CN103632192A - Light energy electronic tag - Google Patents

Light energy electronic tag Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103632192A
CN103632192A CN 201310567782 CN201310567782A CN103632192A CN 103632192 A CN103632192 A CN 103632192A CN 201310567782 CN201310567782 CN 201310567782 CN 201310567782 A CN201310567782 A CN 201310567782A CN 103632192 A CN103632192 A CN 103632192A
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chip
memory
electronic tag
rfid tag
power supply
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CN 201310567782
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Chinese (zh)
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许晓航
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成都北岸科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a light energy electronic tag, which comprises a memory, an RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Device) electronic tag chip, a cell, a shell, a power supply management chip, an inverter and a solar panel, wherein the cell is used for supplying power to the memory and the RFID electronic tag chip; the memory, the RFID electronic tag chip and the cell are encapsulated in the shell; the memory is connected with the signal end of the RFID electronic tag chip through a signal transmission line; the power supply management chip is connected in series to a bus of a lead of the cell for supplying power to the memory and the RFID electronic tag chip; the two ends of the inverter are connected with the power supply management chip and the solar panel respectively through power supply leads; the power supply management chip, the inverter and the solar cell are encapsulated in the shell. Under the condition of sufficient illumination, sunlight is used for supplying electric energy, so that the power consumption speed of the cell encapsulated in the light energy electronic tag is lowered, and the service life of the light energy electronic tag is prolonged.

Description

光能电子标签 Energy electronic tags

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种RFID电子标签,特别是涉及一种光能电子标签。 [0001] The present invention relates to an RFID tag, particularly to a light electronic tag.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] RFID电子标签分为有源电子标签、无源电子标签和半有源电子标签,有缘电子标签以其具有的远距离自动识别特性在最近几年中得到了蓬勃的发展和广泛的运用。 [0002] RFID tag into active electronic tags, semi-passive tags and active electronic tag, the electronic tag affinity for its remote automatic recognition properties have been vigorous development and wide use in recent years .

[0003] 现有的RFID有源电子标签通常为内置电池后一体式封装,以使其内部元件获得良好的水、气体等阻隔性能,但由于封装得到的一体式结构使得其内置电池不可更换,导致单个RFID有源电子标签的使用寿命通常小于两年,这样,不利于RFID有源电子标签用户的使用成本控制。 [0003] The conventional active RFID tag is usually built-in battery after the integrated package, so that the internal element good water, gas barrier properties, but the integrated structure of the resulting package such that it is not built-in battery replacement, results in life single active RFID tag typically less than two years, this is not conducive to cost control active RFID tag of the user.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 针对上述由于封装得到的一体式结构使得其内置电池不可更换,导致单个RFID有源电子标签的使用寿命通常小于两年,这样,不利于RFID有源电子标签用户的使用成本控制的问题,本发明提供了一种光能电子标签。 [0004] Since the integrated structure of the package obtained such that it can not replace the built-in battery, resulting in the above-described active life single RFID tag is usually less than two years, this is not conducive to an active RFID tag using the user for cost control issues the present invention provides an electronic label light.

[0005] 为解决上述问题,本发明提供的光能电子标签通过以下技术要点来解决问题:光能电子标签,包括内存、RFID电子标签芯片、用于内存和RFID电子标签芯片电源供应的电池和外壳,所述内存、RFID电子标签芯片和电池均封装在外壳内,内存与RFID电子标签芯片的信号端通过信号传输线相连,还包括计电源管理芯片、反向器和太阳能电池板,所述电源管理芯片串联在电池向内存和RFID电子标签芯片供电的导线的总线上,反向器的两端分别通过供电导线连接电源管理芯片和太阳能电池板,电源管理芯片、反向器和太阳能电池板均封装在外壳内。 [0005] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a light electronic tag to solve the problem by the following techniques: energy electronic tag, comprising a memory, the RFID tag chip, a memory chip, and RFID tag, and a battery power supply a housing, said memory, RFID tag chip and battery are enclosed within the housing, signal terminal and the memory chip is connected to the RFID tag through the signal transmission line, further comprising a power management chip meter, solar panel inverters, and the power supply management chip and connected in series with the RFID tag memory chip supply battery bus wires, are connected to both ends of the inverter power management chip and solar panels, power management chip, the inverter and solar panels are powered by wires enclosed within the housing.

