CN103723148A - Methods and systems for a four wheel drive vehicle driveline - Google Patents

Methods and systems for a four wheel drive vehicle driveline Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103723148A
CN103723148A CN201310481294.XA CN201310481294A CN103723148A CN 103723148 A CN103723148 A CN 103723148A CN 201310481294 A CN201310481294 A CN 201310481294A CN 103723148 A CN103723148 A CN 103723148A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
engine
disg
driving engine
transmission
wheel drive
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310481294.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103723148B (en
Inventor
J·A·多尔因
A·O`C·吉布森
G·M·皮尔特伦
J·W·L·麦克卡莱姆
藤井雄二
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福特环球技术公司
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Priority to US13/652,359 priority Critical patent/US9278692B2/en
Priority to US13/652,359 priority
Application filed by 福特环球技术公司 filed Critical 福特环球技术公司
Publication of CN103723148A publication Critical patent/CN103723148A/en
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Publication of CN103723148B publication Critical patent/CN103723148B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/50Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
    • B60K6/52Driving a plurality of drive axles, e.g. four-wheel drive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/42Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle
    • B60K6/48Parallel type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W10/00Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
    • B60W10/02Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of driveline clutches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W10/00Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
    • B60W10/02Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of driveline clutches
    • B60W10/023Fluid clutches
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W10/00Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
    • B60W10/04Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of propulsion units
    • B60W10/06Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of propulsion units including control of combustion engines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W10/00Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
    • B60W10/04Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of propulsion units
    • B60W10/08Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of propulsion units including control of electric propulsion units, e.g. motors or generators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W20/00Control systems specially adapted for hybrid vehicles
    • B60W20/10Controlling the power contribution of each of the prime movers to meet required power demand
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W30/00Purposes of road vehicle drive control systems not related to the control of a particular sub-unit, e.g. of systems using conjoint control of vehicle sub-units, or advanced driver assistance systems for ensuring comfort, stability and safety or drive control systems for propelling or retarding the vehicle
    • B60W30/18Propelling the vehicle
    • B60W30/18009Propelling the vehicle related to particular drive situations
    • B60W30/18036Reversing
    • B60W30/18045Rocking, i.e. fast change between forward and reverse
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/42Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle
    • B60K6/48Parallel type
    • B60K2006/4825Electric machine connected or connectable to gearbox input shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W2510/00Input parameters relating to a particular sub-units
    • B60W2510/10Change speed gearings
    • B60W2510/1005Transmission ratio engaged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W2540/00Input parameters relating to occupants
    • B60W2540/12Brake pedal position
    • Y02T10/6221
    • Y02T10/6252
    • Y02T10/6265
    • Y02T10/6286

Abstract

Systems and methods for improving operation of a hybrid vehicle are disclosed. In one example, driveline operation may be adjusted in response to operating the hybrid vehicle in a four wheel drive low gear range. The approaches may improve vehicle drivability and reduce driveline degradation.

Description

For the method and system of 4Wdvehicle transmission system

[technical field]

The present invention relates to driving performance for improving vehicle and the system and method for fuel efficiency.The method may be particularly useful for the driving engine that is optionally connected to motor and change-speed box.

[background technology]

Motor vehicle driven by mixed power provides potentially the improvement to fuel efficiency and Vehicle Driving Cycle scope compared with non-mixed power car.But motor vehicle driven by mixed power can not turn round in a similar fashion when turning round in different transmission system configurations.In addition, if control command and response are transformed into four wheel drive bottom gear bit pattern (four wheel drive low gear mode) from two-wheeled or four-wheel top gear bit pattern simply, these control commands and not tool response likely of response.For example, when the same way that vehicle starts during in two-wheel drive mode with vehicle during in four wheel drive low speed gear scope is restarted the driving engine stopping, vehicle may not can with in two-wheel drive mode, start the consistent mode of vehicle and start vehicle.

[summary of the invention]

Contriver recognizes above-mentioned shortcoming and has developed a kind of method that regulates motor vehicle driven by mixed power running at this, comprises: when motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with four wheel drive low speed gear scope, in response to the first situation, automatically restart driving engine; And when not turning round with four wheel drive low speed gear scope, motor vehicle driven by mixed power automatically restarts driving engine in response to the second situation except the first situation.

By processing transmission system operation mode, can improve the vehicle launch in different transmission system operation modes.For example, when with some transmission system mode operation vehicles, may more wish by driving engine and electric motor starting vehicle.In addition when transmission system mode operation vehicle with other, may wish only by electric motor starting vehicle.In some transmission system patterns, only by electric motor starting vehicle, can provide more smooth-going startup.On the contrary, in other transmission system pattern, by driving engine and electric motor starting vehicle, can improve startup ride comfort.

According to one embodiment of present invention, further comprise, compared with the engine idle time after having met engine automatic stop situation rather than time of idle running with when with four wheel drive high speed gear scope running motor vehicle driven by mixed power, engine automatic stop situation rather than time of idle running longer engine idle time of running engine afterwards when with four wheel drive low speed gear scope running motor vehicle driven by mixed power, have been met.

According to one embodiment of present invention, further comprise the wheel torque amount of wishing in response to threshold value when not with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running motor vehicle driven by mixed power and automatically restart driving engine.

According to one embodiment of present invention, further comprise in response to the open and close condition that regulates transmission system cut-off clutch with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running motor vehicle driven by mixed power.

According to one embodiment of present invention, regulate the open and close condition of transmission system cut-off clutch to comprise transmission system cut-off clutch application plan when being different from high speed gear scope four wheel drive running motor vehicle driven by mixed power and open and close transmission system cut-off clutch.

According to one embodiment of present invention, regulate the open and close condition of transmission system cut-off clutch to comprise the open and close transmission system cut-off clutch according to being different from transmission system cut-off clutch application plan when turning round motor vehicle driven by mixed power with two-wheel drive mode.

According to one embodiment of present invention, further comprise based on stopping engine rotation with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running motor vehicle driven by mixed power in response to Vehicular battery reaches Second Threshold state-of-charge.

According to one embodiment of present invention, the pattern except low speed gear scope four wheel drive is two-wheel drive mode.

According to one embodiment of present invention, the pattern except low speed gear scope four wheel drive is high speed gear scope four wheel drive.

According to one embodiment of present invention, further comprise based on turning round motor vehicle driven by mixed power according to the first plan and open and close transmission system cut-off clutch with low speed gear scope four wheel drive.

According to one embodiment of present invention, further comprise based on turning round motor vehicle driven by mixed power according to the second plan and open and close transmission system cut-off clutch with two-wheel drive mode, the second plan is different from the first plan.

According to a further aspect in the invention, provide a kind of method of the running that regulates motor vehicle driven by mixed power, comprise: in response to chaufeur, select four wheel drive scope and automatically restart the driving engine stopping.

According to one embodiment of present invention, when in two-wheel drive scope, chaufeur is selected four wheel drive scope.

According to one embodiment of present invention, four wheel drive scope is high speed or low speed gear scope.

The present invention can provide multiple advantages.Particularly, the method can be improved the vehicle launch in different transmission system patterns.In addition, the method can be improved vehicular drive performance.Further, the method can reduce transmission system wearing and tearing, thereby increases the running life of transmission system.

Read the specific embodiment below separately or by reference to the accompanying drawings, above-mentioned advantage of the present invention and other advantage and feature will become apparent.

Should be understood that and provide above-mentioned summary for introducing in simplified form a series of principles, it will further be described in the specific embodiment.This does not also mean that key or the inner characteristic of identifying theme required for protection, and the scope of theme required for protection is determined by claims uniquely.In addition, theme required for protection is not limited to solution above or the embodiment of the shortcoming that in this specification sheets, arbitrary portion is mentioned.

[accompanying drawing explanation]

Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of driving engine;

Fig. 2 has shown the vehicle transmission system configuration of the first example;

Fig. 3 has shown the vehicle transmission system configuration of the second example;

Fig. 4 is the Part I of controlling the diagram of circuit of the transmission system of motor vehicle driven by mixed power;

Fig. 5 is the Part II of controlling the diagram of circuit of the transmission system of motor vehicle driven by mixed power;

Fig. 6 is the Part III of controlling the diagram of circuit of the transmission system of motor vehicle driven by mixed power;

Fig. 7 is the Part IV of controlling the diagram of circuit of the transmission system of motor vehicle driven by mixed power;

Fig. 8 is the Part V of controlling the diagram of circuit of the transmission system of motor vehicle driven by mixed power;

Fig. 9 is the Part VI of controlling the diagram of circuit of the transmission system of motor vehicle driven by mixed power;

Figure 10 is the Part VII of controlling the diagram of circuit of the transmission system of motor vehicle driven by mixed power;

Figure 11 is the anticipation exemplary sequence that running comprises the vehicle of PTO;

Figure 12 is the anticipation exemplary sequence that running comprises the vehicle of 4x4 low speed gear range mode (low gear range mode); And

Figure 13 is in response to track and the anticipation exemplary sequence of the vehicle that turns round.

[specific embodiment]

The present invention relates to control the transmission system of motor vehicle driven by mixed power.The motor vehicle driven by mixed power showing as Fig. 1-3 can comprise driving engine and motor.During vehicle operation, can pass through or not pass through integrated starter/generator (DISG) running engine of transmission system.DISG is integrated in the rotation on identical axis and when converter pump rotates with engine crankshaft in transmission system.In addition, DISG can optionally not engage with transmission system or be separation.Certainly, DISG is the necessary parts of transmission system.Further, DISG turns round in the time of can turning round at engine running or not.When not turning round, DISG belongs to transmission system with quality and the inertia of DISG when transmission system provides or absorb moment of torsion.The method running vehicle transmission system that can show according to Fig. 4-10.Figure 11-13 have shown the example vehicle running sequence of the method showing according to Fig. 4-10.

With reference to figure 1, explosive motor 10 comprises multiple cylinders, and its cylinder being presented in Fig. 1 is controlled by electronic engine control device 12.Driving engine 10 comprises that combustion chamber 30 and piston 36 are positioned at wherein and are connected to the cylinder wall 32 of bent axle 40.Flywheel 97 and Ring gear 99 are connected to bent axle 40.Starter 96 comprises pinion shaft 98 and miniature gears 95.Pinion shaft 98 can optionally advance miniature gears 95 with engagement annular gear 99.Starter 96 can directly be arranged on driving engine above or driving engine after.In some instances, starter 96 can optionally provide moment of torsion to bent axle 40 by band or chain.In one example, when not engaging with engine crankshaft starter 96 in normal condition.Combustion chamber 30 is shown as respectively and is communicated with induction maniflod 44 and dontake pipe 48 by inlet valve 52 and exhaust valve 54.Can be by vigor cam 51 and exhaust cam 53 turn round each air inlet and exhaust valve.The position of inlet cam 51 can be determined by inlet cam sensor 55.The position of exhaust cam 53 can be determined by exhaust cam sensor 57.

Fuel injector 66 is shown as and arranges directly to inject fuel in combustion cylinder 30, and those skilled in that art are referred to as direct injection.Alternately, fuel can be injected into inlet channel, those skilled in the art are referred to as intake port injection.Fuel injector 66 transmits fuel pro rata with the pulse width of the signal FPW that carrys out self-controller 12.Fuel is transported to fuel injector 66 by fuel system (not shown), and described fuel system comprises Fuel Tank, petrolift and fuel rail (not shown).Fuel injector 66 provides working current from the actuator 68 in response to controller 12.In addition, induction maniflod 44 is shown as and is communicated with to control air with the electronic throttle 62 of the position of optional adjusting throttle disk 64 and flows to induction maniflod 44 from air inlet 42.In one example, can use the direct injection system of low pressure, wherein fuel pressure can be promoted to about 20-30bar.Alternately, high pressure, twin-stage fuel system can be used for producing higher fuel pressure.In some instances, can be arranged on and to make throttle gate 62 between inlet valve 52 and induction maniflod 44 are inlet channel throttle gates for throttle gate 62 and throttle disk 64.

