CN103637896A - Swallowing function training stimulator - Google Patents

Swallowing function training stimulator Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103637896A
CN103637896A CN201310653493.4A CN201310653493A CN103637896A CN 103637896 A CN103637896 A CN 103637896A CN 201310653493 A CN201310653493 A CN 201310653493A CN 103637896 A CN103637896 A CN 103637896A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
ball
swallowing
training
air inlet
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310653493.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
覃洪金
王麟
罗明
张靖
杨再婷
Original Assignee
柳州市妇幼保健院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 柳州市妇幼保健院 filed Critical 柳州市妇幼保健院
Priority to CN201310653493.4A priority Critical patent/CN103637896A/en
Publication of CN103637896A publication Critical patent/CN103637896A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a swallowing function training stimulator which comprises a ball and an air feed pipe. One end of the air feed pipe is connected to the front end of the ball in a sleeved mode. An air outlet valve and a protrusion for blocking the air outlet valve are arranged in the other end of the air feed pipe. At least one air inlet and air inlet valves for opening or closing the air inlet are arranged on the pipe wall, between the air outlet valve and the ball, of the air feed pipe. The ball is in a peanut shell shape. A through hole is formed in the tail end of the ball, and a plug is arranged in the through hole. A fixing band is further arranged on the ball so that the hand of an operator can be conveniently fixed. According to the swallowing function training stimulator, swallowing training can be completed by squeezing and deflating the ball simply, so the swallowing function training stimulator has the advantages that the swallowing function training stimulator is convenient to use and easy to operate, secretions of a patient will not enter the silica gel air feed pipe in the training process, the patient can feel comfortable in hand holding, and the interior of the ball can be cleaned.

Description

吞咽功能训练刺激器 Swallowing function training stimulator

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种吞咽功能训练刺激器。 [0001] The present invention relates to an exercise swallowing stimulator.

背景技术[0002] 由于专门用于儿童吞咽功能训练的工具目前在国内市场上未见出售,但临床上因为脑损伤或其他疾病造成患者吞咽功能障碍很常见。 [0002] Since dedicated to children swallowing training tools currently no sold on the domestic market, but clinically because of brain damage or other diseases caused by swallowing disorders are common. 训练时为了避免患者出现误吸,注入空气刺激患者咽部诱发出吞咽反射、从而形成有效的吞咽动作能较好解决以上问题。 In order to avoid training patients with aspiration, air is injected to stimulate the patient to induce the swallowing reflex throat, thereby forming an effective swallowing can well solve the above problem. 目前有的自行用电脑键盘清洁吸球连接一次性输液管并安装调节器在管子上控制空气量,该工具简陋且不规范;还有的使用注射器连接一次性肛管,使用时先抽吸空气进去注射器然后推入小儿口腔,刺激其咽后壁,诱发出小儿吞咽反射从而产生吞咽动作,若不将管子抽出小儿口腔直接抽吸空气可将痰液吸入管子,注气时易将痰液注入小儿气管,造成误吸。 Currently, some self-cleaning balls from keyboard absorbent disposable infusion tube connected to and mounted on the regulator tube control the amount of air, the tool is simple and does not standardized; and anal use disposable syringe is connected, the suction air before use then push into the syringe pediatric oral, pharyngeal stimulate, induce children to produce a swallowing reflex swallowing, if the tube is drawn directly pediatric oral mucus suction air can be sucked tube, when gas injection is easy injection of sputum children trachea, causing aspiration. 总之,使用起来非常不方便。 In short, very inconvenient to use.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决的技术问题是:提供一种通过简单的挤压、放松球体就能完成吞咽训练,使用方便、操作简单、训练过程患者分泌物不会进入硅胶送气管内的吞咽功能训练刺激器,解决了上述现有技术存在的问题。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem are: to provide a simple extrusion, intratracheal relaxation swallowing swallowing sphere to complete training, easy to use, simple operation, the training process will not enter the patient secretions silica feed training stimulus, to solve the existing problems of the prior art.