[0006] 具体的,当太阳能电池板处于工作状态时,设置的反向器基极上为高电位,集电极输出低电位,电源管理芯片的使能端接收信号后使得电池与内存和RFID电子标签芯片的通电导线处于断路,内存与RFID电子标签芯片的电能由太阳能电池板提供;当太阳能电池板处于非工作状态时,电源管理芯片使能端接收到的反向器信号使得电池与内存和RFID电子标签芯片的通电导线处于通路,内存与RFID电子标签芯片的电能由电池提供,这样,在本发明在有足够光照的情况下,电能由太阳能提供,有利于节约本发明中封装的电池中的电量。 [0006] Specifically, when the solar panel is in operation, the extremely high potential, the collector output of the inverter substrate is provided a low potential, the power management chip is enabled so that the battery terminal for receiving signal with RFID electronic memory and tag in the off chip electrified wires, RFID tag memory chip electrical energy provided by the solar cell panel; when the solar cell panel in a non-working state, the power management chip enable inverted signal can be received at the memory so that the battery and battery RFID tag chip, the current supply conductors in the passage, memory and power RFID tag chip is provided by a battery, so that, in the present invention, in the presence of light is sufficient, the electrical energy provided by the solar energy, help save the present invention is encapsulated in electricity.

[0007] 更进一步的技术方案为: [0007] A further aspect is:

还包括计时器芯片和控制内存、RFID电子标签芯片供电电路通、断的数字开关,所述计时器芯片和数字开关的信号端通过信号传输线相连,数字开关串联在电源管理芯片向内存和RFID电子标签芯片供电的导线上,且计时器芯片和数字开关均封装在外壳内。 Chip further includes a timer and a control memory, signal terminal power supply circuit of the RFID tag on, off digital switch, the digital switch and the timer chip is connected through the signal transmission line, digital switch connected in series to the power management chip and the memory of RFID tag chip on the power supply conductors, and the timer chip and the digital switch are enclosed in a housing.

[0008] 设置的计时器芯片用于自动计时,即根据设定的时长,成周期间断性的向数字开关输出信号,数字开关接收到信号以后,根据信号的不同控制数字开关的通电、断电状态,以使得内存和RFID电子标签芯片呈周期性间断工作,这样,有利于减小内存和RFID电子标签芯片的电能消耗。 After [0008] Timer chip timing for the automatic setting, i.e., the received signal according to the duration set to periodically intermittent switching output to a digital signal, a digital switch, the digital switch in accordance with the energization of the different control signals, power state, so that the RFID tag chip memory and periodically interrupted work, so, will help reduce memory and power consumption of the RFID tag chip.

[0009] 所述电池为锂离子电池。 The [0009] battery is a lithium ion battery.

[0010] 锂离子电池使用安全,同时具有高容量密度,这样,便于在同等电池重量的情况下得到更多的电量储存量。 [0010] The lithium ion battery safety, while having a high capacity density, so easy to obtain more power storage capacity of battery in case of equal weight.

[0011] 所述电源管理芯片的型号为CAT32。 The [0011] power management chip model CAT32.

[0012] CAT32具有体积小、相应速度快且性能稳定的特点。 [0012] CAT32 having a small size, the corresponding speed and stable performance characteristics.

[0013] 所述计时器芯片的型号为XM106。 [0013] The timer chip model XM106.

[0014] XM106计时器芯片计时长度长达900秒,同时具有计时精度高、工作电压低、工作电流小、外电路简单和检查方便迅速的特点。 [0014] XM106 timer timing chip length of up to 900 seconds, while having a high timing accuracy, low operating voltage, operating current is small, simple and easy to check the external circuit characteristics of rapid.