Distributor less ignition system 88 provides pilot spark to combustion chamber 30 in response to controller 12 by light-up plug 92.General or wide territory exhaust oxygen (UEGO) sensor 126 is shown as the dontake pipe 48 that is connected to catalytic convertor 70 upstreams.Alternately, available bifurcation exhaust gas oxygen sensor replaces UEGO sensor 126.

Wheel braking or the regenerative brake via DISG can be provided when using brake pedal 150 with pin 152.Brake pedal sensor 154 provides the signal of indication brake pedal position to controller 12.By drg servo-unit 140 assistive device 152 auxiliary foot application car brakes.

In one example, converter 70 can comprise multiple catalyst bricks.In another example, can use multiple emission control equipments, it is each has multiple bricks.Converter 70 can be three-way catalyst in one example.

Fig. 1 middle controller 12 is shown as conventional microcomputer, comprising: microprocessor unit 102, input/output end port 104, read-only memory (ROM) 106, random access memory 108, (keep alive) memory device 110 and routine data bus did not lose efficacy.Controller 12 is shown as the various signals of sensor that receive from being connected to driving engine 10, except those signals discussed above, also comprises: from the engine coolant temperature (ECT) of temperature sensor 112 that is connected to cooling cover 114; Be connected to the signal of acceleration pedal 130 for the position transduser 134 responding to pin 132 and should exert oneself; From the observed reading of manifold pressure (MAP) of pressure sensor 122 that is connected to induction maniflod 44; Carry out the engine position sensor signal of the Hall transducer 118 of self induction bent axle 40 positions; From the observed reading of the air quality that enters driving engine of sensor 120; From the observed reading of the Throttle Position of sensor 58.Also can respond to bar pressure (sensor does not show) for being processed by controller 12.Of the present invention preferred aspect, engine position sensor 118 produces in bent axle each when rotation the equi-spaced pulses of subscribing number, according to it, can determine engine speed (RPM).

In some instances, as the driving engines in motor vehicle driven by mixed power of Fig. 2 and 3 demonstrations can be connected to electro-motor/battery system.In addition, in some instances, can adopt other engine configurations, for example diesel motor.

During operation, the each cylinder in driving engine 10 experiences Otto cycle conventionally: circulation comprises inspiration stroke, compression stroke, expansion stroke and exhaust stroke.In inspiration stroke, common exhaust valve 54 is cut out and inlet valve 52 is opened.Air is by induction maniflod 44 flowing in combustion chambers 30, and piston 36 moves to the bottom of cylinder to increase the volume in combustion chamber 30.Those skilled in the art conventionally piston 36 is approached to the bottom of cylinder and when the terminal of its stroke (for example when combustion chamber 30 in maximum volume time) residing position be called bottom dead point (BDC).In compression stroke, inlet valve 52 and exhaust valve 54 are closed.Piston 36 moves so that the air in compression and combustion chamber 30 to the top of cylinder.Those skilled in the art by piston 36 terminal in its stroke and while approaching the top of cylinder (for example when combustion chamber 30 in minimum volume time) residing position be called top dead point (TDC).In the process of hereinafter referred to as spraying, fuel is introduced to combustion chamber.In the process of hereinafter referred to as igniting, the fuel of lighting injection by for example light-up plug 92 of known sparking mode causes burning.In expansion stroke, the gas of expansion pushes back to bottom dead point by piston 36.Bent axle 40 is converted to the motion of piston the rotary torque of S. A..Finally, during exhaust process, exhaust valve 54 opens that the air fuel mixture burning is released into dontake pipe 48, and piston is got back to top dead point.It is to be noted and be only described as embodiment above, and can change the open and/or closed timing of inlet valve, exhaust valve, for example, so that the overlapping or negative valve overlap of positive valve, postponement Intake Valve Closes or various other embodiment to be provided.

Fig. 2 is the block diagram of vehicle transmission system 200.Transmission system 200 can drive by driving engine 10.The engine starting system that can show by Fig. 1 or via DISG240 fire an engine 10.In addition, driving engine 10 can pass through torque drive device 204(such as fuel injector, throttle gate etc.) produce or adjusting moment of torsion.

Engine output torque can transfer to the input side of double mass flywheel 232.Engine speed and double mass flywheel input side position and rotating speed can be determined by engine position sensor 118.Double mass flywheel 232 can comprise that spring and independent quality (not shown) are for suppressing driveline torque disturbance.The outgoing side of double mass flywheel 232 is shown as the input side that is mechanically attached to cut-off clutch 236.Can drive electrically or hydraulically cut-off clutch 236.Position transduser 234 is arranged on outgoing position and the rotating speed with induction double mass flywheel 232 in cut-off clutch one side of double mass flywheel 232.The downstream of cut-off clutch 236 is shown as and is mechanically attached to DISG input shaft 237.

Can turn round DISG240 to provide moment of torsion to be converted to the electric energy being stored in electrical energy storage device 275 to transmission system 200 or by driveline torque.DISG240 has higher horsepower output capacity (power capacity) than the starter 96 showing in Fig. 1.In addition, DISG240 directly drive transmission system 200 or be transmitted be 200 directly drive.Do not have band, gear or chain that DISG240 is connected to transmission system 200.But DISG240 rotates with identical speed with transmission system 200.Electrical energy storage device 275 can be battery, cond or inducer.The downstream of DISG240 is mechanically attached to the pump impeller 285 of tor-con 206 via axle 241.The upstream side of DISG240 is mechanically attached to cut-off clutch 236.Tor-con 206 comprises the turbine 286 of input torque to input shaft 270.Input 270 is mechanically connected to automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter 208 by tor-con 206.Tor-con 206 can comprise can be by the power transmission (PTO) of driveline torque directed outwards or auxiliary mechanical load 252.PTO251 can be positioned at the pump impeller side of tor-con or the turbo-side of tor-con.In some instances, PTO can be included in automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter 208.PTO251 can also comprise reverse gear 287.

Tor-con 206 also comprises tor-con bypass lock-up clutch (TCC) 212.When TCC locks, moment of torsion directly transfers to turbine 286 from pump impeller 285.By controller 12 electric operating TCC.Alternately, can hydraulic locking TCC.In one example, tor-con can refer to the parts of change-speed box.Can determine torque converter turbine rotating speed and position by position transduser 239.In some instances, 238 and/or 239 can be torque sensors or can be knockdown position and torque sensor.

When torque converter lockup power-transfer clutch 212 separates completely, tor-con 206 transfers to automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter 208 by the Fluid Transport between torque converter turbine 286 and converter pump 285 by engine torque, thereby can amplify moment of torsion.On the contrary, when torque converter lockup power-transfer clutch 212 engages completely, by converter clutch, engine output torque is directly transferred to the input shaft 270 of change-speed box 208.Alternately, torque converter lockup power-transfer clutch 212 can be partly engaged, thereby the torque capacity that directly transfers to change-speed box can be regulated.Controller 12 is configurable for by regulating in response to multiple engine operating conditions or (driver-based) engine running request based on based on chaufeur the torque capacity transmitting by change-speed box 212.

Mechanical load 252 can be the Hydraulic Pump of the rise of running Snow shoveling device or truck mixer.Alternately, mechanical load 252 can be the mechanical device of rotation.Mechanical load controller 253 can communicate by letter via sensor 254, to provide position, rotating speed and the torque information of mechanical load 252 by communicating to connect 291 with controller 12.Sensor 254 provides position and rotary speed information to transmission information to the mechanical load controller 253 of controller 12 correspondingly to make to control PTO.

Automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter 208 comprises gear power-transfer clutch (for example gear 1-6) 211 and forward clutch 210.Can optionally engage gear power-transfer clutch 211 and forward clutch 210 with propelled vehicles.Thereby the moment of torsion output from automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter 208 can transfer to trailing wheel 216 with propelled vehicles via output shaft 260.Particularly, before output driving torque transfers to trailing wheel 216, automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter 208 can be at input shaft 270 place's transmission responses in the input driving torque of traveling state of vehicle.Moment of torsion can also be via part-time case 261 guide front wheels 217.

In addition, by engaging car side brake 218, can also apply friction force to wheel 216.In one example, in response to chaufeur, with his pin, jam on brake pedal (not shown) and can engage car side brake 218.In other example, controller 12 or the controller that is connected to controller 12 can apply for engaging car side brake.Equally, in response to chaufeur, his pin can be decreased to by separating car side brake 218 to the friction force of wheel 216 from brake pedal release.In addition,, as a part for engine automatic stop program, car brake can apply friction force to wheel 216 via controller 12.

Mechanical oil pump 214 can be communicated with to provide hydraulic pressure with automatic transmission with hydraulic torque converter 208 fluids and engage multiple change-speed boxs, such as forward clutch 210, gear power-transfer clutch 211 and/or torque converter lockup power-transfer clutch 212.For example, mechanical oil pump 214 can turn round according to tor-con 206, and can via input shaft 241, drive by the rotation of driving engine or DISG.Thereby the hydraulic pressure producing in mechanical oil pump 214 can increase with the increase of engine speed and/or DISG rotating speed, and can reducing and reduce with engine speed and/or DISG rotating speed.

Controller 12 is configurable for receiving the input from driving engine 10 the correspondingly moment of torsion output of control engine and/or the running of tor-con, change-speed box, DISG, power-transfer clutch and/or drg that show more in detail as Fig. 1.As an example, can be by regulating spark timing, fuel pulse width, fuel impulse timing and/or charge of air (by controlling throttle opening and/or valve timing, amount of valve lift) and the control engine moment of torsion output for the combination of the supercharging of turbine or mechanically-sapercharged engine.The in the situation that of diesel motor, controller 12 can be by controlling fuel pulse width, fuel impulse timing and the output of charge of air control engine moment of torsion.In all situations, can with control engine moment of torsion, export by cylinder basis (cylinder-by-cylinderbasis) upper engine control of carrying out.As known in the art, controller 12 can also flow to or the electric current that flows magnetic field (field) from DISG and/or armature loop is controlled moment of torsion output and the electric energy that DISG produces by adjusting.

When meeting idle stop (idle-stop) situation, controller 12 can be initiated engine stop by the fuel and the spark that stop to driving engine.But driving engine can continue rotation in some instances.In addition, in order to maintain a certain amount of torque in change-speed box, thereby controller 12 can be fixed on the turning unit of change-speed box 208 on the housing 259 of change-speed box and be fixed on vehicle frame.Especially, as US Patent, (application number is 12/833788, name is called the method for self-braking driving engine " control can ", be incorporated herein by reference in its entirety for intentional and object) describe, controller 12 can engage one or more transmission clutchs (such as forward clutch 210), and the transmission clutch of locking joint is to housing 259 and the vehicle frame of change-speed box.Can change the pressure of (for example increasing) transmission clutch to regulate the engagement state of transmission clutch, and the transmission torque of hope is provided.

