CN103815966A - Physiological parameter processing device and method - Google Patents

Physiological parameter processing device and method Download PDF

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CN103815966A
CN103815966A CN201210468544.1A CN201210468544A CN103815966A CN 103815966 A CN103815966 A CN 103815966A CN 201210468544 A CN201210468544 A CN 201210468544A CN 103815966 A CN103815966 A CN 103815966A
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processing
physiological parameter
physiological
according
module
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CN201210468544.1A
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王澄
陈亮
邓卓敏
邵珊鸣
杨志刚
李玲华
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深圳迈瑞生物医疗电子股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201210468544.1A priority Critical patent/CN103815966A/en
Publication of CN103815966A publication Critical patent/CN103815966A/en

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Abstract

A physiological parameter processing device comprises a data acquisition module, a data processing module and an output module. The data acquisition module is used for acquiring physiological parameter according to physiological parameter types in preset processing requirements; the data processing module is connected with the data acquisition module and used for processing the physiological parameter according to the preset processing requirements; the output module is connected with the data processing module and used for outputting physiological parameter processing results. Since the physiological parameter processing results are output after the physiological parameter is acquired according to the physiological parameter types in the preset processing requirements and processed according to the preset processing requirements, labor of medical staff is reduced and the medical staff is assisted to learn conditions of patients within a short time. In addition, the invention provides a physiological parameter processing method.

Description

生理参数处理装置和方法 Physiological parameter processing apparatus and method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及医疗设备领域,特别是涉及一种生理参数处理装置和方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical devices, particularly to an apparatus and method for processing physiological parameter.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 监护设备是用来检测病人生理参数的设备,如心电监护设备、血压监护设备、血糖分析仪、血气分析仪等监测和检测设备。 [0002] The monitoring device is used to detect physiological parameters of a patient device, such as ECG monitoring equipment, blood pressure monitoring devices, blood analyzer, blood gas analyzer monitoring and testing equipment.

[0003] 监护设备的标准6个参数为心电、呼吸、无创血压、血氧饱和度、脉搏、体温。 [0003] Standard monitoring equipment for the six parameters ECG, respiration, noninvasive blood pressure, oxygen saturation, pulse rate, body temperature. 此外可选的参数包含:有创血压、呼吸末二氧化碳、呼吸力学、麻醉气体、心输出量(有创和无创)、脑电双频指数等等。 Further optional parameters comprising: invasive blood pressure, end-tidal carbon dioxide, respiratory mechanics, anesthetic gas, cardiac output (invasive and non-invasive), bispectral index and the like. 监护设备在手术中和手术后都有应用。 And post-operative monitoring equipment has applications in surgery.

[0004] 传统的监护设备通常依据检测到的物理、化学参数计算出生理参数,通过24小时连续监护病人的生理参数,检出变化趋势,指出临危情况,供医生应急处理和进行治疗的依据。 [0004] The conventional monitoring devices is usually based on the detected physical, chemical physiological parameter calculated parameters, the 24-hour continuous monitoring of physiological parameters of the patient, detecting trends noted Threatened case basis for emergency doctors and undergoing therapy. 监护设备的用途除测量和监护生理参数外,还包括监视和处理用药及手术前后的状况。 In addition to the use of monitoring devices to measure and monitor physiological parameters, and further comprising monitoring health and drug treatment before and after surgery. 然而,仅依靠检测到的物理、化学参数直接获得的生理参数已经无法满足监护的需求。 However, only rely on physiological parameters to detect physical and chemical parameters directly obtained guardianship has been unable to meet demand.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 基于此,有必要针对监护设备依靠检测到的物理、化学参数直接获得的生理参数已经无法满足监护的需求的问题,提供一种生理参数处理装置。 [0005] Based on this, it is necessary to rely on physiological parameters detected physical, chemical parameters obtained for direct monitoring equipment can not meet the needs of the care of the problem, there is provided a physiological parameter processing apparatus.

[0006] 一种生理参数处理装置,包括: [0006] A physiological parameter processing apparatus, comprising:

[0007] 数据获取模块,用于根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数; [0007] Data acquisition module for acquiring physiological parameters according to the type of physiological parameters in predetermined processing request;

`[0008] 数据处理模块,与所述数据获取模块相连,根据所述预设处理要求对所述生理参数进行处理; `[0008] The data processing module, connected with the data acquisition module, according to a preset processing requirements for processing the physiological parameter;

[0009] 输出模块,与所述数据处理模块相连,输出所述生理参数的处理结果。 [0009] output module, connected with the data processing module, the processing result output of the physiological parameter.

[0010] 在其中一个实施例中,所述系统还包括设置模块,用于根据用户的输入指令设置所述预设处理要求。 [0010] In one embodiment, the system further includes a module configured to preset the input processing request according to a user's instruction.

[0011] 在其中一个实施例中,所述预设处理要求为预设的处理公式。 [0011] In one embodiment, the processing request is a preset predetermined processing equation.

[0012] 在其中一个实施例中,所述数据获取模块还用于根据自定义的生理参数来源获取生理参数或接收用户输入的生理参数。 [0012] In one embodiment, the data acquisition module is further configured to define the source parameter from a physiological acquisition of physiological parameters or physiological parameters according to user input received.

[0013] 在其中一个实施例中,所述输出模块还用于输出所述生理参数的处理结果随时间的变化趋势。 [0013] In one embodiment, the output module for outputting the results of further processing the physiological parameter trends over time.

[0014] 在其中一个实施例中,所述系统还包括报警模块,用于判断所述生理参数的处理结果出现异常且满足预定要求时,对所述处理结果进行报警提示。 [0014] In one embodiment, the system further comprises an alarm module for determining the processing result of abnormal physiological parameters and the predetermined requirement is satisfied, the alarm processing result.

[0015] 在其中一个实施例中,所述数据处理模块处理生理参数的频率根据所述生理参数的数据的波动情况进行适应性变化。 [0015] In one embodiment, the data processing module processing the frequency of the physiological parameter adaptively changed according to fluctuations in the physiological parameter data.

