CN103604168A - Heating and cooling air conditioner - Google Patents

Heating and cooling air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103604168A
CN103604168A CN201310566359.0A CN201310566359A CN103604168A CN 103604168 A CN103604168 A CN 103604168A CN 201310566359 A CN201310566359 A CN 201310566359A CN 103604168 A CN103604168 A CN 103604168A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heating
air conditioner
control module
distribution channel
heat exchanger
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310566359.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩宇
李金波
陈明瑜
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广东美的制冷设备有限公司
广州华凌制冷设备有限公司
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Application filed by 广东美的制冷设备有限公司, 广州华凌制冷设备有限公司 filed Critical 广东美的制冷设备有限公司
Priority to CN201310566359.0A priority Critical patent/CN103604168A/en
Publication of CN103604168A publication Critical patent/CN103604168A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating

Abstract

The invention discloses a heating and cooling air conditioner comprising a compressor, a four-way valve, an outdoor heat exchanger, an electrical control system, a first throttling element, an indoor heat exchanger, a one-way valve, a second throttling element and a controller. A first flow path and a second flow path which are arranged in parallel are connected between the first throttling element and the outdoor heat exchanger. The electrical control system comprises an electrical control module and an electrical control radiator. The electrical control radiator is arranged on the first flow path. The controller controls one of the first flow path and the second flow path to be communicated. According to an embodiment, in the cooling cycle, good cooling effect can be performed on the electrical control module, and the problems that reliability of the electrical control module is influenced through condensate water can be further solved; in the heating cycle, the temperature of the electrical control module can be prevented from being too low due to low-temperature refrigerant, and reliability of the electrical control module can be guaranteed when the heating and cooling air conditioner is operated.

Description

Heating and air conditioner
Technical field
The present invention relates to household appliance technical field, especially relate to a kind of heating and air conditioner.
Background technology
Along with the development of air-conditioning technical, convertible frequency air-conditioner has obtained general application in industry, but in the outdoor automatically controlled control system of transducer air conditioning, electronic control module heating is large, has limited the operation of compressor high frequency in hot environment.Current most of automatically controlled radiating mode using, mostly being metal fin dispels the heat by cross-ventilation, but under outdoor high temperature environment, this radiating mode heat radiation is poor, conventionally way is by reduction compressor operation frequency, to reduce electronic control module to generate heat to guarantee that air-conditioner normally moves, thereby affected greatly the refrigeration of convertible frequency air-conditioner in the situation that outdoor application environment is higher, affected user's comfort.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended at least solve one of technical problem existing in prior art.For this reason, one object of the present invention is to propose a kind of heating and air conditioner, and this heating and air conditioner not only can guarantee electronic control module to play good cooling effect, also can solve the problem that condensation water affects electronic control module reliability simultaneously.
Heating and air conditioner according to the embodiment of the present invention, comprising: compressor, and described compressor has exhaust outlet and air entry; Cross valve, described cross valve has first to fourth valve port, and described the first valve port is connected with described exhaust outlet, and described the second valve port is connected with described air entry; Outdoor heat exchanger, one end of described outdoor heat exchanger is connected with described the 3rd valve port; Indoor heat exchanger, one end of described indoor heat exchanger is connected with described the 4th valve port; First throttle element, described first throttle element is connected with the other end of described indoor heat exchanger, is connected with the first distribution channel and the second distribution channel that are arranged in parallel between described first throttle element and the other end of described outdoor heat exchanger; Automatically controlled control system, described automatically controlled control system comprises electronic control module and electric radiator, described electric radiator is located on described the first distribution channel; Controller, described controller is controlled one of them conducting in described the first distribution channel and described the second distribution channel.