During engine shutdown can also regulate car side brake pressure with secondary locking (tie up) change-speed box when the moment of torsion that reduces to transmit by wheel based on transmission clutch pressure.Particularly, when locking the transmission clutch of one or more joints, pass through application car side brake 218, can on change-speed box, apply contrary power, and be therefore applied on transmission system, thereby keep transmission gear to have the initiative engaging and transmission gear train in potential rotating energy, and mobile wheel not.In one example, at during engine shutdown, can regulate car side brake pressure to coordinate the locking of the application of car brake and the transmission clutch of joint.Like this, by regulating car side brake pressure and clutch pressure, when engine shutdown, can regulate the amount of torque retaining in change-speed box.When meeting while restarting situation and/or when vehicle driver wants to start vehicle, controller 12 can be restarted driving engine by recovering combusted cylinder.

With reference now to Fig. 3,, shown the second example vehicle transmission system configuration.The element that has a same numeral with the element in Fig. 2 in transmission system 300 is identical element by the running of describing in Fig. 2.So, for succinct object, dispense the description of element general between Fig. 2 and Fig. 3.The description of Fig. 3 is limited to the element different from element in Fig. 2.

Transmission system 300 comprises double-clutch-two layshaft gearbox 308.Change-speed box 308 is the hand-operated transmission automatically turning round in essence.Controller 12 turn round first clutch 310, second clutch 314, and travel mechanism 315 for example, to select between gear (1-5 gear) 317.Optionally open and close first clutch 310 and second clutch 314 are with gearshift between gear 317.Output shaft 260 transfers to wheel 216 by moment of torsion from change-speed box 308.

With reference now to Fig. 4,, shown the diagram of circuit of the exemplary method of the transmission system for controlling motor vehicle driven by mixed power.In the non-transient memory device of the controller 12 that the method in Fig. 4 can show in the system of Fig. 1-3, be stored as executable instruction.

At 401 places, method 400 is determined vehicle working condition.Vehicle working condition can include but not limited to the speed of a motor vehicle, brake pedal position, engine speed, engine load, 4x4 preference pattern, 4x2 preference pattern, vehicle chassis information (for example analysis of wheel vertical turns round, goes off course, jolts and waves) and the track gradient.After determining vehicle working condition, method 400 advances to 402.

At 402 places, method 400 judges whether to receive to PTO running request.The peripheral control unit that can communicate by letter by vehicle driver or with the power drive system controller 12 showing in Fig. 1-3 is made PTO running request.PTO running request indication wishes external loading to receive power from driving engine 10 and/or motor 240.If method 400 judges, make PTO running request, if answer is to be, method 400 advances to 412 of Fig. 5.Otherwise, method for otherwise method 400 advances to 403.

With reference now to Fig. 5,, method 400 judges that at 412 places PTO running request is still-mode or the transportable non-silent mode of vehicle for vehicle parking.For not needing mobile external loading, still-mode is useful.In still-mode, PTO rotating speed can be asked the fixed rotating speed (for example 540RPM) into the control command via for example, from external loading device (hydraulic pump control device) or chaufeur input when vehicle stop and/or while parking).In non-silent mode, PTO rotating speed may change with engine/motor rotating speed and the speed of a motor vehicle.Thereby moment of torsion can provide to PTO and the prime power of vehicle is provided.If method 400 judgement request still-modes, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 413.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 424.

At 413 places, method 400 judges whether to select pure DISG or motor PTO pattern.In pure DISG or motor PTO pattern, only by DISG rather than driving engine, to PTO, provide moment of torsion.This running allows PTO with reverse and forward running.If the PTO pattern of pure DISG is selected in method 400 judgement, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 414.Otherwise answer is otherwise method 400 advances to 434 of Fig. 6.

At 434 places, the closed transmission system cut-off clutch of method 400 mechanically links together driving engine and DISG.Driving engine or DISG can optionally stop using when driveline clutch is closed.After closed cut-off clutch, method 400 advances to 435.

At 435 places, method 400 judges that whether driving engine export higher than the threshold value torque range of threshold value torque level or alternately within the scope of it.If engine output torque higher than threshold value torque range or within, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 437.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method advances to 436.For example, if engine torque is 100 Nms (N-m), threshold value torque range is ± 10N-m, and threshold value moment of torsion is 108N-m, and answer is for being that method 400 advances to 437.

At 437 places, method 400 regulates engine torque and DISG moment of torsion so that the PTO rotating speed of hope to be provided.In one example, regulate engine loading to threshold level (for example maximum engine torque 90%) and subsequently DISG output torque the PTO of the hope level of rotating speed that provides is provided.If DISG output torque is in maximum horizontal and PTO rotating speed is less than the PTO rotating speed of hope, at current PTO rotating speed place, engine torque can be increased to maximum horizontal.After regulating driving engine and DISG moment of torsion, method 400 advances to 404 of Fig. 4.

In other example, when battery charge state (SOC) is higher than threshold level, before enabling driving engine DISG can output torque to threshold level.In addition, when PTO in still-mode and PTO torque demand driving engine can charging vehicle battery and provide electrical power to the electric network of vehicle while being less than available engine output torque.Thereby driving engine can drive PTO while DISG that engine torque is converted to electric energy with charging vehicle battery.

At 436 places, method 400 regulates engine torque so that the PTO rotating speed inactive DISG simultaneously of hope to be provided.Alternately, can be in providing current to the power generation mode of Vehicular battery at 436 DISG of place.Can keep PTO rotating speed by the controller 12 of determining the error between PTO rotating speed and the PTO rotating speed of reality of wishing.If actual PTO rotating speed is less than the PTO rotating speed of hope, can further opens engine air throttle to increase engine torque, thereby increase PTO rotating speed.If actual PTO rotating speed is higher than the PTO rotating speed of hope, can such as, by least one in multiple actuators (throttle gate, cam timing, waste gate, fuel injector, spark timing etc.), reduces engine torque, thereby reduce PTO rotating speed.After regulating engine torque, method 400 advances to 404 of Fig. 4.

Return to now Fig. 5, at 414 prescribing methods 400, judge that whether battery charge state (SOC) is higher than threshold level.In one example, can estimate threshold value state-of-charge by measuring cell pressure.If battery charge is higher than threshold level, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 417.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 415.In one example, threshold value state-of-charge is the charged level of minimum that does not occur deterioration of battery.

At 415 places, method 400 indicates imminent DISG to shut down.Can pass through light, display panel or voice actr indication DISG shuts down.Can higher than 414 places, mention at battery charge state the charged level of threshold value time the indication of imminent shutdown is provided.Alternately, fire an engine automatically when battery charge is decreased to threshold level and PTO and remains in operation.

At 416 places, method 400 stops to PTO, providing moment of torsion by DISG.The mode slope that can control declines (ramp down) DISG moment of torsion to avoid the rapid change of PTO moment of torsion.Method 400 advances to 404 of Fig. 4.

At 417 places, method 400 is opened transmission system cut-off clutch.The transmission system cut-off clutch of opening automatically separates driving engine from DISG.Thereby DISG can provide moment of torsion to PTO and not have owing to rotating the loss that driving engine of burned air-fuel mixture does not cause.Because PTO is in still-mode, the most of torque transfer that provide by DISG are to PTO.After opening cut-off clutch, method 400 advances to 418.

At 418 places, method 400 and mechanical load controller (for example 253 in Fig. 2) exchange control signal.Mechanical load controller can control PTO and driving engine is exported with the PTO that hope is provided.Alternately, mechanical load controller can receive from the instruction of power drive system controller and from sensor and provide control information to power drive system controller.The example signal exchanging between mechanical load controller and power drive system controller comprises but is not limited to PTO rotating speed, PTO setting position (position of for example actr (ball-screw)), PTO joint signal, PTO separation signal, PTO device end of run, PTO hand of rotation and PTO danger signal.After exchanging signal between mechanical load controller and power drive system controller, method 400 advances to 419.

At 419 places, method 400 judges whether to ask reverse PTO rotation.Can ask reverse PTO rotation by chaufeur or controller (such as mechanical load controller).If the request of antiport appears in method 400 judgement, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 420.If method 400 judges the request that does not occur contrarotation, answer be no (PTO is to be rotated in the forward) method 400 advance to 421.

At 420 places, rotation DISG makes PTO contrarotation.Can provide reverse PTO rotation by the reverse gear being integrated in PTO device.Can optionally engage reverse gear.Alternately, can make PTO with contrarotation, not need reverse gear by contrarotation DISG.The electric power that can be applied on DISG by reversal connection in some configurations by electronic commutation or alternately provides reverse DISG rotation.

At 421 places, method 400 is with rotation speed operation DISG and the PTO of hope.In one example, according to actual PTO rotating speed control DISG rotating speed.For example, can deduct actual PTO rotating speed so that PTO speed error to be provided from the PTO rotating speed of hope.Then can regulate the electric current being applied on DISG to regulate DISG moment of torsion to provide zero error between the PTO rotating speed actual and the PTO rotating speed of hope.If actual PTO rotating speed is less than the PTO rotating speed of hope, can increase DISG electric current.Alternately, depend on DISG design, can regulate the frequency providing to the electric power of DISG to regulate DISG moment of torsion.Regulate DISG rotating speed the PTO rotating speed of hope is provided after method 400 advance to 422.

At 422 places, method 400 judges that whether the device of PTO running is in the limit.In one example, the device of PTO running can be the ball-screw with start of a run and end of run limit switch.If the device of PTO running is in extreme limit of travel, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 423.Otherwise answer is otherwise method 400 advances to 404 of Fig. 4.

At 423 places, method 400 stops DISG and PTO rotation.The situation once the device of PTO running reaches capacity, reduces (ramp down) DISG and PTO rotation with the rate ramp of being scheduled to.Can with contrary direction, restart DISG by chaufeur or controller input.Like this, can turn round DISG and PTO moves the device of PTO running between two end positions.After stopping DISG rotation, method 400 advances to 404 in Fig. 4.

At 424 places, method judges that whether battery charge state is higher than threshold value state-of-charge.If battery charge state is higher than threshold level, answer is for being that method advances to 427.Otherwise answer is otherwise method 400 to 425.Threshold value state-of-charge assist in ensuring that the electric power that can provide enough to DISG to continue rotation PTO.

At 425 places, if being the method 400 stopping, driving engine enables driving engine.Can enable driving engine by fire an engine.In one example, when engaging, cut-off clutch can rotate the fire an engine via providing air, spark and fuel to driving engine by DISG.After enabling driving engine, method 400 advances to 426.

At 426 places, method 400 stops providing positive-torque (for example moment of torsion of rotary drive system) via DISG.But DISG is by being converted to transmission system rotation electric energy and can providing electric energy to Vehicular battery.After having reduced DISG positive output moment of torsion, method 400 advances to 427.

At 427 places, method 400 judges whether DISG can provide the wheel torque amount of hope and the extra preset torque amount of rotation PTO.In one example, retaining 25% of available DISG moment of torsion turns round for PTO.For example, if DISG is at it, the rotating speed place below reference rotation speed has the moment of torsion output capacity of 100N-m, can provide the DISG moment of torsion of 75N-m to produce wheel torque.Retain remaining 25N-m and be used for providing PTO moment of torsion.But if the wheel torque of wishing is lower, PTO can receive the available DISG output torque up to 75%.Can input the wheel torque of looking into value function or table and determine hope into the pump impeller that pedal position is converted to hope, turbine, change-speed box output or wheel torque by will speed up device pedal position.Then by the moment of torsion of hope and available DISG torque ratio.Available DISG moment of torsion can be stored in memory device in the value of the looking into table by battery charge state or DISG rotating speed index.If available DISG moment of torsion is wished the DISG moment of torsion of moment of torsion higher than generation, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 432.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 428.Notice that the form of the suitable moment of torsion that depends on hope can be changed to the torque axis of hope the DISG moment of torsion of hope by considering transmission ratio and change-speed box loss.