[0016] 一种生理参数处理方法,包括如下步骤: [0016] A physiological parameter processing method, comprising the steps of:

[0017] 根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数; [0017] The physiological parameters acquired physical parameter of the type of preset processing request;

[0018] 根据所述预设处理要求对所述生理参数进行处理;[0019] 输出所述生理参数的处理结果。 [0018] The processing requirements of the physiological parameters according to the predetermined processing; [0019] outputs the processing result of the physiological parameter.

[0020] 在其中一个实施例中,还包括根据用户的输入指令设置所述预设处理要求的步骤。 [0020] In one embodiment, the process further comprising the step of the predetermined requirement according to a user's input instruction.

[0021] 在其中一个实施例中,所述根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数的步骤为: [0021] In one embodiment, the physiological parameters acquired physiological parameters according to the type of preset processing required in the steps of:

[0022] 根据自定义的生理参数来源获取生理参数或接收用户输入的生理参数。 [0022] Since the physiological source to obtain the parameters defined physiological parameters or physiological parameters of the user input received based.

[0023] 上述生理参数处理方法和系统,通过根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数,根据所述预设处理要求对所述生理参数进行处理,然后输出所述生理参数的处理结果减少了医护人员的劳动,协助医护人员快速掌握病人情况。 Processing result [0023] The above-described processing method and system for physiological parameters, physiological parameters acquired by the parameter according to the physiological requirements of the type of preset processing based on the preset processing requirements for processing the physiological parameter, the physiological parameter is then output reduce staff labor to help medical staff quickly grasp the patient's condition.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0024] 图1为一个实施例中一种生理参数处理装置的结构示意图; [0024] Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of one embodiment of the physiological parameter processing means;

[0025] 图2为另一个实施例中一种生理参数处理装置的结构示意图; [0025] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of one embodiment of the physiological parameter processing apparatus further embodiment;

[0026] 图3为又一个实施例中一种生理参数处理装置的结构示意图; [0026] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a physiological parameter processing apparatus of one embodiment;

[0027] 图4为一个实施例中一种生理参数处理方法流程图。 [0027] FIG. 4 is a physiological parameter of one embodiment of a flowchart of a processing method embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0028] 如图1所示,在一个实施例中,一种生理参数处理装置,包括数据获取模块110、数据处理模块130和输出模块`150。 [0028] Figure 1, in one embodiment, a physiological parameter processing apparatus, includes a data acquisition module 110, data processing module 130 and output module 150 '.

[0029] 数据获取模块110根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数。 [0029] Data acquisition module 110 acquires physiological parameters according to the type of physiological parameters preset processing claims. 这里的生理参数是指已经通过探测人体或从人体取得的样本获得的具有生理意义的测量结果,例如血压等,数据获取模块110通过与血压计等测血压的仪器连接获得血压。 Here refers to a physiological parameter by detecting body measurements have physiological significance has obtained from a sample of human or acquired, such as blood pressure, etc., the data acquisition module 110 obtains the blood pressure by blood pressure monitors connected to the blood pressure measurement instruments. 也就是说,生理参数处理装置不是直接对人体或人体样本中获得物理、化学信息进行处理,而是对已经获得的生理参数进行二次处理。 That is, the physiological parameter processing means and not directly to human or human samples physical, chemical information is processed, but the physiological parameters that have been obtained secondary treatment.

[0030] 这些生理参数可以从监测单机(包括监护设备、血糖分析仪、血气分析仪等监护、监测和检测设备)、信息系统(连接了检测单机)或者其他第三方含有所需生理参数的设备获取,如通过HL7(Health Level 7,医疗信息交换第七层协定)或CMS(Central MonitoringSystem,中央监护系统)协议等。 [0030] These physiological parameters may be monitored from a single (including monitoring devices, blood analyzer, blood gas analyzer monitoring, detection and monitoring equipment), the information system (connected to the single detector), or other third party devices containing the desired physiological parameter acquisition, such as through HL7 (health Level 7, the seventh layer of medical information exchange agreements) or CMS (central MonitoringSystem, central monitoring system) protocols. 下面以监护设备为例,进行说明。 Below monitoring equipment, for example, is described. 通过与监护设备之间建立的通信连接获取实时检测的生理参数,通信连接可以是有线连接或者无线连接,网络环境可以是局域网或者广域网。 Establishing a communication connection between the monitoring equipment and obtain real-time detection of physiological parameters, the communication connection may be wired or wireless connection, the network environment may be a LAN or WAN. 例如,监护设备之间可以遵守TCP/IP协议(TransmissionControlProtocol/Internet Protocol,传输控制协议/因特网互联协议,又名网络通讯协议),通过TCP/IP协议建立基本的通信连接和定义基本的数据交换方式。 For example, it is possible to comply with TCP / IP protocol between monitoring devices (TransmissionControlProtocol / Internet Protocol, Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol, also known as network communication protocol), establish basic communication links and define the basic data exchange via TCP / IP protocol . 网络设备之间还遵守HL7或CMS协议,通过HL7协议或CMS协议进行电子数据交换,可以规范临床医学和管理信息格式,降低医院信息系统互连的成本,提高医院信息系统之间数据信息共享的程度,可以对各种资料的内容进行了统一管理,实现资料内容的有效利用。 HL7 between network devices also comply with the agreement or CMS, via electronic data interchange or HL7 protocol CMS protocol, and can regulate clinical management information format, hospital information system interconnection cost and improve data sharing between the hospital information system degree, can be unified management of various content data, the effective use of information content.

[0031] 根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类对生理参数进行调用,监护设备检测的生理参数可以本地进行调用,也可以被其他设备调用,不同的生理参数种类以不同的变量符号表示,如冠状动脉灌注压CPP、舒张压DBP、左室舒张末期压力LVEDP、心律HR、收缩压SBP、肺小动脉楔压PAWP等,通过在预设处理要求中直接调用变量符号或者名称即可对变量的数值进行调用和处理。 [0031] The physiological parameters for the type of preset processing requirements call for a physiological parameter, the physiological parameter monitoring device may be a local call is detected, the device may also be called by other, different physiological parameters represented by a different kind of symbols, such as coronary perfusion pressure CPP, diastolic blood pressure DBP, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure LVEDP, heart rate HR, SBP SBP, pulmonary artery wedge pressure PAWP, etc., by calling the variable symbol or name directly in the pre-processing requirements can be of variable values ​​and call processing.

