile station may perform handover from one base station to another base station referred to as a target base station. 视目标基站在服务的一个或多个M2M区域而定,M2M移动台114可能要或不要更新其M2M群组,并且因此可能需要更新其MGID。 Target base station depending on the one or more services depending M2M regions, M2M mobile station 114 may be or not to update M2M group, and thus may need to update its MGID. 应注意的是,M2M群组仅在特定M2M区域内有效。 It is noted that, M2M groups only within specific M2M region. 因此,通常,如果M2M装置从一个基站切换到目标基站,其中两个基站服务于相同M2M区域,则无需更改MGID。 Therefore, in general, if the M2M device is switched from one base station to a target base station, wherein the two base stations serving the same M2M zone, no changes are required MGID. 然而,如果M2M装置从一个基站切换到目标基站,其中,目标基站服务于不同M2M区域,并且不服务于原来的M2M区域,则M2M装置需要更新其M2M群组,且因此更新其MGID。 However, if the M2M device is switched from one base station to a target base station, the target base station serving different M2M zone, and does not serve the original M2M zone, the M2M M2M device needs to update its group, and thus the update of the MGID. 下面相对于图2到图5示出和描述用于此类切换的示例情形。 Below with respect to FIGS. 2 to FIG. 5 shows an example for such situation and described handover.

[0010] 现在参照图2,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例的图1的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,M2M移动台进行了到第一M2M区域中目标基站的切换。 [0010] Referring now to FIG. 2, the machine will be discussed according to one or more embodiments of FIG. 1, the graphics system to machine (M2M), wherein, the M2M mobile station performs handover to the target base station in a first region of M2M. 有时,M2M移动台可执行从一个基站到另一基站的切换,其中,目标基站还位于与第一基站相同的区域内。 Sometimes, the M2M mobile station may perform handover from one base station to another base station, wherein the target base station also located within the same region of the first base station. 如图2所示,M2M移动台114已执行从基站110到目标基站128的切换。 2, M2M mobile station 114 has switched from base station 110 to the target base station 128 is performed. 基站128将其M2M区域标识符作为由M2M移动台114接收的消息中的M2M_Z0NE_ID传送。 The base station 128 to the M2M zone identifier as M2M message received by the mobile station 114 transmits the M2M_Z0NE_ID. M2M移动台114随后比较目标基站128广播的M2M区域信息和其以前的M2M区域信息。 M2M M2M mobile station 114 then the area information broadcast by the target base station 128 and its previous regional information comparing M2M. 由于目标基站128位于相同M2M区域(M2M区域112)内,因此,目标基站128传送的M2M区域信息与原来的基站110的M2M区域信息相同。 Since the target base station 128 is located in (zone 112 M2M) M2M same region, therefore, the area information and the M2M M2M area 110 is the same as the original target base station 128 transmits information. 因此,由于区域未更改,M2M_Z0NE_ID相同,因此,M2M群组不更改,并且M2M移动台114无需更新其MGID。 Thus, since the region is not changed, the same M2M_Z0NE_ID, therefore, does not change M2M group, and M2M mobile station 114 need not update MGID.

[0011] 现在参照图3,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例的图1的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,M2M移动台进行了到在第一M2M区域与第二M2M区域之间重叠区中目标基站的切换。 [0011] Referring now to Figure 3, the machine will be discussed according to one or more embodiments of FIG. 1, the graphics system to machine (M2M), wherein, the M2M mobile station to the first region and the second M2M M2M region handover target base station in the overlapping area between. 第一群组的一个或更多个装置可从一个M2M区域移动/重新定位到另一M2M区域,例如,第一M2M群组的M2M移动台114可从M2M区域112移动到M2M区域122。 One or more devices may be first group / repositioning moves from a zone to another M2M M2M regions, e.g., a first group of M2M M2M M2M mobile station 114 is movable from the region 112 to region 122 M2M. 如图3所示,M2M移动台114可从其服务基站110切换到目标基站130,并且目标基站130位于第一M2M区域112和第二M2M区域122两者中时,发生此类事件。 3, M2M mobile station 114 may switch from its serving base station 110 to the target base station 130 and target base station 130 is located at both the first region 112 and the second M2M M2M area 122, such incidents. 因此,目标基站130位于第一M2M区域112与第二M2M区域122的重叠区中。 Thus, the target 112 and the second base station 130 is located in region 122 overlapping region M2M M2M first region. M2M移动台114执行从其服务基站110到目标基站130的此类切换时,M2M移动台114可侦听从目标基站130广播的M2M区域信息,以了解目标基站130是否驻留在第一M2M区域112的覆盖区域中。 M2M mobile station 114 from serving base station 110 performs the handover target base station 130 such, the mobile station 114 may listen M2M M2M broadcast target area information 130 from the base station to understand whether the target base station 130 resides in a first region 112 M2M coverage area. 在一个或更多个实施例中,第一M2M区域112和第二M2M区域122可在重叠区126至少部分重叠,并且目标基站130位于此重叠区126中。 In one or more embodiments, the first region 112 and the second M2M M2M region 122 may overlap at least partially overlap in the region 126, base station 130 and the target 126 located in this overlap region. 在此情况下,目标基站130可广播第一M2M区域的M2M_Z0NE_ID和第二M2M区域的M2M_Z0NE_ID。 In this case, the target base station 130 may broadcast M2M_Z0NE_ID M2M_Z0NE_ID first region and the second M2M M2M region. 因此,在M2M移动台114移动到目标基站130的覆盖区域,并且接收此广播消息时,它将确定目标基站130属于其当前第一M2M区域。 Thus, when the M2M mobile station moves into the coverage area 114 of the target base station 130, and receives the broadcast message, it is determined that the target base station 130 belongs to a first current M2M zone. 因此,在此类情况下,例如,在M2M移动台114移动到重叠区126的情况下,M2M移动台114在执行从一个基站110到另一基站130的切换时可无需更改其MGID,其中,基站130还在第一M2M区域112中。 Thus, in such a case, for example, the mobile station 114 moves in the M2M case where the overlap region 126, the mobile station 114 M2M executed when switching from one base station 110 to another base station 130 may not need to change the MGID thereof, wherein M2M zone 130 in the first base station 112 also. 应注意的是,重叠区126中的基站130可实际上服务于多个M2M区域,如第一M2M区域112和第二M2M区域122。 It is noted that, in the overlap region 126 of base station 130 may actually serve multiple M2M regions, as in the first region 112 and the second M2M M2M region 122. 在此类情况下,服务于多个M2M区域的基站130将广播用于其服务的所有M2M区域的M2M区域信息。 In such cases, a plurality of service areas of base station 130 M2M broadcast area information for all M2M M2M its service area. 因此,基站130广播用于第一M2M区域112和第二M2M区域122的M2M_Z0NE_ID,该ID在M2M移动台114执行到重叠区中目标基站130的切换时由其接收。 Thus, base station 130 broadcasts a second M2M M2M_Z0NE_ID region 122 and a first M2M zone 112, at which the switch ID of the overlap region of the target base station 130, received by the mobile station 114 in the M2M. 由于M2M移动台114接收用于其原来的M2M区域(第一M2M区域112)的M2M区域信息,因此,M2M移动台114还在相同区域中,因而它无需更新其M2M群组,并且因此无需更改其MGID。 Since the mobile station 114 receives the M2M (M2M first region 112) of the M2M zone information for its original M2M zone, therefore, the M2M mobile station 114 is still in the same region, therefore it does not need to update its M2M group, and thus no change its MGID. 仅在M2M移动台114执行到新基站的切换时已完全退出其原来的区域时,M2M移动台114才需要更新其MGID。 When completely out of its original area to perform a handover only when a new base station in the M2M mobile station 114, the M2M mobile station 114 only needs to update its MGID.