At 428 places, the closed cut-off clutch of method 400.Closed cut-off clutch makes to increase the moment of torsion providing by DISG by engine torque.In addition, if also off-duty of driving engine, fire an engine.Like this, the moment of torsion providing by DISG when PTO running and vehicle mobile can be combined to provide with engine torque the wheel torque of hope.After closed cut-off clutch fire an engine, method 400 advances to 429.

At 429 places, method 400 judgements do not have DISG to provide positive-torque to the situation of transmission system, and whether driving engine the torque capacity of the wheel torque of the hope of providing and the extra preset torque amount of rotation PTO is provided separately.In one example, can the wheel torque of hope be converted to by considering change-speed box transmission and loss to the engine torque of hope.In one example, the available engine torque of reservation 25% is for PTO running.For example, if driving engine has the moment of torsion output capacity of 200N-m at specific rotation speeds place, can provide the engine torque of 150N-m to produce wheel torque.Retain remaining 50N-m and be used for providing PTO moment of torsion.But if the wheel torque of wishing is lower, PTO can receive the available engine output torque up to 75%.In one example, by the wheel torque of hope and available engine torque comparison.Available engine torque can be stored in memory device by engine speed index and with ambient air Auto-regulating System of Density of Heavy Medium or based on the present situation and hardware capabilities (hardware capability) and locate the value of the looking into table that the model of maximum engine torque calculates in real time.If available engine torque is higher than producing the engine torque of wheel torque of wishing, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 430.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 431.Note, can the wheel torque of hope be converted to by considering transmission ratio and change-speed box loss to the engine torque of hope.

At 430 places, when PTO during when before driving external device (ED) method 400 regulate engine torque so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided.Owing to may not knowing to transfer to the engine torque amount of PTO, can determining, provide to the moment of torsion of PTO the engine torque that is added into hope so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided in some instances.In one example, can determine the moment of torsion providing to PTO from equation below:

Wherein Twheel is the wheel torque of wishing, Teng is the engine torque of wishing, Tpto is PTO moment of torsion, Tcmult is tor-con amplification rate, Tgear_ratio is current transmission ratio, Taxle_ratio is drive axle ratio (axle ratio), and Tdriveline_losses is the multiplier of reflection transmission system loss, and FGrade is the gradient multiplier of considering via the definite road gradient of banking inclinometer.The engine torque that can wish by mapping graph (map) estimation of the engine torque of engine speed and load index.Can estimate wheel torque from equation below:

Can determine by rule of thumb that tor-con amplification rate, transmitting ratio, axial ratio and driveline torque loss multiplier and the transmitting ratio based on engine speed, the speed of a motor vehicle, selection and other factors are from memory search.Can change vehicle mass and regulate vehicle inertia.

If the wheel torque of estimation is less than hope, the wheel torque that can extremely wish to increase actual wheel torque by the engine torque that regulates engine torque to increase hope.Like this, even if do not know that the torque capacity that PTO consumes also can increase engine torque so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided.Method 400 advances to 404 in Fig. 4.

At 431 places, when PTO during when before driving external device (ED) method 400 regulate engine torque and DISG moment of torsion so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided.In one example, the transmission gear based on the speed of a motor vehicle and selection is with efficient operating mode running engine.If can not get the wheel torque of wishing at this operating mode place, increase DISG output torque so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided.If DISG does not have ability that the wheel torque of hope is provided under current PTO load, with lower fuel efficiency regulating working conditions engine running, to increase engine torque, export.By increase, provide to the electric current of DISG and increase DISG moment of torsion.By adjusting joint valve arrangement, waste gate position, cam timing, fuel quantity and spark timing, regulate engine torque.In one example, when DISG is current, when being provided to transmission system, moment of torsion can determine wheel torque according to equation below:

Wherein TDISG provides the torque capacity to transmission system by DISG, and other variable was described above.Thereby, under current PTO load, can regulate engine torque and DISG moment of torsion so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided.After regulating engine torque and DISG moment of torsion, method 400 advances to 404 in Fig. 4.

At 432 places, open cut-off clutch and stop driving engine.Opening cut-off clutch makes DISG needn't rotate inactive driving engine.Stop using driving engine with fuel saving.After opening cut-off clutch, method 400 advances to 433.

At 433 places, method 400 is provided to the electric current of DISG and is regulated DISG moment of torsion by adjusting.In one example, regulate DISG moment of torsion so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided when the PTO passive transport.For example, the current consumption of the PTO 5N-m if need the wheel torque of 15N-m, by increasing that DISG moment of torsion regulates DISG moment of torsion to 20N-m until the speed that vehicle is expected when there is the wheel torque of 15N-m accelerate.

Return to now Fig. 4, method 400 is converted to electric energy and storage battery by DISG by the rotating energy from driving engine or vehicle energy at 403 places.In some instances, after PTO running, can postpone battery charging until vehicle can be exchanged into electric energy and do not need fuel-air-fuel mixture the deceleration situation of electric energy is provided or goes down the hill to travel in the kinetic energy of vehicle.In other example, can be by by engine rotation transformation of energy being electric energy and battery is charged to threshold level.Once battery reaches threshold level, extra battery charging can only be derived from vehicle energy.After initiating battery charging, method 400 advances to 404.

At 404 places, method 400 judges whether to exist the request of 4x4 pattern (for example four wheel drive pattern).Can for example, by chaufeur or peripheral control unit (responding to the controller of tyre skidding), make the request of 4x4 pattern.If the request of 4x4 pattern appears in method 400 judgement, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 407.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 405.In some instances, when vehicle during in two-wheel drive mode chaufeur select at a high speed or method 400 driving engine that starting stops automatically during low speed gear scope 4 wheel driven.

At 405 places, that method 400 judges whether to occur is deteriorated (for example coarse, bending (frequency that road changes), smooth or stop up) condition of road surface.In one example, vertical stroke that can be based on wheel and the frequency of vertical running and determine coarse road.Can determine smooth road by the amount of tyre skidding.Can pass through the object of the radar sensor detection vehicle front choke the road of optics, sound wave.If there is road coarse, bending, smooth or that stop up, answer is to be that method 400 advances to 450 of Fig. 7.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 406.

At 406 places, method 400 is with automatically basic two-wheel drive mode running engine and transmission system cut-off clutch.During two-wheel drive mode, DISG can optionally be connected to driving engine wheel torque charging vehicle battery to be provided and to provide electrical power to the electric network of vehicle by vehicle cut-off clutch.In one example, when battery SOC provides moment of torsion to vehicle transmission system at vehicle period of acceleration DISG during higher than threshold value SOC.In addition, DISG provides electric energy to Vehicular battery during car retardation and during descending situation.Driving engine and DISG according to basic two, drive the running of pattern situation after method 400 be back to 401.

With reference now to Fig. 7,, 450 prescribing methods 400 judge speed of approach (for example speed of vehicle approach object) whether than first threshold speed of approach faster (shorter time between for example, contact between vehicle and object) or deteriorated condition of road surface (for example bending, smooth or coarse condition of road surface) standard (for example representing the number of bending, smooth or rasping road situation) whether higher than first threshold condition of road surface standard volume.That is, method 400 judges whether to occur road roughness, sinuousness, the smoothness of higher level or approaches the higher rate of object.If method 400 judges that condition of road surface standard is higher than first threshold condition of road surface parameter, if or vehicle approach speed ratio the first vehicle threshold value speed of approach faster, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 451.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 454.

At 451 places, method 400 stops engine automatic stop and engine idle ready mode.Engine idle ready mode be allow engine idle and transmission system cut-off clutch in open mode and simultaneously DISG the pattern of moment of torsion to transmission system is provided.For example, method 400 can stop engine automatic stop during car retardation or when vehicle stop.Engine automatic stop is the engine stop of initiating based on input by controller and do not need to stop and/or clear and definite engine stop request that the chaufeur input of the object of fire an engine provides by only having.By stopping engine automatic stop, power drive system can be in adapting to the state of the response to road and vehicle condition better.For example, (for example by driving engine and DISG) can obtain Power Train moment of torsion completely and vehicle can be overcome or accelerate to leave undesirable situation.In addition, closed at 451 place transmission system cut-off clutchs or remain closed driving engine and DISG are rotated with phase same rate.After termination engine rotation stops automatically, method 400 advances to 452.

At 452 places, whether method 400 judges that driving engine is current and stops the rotation.When being zero, engine speed can judge engine stop rotation.If method 400 judges engine stop rotation, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 453.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 454.

At 453 places, method 400 is restarted any action that driving engine may be taked it is ready for to chaufeur.Can by closed transmission system cut-off clutch and spark is provided and fuel to driving engine and fire an engine.After restarting driving engine, method 400 advances to 454.

At 454 places, method 400 judges that whether speed of approach is lower than first threshold speed of approach faster than Second Threshold speed of approach, or whether condition of road surface (for example smooth or coarse condition of road surface) standard is less than first threshold condition of road surface parameter and higher than Second Threshold condition of road surface parameter.Second Threshold speed of approach is lower than first threshold speed of approach.Second Threshold condition of road surface is lower than first threshold condition of road surface.That is the medium higher rate that, method 400 judges whether to occur road roughness, sinuousness, the smoothness of medium higher (mid-higher) level or approaches object.If method 400 judges that condition of road surface is less than first threshold condition of road surface and higher than Second Threshold condition of road surface, if or vehicle approach speed is less than the first vehicle threshold value speed of approach and higher than the second vehicle threshold value speed of approach, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 455.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 458.

At 455 places, during the wheel torque request situation compared with low, method 400 allows automatic driving engine output to be decreased to engine idle ready mode by opening transmission system cut-off clutch, but does not allow automatically stopping of engine rotation.For example, at the wheel torque place of lower hope, driving engine can disconnect with DISG, more then engine speed is decreased to idling.Can moment of torsion be provided to transmission system by DISG.If wheel torque increase in demand, engine speed is increased to DISG rotating speed, more closed transmission system cut-off clutch then.Like this, when vehicle during in 4x2 operation mode during some situations method 400 strengthen vehicle condition of readiness but by allowing engine idling operation rather than allowing saving fuel with DISG synchronous rotary.After adjusting automatic stop conditions, method 400 advances to 456.

At 456 places, whether method 400 judges that driving engine is current and stops the rotation.When being zero, engine speed can judge engine stop rotation.If method 400 judges engine stop rotation, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 457.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 458.

At 457 places, method 400 is restarted any action that driving engine may be taked to be ready for chaufeur.Can by closed transmission system cut-off clutch and spark is provided and fuel to driving engine and fire an engine.After restarting driving engine, method 400 advances to 458.

At 458 places, method 400 judges that whether speed of approach is lower than Second Threshold speed of approach faster than the 3rd threshold value speed of approach, or whether condition of road surface standard (for example smooth or coarse condition of road surface) is less than Second Threshold condition of road surface parameter and higher than the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter.The 3rd threshold value speed of approach for example, lower than (the longer time period between the contact between vehicle and object) Second Threshold speed of approach.The 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter is lower than Second Threshold condition of road surface parameter.That is, method 400 judges whether to occur road roughness, sinuousness, the smoothness of medium level or approaches the moderate rate of object.If method 400 judges that condition of road surface standard is less than Second Threshold condition of road surface parameter and higher than the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter, or whether vehicle approach speed lower than the second vehicle threshold value speed of approach and higher than the 3rd vehicle threshold value speed of approach, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 459.Otherwise answer is otherwise method 400 advances to 464 in Fig. 8.

