CN103807102A - Straight-through type narrow-pipe wind collecting wind power generation system - Google Patents

Straight-through type narrow-pipe wind collecting wind power generation system Download PDF

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CN103807102A
CN103807102A CN 201410062994 CN201410062994A CN103807102A CN 103807102 A CN103807102 A CN 103807102A CN 201410062994 CN201410062994 CN 201410062994 CN 201410062994 A CN201410062994 A CN 201410062994A CN 103807102 A CN103807102 A CN 103807102A
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outer
wind
tube
narrow
section
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CN 201410062994
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CN103807102B (en )
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李勇强
姚伯龙
陈东辉
赵磊
徐泉根
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江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

The invention discloses a straight-through type narrow-pipe wind collecting wind power generation system which comprises an outer narrow pipe. An inner narrow pipe is overall sleeved with the outer narrow pipe, a conical sleeve is fixedly connected to the peripheral face of the inner narrow pipe, the wide head end of the conical sleeve is located at the tail of the outer narrow pipe, guide vanes are arranged on the conical sleeve, the inner narrow pipe and the conical sleeve are fixedly supported in the outer narrow pipe, an air outlet of the inner narrow pipe is an external expansion opening, a wake flow pipe is axially and fixedly connected to the air outlet end of the outer narrow pipe, an impeller and a power generator are installed in the wake flow pipe, the impeller is close to the tail of the outer narrow pipe, blades on the impeller rotate under the driving effect of wind power to drive the power generator to generate power, and an external expansion section is arranged on the wake flow pipe. According to the straight-through type narrow-pipe wind collecting wind power generation system, on the basis that the inner-pipe wind speed is effectively quickened, the wind power use rate can be further improved, and the efficiency of the power generator can be further improved; meanwhile, due to the arrangement of a fogging machine, fogging is achieved through self-supplying of green electric energy, haze and dust are finally reduced through fogging, the atmospheric environment is improved, and therefore application of the wind power generation system is expanded.

Description

直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统 Straight-funneling wind-wind power generation system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及风力发电设备技术领域,具体涉及一种聚风型风力发电装置,尤其涉及一种能够制雾治霾的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统。 A wind power plant technical field, particularly, to a wind-type wind turbine generator, in particular, relates to a treatment system fog haze STP funneling polyethylene Wind Power Generation System [0001] present.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 根据狭管效应而产生的聚风型风力发电机,由于其具有聚集风能、提压增速、提高风能利用率的优点,在风力发电技术领域具有广泛的应用前景。 [0002] The wind-turbine wind generated by funneling effect, due to its aggregation wind, mention growth pressure, the advantage of improving the utilization of wind energy, has wide application prospect in the technical field of wind power. 目前的聚风型风力发电装置通常是将进风口设置成一个聚缩狭管,用于提升风速,由于风是因不同位置之间存在压强差而空气流动的结果,风在狭管管道内流动的过程中,流速会受到管道内壁阻力和内部压强的影响,风速的提升实际上非常有限,如中国专利ZL201220394391.6所公开的名称为“一种自启动式狭管聚风风力发电系统”的风力发电装置,由于管内压强随着空气的聚集而逐渐增强,导致管道入口和管道内部之间空气的压强差降低,这会阻碍气流的进一步进入,最终阻碍风速的进一步提升。 Current wind-type wind turbine generator is generally provided to the inlet slot a polycondensation pipe for lifting wind speed, due to the presence of air due to the pressure difference between the results of the different positions of the air flow, air flows in the narrow tube conduit process, the flow rate is affected by the pipe wall and the internal pressure resistance, to enhance the wind speed is actually limited, as disclosed in the Chinese patent ZL201220394391.6, entitled "a self-starting wind-funneling wind power systems" wind power generation apparatus, since the inner tube with the accumulation of air pressure is gradually increased, leading to an air pressure differential between the inlet duct and the inner duct is reduced, which may impede further into the air flow, ultimately discourage further enhance the wind speed. 为了有效提高狭管内风速及进一步提高风能利用率,本申请人在单个聚缩狭管的基础上进行创新研究,首创了由两个前后套接的聚缩狭管组成的双涵道聚风风力发电装置,具体地,辅狭管套接在主狭管外部,主、辅狭管的进风口之间具有轴向间距,且主、辅狭管的排风口端均连接有尾扩管,发电机及驱动发电机发电的叶轮均装在主狭管内,由于主、辅狭管的双涵道设计,降低了叶轮叶片背面的压强、加强前管道内部的风速,增加了叶片正面、背面的压强差,增加叶片的受力,从而提高发电机的输出功率,提高发电机效率,然而这种狭管聚风发电装置仍然存在如下缺陷:第一,由于发电机用叶轮安装在主狭管内,而辅狭管套接在主狭管外部,主狭管的外径较小,因此叶轮叶片的尺寸减小,叶轮叶片尺寸小,则叶片扫风面积和捕风能力受限,进而影响到 In order to improve the funneling wind speed and further improve the utilization of wind energy, innovative research on the basis of a single polycondensation funneling the present applicant, the first of two polycondensation funneling longitudinal socket channel consisting of poly Wind Shuanghan power generation device, in particular, the auxiliary slot in the main tube sleeved outside of the tube slot, main, axial spacing between the air inlet having a narrow auxiliary tube, and the main, auxiliary exhaust port end of the narrow tubes are connected to a tail pipe expansion, generator and the impeller drive generators are installed in the main tube narrow, since the dual ducted main and auxiliary narrow tube design, reduces the pressure on the back of the impeller blades, reinforcing pipe inside of the front wind speed, an increase of the front blade, a rear surface pressure differential, increasing the force of the blade, thereby increasing the output power of the generator, to improve generator efficiency, however, this funneling wind-power generation device still has the following disadvantages: first, since the generator is mounted in the main impeller narrow tube, whilst the auxiliary pipe narrow tube sleeved outside of the main slot, narrow smaller outer diameter of the main pipe, thus reducing the size of the impeller blades, the small size of the impeller blades, the blades swept area and limited ability to catch the wind, thereby affecting 风能利用率和发电效率;第二,狭管为逐缩式有限密封体,逐缩式有限密封体的流体特性不同于传统的水平轴风力机及垂直轴风力机的流体特性,就汽轮机、水轮机、风轮机及目前一切应市的各种各样的推进器组件而言,无一例可直接应用到狭管聚风型风力发电系统中来,而涉及狭管聚风发电技术的专利文件也多以发电系统的主体结构为主要保护对象,鲜少有涉及与之技术相适配的专用叶片,从专利相应的说明书附图来看,也以采用安装叶片数量较少的涡桨型叶片方式为主,随着狭管聚风发电技术越来越多的应用,设计符合逐缩式有限密封体内流体特性并能够提高动能转换效率的专用叶片,是进一步提升狭管聚风发电技术的研究重点;第三,在风力发电的应用领域,几乎没有在制雾治霾上应用。 Wind power generation efficiency and utilization; second, narrow tube by shrink sealing body finite, limited compacted by fluid characteristics of the sealing body fluid properties different from conventional horizontal-axis wind turbine and the vertical axis wind turbine, it turbine, turbine , in terms of all current and wind turbines should be the city's various propeller assemblies, none can be applied directly to the funneling wind-type wind power generation system in the past, involving funneling wind-power technology patent documents also many in the main structure of a power generation system for the main object of protection, there are few techniques involving special blades adapted thereto, from the respective patent specification accompanying figures, but also to employ fewer embodiment turboprop type blade is mounted blades primary, narrow tube with an increasing number of wind-power generation technology, designed to meet the seal limited by compacted body fluid properties and to improve the conversion efficiency of the kinetic energy of a dedicated blade, is to further enhance the funneling wind-power generation technology research focus; third, the application areas of wind power, barely used in the treatment system fog haze.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本申请人针对现有技术中的上述缺点进行改进,提供一种直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其能够在有效提闻管内风速的基础上,进一步提闻风能利用率、提闻发电机效率。 [0003] The present applicant prior art for improving the above drawbacks, there is provided a narrow straight-tube concentrator wind wind power generation system, which can provide the basis of effective wind speed on the smell tube, to further improve utilization caught, mention Wen generator efficiency.

