CN103641254A - Full-automatic and unpowered sealed type oil-water separator - Google Patents

Full-automatic and unpowered sealed type oil-water separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103641254A
CN103641254A CN201310697708.2A CN201310697708A CN103641254A CN 103641254 A CN103641254 A CN 103641254A CN 201310697708 A CN201310697708 A CN 201310697708A CN 103641254 A CN103641254 A CN 103641254A
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oil
gun barrel
water
poly
separation
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CN201310697708.2A
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邱熙
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邱熙
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Priority to CN201310697708.2A priority Critical patent/CN103641254A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a full-automatic and unpowered sealed type oil-water separator. According to the market use conditions of an existing product and based on the use characteristics of water, oil and gas, the mixing and air flotation diffusion separation technology of water, oil and gas of an ejector, centrifugal separation technology of oil and water of a whirlcone and sedimentation method gravity separation technology are comprehensively adopted to realize the full-automatic and unpowered sealed type oil-water separator through the joint use of the electric programming, detection and switch technology and the joint use of dynamic separation technology and static separation technology. Theoretically, the full-automatic and unpowered sealed type oil-water separator is an overall thinking innovation for an existing sedimentation method gravity separation theory which is a static separation theory requiring of reducing the flowing speed and impact of an inlet liquid of the oil-water separation tank to accelerate the oil-water separation effect. The full-automatic and unpowered sealed type oil-water separator aims to provide an oil-water separator with high oil-water separation rate, small floor area, low investment cost, zero mechanical use failure, convenient use and maintenance, and no smelling pollution to a processing site; and the oil-water separator is particularly suitable for oil-water separation of restaurant kitchen industry.

Description

A kind of full-automatic unpowered closed type water-and-oil separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of water-and-oil separator, relate in particular to a kind of full-automatic unpowered closed type water-and-oil separator.
Background technology
At present, oil-water separation method mainly contains the methods such as gravity separation, centrifugation, dissolved air flotation, chemical separation and ultra-filtration and separation.Wherein:
1, gravity separation.The method utilizes profit density different, and component relatively light in profit liquid phase is when laminar flow regime, and heavier component is according to the characteristics of motion sedimentation of Stokes'formula.Expanding settling area is the main path that the method improves profit processing power with the settling velocity that improves water.Because mode is simple, there is no power machine, operation and maintenance cost is low, therefore uses so far the most extensive.The defect of the method is: (1), occupation area of equipment are large; (2), oily water separation contacts with air with floating oil collecting weak effect, (3), oil slick big area, easily pollutes surrounding environment.
2, centrifugation.The method utilizes profit density different, makes the oil-water mixture of high speed rotating produce different centrifugal force, by molecular sieve, realizes oily water separation.The method oily water separation speed is fast, floor space is little, oil-water separation is desirable.The defect of the method is: (1), facility investment are expensive; (2), consumed power is large, use cost is high; (3), while containing more other phase impurity in oil-water mixture, need by sub-sieve repeatedly, division technique flow process separated.
3, dissolved air flotation.Dissolved air flotation is to rely on the micro-bubble forming in water, carries dispersed oil droplets floating, makes a kind of method of oily water separation, and the method is widely used in combining with gravity separation mode at present, to improve oily water separation rate.The defect of the method is: (1), source of the gas need additional gas sources equipment and consumption of power; (2), when in oil-water mixture, suspended particle is more, dissolved air release easily stops up.
4, chemical separation.Chemical separation is to rely on quantitatively to add one or more chemical agents, to eliminate the activeconstituents in oil-water mixture, promotes oily flocculation, can make to contain low hydrophobic nature oil and realize fast oily water separation.The method is widely used in combining to improve oily water separation speed and standard of drainage with gravity separation mode, dissolved air flotation mode at present.The defect of the method is: (1), use chemical agent can increase processing cost; (2), add chemical agent and likely cause secondary pollution.