[0012] 现在参照图4,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例的图1的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,该M2M移动台进行了到位于第二M2M区域而不是在第一M2M区域中目标基站的切换。 [0012] Referring now to Figure 4, the machine will be discussed according to one or more of an embodiment of a graphics system to machine (M2M), wherein the M2M mobile station to a region in the second rather than the first M2M handover target base station in a region M2M. 如图4所示,M2M移动台114已从由在第一M2M区域112中第一M2M群组中基站110服务转移到由在第二M2M区域122中新目标基站132服务。 As shown, the mobile station 4114 M2M transferred from the first base station 112 in the first group M2M M2M service area 110 by the region 122 in the second M2M target base station 132 a new service. M2M移动台114侦听由目标基站132广播的M2M区域信息,例如,携带M2M_Z0NE_ID的消息。 M2M mobile station 114 listens for information from the target base station 132 broadcasts M2M regions, e.g., carrying M2M_Z0NE_ID message. M2M移动台114识别目标基站132广播的M2M区域信息指示M2M移动台114现在在新M2M区域(第二M2M区域)中,并且已完全退出以前的M2M区域(第一M2M区域112)。 M2M M2M area information identifying the mobile station 114 indicating the target base station 132 broadcast by the mobile station 114 is now in M2M new M2M zone (second M2M region), and completely withdraw the previous M2M zone (M2M first region 112). 因此,由于M2M区域已更改,M2M移动台114将请求更新或更改M2M系统中其M2M群组,并且与目标基站132进行通信以将其MGID更新成在第二M2M区域122中有效的MGID。 Accordingly, since the area has been changed M2M, M2M mobile station 114 requests to update or change an M2M system which M2M group, and performs communication with the target base station 132 to be updated to the MGID effective M2M MGID 122 in the second region. 为降低或最小化开销,在一个或更多个实施例中,M2M系统100可定期广播诸如M2M区域ID (M2M_Z0NE_ID)等足够量的信息以指定在多个M2M区域之间的地理边界。 To reduce or minimize overhead, in one or more embodiments, the system 100 may periodically M2M sufficient amount of the broadcast information M2M zone ID (M2M_Z0NE_ID) to specify the like between the plurality of geographic boundary regions, such as M2M. M2M移动台114接收来自服务基站110和/或目标基站120的此类广播信息以确定它是否需要更新其MGID和/或更新其M2M区域。 M2M mobile station 114 receives information from the serving base station 110 and / or the like broadcast target base station 120 to determine if it needs to update its MGID and / or update M2M zone. 一旦M2M移动台114已更新其MGID,M2M移动台114便可使用在第二M2M区域122内有效的其MGID,在第二M2M区域122内操作。 Once the M2M mobile station 114 has updated its MGID, M2M mobile station 114 can be used effectively in the second region 122 which M2M MGID, in the second operation area 122 M2M.

[0013] 因此,在一个或更多个实施例中,在M2M移动台114执行从其服务基站到目标基站的切换时,M2M移动台114侦听来自目标基站的M2M_Z0NE_ID信息,该目标基站随后在切换执行后变成用于M2M移动台114的新服务基站。 [0013] Thus, in one or more embodiments, when the M2M mobile station 114 performs handover from a serving base station to the target base station, the mobile station 114 listens M2M_Z0NE_ID M2M information from the target base station, the target base station subsequently after the handover execution for M2M mobile station into the new serving base station 114. 如果来自目标基站的M2M_Z0NE_ID信息向M2M移动台114指示它现在在新M2M区域中,例如,第二M2M群组122中,则M2M移动台114可向M2M系统100请求对应于新M2M群组的新MGID。 If M2M_Z0NE_ID information from the target base station indicating that it is now in the new M2M region, e.g., second M2M group 122, the M2M mobile station 114 may correspond to a new group to the M2M M2M system 100 requests a new mobile station 114 to the M2M MGID.

[0014] M2M移动台114在闲置模式中的情况下,M2M移动台114可在寻呼侦听间隔期间定期醒来以接收携带有关M2M区域的信息的广播消息,来确定M2M移动装置114是否需要更新其M2M群组和/或其MGID。 [0014] M2M case where the mobile station 114 in idle mode, the M2M mobile station 114 may periodically wake up to receive the broadcast message carries the information about the M2M zone during a paging listening interval, the mobile device 114 to determine whether M2M update M2M group and / or a MGID. 在闲置模式中,通过监视从服务基站广播的M2M_Z0NE_ID,和/或通过联系网络以至少在一定程度上基于用于该基站的基站标识符(BSID),了解用于该特定基站的M2M群组边界,M2M移动台114可了解用于诸如M2M群组112等其M2M群组的M2M群组边界。 In idle mode, the serving base station by monitoring the M2M_Z0NE_ID broadcast, and / or network by contacting at least to some extent, based on a base station identifier (the BSID) of the base station to learn a boundary for the particular base station M2M group of , M2M mobile station 114 may be used to understand the M2M M2M group such as a group boundary 112 and the like which M2M group. 在闲置状态期间,可经位置更新过程,例如,经M2M装置启动的位置更新或基站启动的位置更新,或者通过网络重新进入,更改或更新M2M移动台114的MGID。 During the idle state, it may be a location update procedure, e.g., to start a location update by the M2M device or the base station starts a location update, or by a network re-entry, change or update the MGID M2M mobile station 114. 位置更新可基于来自基站的寻呼消息,或者基于以计时器为基础的更新。 Location update timer may be updated based on a paging message from a base station, or based. 例如,M2M装置可在寻呼侦听间隔期间醒来以确定其当前基站是否为原来或以前M2M区域的一部分。 For example, M2M device may wake up the base station to determine whether the current or previous part of the original M2M zone during the paging listening interval. 如果不是,则M2M装置将更新其MGID,并且也更新其M2M_Z0NE_ID。 If not, it will update the MGID M2M device, and also update M2M_Z0NE_ID. M2M移动台114可如何确定它是否以及何时需要更改其M2M群组和/或MGID的进一步讨论在下面相对于图7和图8进行。 How M2M mobile station 114 may determine whether and when it needs to change its M2M group and / or an MGID be further discussed below with respect to FIGS. 7 and 8. 下面相对于图5示出和描述在M2M区域之间无重叠区的M2M系统100的示例。 Below with respect to the example shown in FIG. 5 and described with no overlap area between the M2M M2M zone system 100.