[0004] 本发明的技术方案如下: [0004] aspect of the present invention is as follows:

直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,包括外狭管,内狭管整体套设于外狭管内,内狭管的外周面上固接有锥套,锥套的宽头端位于外狭管的尾部,且锥套上设有导叶,内狭管及锥套固定支撑在外狭管内;内狭管的排风口为外扩口;外狭管的排风口端轴向固接有尾流管,叶轮及发电机装在尾流管内,且叶轮靠近外狭管尾部,叶轮上的叶片在风力的驱动作用下旋转,驱动发电机发电;尾流管带有外扩段。 Straight-funneling wind-wind power generation system, comprising an outer narrow tube, narrow tube integral sleeve disposed within the outer narrow tube, the outer periphery of the inner narrow pipe surface firmly fixed to the drogue, the drogue wide head end is located outside the narrow tube the tail, and the sleeve is provided with tapered inner vanes, the inner tube and narrowly fixed drogue outer support tube slots; the air outlet within the narrow outer tube flared; narrow exhaust outlet end of the outer tube is fixed to an axial flow tailed tube, impeller, and a generator mounted in the tail pipe flow, and close to the impeller outer narrow tail tube, rotation of the impeller blades under a driving action of the wind driven generators; wake tube with flared segment.

[0005] 其进一步技术方案为: [0005] further technical scheme:

所述外狭管的管壁上沿圆周设有多个泄风口,所述泄风口上设有启闭门,所述启闭门用于打开或关闭所述泄风口。 On the outer wall of the narrow tube is provided with a plurality of circumferentially vent outlet, it is provided with opening and closing the vent outlet door, the opening and closing door for opening or closing the discharge outlet.

[0006] 所述叶轮的前、后两侧分别设有前导风罩、后导风罩,前导风罩及后导风罩均为锥形结构。 [0006] the front wheel, rear sides of the front cowl are provided, the air guide housing, the front cowl and the air guiding cover are tapered configuration.

[0007] 所述泄风口沿轴向设有多个周向杆件,多个周向杆件将所述泄风口分隔成多个空间,周向杆件朝向所述泄风口外部的侧面上设有多个消声丝,启闭门包括外门和内门,外门设在所述泄风口的外侧,内门设在所述泄风口的内侧,且所述泄风口被分隔的所述多个空间内均设有一内门。 [0007] bleed the air rim is provided with a plurality of circumferentially axial rod, a plurality of peripheral air spacer to discharge the rod into a plurality of spaces, disposed on the side toward the outer circumference of the discharge outlet to the lever a plurality of filaments muffler, the opening and closing door comprising an outer door and an inner door, the outer door is provided outside the discharge outlet, the door is provided inside the air vent, and said plurality of said discharge outlet to be separated within a space equipped with an inner door.

[0008] 所述外狭管的进风口及内狭管的进风口均采用外翻的收缩唇口,所述收缩唇口呈“O”形,且所述唇口的外翻部分与进风口外周面之间形成水滴状空间。 [0008] The air inlet and an air inlet tube within the outer slot are narrow shrink tube eversion lip, the lip is forced into a "O" shape, and the lip portion of the air inlet everted drop-shaped space is formed between the outer circumferential surface.

[0009] 所述外扩段的出风口采用波纹型锯齿结构。 [0009] The flared outlet section of the corrugated structure using zigzag.

[0010] 所述外扩段上对称设有尾舵。 Symmetrically arranged on the rudder [0010] extended period.

[0011] 所述叶轮上的叶片包括从叶根部沿着叶片跨度方向向叶尖部延展的安装段、顺延工作段及外工作段,顺延工作段平滑连接于安装段与外工作段(514之间,所述安装段、顺延工作段及外工作段的翼型均采用圆头的非对称翼型,且所述三段的翼型后缘均采用光滑圆弧曲线来连接翼型的上表面及下表面,所述三段的翼型上表面及下表面均为弧面;安装段的叶型部分为扭曲等截面叶型,顺延工作段及外工作段叶型部分均为扭曲变截面叶型,所述三段的扭转方向相同,均为翼型后缘相对于翼型前缘向叶片叶面方向扭转,且外工作段的扭转角α大于或等于顺延工作段的扭转角β ;叶片的形状从叶尖部到安装段与顺延工作段的过渡连接处逐渐变窄,叶片各截面的厚度从翼型前缘到翼型后缘逐渐增大。 [0011] The impeller comprises blades extending from the blade root to tip portion along span direction of the blade mounting section, the working section and the outer extended working section, the working section extended smoothly connected to the mounting section and an outer working segment (514 between the mounting section, the airfoil section and extended the work of the working section are used outside round asymmetric airfoil, and the trailing edge of the airfoil three sections are made of a smooth arcuate curve connecting the upper surface of the airfoil and a lower surface, the upper and lower surfaces of the airfoil three sections are arc; the airfoil portion of the mounting section is twisted like profiled blades, the airfoil portion and the outer extended working section the working section variable section are twisted blade type, the same twist direction of the three segments, the edge of the airfoil are twisted with respect to the leading edge of the airfoil direction of the blade leaf, and the twist angle α of the working section outer torsion angle β equal to or greater than the working section extended; leaf blade tapering shape from the tip to the transition section at the mounting section and the extended working section, the thickness of each section of the blade gradually increases from the airfoil leading edge to the trailing edge of the airfoil.

[0012] 所述外工作段的扭转角α为35°〜45°,所述顺延工作段的扭转角β为O〜35°,所述安装段的安装角Θ为16°〜22°。 The [0012] outer twist angle α of the working section of 35 ° ~45 °, the extended torsion angle β of the working section is O~35 °, the installation angle Θ segment is 16 ° ~22 °.

[0013] 所述安装段、顺延工作段及外工作段均为空心壳体,在顺延工作段及外工作段的空心壳体内沿叶片跨度方向设有多个加强筋。 [0013] The mounting section, the working section and the extended working sections are hollow outer housing, a plurality of reinforcing ribs in the direction along the blade span of the working section hollow body and extended outside of the working section.

[0014] 所述安装段的空心壳体内部的中空槽为与轮毂配合的安装槽。 [0014] The mounting section of the hollow interior of the hollow housing and the hub fitting groove of the mounting groove.

[0015] 所述外扩段通过管路连接有制雾装置,制雾装置位于外狭管外部,管路伸入外扩段内,且所述伸入外扩段内的管段上连接有喷嘴,发电机产生的电能驱动制雾装置工作。 [0015] The extended sections are connected via a line means with a mist system, manufactured by mist external device located outside the narrow tube, extends into the flared pipe section, and extends into the upper pipe section in the extended section is connected to the nozzle , the drive power generated by the generator means mist system work.

[0016] 本发明的技术效果: [0016] Technical effects of the invention:

1、本发明通过狭管的设置,实现提压增速,由此拓展了应用风速下限,拓宽了风力发电系统的应用环境,尤其是低风速地区风力发电的实现。 1, the present invention is provided by the narrow tube to achieve growth mentioned pressure, thereby expanding the application of wind speed limit, broadening the application environment of the wind power generation system, particularly wind power to achieve low wind area.