5, ultra-filtration and separation.The method relies on ultra-filtration membrane to hold back oil and other suspended particle in oil-water mixture, and treatment effect is the most desirable.The defect of the method is: (1), facility investment are expensive; (2), filtration, circulation and back flushing consumed power is large, use cost is high; (3), need to add chemical agent during back flushing, process the bad secondary pollution that likely causes.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide that a kind of oily water separation rate is high, floor space is little, cost of investment is low, a kind of full-automatic unpowered closed type water-and-oil separator of zero mechanical operational failure, working service convenience, the on-the-spot smell pollution of non-processor, the kitchen industry oily water separation that is specially adapted to eat.
A kind of full-automatic unpowered closed type water-and-oil separator of the present invention is by oily water inlet pipe, ejector, first step gun barrel, swirler, silt particle separation hood, oil removal cover, poly-oil cover (1), poly-oil pocket (1), second stage gun barrel, poly-oil cover (2), poly-oil pocket (2), purolator, oil extraction outlet (1), oil extraction outlet (2), water port (1), spoil disposal sand outlet (1), spoil disposal sand outlet (2), fluid level controller, electrical ball valve, sewage draining exit, water port (2), ejector inlet mouth, outside air inlet/outlet and associated pipe and composition of the control system, it is characterized in that: described oily water inlet pipe is connected with the swirler in first step gun barrel by ejector and associated pipe, described swirler top is provided with poly-oil cover (1), described swirler bottom is provided with silt particle separation hood, described silt particle separation hood bottom spoil disposal sand outlet (1) is connected with sewage draining exit pipeline by electrical ball valve and associated pipe, in described first step gun barrel and second stage gun barrel, be provided with the staggered oil removal cover of length, between described first step gun barrel top and poly-oil cover (1), be provided with poly-oil pocket (1), between described first step gun barrel top and poly-oil cover (1), be provided with fluid level controller, described poly-oil pocket (1) bottom is provided with oil extraction outlet (1), described first step gun barrel lower drain port (1) is communicated with second stage gun barrel by a connecting pipeline minute two-stage outlet, described gun barrel top, the second stage is provided with poly-oil cover (2), between described gun barrel top, the second stage and poly-oil cover (2), be provided with poly-oil pocket (2), described poly-oil pocket (2) bottom is provided with oil extraction outlet (2) and is communicated with first step gun barrel, described gun barrel bottom, the second stage is connected with water port (2) pipeline with electrical ball valve by connecting pipeline, purolator, described gun barrel bottom, second stage spoil disposal sand outlet (2) is connected with sewage draining exit pipeline by electrical ball valve and associated pipe, described first step gun barrel and oily water separation tank top, the second stage, ejector inlet mouth are interconnected by connecting pipeline, and with outside air inlet/outlet pipeline connection.
Principle of work of the present invention is:
1, the profit through high position gathering potential energy enters ejector with certain flow and flow velocity through profit inlet pipe under the effect of drop power, at ejector jet exit, profit sprays by ejector diffuser tube with the air mixed being sucked by suction function, under the effect of air, because oil is different from quality, after flow velocity reduces, in profit, will form a certain amount of oil gas particle.
2, the chorista tangential direction of the profit that has formed a certain amount of oil gas particle through swirler top enters swirler with certain flow and flow velocity, because oil is different from water and oil gas granular mass, the silt particle containing in water and water along swirler outer wall from top to bottom eddy flow assemble outflow swirler lower part outlet; Oil and oil gas particle, owing to being subject to centrifugal action less, therefore be gathered in swirler central zone, with cyclonic action spiral motion, shrink under contention effect and export by protruding and flow out swirler top in the middle part of swirler at eddy flow.
3, the water being flowed out by swirler bottom, silt particle and remaining oil enter after silt particle separation hood, under action of gravity, sedimentation enters spoil disposal sand outlet (1), water and remaining oil content layer upwelling mud extraction sand separation cover, continued the gravity settling separation of oil and water.