[0015] 现在参照图5,它是根据一个或更多个实施例的机器到机器(M2M)系统的图形,其中,由第一M2M区域中基站服务的M2M移动台进行了到在第二M2M区域中目标基站的切换,其中,两个M2M区域不重叠。 [0015] Referring now to FIG. 5, which is a machine according to one or more embodiments of the graphics system to machine (M2M), which carried out by the M2M mobile station to the first base station M2M region in the second M2M handover target base station area, wherein the two regions do not overlap M2M. 应注意的是,除在图3和图4中所示实施例中M2M群组112和122的区域之间无重叠区126外,图5的M2M系统100大致类似于图1的M2M系统100。 It is noted that, in addition to the embodiment illustrated embodiment M2M group in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 no overlap region 122 between the regions 112 and 126, the M2M system 5 of FIG. 100 is substantially similar to the M2M system 100 of FIG. 在此类实施例中,在M2M区域之间有清楚的边界,使得M2M移动台114执行从服务基站128到目标基站132的切换时,由于在相应基站服务的M2M区域之间没有重叠,因此,M2M移动台114需要将其M2M群组和/或MGID切换到目标基站132服务的第二M2M群组122。 In such embodiments, the region between the M2M clear boundaries, so that when the M2M mobile station 114 performs handover from the serving base station 132 to target base station 128, since the respective M2M zone between the base station do not overlap, and therefore, M2M mobile station 114 needs to be M2M group and / or a handover to the target base station 132 MGID and services a second group 122 M2M. 在任何情况下,M2M移动台114侦听基站广播的消息以确定M2M移动台114是否已更改M2M区域,并且因此需要更新其M2M群组和/或其MGIDJn M2M系统100所确定的。 In any case, the mobile station 114 listens M2M base station broadcasts messages to determine whether the mobile station 114 has changed M2M M2M zone, and thus needs to update its M2M group and / or MGIDJn M2M system 100 is determined. 下面相对于图6示出和描述M2M系统的示例体系结构。 Below with respect to FIG. 6 illustrates an example architecture shown and described an M2M system.

[0016] 现在参照图6,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例,如上面图1到图5所示,示出移动网络运营商和服务使用者的机器到机器(M2M)系统的示例体系结构的图形。 [0016] Referring now to FIG. 6, will be discussed in accordance with one or more embodiments, as shown above in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5, a mobile network operators and users of the service machine to machine (M2M) system in an example system graphical structure. 如图6所示,图6所示体系结构600可用于如图1到图5所示的M2M系统100,其中,体系结构600包括移动运营商(MNO) 610以管理诸如M2M装置614和/或M2M装置616等一个或更多个M2M装置和/或诸如非M2M装置612和/或非M2M装置618等一个或更多个非M2M装置。 6, the architecture shown in FIG. 6 may be used for an M2M system 600 shown in FIG. 1 to 100 in FIG. 5, wherein, the architecture 600 includes a mobile operator (MNO) 610 such as to manage the M2M device 614 and / or M2M device 616 like the one or more M2M devices and / or 612 such as a non M2M devices and / or the like M2M device 618 one or more non M2M devices. 任何情况下,体系结构600可在符合电气和电子工程师协会(IEEE)的网络中实现,如IEEE 802.16网络,如基于IEEE 802.16e网络以实现微波接入全球互操作性(WiMAX)系统的IEEE 802.16p网络,或基于IEEE 802.16m网络以网络实现WiMAX-1I系统的IEEE 802.16p网络,但所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 In any case, the architecture 600 may be implemented in compliance with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) networks, such as IEEE 802.16 networks, such as IEEE 802.16e-based network to implement IEEE 802.16 Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) system p network, or networks WiMAX-1I IEEE 802.16p network system based on IEEE 802.16m network, although the scope of the subject matter in this respect. 在此类实施例中,非M2M装置可以能够根据IEEE 802.16标准操作,并且M2M装置也可以能够根据IEEE 802.16标准,具体而言IEEE 802.16p标准操作,但所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 In such embodiments, the non M2M device may be capable of operating in accordance with IEEE 802.16 standard, and may also be capable of M2M device in accordance with the IEEE 802.16 standard, IEEE 802.16p standard operating specifically, but the scope of the subject is no restriction in this respect . 备选,体系结构600可符合第三代合作伙伴项目(3GPP)标准,如3G系统,或者可符合长期演进(LTE)或LTE-Advanced系统,如4G系统,但所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) alternative, architecture 600 can meet the standard, such as 3G system, or may be in line with long-term evolution (LTE) or LTE-Advanced systems such as 4G system, but the scope of the subject matter in this regard and unlimited.

[0017] 在一些实施例中,M2M装置和非M2M装置均可以能够与移动网络运营商610直接进行通信,并且在一些实施例中,非M2M装置618可以能够经M2M装置616与移动网络运营商610间接进行通信,以便此类非M2M装置618提供M2M服务。 [0017] In some embodiments, M2M devices and non M2M devices can be able to communicate directly with the mobile network operator 610, and in some embodiments, the non M2M device 618 may be capable via M2M device 616 and the mobile network operator 610 indirect communication, so that such non-M2M M2M device 618 provides services. 装置可经作为IEEE 802.16接入服务网络(ASN) 520的一部分的符合IEEE 802.16的基站624,经无线空中接口进行通信。 IEEE 802.16 device may be used as an access service network (ASN) 624 conform to IEEE 802.16 base portion 520, to communicate via a wireless air interface. 接入服务网络620可耦合到连接性服务网络(CSN) 622,网络622可包括一个或更多个M2M服务器626。 The access service network 620 may be coupled to the connectivity service network (CSN) 622, network 622 may include one or more M2M server 626. 随后,M2M服务器626可与M2M服务使用者628耦合,使用者628可经诸如因特网等网络耦合到移动网络运营商610以便M2M服务使用者628经移动网络运营商610接收来自M2M装置和/或非M2M装置的M2M服务。 Subsequently, the server 626 may be coupled with the M2M M2M service user 628, user 628 may be coupled to a network such as the Internet the mobile network operator 610 to the user 628 via the service M2M mobile network operator from the M2M device 610 receives and / or M2M service M2M device. 应注意的是,如图5所示M2M网络的体系结构600只是一个示例网络体系结构,其中,其它类型的网络体系结构可提供以实现M2M系统100,并且所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 It should be noted that the network architecture as shown in FIG. 5 M2M 600 is only one example of a network architecture, in which other type of network architecture may be provided in order to achieve an M2M system 100, and the scope of the subject is not in this respect limit. 下面相对于图7示出和描述用于在M2M系统100中操作的M2M移动台在已连接模式中时更改其M2M群组的方法的示例流程图。 7 illustrates an example of a method is described for M2M mobile station 100 and the operating system to change the M2M M2M group in the connected mode with respect to the following flow chart.