[0017] 2、本发明在狭管应用的基础上,通过外狭管及内狭管的直通式双涵道设计,可以通过内狭管内的快速气流冲破尾流管内的风屏,带动尾流管内的慢速气流加速排出,实现达到破除风屏、辅助排风的目的;内狭管的出风口采用外扩口以及尾流管上外扩段的设置,能够保证气流顺利排出,而尾流管外扩段上的波纹型锯齿结构设计,能够进一步促进尾流的排放,在尾流管尾部周边形成负压,使外狭管和内狭管的进风口能够吸纳更多的空气进入管道,由此增加进风量。 [0017] 2, the present invention, in the narrow tube applications, the straight-through dual ducted design outer narrow tube and the inner narrow tube, can break through the wind screen in the wake tube by flash gas stream in the inner narrow tube, driven wake slow air flow within the exhaust pipe to accelerate, break wind screen to achieve the purposes, the auxiliary exhaust; narrow inner tube with external air outlet is provided on the flared end of the flow tube and a flared section, it is possible to ensure smooth discharge of the gas flow, and wakes corrugated tube zigzag design on the extended section, the discharge end of the flow can be further promoted, and a negative pressure in the tube surrounding the tail end of the flow of the intake air narrow outer tube and the inner tube can absorb more narrow air intake duct, thereby increasing the amount of wind.

[0018] 3、相较于本申请人将叶轮及发电机设在内狭管内的现有做法,本发明将叶轮及发电机设在外狭管内,叶轮叶片的尺寸大幅增加,则叶片扫风面积和捕风能力大幅提高,在保证叶轮叶片转速的同时,能够保证叶轮叶片产生的扭力,进而提高了风能利用率和发电效率;由于逐缩式的内狭管整体套设在外狭管内,通过在内狭管外周面与外狭管的内周面之间设置锥套,并使锥套固接在内狭管外周面上,使得外狭管内周面与内狭管外周面之间的空间的逐缩程度增加,在不影响气流流动通畅的情况下,通过锥套的设置,进一步增加了管径比,从而提增应用气流流速,大幅提高了风能的强度,同时还具有调控风能定向定流的导风作用。 The [0018] 3, as compared to existing practices in the present Applicant and generator impeller disposed narrow inner tube, the present invention is the impeller and the generator is provided narrow outer tube, a substantial increase in the size of the impeller blades, the blades swept area and catch the wind substantial increase, ensuring the impeller blade speed simultaneously, to ensure the torque of the impeller blades produced, thereby increasing the wind energy utilization and power generation efficiency; since by compacted in the narrow tube integral sleeve disposed within the outer slot tube, by drogue disposed between the inner peripheral surface of the outer peripheral surface of the inner tube and the outer narrow slit tube, and the inner cone sleeve fixed to the outer peripheral surface of the narrow tube, such that the outer peripheral surface of the narrow space between the outer tube and the inner peripheral surface of the narrow by increasing the degree of reduction in the air flow without affecting the smooth, by setting the drogue, the diameter ratio is further increased, thereby improving the application of increasing air velocity, a substantial increase in the strength of the wind, while also having a given flow regulation wind orientation air guiding role.

[0019] 4、本发明所述外狭管及内狭管的进风口均采用外翻的收缩唇口,所述收缩唇口呈“O”形,且所述唇口的外翻部分与进风口外周面之间形成水滴状空间,进风口采用的独特唇口结构,增大了外狭管及内狭管进风口处的风压,使得进风口处的气流顺利的进入相应管道内;与此同时,外狭管以及内狭管的进风口的外周均呈流线形曲面设计,能够使气流在管内的流动更加顺畅。 [0019] 4, the present invention is the narrow outer tube and the inner narrow inlet tube are everted shrink lip, said lip contraction was "O" shape, and the lip portion everted into is formed between the outer circumferential surface of the teardrop-shaped air outlet space, an air inlet lip unique structure employed, the narrow tube is increased pressure at the inlet to the narrow outer and the inner tube, such that at the inlet airflow smoothly into the respective conduit; and Meanwhile, the outer tube and the outer periphery of the narrow inlet of the inner tube showed a narrow streamlined surface design, the gas flow can be made to flow more smoothly within the tube.

[0020] 5、外狭管上的泄风口及启闭门的设置,可以使管内的风速维持在合理范围内,保护发电机不过载,确保发电机的持续稳定发电;将泄风口分隔成多个空间,并在多个空间内设置相应的启闭内门及消声丝的设置,能够大幅降管内快速气流从泄风口排出时所产生的噪音。 [0020] 5, and the air discharge opening and closing door provided on the narrow outer tube, the inner tube can wind speed is maintained within a reasonable range, but the carrier generator protection, ensuring sustained power generator; separated into a plurality of the air vent spatial, and disposed within the corresponding opening and closing doors and muffler filaments disposed in a plurality of spaces, the inner tube can be significantly reduced noise resulting from the rapid flow when the air outlet vent.

[0021] 6、本发明所述叶轮叶片的形状从叶尖部到安装段与顺延工作段的过渡连接处逐渐变窄,叶片的安装端的形状一致,叶片各截面的厚度从翼型前缘到翼型后缘逐渐增大,且所述三段的翼型上表面及下表面均为弧面,这种叶型结构设计使得叶片整体上大下小,叶片上部为带有弧形扁平宽面的扇型,这一设计有效地增加了流体做功处的受风面积,最大限度地利用流体动能做功在叶片端部产生杠杆力,驱动叶轮旋转,完成风能到机械能的转换过程,实现了“易启动、高转换”的目的;。 [0021] 6, the present invention is the shape of the impeller blades tapers from the tip portion to the transition section and the mounting section of the extended work, conform to the shape of the mounting end of the blade, the thickness of each airfoil section of the blade from the leading edge to after the airfoil edge gradually increases, and the airfoil upper and lower surfaces of the three sections are cambered, airfoil design such that the overall big small leaves, upper leaf face with an arcuate flat width the fan, this design is effective to increase the wind receiving area of ​​the fluid at a work, the kinetic energy of the fluid to maximize the use of the lever force acting to generate the blade end, driving the impeller rotation, to complete the conversion of wind energy to mechanical energy, to achieve the "easy start, high conversion, "the purpose;. 通过将叶片扭转,且扭转方向为翼型后缘相对于翼型前缘向叶片叶面方向扭转,并外工作段的扭转角大于或等于顺延工作段的扭转角,通过扭转在叶片叶型上形成引导流体流动的凹槽,叶片经扭转形成凹槽后又逐步缩小成安装段的涡桨型,这种叶片上部扇型叶片端面向下成凹槽流线型逐步缩小成涡桨型的形状设计,有效减少了因叶片旋转而产生风屏的成因因素,利于流体的穿透;采用叶片外工作段与顺延工作段不同的扭转角度,以及安装段小斜面涡桨型安装角的设计,进一步地,根据逐缩式有限密封体内流体特性,精确地确立了叶片各段的扭转角的优选范围,由此能够保证逐缩式有限密封体内流体流动顺畅;所述叶片翼型模仿了飞机机翼的升力型翼型,采用圆头的非对称翼型,并且在此基础上进行翼型改进,即使所述三段的翼型形成圆钝后缘,这 By blade twist, and the twist direction of the leading edge of the airfoil edge of the airfoil with respect to the twisted direction of the blade leaf, and a twist angle of the working section outer twist angle of greater than or equal extended working section, by twisting vane type fluid flow grooves formed in the guide, a groove formed after twisting the blade by gradually reduced to turboprop type, this leaves the upper end surface of the fan blades to gradually narrow down a groove into a streamlined shape turboprop type designed mounting section, reduce the causes of factors generated by the rotating blades of the wind screen, facilitates penetration of the fluid; blade outer working section using the extended working segment different rotation angle, and a mounting section designed small installation angle of the inclined surface turboprop type, and further, the compacted limited by characteristics of the body fluid seal, preferably established precisely twist angle range of each blade section, thereby to ensure that the sealing body by shrinkage finite smooth fluid flow; mimic the blade airfoil lift aircraft wing type airfoil, the airfoil asymmetric round, and performs the airfoil improve on this basis, even after three sections of the airfoil forming blunt edge, which 解决了翼型的结构强度问题,同时圆滑过渡的翼型下表面后缘的形阻减小,改进了翼型的升阻比,这种翼型设计具有良好的空气动力学特性;叶片采用空心壳体及内部加强筋结构,在保证叶片强度的前提下,大大减少了叶片的自重,满足叶片材料密度轻且具有最佳的疲劳强度和力学性能的要求,且使得叶片易于制造。 Solve the problem of structural strength of the airfoil, the lower surface of the airfoil while the rear edge of the shaped smooth transition resistance is reduced, improving the airfoil lift to drag ratio, airfoil design that has good aerodynamic properties; hollow blade using and the internal housing rib structure, under the premise of blade strength, greatly reducing the weight of the blade, and the blade material density into light having optimum mechanical properties and fatigue strength requirements, and so easy to manufacture the blade.