According to the heating and air conditioner of the embodiment of the present invention, by be connected with the first distribution channel and the second distribution channel being arranged in parallel between outdoor heat exchanger and first throttle element, electric radiator is located on the first distribution channel, when refrigerating operaton, the temperature of discharging from outdoor heat exchanger approaches or enters into electric radiator so that electronic control module is carried out to absorbing and cooling temperature a little more than the cold-producing medium of outdoor environment temperature, and the cold-producing medium of this kind of refrigeration cycle passes through electric radiator always, thereby not only can guarantee electronic control module to play good cooling effect, also can solve the problem that condensation water affects electronic control module reliability simultaneously.Heating circulation time, the cold-producing medium of discharging from first throttle element is drained into outdoor heat exchanger by the second distribution channel, thereby it is too low to prevent that the temperature of electronic control module from falling in low-temperature refrigerant, the reliability of electronic control module in the time of can guaranteeing heating and air conditioner heating operation.
In addition, according to heating and air conditioner of the present invention, also there is following additional technical feature:
According to a particular embodiment of the invention, described controller is magnetic valve, and described magnetic valve is located on described the second distribution channel, and described magnetic valve is connected with described electronic control module.Thereby make the simple in structure of heating and air conditioner.
Further, heating and air conditioner also comprises the temperature-detecting device for detection of described electronic control module temperature, and described electronic control module is connected to control opening or closing of described magnetic valve according to the testing result of described temperature-detecting device with described temperature-detecting device.Thereby the temperature of assurance electronic control module in rational scope, further guarantees the reliability of electronic control module all the time.
Further, heating and air conditioner also comprises second section fluid element, and described second section fluid element is connected on described the first distribution channel.Thereby can further be lowered into the temperature of the cold-producing medium in electric radiator, make electric radiator better to the radiating effect of electronic control module.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, described electric radiator comprises: radiation shell, is provided with containing tank in described radiation shell; The metal tube of hollow, described metal tube is located in described containing tank, limits the refrigerant passage for the cold-producing medium that circulates in described metal tube.Thereby make the simple in structure of electric radiator.
Particularly, described radiation shell comprises: heat radiation base, and described heat radiation base is provided with the first groove; Cover plate, described cover plate is provided with the second groove, and described cover plate is located on described heat radiation base, and described the first groove and described the second groove fit are to limit described containing tank.Thereby make the simple in structure of radiation shell, and the installation of being convenient to metal tube is fixed.
Alternatively, described heat radiation base is metalwork, and described cover plate is working of plastics.
In examples more of the present invention, described metal tube forms " U " shape pipe.
Further, described containing tank forms " U " shape groove.
Alternatively, described first throttle element is capillary.
Additional aspect of the present invention and advantage in the following description part provide, and part will become obviously from the following description, or recognize by practice of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the present invention and advantage accompanying drawing below combination obviously and is easily understood becoming the description of embodiment, wherein:
Fig. 1 is according to the schematic diagram of the heating and air conditioner of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the decomposing schematic representation of the electric radiator that is provided with temperature-detecting device in the heating and air conditioner shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the assembling schematic diagram of the electric radiator in the heating and air conditioner shown in Fig. 1.
Reference numeral:
Heating and air conditioner 100, compressor 1, exhaust outlet 10, air entry 11, cross valve 2, the first valve port a, the second valve port b, the 3rd valve port c, the 4th valve port d, outdoor heat exchanger 3, electric radiator 4, radiation shell 41, refrigerant passage 40, metal tube 42, containing tank 410, heat radiation base 411, cover plate 412, the first groove 413, the second groove 414, first throttle element 5, the first distribution channel 6, the second distribution channel 7, controller 8, indoor heat exchanger 9, temperature-detecting device 12
The specific embodiment
Describe embodiments of the invention below in detail, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein same or similar label represents same or similar element or has the element of identical or similar functions from start to finish.Below by the embodiment being described with reference to the drawings, be exemplary, only for explaining the present invention, and can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.
In description of the invention, it will be appreciated that, orientation or the position relationship of the indications such as term " " center ", " on ", D score, 'fornt', 'back', " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end ", " interior ", " outward " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship; be only the present invention for convenience of description and simplified characterization; rather than the device of indication or hint indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific orientation structure and operation, so can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.In addition, term " first ", " second " be only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as indication or hint relative importance or the implicit quantity that indicates indicated technical characterictic.Thus, one or more these features can be expressed or impliedly be comprised to the feature that is limited with " first ", " second ".