At 459 places, method 400 allows automatic engine stop to rotate to zero engine rotating speed.Can be by opening transmission system cut-off clutch and stopping to the fuel flow of driving engine and engine speed is decreased to zero when wheel torque demand is low.DISG can continue to provide moment of torsion to vehicle transmission system with propelled vehicles.Like this, when vehicle during in two-wheel drive mode rather than four wheel drive pattern method 400 allow further reducing of consumption of fuel.After adjusting automatic engine stop situation, method 400 advances to 464 in Fig. 8.

Should mention, method 400 can replace the speed of approach higher than first, second or the 3rd threshold value by the approaching distance that is less than first, second or the 3rd threshold value at 440,444,448,450,454 and 458 places if necessary.Alternately, method 400 can judge that at 440,444,448,450,454 and 458 places speed of approach is whether higher than first, second or the 3rd threshold value, and approaches distance and whether be less than first, second or the 3rd threshold value.

With reference now to Fig. 8,, at 464 places, judge whether whether speed of approach for example, be less than the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter lower than the 3rd threshold value speed of approach or condition of road surface standard (representing number bending, smooth or coarse condition of road surface).That is, method 400 judge whether to occur road roughness, sinuousness, the smoothness of reduced levels or approach object compared with low rate.If method 400 judges condition of road surface standard and be less than the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter, or vehicle approach is lower than the 3rd vehicle threshold value speed of approach parameter, and answer is for being that method 400 advances to 465.Otherwise answer is otherwise method 400 is back to 401 in Fig. 4.

At 465 places, method 400 allows automatic engine stop to rotate to zero engine rotating speed.When wheel torque demand can be by opening transmission system cut-off clutch and stopping to the fuel flow of driving engine and engine speed is decreased to zero when low.If wheel torque increase in demand, can by DISG or starter restart driving engine and can closed transmission system cut-off clutch to increase transmission system and wheel torque.When DISG and driving engine disconnect it can continue to provide moment of torsion to vehicle transmission system with propelled vehicles.After adjusting automatic engine stop situation, method 400 is returned to 401 in Fig. 4.

With reference now to Fig. 4,, at 407 prescribing methods 400, judge whether to occur deteriorated (for example coarse, bending, smooth or stop up) condition of road surface.Definite condition of road surface and the obstruction that can describe by 405 places.If there is road coarse, bending, smooth or that stop up, answer is to be that method 400 advances to 440 of Fig. 7.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 408.

With reference now to Fig. 7,, 440 prescribing methods 400 judge speed of approach (for example speed of vehicle approach object) whether for example, for example, than first threshold speed of approach faster (the shorter time between the contact between vehicle and object) or condition of road surface (bending, smooth or coarse condition of road surface) standard whether higher than first threshold condition of road surface standard volume.That is the higher rate that, method 400 judges whether to occur the higher level of road roughness, sinuousness, smoothness or approaches object.If method 400 judges that condition of road surface standard is higher than first threshold condition of road surface parameter, if or vehicle approach speed faster than the first vehicle threshold value speed of approach, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 441.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 444.

The first to the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface of can and mentioning between 450 and 458 at the first to the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface providing between 440 and 448 is identical or different.Similarly, between the first to the 3rd threshold value speed of approach and 450 and 458 of mentioning between 440 and 448, be provided to the first to the 3rd threshold value speed of approach identical or different.

At 441 places, method 400 stops engine automatic stop.For example, when during car retardation or when vehicle stop, method 400 stops engine automatic stop.Engine automatic stop is the engine stop of initiating based on input by controller and do not need to stop and/or concrete engine stop request that the chaufeur input of the object of fire an engine provides by only having.By stopping engine automatic stop, the state that power drive system can the response to road and vehicle condition in better adaptation.For example, (for example, by driving engine and DISG) can obtain Power Train moment of torsion completely and vehicle can be overcome or accelerate to leave undesirable situation.In addition, closed at 441 place transmission system cut-off clutchs or remain closed and make driving engine and DISG with identical speed rotation.After termination engine rotation stops automatically, method 400 advances to 442.

At 442 places, whether method 400 judges that driving engine is current and stops the rotation.When being zero, engine speed can judge engine stop rotation.If method 400 judges engine stop rotation, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 443.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 444.

At 443 places, method 400 is restarted any action that engine rotation may be taked to be ready for chaufeur.Can by closed transmission system cut-off clutch and spark is provided and fuel to driving engine and fire an engine.After restarting driving engine, method 400 advances to 444.

At 444 places, method 400 judges that whether speed of approach is lower than first threshold speed of approach and faster than Second Threshold speed of approach, or whether condition of road surface (for example smooth, bending or coarse condition of road surface) standard is less than first threshold condition of road surface parameter and higher than Second Threshold condition of road surface parameter.Second Threshold speed of approach is lower than first threshold speed of approach.Second Threshold condition of road surface is lower than first threshold condition of road surface.That is the medium higher rate that, method 400 judges whether to occur the medium higher level of road roughness, sinuousness, smoothness or approaches object.If method 400 judges that condition of road surface is less than first threshold condition of road surface and higher than Second Threshold condition of road surface, if or vehicle approach speed is less than the first vehicle threshold value speed of approach and higher than the second vehicle threshold value speed of approach, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 445.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 448.

At 445 places, during the wheel torque request situation compared with low, method 400 allows automatic driving engine output to be decreased to engine idle situation by opening transmission system cut-off clutch, but does not allow automatically stopping of engine rotation.For example, at the wheel torque place of lower hope, driving engine can disconnect with DISG, more then engine speed is decreased to idling.Can provide moment of torsion to transmission system by DISG.If wheel torque increase in demand, engine speed is increased to DISG rotating speed, more closed transmission system cut-off clutch then.Like this, when vehicle in during 4x4 operation mode during some situations method 400 increase vehicle condition of readiness but by allowing engine idling operation rather than allow fuel saving with DISG synchronous rotary.After adjusting automatic stop conditions, method 400 advances to 446.

At 446 places, whether method 400 judges that driving engine is current and stops the rotation.When being zero, engine speed can judge engine stop rotation.If method 400 judges that engine rotation stops, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 447.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 448.

At 447 places, method 400 is restarted any action that driving engine may be taked to be ready for chaufeur.Can by closed transmission system cut-off clutch and spark is provided and fuel to driving engine and fire an engine.After restarting driving engine, method 400 advances to 448.

At 448 places, method 400 judges that whether speed of approach is lower than Second Threshold speed of approach and faster than the 3rd threshold value speed of approach, for example, if or condition of road surface standard (smooth or coarse condition of road surface) is less than Second Threshold condition of road surface parameter and higher than the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter.The 3rd threshold value speed of approach for example, lower than Second Threshold speed of approach (the longer time period between the contact between vehicle and object).The 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter is lower than Second Threshold condition of road surface parameter.That is, method 400 judges whether to occur road roughness, sinuousness, the smoothness of medium level or approaches the moderate rate of object.If method 400 judges that condition of road surface standard is less than Second Threshold condition of road surface parameter and higher than the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter, if or vehicle approach is lower than the second vehicle threshold value speed of approach and faster than the 3rd vehicle threshold value speed of approach, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 449.Otherwise answer is otherwise method 400 advances to 460 in Fig. 8.

At 449 places, during the wheel torque request situation compared with low, method 400 allows automatic driving engine output to be decreased to engine idle situation by opening transmission system cut-off clutch, but does not allow automatically stopping of engine rotation.Thereby, with vehicle compared with the two-wheel drive mode running, in four wheel drive pattern in response to can be higher by the transmission system condition of readiness of the change chaufeur wheel torque instruction of vehicle and condition of road surface impact.After adjusting engine automatic stop situation, method 400 advances to 460 in Fig. 8.

With reference now to Fig. 8,, judge whether engine rotation stops.If stopped, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 461.If do not stopped, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 461.

At 461 places, restart driving engine.Can by provide spark and fuel to driving engine and use DISG or independently starter rotate fire an engine restart driving engine.After fire an engine, method 400 advances to 462.

At 462 places, judge that whether the speed of approach of vehicle and object is lower than the 3rd threshold value speed of approach, or whether condition of road surface standard is less than the 3rd condition of road surface parameter.That is, method 400 judge whether to occur low-level road roughness, sinuousness, smoothness or approach object compared with low rate.If method 400 judges condition of road surface standard and is less than the 3rd threshold value condition of road surface parameter, if or vehicle approach speed lower than the 3rd vehicle threshold value speed of approach parameter, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 463.Otherwise answer is otherwise method 400 is returned to 408 in Fig. 4.

At 463 places, method 400 allows engine automatic stop to rotate to zero engine rotating speed.When wheel torque demand can make engine speed be decreased to zero by opening transmission system cut-off clutch and stopping fuel flow direction engine when low.If wheel torque increase in demand, can by DISG or starter restart driving engine and can closed transmission system cut-off clutch to increase transmission system and wheel torque.When DISG and driving engine disconnect it can continue to provide moment of torsion to vehicle transmission system with propelled vehicles.After adjusting engine automatic stop situation, method 400 is returned to 408 of Fig. 4.

Return to now Fig. 4, at 408 places, judge whether the request of request for low speed four wheel drive (low speed 4x4) pattern (four wheel drive low mode).Can or select low speed four wheel drive pattern by controller by chaufeur.If it is to be that method 400 advances to 466 of Fig. 9 that low speed four wheel drive pattern, answer have been selected in method 400 judgements.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 409.

With reference now to Fig. 9,, once regulate engine starting situation to comprise chaufeur or controller releasing brake device pedal or actr in method 400, restart the driving engine stopping the rotation.In addition, closed cut-off clutch provides to wheel engine torque.Thereby, when transmission system is when low speed gear scope four wheel drive (four wheel drive low range), fire an engine and do not need chaufeur to restart driving engine by the concrete request that only there is starting and/or stop the special input of the function of driving engine automatically.Provide moment of torsion to compared with wheel with DISG only, once releasing brake device, fire an engine allows transmission system to increase vehicle torque.Once driving engine is restarted situation, be adjusted to releasing brake device, restart method 400 after driving engine and advance to 467.

At 467 places, method 400 different tor-con input command torque when instruction and vehicle are with high speed gear scope four wheel drive (four wheel drive high range) or two-wheel drive mode running in response to plan.For example, with compared with two-wheel drive or high speed gear scope four wheel drive, when vehicle turns round with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, DISG and driving engine can contribute different torque capacities to converter pump with vehicle.Especially, during low speed gear scope four wheel drive, when the wheel torque of hope is less than threshold value moment of torsion, DISG can provide the wheel torque of higher percentum that vehicle can more smoothly be accelerated than driving engine.On the contrary, during high speed gear scope four wheel drive, when the wheel torque of hope is less than this identical threshold value moment of torsion, driving engine can provide than DISG the wheel torque of higher percentum.

Extraly, with vehicle with compared with the running of two-wheel drive or high speed gear scope four wheel drive, when vehicle can automatically start and stop driving engine at different operating mode places during in low speed four wheel drive pattern and need to only not have starting and/or stop the input of the special input of engine rotation from driver's operation.For example, with compared with two-wheel drive mode or high speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle, when in low speed 4 wheel driven pattern vehicle stop move after driving engine can continue the time period longer with tickover.After regulating tor-con input torque plan and driving engine operational plan for low speed gear scope four wheel drive, method 400 advances to 468.

