CN103636532B - Carbon sink informationized marine ranch - Google Patents

Carbon sink informationized marine ranch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103636532B
CN103636532B CN201310624125.7A CN201310624125A CN103636532B CN 103636532 B CN103636532 B CN 103636532B CN 201310624125 A CN201310624125 A CN 201310624125A CN 103636532 B CN103636532 B CN 103636532B
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cover body
pipe
carbon sink
tower
carbon
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CN103636532A (en
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蔡惠文
高鹏
村上正吾
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a carbon sink informationized marine ranch. The carbon sink informationized marine ranch comprises a hollow communicated rigid pipe frame and a detachable net which is arranged on the inner side of the pipe frame; a semi-submersible tower which is provided with a cylinder structure is connected to the upper portion of the pipe frame; the inner side space which is defined through the pipe frame is communicated with the inner side space of the semi-submersible tower; a carbon sink monitoring device is arranged on the inner side of the semi-submersible tower; the carbon sink monitoring device which is arranged on the inner side of the semi-submersible tower can well isolating surrounding hydrological condition influences and accurately show vertical flux distribution of the carbon sink; the top of the upper portion wet neck is provided with an opening which can provide certain leisure fishing space. According to the carbon sink informationized marine ranch, when concentrated fishing is performed, the integral detachable net is hung to perform concentrated fishing only a connecting part which is arranged between the detachable net and the pipe frame is detached, and the working efficiency is high. The carbon sink informationized marine ranch has the advantages of being good in arrangement stability, large in breeding size and convenient to fish, having a carbon sink function and being good in vertical carbon sink measurement effect.