In description of the invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, and for example, can be to be fixedly connected with, and can be also to removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be mechanical connection, can be to be also electrically connected to; Can be to be directly connected, also can indirectly be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, can concrete condition understand above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention.
Below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, describe according to the heating and air conditioner 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, particularly, this heating and air conditioner 100 is transducer air conditioning.
As shown in Figure 1, according to the heating and air conditioner 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, comprise: compressor 1, cross valve 2, outdoor heat exchanger 3, indoor heat exchanger 9, first throttle element 5, automatically controlled control system and controller 8, wherein, compressor 1 has exhaust outlet 10 and air entry 11, it should be noted that, the structure of compressor 1 and operation principle etc. have been prior art, are not just described in detail here.Cross valve 2 has the first valve port a, the second valve port b, the 3rd valve port c and the 4th valve port d, and the first valve port a is connected with exhaust outlet 10, and the second valve port b is connected with air entry 11.One end of outdoor heat exchanger 3 is connected with the 3rd valve port c.One end of indoor heat exchanger 9 is connected with the 4th valve port d.
First throttle element 5 is connected with the other end of indoor heat exchanger 9, is connected with the first distribution channel 6 and the second distribution channel 7 that are arranged in parallel between first throttle element 5 and the other end of outdoor heat exchanger 3.That is to say, between the other end of outdoor heat exchanger 3 and first throttle element 5, be connected with the first distribution channel 6 and the second distribution channel 7, the first distribution channels 6 and the second distribution channel 7 and be arranged in parallel.
Automatically controlled control system comprises electronic control module (scheming not shown) and electric radiator 4, electric radiator 4 is located on the first distribution channel 6, the contiguous electronic control module setting of electric radiator 4 is to carry out absorbing and cooling temperature to electronic control module, particularly, electric radiator 4 has the refrigerant passage 40 for the refrigerant that circulates, this refrigerant passage 40 is configured to a part for the first distribution channel 6, that is to say, enters into the flow through refrigerant passage 40 of electric radiator 4 of cold-producing medium in the first distribution channel 6.
One of them conducting that controller 8 is controlled in the first distribution channel 6 and the second distribution channel 7, that is to say, during one of them conducting in the first distribution channel 6 and the second distribution channel 7, another the not conducting in the first distribution channel 6 and the second distribution channel 7.
Particularly, controller 8 is connected with electronic control module, electronic control module controls according to the running status of heating and air conditioner 100 one of them conducting that controller 8 is controlled in the first distribution channel 6 and the second distribution channel 7, more specifically, when heating and air conditioner 100 is during in refrigerating operaton, the first distribution channel 6 conductings, the second distribution channel 7 not conductings, when heating and air conditioner 100 is during in heating operation, the second distribution channel 7 conductings, the first distribution channel 6 not conductings.
Heating and air conditioner 100 is when refrigerating operaton, now the first valve port a in cross valve 2 and the 3rd valve port c conducting, the second valve port b and the 4th valve port d conducting, as shown in the solid arrow in Fig. 1, the cold-producing medium of discharging from the exhaust outlet 10 of compressor 1 is drained into outdoor heat exchanger 3 by cross valve 2, cold-producing medium condensation heat radiation in outdoor heat exchanger 3, is reduced to and approaches or a little more than outdoor environment temperature through the temperature of the cold-producing medium of condensation heat radiation.Because controller 8 is controlled the first distribution channel 6 conductings, the second distribution channel 7 not conductings, the cold-producing medium of discharging from outdoor heat exchanger 3 enters into the electric radiator 4 the first distribution channel 6, and cold-producing medium carries out absorbing and cooling temperature to electronic control module in electric radiator 4.The cold-producing medium of discharging from electric radiator 4 enters into 5 throttlings of first throttle element, the cold-producing medium of discharging from first throttle element 5 enters into indoor heat exchanger 9, enter into the cold-producing medium of indoor heat exchanger 9 to using room to carry out absorbing and cooling temperature, the cold-producing medium of finally discharging from indoor heat exchanger 9 is expelled back in compressor 1 by cross valve 2 and air entry 11 successively, completes kind of refrigeration cycle.