At 468 places, when with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle, the specific battery charge state threshold value of method 400 instruction, can stop driving engine automatically at this battery charge state threshold value place.In one example, when with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle, can after reaching the first battery charge threshold value, battery charge state stop driving engine.In addition, when with two-wheel drive or high speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle, can after battery charge state reaches the second battery charge threshold value, stop driving engine, the second battery charge threshold value is lower than the first battery charge threshold value.When vehicle can automatically stop driving engine during in low speed gear scope four wheel drive after battery charge state reaches higher level, make to alleviate cut-off clutch and engage deteriorated with minimizing cut-off clutch with Fen Lis number of times.When not with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle, at lower battery charge state place, stop engine rotation and make the fuel that can consume still less carry out rechargeable battery.

In addition, with compared with high speed gear scope four wheel drive or two-wheel drive mode running vehicle, and with compared with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle, at 468 places, can and open transmission system cut-off clutch according to different plan closures.In one example, when with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle, transmission system cut-off clutch is kept closed and can optionally opens transmission system cut-off clutch when with high speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle and during two-wheel drive.In another example, when with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running vehicle, can after having stopped very first time amount, vehicle open transmission system cut-off clutch.On the contrary, when with two-wheel drive or high speed gear four wheel drive running vehicle, can after vehicle has stopped the second time quantum, open transmission system cut-off clutch, the second time quantum is less than very first time amount.After regulating cut-off clutch and engine automatic stop plan for low speed gear scope four wheel drive, method 400 advances to 410 of Fig. 4.

Return to Fig. 4, at 409 places, once method 400 allows DISG propelled vehicles not need to discharge car brake, fire an engine.In addition, DISG can propelled vehicles until threshold value vehicle torque demand and/or until battery SOC is decreased to threshold level.By with DISG and without driving engine propelled vehicles, can not need chaufeur input torque demand and allow vehicle slowly to travel with lower speed.DISG can propelled vehicles until threshold value wheel level torque more then fire an engine make DISG and driving engine provide moment of torsion to transmission system with the wheel torque of the hope of higher request.In other example, depend on battery SOC, once discharge car brake, DISG and driving engine can propelled vehicles.After allowing DISG rather than driving engine propelled vehicles after releasing brake device pedal, method 400 advances to 410.

At 410 places, method 400 judges whether to ask the manual control (for example vehicle driver's control) of driving engine, transmission system cut-off clutch and motor.Can input or make by switch or other known user interface by telltale the request of manual control.If the method 400 manual controls of judgement request to driving engine, transmission system cut-off clutch and motor, answer is to be that method 400 advances to 470 of Figure 10.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 411.

Forward now Figure 10 to, method 400 judges whether the manual control of request to transmission system cut-off clutch at 470 places.In one example, method 400 can judge and wish cut-off clutch manually to control in response to chaufeur input.If method 400 judgement request or wish the manual control to transmission system cut-off clutch, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 471.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 473.

At 471 places, method 400 judges that current whether request of chaufeur is locked in make position by cut-off clutch.Method 400 can determine that in response to the user's input from chaufeur request is locked in make position by transmission system cut-off clutch.If method 400 judgement wishes cut-off clutch to be locked in make position, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 472.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 473.If method 400 advances to 473, automatically turn round transmission system cut-off clutch and in response to concrete chaufeur request, do not carry out open and close transmission system cut-off clutch.

At 472 places, the closed transmission system cut-off clutch of method 400 also allows it be locked in closure state until chaufeur is removed the manual control to transmission system cut-off clutch.Mechanically connecting engine and DISG of closed transmission system cut-off clutch, but when closed transmission system cut-off clutch, can stop using DSIG and/or driving engine.After closed transmission system cut-off clutch, method 400 advances to 473.

At 473 places, method 400 judges whether to ask pure DISG running.In pure DISG operation mode, by stopping the fuel flow direction engine driving engine of stopping using.Throttle gate the adjusting cam timing/lift of can also killing engine when driving engine is stopped using to lower Volumetric efficiency is passed through driving engine to increase pumping loss and to reduce air-flow.Alternately, can open out the throttle and adjusting cam timing/lift to higher Volumetric efficiency to reduce driving engine pumping loss.Can manually select pure DISG running by chaufeur.If ask pure DISG pattern, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 474.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 478.

At 474 places, method 400 is opened transmission system cut-off clutch to reduce rotational loss, thereby increases the amount of the energy that can be used for propelled vehicles.If manual closing transmission system cut-off clutch, can forbid entering pure DISG pattern.After having opened transmission system cut-off clutch, method 400 advances to 475.

At 475 places, method 400 judges whether battery SOC is less than threshold value SOC.In one example, threshold value SOC is the level that permission is restarted driving engine by DISG or another kind of starter.Can determine battery SOC from cell pressure.If method 400 judges battery SOC and be less than threshold value SOC, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 476.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 480.

At 476 places, method 400 is restarted driving engine.Restarting driving engine makes DISG to absorb moment of torsion and to produce the pattern of electric energy for storage battery from providing positive-torque to transmission system to change into from transmission system.In other example, after the indication that provides DISG to be about to close to chaufeur, directly close DISG and inoperative driving engine.After restarting driving engine, method 400 advances to 477.

At 477 places, method 400 is changed into electric energy by DISG pattern and is provided the pattern to battery from DISG.But, if lacking moment of torsion, driving engine provides the moment of torsion of chaufeur request, to chaufeur, provide the disabled indication of DISG.Otherwise driving engine provides moment of torsion and passes through DISG rechargeable battery based on driver torque request.After changing DISG pattern, method 400 advances to 480.

At 478 places, method 400 judges the whether pure engine mode of manual request of chaufeur.In pure engine mode, closed transmission system cut-off clutch and DISG do not provide positive-torque to transmission system.But in some instances, DISG can provide negative torque to transmission system with storage battery and provide electrical power to the electric network of vehicle.If the manually pure engine mode of request of chaufeur, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 479.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 480.

At 479 places, the inactive DISG of method 400 provides positive-torque to transmission system.But in some instances, DISG can will be converted to electric energy with charging vehicle battery and provide electrical power to the electric network of vehicle from the rotating energy of driving engine.After inactive DISG, method 400 advances to 480.

At 480 places, method 400 judges whether to ask to enter the slow request of falling pattern (hill decent mode) in abrupt slope.In some instances, replace or fall pattern except abrupt slope is slow, upward slope pattern (hill assent mode) can also be provided at 480 places.Slow the falling in pattern on abrupt slope, driving engine and DISG are can be than vehicle unslow in abrupt slope provides higher levels of car brakeing while falling pattern.Can manually input the slow request of falling pattern in abrupt slope that enters by chaufeur.Alternately, when vehicle banking inclinometer indication can enter the slow pattern of falling in abrupt slope during than the steeper negative track gradient of threshold value negative slope.If request for the slow request of falling pattern in abrupt slope, answer is for being that method 400 advances to 481.Otherwise, answer for otherwise method 400 advances to 482.Comprising in the example of upward slope pattern, transmission system cut-off clutch in a similar fashion turns round.

At 481 places, the closed cut-off clutch of method 400 is with mechanically connecting engine and DISG and by increasing Jake brake and DISG braking increases car brakeing.In one example, by regulating engine valve timing to increase Jake brake.By allowing more field current to provide to DISG, increase DISG braking.In one example, in response to the track gradient, regulate the speed of DISG braking and Jake brake.For example, if think that pavement of road is more smooth than threshold value, can reduce the speed of DISG and Jake brake.After regulating DISG and Jake brake, method 400 advances to 482.

At 482 places, method 400 allows chaufeur manually to input engine stop condition.Extraly, method 400 stops driving engine in response to the stop condition of manually input.For example, vehicle reach may automatically stop after zero velocity before engine rotation chaufeur can input time section.In another example, chaufeur can be specified the threshold value battery SOC that can automatically stop engine rotation.In another example, chaufeur can specify driving engine when going up a slope or downward grades is steeper than designated value not stop.After permission chaufeur is manually inputted engine stop condition and after carrying out engine stop condition, method 400 advances to 483.

At 483 places, method 400 allows chaufeur manually to input DISG operation mode condition.In addition, method 400 in response to the condition of manually input the DISG that turns round.For example, chaufeur can be inputted lower than this level turns round DISG the wheel torque desired level of fuel to driving engine is not provided.In another example, chaufeur can specify higher than this threshold value moment of torsion DISG auxiliary engine the threshold value moment of torsion of the vehicle torque of hope is provided.In another example, chaufeur can specify DISG when battery SOC is less than chaufeur input level to provide electric energy to battery.Allow chaufeur manually to input method 400 after DISG operating condition and advance to 484.

At 484 places, method 400 allows chaufeur manually to input transmission system cut-off clutch open and close condition.For example, chaufeur can input in response to specific transmission system pattern (for example in 4x4 bottom gear pattern, keep cut-off clutch closed and in 4x2 and 4x4 top gear pattern closed cut-off clutch optionally) and the condition of closed transmission system cut-off clutch.In another example, chaufeur can be inputted the condition of closed transmission system cut-off clutch in response to engine idle time length.In another example, chaufeur can be specified closed transmission system cut-off clutch when battery SOC is less than chaufeur designated value.Allowing chaufeur manually to input method 400 after driving engine, transmission system cut-off clutch and motor control condition exits.

Return to now Fig. 4, method 400 is according to the automatic condition running engine of benchmark, transmission system cut-off clutch and the DISG that regulate.Particularly, except the specific driver in the above-mentioned part of input method 400 changes, driving engine, transmission system cut-off clutch and the DISG operating mode of reference calibration is the basis of running engine, transmission system cut-off clutch and DISG.For example, if chaufeur request PTO running and DISG running are until battery SOC reaches the level that chaufeur is specified, except vehicle when using the PTO pattern of DISG according to the condition running engine of reference calibration, transmission system cut-off clutch and DISG.According to method 400 after the benchmark operation mode condition running engine, transmission system cut-off clutch and the DISG that regulate, exit.

Thereby it is a kind of for regulating the method for running of motor vehicle driven by mixed power that the method in Fig. 4-10 provides, and comprises: automatically restart driving engine in response to the first situation when motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with four wheel drive low speed gear scope; And when not turning round with four wheel drive low speed gear scope, motor vehicle driven by mixed power automatically restarts driving engine in response to the second situation except the first situation.Method is included in during the second situation the inoperative driving engine in response to releasing brake device pedal, and during the first situation in response to releasing brake device pedal fire an engine.Like this, can regulate transmission system running in response to the quantity of active drive wheel.

During method is also included in the second situation, motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with four wheel drive high speed gear scope.During method is included in the second situation, motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with two-wheel drive mode.Method further comprises after restarting driving engine during the second situation to be provided wheel torque to reach threshold quantity and by driving engine, is not provided moment of torsion by the integrated starter generator of transmission system (DISG).Method further comprises for wheel torque provides wheel torque higher than threshold quantity by DISG and driving engine.Method also comprises that wherein motor vehicle driven by mixed power comprises transmission system cut-off clutch, and further comprises and lock transmission system cut-off clutch during with four wheel drive mode operation in closure state and until exit four wheel drive pattern when vehicle.