[0022] 7、本发明通过在尾流管外扩段管路连接有制雾装置,并利用本发明所述发电机驱动制雾装置进行制雾、喷雾工作,在水雾的凝结作用下,将PM2.5等粉尘微粒从空气中沉降下来,从而在不影响生产制造的情况下,有效降低粉尘散发量,改善区域大气环境,从而达到从“本”降霾的目的,城市安装应用本发明所述具有制雾降霾功能的风力发电系统,可对现有大气污染进行长期净化,从而实现从“标”治霾的目的,由此,本发明创造性地将风力发电系统应用于降霾的大气污染治理领域,通过绿色电能自我供给,以绿色风能治理大气污染,实现了绿色循环,加快了大气净化步伐,具有极高的社会效益及经济效益。 [0022] 7, by the present invention in the tail section of the flow tube flared conduit system is connected to means mist, and the mist produced by said generator drive system of the present invention means mist, spray work in coagulation mist, like the case where the PM2.5 dust particles settling down from the air, without impacting manufacturing, reduce emission from dust, improve regional atmospheric environment, so as to achieve the purpose of reducing haze "present", the application of the present invention is installed from the city the wind power generation system having reduced haze haze braking function, may be a long existing purge air pollution, thereby achieving the object of treatment haze "standard", thus, the present invention creatively applied to the wind power generation system of haze reduction the field of air pollution control, self-supply of electricity through the green, green wind power to control air pollution, to achieve a green circle, speed up the pace of air purification, with a high social and economic benefits.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 图1为本发明的主视图。 [0023] FIG. 1 is a front view of the present disclosure.

[0024] 图2为图1中AA剖视图。 [0024] FIG. 2 is a sectional view AA of FIG.

[0025] 图3为本发明的轴测视图。 [0025] FIG. 3 is an isometric view of the present disclosure.

[0026] 图4为图2中I部放大示意图,图中启闭门处于开启状态。 [0026] FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of portion I 2, FIG door opening and closing in the on state.

[0027] 图5为本发明所述外狭管及内狭管呈水滴状“O”形唇口结构的进风口的放大图。 [0027] FIG. 5 and the slit tube form the inner air inlet tube narrowly an enlarged view of the teardrop-shaped "O" shaped configuration of the outer lip of the present invention.

[0028] 图6为本发明所述叶轮叶片的主视图。 [0028] Figure 6 a front view of the impeller blade of the present invention.

[0029] 图7为图6的左视图。 [0029] FIG. 7 is a left side view of FIG.

[0030] 图8为图6的俯视图。 [0030] FIG. 8 is a top view of FIG.

[0031] 图9为图6中BB剖视图,即本发明所述叶片的外工作段的叶片翼型图。 [0031] FIG. 9 is a sectional view BB of FIG. 6, FIG i.e. the blade airfoil section outside the work blade of the present invention.

[0032] 图10为图6中CC剖视图,即本发明所述叶片的顺延工作段的叶片翼型图。 [0032] FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view CC of FIG. 6, FIG i.e. the blade airfoil section of the present invention, extended the work of the blade.

[0033] 图11为图6中DD剖视图,即本发明所述叶片的安装段的叶片翼型图。 [0033] FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view DD in Figure 6, i.e. the blade airfoil of the present invention FIG blade mounting segment.

[0034] 图12为本发明所述叶片的安装段安装在叶轮轮毂的安装角示意图,图中还示出了轮毂上与叶根部安装槽配合安装的凸块。 [0034] FIG mounting section 12 of the blade mounted in the mounting angle of the impeller hub a schematic view of the present invention, also shown in FIG bumps on the hub and the blade root attachment groove fitting installation.

[0035] 图13为本发明所述叶轮叶片的轴测视图,其中叶尖部位于视图方向正面。 [0035] FIG. 13 is an isometric view of the impeller blades of the present invention, wherein the tip portion is located in the front view direction.

[0036] 图14为本发明所述叶轮叶片的另一轴测视图,其中叶根部位于视图方向正面。 [0036] FIG 14 another isometric view of the impeller blade of the present invention, wherein the blade root is located in the front view direction.

[0037] 其中:1、外狭管;2、内狭管;3、锥套;4、尾流管;41、外扩段;42、直管段;5、叶轮;51、叶片;510、叶根部;511、叶尖部;512、安装段;513、顺延工作段;514、外工作段;515、叶面;516、加强筋;517、安装槽;52、轮毂;520、凸块;6、发电机;7、导叶;8、启闭门;81、外门;82、内门;9、周向杆件;10、消声丝;11、尾舵;12、前导风罩;13、后导风罩;14、管路;141、环形管;142、喷嘴接管;15、制雾装置;16、喷嘴;17、第一支板;18、泄风口;19、第二支板;20、水滴状空间;21、安装平台。 [0037] wherein: 1, the outer narrow tube; 2, the narrow tube; 3, drogue; 4, the end of the flow tube; 41, extended section; 42 straight section; 5, the impeller; 51, blades; 510, leaves roots; 511, tip portion; 512, mounting section; 513, extended working segment; 514, outer working segments; 515, leaf; 516, stiffener; 517, mounting groove; 52, hub; 520 bumps; 6 generator; 7, vanes; 8, opening and closing the door; 81 outer door; 82, inner door; 9, to the periphery of the rod member; 10, a muffler wire; 11, rudder; 12, the front cowl; 13 after wind scooper; 14, conduit; 141, annular duct; 142, taken over the nozzle; 15, manufactured by means mist; 16, a nozzle; 17, a first support plate; 18, vent outlet; 19, a second support plate; 20, teardrop-shaped space; 21, mounting platform.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0038] 下面结合附图,说明本发明的具体实施方式。 [0038] below with the accompanying drawings, embodiments of the present invention.