Description

Carbon converges information-based oceanic pasture
Technical field
The present invention relates to the large-scale carbon in a kind of off-lying sea and converges fishery equipment, particularly relates to carbon and converges information-based oceanic pasture.
Background technology
According to the study, 1999-2008, China seawater shellfish algae cultivates the carbonic acid gas about 4,400,000 tons removed from water body every year on average, and the cultivation of shellfish algae is equivalent to afforestation 5,000,000 hectares to the contribution reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide.The cultivation of shellfish algae not only provides a large amount of high-quality, healthy protein food for human society, has made major contribution for carbon dioxide content in air reduces simultaneously.Based on the construction of artificial sea jungle, sea area ecotope dynamic change in the factor compound action situations such as envirment factor, various seasons, different pollutant levels such as research different algal species, different light, temperature, salinity and tangleweed change of production, thus analyze the solid carbon effect of artificial algae field.It is strategic and tactful that the biological reduction of discharging of exploration increases remittance, promotes carbon remittance fishery construction.Prior art is as Chinese invention patent " off-lying sea anti-current wind wave prevention lifting fish culture net cage ", the patent No. 200610071322.0, disclose a kind of off-lying sea anti-current wind wave prevention lifting net cage, net cage frame is by the parallel horizontal buoyancy tube in vertical buoyancy tube, three roads, framework buoyancy tube connector, the framework branch pipe connecting piece strengthened, net cage lifting air inlet system and exhaust system, net cage decline balance control system and net cage drop to water-bed earth anchorage device and form.It is characterized in that: net cage frame is made up of the High strength plastic pipe of hollow, vertical buoyancy tube bear net cage gross weight and adjustable enter drainage discharge control the lifting of net cage, the down force that horizontal buoyancy tube produces by action of ocean current for bearing net cage, the external gravity that personnel work on net cage and goods and materials weight makes net cage increase, and the counterweight in the connecting branch strengthened by the buoyancy of horizontal buoyancy tube required for the buoyancy difference calculating net cage weight and net cage buoyancy when net cage declines and net cage bottom, the bottom of vertical buoyancy tube is left into discharge outlet, bascule when net cage declines is equipped with on top and air inlet system and exhaust system ensure the steady lifting of net cage, the bottom of the vertical buoyancy tube of every root is all connected with the earth anchor of band terminal pad, net cage drops to behind the bottom can firm net cage.But this facility information level is lower, supporting degree is low, and operating efficiency is limited, has the space of improving further.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of laying good stability for prior art, carrying capacity is large, harvesting is convenient, there is carbon remittance amount measurement function, the good carbon of vertical carbon remittance measurement effect converges information-based oceanic pasture.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme: carbon converges information-based oceanic pasture, the pipe support comprising the rigidity that hollow is communicated with and the detachable net be located at inside pipe support, wherein: the top of pipe support is connected with the half latent tower with tube structure, and the inner space that pipe support surrounds is connected with half inner space of diving tower; Carbon remittance monitoring device is provided with inside half latent tower.The carbon remittance monitoring device being positioned at the inner side of half latent tower can completely cut off hydrologic condition impact around preferably, and the Vertical Flux of reacting carbon remittance accurately distributes.The detachable net installed inside pipe support has the large feature of breeding spaces in the cultivation stage, and it is comparatively large to be in depth under water, therefore to stormy waves to protect fish effect more outstanding.The net neck open top on top, can for certain recreational fishing space.When concentrating harvesting, as long as lay down the attaching parts between detachable net and pipe support, just whole detachable net can be sling and carry out concentrated harvesting, operating efficiency is high.
For optimizing technique scheme, the measure taked also comprises: pipe support has circular top frame, and this top frame connects tower body through the upper bracket of radial arrangement; Underframe is connected with through column on the downside of upper bracket; The diameter of underframe is more than or equal to the diameter of upper bracket; Gimbal is connected with through the lower carriage of radial arrangement inside underframe; Multidirectional fishpump is also provided with inside half latent tower; Half latent top of tower is provided with quick net hauler.
Carbon remittance monitoring device comprises one and is arranged on the inversion cover body that on steelframe, Open Side Down, and on the downside of this cover body, outer wall is connected with scaffold; Scaffold has ball float; Screw is provided with below scaffold; Steelframe is provided with solar panels; Cover body is also provided with the positioner in energy perception orientation; Cover body side surface upper part runs through the carbonic acid gas detection collection assembly being provided with and can detecting gas concentration lwevel inside and outside cover body; Cover body is also provided with can to the air inlet and outlet device of air inlet inside cover body and exhaust.Positioner detects the gps coordinate at place for recording, and can detect whole detection buoy towards, and according to the angle towards adjustment screw, the instruction automatic moving received according to antenna is to needing the sea area detecting carbon remittance amount, period, solar panels provided the power of whole equipment, and had relevant device to carry out electricity storage.Be inverted cover body the air above the tested water surface is hedged off from the outer world, carbonic acid gas detects collection assembly according to test needs, inside different decimation in time cover bodies, air carries out gas concentration lwevel detection, and carries out Sampling hold to air, to treat further analysis.
Carbonic acid gas detects collection assembly and contains the bottle that has funnel-shaped bottom portion; The bottom of bottle connects cover body side through return pipe; The top of return pipe and cover body connecting portion is provided with air inlet pipe; The baffle plate being provided with inclination near air inlet pipe opening is positioned at inside bottle; Bottle top is connected with detector through exhaust tube; Detector has sampling pipe.The bottle with funnel-shaped bottom portion is provided with the baffle plate of inclination due to inside, and therefore, the air sucked in the air inlet pipe water droplet carried secretly can flow out from baffle plate drippage from return pipe.Air to be detected detects after exhaust tube enters detector, and meanwhile, air is saved in separately independently in sampling pipe.
The side of cover body run through near the position at middle part be provided with inner side be provided with intake valve pipe; Air inlet and outlet device contains the air flue running through and be arranged on covering on top; Air flue end is connected with air pump; Air flue is provided with air valve; The top that intake valve pipe is positioned at cover body inboard portion is provided with fan.Intake valve pipe is used for equilibrium air pressure, and air flue can be taken a breath in cover body, and forces the convection current of inner air by fan, consistent to reach inner air and outer air by ventilation, and then re-starts test.