[0004] 解决上述技术问题的技术方案是:一种吞咽功能训练刺激器,包括球体和送气管,所述的送气管一端套接在球体的前端上,送气管另一端内设置有空气出口瓣膜和用于阻挡空气出口瓣膜的凸起,所述的空气出口瓣膜与球体之间的送气管壁上开有至少一个空气入口和用于开闭空气入口的空气入口瓣膜。 [0004] The technical problem to solve the above technical solution is: one kind of functional training swallowing stimulator, comprising a feed pipe and a sphere, said feed pipe at the front end of the ball socket is provided with an air outlet valve in another end of the feed pipe and an air outlet valve for blocking the protrusion of the air supply pipe wall between the ball valve and the air outlet opening having at least one air inlet and an air inlet valve for opening and closing the air inlet.

[0005] 所述的球体为花生形状。 Said ball [0005] peanut shape.

[0006] 所述的球体尾端开有通孔,通孔内安装有塞子。 The trailing end of the ball [0006] has a through hole, the through hole is attached to the plug.

[0007] 所述的球体上还设置有便于固定操作者手部的固定带。 [0007] further provided with a sphere on the fixing belt fixing facilitates operator's hand.

[0008] 所述的送气管内径为0.4-0.6cm,所述的空气出口瓣膜为圆形,空气出口瓣膜直径比送气管内径大0.1-0.2cm。 [0008] The inner diameter of the air supply pipe is 0.4-0.6cm, said air outlet valve is circular, the air outlet valve air supply pipe inner diameter larger than the diameter of 0.1-0.2cm.

[0009] 所述的空气入口为圆形,直径为0.4-0.6cm,所述的空气入口瓣膜为圆形,空气入口瓣膜直径比空气入口大0.1-0.2cm。 [0009] The air inlet is circular, 0.4-0.6cm in diameter, said air inlet valve is circular, the air inlet valve is large in diameter than the air inlet 0.1-0.2cm.

[0010] 所述的送气管、空气出口瓣膜和空气入口瓣膜均是采用硅胶制成。 [0010] The air supply pipe, an air outlet valve and the air inlet valve are made of silicone.

[0011] 由于采用上述结构,发明之吞咽功能训练刺激器具有以下有益效果: [0011] Due to the above structure, function training swallowing stimulator invention has the following advantages:

1.本发明能够作为成人及儿童的吞咽训练的工具使用,使用方便,操作简单。 1. The present invention can be swallowed as a training tool for adults and children to use, easy to use, easy to operate. 本发明利用空气动力学的原理放松花生形状球体后,空气由空气入口进入球体内(空气入口瓣膜打开),挤压球体时空气形成一定压力的气流打开空气出口瓣膜刺激患者咽部,从而诱发病人的吞咽反射的出现,促进吞咽。 After relaxation of the present invention using the peanut shape ball aerodynamics, air enters the sphere (the air inlet valve is opened) by an air inlet, an air stream is formed under pressure opens the air outlet valve of the patient throat irritation squeeze the ball to induce the patient the swallowing reflex, promote swallowing. 通过简单的挤压、放松球体就能完成吞咽训练功能,吸气时也不需要将工具拿出患者口腔,使用方便,操作简单。 A simple squeeze, relax swallowing balls to complete the training function, the tool does not need to come up with the patient's mouth when inhaling, simple and easy to use and operate.

[0012] 2.训练过程患者分泌物不会进入硅胶送气管内。 [0012] 2. The training process does not discharge patients into the silicone feed the trachea. 靠近硅胶送气管前端Icm处设置有空气出口瓣膜,并设置有用于阻挡空气出口瓣膜的凸起。 Silica feed pipe close to a front end provided with an air outlet at Icm valve, and is provided with a protrusion for blocking the air outlet valve. 此结构的主要作用是,当硅胶送气管置于患者口腔内时,操作者挤压花生形状球体时,凸起顶住空气出口瓣膜将硅胶送气管前端关闭,患者口腔内的分泌物不会进入硅胶管内,以免放松球体时分泌物进入患者气道引起误吸。 The main effect of this structure is that, when the silica feed tube placed within the patient's mouth, when the operator squeezes peanut spherical shapes, the protrusion against the air outlet valve closed distal snorkel silica gel, secretions will not enter the patient's mouth the silicone tube, to prevent secretions into the patient's airways when the aspiration sphere relaxation.