Heating and air conditioner 100 is when heating operation, now the first valve port a in cross valve 2 and the 4th valve port d conducting, the second valve port b and the 3rd valve port c conducting, as shown in the dotted arrow in Fig. 1, the cold-producing medium of discharging from the exhaust outlet 10 of compressor 1 is drained into indoor heat exchanger 9 by cross valve 2, condensation heat radiation is to carry out heat release intensification to use room in indoor heat exchanger 9 for cold-producing medium, and the cold-producing medium of discharging from indoor heat exchanger 9 enters into first throttle element 5 and carries out throttling.Now due to the second distribution channel 7 conductings, the first distribution channel 6 not conductings.The cold-producing medium of discharging from first throttle element 5 enters into outdoor heat exchanger 3 by the second distribution channel 7, the cold-producing medium flowing in outdoor heat exchanger 3 carries out evaporation endothermic to reduce outdoor environment temperature, cold-producing medium is expelled back in compressor 1 by cross valve 2 and air entry 11 successively afterwards, completes and heats circulation.
In heating and air conditioner 100 during in heating operation, outdoor environment temperature is lower, now heat in circulation and pass through electric radiator 4 without cold-producing medium, prevent that the temperature of electronic control module from falling in low-temperature refrigerant too low, the reliability of electronic control module in the time of can guaranteeing heating and air conditioner 100 heating operation.
According to the heating and air conditioner 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, by be connected with the first distribution channel 6 and the second distribution channel 7 being arranged in parallel between outdoor heat exchanger 3 and first throttle element 5, electric radiator 4 is located on the first distribution channel 6, when refrigerating operaton, the temperature of discharging from outdoor heat exchanger 3 approaches or enters into electric radiator 4 so that electronic control module is carried out to absorbing and cooling temperature a little more than the cold-producing medium of outdoor environment temperature, and the cold-producing medium of this kind of refrigeration cycle passes through electric radiator 4 always, thereby not only can guarantee electronic control module to play good cooling effect, also can solve the problem that condensation water affects electronic control module reliability simultaneously.Heating circulation time, the cold-producing medium of discharging from first throttle element 5 is drained into outdoor heat exchanger 3 by the second distribution channel 7, thereby it is too low to prevent that the temperature of electronic control module from falling in low-temperature refrigerant, the reliability of electronic control module in the time of can guaranteeing heating and air conditioner 100 heating operation.
As shown in Figure 1, according to some embodiments of the invention, controller 8 is magnetic valve, and magnetic valve 8 is located on the second distribution channel 7, and magnetic valve 8 is connected with electronic control module, that is to say, magnetic valve 8 and electric radiator 4 are in state in parallel.Particularly, magnetic valve 8 has open mode and closed condition, and when magnetic valve 8 is during in closed condition, now the second distribution channel 7 is closed, and the cold-producing medium of discharging from outdoor heat exchanger 3 can only enter in the first distribution channel 6.When magnetic valve 8 is during in open mode, now due to the fluid resistance of the first distribution channel 6, be greater than the fluid resistance of the second distribution channel 7, the cold-producing medium major part of discharging from first throttle element 5 is drained into outdoor heat exchanger 3 by the second distribution channel 7.Thereby not only realized one of them in the first distribution channel 6 and the second distribution channel 7 object in conducting state, and made the simple in structure of heating and air conditioner 100.