[0032] 预设处理要求可以是预设的处理公式,处理公式中包含有计算符号和预设系数等,通过计算符号、预设系数可以对变量数值进行处理,计算得出人体生理指标的相关数据,如下列处理公式为部分预设处理公式: [0032] The processing request may be a preset predetermined processing formula, the formula includes treatment and a preset coefficient calculation symbols, can be predetermined by calculating the coefficients symbol value of the process variable, the calculated correlation indexes physiological data, as in the following equation processing section for the preset processing formula:

[0033] 休克指数=脉搏/收缩压(0.5为正常;=1为轻度休克,说明失血20%~30%;大于I为休克;大于1.5为严重休克,说明失血30%~50% ;大于2为重度休克,说明失血大于50%。脉搏单位为次/分,收缩压单位为mmHg); [0033] Index = shock pulse / systolic pressure (0.5 normal; 1 = mild shock, hemorrhagic described 20% to 30%; greater than I to shock; severe shock is greater than 1.5, indicating that 30% to 50% blood loss; greater than 2 severe shock, hemorrhagic described pulse unit is more than 50% beats / min, systolic blood pressure unit mmHg).;

[0034] 冠状动脉灌注压:CPP=DBP_LVEDP,其中DBP表示舒张压,LVEDP表示左室舒张末期压力); [0034] The coronary perfusion pressure: CPP = DBP_LVEDP, which represents a diastolic blood pressure DBP, LVEDP showing left ventricular end diastolic pressure);

[0035] 心律-收缩压乘积:RPP=HR*SBP,正常小于12000,大于该值说明氧耗增加; [0035] The heart rate - pressure product: RPP = HR * SBP, normally less than 12,000, greater than the value indicating an increase in oxygen consumption;

[0036] 心肌氧平衡指标三重指数:TI=RPP*PAWP=HR*SBP*PAWP,正常小于150000,三者中任何一项增加均可致心肌氧耗增加,其中PAWP表示肺小动脉楔压; [0036] index of myocardial oxygen balance triple index: TI = RPP * PAWP = HR * SBP * PAWP, normally less than 150,000, an increase of any of the three may be increased myocardial oxygen consumption, which represents PAWP pulmonary artery wedge pressure;

[0037] 舒张压时间指数DRTI=(主动脉舒张期均压-LAP (或者PAWP)) *舒张时间。 [0037] The diastolic blood pressure time index DRTI = (aortic diastolic pressure equalizing -LAP (or PAWP)) * relaxation time.

[0038] 数据获取模块110中的生理参数来源可以固定,另外,数据获取模块110中的生理参数来源可以根据需要进行自定义,即数据获取模块110可以根据自定义的生理参数来源获取生理参数或接收用户输入的生理参数。 [0038] The data acquiring physiological parameter source module 110 may be fixed, Further, data acquiring physiological parameter source module 110 can be customized according to the needs, i.e., the data acquisition module 110 may from a physiological source parameters defined acquiring physiological parameters or receiving a user input of a physiological parameter. 本实施例中,在有多个生理参数来源的情况下,可以根据用户自定义生理参数来源获取生理参数,因为部分监护设备之间可能有功能重复,使得获取的生理参数是同一类型,通过自定义生理参数可以避免调用重复数据;并且有时同样的生理参数来自不同的部位,预设处理要求对部位来源可能有要求。 In this embodiment, a plurality of physiological parameters in the source, the source may obtain the physiological parameter physiological parameters, because there may be duplication of function between the monitoring equipment section, so that the physiological parameter is obtained according to the same user-defined type, by self to avoid repeated calls defined physiological parameter data; and sometimes the same physiological parameters from different locations, a predetermined processing request source may have requirements on site. 生理参数来源可以是监测单机或者信息系统,检测单机可以是监护设备、血糖分析仪或者血气分析仪等监测或者检测设备,信息`系统是连接了检测单机的设备。 Physiological parameter monitor source may be a stand-alone system or information, detection may be a stand-alone monitoring devices, blood glucose analyzer or blood gas analyzer to monitor or detect other equipment, the system information is `single detecting device is connected. 某个预设处理要求中的生理参数可以是来自于同一设备或者不同的设备。 A preset physiological parameter may be a processing request from the same device or different devices. 监护设备发送广播数据包,广播包数据中包含有监护设备的设备名称、物理地址或者IP地址等标识,根据监护设备的标识可以识别不同的监护设备,以调用不同监护设备中的生理参数。 Monitoring device sends a broadcast packet, broadcast packet data includes the name of the device monitoring apparatus, a physical address or IP address, etc., may be identified according to the identification of different monitoring equipment monitoring devices, to invoke a different physiological parameter monitoring devices. 当然,也可以直接获取用户输入的生理参数,例如直接输入预设处理要求中的生理参数中的脉搏和收缩压等。 Of course, the physiological parameter may be acquired directly input by a user, for example, physiological parameters input directly preset processing request in systolic blood pressure and pulse rate and the like. 直接获取用户输入的生理参数使对生理参数的处理变得更灵活方便。 Direct access to the physiological parameters of the user entered the process of physiological parameters becomes more flexible and convenient.