[0039] 见图1、图2、图3,本发明包括外狭管1,内狭管2整体套设于外狭管I内,内狭管2的外周面上固接有锥套3,锥套3的宽头端位于外狭管I的尾部,且锥套3上设有导叶7,内狭管2及锥套3固定支撑在外狭管I内,具体地,内狭管2的前部外周面与外狭管I内周面之间连接有多个第一支板17,锥套7的外周面与外狭管I内周面之间连接有多个导叶7 ;内狭管2的排风口为外扩口;外狭管I的排风口端轴向固接有尾流管4,叶轮5及发电机6装在尾流管4内,且叶轮5靠近外狭管I尾部,叶轮5上的叶片51在风力的驱动作用下旋转,驱动发电机6发电;具体地,尾流管4带有直管段42及外扩段41,直管段42与外狭管I轴向连接,叶轮5及发电机6装在外扩段41内,叶轮5装在发电机6的中心轴上,发电机6通过多个第二支板19固定支撑在外狭管I内。 [0039] Figures 1, 2, 3, the present invention includes a narrow outer tube 1, the narrow tube 2 disposed within the outer sleeve integrally narrow tube I, the outer periphery of the inner tube 2, the narrow face of a cone sleeve 3 fixed, drogue wide head 3 positioned on the outer end of the narrow tube I tail, and the drogue 3 is provided with guide vanes 7, the narrow tube 2 and fixed to the support 3 drogue outer tube slots I, in particular, the narrow tube 2 connecting the front portion and the outer circumferential surface of the outer tube between the inner peripheral surface of the narrow I plurality of first support plate 17, a plurality of vanes 7 are connected between the inner circumferential surface of the tapered outer circumferential surface of the sleeve 7 and the outer tube slot I; the narrowly exhaust port of the outer tube 2 flared; narrow exhaust outlet end of the outer tube is axially affixed with I wake tube 4, the impeller 5 and the generator 6 installed in the end of the flow tube 4, and 5 of the impeller near the outer narrow tube I tail blades 51 on the impeller 5 is rotated under the driving action of the wind, driving a generator 6 power; specifically, the tail flow tube 4 with straight sections 42 and extended segment 41, the straight pipe section 42 and the outer funneling I axial connection, the impeller 5 and the generator 6 installed in the outer diffuser section 41, the impeller 5 mounted in the center axis 6 of the generator, the generator 19 is fixed to a support 6 by a second plurality of outer struts funneling I. [0040] 进一步地,当来风风速过大时,为了使外狭管I内的风速维持在合理范围内,使外狭管I内的气流不至于涡旋堵塞在管道内,以确保保护发电机6不过载,见图2,所述外狭管I的管壁上沿圆周设有多个泄风口18,所述泄风口18上设有启闭门8,启闭门8用于打开或关闭泄风口18。 [0040] Further, when the wind speed is too large to wind, the wind speed in order to make the outer tube slot I within reasonable range, the air flow in the narrow outer tube vortexed I will not jam in the pipe, in order to ensure the protection of power However carrier machine 6, shown in Figure 2, the outer wall of the narrow tube I circumferentially provided with a plurality of air vent 18, the vent door 8 is provided on the outlet 18 opening and closing, opening and closing a door for opening or 8 close the vent outlet 18. 更进一步地,见图2、图3、图4,为了降低快速气流在从泄风口18排出时所发出的噪音,所述泄风口18沿轴向设有多个周向杆件9,多个周向杆件9将泄风口18分隔成多个空间,周向杆件9朝向泄风口18外部的侧面上均匀布置有多个消声丝10,启闭门8包括外门81和内门82,外门81设在泄风口的外侧,内门82设在泄风口18的内侧,且泄风口18被分隔的所述多个空间内均设有一内门82,由此在泄风口形成消声装置。 Still further, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, in order to reduce noise at the time of rapid flow is discharged from the discharge outlet 18 emitted from the discharge outlet 18 is provided with a plurality of circumferentially axially lever 9, a plurality of the circumferential rod 9 discharge outlet 18 is divided into a plurality of spaces, on the side periphery toward the vent outlet 18 arranged uniformly to the outside of the lever 9 has a plurality of filaments muffler 10, opening and closing the door 8 comprises an outer door 81 and inner door 82 , the outer door 81 is disposed outside the air vent, the vent door 82 is arranged inside the outlet 18 and discharge outlet 18 are spatially separated within said plurality are equipped with an inner door 82, thereby forming air vent muffler device. 其中,启闭门8的开、闭可以通过铰链连接以及推拉门等公知的机械机构来实现。 Wherein the opening and closing of the door 8 open and close can be realized by sliding and hinged doors or other known mechanical means.

[0041] 为了使进入外狭管I内的风尽可能地吹向叶轮5,见图2,叶轮5的前、后两侧分别设有前导风罩12、后导风罩13,且前导风罩12及后导风罩13均为锥形结构,前导风罩12的窄端靠近叶片51,后导风罩13的窄头端靠近尾流管4的出风口。 [0041] In order to enter the air in the narrow outer tube 5 as far as possible the impeller I is blown, see Fig. 2, front wheel 5, are provided on both sides of the front cowl 12, the air guide cover 13, and the leading wind cover 12 and the rear air duct 13 are conical structure, the narrow end of the front cowl 12 close to the blade 51, the narrow head of the guide hood 13 near the tail end of the flow tube 4 of the outlet.

[0042] 见图2、图5,为了增大外狭管I及内狭管2进风口处的风压,使得进风口处的气流顺利的进入相应管道内,所述外狭管I的进风口及内狭管2的进风口均采用外翻的收缩唇口,所述收缩唇口呈“O”形,且所述唇口的外翻部分与进风口外周面之间形成水滴状空间20,进一步地,为了使气流在管内的流动更加顺畅,外狭管I以及内狭管2的进风口的外周均呈流线形曲面设计。 [0042] Figure 2, Figure 5, in order to increase the inner and outer funneling I narrow tube 2 at the inlet to pressure, so that the gas flow at the inlet to the corresponding pipe smoothly into the outer tube slot into I drop-shaped space 20 is formed between the outer circumferential surface of the everted portion of the air inlet and the air inlet tube 2 slots are shrink everted lip, said lip contraction was "O" shape, and the lip further, in order to make the air flow more smoothly in the inner tube, the outer circumference of the outer tube slot I and the inner tube air inlet slot 2 showed a streamlined surface design.

[0043] 见图2,为了进一步促进尾流排放,所述外扩段41的出风口采用波纹型锯齿结构;为了调整叶轮使其对准风向以便能最大限度地捕获风能,在外扩段41上对称设有尾舵11,本发明所述风力发电系统整体固定支撑在安装平台21上,通过在安装平台下方配置回转轴承、电机驱动部分、传动部分,即可实现本发明所述风力发电系统通过旋转来对准风向,在使用安装瓶体21的情况下,尾舵11也可以装在安装平台21上。 [0043] Figure 2, in order to further promote the flow discharge end of the extended section 41 of a corrugated zigzag structure using air; in order to adjust the alignment direction of the impeller so as to maximize wind energy capture, the outer diffuser section 41 11 are symmetrically arranged rudder, the wind power generation system of the present invention is integrally fixed to the mounting platform 21 is supported by a bearing disposed below the mounting platform rotation, the motor driving part, transmission part, the present invention can be realized by a wind power generation system to align the direction of rotation, in the case of mounting the bottle body 21, rudder 11 can also be installed on the mounting platform 21.

[0044] 进一步地,本发明所述风力发电系还设计了符合狭管这类逐缩式有限密封体内流体特性的专用叶片51,见图6、图7、图8,叶轮5上的叶片51包括从叶根部510沿着叶片跨度方向向叶尖部511延展的安装段512、顺延工作段513及外工作段514,顺延工作段513平滑连接于安装段512与外工作段514之间,见图9、图10、图11,所述安装段512、顺延工作段513及外工作段514的翼型均采用圆头的非对称翼型,且所述三段的翼型后缘均采用光滑圆弧曲线来连接翼型的上表面及下表面,图9、图10、图11中所示的翼型右端的圆钝边缘即为翼型前缘,与翼型前缘相对的一端为翼型后缘,所述三段的翼型上表面及下表面均为弧面;见图6、图14,所述安装段512的叶型部分为扭曲等截面叶型,所述顺延工作段513及外工作段514的叶型部分均为扭曲变截面叶型,所谓扭曲是指叶片沿叶高方向呈 [0044] Further, the present invention is also designed based wind power blades 51 meet the special funneling compacted by such limited seal body fluid properties, see FIG. 6, FIG. 7, FIG. 8, the impeller blades 551 from the blade root includes a mounting section 510 extending along the span direction of the blade 511 to the tip portions 512, 513 and the outer extended working section the working section 514, section 513 extended work smoothly connected between the mounting section 512 and the outer working segments 514, see FIG 9, FIG 10, FIG 11, the mounting section 512, section 513 and extended the work of the working section 514 of the airfoil outer round adopt asymmetric airfoil, and the trailing edge of the airfoil are three sections with smooth arcuate curve connecting the airfoil upper and lower surfaces, FIG. 9, FIG. 10, the right end of the blunt edge of the airfoil shown in FIG. 11 is the leading edge of the airfoil, the airfoil leading edge and the opposite end is wing after the edge type, the upper and lower surfaces are cambered airfoil three segments; see FIG. 6, FIG. 14, the airfoil section of the mounting portion 512 of the twisted airfoil like cross-section, the working section 513 extended and the airfoil portion of the outer working segments 514 are twisted airfoil variable cross-section, a so-called twisted blade means in the form of leaf height direction 扭曲状,即在叶片不同半径处各截面的倾斜角度是不同的,见图13、图14,所述三段的扭转方向相同,均为翼型后缘相对于翼型前缘向叶片叶面515方向扭转,且外工作段514的扭转角α大于或等于顺延工作段2的扭转角β,通过扭转在叶片叶型上形成引导流体流动的凹槽;见图6,本发明所述叶片51的形状从叶尖部511到安装段512与顺延工作段513的过渡连接处逐渐变窄,叶片各截面的厚度从翼型前缘到翼型后缘逐渐增大。 Distorted shape, i.e. each cross section of the blade at different radii are different inclination angles, the same as shown in Figure 13, FIG. 14, the three sections of the twisting direction, the both edges of the airfoil to the leading edge of the airfoil with respect to the leaf blade 515 twist direction, the twist angle of the working section and an outer α 514 is greater than or equal twist angle β extended working section 2, a groove is formed by twisting direct fluid flow in the vane type; see FIG. 6, the blade 51 of the present invention shape from the transition 511 to the mounting section 513 of the working section 512 and extended tip portion is gradually narrowed, the thickness of each section of the blade gradually increases from the airfoil leading edge to the rear edge of the airfoil.