4, first step gun barrel lower drain port (1) is communicated with second stage gun barrel by a connecting pipeline minute two-stage outlet; To limit the flow of every one-level outlet, reduce the impact fluctuation that produces when water that first step gun barrel lower drain port (1) still contains residual oil enters second stage gun barrel, to promote the oily water separation in the gun barrel of the second stage.
5, the water that enters second stage gun barrel is under gravity settling effect, remaining silt particle will be gathered in spoil disposal sand outlet (2), oil will on float in tank on the water surface, water is overcoming resistance and is constantly being discharged by water port (2) by purolator filtration.
6, according to using present situation, according to preset program, regularly close water outlet electrical ball valve, after electrical ball valve is closed, liquid level in first step gun barrel and second stage gun barrel will improve constantly, wherein: in first step gun barrel, the oil of liquid level floating is constantly assembled to middle part under the effect of hydraulic pressure and poly-oil cover (1), and flow into poly-oil pocket (1) by poly-oil cover (1) outlet, and sent by oil extraction outlet (1); In the gun barrel of the second stage, the oil of liquid level floating is constantly assembled to middle part under the effect of hydraulic pressure and poly-oil cover (2), and flows into poly-oil pocket (2) by poly-oil cover (2) outlet.
7, when fluid level controller detects after water layer, sediment outflow electrical ball valve (1) is opened with sediment outflow electrical ball valve (2) simultaneously, estimated in limited time to close immediately after sediment outflow, while closing sediment outflow electrical ball valve (1) with sediment outflow electrical ball valve (2), synchronize and open water outlet electrical ball valve, due to above a series of breakdown action, liquid level in first step gun barrel and second stage gun barrel will decline rapidly, and complete the process of automatic oil draining and sediment outflow.
8, poly-oil pocket (2) bottom is provided with oil extraction outlet (2) and is communicated with first step gun barrel, when first step oily water separation jar liquid surface exported lower than communicating pipe,, the oil-containing water that gathers in oil pocket (2) returns first step gun barrel by stream.
9, be distributed in the oil removal cover in first step gun barrel and second stage gun barrel, by length staggered arrangement, for diffusing oil water settling area, the layering of promotion profit, gathering oil slick, raising oily water separation rate.
10, first step gun barrel and oily water separation tank top, the second stage, ejector inlet mouth are interconnected by connecting pipeline, and with outside air inlet/outlet pipeline connection, both be conducive to realize the gas circulation renewal at 2 separating tank tops, be conducive to again the collection and confinement of gases volatilizing in separating tank to be processed, prevent the pollution to environment.
The present invention compares with prior art products below effect major embodiment is:
1, rely on the high-order profit of assembling potential energy with certain flow and flow velocity, through profit inlet pipe, to enter ejector under the effect of drop power, at ejector jet exit, profit sprays by ejector diffuser tube with the air mixed being sucked by suction function, under the effect of air, because oil is different from quality, after flow velocity reduces, in profit, will form a certain amount of oil gas particle.Which is similar to dissolved air flotation, though effect is slightly poor, does not need consumption of power, there is no air machinery and dissolved air release plugging fault;
2, adopt swirler oil, water centrifugal separation technique, can accelerate oil, water velocity of separation, unstable in imported oil aqueous nature, flow velocity also possibly cannot reach in the situation of design requirements, this swirler can only partly be realized centrifugal separating effect, but does not need to add input or centrifugal running device, does not need consumption of power, there is no equipment operation failure;
3, through ejector, swirler, silt particle separation hood initial gross separation oil, water, with silt particle layering after profit again through two tank multilayer settling process gravity separation, adding dissolved air flotation with existing employing gravity separation compares with chemically separated equipment, significantly reduction equipment floor space, cuts down equipment investment cost and use and maintenance cost.
4, equipment oil extraction and spoil disposal sand all complete automatically by programming and detection signal, and there is no mechanical movement fault completely, and electrical ball valve running frequency is low, reliability is high.
5, first step gun barrel and oily water separation tank top, the second stage, ejector inlet mouth are interconnected by connecting pipeline, and with outside air inlet/outlet pipeline connection, both be conducive to realize the gas circulation renewal at 2 separating tank tops, be conducive to again the collection and confinement of gases volatilizing in separating tank to be processed, prevent the pollution to indoor environment.