Because carbon of the present invention converges information-based oceanic pasture, the top that have employed pipe support is connected with to be had half of tube structure and to dive tower, and the inner space that pipe support surrounds is connected with the inner space of half latent tower; Carbon remittance monitoring device is provided with inside half latent tower.The carbon remittance monitoring device being positioned at the inner side of half latent tower can completely cut off hydrologic condition impact around preferably, and the Vertical Flux of reacting carbon remittance accurately distributes.The detachable net installed inside pipe support has the large feature of breeding spaces in the cultivation stage, and it is comparatively large to be in depth under water, therefore to stormy waves to protect fish effect more outstanding.The net neck open top on top, can for certain recreational fishing space.When concentrating harvesting, as long as lay down the attaching parts between detachable net and pipe support, just whole detachable net can be sling and carry out concentrated harvesting, operating efficiency is high.Thus, the present invention has laying good stability, carrying capacity is large, harvesting is convenient, have carbon remittance amount measurement function, vertical carbon converges the good advantage of measurement effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiment of the present invention perspective view;
Fig. 2 is embodiment of the present invention sectional structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the quick net hauler perspective view of the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Drawing reference numeral illustrates: half latent tower 1, table of equipment 11, tower body 12, pipe support 2, top frame 21, underframe 22, upper bracket 23, lower carriage 24, gimbal 25, column 26, multidirectional fishpump 3, quick net hauler 4, detachable net 5, carbon remittance monitoring device 6, cover body 61, fan 611, intake valve pipe 612, air flue 613, air valve 614, air pump 615, carbonic acid gas detects collection assembly 62, return pipe 621, air inlet pipe 622, baffle plate 623, exhaust tube 624, detector 625, sampling pipe 626, scaffold 63, ball float 631, screw 632, steelframe 64, solar panels 641, antenna 642.
Embodiment: referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 3, carbon converges information-based oceanic pasture, the pipe support 2 comprising the rigidity that hollow is communicated with and the detachable net 5 be located at inside pipe support 2, wherein: the top of pipe support 2 is connected with the half latent tower 1 with tube structure, and the inner space that pipe support 2 surrounds is connected with half inner space of diving tower 1; Carbon remittance monitoring device 6 is provided with inside half latent tower 1.The carbon remittance monitoring device 6 being positioned at the inner side of half latent tower 1 can completely cut off hydrologic condition impact around preferably, and the Vertical Flux of reacting carbon remittance accurately distributes.The detachable net installed inside pipe support has the large feature of breeding spaces in the cultivation stage, and it is comparatively large to be in depth under water, therefore to stormy waves to protect fish effect more outstanding.The net neck open top on top, can for certain recreational fishing space.When concentrating harvesting, as long as lay down the attaching parts between detachable net and pipe support, just whole detachable net can be sling and carry out concentrated harvesting, operating efficiency is high.
Pipe support 2 has circular top frame 21, and this top frame 21 connects tower body 12 through the upper bracket 23 of radial arrangement; Underframe 22 is connected with through column 26 on the downside of upper bracket 23; The diameter of underframe 22 is more than or equal to the diameter of upper bracket 23; Lower carriage 24 through radial arrangement inside underframe 22 is connected with gimbal 25; Multidirectional fishpump 3 is also provided with inside half latent tower 1; Half latent tower 1 top is provided with quick net hauler 4.
Carbon remittance monitoring device 6 comprises one and is arranged on the inversion cover body 61 that on steelframe 64, Open Side Down, and on the downside of this cover body 61, outer wall is connected with scaffold 63; Scaffold 63 has ball float 631; Scaffold 63 is provided with screw 632 below; Steelframe 64 is provided with solar panels 641; Cover body 61 is also provided with the positioner in energy perception orientation; Cover body 61 side surface upper part runs through the carbonic acid gas detection collection assembly 62 being provided with and can detecting gas concentration lwevel inside and outside cover body 61; Cover body 61 is also provided with can to the air inlet and outlet device of air inlet inside cover body 61 and exhaust.Positioner detects the gps coordinate at place for recording, and can detect whole detection buoy towards, and according to the angle towards adjustment screw 632, the instruction automatic moving received according to antenna 642 is to needing the sea area detecting carbon remittance amount, period, solar panels 641 provided the power of whole equipment, and had relevant device to carry out electricity storage.Be inverted cover body 61 air above the tested water surface is hedged off from the outer world, carbonic acid gas detects collection assembly 62 according to test needs, inside different decimation in time cover bodies 61, air carries out gas concentration lwevel detection, and carries out Sampling hold to air, to treat further analysis.
Carbonic acid gas detects collection assembly and contains the bottle that has funnel-shaped bottom portion; The bottom of bottle connects cover body 61 side through return pipe 621; Return pipe 621 is provided with air inlet pipe 622 with the top of cover body 61 connecting portion; The baffle plate 623 being provided with inclination near air inlet pipe 622 opening is positioned at inside bottle; Bottle top is connected with detector 625 through exhaust tube 624; Detector 625 has sampling pipe 626.The bottle with funnel-shaped bottom portion is provided with the baffle plate 623 of inclination due to inside, and therefore, the water droplet that the air sucked in air inlet pipe 622 is carried secretly can drip from baffle plate 623 and flow out from return pipe 621.Air to be detected enters after detector 625 from exhaust tube 624 and detects, and meanwhile, air is saved in separately independently in sampling pipe 626.
The side of cover body 61 run through near the position at middle part be provided with inner side be provided with intake valve pipe 612; Air inlet and outlet device contains the air flue 613 running through and be arranged on cover body 61 top; Air flue 613 end is connected with air pump 615; Air flue 613 is provided with air valve 614; The top that intake valve pipe 612 is positioned at cover body 61 inboard portion is provided with fan 611.Intake valve pipe 612 is for equilibrium air pressure, and air flue 613 can be taken a breath in cover body 61, and forces the convection current of inner air by fan 611, consistent to reach inner air and outer air by ventilation, and then re-starts test.
Although describe the present invention in conjunction with preferred embodiment; so itself and be not used to limit the present invention; any those skilled in the art; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; can implement various change, the displacement of coordinate and amendment here to the theme listed, therefore protection scope of the present invention be as the criterion when the scope limited depending on proposed claim.