[0013] 3.球体设计为花生形状,使操作者持握感觉舒适。 [0013] 3. The sphere designed peanut shape, so that the operator feels comfortable grip.

[0014] 4.固定带是将花生形状球体与操作者手部更好的固定,便于操作。 [0014] 4. The tape is secured to the peanut shape ball portion of the operator hand better fixation, ease of operation.

[0015] 5.花生形状球体的尾部活塞可取下,可对球体内进行清洗。 [0015] The tail peanut spherical shape of the piston can be removed, the ball body may be cleaned.

[0016] 下面,结合附图和实施例对本发明之吞咽功能训练刺激器的技术特征作进一步的说明。 [0016] Next, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and the technical features of the embodiments of the present invention swallowing function training stimulator further described.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1:本发明吞咽功能训练刺激器结构示意图。 [0017] FIG 1: a schematic view of the present invention swallowing training stimulus structure.

[0018] 图中:1_球体,2-送气管,21-空气入口,3-空气出口瓣膜,4-凸起,5-空气入口瓣膜,6-固定带,7-塞子。 [0018] FIG: 1_ spheres, 2 supply pipe, 21 an air inlet, an air outlet valve 3-, 4- projections, the air inlet valve 5-, 6- strap, 7- stopper.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0019] 实施例1:一种吞咽功能训练刺激器,如图1所示,包括球体I (可采用皮质材料制作)和送气管2,所述的球体I为花生形状。 [0019] Example 1: A training swallowing stimulator, shown in Figure 1, it comprises a ball I (cortical material may be used) and a feed pipe 2, the sphere I peanut shape. 所述的送气管2 —端套接在球体I的前端上(可方便取出送气管,清洁球体),送气管另一端内设置有空气出口瓣膜3和用于阻挡空气出口瓣膜的凸起4,所述的送气管2内径为0.5cm,所述的空气出口瓣膜3为圆形,空气出口瓣膜直径比送气管内径大0.1-0.2cm,即为0.7cm。 The air supply pipe 2 - sleeved on the front end side of the sphere I (snorkel can be easily removed, cleaning ball), provided with an air outlet valve 3 and an air outlet valve for blocking the other end of the projection 4 feed pipe the inner diameter of the feed pipe 2 to 0.5cm, the air outlet valve 3 is circular, the air outlet valve air supply pipe inner diameter larger than the diameter of 0.1-0.2cm, namely 0.7cm. 所述的空气出口瓣膜与球体之间的送气管壁上开有两个空气入口21和两个用于开闭空气入口的空气入口瓣膜5。 Feed pipe wall between said air outlet valve is opened and the ball 21 has two air inlets and two air inlet valve 5 for opening and closing the air inlet. 所述的空气入口为圆形,直径为0.5cm,所述的空气入口瓣膜为圆形,空气入口瓣膜直径比空气入口大0.2cm,即为0.7cm。 Said air inlet is circular, having a diameter of 0.5cm, a circular air inlet valve, air inlet valve diameter than the large air inlet 0.2cm, that is 0.7cm. 所述的球体尾端开有通孔,通孔内安装有塞子7 (可取下塞子清洁球体)。 The trailing end of the ball has a through-hole, the through hole 7 is attached to a plug (plug removable cleaning ball). 所述的球体上还设置有便于固定操作者手部的固定带6,固定带采用有弹性的胶类材料制作。 The sphere is also provided to facilitate the operator's hand fixing belt 6 is fixed, it is fixed with plastic type elastic material. 所述的送气管是采用软硬度适宜的硅胶制成,所述的瓣膜是采用硅胶制成。 The air supply pipe is the use of appropriate hardness made of silicone, the valve is made of silicone.

[0020] 作为本实施例的一种变换,所述的送气管内径、空气出口瓣膜直径、空气入口、空气入口瓣膜直径的大小和送气管壁上开有的空气入口的数量还可以根据实际需要调整。 Quantity [0020] As an embodiment according to the present embodiment of the conversion, the inner diameter of the supply pipe, the diameter of the air outlet valve, an air inlet, an air inlet valve and the feed tube diameter size of some walls of the air inlet opening may also be based on actual needs Adjustment.