[0018] 现在参照图7,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例,用于机器到机器(M2M)移动台在已连接模式中时更改M2M群组的方法的流程图。 [0018] Referring now to Figure 7, it will be discussed in accordance with one or more embodiments, a machine-to-machine (M2M) M2M flowchart of a method to change the group of mobile stations when in connected mode. 方法700示出用于机器到机器(M2M)移动台在M2M系统中更改M2M群组的方法的一个特定实施例。 A particular embodiment of a method 700 illustrates a method for machine-to-machine (M2M) mobile station change in the M2M group of the M2M system. 然而,在一个或更多个备选实施例中,可通过更多或更少方框实现方法700的各种其它顺序的方框,并且所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 However, in one or more alternative embodiments, other orders may be by various blocks of more or less block-implemented method 700, and the scope of the subject matter in this respect. 在方框710,基站识别位于基站在服务的一个或更多个其M2M区域中的一个或更多个M2M用户或M2M装置。 In block 710, the base station identifying the one or more located in its service area M2M one or more M2M M2M device user or the base station. 随后,在方框712,基站指派M2M群组标识符(MGID)到相应M2M区域中的用户或装置。 Subsequently, in block 712, the base station assigns M2M group identifier (the MGID) to the corresponding region of the user or M2M device. 在方框714,基站定期广播用于给定M2M区域的M2M_Z0NE_ID,以便给定M2M区域内的用户或装置可接收基站在方框716根据那些用户或装置的MGID传送到给定M2M群组中所有用户的多播业务,以及以便M2M用户或装置可根据指派到其M2M群组的资源,传送其业务到基站。 714, the base station periodically broadcasts M2M_Z0NE_ID M2M for a given area, in order to give the user or device within a given base station may receive the M2M zone at block 716 is transmitted to a given user who M2M group or an MGID all device blocks user multicast service, or a user and for M2M device according M2M resources assigned to its group, to the base station transmit their traffic. 随后,如上面图1到图5所示和所述,诸如M2M移动台114等移动台可在方框718执行从当前服务基站到目标基站的切换。 Subsequently, and as shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 5 above, the mobile station 114, such as a M2M mobile station may perform handover from a current serving base station to the target base station at block 718. M2M移动台114随后在方框720侦听目标基站广播的M2M_ZONE_ID以在方框722确定M2M移动台114是否在新M2M区域中和需要新MGID。 M2M mobile station 114 then listens M2M_ZONE_ID block 720 to determine a target base station broadcasts M2M mobile station 114 is in a new area and the need for new M2M MGID in block 722. 如果M2M移动台114不在新M2M区域中并且因此不需要新MGIDJIJM2M移动台114可在执行方框626以便与作为其新服务基站的目标基站进行通信,而不更改M2M移动台114的MGID。 If the M2M mobile station 114 is not new M2M zone and is therefore not necessary to newly MGIDJIJM2M mobile station 114 may be performed in block 626 for communicating with the target base station as a new serving base station, the mobile station 114 without changing the M2M MGID. 否则,如果M2M移动台114在新M2M区域中并且因此需要新MGID,则M2M移动台114在方框724向目标基站请求新MGID,并且随后可使用其新MGID,在方框726继续与作为其新服务基站的目标基站进行通信。 Otherwise, if the mobile station 114 in New M2M M2M regions and therefore require a new MGID, the M2M mobile station 114 in block 724 to the target base station requests a new MGID, and may then use its new MGID, at block 726 and continue as target base station to communicate new services. 下面相对于图8示出和描述用于在M2M系统100中操作的M2M移动台在闲置模式中时更改其M2M群组的方法的示例流程图。 8 below with respect to exemplary methods shown and described for the M2M mobile station 100 operating in an M2M system M2M group change their idle mode in a flowchart of FIG.

[0019] 现在参照图8,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例,用于机器到机器(M2M)移动台在闲置模式中时更改M2M群组的方法的流程图。 [0019] Referring now to FIG. 8, will be discussed in accordance with one or more embodiments, a machine-to-machine (M2M) M2M flowchart of the mobile station changes the group when in idle mode method. 方法800示出用于机器到机器(M2M)移动台在M2M系统中在闲置模式中时更改M2M群组的方法的一个特定实施例。 A particular embodiment of a method 800 illustrates a method for machine-to-machine (M2M) mobile station change in the M2M M2M group when the system is in idle mode. 然而,在一个或更多个备选实施例中,可通过更多或更少方框实现方法800的各种其它顺序的方框,并且所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 However, in one or more alternative embodiments, other orders may be by various blocks of more or less block-implemented method 800, and the scope of the subject matter in this respect. 在方框810,基站识别位于基站在服务的一个或更多个其M2M区域中的一个或更多个M2M用户或M2M装置。 In block 810, the base station identifying a base station located in one or more of its service area in the M2M or more M2M M2M device or user. 随后,在方框812,基站指派M2M群组标识符(MGID)到相应M2M区域中的用户或装置。 Subsequently, in block 812, the base station assigns M2M group identifier (the MGID) to the corresponding region of the user or M2M device. 在方框814,基站定期广播用于给定M2M区域的M2M_Z0NE_ID和其基站标识符(BSID),以便给定M2M区域内的用户或装置可接收基站在方框816根据那些用户或装置的MGID传送到给定M2M群组中所有用户的多播业务,以及以便M2M用户或装置可根据指派到其M2M群组的资源,传送其业务到基站。 In block 814, the base station periodically broadcasts M2M_Z0NE_ID M2M for a given area and its base station identifier (the BSID), so as to be a base station to a user or receiving device within a given region in block 816 according to the M2M MGID those users or transmitting device M2M given to all the users in the group multicast traffic, and so that the user or M2M device according M2M resources assigned to its group, to the base station transmit their traffic. 随后,如上面相对于图1到图5所示和所述,诸如M2M移动台114等移动台可在方框818进入闲置模式中。 Subsequently, as described above with respect to FIG. 1 and FIG. 5, the mobile station 114, such as a M2M mobile station may enter the idle mode at block 818. 随后,M2M移动台114可在方框820在其寻呼侦听间隔期间定期醒来以侦听其服务基站广播的M2M_Z0NE_ID和BSID,以便M2M基站114可在方框822确定如果BSID和M2M_Z0NE_ID已更改,则M2M移动台114是否需要更新其MGID。 Subsequently, the mobile station 114 may M2M block 820 during its paging listening interval wakes up periodically to listen for its serving base station and broadcast M2M_Z0NE_ID BSID, to the base station 114 may determine if the M2M BSID and block 822 has been changed M2M_Z0NE_ID , the M2M whether the mobile station 114 needs to update its MGID. 寻呼可由基站启动以广播寻呼消息(AAI_PAG_ADV)到M2M移动台114,或者M2M移动台114可在寻呼侦听间隔期间定期醒来。 Paging by the base station starts to broadcast paging message (AAI_PAG_ADV) to M2M mobile station 114 or mobile station 114 may periodically M2M wake up during a paging listening interval. 如果M2M移动台114无需更新其MGID,则M2M移动台可与其基站联系并且使用其当前MGID传送数据到基站或者接收来自基站的数据。 If the mobile station 114 without M2M MGID update, the mobile station M2M contact therewith and using its current base station transmits data to a base station MGID or receive data from a base station. 否则,如果M2M移动台114如在方框822所确定的一样需要更新其MGID,则M2M移动台114在方框824向其服务基站请求更新的MGID。 Otherwise, if the M2M mobile station 114 as determined at block 822 needs to update its MGID same, the M2M mobile station 114 at block 824 to its serving base station requests the MGID update. 确定可至少在一定程度上基于当前基站的身份,基站标识符(BSID)和/或基于当前地理位置(至少在一定程度上基于当前M2M_Z0NE_ID)做出。 Determination may be based on the identity of the current base station, base station identifier (the BSID) and / or based on the current geographic location (at least to some extent, based on current M2M_Z0NE_ID) made at least to some extent. 随后,M2M移动台114可在方框826使用其更新的MGID,传送其数据到基站或者接收来自基站的其数据。 Subsequently, the M2M mobile station 114 may use to update its MGID in block 826, the base station transmits its data to or receive data from a base station thereof. 下面相对于图9,示出和描述能够识别和实现其MGID更改的信息处理系统的示例框图。 Below with respect to FIG. 9, shown and described to identify and block diagram of an implementation example of an information processing system which MGID changes.