[0045] 具体地,见图9、图10、图12,所述外工作段514的扭转角α优选为35°〜45°,顺延工作段513的扭转角β优选为O〜45°,安装段512的安装角Θ优选为16°〜22°。 [0045] In particular, Figure 9, Figure 10, Figure 12, the working section 514 of the outer twist angle α is preferably 35 ° ~45 °, extended working section 513 of the torsion angle β is preferably O~45 °, mounted section 512 of the mounting angle Θ is preferably 16 ° ~22 °.

[0046] 进一步地,见图9、图10,图11,所述安装段512、顺延工作段513及外工作段514均为空心壳体,且在顺延工作段513及外工作段514的空心壳体内沿叶片跨度方向设有多个加强筋516,而所述安装段512的空心壳体内部的中空槽为与轮毂52上的凸块520配合的安装槽517,轮毂52上的凸块520的横剖面形状与叶根部510的翼剖面形状相同,具体,叶片51安装时,将轮毂52上的凸块520嵌入叶根部510的安装槽517内,并将二者紧固连接,由此实现叶片51与轮毂52的安装。 [0046] Further, Figure 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, the mounting section 512, section 513 and extended the work of the working section 514 are a hollow outer housing and a hollow in the working section 513 and the outer extended working section 514 the housing is provided with a plurality of spanwise along the blade stiffener 516, and the mounting section 512 of the hollow interior of the hollow housing to mate with a groove 520 on the projections 52 of the hub mounting groove 517, projections 520 on the hub 52 the airfoil cross-sectional shape and cross-sectional shape of the blade root 510 is the same, particularly, the blade 51 is mounted, the fastening projection on the inner hub 52 520 510 embedded in the blade root mounting groove 517, and the two, thereby achieving mounting the blade 51 to the hub 52.

[0047] 见图1、图2,图3,所述外扩段41通过管路14连接有制雾装置15,制雾装置15位于外狭管I外部,管路14伸入外扩段41内,且伸入外扩段41内的管段上连接有喷嘴16,发电机6产生的电能驱动制雾装置15工作,其中,制雾装置15可以采用空气压缩机及空气棒组成的现有结构,发电机6产生的电能储存在所述电瓶中,由所述电瓶提供电能驱动空气压缩机产生水雾,并通过管路14及喷嘴16将水雾从外扩段41喷出,具体地,管路14包括环绕在外扩段41上的环形管141,且所述环形管141沿周向设有多个喷嘴接管142,多个喷嘴接管142伸入所述外扩段41,喷嘴16接在所述喷嘴接管142上,由此在外扩段41的周向上均匀喷出水雾。 [0047] Figures 1, 2, 3, the extended section 41 via a line 14 is connected to means 15 made of mist, fog apparatus manufactured outside of the outer tube 15 positioned slots I, the tubing 14 extends into the flared segment 41 the inner nozzle 16 is connected to, and extends into the extended section of the inner pipe 41, the generator 6 generates the drive system 15 operating power mist apparatus, wherein the apparatus 15 may be manufactured by conventional mist air compressor and the air bar structure composed using , the generator 6 generates electric energy stored in the battery, the power provided by the battery driving the air compressor generates mist, and the mist 16 is ejected from the extended section 41 via a line 14 and a nozzle, in particular, line 14 includes an annular tube 141 surrounds the outer diffuser section 41, and the annular pipe 141 provided with a plurality of nozzles circumferentially takeover 142, 142 extend into the plurality of nozzles takes over the flared section 41, 16 connected to the nozzle take over the nozzle 142, thereby expanding the outer peripheral section 41 of the uniform mist is atomized upwardly.

[0048] 本发明中的运行方式如下: [0048] The mode of operation of the present invention are as follows:

风从外狭管I的进风口进入,由于逐缩式的内狭管2整体套设在外狭管I内,因此,夕卜狭管I内周面与内狭管2外周面之间的空间的逐缩程度减小,而在内狭管2的外周面上设有锥套3,使得外狭管I内周面与内狭管2外周面之间的空间的逐缩程度增加,由此,风速随着外狭管I内周面与内狭管2外周面之间的空间的管道截面积的逐渐缩小而逐渐增强,在前导风罩12的引导下风速进一步增加,并经导叶7调整方向后,冲击叶轮5的叶片51,从而将集中的风能转换为叶片51的动能,由叶轮5带动发电机6的中心轴转动,使发电机6发电,损失大部分能量的风在后导风罩13的导风作用下,经尾流管4的外扩段41排出;由于气流在通过外狭管I后形成高速气流,高速气流在推动叶片51转动之后流速明显降低,因此在尾流管4内产生风屏,此时从内狭管2的进风口进入内狭管2内的风,经 Air from the air inlet outside the narrow tube I enters, since by compacted in the narrow tube 2 as a whole sleeved outer narrow tube I, therefore, Xi Bu narrow tube inner peripheral surface I and the space between the outer peripheral surface of the narrow tube the degree of reduction by reduction, and the inner peripheral surface of the narrow tube 2 is provided with an outer cone sleeve 3, so that the outer surface of the narrow tube and the inner circumferential I narrow inner tube by increasing the degree of reduction of the space between the outer circumferential surface, whereby , as the wind speed is gradually reduced cross-sectional area of ​​the space between the outer peripheral surface of the narrow tube outer surface and the inner circumferential I narrow tube duct and gradually increased, the wind speed is further increased in the front cowl 12 of the guide, and by vanes 7 after reorientation, the impact blades 51 of the impeller 5 so as to concentrate wind energy converted into kinetic energy of the blades 51, the central shaft 6 is rotated by a generator driven by the impeller 5, the generator 6 generation, most of the energy loss in the wind guide the wind guide action of the wind shield 13, via the tail flow tube flared section 41 of the exhaust; as stream a high velocity gas stream after passing through the outer narrow tube I, high velocity gas stream significantly reduce the flow rate after pushing the blade 51 is rotated, so the wake wind screen generated in the tube 4, this time into the wind in the inner tube 2 from the air inlet slots narrow inner tube 2, by 逐缩式的内狭管2后,风速逐渐增强,内狭管2中的快速气流可以冲破风屏,并带动尾流管4内的慢速气流加速排出尾流管4,从而保证整个管道中气流的通畅性,风的流向如图2中箭头方向所示,尾流管4的外扩段41的出风口处进一步采用了波纹型锯齿结构,尾流管4外部高速流动的气流从外扩段41的齿缝中进入管道内,使得尾流管4内流速相对较慢的气流加速,进一步促进尾流的排放,由此降低了叶片51背面的压强,使叶片51后部形成了低压区,由于叶面正面、背面的压强差增加,在尾流管4尾部周边形成负压,使外狭管I和内狭管2的进风口能够吸纳更多的空气进入管道。 2, the wind speed gradually increased by the reduction of Formula narrow inner tube, the inner tube 2, the narrow stream can quickly break the wind screen, and promote slow air flow within the flow tube 4 to accelerate the discharge end of the flow tube 4, to ensure that the entire pipe the direction of arrow 2 patency airflow, air flow as shown, the outlet section of the outer diffuser 41 of the tail pipe flow using a further corrugated zigzag structure, the outer end of the flow tube 4 stream flowing out from the high-speed expansion interproximal section 41 into the conduit, the inner tube 4 such that the tail of the flow rate is relatively slow air flow acceleration, to further promote the discharge of the wake, thus reducing the pressure on the back of the blade 51, the blade 51 is formed the rear region of low pressure , due to the increased pressure difference between the front leaf, the back surface, a negative pressure is formed in the periphery of the tail end of the flow tube 4, the outer and inner slots I funneling air inlet tube 2 is able to absorb more air into the duct.

