CN103790259A - Novel post-earthquake self-reset concrete framework-center supporting structural system - Google Patents

Novel post-earthquake self-reset concrete framework-center supporting structural system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103790259A
CN103790259A CN201410061667.2A CN201410061667A CN103790259A CN 103790259 A CN103790259 A CN 103790259A CN 201410061667 A CN201410061667 A CN 201410061667A CN 103790259 A CN103790259 A CN 103790259A
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cup
shaped foundation
concrete
self
frame
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CN201410061667.2A
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CN103790259B (en
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高娇娇
苏经宇
王威
马东辉
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Science and technology innovation service center of Hunan Miluo circular economy industrial park
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Beijing University of Technology
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Abstract

The invention relates to a novel post-earthquake self-reset concrete framework-center supporting structural system, and belongs to the technical field of earthquake prevention and disaster reduction. The initial rigidity of an embedded type cup-shaped foundation is basically the same as the rigidity of a cast-in-place concrete structure, under the condition of a small interlayer displacement angle, prestressed steel keeps elasticity, energy consummation steel bars enter the plastic state to dissipate energy, and the embedded type cup-shaped foundation can reset to the initial position after the earthquake action. Compared with the prior art, the novel post-earthquake self-reset concrete framework-center supporting structural system overturns a traditional concrete structural building foundation, and basically solves the difficult problems that concrete structures are not easy to assemble and poor in ductility. Compared with the traditional concrete structural foundation, the novel post-earthquake self-reset concrete framework-center supporting structural system has the advantages of being high in safety performance, small in environmental pollution, few in accident, low in manufacturing cost of projects and the like.