[0039] 数据处理模块130与数据获取模块110相连,根据预设处理要求对生理参数进行处理。 [0039] Data processing module 130 is connected with the data acquisition module 110, according to preset processing requirements for processing physiological parameters. 预设处理要求可以是用户自定义的处理要求,例如用户可以自定义生理参数的种类,对这些生理参数的处理公式等;也可以是用户选择的默认处理要求。 Preset processing requires processing requirements may be user-defined, for example, a user may customize the type of physiological parameters, formulas for these processes and other physiological parameters; default processing request may be selected by the user. 默认处理要求如休克指数处理公式、心肌氧平衡指标处理公式等,根据预设的处理要求对生理参数进行计算,按照预设频率调用监护设备的实时参数进行计算。 The default processing requirements such as shock treatment index formula, treatment of myocardial oxygen balance index formulas, etc., according to a preset processing requirements of the physiological parameter calculated according to a predetermined frequency is calculated call monitoring equipment parameters in real time. 另外,获取和处理生理参数的频率可以根据生理参数的数据的波动情况进行适应性变化,先按照预设频率调用监护设备的实时参数进行计算,数据波动频繁时可以相应提高获取和处理生理参数的频率,数据波动平缓时则计算频率相应降低。 Further, a frequency acquisition and processing of physiological parameters may be adaptively changed according to fluctuations in the physiological parameter data, the first frequency is calculated according to a preset call monitoring equipment parameters in real time, and can obtain a corresponding increase in the processing of the physiological parameter data fluctuates frequently frequency, fluctuations in the data corresponding to the calculated frequency is lowered gently. 从而可以减少计算量,节约计算资源。 Calculation amount can be reduced, saving computing resources.

[0040] 输出模块150与数据处理模块130相连,输出生理参数的处理结果。 [0040] The output module 150 is connected with the data processing module 130, outputs the processing result of the physiological parameter. 本实施例中,根据病人信息,如姓名、年龄、性别、床号、病历号等显示相应病人的生理参数的处理结果。 In this embodiment, displays a processing result corresponding to the patient's physiological parameters based on the patient information such as name, age, sex, bed number, medical record number. 并且,还可以支持多病人的信息同时查看。 And can also support simultaneous viewing of patient information and more. 当数据来源于同一人时,处理结果可以单独显示,综合分析;当数据来源于多个人时,则可以区别显示。 When the data comes from the same person, and the results can be displayed alone, comprehensive analysis; when the data comes from more than one person, you can display the difference. 可以是实时地显示数值,根据监护设备的生理参数变化而变化,也可以是以固定的频率显示。 Values ​​can be displayed in real time, varies depending on changes in physiological parameter monitoring devices, may be displayed at a fixed frequency. 显示频率可以根据数值的波动大小自动调整,当数值波动范围小时,减小显示频率,当波动范围大时,增加显示频率,从而减少设备的功耗。 Display frequency can be automatically adjusted according to the size of the fluctuation values, when the value of the fluctuation range, the display frequency is reduced, when a large fluctuation range, increase the display frequency, thereby reducing the power consumption of the device. 可以根据用户的定义显示数据的正常值范围,用来及时进行对比显示,方便查看。 The user may define the normal range display data for displaying the timely comparison, easy viewing. 显示所述处理结果的设备可以是监护设备或者PC机,还可以是平板电脑、掌上电脑或者手机等手持设备,显示的结果可以隐藏到后台,根据用户需要显示出来。 The display device may be a result of the processing of monitoring device or PC, can also be tablet PCs, PDAs or mobile phones and other handheld devices, the displayed results can be hidden to the background, displayed according to user needs. 另外,还支持本地存储或者导出生理参数的处理结果,包括电子的导出方式和纸质的导出方式,如电子打印、纸质打印或者电子数据发送等。 Further, also supports local storage or export processing result of physiological parameters, including electronic and paper export manner export manner, electronic printing, the print paper or electronic data transmission and the like.

[0041] 上述生理参数处理装置,通过根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数,根据所述预设处理要求对所述生理参数进行处理,然后输出所述生理参数的处理结果减少了医护人员的劳动,协助医护人员快速掌握病人情况。 [0041] The physiological parameter processing apparatus, by obtaining the type of physiological parameters based on the physiological parameters of the preset processing requirements, processing requirements according to the preset parameters of the physiological process, and then outputs the processing result of the physiological parameter is reduced medical staff working to help medical staff quickly grasp the patient's condition.

[0042] 进一步的,输出模块150还可以输出生理参数的处理结果随时间的变化趋势。 [0042] Further, the output module 150 may also output the processing result of the physiological parameter trends over time. 本实施例中,根据用户预设的时间范围或者默认时间范围,显示生理参数的处理结果的变化趋势。 In this embodiment, the user or a default time period preset time, the processing result display trends of physiological parameters. 变化趋势可以是变化趋势图,如条形统计图、扇形统计图、折线统计图、网状统计图、直方图,变化趋势图根据实时的处理结果实时更新显示。 Trend may vary trend, as a bar chart, a fan chart, line chart, a mesh charts, histograms, trend FIG updated in real time according to the real-time display of the processing result. 趋势图可根据用户的定义标示参数正常范围以及时间范围。 Trend parameters may indicate a normal range and a time range in accordance with a user definition. 在其他实施例中,也可以只输出当前的处理结果,而不输出变化趋势。 In other embodiments, may output only the result of the present process, without the output voltage changes.

[0043] 如图2所示,上述生理参数处理装置还包括报警模块170。 [0043] As shown in FIG 2, the above-described physiological parameter processing device further comprises an alarm module 170. 报警模块170与数据处理模块130相连,判断所述生理参数的处理结果出现异常且满足预定要求时,对所述处理结果进行报警提示。 The alarm module 170 connected with the data processing module 130, the physiological parameter is determined abnormal and the processing result of the predetermined requirement is satisfied, the alarm processing result. 本实施例中,对生理参数的处理结果进行实时判断,判断处理结果的数值是否出现异常;该预设要求可以是出现异常的时间要求或是次数要求。 In this embodiment, the processing result of the real-time determination of physiological parameters, the numerical processing result of determination is abnormal; the predetermined requirement may be a time or abnormal requirements required number of times. 满足预设要求才报警,可以对极个别的异常不进行报警处理,如果异常情况超过预设的时间或者次数,也就是说只有持续异常,才说明是真正的异常,避免对偶然因素出现的误测进行报警。 Meet the requirements before the preset alarm, in rare cases, can not be abnormal alarm processing, if unusual circumstances exceeds a preset time or frequency that is sustained only exception was explained that a true exception to avoid misuse of the causal factors appear test alarm. 如,人的休克指数0.5为正常,I为轻度休克,大于I为休克,大于1.5为严重休克,大于2为重度休克,可以根据不同的异常等级进行相应的报警提示。 For example, human normal shock index is 0.5, I is a mild shock, shock is greater than I, 1.5 is greater than a severe shock, severe shock is greater than 2, it may be appropriate depending on the abnormality alarm levels. 报警提示的可以是通过声音提示,也可以是通过画面闪烁提示,或者二者的结合。 The alarm may be prompted by a sound, flashing may be prompted by a screen, or a combination thereof. 当然,也可以省略报警模块170不进行报警提示,只输出处理结果。 Of course, the alarm module 170 may be omitted without alarm, only outputs the processing result.