[0049] 在外狭管I的管壁上沿圆周设有泄风口18,且通过设置启闭门8来控制泄风口18的开、闭,其中,外门81通过推拉门的形式设在泄风口18外侧,内门以铰轴连接的形式设在泄风口18的内侧,当管内风速过大时,通过控制系统检测并发出信号,控制外门81直线移动以及内门82向管内翻转从而打开泄风口18,通过泄风口18的作用,将管内过剩的气流排出,从而使外狭管I内的风速维持在合理范围内,保护发电机6不过载,确保发电机6的持续稳定发电,通过消声丝10的设置,能够大幅降低管内快速气流从泄风口18排出时所产生的噪音。 [0049] On the outer wall of the narrow tube is provided with a discharge outlet 18 I circumferentially, and by opening and closing a door 8 is provided to control the discharge outlet 18 is opened and closed, wherein the outer door 81 by sliding door provided in the form of air vent 18 outside, the door is provided in the form of hinge shaft connected inside the discharge outlet 18, when the inner tube wind speed is too large, it detects and signals the control system that controls the outer door 81 linearly moves and the inner door 82 is inverted in the inner tube so as to open drain tuyere 18, 18 by the action of the air vent, the excess gas stream exiting the inner tube, so that the wind speed of the outer tube slot I within reasonable range, but the protective carrier generator 6, to ensure a steady power generator 6, by eliminating provided acoustic wire 10, the inner tube can be significantly reduced noise resulting from the rapid flow discharge outlet 18 is discharged.

[0050] 在雾霾污染严重的环境下,PM2.5等粉尘微粒是污染大气的主要物质,也是很好的凝结核,而大气中的水分具有吸收、粘结、固定“微粒”的功能,本发明在尾流管4的外扩段41上通过管路连接有制雾装置15,当利用本发明所述风力发电系统进行风力发电后,将发电机6产生的绿色电能供给与外扩段41连接的制雾装置15,制雾装置15产生水雾后,又通过管路14、喷嘴16及外扩段41向大气中喷洒水雾,在水雾的凝结作用下,PM2.5等粉尘微粒从空气中沉降下来,从而在不影响生产制造的情况下,有效降低粉尘散发量,改善区域大气环境,从而达到从“本”降霾的目的,城市安装应用本发明所述具有制雾降霾功能的风力发电系统,可对现有大气污染进行长期净化,从而实现从“标”治霾的目的。 [0050] In severe environmental pollution haze, PM2.5 dust particles and other air pollution is the main material, also good condensation nuclei, the atmosphere having a moisture absorption, binding, fixing "particles" function, the power supply of the present invention is green in the flared end of the segment 41 of the flow tube 4 is connected via a line 15 with a braking means fog, wind turbine generator when the wind power generation system using the present invention, the generator 6 generates the extended section braking means 41 connected to the mist 15, manufactured after the mist generating device 15 mist, and through line 14, nozzle 16 and extended segment 41 spraying mist into the air, water mist under coagulation, PM2.5 dust etc. case of fallout from the air down, without impacting manufacturing, reduce emission from dust, improve regional atmospheric environment, so as to achieve the object of "the present" haze reduction, urban installation has made application of the invention Kirifuri haze wind power generation system function, may be a long existing purge air pollution, thereby achieving the purpose of the "standard" treatment haze. 本发明创造性地将风力发电系统应用于降霾的大气污染治理领域,通过绿色电能自我供给,以绿色风能治理大气污染,实现了绿色循环,加快了大气净化步伐,具有极高的社会效益及经济效益。 Creatively the wind power generation system of the present invention is applied to the field of air pollution control of haze reduction, green power supplied through the self, green wind air pollution, to achieve a green cycle to accelerate the pace of air purification, with high social and economic benefit.

[0051] 本发明所述具有制雾降霾功能的风力发电系统也能应用于现代农业农药喷洒、灌溉水喷洒、矿山及建筑工程降尘等其他应用领域。 [0051] The present invention is made having a haze haze reduction function wind power generation system is also applicable to modern agriculture pesticide spraying, irrigation water spraying, other applications in mining and construction dust and the like.

[0052] 以上描述是对本发明的解释,不是对发明的限定,本发明所限定的范围参见权利要求,在本发明的保护范围之内,可以作任何形式的修改。 [0052] The above description is an explanation of the present invention, not to limit the invention, as defined by the scope of the present invention found in the claims, within the scope of the present invention may be any form of modification.

Claims (12)