6, product of the present invention is in conjunction with currently available products working conditions, according to water, oil, gas three's service performance, comprehensively adopts injector water, oil, gas to mix and air supporting separation by diffusion technology; Swirler oil, water centrifugal separation technique; Settling process gravity separation technology; Electronic programming, detection combine with switching technique, by the combination of dynamic separation technology and static separation technology is used, to realize a kind of full-automatic unpowered closed type water-and-oil separator.Wherein, injector is combined with swirler and applies to gun barrel import liquid front end, to existing settling process gravity separation, theoretical requirement reduces gun barrel import flow rate of liquid and impact, to accelerate the static separation theory of profit layered effect, is a kind of comprehensive Thinking Innovation.Relatively belong to a kind of brand-new built-up type invention with existing market water-and-oil separator product.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing is the structural representation of a kind of full-automatic unpowered closed type water-and-oil separator of the present invention.
Nomenclature in figure:
1 oily water inlet pipe, 2 ejectors, 3 first step gun barrels, 4 swirlers, 5 silt particle separation hoods, 6 oil removal covers, 7 poly-oil covers (1), 8 poly-oil pockets (1), 9 second stage gun barrels, 10 poly-oil covers (2), 11 poly-oil pockets (2), 12 purolators, 13 oil extraction outlets (1), 14 oil extraction outlets (2), 15 water port (1), 16 spoil disposal sand outlets (1), 17 spoil disposal sand outlets (2), 18 fluid level controllers, 19 electrical ball valves, 20 sewage draining exits, 21 water port (2), 22 ejector inlet mouths, 23 outside air inlet/outlets.
Embodiment
A kind of full-automatic unpowered closed type water-and-oil separator of the present invention is by oily water inlet pipe 1, ejector 2, first step gun barrel 3, swirler 4, silt particle separation hood 5, oil removal cover 6, poly-oil cover (1) 7, poly-oil pocket (1) 8, second stage gun barrel 9, poly-oil cover (2) 10, poly-oil pocket (2) 11, purolator 12, oil extraction outlet (1) 13, oil extraction outlet (2) 14, water port (1) 15, spoil disposal sand outlet (1) 16, spoil disposal sand outlet (2) 17, fluid level controller 18, electrical ball valve 19, sewage draining exit 20, water port (2) 21, ejector inlet mouth 22, outside air inlet/outlet 23 and associated pipe and composition of the control system, it is characterized in that: described oily water inlet pipe 1 is connected with the swirler 4 in first step gun barrel 3 by ejector 2 and associated pipe, described swirler top is provided with poly-oil cover (1) 7, described swirler bottom is provided with silt particle separation hood 5, described silt particle separation hood bottom spoil disposal sand outlet (1) 16 is connected with sewage draining exit 20 by electrical ball valve 19 and associated pipe, in described first step gun barrel 3 and second stage gun barrel 9, be provided with the staggered oil removal cover 6 of length, between described first step gun barrel 3 tops and poly-oil cover (1) 7, be provided with poly-oil pocket (1) 8, between described first step gun barrel 3 tops and poly-oil cover (1) 7, be provided with fluid level controller 18, described poly-oil pocket (1) 8 bottom is provided with oil extraction outlet (1) 13, described first step gun barrel 3 lower drain ports (1) 15 divide two-stage outlet to be communicated with second stage gun barrel 9 by connecting pipeline, described second stage gun barrel 9 tops are provided with poly-oil cover (2) 10, between described second stage gun barrel 9 tops and poly-oil cover (2) 10, be provided with poly-oil pocket (2) 11, described poly-oil pocket (2) 11 bottoms are provided with oil extraction outlet (2) 14 and are communicated with first step gun barrel 3, described second stage gun barrel 9 bottoms are connected with water port (2) 21 with electrical ball valve 19 by connecting pipeline, purolator 12, described second stage gun barrel 9 bottom spoil disposal sand outlets (2) 17 are connected with sewage draining exit 20 by electrical ball valve 19 and associated pipe, described first step gun barrel 3 is interconnected by connecting pipeline with second stage gun barrel 9 tops, ejector inlet mouth 22, and with outside air inlet/outlet 23 pipeline connections.