As shown in Figure 2, according to some embodiments of the present invention, heating and air conditioner 100 also comprises the temperature-detecting device 12 for detection of electronic control module temperature, and electronic control module is connected to control opening or closing of magnetic valve 8 according to the testing result of temperature-detecting device 12 with temperature-detecting device 12.That is to say, now according to the temperature of the electronic control module detecting, control opening or closing of magnetic valve 8, thereby control cold-producing medium, whether flow in electric radiator 4 so that electronic control module is dispelled the heat.Particularly, in the process of heating and air conditioner 100 in refrigerating operaton and heating operation, all can control opening or closing of magnetic valve 8 according to the temperature of the electronic control module detecting, thereby the temperature of assurance electronic control module in rational scope, further guarantees the reliability of electronic control module all the time.Alternatively, temperature-detecting device 12 is temperature sensor, in examples more of the present invention, temperature-detecting device 12 is arranged on the sidewall of contiguous electronic control module of radiation shell 41, certainly the invention is not restricted to this, temperature-detecting device 12 also can be arranged in electronic control module or other can detect the position of the temperature of electronic control module.
In other embodiment of the present invention, electronic control module in heating and air conditioner 100 can also according to the parameter such as the frequency of compressor 1 or electric current, outdoor environment temperature control magnetic valve 8 open or close open cold-producing medium and whether circulate, play the object that electronic control module is dispelled the heat.
In further embodiment of the present invention, heating and air conditioner 100 also comprises second section fluid element (scheming not shown), and second section fluid element is connected on the first distribution channel 6, and second section fluid element is used for entering the cold-producing medium reducing pressure by regulating flow of electric radiator 4.The cold-producing medium of now discharging from outdoor heat exchanger 3 is introduced in second section fluid element and carries out being drained in the refrigerant passage 40 of electric radiator 4 reducing pressure by regulating flow again, thereby can further be lowered into the temperature of the cold-producing medium in electric radiator 4, make the radiating effect of 4 pairs of electronic control module of electric radiator better.Alternatively, second section fluid element can be electric expansion valve or capillary.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, electric radiator 4 comprises: the metal tube 42 of radiation shell 41 and hollow, wherein, is provided with containing tank 410 in radiation shell 41.Metal tube 42 is located in containing tank 410, that is to say, metal tube 42 is provided in a side of in radiation shell 41, limits refrigerant passage 40 in metal tube 42, and alternatively, metal tube 42 is copper pipe or aluminum pipe.Thereby make the simple in structure of electric radiator 4.In other embodiment of the present invention, containing tank 410 can be located on the outer surface of radiation shell 41, and now metal tube 42 is to be embedded on the outer surface of radiation shell 41.In concrete examples more of the present invention, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, metal tube 42 forms " U " shape pipe, and containing tank 410 forms " U " shape groove.Certainly the invention is not restricted to this, metal tube 42 and containing tank 410 also can form other shapes, and for example metal tube 42 can wriggle to extend and be located in containing tank 410.The shape of radiation shell 41 is not done concrete restriction simultaneously, and in the example of Fig. 1-Fig. 3, radiation shell 41 forms rectangular shape.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, in further embodiment of the present invention, radiation shell 41 comprises heat radiation base 411 and cover plate 412, wherein, the contiguous electronic control module of heat radiation base 411 arranges to guarantee that the cold-producing medium in metal tube 42 can carry out heat exchange with electronic control module, and heat radiation base 411 is provided with the first groove 413.Cover plate 412 is provided with the second groove 414, and cover plate 412 is located on heat radiation base 411, and the first groove 413 and the second groove 414 coordinate to limit containing tank 410.Thereby make the simple in structure of radiation shell 41, and the installation of being convenient to metal tube 42 is fixed.In examples more of the present invention, heat radiation base 411 is fixedly connected with by fixture with cover plate 412, certainly the invention is not restricted to this, between heat radiation base 411 and cover plate 412, also can adopt other modes to be fixedly connected with, for example, adopt buckle to connect.Wherein, in order to guarantee the radiating effect of radiation shell 41 and to reduce the cost of radiation shell 41 simultaneously, in examples more of the present invention, heat radiation base 411 is for example aluminum component of metalwork, and cover plate 412 is working of plastics.In the example of Fig. 2, temperature-detecting device 12 is located on heat radiation base 411.