[0015] 所述数字开关的型号为NB0419。 The [0015] switch is model number NB0419.

[0016] NB0419工作电压范围宽、静态电流小且以灌入方式的驱动能力范围广。 [0016] NB0419 wide operating voltage range, and with a small quiescent current driving capability of a wide range poured embodiment.

[0017] 所述外壳的最外侧还设置有一层外壳强度加强层,所述外壳强度加强层为内嵌纤维的氟橡胶。 [0017] The outermost layer of the housing is further provided with a casing strength of the reinforcing layer, said reinforcing layer is embedded in the housing fiber strength fluororubber.

[0018] 设置的外壳强度加强层旨在增加外壳的耐磨性和抗尖锐物件破坏其密封性的能力,纤维具有重量轻、强度大、耐磨性好的特点,氟橡胶具有抗老化能力好、重量轻和柔韧性好的特点。 [0018] The strength of the housing is provided reinforcing layer is intended to increase the wear resistance and sharp objects sealability of the housing destroy the ability of the fiber having a light weight, high strength, good wear resistance characteristics, the fluororubber having a good aging resistance , light weight and good flexibility.

[0019] 所述外壳强度加强层的厚度范围在0.5毫米至2毫米范围内。 [0019] The strength of the shell thickness in the range reinforcing layer in the range of 0.5 to 2 mm.

[0020] 此厚度设置旨在在外壳强度加强层发挥增加外壳耐磨性和抗尖锐物件破坏能力的同时,选取较小的厚度范围,以保证本发明与外界相应阅读器之间的无线通信质量。 [0020] This thickness is provided in the housing is intended to increase the strength of the reinforcing layer and the shell play abrasion resistance and the ability to destroy the sharp objects, select a smaller range of thicknesses, to guarantee the quality of radio communication between the present invention and a corresponding external reader .

[0021] 本发明具有以下有益效果: [0021] The present invention has the following advantages:

在本发明在有足够光照的情况下,电能由太阳能提供,有利于减缓封装在本发明中的电池电量的消耗速度,延长本发明的实用寿命。 In the present invention, in the case where there is sufficient light, electric energy provided by the solar energy, will help slow down the rate of consumption in the package of the present invention, the battery power and prolong the useful life of the present invention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 图1为本发明所述的光能电子标签一个具体实施例的结构示意图。 [0022] FIG. 1 according to the present invention, a light electronic tag schematic structural diagram of a specific embodiment.

[0023] 图中标记分别为:1、内存,2、计时器芯片,3、RFID电子标签芯片,4、数字开关,5、电池,6、电源管理芯片,7、外壳,8、反向器,9、太阳能电池板。 [0023] FIG. Are labeled: 1, a memory 2, a timer chip, 3, RFID tag chip, 4, digital switches, 5, the battery 6, the power management chip, 7, housing 8, inverter 9, the solar cell panel.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0024] 下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步的详细说明,但是本发明的结构不仅限于以下实施例: [0024] The following embodiments in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail, but the structure of the present invention is not limited to the following Example:

实施例1: Example 1:

如图1所示,光能电子标签,包括内存1、RFID电子标签芯片3、用于内存I和RFID电子标签芯片3电源供应的电池5和外壳7,所述内存1、RFID电子标签芯片3和电池5均封装在外壳7内,内存I与RFID电子标签芯片3的信号端通过信号传输线相连,还包括计电源管理芯片6、反向器8和太阳能电池板9,所述电源管理芯片6串联在电池5向内存I和RFID电子标签芯片3供电的导线的总线上,反向器8的两端分别通过供电导线连接电源管理芯片6和太阳能电池板9,电源管理芯片6、反向器8和太阳能电池板9均封装在外壳7内。 As shown, an optical energy electronic tag, including a memory, the RFID tag chip 3, the battery power supply 3 and a housing 5 for the RFID tag memory chip and I 7, the memory 1, the RFID tag chip 3 and the battery 5 are enclosed in a housing 7, and the signal terminal memory I RFID tag chip 3 is connected via a signal transmission line, further comprising a power management chip meter 6, an inverter 8 and 9 solar cell panel, the power management chip 6 in series with the battery power to the memory 5 and the I RFID tag chip bus wire 3, 8 at both ends are connected to the inverter power management chip 6 and the solar cell panel 9. the power management chip 6, through supply line reverser 8 and the solar cell panel 9 are enclosed in a housing 7. [0025] 具体的,当太阳能电池板9处于工作状态时,设置的反向器8基极上为高电位,集电极输出低电位,电源管理芯片6的使能端接收信号后使得电池5与内存I和RFID电子标签芯片3的通电导线处于断路,内存I与RFID电子标签芯片3的电能由太阳能电池板9提供;当太阳能电池板9处于非工作状态时,电源管理芯片使能端接收到的反向器8信号使得电池5与内存I和RFID电子标签芯片3的通电导线处于通路,内存I与RFID电子标签芯片3的电能由电池5提供,这样,在本发明在有足够光照的情况下,电能由太阳能提供,有利于节约本发明中封装的电池中的电量。 [0025] Specifically, when the solar cell panel 9 is in operation, the inverter 8 base electrode provided on the high potential, the collector output low, the power management chip enable terminal receiving a signal so that the battery 5 and 6 memory and I RFID tag chip current supply conductor 3 is disconnected, the memory I RFID tag with power chip 3 is provided by the solar cell panel 9; and when the solar cell panel 9 is in non-operating state, the power management chip enable terminal receives the inverter 8 so that the signal I and the battery 5 and the RFID tag memory chip in the path of the current supply conductor 3, the memory I RFID tag chip with power supplied from the battery 3 to 5, such that there is sufficient light in the present invention next, the power provided by the solar energy, the present invention helps to save battery power package.

[0026] 实施例2: [0026] Example 2:

本实施例在实施例1的基础上作进一步改进,如图1所示,还包括计时器芯片2和控制内存1、RFID电子标签芯片3供电电路通、断的数字开关4,所述计时器芯片2和数字开关4的信号端通过信号传输线相连,数字开关4串联在电源管理芯片6向内存I和RFID电子标签芯片3供电的导线上,且计时器芯片2和数字开关4均封装在外壳6内。 In the present embodiment, as the basis of the embodiment 1 further improvement, shown in Figure 1, further includes a timer chip 2 and a control memory 1, the RFID tag chip 3 on a power supply circuit, a digital switch 4 off, the timer chip 2 and the digital switch signal terminal 4 through the signal transmission line is connected to digital switch 4 in series with the 6-powered power management chip to the memory I and the RFID tag chip 3 wires, and the timer chip 2 and the digital switch 4 are enclosed in a housing 6 inside.

具体的,设置的计时器芯片2用于自动计时,即根据设定的时长,成周期间断性的向数字开关4输出信号,数字开关4接收到信号以后,根据信号的不同控制数字开关4的通电、断电状态,以使得内存I和RFID电子标签芯片3呈周期性间断工作,这样,有利于减小内存I和RFID电子标签芯片3的电能消耗。 Specifically, the timer chip is arranged for automatic timing of 2, i.e., in accordance with the set length of 4 to periodically intermittent output signal to a digital switch, the switch 4 receives the digital signal after the digital signal depending on the control switch 4 power, power-off state, so that the RFID tag memory chip and I 3 periodically interrupted work, this will help reduce memory and I RFID tags 3 chip power consumption.

[0027] 实施例3: [0027] Example 3:

本实施例在实施例2的基础上作进一步改进,如图1所示,所述电池5为锂离子电池。 The present embodiment is further improved on the basis of the embodiment 2, as shown in Figure 1, the battery 5 is a lithium ion battery.