[0020] 现在参照图9,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例,能够识别和实现宽带网络中机器到机器(M2M)装置的M2M群组更改的信息处理系统的框图。 [0020] Referring now to Figure 9, will be discussed in accordance with one or more embodiments, to identify and block diagram of a broadband network, the information processing system of the machine group M2M machine (M2M) device according to the changes. 图9的信息处理系统900可切实实施如图1到图5所示和相对于图1到图5所述的M2M系统100的任何网络单元或装置中的一个或更多个网络单元或装置。 FIG 9 is an information processing system 900 may be implemented reliably and with a network unit or any means to FIG M2M system 100 of FIG. 5 or more units or devices to the network 1 shown in FIG. 5 to FIG. 例如,信息处理系统900可表示基础设施M2M移动台114、服务基站110、目标基站120和/或M2M群组中任何装置和/或其它基站的硬件,根据特定装置或网络单元的硬件规格带有更多或更少的组件。 For example, the information processing system 900 may represent the infrastructure M2M mobile station 114, the serving base station 110, target base station 120 and / or any M2M group and / or other base stations in a hardware device, in accordance with hardware specifications of the particular device or network element more or fewer components. 虽然信息处理系统900表示几个类型的计算平台的一个示例,但信息处理系统900可包括比图9所示更多或更少的单元和/或单元的不同布置,并且所述主题的范围在这些方面并无限制。 Although information handling system 900 represents one example of several types of computing platforms, information handling system 900 may include more or less elements / or a different arrangement than that shown in FIGS. 9 and unit, and the scope of the subject matter in these respects.

[0021] 在一个或更多个实施例中,信息处理系统900可包括应用处理器810和基带处理器912。 [0021] In one or more embodiments, the information processing system 900 may include an application processor 810 and the baseband processor 912. 应用处理器910可用作通用处理器以运行用于信息处理系统900的应用和各种子系统。 Application processor 910 may be used as a general purpose processor to run applications and various subsystems of the information processing system 900. 应用处理器910可包括单个核,或备选可包括多个处理核,其中,一个或更多个核可包括数字信号处理器或数字信号处理核。 The application processor 910 may include a single core, or alternatively may comprise a plurality of processing cores, wherein one or more of the core may include a digital signal processor or a digital signal processing core. 此外,应用处理器910可包括布置在相同芯片上的图形处理器或协处理器,或备选耦合到应用处理器910的图形处理器可包括单独的分立图形芯片。 In addition, the application processor 910 may include a graphics processor or coprocessor disposed on the same chip, or alternatively, the application processor 910 is coupled to the graphics processor may include a separate, discrete graphics chip. 应用处理器910可包括诸如高速缓冲存储器等板上存储器,并且还可耦合到外部存储器装置,诸如同步动态随机存取存储器(SDRAM) 914以便在操作期间存储和/或执行应用,及NAND闪存916以便甚至在信息处理系统900关闭电源时存储应用和/或数据。 The application processor 910 may include an on-board memory such as a cache memory, etc., and may also be coupled to an external memory device such as synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM) 914 for storing and / or executing the application, and during operation of the NAND flash memory 916 even for storing applications and / or data in the information processing system 900 is turned off. 基带处理器912可控制用于信息处理系统900的宽带无线电功能。 The baseband processor 912 may control an information processing system 900 of wideband radio functions. 基带处理器912可存储用于在NOR闪存918中控制此类宽带无线电功能的代码。 The baseband processor 912 may store code for controlling such functions wideband radio 918 in the NOR flash memory. 基带处理器912控制无线宽域网(WffAN)收发器920,该收发器用于调制和/或解调宽带网络信号,例如以便经基于IEEE802.16p的WiMAX网络或3GPP LTE网络或诸如此类传递。 The baseband processor 912 controls the wireless wide area network (WffAN) transceiver 920, the transceiver for modulating and / or demodulating broadband network signals, for example, to a WiMAX network through the IEEE802.16p based 3GPP LTE network, or the like or transmission. WffAN收发器920耦合到一个或更多个功率放大器922,这些功率放大器分别耦合到一个或更多个天线924以便经WffAN宽带网络发送和接收射频信号。 WffAN transceiver 920 is coupled to one or more power amplifiers 922, power amplifiers are coupled to one or more antennas 924 to transmit and receive radio frequency signals via the broadband network WffAN. 基带处理器912也可控制耦合到一个或更多个适合天线928并且可以能够经W1-F1、蓝牙和/或调幅(AM)或调频(FM)无线电标准,包括IEEE 802.1la/b/g/n标准或诸如此类进行通信的无线局域网(WLAN)收发器896。 The baseband processor 912 may also control coupled to one or more antennas 928 and may be capable of suitable (FM) radio standard by W1-F1, Bluetooth, and / or amplitude modulation (AM) or frequency modulation, including IEEE 802.1la / b / g / n standards or the like for communication in a wireless local area network (WLAN) transceiver 896. 应注意的是,这些只是用于应用处理器910和基带处理器912的示例实现,并且所述主题的范围在这些方面并无限制。 It should be noted that these are merely exemplary applications for the processor 910 and the baseband processor 912 is implemented, and the scope of the subject matter in these respects. 例如,任何一个或更多个SDRAM 914、AND闪存916和/或NOR闪存918可包括其它类型的存储器技术,如磁性存储器、硫属化物存储器、相变存储器或双向存储器,并且所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 For example, the scope of any one or more of the SDRAM 914, AND flash memory 916 and / or NOR flash memory 918 may include other types of memory technology, such as a magnetic memory, chalcogenide memory, phase change memory, or two-way memory, and the subject matter in this respect.