[0044] 如图3所示,上述生理参数处理装置还包括设置模块190。 [0044] As shown in FIG. 3, the above-described apparatus further comprises a physiological parameter processing module 190 is provided. 设置模块190根据用户的输入指令设置预设处理要求。 Setting module 190 is provided in accordance with a predetermined processing request instruction input of the user. 本实施例中,用户预设的输入指令包括用户编辑的处理公式、用户定义变量类型、变量范围和/或来源等,用户编辑的处理公式可以包括对生理参数进行调用的变量、计算符号、计算系数、计算单位以及对生理参数进行计算的公式等,计算符号可以是字母或者字母与数字的组合形成的函数符号、加、减、乘、除、大括号、小括号或者等于等符号。 In this embodiment, the user inputs an instruction comprises a predetermined processing equation for the user to edit, the user-defined variable type, variable range and / or other sources, the process may include a user to edit the formula to variable physiological parameters invoked calculated symbols, calculate coefficient calculating unit for other physiological parameters and the equation is calculated, the calculation may be a function symbol or symbol combination of letters and numbers letters formed, add, subtract, multiply, divide, braces, symbols such as parentheses or equal. 可以根据用户选择的默认处理要求或者选择用户输入的处理要求获取生理参数。 Or may require user input selection processing of the physiological parameters acquired default user selected processing requirements. 用户输入的处理要求可以保存下来,用于下次选用。 Processing request input by the user can be saved for the next selection. 对用户输入的处理要求也可以进行多次编辑和保存。 To handle situations requiring user input can also be edited and saved several times.

[0045] 上述生理参数处理装置可以用专用的硬件设备来实现,也可以以计算机程序的形式安装在具有处理能力的设备中来实现,例如安装在监护设备、检测设备甚至是普通的计算机、智能手机中等。 [0045] The physiological parameter processing apparatus may be a special hardware to implement, it may be mounted in the form of a computer program implemented in a device having processing capabilities, such as installing the monitoring equipment, testing equipment even ordinary computer, smart medium phone.

[0046] 此外,还提供一种生理参数处理方法,如图4所示,包括如下步骤: [0046] In addition, the physiological parameter is also provided a processing method shown in FIG. 4, comprising the steps of:

[0047] 步骤S110,根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数。 [0047] Step S110, the acquisition of physiological parameters according to the type of physiological parameter preset processing claims. 这里的生理参数是指已经通过探测人体或从人体取得的样本获得的具有生理意义的测量结果,例如血压等。 Here refers to a physiological parameter by detecting body measurements have physiological significance has obtained from a sample of human or acquired, such as blood pressure and the like. 也就是说,生理参数处理方法不是直接对人体或人体样本中获得物理、化学信息进行处理,而是对已经获得的生理参数进行二次处理。 In other words, the physiological parameter processing methods are not directly on the human body or human samples in physics, chemistry, information processing, but the physiological parameters that have been acquired secondary treatment.

[0048] 这些生理参数可以从监测单机(包括监护设备、血糖分析仪、血气分析仪等监护、监测和检测设备)、信息系统(连接了检测单机)或者其他第三方含有所需生理参数的设备获取,如通过HL7(Health Level 7,医疗信息交换第七层协定)或CMS(Central MonitoringSystem,中央监护系统)协议等。 [0048] These physiological parameters may be monitored from a single (including monitoring devices, blood analyzer, blood gas analyzer monitoring, detection and monitoring equipment), the information system (connected to the single detector), or other third party devices containing the desired physiological parameter acquisition, such as through HL7 (health Level 7, the seventh layer of medical information exchange agreements) or CMS (central MonitoringSystem, central monitoring system) protocols. 下面以监护设备为例,进行说明。 Below monitoring equipment, for example, is described. 通过与监护设备之间建立的通信连接获取实时检测的生理参数,通信连接可以是有线连接或者无线连接,网络环境可以是局域网或者广域网。 Establishing a communication connection between the monitoring equipment and obtain real-time detection of physiological parameters, the communication connection may be wired or wireless connection, the network environment may be a LAN or WAN. 例如,监护设备之间可以遵守TCP/IP协议(TransmissionControlProtocol/Internet Protocol,传输控制协议/因特网互联协议,又名网络通讯协议),通过TCP/IP协议建立基本的通信连接和定义基本的数据交换方式。 For example, it is possible to comply with TCP / IP protocol between monitoring devices (TransmissionControlProtocol / Internet Protocol, Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol, also known as network communication protocol), establish basic communication links and define the basic data exchange via TCP / IP protocol . 网络设备之间还遵守HL7或CMS协议,通过HL7协议或CMS协议进行电子数据交换,可以规范临床医学和管理信息格式,降低医院信息系统互连的成本,提高医院信息系统之间数据信息共享的程度,可以对各种资料的内容进行了统一管理,实现资料内容的有效利用。 HL7 between network devices also comply with the agreement or CMS, via electronic data interchange or HL7 protocol CMS protocol, and can regulate clinical management information format, hospital information system interconnection cost and improve data sharing between the hospital information system degree, can be unified management of various content data, the effective use of information content.

[0049] 根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类对生理参数进行调用,监护设备检测的生理参数可以本地进行调用,也可以被其他设备调用,不同的生理参数种类以不同的变量符号表示,如冠状动脉灌注压CPP、舒张压DBP、左室舒张末期压力LVEDP、心律HR、收缩压SBP、肺小动脉楔压PAWP等,通过在预设处理要求中直接调用变量符号或者名称即可对变量的数值进行调用和处理。 [0049] The physiological parameters according to the type of preset processing requirements call for a physiological parameter, the physiological parameter monitoring device may be a local call is detected, the device may also be called by other, different physiological parameters represented by a different kind of symbols, such as coronary perfusion pressure CPP, diastolic blood pressure DBP, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure LVEDP, heart rate HR, SBP SBP, pulmonary artery wedge pressure PAWP, etc., by calling the variable symbol or name directly in the pre-processing requirements can be of variable values ​​and call processing.