Claims (3)

1. carbon converges information-based oceanic pasture, comprise the pipe support (2) of the rigidity that hollow is communicated with and be located at the detachable net (5) of described pipe support (2) inner side, it is characterized in that: the top of pipe support (2) is connected with the half latent tower (1) with tube structure, and the inner space that pipe support (2) surrounds is connected with half inner space of diving tower (1); Described half latent tower (1) inner side is provided with carbon remittance monitoring device (6); Described pipe support (2) has circular top frame (21), and this top frame (21) connects tower body (12) through the upper bracket (23) of radial arrangement; Described upper bracket (23) downside is connected with underframe (22) through column (26); The diameter of described underframe (22) is more than or equal to the diameter of described upper bracket (23); Described underframe (22) inner side is connected with gimbal (25) through the lower carriage (24) of radial arrangement; Described half latent tower (1) inner side is also provided with multidirectional fishpump (3); Described half latent tower (1) top is provided with quick net hauler (4); Described carbon remittance monitoring device (6) comprises one and is arranged on the inversion cover body (61) that on steelframe (64), Open Side Down, and this cover body (61) downside outer wall is connected with scaffold (63); Described scaffold (63) has ball float (631); Described scaffold (63) is provided with screw (632) below; Described steelframe (64) is provided with solar panels (641); Described cover body (61) is also provided with the positioner in energy perception orientation; Described cover body (61) side surface upper part runs through the carbonic acid gas being provided with the inside and outside gas concentration lwevel of the cover body (61) described in detecting and detects collection assembly (62); Described cover body (61) is also provided with can to the inner side air inlet of described cover body (61) and the air inlet and outlet device of exhaust.
2. carbon according to claim 1 converges information-based oceanic pasture, it is characterized in that: described carbonic acid gas detects collection assembly and contains the bottle that has funnel-shaped bottom portion; The bottom of described bottle is through cover body (61) side described in return pipe (621) connection; Described return pipe (621) is provided with air inlet pipe (622) with the top of described cover body (61) connecting portion; The baffle plate (623) being provided with inclination near described air inlet pipe (622) opening is positioned at inside described bottle; Described bottle top is connected with detector (625) through exhaust tube (624); Described detector (625) has sampling pipe (626).
3. carbon according to claim 2 converges information-based oceanic pasture, it is characterized in that: the side of described cover body (61) is run through near the position at middle part and is provided with inner side and is provided with intake valve pipe (612); Described air inlet and outlet device contains the air flue (613) running through and be arranged on described cover body (61) top; Described air flue (613) end is connected with air pump (615); Described air flue (613) is provided with air valve (614); The top that described intake valve pipe (612) is positioned at described cover body (61) inboard portion is provided with fan (611).
CN201310624125.7A 2013-11-29 2013-11-29 Carbon sink informationized marine ranch Active CN103636532B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104351107B (en) * 2014-11-14 2016-08-31 浙江海洋学院 A kind of balancing equipment that feeds intake peculiar to vessel
CN104872019A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-02 孟庆牛 Suspension breeding rack for underwater animals
CN112154953B (en) * 2020-10-16 2022-03-04 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院(山东省海洋环境监测中心、山东省水产品质量检验中心) Sink-increasing marine ranch
CN114493099A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-05-13 成都理工大学 Urban and rural gradient construction method for carbon sink ecological importance

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CN203675856U (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-07-02 浙江海洋学院 Information carbon sink fishery platform

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101672775A (en) * 2009-10-18 2010-03-17 中国海洋大学 Seawater total organic carbon automatic on-line monitoring instrument
CN202735232U (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-02-13 上海摩威环境科技有限公司 Total organic carbon analyzer for seawater
CN102972316A (en) * 2012-12-11 2013-03-20 浙江海洋学院 Semi-submersible marine ranch
CN103323500A (en) * 2013-07-18 2013-09-25 徐成彬 Organic wastewater rapid automatic detecting instrument and detection method
CN203675856U (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-07-02 浙江海洋学院 Information carbon sink fishery platform

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