[0022] 在一个或更多个实施例中,应用处理器910可驱动用于显示各种信息或数据的显示器930,并且还可例如经手指或书写笔,经触摸屏932接收来自用户的触摸输入。 [0022] In one or more embodiments, the application processor 910 may drive a display 930 for displaying various kinds of information or data, and also, for example via a finger or stylus, a touch input received from a user via the touch screen 932 . 环境光传感器934可用于检测信息处理系统900操作所处的环境光量,例如以根据由环境光传感器934检测到的环境光的强度,控制用于显示器930的亮度或对比度值。 Ambient light sensor 934 may be used in which the amount of ambient light detector 900 operating an information processing system, for example in accordance with the intensity of ambient light detected by the ambient light sensor 934, for controlling the brightness or contrast value of the display 930. 一个或更多个摄像机936可用于捕捉由应用处理器910处理和/或至少暂时在NAND闪存916中存储的图像。 One or more cameras 936 may be used to capture by the application processor 910 and / or the image at least temporarily stored in the NAND flash memory 916. 此外,应用处理器可耦合到陀螺仪938、加速计940、磁力计942、音频编码/解码器(CODEC)944和/或耦合到适当GPS天线948的全球定位系统(GPS)控制器946,以便检测各种环境属性,这些环境属性包括信息处理系统900的位置、移动和/或定向。 In addition, the application processor 938 may be coupled to a gyroscope, an accelerometer 940, a magnetometer 942, an audio coder / decoder (CODEC) 944 and / or coupled to an appropriate global positioning system GPS antenna 948 (GPS) controller 946, in order to detecting environmental attributes 900 include attributes such environments position, movement and / or orientation of the information processing system. 备选,控制器946可包括全球导航卫星系统(GNSS)控制器。 Alternatively, the controller 946 may include a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) controller. 音频CODEC 944可耦合到一个或更多个音频端口950以便经内部装置和/或经外部装置(经音频端口950耦合到信息处理系统,例如,经耳机和麦克风插孔)提供麦克风输入和扬声器输出。 The audio CODEC 944 may be coupled to one or more audio ports 950 to (for example, the headphone and microphone jacks via the audio port 950 is coupled to an information processing system) provides a microphone input and a speaker output by the internal and / or external devices via . 另外,应用处理器910可稱合到一个或更多个输入/输出(I/O)收发器952,以耦合到诸如通用串行总线(USB)端口、高清晰多媒体接口(HDMI)端口、串行端口等一个或更多个I/O端口954。 Further, the application processor 910 may be bonded to said one or more input / output (I / O) transceivers 952, such as to couple to a universal serial bus (USB) port, a high definition multimedia interface (HDMI) port, a serial a parallel port or more other I / O ports 954. 此外,一个或更多个I/O收发器952可耦合到用于诸如安全数字(SD)卡或订户身份模块(SIM)卡等可选可移式存储器的一个或更多个存储器插槽956,但所述主题的范围在这些方面并无限制。 In addition, one or more I / O transceiver 952 can be coupled to an optional removable memory such as a Secure Digital (SD) card or a subscriber identity module (SIM) card, a memory slot 956 or more , but the scope of the subject matter in these respects.

[0023] 现在参照图10,将讨论根据一个或更多个实施例,可选择性包括触摸屏的图9的信息处理系统的等距视图。 [0023] Referring now to Figure 10, will be discussed in accordance with one or more embodiments, optionally including an isometric view of an information processing system of FIG. 9 is a touch screen. 图10示出切实实施为蜂窝电话、智能电话或平板类型装置或诸如此类的图9的信息处理系统900的示例实现。 FIG 10 shows a practical embodiment as a cellular phone, a smart phone or tablet exemplary type of device or the like, an information processing system 900 of the implementation. 在一个或更多个实施例中,信息处理系统900可包括图1到图5的基础设施节点和/或移动台的任何一项,但所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 In one or more embodiments, the information processing system 900 may include infrastructure nodes of FIG. 1 to FIG. 5 and / or any one of a mobile station, although the scope of the subject matter in this respect. 信息处理系统900可包括具有显示器930的外壳1010,显示器可包括用于接收经用户的手指1016和/或经书写笔1018的触觉输入控制和命令,以控制一个或更多个应用处理器910。 The information processing system 900 may include a housing 1010 having a display 930, may include a display for receiving the user's finger and a haptic input control command 1016 and / or a stylus 1018, to control one or more applications processor 910. 外壳1010可装有信息处理系统900的一个或更多个组件,例如,一个或更多个应用处理器910、一个或更多个SDRAM 914、NAND闪存916、NOR闪存918、基带处理器912和/或WffAN收发器920。 Housing 1010 may be provided with a information handling system 900 one or more components, e.g., one or more application processors 910, one or more SDRAM 914, NAND flash 916, NOR flash memory 918, a baseband processor 912, and / or WffAN transceiver 920. 信息处理系统900还可选择性地包括物理执行器区域1020,该区域可包括用于经一个或更多个按钮或开关控制信息处理系统的键盘或按钮。 The information processing system 900 may also optionally include performing a physical region 1020, through the region may include one or more buttons or switches controlling an information processing system a keyboard or buttons. 信息处理系统900也可包括用于例如以安全数字(SD)卡或订户身份模块(SIM)卡的形式接收例如闪存存储器等非易失性存储器的存储器端口或插槽956。 The information processing system 900 may also comprise, for example, a secure digital (SD) card, or in the form of subscriber identity module (SIM) card receiving slot or port such as a memory like a flash memory is nonvolatile memory 956. 可选的是,信息处理系统900可还包括一个或更多个扬声器和/或麦克风1024和用于连接信息处理系统900到另一电子装置、坞站、显示器、电池充电器等的连接端口954。 Alternatively, the information processing system 900 may further include one or more speakers and / or microphone 1024 and for connecting information handling system 900 to another electronic device, the docking station, a display, a battery charger 954 is connected to port . 另外,信息处理系统900可包括在外壳1010的一个或更多个侧面上的耳机或扬声器插孔1028和一个或更多个摄像机936。 Further, the information processing system 900 may include a speaker or headphones in a housing 1010 or more sides of the receptacle 1028 and one or more cameras 936. 应注意的是,图10的信息处理系统900可在各种布置中包括比所示更多或更少的单元,并且所述主题的范围在此方面并无限制。 It is noted that the information processing system 900 of FIG. 10 may comprise more or fewer than the elements shown in the various arrangements, and the scope of the subject matter in this respect.