[0021] 本发明适用于成人和儿童,成人使用时,硅胶送气管的长度(长出球体的部分)为13cm,儿童使用时,硅胶送气管的长度(长出球体的部分)为11cm。 When the invention is applicable to adults and children, adults, the length of the air supply pipe silica gel [0021] The present (section grow sphere) is 13cm, when children, the length of the air supply pipe silica gel (grown portion of a sphere) of 11cm.

[0022] 本发明球体用于挤压、放松后放出空气及吸入空气,花生球设计主要利于操作者抓握;球体还设置有便于固定操作者手部的固定带;球体尾部有塞子、前部有可拔出的送气管,利于清洗球体内部;送气管一端套接在球体前端上,送气管管腔上部内设置2处空气入口,入口处上方有瓣膜覆盖,管腔内下部有I个出气口,出气口处也有瓣膜覆盖,并在瓣膜的另一端有一凸起,阻拦瓣膜打开。 [0022] The present invention for pressing the ball, and the bleed air to relax after the intake air, peanut ball grips designed primarily facilitate operation; sphere facilitates further provided with a fixed portion of the operator's hand strap; sphere the tail plug, the front portion there extractable supply pipe, facilitate cleaning and internal spheres; end of the air supply pipe is sleeved on the front of the sphere, the air inlet is provided at the upper part of the snorkel lumen 2, there is a valve covering the top of the entrance, the lower part within the lumen illustrating the I air inlet, air outlet valves are also covered, and has a projection at the other end of the valve, open the valve block. 当挤压花生球体后放松时,入口处瓣膜打开,空气从两个入口快速进入球体,出口处瓣膜口封住,当再次挤压花生球时空气入口处瓣膜关闭出口瓣膜迅速打开,空气进入小儿口腔、刺激其咽后壁诱发吞咽反射;当需要连续刺激可不抽出管子,直接挤压、放松花生求即可,因为放松花生球时管子下部的瓣膜是关闭的,痰液不会进入管腔内,因此挤压花生球自然不会有痰液误入小儿气管,方便临床操作。 When the post extrusion relaxation peanut sphere, the entrance valve is opened, air from the two inlets into the fast ball, the outlet valve orifice is sealed, closing the outlet when the air inlet valve is a ball valve when pressed peanut again quickly open, air enters the children oral, pharyngeal stimulate the swallowing reflex induced; continuous stimulation may not be required when extracting the tube, direct extrusion, peanut seek to relax, because the lower portion of the tube to relax the peanut ball valve is closed, will not enter the lumen sputum thus squeezing peanut ball will naturally not have children strayed into the trachea sputum, easy to clinical practice.

Claims (7)