[0050] 预设处理要求可以是预设的处理公式,处理公式中包含有计算符号和预设系数等,通过计算符号、预设系数可以对变量数值进行处理,计算得出人体生理指标的相关数据,如下列处理公式为部分预设处理公式: [0050] The processing request may be a preset predetermined processing formula, the formula includes treatment and a preset coefficient calculation symbols, can be predetermined by calculating the coefficients symbol value of the process variable, the calculated correlation indexes physiological data, as in the following equation processing section for the preset processing formula:

[0051] 休克指数=脉搏/收缩压(0.5为正常;=1为轻度休克,说明失血20%~30%;大于I为休克;大于1.5为严重休克,说明失血30%~50% ;大于2为重度休克,说明失血大于50%。脉搏单位为次/分,收缩压单`位为mmHg); [0051] Index = shock pulse / systolic pressure (0.5 normal; 1 = mild shock, hemorrhagic described 20% to 30%; greater than I to shock; severe shock is greater than 1.5, indicating that 30% to 50% blood loss; greater than 2 severe shock, hemorrhagic described pulse unit is more than 50% beats / min, systolic single bit is `mmHg).;

[0052] 冠状动脉灌注压:CPP=DBP-LVEDP,其中DBP表示舒张压,LVEDP表示左室舒张末期压力); [0052] The coronary perfusion pressure: CPP = DBP-LVEDP, which represents the diastolic blood pressure DBP, LVEDP showing left ventricular end diastolic pressure);

[0053] 心律-收缩压乘积:RPP=HR*SBP,正常小于12000,大于该值说明氧耗增加; [0053] heart rate - pressure product: RPP = HR * SBP, normally less than 12,000, greater than the value indicating an increase in oxygen consumption;

[0054] 心肌氧平衡指标三重指数:TI=RPP*PAWP=HR*SBP*PAWP,正常小于150000,三者中任何一项增加均可致心肌氧耗增加,其中PAWP表示肺小动脉楔压; [0054] index of myocardial oxygen balance triple index: TI = RPP * PAWP = HR * SBP * PAWP, normally less than 150,000, an increase of any of the three may be increased myocardial oxygen consumption, which represents PAWP pulmonary artery wedge pressure;

[0055] 舒张压时间指数DRTI=(主动脉舒张期均压-LAP (或者PAWP)) *舒张时间。 [0055] The diastolic blood pressure time index DRTI = (aortic diastolic pressure equalizing -LAP (or PAWP)) * relaxation time.

[0056] 上述步骤S110中的生理参数来源可以固定,另外,上述步骤S110中的生理参数来源可以根据需要进行自定义,即上述步骤SllO为根据自定义的生理参数来源获取生理参数或接收用户输入的生理参数。 [0056] The physiological parameters sources above step S110 may be fixed, additionally, the physiological parameters of the source of the above-described step S110 can be customized according to the needs, i.e. the above-described step SllO according since the physiological source parameters defined acquiring physiological parameters or receiving user input the physiological parameters. 本实施例中,在有多个生理参数来源的情况下,可以根据用户自定义生理参数来源获取生理参数,因为部分监护设备之间可能有功能重复,使得获取的生理参数是同一类型,通过自定义生理参数可以避免调用重复数据;并且有时同样的生理参数来自不同的部位,预设处理要求对部位来源可能有要求。 In this embodiment, a plurality of physiological parameters in the source, the source may obtain the physiological parameter physiological parameters, because there may be duplication of function between the monitoring equipment section, so that the physiological parameter is obtained according to the same user-defined type, by self to avoid repeated calls defined physiological parameter data; and sometimes the same physiological parameters from different locations, a predetermined processing request source may have requirements on site. 生理参数来源可以是监测单机或者信息系统,检测单机可以是监护设备、血糖分析仪或者血气分析仪等监测或者检测设备,信息系统是连接了检测单机的设备。 Physiological parameter monitor source may be a stand-alone system or information, detection may be a stand-alone monitoring devices, blood glucose analyzer or blood gas analyzer to monitor or detect other equipment, information system is a stand-alone device connected to the detector. 某个预设处理要求中的生理参数可以是来自于同一设备或者不同的设备。 A preset physiological parameter may be a processing request from the same device or different devices. 监护设备发送广播数据包,广播包数据中包含有监护设备的设备名称、物理地址或者IP地址等标识,根据监护设备的标识可以识别不同的监护设备,以调用不同监护设备中的生理参数。 Monitoring device sends a broadcast packet, broadcast packet data includes the name of the device monitoring apparatus, a physical address or IP address, etc., may be identified according to the identification of different monitoring equipment monitoring devices, to invoke a different physiological parameter monitoring devices. 当然,也可以直接获取用户输入的生理参数,例如直接输入预设处理要求中的生理参数中的脉搏和收缩压等。 Of course, the physiological parameter may be acquired directly input by a user, for example, physiological parameters input directly preset processing request in systolic blood pressure and pulse rate and the like. 直接获取用户输入的生理参数使对生理参数的处理变得更灵活方便。 Direct access to the physiological parameters of the user entered the process of physiological parameters becomes more flexible and convenient.