Description

Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after a kind of novel shake
Technical field
The present invention relates to Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after a kind of novel shake, belong to protection against and mitigation of earthquake disasters technical field.
Background technology
In earthquake, collapsing of building structure is to threaten people's life safety and the topmost reason that causes any property loss.Wenchuan and Yaan earthquake show that concrete structure anti-seismic performance is not good, weak foundation, China's concrete structure is main architecture structure form at present, especially prestressed reinforced concrete construction technology is in international most advanced level, the application of prestressing technique can reduce the amount of deflection of beam, increase the span of beam, also can play the effect of the rear Self-resetting of shake.Performance prestressing technique advantage, applies it on concrete frame basis, can improve anti-seismic performance and the self-resetting capability of cup-shaped foundation, and concrete frame basic engineering obtains the fine or not quality that directly has influence on concrete structure.If concrete component does not destroy, lost efficacy in basis, just do not reach the original intention of seismic design of structures, more can not meet the design concept of " strong basis plinth ".
In recent years, concrete anti-earthquake research based on performance design and design are conceived to promote the rear performance of concrete structure shake more and more, to guarantee the safety of China's primary structure form-concrete structure, to by the ingehious design to structure, reduce to greatest extent earthquake loss.Compare with basis with superstructure, the anti-seismic performance of superstructure and basic junction is more important.But in earthquake, junction does not show due ductility and good anti-seismic performance, and has occurred prematurely the phenomenon such as gap, crackle.After earthquake, even if structure does not collapse, also can be because of excessive expendable plasticity permanent set has occurred, and finally still need to be removed, to rebuild.At present, concrete superstructure becomes one of the primary study in concrete structure field content with basic being connected.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after a kind of novel shake of one that belongs to protection against and mitigation of earthquake disasters technical field, its object is to improve concrete structure anti-seismic performance, repairs difficulty and maintenance cost after reducing shake.After novel shake, Self-resetting concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation basic comprising comprises the members such as frame column, cup-shaped foundation, prestressed reinforcement, power consumption reinforcing bar.Concrete structure is in work progress, cup-shaped foundation and frame column are prefabricated units, frame column has run through power consumption reinforcing bar while construction in workshop, reserving hole by power consumption reinforcing bar through cup-shaped foundation, and apply prestressing force, utilize permanent ground tackle to be fixed on the bottom of cup-shaped foundation, then with performance prestressed high reinforcing bar the reserving hole through frame column and cup-shaped foundation, this prestressed reinforcement make frame column with basic be connected tightr.Outstanding cone-shaped end is arranged at frame column bottom, and cup-shaped foundation is provided with cone tank in relevant position, and such mosaic joint can guarantee that frame column is connected closely with cup-shaped foundation, and larger opposing shearing is provided.The power consumption reinforcing bar main dissipative member of type of attachment for this reason, makes it have better Hysteresis Behavior, and ductility factor greatly improves.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after a kind of novel shake, the initial stiffness of mosaic cup-shaped foundation and the rigidity of cast-in-place concrete structure are substantially suitable, the in the situation that of less at relative storey displacement angle, prestressed reinforcement still keeps elasticity, power consumption reinforcing bar enters plastic state with dissipation energy, and after geological process, mosaic cup-shaped foundation can be returned to its initial position.
Prestressed applying makes concrete frame structure can obtain higher safety factor.The major advantage of prestressing force mosaic cup-shaped foundation: have self-centering ability, thereby greatly reduced the rear permanent set of shake; Initial stiffness is large similar to cast-in-place concrete structure rigidity; Geological process lower prestress reinforcing bar keeps elasticity, and nonelastic deformation concentrates on power consumption reinforcing bar, and carrys out dissipation energy by the nonelastic deformation of power consumption reinforcing bar; After greatly reducing shake, repair difficulty and cost.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect.
1, after novel shake in Self-resetting concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation, the cup-shaped foundation, the frame column that adopt are all prefabricated units, can be in factory process, assemble job site, and such construction method can solve the difficult problem that prefabricated concrete structure basis is difficult for assembling.
2, Self-resetting concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation after described novel shake, adopt prefabricated units to carry out Assembling completely, cancel the traditional approach of job site concreting, effectively guarantee construction quality, the environment pollution of having avoided concreting to cause completely, realize site operation " anhydrous, without fire, dustless " three without standard, reduced the generation of the hazardous accidents such as fire.When the present invention removes at member, can recycle efficiently, reduce building waste, real realization the theory of environmental protection, be concrete frame structure a kind of green, sustainable development basis.
3, Self-resetting concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation after described novel shake, adopts prestressing force Self-resetting base form, has realized the Self-resetting of shake posterior nodal point, has greatly reduced the rear rehabilitation cost of shake; Improve the anti-seismic performance of basis and superstructure junction, thereby improve the anti-seismic performance of frame structure system.