1.一种吞咽功能训练刺激器,其特征在于:包括球体(1)和送气管(2),所述的送气管(2) —端套接在球体(1)的前端上,送气管另一端内设置有空气出口瓣膜(3)和用于阻挡空气出口瓣膜的凸起(4),所述的空气出口瓣膜与球体之间的送气管壁上开有至少一个空气入口(21)和用于开闭空气入口的空气入口瓣膜(5)。 An exercise swallowing stimulator, characterized by: a ball (1) and the feed tube (2), said air supply pipe (2) - the ball end sleeved on the front end (1), the other supply pipe a valve disposed within the air outlet end (3) and an air outlet valve boss (4) barrier, the air supply pipe wall between said air outlet and the ball valve has at least one air inlet opening (21) and with the opening and closing an air inlet of the air inlet valve (5).
2.根据权利要求1所述的吞咽功能训练刺激器,其特征在于:所述的球体(1)为花生形状。 According to claim swallowing training stimulus claim 1, wherein: said ball (1) peanut shape.
3.根据权利要求1所述的吞咽功能训练刺激器,其特征在于:所述的球体尾端开有通孔,通孔内安装有塞子(7)。 According to claim swallowing training stimulus claim 1, wherein: said trailing end of a sphere with a through hole, the through hole is attached to the stopper (7).
4.根据权利要求1-3任一项所述的吞咽功能训练刺激器,其特征在于:所述的球体上还设置有便于固定操作者手部的固定带(6)。 According to claim training swallowing stimulator according to any of 1-3, characterized in that: further provided with a fastening tape fixed to facilitate the operator's hand (6) on the sphere.
5.根据权利要求1-3任一项所述的的吞咽功能训练刺激器,其特征在于:所述的送气管(2)内径为0.4-0.6cm,所述的空气出口瓣膜(3)为圆形,空气出口瓣膜直径比送气管内径大0.1-ο.2cm。 Training swallowing stimulator according to any of claims 1-3, characterized in that: said air supply pipe (2) to an inner diameter of 0.4-0.6cm, said air outlet valve (3) circular, the air outlet valve air supply pipe inner diameter larger than the diameter of 0.1-ο.2cm.
6.根据权利要求1-3任一项所述的的吞咽功能训练刺激器,其特征在于:所述的空气入口为圆形,直径为0.4-0.6cm,所述的空气入口瓣膜为圆形,空气入口瓣膜直径比空气入口大0.1-0.2cm。 According to claim training swallowing stimulator of any one of the claims 1-3, characterized in that: said air inlet is circular, 0.4-0.6cm in diameter, said air inlet valve is circular air inlet valve 0.1-0.2cm diameter larger than the air inlet.
7.根据权利要求1-3任一项所述的的吞咽功能训练刺激器,其特征在于:所述的送气管、空气出口瓣膜和空气入口瓣膜均是采用硅胶制成。 According to claim one of the swallowing function training stimulator any of claims 1-3, characterized in that: the air supply pipe, an air outlet valve and the air inlet valve are made of silicone.
CN201310653493.4A 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Swallowing function training stimulator CN103637896A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310653493.4A CN103637896A (en) 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Swallowing function training stimulator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310653493.4A CN103637896A (en) 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Swallowing function training stimulator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103637896A true CN103637896A (en) 2014-03-19

Family

ID=50243278

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310653493.4A CN103637896A (en) 2013-12-05 2013-12-05 Swallowing function training stimulator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103637896A (en)

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101203186A (en) * 2005-05-03 2008-06-18 西安大略大学 Oral device and kit for use in association therewith
CN102099000A (en) * 2008-04-15 2011-06-15 特鲁德尔医学国际公司 Swallowing air pulse therapy mouthpiece and method for the use thereof
CN203694005U (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-07-09 柳州市妇幼保健院 Swallowing function training stimulator

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101203186A (en) * 2005-05-03 2008-06-18 西安大略大学 Oral device and kit for use in association therewith
CN102099000A (en) * 2008-04-15 2011-06-15 特鲁德尔医学国际公司 Swallowing air pulse therapy mouthpiece and method for the use thereof
CN203694005U (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-07-09 柳州市妇幼保健院 Swallowing function training stimulator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA2688366C (en) Integrated mask and prongs for nasal cpap
CN101365508B (en) Venturi geometry design for flow-generator patient circuit
US8092434B2 (en) Device and method for washing nasal passages
US9730830B2 (en) Nasal insert and cannula and methods for the use thereof
JP2012519017A (en) Persistent positive airway pressure in the oral cavity (CPAP) interface
EP2701786B1 (en) Nasal interface device
CN104519841B (en) Mouth interface apparatus and method of use
CN201418852Y (en) Dysphagia healing appliance
CN2657622Y (en) Device for proventing snoring
CN201586310U (en) Anesthesia mask for endoscope
US8372215B2 (en) Human-interface cleaning device
CN201082290Y (en) Breathing mask for infant
CN202802139U (en) Nose-washing device
CN2848247Y (en) Disposable oxygen sucking humidifying device
CN201171846Y (en) Painless endoscope closed oxygen absorption mask
CN201394169Y (en) Female chest-health breast augmentation device
CN202052228U (en) Air filter suitable for mouth breathing
CN203017526U (en) Novel sputum eliminator
CN2587418Y (en) Filling and pumping device for nasal cavity
CN203763622U (en) Medical breathing device
CN205095201U (en) Oropharynx breather pipe can be fixed to oxygen uptake type
CN104739566B (en) Nasal air flow disturbance snoring formula
CN1119095A (en) Pressure change adsorption type magnetothermic acupuncture point therapeutic apparatus
US20100175721A1 (en) Method of cleaning a human-interface cleaning device
CN201120026Y (en) Stupefacient spray can

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)