[0024] 虽然所述主题已通过一定程度的细节进行了描述,但应认识到,在不脱离所述主题的精神和范围的情况下,本领域的技术人员可改变其要素。 [0024] Although the subject matter has been described with a certain degree of particularity, it should be appreciated that, without departing from the spirit and scope of the subject matter, the skilled person may change its elements. 可相信的是,通过上述描述,将理解与更改机器到机器(M2M)装置的M2M群组有关的主题和/或许多其附带效用,并且将明白,在不脱离所述主题的范围和/或精神的情况下或不牺牲所有其材料优势的情况下,和/或此外未提供其实质性更改的情况下,可在其组件的形式、结构和/或布置方面进行各种更改,本文中前面所述的形式只是其说明性实施例。 Is believed that the foregoing description, it will be appreciated the changes machine to machine (M2M) M2M device group related topics and / or many of its attendant utility, and will be apparent without departing from the scope of the subject matter and / or in spirit or without sacrificing all of its material advantages, and / or provide its addition without substantial changes, various modifications may be made in the form of its components, structure and / or arrangements, front herein the only form of illustrative embodiments thereof. 权利要求的目的是涵盖和/或包括此类更改。 Object of the claims to encompass and / or include such changes.

Claims (24)

  1. 1.一种制品,包括上面存储有指令的存储媒体,所述指令如果被执行,则引发: 使用第一群组标识符与第一基站进行通信; 执行到第二基站的切换; 侦听所述第二基站广播的消息以确定是否应更改第一群组标识符;以及如果应更改所述群组标识符,则请求指派第二群组标识符以便与所述第二基站进行通ί目。 1. An article comprising instructions stored in the storage medium, if the instruction is executed, the initiator: a first group identifier used to communicate with the first base station; performing handover to the second base station; is listening said second base station broadcasts messages to determine if the first group identifier should be changed; and if the group identifier should be changed, requesting assignment of a second group identifier for entry through the second base station ί .
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的制品,其中所述第一群组标识符或所述第二群组标识符或其组合包括机器到机器群组标识符(MGID)。 2. The article according to claim 1, wherein said first or said second group identifier or a group identifier comprises a machine-to-machine combination group identifier (MGID).
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的制品,其中所述第一群组标识符被指派到第一机器到机器(Μ2Μ)区域中的Μ2Μ装置,并且所述第二标识符被指派到第二Μ2Μ区域中的Μ2Μ装置。 3. The article according to claim 1, wherein the first group identifier assigned to a first machine to machine (Μ2Μ) Μ2Μ device region, and the second identifier assigned to a second Μ2Μ Μ2Μ device region.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的制品,其中所述第一群组标识符被指派到第一机器到机器(Μ2Μ)区域中的Μ2Μ装置,并且所述第二标识符被指派到第二Μ2Μ区域中的Μ2Μ装置,其中所述第一Μ2Μ区域与所述第二Μ2Μ区域至少部分重叠。 4. The article according to claim 1, wherein the first group identifier assigned to a first machine to machine (Μ2Μ) Μ2Μ device region, and the second identifier assigned to a second Μ2Μ region Μ2Μ apparatus, wherein the first region and the second Μ2Μ Μ2Μ region at least partially overlap.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的制品,其中所述第一群组标识符被指派到第一机器到机器(Μ2Μ)区域中的Μ2Μ装置,并且所述第二标识符被指派到第二Μ2Μ区域中的Μ2Μ装置,其中所述第一Μ2Μ区域与所述第二Μ2Μ区域不重叠。 5. The article according to claim 1, wherein the first group identifier assigned to a first machine to machine (Μ2Μ) Μ2Μ device region, and the second identifier assigned to a second Μ2Μ region Μ2Μ apparatus, wherein the first region and the second Μ2Μ Μ2Μ areas do not overlap.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的制品,其中所述第二基站广播的所述消息指示在所述第一群组标识符被指派到的第一区域与·所述第二群组标识符被指派到的第二区域之间的地理边界,其中所述指令如果被执行,则还引发响应从所述第一区域到所述第二区域的更改,执行所述请求指派第二群组标识符。 6. The article according to claim 1, wherein said broadcast message indicating the second base station in the first group identifier is assigned to the first region and the second group identifier * geographic boundary between the second region is assigned to, wherein said instructions, if executed, are further changed elicit a response from the first region to the second region, performing the second group identifier assignment request .
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的制品,其中所述第二基站广播的所述消息包括机器到机器(Μ2Μ)区域标识符(M2M_Z0NE_ID),其中所述指令如果被执行,则还引发响应所述Μ2Μ区域标识符的更改,执行所述请求指派第二群组标识符。 7. The article according to claim 1, wherein the second base station the broadcast message comprises a machine to machine (Μ2Μ) area identifier (M2M_Z0NE_ID), wherein said instructions, if executed, are further responsive to said initiator change Μ2Μ area identifier, execute the request assignment of a second group identifier.
  8. 8.一种制品,包括上面存储有指令的存储媒体,所述指令如果被执行,则引发: 从闲置模式中醒来以侦听基站广播的消息;以及如果所述消息指示应更改群组标识符,则向所述基站请求指派更新的群组标识符。 8. An article comprising instructions stored in the storage medium, if the instruction is executed, the initiator: waking up to listen to broadcast messages from the base station an idle mode; and, if the message indicates the group identifier should be changed Fu, the update request is assigned to the base station group identifier.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述的制品,其中所述群组标识符包括机器到机器群组(MGID)标识符。 9. The article according to claim 8, wherein said group identifier comprises a machine-to-machine group (the MGID) identifier.
  10. 10.如权利要求8所述的制品,其中所述基站广播的所述消息包括有关机器到机器(M2M)区域标识符(M2M_ZONE_ID)的信息,其中所述指令如果被执行,则还包括如果所述M2M区域标识符已更改,则执行所述请求指派更新的群组标识符。 10. The article according to claim 8, wherein said base station broadcasts said message comprises information about the machine to the area identifier (M2M_ZONE_ID) machine (the M2M), wherein said instructions, if executed, further comprising if the said M2M zone identifier has changed, it performs the update request is assigned a group identifier.
  11. 11.如权利要求8所述的制品,其中所述基站广播的所述消息包括基站标识符(BSID),其中所述指令如果被报告,则还引发如果所述机器到机器(M2M)区域标识符已更改,则响应所述BSID的更改,执行所述请求指派更新的群组标识符。 11. The article according to claim 8, wherein said base station broadcasts said message includes a base station identifier (the BSID), wherein said instructions, if reporting is also triggered if the machine-to-machine (M2M) area identity character has been changed, in response to the change of BSID, execute the request assignment of an updated group identifier.