Method in Fig. 4-10 also comprises a kind of method of the running that regulates motor vehicle driven by mixed power, comprises: when motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, in response to discharging car brake, automatically restart driving engine; When motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, command torque is to converter pump, when this moment of torsion is different from motor vehicle driven by mixed power and turns round with two-wheel drive mode, similarly during operating mode, providing the moment of torsion to converter pump.Method further comprises, while turning round with two-wheel drive mode with motor vehicle driven by mixed power, met compared with engine automatic stop situation rather than the time of idle running engine idle time afterwards, when motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, met engine automatic stop situation rather than the time of idle running longer engine idle time of running engine afterwards.

In some instances, method further comprises, compared with the engine idle time having met after engine automatic stop situation rather than time of idle running, when turn round with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, motor vehicle driven by mixed power meets engine automatic stop situation rather than the time of idle running longer engine idle time of running engine afterwards when motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with high speed gear scope four wheel drive.Method further comprises the wheel torque amount of wishing in response to threshold value when motor vehicle driven by mixed power does not have the running of low speed gear scope four wheel drive and automatically restarts driving engine.Method also further comprises in response to the open and close condition that regulates transmission system cut-off clutch with low speed gear scope four wheel drive running motor vehicle driven by mixed power.Method also comprise regulate the open and close condition of transmission system cut-off clutch comprise according to from when motor vehicle driven by mixed power with the different transmission system cut-off clutch application plan of high speed gear scope four wheel drive open and close transmission system cut-off clutch.Method also comprises that the open and close condition of adjusting transmission system cut-off clutch comprises according to the open and close transmission system cut-off clutch from transmission system cut-off clutch application plans different when motor vehicle driven by mixed power turns round with two-wheel drive mode.

In another example, the method for Fig. 4-10 provides a kind of method of the running that regulates motor vehicle driven by mixed power, comprises: when vehicle turns round vehicle with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, in response to discharging vehicle brake pedal, automatically restart driving engine; Based on motor vehicle driven by mixed power, with the running of low speed gear scope four wheel drive, in response to reaching first threshold state-of-charge, Vehicular battery stops engine rotation.The mode operation motor vehicle driven by mixed power that method further comprises based on except low speed gear scope four wheel drive stops engine rotation in response to Vehicular battery reaches Second Threshold state-of-charge.

In some instances, method comprises that the pattern except low speed gear scope four wheel drive is two-wheel drive mode.Method also comprises that the pattern except low speed gear scope four wheel drive is high speed gear scope four wheel drive.Method further comprises based on turning round motor vehicle driven by mixed power according to the first plan and open and close transmission system cut-off clutch with low speed gear scope four wheel drive.Method further comprises based on turning round motor vehicle driven by mixed power according to the second plan and open and close transmission system cut-off clutch with two-wheel drive mode, and the second plan is different from the first plan.

With reference now to Figure 11,, shown that running comprises the anticipation exemplary sequence of the vehicle of PTO.The sequence of Figure 11 can be provided by the method in execution graph 4 in the system of Fig. 1-3.Figure 11 has shown that only DISG provides the PTO running example of moment of torsion to PTO.But in some instances, driving engine also can provide PTO moment of torsion.

The first width chart from Figure 11 top shows the PTO request with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and the solicited status of Y-axis indication PTO running.The PTO signal designation of reduced levels does not have PTO running request.There is PTO running request in the PTO signal designation of higher level.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The second width chart from Figure 11 top shows the battery charge state with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis pilot cell state-of-charge.Battery charge state increases towards the Y-axis direction of arrow.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.The minimum battery SOC of horizon 1101 representative running DISG.

The 3rd width chart from Figure 11 top shows the PTO direction request with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication PTO direction solicited status.The PTO direction request signal indication of reduced levels is with positive dirction (for example, to right rotation) rotation PTO.The PTO direction request signal indication PTO of higher level for example, with opposite spin (PTO is to anticlockwise).Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 4th width chart from Figure 11 top shows the hand of rotation with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication PTO direction.The PTO direction signal indication PTO of reduced levels is with positive dirction rotation (for example, to right rotation).The PTO direction signal indication PTO of higher level for example, with opposite spin (PTO is to anticlockwise).Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 5th width chart from Figure 11 top shows the PTO moment of torsion with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication PTO output torque.The positive output torque of PTO increases towards the Y-axis direction of arrow.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.In this example, because PTO provides moment of torsion to external device (ED), PTO output torque is independent of PTO hand of rotation and is just shown as always.

The 6th width chart from Figure 11 top shows the DISG moment of torsion with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication DISG output torque.The positive output torque of DISG increases towards the Y-axis direction of arrow.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.In this example, because DISG provides moment of torsion to external device (ED) via PTO, DISG output torque is independent of PTO hand of rotation and is just shown as always.

In time T 0place, PTO request does not have the low-level of PTO request and PTO output in indication.Battery charge state in indication PTO only in the relatively high level of battery-operated lower a period of time of can turning round.PTO direction request signal indication PTO when using PTO turns round with positive dirction.If PTO direction is also indicated and used, PTO will be rotated in the forward.Because PTO is not used PTO output torque in zero and IDSG moment of torsion is also shown as zero.

In time T 1place, changes higher level in response to chaufeur or controller request PTO request signal and should use PTO with indication.PTO request signal can change in response to the chaufeur input for PTO output or controller request.Battery charge state starts slowly to reduce along with the increase of DISG output, thereby increases PTO moment of torsion.The PTO that the request of PTO direction is still indicated for positive dirction and as PTO direction chart is rotated in the forward.

In time T 2place is reverse in response to chaufeur or the request of controller request PTO direction from positive transition.After reducing DISG and PTO moment of torsion, interior PTO direction of short time becomes oppositely to adapt to the change of PTO direction from forward.Reduce PTO and DISG moment of torsion to avoid producing torque disturbances to transmission system.Battery charge state continues along with remaining in operation of DISG to reduce.

In time T 3place, still advocate PTO request, but battery SOC is decreased to the minimum state-of-charge 1101 that allows DISG running.So, in response to battery SOC, reduce DISG output torque and PTO moment of torsion.PTO direction and the request of PTO direction are still in reverse state.By slope, close (ramp off) DISG, can avoid deterioration of battery.

Like this, can turn round comprise DISG and PTO transmission system with provider to control.In addition, PTO be can limit and battery and/or the deteriorated possibility of DISG turned round to reduce.

With reference now to Figure 12,, shown that running comprises the anticipation exemplary sequence of the vehicle of 4x4 low speed gear range mode.The sequence of Figure 12 can be provided by the method for the system execution graph 4 of Fig. 1-3.

The first width chart from Figure 12 top shows the 4x4 low speed gear range of requests with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis represents 4x4 low speed gear range of requests state.The 4x4 low speed gear range signal indication of reduced levels does not have the running request of 4x4 low speed gear scope.There is the running request of 4x4 low speed gear scope in the 4x4 low speed gear range signal of higher level.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The second width chart from Figure 12 top shows the wheel torque with respect to the hope of time.X-axis represents the time and the wheel torque of Y-axis representative hope.The wheel torque of wishing increases towards the Y-axis direction of arrow.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 3rd width chart from Figure 12 top shows the engine operating status with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication engine operating status.The engine running signal designation driving engine of reduced levels shuts down.The engine operating status signal designation driving engine of higher level rotates under himself power.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 4th width chart from Figure 12 top shows the car brake pedal state with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication brake pedal state.The brake pedal signal designation of reduced levels is not applied or releasing brake device pedal.The brake pedal signal designation brake application device pedal of higher level.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 5th width chart from Figure 12 top shows the engine torque with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication engine output torque.The positive output torque of driving engine increases towards the Y-axis direction of arrow.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 6th width chart from Figure 12 top shows the DISG moment of torsion with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication DISG output torque.The positive output torque of DISG increases towards the direction of Y-axis arrow.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

In time T 0place, the request of 4x4 low speed gear scope does not have the low-level of 4x4 low speed gear range of requests in indication.The wheel torque of wishing is in medium level and driving engine rotates under himself power.There is no brake application device and DISG and driving engine all provide moment of torsion to vehicle transmission system.

In time T 1place, reduces the wheel torque of wishing in response to chaufeur relief accelerator pedal.In addition chaufeur application car brake pedal and reduce driving engine and DISG moment of torsion in response to the wheel torque of the hope reducing.Driving engine remains in operation and does not ask 4x4 low speed gear scope.

In time T 2place, the wheel torque of hope reaches zero and in the after this short time, automatically stop driving engine and do not need chaufeur by only having starting and/or stopping the special input request engine stop of the function of driving engine.Engine status signal changes into low-level to indicate driving engine to stop.Engine torque and DISG moment of torsion in zero level with propelled vehicles not.Car brake is still in application state.

In time T 3locate, as change the request 4x4 low speed gear scope of the 4x4 low speed gear range signal indication of higher level into.Can advocate that in response to the request of chaufeur 4x4 low speed gear range signal is to enter 4x4 low speed gear scope.In time T 3place is in response to entering also closed transmission system cut-off clutch (not shown) of 4x4 low speed gear scope.

In time T 4place, car brake condition responsive changes reduced levels in chaufeur releasing brake device pedal.Because vehicle is in 4x4 low speed gear scope, in response to brake pedal discharges automatic fire an engine, does not need chaufeur to input to and only there is the device (for example hand starting switch) that starts and/or stop the function of driving engine.After this, in the short time, the vehicle torque of wishing in response to chaufeur depress throttle pedal increases.In response to the wheel torque of the hope increasing, engine torque and DISG moment of torsion also increase to provide the wheel torque of hope.Thereby, when vehicle during in 4x4 low speed gear scope in response to brake pedal discharges fire an engine automatically.This running allows vehicle transmission system to receive the moment of torsion of higher level.Engine stop and restart the time period during transmission system cut-off clutch keep engage.

In time T 4and T 5between, in response to chaufeur or controller request and increase engine torque and DISG moment of torsion so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided.In addition, brake pedal still in dead status until in time T 5the brake application device pedal that place indicates as changed the brake pedal state of higher level into.In time T 5place also reduces the wheel torque signal of wishing in response to chaufeur relief accelerator pedal.In addition, in time T 5place reduces engine torque and DISG moment of torsion in response to the wheel torque of the hope reducing.Vehicle is still in 4x4 low speed gear scope.In time T 6short time place before makes engine shutdown and stops the rotation.With in time T 2place's vehicle is compared in 4x2 pattern, because vehicle is in 4x4 low speed gear scope, when the wheel torque of hope reaches zero, when reducing engine torque with tickover driving engine and when DISG moment of torsion reaches the time quantum spending between zero time during to engine stop, increase.The time of this extra delay is useful to allow the time out between travelling on coarse track, not prematurely to stop driving engine.

In time T 6place, vehicle response exits 4x4 low speed gear scope in chaufeur demand and changes 4x2 into and drives or 4x4 high speed gear scope.As the continuation brake application device pedal of the brake status signal designation in higher level still.Engine torque and DISG moment of torsion are still in low-level.

In time T 7place is in response to chaufeur or controller request and increase the wheel torque of hope.Because vehicle is not now in 4x4 low speed gear scope, driving engine keeps stopping and increasing DISG output torque to meet the wheel torque of hope.Thereby, DISG provide moment of torsion (comprise the creeping torque (creep torque) of slow propelled vehicles and there is no the wheel torque demand of chaufeur) to transmission system until threshold value moment of torsion make can saving fuel.As the car brake that changes the brake status indication of reduced levels into still discharges.

In time T 8place, the wheel torque that increases hope in response to the wheel torque of the hope by chaufeur or controller request is to the level of restarting driving engine.As the engine torque after fire an engine that changes the engine status signal indication of higher level into provides to transmission system to meet the wheel torque of hope.Thereby, in time T 8place, driving engine and DISG provide moment of torsion to meet the wheel torque of hope.