4, after the novel shake that the present invention proposes, Self-resetting concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation is to the overturning of traditional concrete structure building foundation, and has substantially solved the poor difficult problem of difficult assembling, ductility of concrete structure; The plurality of advantages such as compared with traditional concrete structure basis, it is high that it has security performance, and environment pollution is little, and the few and construction costs of security incident is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is Self-resetting suspension column position view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the generalized section of Self-resetting of the present invention basis and frame column.
Fig. 3 is the fractionation schematic diagram of Self-resetting of the present invention basis and frame column.
Fig. 4 is cup-shaped foundation floor map of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is cup-shaped foundation side elevation schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is frame column generalized section of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is V font lateral resisting accentric support schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is herringbone lateral resisting accentric support schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is cantilever lever I schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 10 is V font cantilever lever II schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 11 is herringbone cantilever lever II schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 12 is Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system schematic diagram after novel shake of the present invention.
In figure: 1, power consumption reinforcing bar, 2, prestressed reinforcement, 3, permanent ground tackle, 4, cup-shaped foundation, 5, frame column, 6, pea gravel concreten, 7, cone-shaped end, 8, the reserved power consumption of cup-shaped foundation reinforcing bar hole, 9, the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole of cup-shaped foundation, 10, cone tank, 11, the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole of frame column, 12, billet, 13, bolt, 14, diagonal brace, 15, cantilever lever I, 16, cantilever lever II.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after a kind of novel shake, this structural system comprises Self-resetting concrete frame, central support structure.
As shown in Fig. 1-6, the Self-resetting concrete frame of this structural system comprises cup-shaped foundation 4, frame column 5; Described cup-shaped foundation 4 is platform shape cone structure, the platform shape cone platform of cup-shaped foundation 4 is provided with the groove step with frame column 5 cylindroid assemblings, in the middle of groove step, be provided with cone tank 10, cone tank 10 two ends of groove step plane are provided with the reserved power consumption of cup-shaped foundation reinforcing bar hole 8 side by side, and cone tank 10 intermediate layers of groove step plane are provided with the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole 9 of cup-shaped foundation side by side; The reserved power consumption of described cup-shaped foundation reinforcing bar hole 8 is parallel construction with the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole 9 of cup-shaped foundation.
Frame column 5 is cylindricality conehead structure, and frame column 5 one end are cone-shaped end 7, and can match with the cone tank of cup-shaped foundation 4 10, and the other end is cylindrical cross-section; In the middle of frame column 5, being provided with the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole 11 of frame column aligns with the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole 9 of cup-shaped foundation side by side of cup-shaped foundation 4; In frame column 5, be furnished with the power consumption reinforcing bar 1 coordinating with the reserved power consumption of the cup-shaped foundation reinforcing bar hole 8 in cup-shaped foundation 4; Prestressed reinforcement 2 is reserved the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole 9 of prestressed reinforcement hole 11, cup-shaped foundation by frame column cup-shaped foundation 4 is connected with frame column 5; Power consumption reinforcing bar 1 is fixing by permanent ground tackle 3 with prestressed reinforcement 2; Described pea gravel concreten 6 is filled in cylindroid and the cup-shaped foundation 4 groove surface contact positions of frame column 5.
After described novel shake in Self-resetting concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation, frame column 5 has run through power consumption reinforcing bar 1 when prefabricated, in the time that frame column 5 and cup-shaped foundation 4 are assembled, power consumption reinforcing bar 1, through the power consumption reinforcing bar reserving hole 8 of cup-shaped foundation, utilizes permanent ground tackle 3 power consumption reinforcing bar 1 to be anchored in to the bottom of cup-shaped foundation 4.
In the cup-shaped foundation of described Self-resetting concrete frame, cup-shaped foundation 4 positions are at post and ground connecting place.
As shown in Fig. 7-11, after the novel shake of one of the present invention, in Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system, its V font lateral resistant member comprises diagonal brace 14, cantilever lever I15 and cantilever lever II16; Cantilever lever I15 is connected on concrete column and concrete beam by billet 12 use bolts 13, and diagonal brace 14 is connected with bolt by cover plate with cantilever lever I15; Cantilever lever II16 is connected on concrete beam by billet 12 use bolts 13, and diagonal brace 14 is connected with bolt by cover plate with cantilever lever II16; Diagonal brace section form is H shaped steel, i shaped steel, double flute steel compound section or double angle compound section; Described diagonal brace 14 is rolled products of ordinary high-strength steel plate strip or buckling-restrained energy-dissipation or energy-consumption damper support.
As shown in Figure 8, after the novel shake of one of the present invention, in Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system, its herringbone lateral resistant member comprises diagonal brace 14, cantilever lever I15, cantilever lever II16; Cantilever lever I15 is connected on concrete column and concrete beam by billet 12 use bolts 13, and diagonal brace 14 is connected with bolt by cover plate with cantilever lever I15; Cantilever lever II16 is connected on concrete beam by billet 12 use bolts 13, and diagonal brace 14 is connected with bolt by cover plate with cantilever lever II16; Diagonal brace section form is H shaped steel, i shaped steel, double flute steel compound section, double angle compound section; Described diagonal brace 14 is rolled products of ordinary high-strength steel plate strip or buckling-restrained energy-dissipation or energy-consumption damper support.
As shown in figure 12, Self-resetting concrete frame, central support structure form Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after this novel shake after assembly.