  12. 12.—种信息处理系统,包括: 耦合到一个或更多个无线收发器的基带处理器,其中所述基带处理器配置成: 使用第一群组标识符与第一基站进行通信; 执行到第二基站的切换; 侦听所述第二基站广播的消息以确定是否应更改第一群组标识符;以及如果应更改所述群组标识符,则请求指派第二群组标识符以便与所述第二基站进行通ί目。 12.- information processing system, comprising: coupled to one or more wireless transceivers to the baseband processor, wherein the baseband processor is configured to: use a first group identifier in communication with the first base station; to perform handover the second base station; listens for broadcast message to the second base station to determine whether a change of the first group identifier; should be changed, and if the group identifier, the request is assigned to the second group identifier said second base station through ί mesh.
  13. 13.如权利要求12所述的信息处理系统,其中所述第一群组标识符或所述第二群组标识符或其组合包括机器到机器群组标识符(MGID)。 13. The information processing system of claim 12, wherein said first or said second group identifier or a group identifier comprises a machine-to-machine combination group identifier (MGID).
  14. 14.如权利要求12所述的信息处理系统,其中所述第一群组标识符被指派到第一机器到机器(Μ2Μ)区域中的Μ2Μ装置,并且所述第二标识符被指派到第二Μ2Μ区域中的Μ2Μ装置。 14. The information processing system of claim 12, wherein the first group identifier assigned to a first machine to machine (Μ2Μ) Μ2Μ device region, and the second identifier assigned to the first Μ2Μ means two Μ2Μ region.
  15. 15.如权利要求12所述的信息处理系统,其中所述第一群组标识符被指派到第一机器到机器(Μ2Μ)区域中的Μ2Μ装置,并且所述第二标识符被指派到第二Μ2Μ区域中的Μ2Μ装置,其中所述第一Μ2Μ区域与所述第二Μ2Μ区域至少部分重叠。 15. The information processing system according to claim 12, wherein the first group identifier assigned to a first machine to machine (Μ2Μ) Μ2Μ device region, and the second identifier assigned to the first two Μ2Μ region Μ2Μ apparatus, wherein the first region and the second Μ2Μ Μ2Μ region at least partially overlap.
  16. 16.如权利要求12所述的信息处理系统,其中所述第一群组标识符被指派到第一机器到机器(Μ2Μ)区域中的Μ2Μ装置,并且所述第二标识符被指派到第二Μ2Μ区域中的Μ2Μ装置,其中所述第一Μ2Μ区域与所述第二Μ2Μ区域不重叠。 16. The information processing system according to claim 12, wherein the first group identifier assigned to a first machine to machine (Μ2Μ) Μ2Μ device region, and the second identifier assigned to the first two Μ2Μ region Μ2Μ apparatus, wherein the first region and the second Μ2Μ Μ2Μ areas do not overlap.
  17. 17.如权利要求12所述的信息处理系统,其中所述第二基站广播的所述消息指示在所述第一群组标识符被指派到的第一区域与所述第二群组标识符被指派到的第二区域之间的地理边界,其中所述基带处理器还配置成响应从所述第一区域到所述第二区域的更改,执行所述请求指派第二群组标识符。 17. The information processing system according to claim 12, wherein said broadcast message indicating the second base station in a first region of the first group identifier is assigned to the second group identifier geographic boundary between the second region is assigned, wherein the baseband processor is further configured to respond to change from the first region to the second region, the execution request is assigned a second group identifier.
  18. 18.如权利要求12所述的信息处理系统,其中所述第二基站广播的所述消息包括机器到机器(Μ2Μ)区域标识符(M2M_Z0NE_ID),其中所述基带处理器还配置成响应所述Μ2Μ区域标识符的更改,执行指派第二群组标识符的所述请求。 18. The information processing system according to claim 12, wherein the second base station the broadcast message comprises a machine to machine (Μ2Μ) area identifier (M2M_Z0NE_ID), wherein the baseband processor is further configured to respond to the change Μ2Μ area identifier, assigning the execution request of the second group identifier.
  19. 19.如权利要求12所述的信息处理系统,还包括耦合到所述基带处理器的应用处理器和接收输入以控制所述应用处理器的触摸屏。 19. The information processing system of claim 12, further comprising a baseband processor coupled to the application processor and receiving input to control the application processor touchscreen.
  20. 20.—种信息处理系统,包括: 耦合到一个或更多个无线收发器的基带处理器,其中所述基带处理器配置成: 从闲置模式中醒来以侦听基站广播的消息;以及如果所述消息指示应更改所述群组标识符,则向所述基站请求指派更新的群组标识符。 20.- information processing system, comprising: a baseband processor coupled to the one or more wireless transceivers, wherein the baseband processor is configured to: wakes up to listen for messages from the base station broadcasts an idle mode; and, if the message indicates that the group identifier should be changed, the update request is assigned to the base station group identifier.
  21. 21.如权利要求8所述的信息处理系统,其中所述群组标识符包括机器到机器群组(MGID)标识符。 21. The information processing system according to claim 8, wherein said group identifier comprises a machine-to-machine group (the MGID) identifier.
  22. 22.如权利要求20所述的信息处理系统,其中所述基站广播的所述消息包括有关机器到机器(M2M)区域标识符的信息,其中所述基带处理器还配置成如果所述M2M区域标识符已更改,则执行所述请求指派更新的群组标识符。 22. The information processing system according to claim 20, wherein said base station broadcasts said message includes information on a machine-to-machine (M2M) identifier information area, wherein the baseband processor is further configured to, if the M2M region identifier has changed, it performs the update request is assigned a group identifier.
  23. 23.如权利要求20所述的信息处理系统,其中所述基站广播的所述消息包括基站标识符(BSID),其中所述基带处理器还配置成如果机器到机器(M2M)区域标识符已更改,则响应所述BSID的更改,执行所述请求指派更新的群组标识符。 23. The information processing system according to claim 20, wherein said base station broadcasts said message includes a base station identifier (the BSID), wherein the baseband processor is further configured to, if a machine-to-machine (M2M) zone identifier is changes in response to changes to the BSID, execute the request assignment of an updated group identifier.
  24. 24.如权利要求20所述的信息处理系统,还包括耦合到所述基带处理器的应用处理器和接收输入以控制所述应用处理器的触摸屏。 24. The information processing system according to claim 20, further comprising a baseband processor coupled to the application processor and receiving input to control the application processor touchscreen.
CN 201180073890 2011-12-16 2011-12-16 Changing the machine-to-machine (M2M) group of an M2M device CN103828431A (en)

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