Like this, compare with different transmission system mode operations from vehicle, when with 4x4 low speed gear scope running vehicle, can turn round distinctively and comprise the transmission system of DISG and driving engine.This running is applied by restriction and is discharged the number of transitions between transmission system cut-off clutch and can reduce the deteriorated of power train part.

With reference now to Figure 13,, shown the anticipation exemplary sequence that vehicle turns round between 4x2 and 4x4 pattern.Can be in the system of Fig. 1-3 method in the execution graph 4 and sequence of Figure 13 is provided.

The first width chart from Figure 13 top shows the chart with respect to the available engine mode of time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis is indicated available engine mode.When the value of available engine mode is 1, only by driving engine, be connected to DISG and running engine.In addition,, when the value of available engine mode is 1, driving engine keeps rotation.When the value of available engine mode is 2, transmission system cut-off clutch can be in opening or closed state.When the value of engine mode is 2, driving engine keeps rotation, and driving engine can tickover when opening transmission system cut-off clutch.When the value of available engine mode is 3, engine rotation can keep tickover, non-tickover (off-idle) or stop with saving fuel.Available engine mode changes in response to the condition of road surface standard of describing in the second width chart.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The second width chart from Figure 13 top shows condition of road surface standard or the value with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis represents condition of road surface standard.Condition of road surface standard value increases towards the Y-axis direction of arrow.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.Horizon 1301,1302,1303 and 1304 represents the different threshold levels of the condition of road surface standard of available transmission system pattern change.The condition of road surface standard of indicating by line 1301 represents that road may be the condition of road surface standard of the high value that non-ordinary light is sliding, very bending or very coarse.The condition of road surface standard of indicating by line 1302 represents that road may be the condition of road surface standard of smooth, very bending or coarse medium high value.The condition of road surface standard of indicating by line 1303 represents that road may be the condition of road surface standard of smooth, very bending or coarse a little medium lower value.The condition of road surface standard of indicating by line 1304 represents that road is not the condition of road surface standard of the lower value that non-ordinary light is sliding, very bending or very coarse.

The 3rd width chart from Figure 13 top shows the engine operating status with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication engine operating status.When the value of engine condition is 1, engine stop rotation.When the value of engine condition is 2, when opening transmission system cut-off clutch with driving engine with tickover.In addition,, when the value of closed transmission system cut-off clutch and engine condition is 2, driving engine can idling or non-idling (for example higher engine speed) running.When the value of engine condition is 3, when closed transmission system cut-off clutch, driving engine can idling or non-tickover.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 4th width chart from Figure 13 top shows the transmission system pattern with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication transmission system pattern.The transmission system mode signal indication transmission system of reduced levels is in 4x2 pattern.The transmission system mode signal indication transmission system of higher level is in 4x4 pattern.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 5th width chart from Figure 13 top shows the transmission system cut-off clutch state with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and Y-axis indication transmission system cut-off clutch state.The transmission system cut-off clutch state indication cut-off clutch of higher level be closed and engine mechanical be connected to DISG.The transmission system cut-off clutch state indication cut-off clutch of reduced levels be open and driving engine be not mechanically connected to DISG.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

The 6th width chart from Figure 13 top shows the wheel torque demand with respect to the time.X-axis represents the time and the wheel torque of Y-axis indication hope.The wheel torque of wishing increases towards the Y-axis direction of arrow.Time increases to the right side of chart from the left side of chart.

In time T 0place, the value of available engine mode be 3 and indicate driving engine may be stop, with tickover or with non-tickover.Herein, road condition standard in lower than compared with the level of low threshold value 1304 and transmission system in the indication of lower state as current in transmission system mode signal in 4x2 pattern.Because road condition standard is less than the level that horizon 1304 is indicated, engine condition value is 3 and indicates driving engine or may stop with idling, non-tickover.

In time T 1place, road condition standard is increased to the value of the level of indicating higher than line 1304.The condition of road surface standard level of indicating by line 1304 is the level when 4x2 pattern.Available engine mode changes in response to condition of road surface standard value.The road that condition of road surface normal response turns round thereon in vehicle or condition of road surface and change.The value of available engine mode signal changes into 2 in response to the change of condition of road surface standard.Especially, change available engine mode make by open transmission system cut-off clutch make driving engine can idling, non-tickover, but driving engine can not stop automatically.Cut-off clutch remain closed and wheel torque demand keep relatively constant.In addition, transmission system pattern is still in 4x2 pattern.

In time T 2place, condition of road surface standard is increased to the value of the level of indicating higher than line 1301.The value of available engine mode signal changes into 1 in response to condition of road surface standard.Especially, change available engine mode make by open cut-off clutch driving engine can tickover and engine rotation can automatically not stop.Cut-off clutch remain closed and wheel torque demand keep relatively constant.In addition, transmission system pattern is still in 4x2 pattern.

In time T 2and time T 3between, transmission system pattern becomes 4x4 and changes wheel torque in response to chaufeur demand from 4x2.Condition of road surface standard is increased to the value higher than horizon 1301.As a result, the value of available engine mode remains 1 to guarantee that transmission system is ready for to respond chaufeur input during severe travel conditions.Engine condition value is 3, and transmission system cut-off clutch remains closed.

In time T 3place, condition of road surface normal response is decreased in condition of road surface the value that is less than horizon 1301.The travel conditions that lower condition of road surface standard indication improves.The value of available engine mode becomes 2 in response to the condition of road surface standard reducing.In addition, as relatively low to open cut-off clutch in the vehicle torque showing.The driving engine that becomes 1 indication as engine condition value becomes tickover.Transmission system pattern is still in 4x4 pattern.Like this, by transmission system cut-off clutch is stayed open with tickover driving engine and can reduce engine fuel consumption.But driving engine can not stop automatically when the value of available engine mode is 2.

In time T 4place, condition of road surface normal response is decreased to the level lower than horizon 1304 in condition of road surface.So the value of available engine mode becomes 3 to allow engine stop.Cut-off clutch still in open mode and transmission system pattern also still in 4x4 pattern.In time T 4place and time T 5between, wheel torque increases in response to chaufeur demand and reduces and transmission system cut-off clutch is closed so that the wheel torque of hope to be provided by the combination of driving engine and DISG moment of torsion.Time T 5short time place closed transmission system cut-off clutch when wheel torque exceedes threshold level before.When opening cut-off clutch, engine condition can tickover from stopping becoming driving engine.But, because cut-off clutch is closed, can higher rotation speed running engine.

In time T 5place, condition of road surface normal response is increased in condition of road surface the value that horizon 1304 is indicated.The value of available engine mode change into 2 with indication driving engine can idling and non-tickover but can automatically not stop.Can observe, compared with vehicle is when the 4x2 mode operation vehicle, when vehicle, at the condition of road surface standard place of varying level, available engine mode changes during in 4x4 mode operation.When vehicle during in 4x4 mode operation this running can reduce the deteriorated of power train part.If the value of engine condition is 2 indications, open cut-off clutch, driving engine can tickover.

In time T 6place, condition of road surface standard value is increased to the level of indicating higher than horizon 1301.The value of available engine mode becomes 1 indication present engine and cannot automatically stop.Engine condition also becomes 3 level, and with indication, driving engine can idling or non-tickover when the closed cut-off clutch.Engine condition and available engine mode in par until sequence stop.

One of ordinary skilled in the art understands, and the method that Fig. 4-10 are described represents one or more in any amount processing policy, such as event-driven, drives interrupts, multitask, multithreading etc.Like this, order, executed in parallel that described each step and function can be described, or omit to some extent in some cases.Equally, owing to being convenient to explanation and describing, it is necessary that processing sequence not reaches target described herein, function and advantage, and the convenience that is provided for explanation and describes.Even without describing clearly, one of ordinary skilled in the art can understand step or the function that according to the specific policy using, can repeatedly carry out one or more descriptions.

Generally speaking, after those skilled in the art read this specification sheets, can expect the multiple essence and the scope that do not deviate from description with modification of substituting.For example, can optimize with the present invention with I3, I4, I5, V6, V8, V10 and the V12 driving engine of natural fuels, gasoline, diesel oil or alternative fuel configuration running.

Claims (10)

1. a method that regulates the running of motor vehicle driven by mixed power, comprises:
When turning round described motor vehicle driven by mixed power with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, in response to the first situation, automatically restart driving engine; And
When not with described low speed gear scope four wheel drive running, in response to the second situation except described the first situation, automatically restart described driving engine.
2. method according to claim 1, wherein, during described the second situation in response to releasing brake device pedal inoperative described driving engine, and in response to releasing brake device pedal, start described driving engine during described the first situation.
3. method according to claim 1, wherein, during described the second situation with the high speed gear scope four wheel drive described motor vehicle driven by mixed power that turns round.
4. method according to claim 1, wherein, during described the second situation with the two-wheel drive mode described motor vehicle driven by mixed power that turns round.
5. method according to claim 1, progressive be included in to restart during described the second situation by DISG, provide wheel torque after described driving engine until threshold quantity and do not provide moment of torsion by described driving engine.
6. method according to claim 5, further comprises for wheel torque and by described DISG and described driving engine, provides wheel torque higher than described threshold quantity.
7. method according to claim 1, wherein said motor vehicle driven by mixed power comprises transmission system cut-off clutch, and further comprises when to lock described transmission system cut-off clutch in closure state and until to exit described four wheel drive pattern during motor vehicle driven by mixed power described in four wheel drive mode operation.
8. a method that regulates the running of motor vehicle driven by mixed power, comprises:
When turning round described motor vehicle driven by mixed power with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, in response to discharging car brake, automatically restart driving engine; And
When turning round described motor vehicle driven by mixed power with described low speed gear scope four wheel drive, command torque is to converter pump, and described moment of torsion is different from when turning round described motor vehicle driven by mixed power with two-wheel drive mode is similarly providing the moment of torsion to described converter pump during operating mode.
9. method according to claim 8, further comprise, compared with the engine idle time having met when turning round described hybrid power with two-wheel drive mode after engine automatic stop situation rather than time of idle running, when turning round described motor vehicle driven by mixed power with described low speed gear scope four wheel drive, after meeting engine automatic stop situation rather than time of idle running, turn round the longer engine idle time of described driving engine.
10. a method that regulates the running of motor vehicle driven by mixed power, comprises:
When turning round described motor vehicle driven by mixed power with low speed gear scope four wheel drive, in response to discharging car brake, automatically restart driving engine; And
Based on the described motor vehicle driven by mixed power that turns round with described low speed gear scope four wheel drive, in response to reaching first threshold state-of-charge, Vehicular battery stops engine rotation.
CN201310481294.XA 2012-05-04 2013-10-15 Method and system for four-wheel drive vehicle power train CN103723148B (en)

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105905105A (en) * 2015-02-20 2016-08-31 三菱自动车工业株式会社 Controller of four-wheel drive vehicle

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CN101898550A (en) * 2009-05-28 2010-12-01 福特全球技术公司 The method that the control driving engine is restarted
CN102092386A (en) * 2009-12-09 2011-06-15 福特全球技术公司 Hybrid electric vehicle hold function

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CN101659202A (en) * 2008-08-28 2010-03-03 比亚迪股份有限公司 Hybrid power driving system and driving method thereof
CN101898553A (en) * 2009-05-28 2010-12-01 福特环球技术公司 The control method of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle
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