[0028] 所述电源管理芯片6的型号为CAT32。 [0028] The power management chip model 6 is CAT32.

[0029] 所述计时器芯片2的型号为XM106。 The [0029] Timer chip 2 model XM106.

[0030] 所述数字开关4的型号为NB0419。 The [0030] Digital switch 4 model NB0419.

[0031] 锂离子电池使用安全,同时具有高容量密度,这样,便于在同等电池5重量的情况下得到更多的电量储存量。 [0031] The lithium ion battery safety, while having a high capacity density, so easy to obtain more power storage capacity of the battery 5 in the case of equal weight.

[0032] CAT32具有体积小、相应速度快且性能稳定的特点。 [0032] CAT32 having a small size, the corresponding speed and stable performance characteristics.

[0033] XM106计时器芯片计时长度长达900秒,同时具有计时精度高、工作电压低、工作电流小、外电路简单和检查方便迅速的特点。 [0033] XM106 timer timing chip length of up to 900 seconds, while having a high timing accuracy, low operating voltage, operating current is small, simple and easy to check the external circuit characteristics of rapid.

[0034] NB0419工作电压范围宽、静态电流小且以灌入方式的驱动能力范围广。 [0034] NB0419 wide operating voltage range, and with a small quiescent current driving capability of a wide range poured embodiment.

[0035] 实施例4: [0035] Example 4:

本实施例在实施例1的基础上作进一步限定,如图1所示,所述外壳7的最外侧还设置有一层外壳强度加强层,所述外壳强度加强层为内嵌纤维的氟橡胶。 The present embodiment is further defined on the basis of the embodiment 1, as shown in Figure 1, the housing 7 is the outermost layer of the shell is also provided with a strength reinforcing layer, said reinforcing layer is embedded in the housing fiber strength fluororubber.

[0036] 所述外壳强度加强层的厚度范围在0.5毫米至2毫米范围内。 The [0036] housing strength reinforcing layer has a thickness in the range of 0.5 to 2 mm range.

[0037] 设置的外壳强度加强层旨在增加外壳的耐磨性和抗尖锐物件破坏其密封性的能力,纤维具有重量轻、强度大、耐磨性好的特点,氟橡胶具有抗老化能力好、重量轻和柔韧性好的特点。 [0037] The strength of the housing is provided reinforcing layer is intended to increase the wear resistance and sharp objects sealability of the housing destroy the ability of the fiber having a light weight, high strength, good wear resistance characteristics, the fluororubber having a good aging resistance , light weight and good flexibility.

[0038] 此厚度设置旨在在外壳强度加强层发挥增加外壳耐磨性和抗尖锐物件破坏能力的同时,选取较小的厚度范围,以保证本发明与外界相应阅读器之间的无线通信质量。 [0038] This thickness is provided in the housing is intended to increase the strength of the reinforcing layer and the shell play abrasion resistance and the ability to destroy the sharp objects, select a smaller range of thicknesses, to guarantee the quality of radio communication between the present invention and a corresponding external reader .

Claims (8)