  1. 1.直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:包括外狭管(1),内狭管(2)整体套设于外狭管(I)内,内狭管(2)的外周面上固接有锥套(3),锥套(3)的宽头端位于外狭管(I)的尾部,且锥套(3 )上设有导叶(7 ),内狭管(2 )及锥套(3 )固定支撑在外狭管(I)内;内狭管(2)的排风口为外扩口;外狭管(I)的排风口端轴向固接有尾流管(4),叶轮(5)及发电机(6)装在尾流管(4)内,且叶轮(5)靠近外狭管(I)尾部,叶轮(5)上的叶片(51)在风力的驱动作用下旋转,驱动发电机(6)发电;尾流管(4)带有外扩段(41)。 1. Straight-funneling polyethylene Wind power generation system comprising: a outer narrow tube (1), the narrow tube (2) integral sleeve disposed within the outer narrow tube (the I), an outer periphery of the narrow tube (2) a tapered surface of the fixed sleeve (3), the drogue (3) located at the tail end of the wide head of the narrow outer tube (I), and the drogue has guide vanes (7) (3), the narrow tube (2 ) and the drogue (3) fixed to the outer support tube slots (I) therein; narrow inner tube (2) is flared outer exhaust port; narrow exhaust outlet end of the outer tube (I) is axially affixed with wake tube (4), the impeller (5) and a generator (6) mounted in the tail pipe flow (4), and an impeller (5) is close to the narrow outer tube (I) tail wheel (5) on the blades (51) rotational driving action of the wind, driving the generator (6) generating; wake tube (4) with a flared section (41).
  2. 2.按权利要求1所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述外狭管(I)的管壁上沿圆周设有多个泄风口(18),所述泄风口( 18)上设有启闭门(8),所述启闭门(8)用于打开或关闭泄风口(18)。 Wind-tube once-through slot 2. The wind power generator system according to claim 1, wherein: a plurality of circumferentially discharge outlet (18) on the outer wall of the narrow tube (I), said vent tuyere (18) is provided with opening and closing door (8), the opening and closing of the door (8) for opening and closing the drain outlet (18).
  3. 3.按权利要求1所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述叶轮(5)的前、后两侧分别设有前导风罩(12)、后导风罩(13),前导风罩(12)及后导风罩(13)均为锥形结构。 Straight-funneling wind-wind system according to claim 1, characterized in that: said front wheel (5), are provided on both sides of the front cowl (12), the air guide hood ( 13), the front cowl (12) and the rear air duct (13) are tapered structure.
  4. 4.按权利要求2所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述泄风口(18)内沿轴向设有多个周向杆件(9),多个周向杆件(9)将泄风口( 18)分隔成多个空间,周向杆件(9 )朝向泄风口( 18 )外部的侧面上设有多个消声丝(10 ),启闭门(8 )包括外门(81)和内门(82 ),外门(81)设在泄风口( 18 )的外侧,内门(82 )设在泄风口( 18 )的内侧,且泄风口(18)被分隔的所述多个空间内均设有一内门(82)。 Wind-tube once-through slot 4. The wind power generation system according to claim 2, wherein: said air vent (18) provided with a plurality of circumferentially lever (9), a plurality of axially circumferential direction the lever (9) the discharge outlet (18) is divided into a plurality of spaces, the periphery toward the vent outlet member (9) (18) is provided with a plurality of noise cancellation wire (10) on the outer side of the door opening and closing (8 ) comprises an outer door (81) and inner door (82), an outer door (81) is provided outside the discharge outlet (18), the inner door (82) is provided inside the discharge outlet (18), and the vent outlet (18) It said plurality of divided space has an inner door (82).
  5. 5.按权利要求1所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述外狭管(I)的进风口及内狭管(2)的进风口均采用外翻的收缩唇口,所述收缩唇口呈“O”形,且所述唇口的外翻部分与进风口外周面之间形成水滴状空间(20)。 Straight-funneling wind-wind system according to claim 1, wherein: said outer narrow tube (I), and an inner narrow inlet tube (2) into the outlet are shrink valgus forming drop-shaped space (20) between the lip, the lip contraction was "O" shape, and the lip portion and the outer circumferential surface of the everted inlet.
  6. 6.按权利要求1所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述外扩段(41)的出风口采用波纹型锯齿结构。 Straight-funneling wind-wind system according to claim 1, wherein: said flared section (41) of the outlet structure using zigzag corrugated.
  7. 7.按权利要求1所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述外扩段(41)上对称设有尾舵(11)。 Wind-tube once-through slot 7. The wind power generation system according to claim 1, wherein: said enlarged section are symmetrically arranged on the outer (41) rudder (11).
  8. 8.按权利要求1所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述叶轮(5)上的叶片(51)包括从叶根部(510)沿着叶片跨度方向向叶尖部(511)延展的安装段(512)、顺延工作段(513)及外工作段(514),顺延工作段(513)平滑连接于安装段(512)与外工作段(514之间,所述安装段(512)、顺延工作段(513)及外工作段(514)的翼型均采用圆头的非对称翼型,且所述三段的翼型后缘均采用光滑圆弧曲线来连接翼型的上表面及下表面,所述三段的翼型上表面及下表面均为弧面;安装段(512)的叶型部分为扭曲等截面叶型,顺延工作段(513)及外工作段(514)叶型部分均为扭曲变截面叶型,所述三段的扭转方向相同,均为翼型后缘相对于翼型前缘向叶片叶面(515)方向扭转,且外工作段(514)的扭转角α大于或等于顺延工作段(513)的扭转角β ;叶片的形状从叶尖部(511)到安装段(512)与顺延工作段(513)的 Wind-tube once-through slot 8. The wind power generator system according to claim 1, wherein: the impeller blade (5) (51) comprises a leaf from the root portion (510) along the spanwise direction to the tip of the blade portion (511) extending mounting section (512), extended working segment (513) and an outer working section (514), extended working segment (513) is smoothly connected to the mounting section (512) between the outer working segments (514, the said mounting section (512), extended the work of the airfoil section (513) and an outer working segments (514) are made of round asymmetric airfoil trailing edge of the airfoil and the three sections are made of a smooth arcuate curve connecting upper and lower surfaces of the airfoil, the upper and lower surfaces are cambered three sections of the airfoil; the airfoil portion of the mounting section (512) is a cross-sectional airfoil distortions, extended working segment (513) and (514) of the airfoil portion of the outer working segments are twisted airfoil variable cross-section, the same twist direction of the three segments, both with respect to the airfoil edge of the airfoil leading edge (515) direction of the twisted leaf blade, and the outer working segment (514) of the twist angle α is greater than or equal to the extended working section (513) twist angle beta]; shape of the blade from the tip portion (511) to the mounting segment (512) and the extended working section (513) of 渡连接处逐渐变窄,叶片各截面的厚度从翼型前缘到翼型后缘逐渐增大。 Tapering cross connection, the thickness of each section of the blade gradually increases from the airfoil leading edge to the trailing edge of the airfoil.
  9. 9.按权利要求8所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述外工作段(514)的扭转角α为35°~45°,所述顺延工作段(513)的扭转角β为O~35°,所述安装段(512)的安装角Θ为16。 Wind-tube once-through slot 9. The wind power generation system according to claim 8, wherein: said outer working segment (514) of the twist angle α of 35 ° ~ 45 °, the extended working segment (513) torsion angle β is O ~ 35 °, the mounting section (512) of the mounting angle Θ is 16. ~22°。 ~ 22 °.
  10. 10.按权利要求8所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述安装段(512)、顺延工作段(513)及外工作段(514)均为空心壳体,在顺延工作段(513)及外工作段(514)的空心壳体内沿叶片跨度方向设有多个加强筋(516)。 Wind-tube once-through slot 10. The wind power generation system according to claim 8, wherein: said mounting section (512), extended working segment (513) and an outer working segments (514) are hollow body, in the extended working segment (513) and an outer working section (514) of the hollow body is provided with a plurality of reinforcing ribs (516) in the direction of the blade span.
  11. 11.按权利要求10所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述安装段(512)的空心壳体内部的中空槽为与轮毂配合的安装槽(517)。 Wind-tube once-through slot 11. The wind power generation system according to claim 10, wherein: said housing is mounted inside the hollow section (512) with a hollow groove for the fitting of the hub mounting groove (517).
  12. 12.按权利要求1至11任一权利要求所述的直通式狭管聚风风力发电系统,其特征在于:所述外扩段(41)通过管路(14)连接有制雾装置(15),制雾装置(15)位于外狭管(1)外部,管路(14)伸入外扩段(41)内,且所述伸入外扩段(41)内的管段上连接有喷嘴(16),发电机(6 )产生的电能驱动制雾装置(15 )工作。 Wind-tube once-through slot 12. A wind power system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 11 claim, wherein: said flared section (41) connected to a braking means mist (via line 15 (14) ), manufactured by mist means (15) located outside the narrow tube (1) outside the line (14) extending into the flared section (41), and said upper pipe section extending into the flared inner segment (41) connected to a nozzle (16), power-driven means mist system (15) working generator (6) is produced.
CN 201410062994 2014-02-25 2014-02-25 Straight-funneling wind-wind power generation system CN103807102B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104747376A (en) * 2014-07-30 2015-07-01 鲁建成 Water and wind hybrid electricity generating device
CN104976064A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-10-14 李德生 Efficient negative-pressure accelerating wind-driven electricity generating system
WO2016119406A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Multilevel narrow tube wind-gathering wind power generation system
WO2016119405A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Narrow-pipe wind-concentration wind-power generation impeller module

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CN101865074A (en) * 2010-07-14 2010-10-20 吉林大学 Culvert device of horizontal axis wind-driven generator
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CN103233863A (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-08-07 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Twin-duct axial flow type wind power generation system
CN203796497U (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-08-27 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Straight-through type narrow tube wind-collecting wind power generation system

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JP2003328921A (en) * 2002-05-15 2003-11-19 Ko Yamaguchi Double wind collecting device
US20090263244A1 (en) * 2007-03-23 2009-10-22 Presz Jr Walter M Water Turbines With Mixers And Ejectors
CN101865074A (en) * 2010-07-14 2010-10-20 吉林大学 Culvert device of horizontal axis wind-driven generator
US20120328425A1 (en) * 2011-05-03 2012-12-27 Morales Franqui Jose E Double tunnel wind turbine
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CN104747376A (en) * 2014-07-30 2015-07-01 鲁建成 Water and wind hybrid electricity generating device
WO2016119406A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Multilevel narrow tube wind-gathering wind power generation system
WO2016119405A1 (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-04 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Narrow-pipe wind-concentration wind-power generation impeller module
CN104976064A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-10-14 李德生 Efficient negative-pressure accelerating wind-driven electricity generating system

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