Claims (3)

1. Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after novel shake, is characterized in that: this structural system comprises Self-resetting concrete frame, central support structure;
The Self-resetting concrete frame of this structural system comprises cup-shaped foundation (4), frame column (5); Described cup-shaped foundation (4) is platform shape cone structure, the platform shape cone platform of cup-shaped foundation (4) is provided with the groove step with the assembling of frame column (5) cylindroid, in the middle of groove step, be provided with cone tank (10), cone tank (10) two ends of groove step plane are provided with cup-shaped foundation reserved power consumption reinforcing bar hole (8) side by side, and cone tank (10) intermediate layer of groove step plane is provided with the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole (9) of cup-shaped foundation side by side; Described cup-shaped foundation reserved power consumption reinforcing bar hole (8) is parallel construction with the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole (9) of cup-shaped foundation;
Frame column (5) is cylindricality conehead structure, and frame column (5) one end is cone-shaped end (7), and can match with the cone tank of cup-shaped foundation (4) (10), and the other end is cylindrical cross-section; In the middle of frame column (5), being provided with the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole (11) of frame column aligns with the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole (9) of cup-shaped foundation side by side of cup-shaped foundation (4); In frame column (5), be furnished with the power consumption reinforcing bar (1) coordinating with the cup-shaped foundation reserved power consumption reinforcing bar hole (8) in cup-shaped foundation (4); Prestressed reinforcement (2) is reserved the reserved prestressed reinforcement hole (9) of prestressed reinforcement hole (11), cup-shaped foundation by frame column cup-shaped foundation (4) is connected with frame column (5); Power consumption reinforcing bar (1) is fixing by permanent ground tackle (3) with prestressed reinforcement (2); Described pea gravel concreten (6) is filled in cylindroid and cup-shaped foundation (4) the groove surface contact position of frame column (5);
After the novel shake of described one, in Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system, its V font lateral resistant member comprises diagonal brace (14), cantilever lever I(15) and cantilever lever II(16); Cantilever lever I(15) be connected on concrete column and concrete beam diagonal brace (14) and cantilever lever I(15 with bolt (13) by billet (12)) be connected with bolt by cover plate; Cantilever lever II(16) be connected on concrete beam diagonal brace (14) and cantilever lever II(16 with bolt (13) by billet (12)) be connected with bolt by cover plate; Diagonal brace section form is H shaped steel, i shaped steel, double flute steel compound section or double angle compound section; Described diagonal brace (14) is rolled products of ordinary high-strength steel plate strip or buckling-restrained energy-dissipation or energy-consumption damper support;
After the novel shake of described one, in Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system, its herringbone lateral resistant member comprises diagonal brace (14), cantilever lever I(15), cantilever lever II(16); Cantilever lever I(15) be connected on concrete column and concrete beam diagonal brace (14) and cantilever lever I(15 with bolt (13) by billet (12)) be connected with bolt by cover plate; Cantilever lever II(16) be connected on concrete beam with bolt (13) by billet (12), diagonal brace (14) is connected with bolt by cover plate with cantilever lever II (16); Diagonal brace section form is H shaped steel, i shaped steel, double flute steel compound section, double angle compound section; Described diagonal brace (14) is rolled products of ordinary high-strength steel plate strip or buckling-restrained energy-dissipation or energy-consumption damper support;
Self-resetting concrete frame, central support structure form Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after this novel shake after assembly.
2. Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after the novel shake of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: after described novel shake in Self-resetting concrete frame structure cup-shaped foundation, frame column (5) has run through power consumption reinforcing bar (1) when prefabricated, in the time that frame column (5) is assembled with cup-shaped foundation (4), power consumption reinforcing bar (1) is through the power consumption reinforcing bar reserving hole (8) of cup-shaped foundation, utilizes permanent ground tackle (3) reinforcing bar (1) that will consume energy to be anchored in the bottom of cup-shaped foundation (4).
3. Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after the novel shake of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in the cup-shaped foundation of described Self-resetting concrete frame, cup-shaped foundation (4) position is at post and ground connecting place.
CN201410061667.2A 2014-02-24 2014-02-24 Self-resetting concrete frame-central support structure system after a kind of shake Active CN103790259B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104652600A (en) * 2015-02-25 2015-05-27 海南大学 Recoverable function framework structure system
CN104674941A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-06-03 海南大学 Tubular structure system capable of restoring functions
CN104674938A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-06-03 海南大学 Aseismic structure system capable of restoring functions
CN107435455A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-12-05 陈云 Self-resetting steel frame

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011162982A (en) * 2010-02-08 2011-08-25 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Building
CN102409606A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-04-11 清华大学 Self-resetting pier column structural system with built-in energy dissipation assembly and implementing method for self-resetting piper column structural system
CN103088918A (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-05-08 北京建筑工程学院 Novel prefabricate prestressed steel frame girder-column pitch point with post-earthquake self-reset function
CN103276793A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-04 北京工业大学 Hollow irregular column multi-layer high-rise assembling steel frame-central support system
CN103362210A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-10-23 中国矿业大学 Prestress assembly frame structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2011162982A (en) * 2010-02-08 2011-08-25 Takenaka Komuten Co Ltd Building
CN102409606A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-04-11 清华大学 Self-resetting pier column structural system with built-in energy dissipation assembly and implementing method for self-resetting piper column structural system
CN103088918A (en) * 2013-02-05 2013-05-08 北京建筑工程学院 Novel prefabricate prestressed steel frame girder-column pitch point with post-earthquake self-reset function
CN103276793A (en) * 2013-06-08 2013-09-04 北京工业大学 Hollow irregular column multi-layer high-rise assembling steel frame-central support system
CN103362210A (en) * 2013-07-08 2013-10-23 中国矿业大学 Prestress assembly frame structure

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104674941A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-06-03 海南大学 Tubular structure system capable of restoring functions
CN104674938A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-06-03 海南大学 Aseismic structure system capable of restoring functions
CN104652600A (en) * 2015-02-25 2015-05-27 海南大学 Recoverable function framework structure system
CN107435455A (en) * 2017-08-23 2017-12-05 陈云 Self-resetting steel frame

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