  1. 1.光能电子标签,包括内存(1)、RFID电子标签芯片(3)、用于内存(I)和RFID电子标签芯片(3)电源供应的电池(5)和外壳(7),所述内存(I)、RFID电子标签芯片(3)和电池(5)均封装在外壳(7)内,内存(I)与RFID电子标签芯片(3)的信号端通过信号传输线相连,其特征在于,还包括计电源管理芯片(6)、反向器(8)和太阳能电池板(9),所述电源管理芯片(6)串联在电池(5)向内存(I)和RFID电子标签芯片(3)供电的导线的总线上,反向器(8)的两端分别通过供电导线连接电源管理芯片(6)和太阳能电池板(9),电源管理芯片(6)、反向器(8)和太阳能电池板(9)均封装在外壳(7)内。 1. The energy electronic tag, comprising a memory (. 1), RFID tag chip (3), a memory (I) and an RFID tag chip (3) power supply battery (5) and the housing (7), the memory (I), RFID tag chip (3) and a battery (5) are enclosed in a housing (7), the memory (I) with the RFID tag chip (3) of the signal terminal through the signal transmission line is connected, wherein, further comprising a power management chip meter (6), the inverter (8) and the solar cell panel (9), the power management chip (6) connected in series in the battery (5) to the memory (I) and an RFID tag chip (3 ) on the power bus conductors, both ends of the inverter (8) are respectively connected to power management chip (6) and the solar cell panel (9) by the power supply line, the power management chip (6), the inverter (8) and the solar cell panel (9) are enclosed in a housing (7).
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的光能电子标签,其特征在于,还包括计时器芯片(2)和控制内存(1)、RFID电子标签芯片(3)供电电路通、断的数字开关(4),所述计时器芯片(2)和数字开关(4)的信号端通过信号传输线相连,数字开关(4)串联在电源管理芯片(6)向内存(I)和RFID电子标签芯片(3)供电的导线上,且计时器芯片(2)和数字开关(4)均封装在外壳(6)内。 Light according to claim 1 of the electronic tag, characterized by further comprising a timer chip (2) and a control memory (1), the RFID tag chip (3) on the power supply circuit, a digital switch off (4 ), the timer chip (2) and digital switches (4) through the signal transmission end of the signal line is connected to digital switch (4) connected in series in the power management chip (6) to the memory (I) and an RFID tag chip (3) the power supply conductors, and the timer chip (2) and digital switches (4) are enclosed in a housing (6).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的光能电子标签,其特征在于,所述电池(5)为锂离子电池。 The energy electronic label according to claim 1, wherein said battery (5) is a lithium ion battery.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的光能电子标签,其特征在于,所述电源管理芯片(6)的型号为CAT32。 Light according to claim 1 of the electronic tag, wherein the power management chip (6), Model CAT32.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2所述的光能电子标签,其特征在于,所述计时器芯片(2)的型号为XM106。 5. The energy electronic tag according to claim 2, wherein said timer chip (2) a model XM106.
  6. 6.根据权利要求2所述的光能电子标签,其特征在于,所述数字开关(4)的型号为NB0419。 Light according to claim 2 of the electronic tag, wherein said digital switch (4), Model NB0419.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1至6中任意一个所述的光能电子标签,其特征在于,所述外壳(7)的最外侧还设置有一层外壳强度加强层,所述外壳强度加强层为内嵌纤维的氟橡胶。 The energy electronic tag to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the outermost casing (7) is further provided with a layer of reinforcing the strength of the shell layer, the strength of the reinforcing layer is embedded in the housing fluororubber fibers.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的光能电子标签,其特征在于,所述外壳强度加强层的厚度范围在0.5毫米至2毫米范围内。 8. The electronic tag according to claim 7, optical energy, wherein the strength reinforcing shell layer has a thickness in the range of 0.5 to 2 mm range.
CN 201310567782 2013-11-15 2013-11-15 Light energy electronic tag CN103632192A (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5995898A (en) * 1996-12-06 1999-11-30 Micron Communication, Inc. RFID system in communication with vehicle on-board computer
CN101819650A (en) * 2010-04-23 2010-09-01 天津大学 RFID electronic label
CN103093270A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-05-08 东莞市宏山自动识别技术有限公司 Radio frequency identification device (RFID) label capable of automatically sleeping and automatically starting
CN203562013U (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-04-23 成都北岸科技有限公司 Solar electronic tag

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5995898A (en) * 1996-12-06 1999-11-30 Micron Communication, Inc. RFID system in communication with vehicle on-board computer
CN101819650A (en) * 2010-04-23 2010-09-01 天津大学 RFID electronic label
CN103093270A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-05-08 东莞市宏山自动识别技术有限公司 Radio frequency identification device (RFID) label capable of automatically sleeping and automatically starting
CN203562013U (en) * 2013-11-15 2014-04-23 成都北岸科技有限公司 Solar electronic tag

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