[0057] 步骤S130,根据预设处理要求对生理参数进行处理。 [0057] step S130, the processing of the physiological parameters according to a preset processing requirements. 预设处理要求可以是用户自定义的处理要求,例如用户可以自定义生理参数的种类,对这些生理参数的处理公式等;也可以是用户选择的默认处理要求。 Preset processing requires processing requirements may be user-defined, for example, a user may customize the type of physiological parameters, formulas for these processes and other physiological parameters; default processing request may be selected by the user. 默认处理要求如休克指数处理公式、心肌氧平衡指标处理公式等,根据预设的处理要求对生理参数进行计算,按照预设频率调用监护设备的实时参数进行计算。 The default processing requirements such as shock treatment index formula, treatment of myocardial oxygen balance index formulas, etc., according to a preset processing requirements of the physiological parameter calculated according to a predetermined frequency is calculated call monitoring equipment parameters in real time. 另外,获取和处理生理参数的频率可以根据生理参数的数据的波动情况进行适应性变化,先按照预设频率调用监护设备的实时参数进行计算,数据波动频繁时可以相应提高获取和处理生理参数的频率,数据波动平缓时则计算频率相应降低。 Further, a frequency acquisition and processing of physiological parameters may be adaptively changed according to fluctuations in the physiological parameter data, the first frequency is calculated according to a preset call monitoring equipment parameters in real time, and can obtain a corresponding increase in the processing of the physiological parameter data fluctuates frequently frequency, fluctuations in the data corresponding to the calculated frequency is lowered gently. 从而可以减少计算量,节约计算资源。 Calculation amount can be reduced, saving computing resources.

[0058] 步骤S150,输出生理参数的处理结果。 [0058] step S150, the processing result outputted physiological parameters. 本实施例中,根据病人信息,如姓名、年龄、性别、床号、病历号等显示相应病人的生理参数的处理结果。 In this embodiment, displays a processing result corresponding to the patient's physiological parameters based on the patient information such as name, age, sex, bed number, medical record number. 并且,还可以支持多病人的信息同时查看。 And can also support simultaneous viewing of patient information and more. 当数据来源于同一人时,处理结果可以单独显示,综合分析;当数据来源于多个人时,则可以区别显示。 When the data comes from the same person, and the results can be displayed alone, comprehensive analysis; when the data comes from more than one person, you can display the difference. 可以是实时地显示数值,根据监护设备的生理参数变化而变化,也可以是以固定的频率显示。 Values ​​can be displayed in real time, varies depending on changes in physiological parameter monitoring devices, may be displayed at a fixed frequency. 显示频率可以根据数值的波动大小自动调整,当数值波动范围小时,减小显示频率,当波动范围大时,增加显示频率,从而减少设备的功耗。 Display frequency can be automatically adjusted according to the size of the fluctuation values, when the value of the fluctuation range, the display frequency is reduced, when a large fluctuation range, increase the display frequency, thereby reducing the power consumption of the device. 可以根据用户的定义显示数据的正常值范围,用来及时进行对比显示,方便查看。 The user may define the normal range display data for displaying the timely comparison, easy viewing. 显示所述处理结果的设备可以是监护设备或者PC机,还可以是平板电脑、掌上电脑或者手机等手持设备,显示的结果可以隐藏到后台,根据用户需要显示出来。 The display device may be a result of the processing of monitoring device or PC, can also be tablet PCs, PDAs or mobile phones and other handheld devices, the displayed results can be hidden to the background, displayed according to user needs. 另外,还支持本地存储或者导出生理参数的处理结果,包括电子的导出方式和纸质的导出方式,如电子打印、纸质打印或者电子数据发送等。 Further, also supports local storage or export processing result of physiological parameters, including electronic and paper export manner export manner, electronic printing, the print paper or electronic data transmission and the like.

[0059] 上述生理参数处理方法,通过根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数,根据所述预设处理要求对所述生理参数进行处理,然后输出所述生理参数的处理结果减少了医护人员的劳动,协助医护人员快速掌握病人情况。 [0059] The physiological parameter processing method, by obtaining a physiological parameter according to the type of physiological parameters in predetermined processing requirements, processing requirements according to the preset parameters of the physiological process, and then outputs the processing result of decreased physiological parameter medical staff working to help medical staff quickly grasp the patient's condition.

[0060] 进一步的,上述步骤S150为输出生理参数的处理结果随时间的变化趋势。 [0060] Further, the above-described step S150 is the processing result output change of the physiological parameter over time. 本实施例中,根据用户预设的时间范围或者默认时间范围,显示生理参数的处理结果的变化趋势。 In this embodiment, the user or a default time period preset time, the processing result display trends of physiological parameters. 变化趋势可以是变化趋势图,如条形统计图、扇形统计图、折线统计图、网状统计图、直方图,变化趋势图根据实时的处理结果实时更新显示。 Trend may vary trend, as a bar chart, a fan chart, line chart, a mesh charts, histograms, trend FIG updated in real time according to the real-time display of the processing result. 趋势图可根据用户的定义标示参数正常范围以及时间范围。 Trend parameters may indicate a normal range and a time range in accordance with a user definition. 在其他实施例中,也可以只输出当前的处理结果,而不输出变化趋势。 In other embodiments, may output only the result of the present process, without the output voltage changes.

[0061] 另外,上述步骤S150之后还包括判断所述生理参数的处理结果出现异常且满足预定要求时,对所述处理结果进行报警提示。 [0061] Further, the above-described processing after step S150 further includes determining whether the result of abnormal physiological parameter and the predetermined requirement is satisfied, the alarm processing result. 本实施例中,对生理参数的处理结果进行实时判断,判断处理结果的数值是否出现异常;该预设要求可以是出现异常的时间要求或是次数要求。 In this embodiment, the processing result of the real-time determination of physiological parameters, the numerical processing result of determination is abnormal; the predetermined requirement may be a time or abnormal requirements required number of times. 满足预设要求才报警,可以对极个别的异常不进行报警处理,如果异常情况超过预设的时间或者次数,也就是说只有持续异常,才说明是真正的异常,避免对偶然因素出现的误测进行报警。 Meet the requirements before the preset alarm, in rare cases, can not be abnormal alarm processing, if unusual circumstances exceeds a preset time or frequency that is sustained only exception was explained that a true exception to avoid misuse of the causal factors appear test alarm. 如,人的休克指数0.5为正常,I为轻度休克,大于I为休克,大于1.5为严重休克,大于2为重度休克,可以根据不同的异常等级进行相应的报警提示。 For example, human normal shock index is 0.5, I is a mild shock, shock is greater than I, 1.5 is greater than a severe shock, severe shock is greater than 2, it may be appropriate depending on the abnormality alarm levels. 报警提示的可以是通过声音提示,也可以是通过画面闪烁提示,或者二者的结合。 The alarm may be prompted by a sound, flashing may be prompted by a screen, or a combination thereof. 当然,也可以不进行报警提示,只输出处理结果。 Of course, the alarm may not be performed, only the output of the processing result.