Claims (1)

1. a full-automatic unpowered closed type water-and-oil separator is by oily water inlet pipe, ejector, first step gun barrel, swirler, silt particle separation hood, oil removal cover, poly-oil cover (1), poly-oil pocket (1), second stage gun barrel, poly-oil cover (2), poly-oil pocket (2), purolator, oil extraction outlet (1), oil extraction outlet (2), water port (1), spoil disposal sand outlet (1), spoil disposal sand outlet (2), fluid level controller, electrical ball valve, sewage draining exit, water port (2), ejector inlet mouth, outside air inlet/outlet and associated pipe and composition of the control system, it is characterized in that: described oily water inlet pipe is connected with the swirler in first step gun barrel by ejector and associated pipe, described swirler top is provided with poly-oil cover (1), described swirler bottom is provided with silt particle separation hood, described silt particle separation hood bottom spoil disposal sand outlet (1) is connected with sewage draining exit pipeline by electrical ball valve and associated pipe, in described first step gun barrel and second stage gun barrel, be provided with the staggered oil removal cover of length, between described first step gun barrel top and poly-oil cover (1), be provided with poly-oil pocket (1), between described first step gun barrel top and poly-oil cover (1), be provided with fluid level controller, described poly-oil pocket (1) bottom is provided with oil extraction outlet (1), described first step gun barrel lower drain port (1) is communicated with second stage gun barrel by a connecting pipeline minute two-stage outlet, described gun barrel top, the second stage is provided with poly-oil cover (2), between described gun barrel top, the second stage and poly-oil cover (2), be provided with poly-oil pocket (2), described poly-oil pocket (2) bottom is provided with oil extraction outlet (2) and is communicated with first step gun barrel, described gun barrel bottom, the second stage is connected with water port (2) with electrical ball valve by connecting pipeline, purolator, described gun barrel bottom, second stage spoil disposal sand outlet (2) is connected with sewage draining exit pipeline by electrical ball valve and associated pipe, described first step gun barrel and oily water separation tank top, the second stage, ejector inlet mouth are interconnected by connecting pipeline, and with outside air inlet/outlet pipeline connection.
CN201310697708.2A 2013-12-18 2013-12-18 Full-automatic and unpowered sealed type oil-water separator Pending CN103641254A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104445696A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-03-25 中原特种车辆有限公司 Desanding and gas exhausting device
CN107098434A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-29 北京建筑大学 A kind of food and drink waste water processing system and processing method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2606627Y (en) * 2002-11-28 2004-03-17 中国石化集团江汉石油管理局江汉石油机械厂 Screw jet high efficiency oil and water separator
CN101445279A (en) * 2007-11-28 2009-06-03 北京石油化工学院 Compact cyclone air-flotation separation equipment for processing oily wastewater
CN202864965U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-04-10 森松(江苏)海油工程装备有限公司 Swirling air-flotation oil-water separator
CN202984226U (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-06-12 山东泰德新能源有限公司 Oil tank cleaning equipment

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2606627Y (en) * 2002-11-28 2004-03-17 中国石化集团江汉石油管理局江汉石油机械厂 Screw jet high efficiency oil and water separator
CN101445279A (en) * 2007-11-28 2009-06-03 北京石油化工学院 Compact cyclone air-flotation separation equipment for processing oily wastewater
CN202864965U (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-04-10 森松(江苏)海油工程装备有限公司 Swirling air-flotation oil-water separator
CN202984226U (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-06-12 山东泰德新能源有限公司 Oil tank cleaning equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104445696A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-03-25 中原特种车辆有限公司 Desanding and gas exhausting device
CN107098434A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-29 北京建筑大学 A kind of food and drink waste water processing system and processing method

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