[0062] 在另一个实施例中,上述的生理参数处理方法,在步骤SllO之前还包括根据用户的输入指令设置预设处理要求的步骤。 [0062] In another embodiment, the above-described physiological parameter processing method further comprises the step of prior to step SllO preset processing requirements set according to user input commands. 本实施例中,用户预设的输入指令包括用户编辑的处理公式、用户定义变量类型或者变量范围等,用户编辑的处理公式可以包括对生理参数进行调用的变量、计算符号、计算系数、计算单位以及对生理参数进行计算的公式等,计算符号可以是字母或者字母与数字的组合形成的函数符号、加、减、乘、除、大括号、小括号或者等于等符号。 In this embodiment, the user inputs an instruction comprises a predetermined processing equation for the user to edit the user-defined type or variable range of variables, the process may include a user to edit the formula to variable physiological parameters invoked calculated symbols, calculate the coefficient calculating unit and other physiological parameters equation calculation, the calculation may be a function symbol or symbol combination of letters and numbers letters formed, add, subtract, multiply, divide, braces, symbols such as parentheses or equal. 可以根据用户选择的默认处理要求或者选择用户输入的处理要求获取生理参数。 Or may require user input selection processing of the physiological parameters acquired default user selected processing requirements. 用户输入的处理要求可以保存下来,用于下次选用。 Processing request input by the user can be saved for the next selection. 对用户输入的处理要求也可以进行多次编辑和保存。 To handle situations requiring user input can also be edited and saved several times.

[0063] 本领域普通技术人员可以理解实现上述实施例方法中的全部或部分流程,是可以通过计算机程序来指令相关的硬件来完成,所述的程序可存储于一计算机可读取存储介质中,该程序在执行时,可包括如上述各方法的实施例的流程。 [0063] Those of ordinary skill in the art may understand that the above-described method embodiments all or part of the processes may be related hardware instructed by a computer program, the program may be stored in a computer readable storage medium. when the program is executed, the processes of the foregoing method embodiments. 其中,所述的存储介质可为磁碟、光盘、只读存储记忆体(Read-Only Memory, ROM)或随机存储记忆体(Random AccessMemory, RAM)等。 Wherein the storage medium may be a magnetic disk, an optical disk, read-only memory (Read-Only Memory, ROM) or a random access memory (Random AccessMemory, RAM) and the like.

[0064] 以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的几种实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对本发明专利范围的限制。 [0064] Expression of the above-described embodiments are only several embodiments of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood as limiting the scope of the present invention. 应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various changes and modifications, which fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明专利的`保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。 Therefore, the protection scope of the present 'invention, the appended claims should prevail.

Claims (10)

1.一种生理参数处理装置,包括: 数据获取模块,用于根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数; 数据处理模块,与所述数据获取模块相连,根据所述预设处理要求对所述生理参数进行处理; 输出模块,与所述数据处理模块相连,输出所述生理参数的处理结果。 A physiological parameter processing apparatus, comprising: a data acquisition module for acquiring physiological parameters according to the type of physiological parameters in predetermined processing request; data processing module, the module is connected to the data acquisition, processing request according to the preset processing the physiological parameter; output module connected with the data processing module, an output processing result of the physiological parameter.
2.根据权利要求1所述的生理参数处理装置,其特征在于,所述系统还包括设置模块,用于根据用户的输入指令设置所述预设处理要求。 2. The physiological parameter processing apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the system further comprises means for the predetermined processing request based on user input instruction.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的生理参数处理装置,其特征在于,所述预设处理要求为预设的处理公式。 3. The physiological parameter processing device according to claim 12, wherein said processing request is a preset predetermined processing equation.
4.根据权利要求1所述的生理参数处理装置,其特征在于,所述数据获取模块还用于根据自定义的生理参数来源获取生理参数或接收用户输入的生理参数。 The physiological parameter processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said data acquisition module is further configured to define the source parameter from a physiological acquisition of physiological parameters or physiological receiving user input parameters.
5.根据权利要求1所述的生理参数处理装置,其特征在于,所述输出模块还用于输出所述生理参数的处理结果随时间的变化趋势。 The physiological parameter processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the output module is further configured to output the processing result of the physiological parameter trends over time.
6.根据权利要求1所述的生理参数处理装置,其特征在于,所述系统还包括报警模块,用于判断所述生理参数的处理结果出现异常且满足预定要求时,对所述处理结果进行报警提示。 The physiological parameter processing apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the system further comprises an alarm module for determining the processing result of abnormal physiological parameters and the predetermined requirement is satisfied, the processing result alarm.
7.根据权利要求1所述的生理参数处理装置,其特征在于,所述数据处理模块处理生理参数的频率根据所述生理参数的数据的波动情况进行适应性变化。 The physiological parameter processing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the data processing module processing the frequency of the physiological parameter adaptively changed according to fluctuations in the physiological parameter data.
8.一种生理参数处理方法,包括如下步骤:` 根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数; 根据所述预设处理要求对所述生理参数进行处理; 输出所述生理参数的处理结果。 A physiological parameter processing method, comprising the steps of: obtaining physiological parameters `physiological parameters according to the type of preset processing requirements; processing request according to the predetermined processing of the physiological parameter; processing an output of the physiological parameter result.
9.根据权利要求8所述的生理参数处理方法,其特征在于,还包括根据用户的输入指令设置所述预设处理要求的步骤。 9. The physiological parameter processing method according to claim 8, wherein the process further comprises the step of setting said preset according to the requirements of a user input instruction.
10.根据权利要求8所述的生理参数处理方法,其特征在于,所述根据预设处理要求中的生理参数种类获取生理参数的步骤为: 根据自定义的生理参数来源获取生理参数或接收用户输入的生理参数。 10. The physiological parameter processing method according to claim 8, wherein the physiological parameters according to the type of preset processing request acquiring physiological parameter steps: The source of the physiological parameters defined from the acquired physiological parameters or receiving user physiological parameter input.
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