The process of in heating and air conditioner 100 according to the preferred embodiment of the invention, electronic control module being lowered the temperature is described below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, wherein on the second distribution channel 7, be provided with magnetic valve 8, the temperature that electronic control module detects according to temperature sensor 12 is controlled opening or closing of magnetic valve 8.
Heating and air conditioner 100 is when refrigerating operaton, compressor 1 operation, cold-producing medium flows in outdoor heat exchanger 3 by cross valve 2, cold-producing medium is condensation heat radiation in outdoor heat exchanger 3, simultaneous temperature sensor 12 detects the temperature of electronic control module, if the temperature detecting reaches magnetic valve 8 while closing condition, magnetic valve 8 cuts out, and cold-producing medium flows in electric radiator 4 and electronic control module to be carried out to flow into first throttle element 5 after absorbing and cooling temperature carries out throttling.When if the temperature detecting reaches magnetic valve 8 unlocking condition, magnetic valve 8 is opened, and cold-producing medium flows directly into magnetic valve 8 and the electric radiator 4 of not flowing through, and the cold-producing medium flowing out from magnetic valve 8 enters into first throttle element 5 and carries out throttling.The cold-producing medium of discharging from first throttle element 5 enters into indoor heat exchanger 9 to using room to carry out absorbing and cooling temperature, then by cross valve 2, returns to the interior formation of compressor 1 and circulates.
Heating and air conditioner 100 is when heating operation, and compressor 1 moves, and cold-producing medium flow into condensation in indoor heat exchanger 9 by cross valve 2 and dispels the heat, and the cold-producing medium flowing out from indoor heat exchanger 9 flows into first throttle element 5 and carries out throttling.Simultaneous temperature sensor 12 detects the temperature of electronic control module, if the temperature detecting reaches magnetic valve 8 while closing condition, magnetic valve 8 cuts out, and cold-producing medium flows in electric radiator 4 electronic control module is carried out flowing into outdoor heat exchanger 3 after absorbing and cooling temperature.When if the temperature detecting reaches magnetic valve 8 unlocking condition, magnetic valve 8 is opened, and cold-producing medium flows directly into magnetic valve 8 and the electric radiator 4 of not flowing through, and cold-producing medium directly flow into outdoor heat exchanger 3 from magnetic valve 8.Cold-producing medium is evaporation endothermic in outdoor heat exchanger 3, and last cold-producing medium returns to compressor 1 by cross valve 2 and forms circulation.
In concrete examples more of the present invention, a setting value can be set in electronic control module, temperature and setting value that electronic control module detects temperature sensor 12 compare, when the temperature detecting is lower than when setting value, represent that the temperature detecting reaches magnetic valve 8 and opens condition, when the temperature detecting is higher than when setting value, represent that the temperature detecting reaches magnetic valve 8 and closes condition.
According to the heating and air conditioner 100 of the embodiment of the present invention, can when being lowered the temperature, electronic control module guarantee the security reliability of electronic control module.
In the description of this description, the description of reference term " embodiment ", " some embodiment ", " illustrative examples ", " example ", " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to be contained at least one embodiment of the present invention or example in conjunction with specific features, structure, material or the feature of this embodiment or example description.In this manual, the schematic statement of above-mentioned term is not necessarily referred to identical embodiment or example.And the specific features of description, structure, material or feature can be with suitable mode combinations in any one or more embodiment or example.
Although illustrated and described embodiments of the invention, those having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: in the situation that not departing from principle of the present invention and aim, can carry out multiple variation, modification, replacement and modification to these embodiment, scope of the present invention is limited by claim and equivalent thereof.

Claims (10)

1. a heating and air conditioner, is characterized in that, comprising:
Compressor, described compressor has exhaust outlet and air entry;
Cross valve, described cross valve has first to fourth valve port, and described the first valve port is connected with described exhaust outlet, and described the second valve port is connected with described air entry;
Outdoor heat exchanger, one end of described outdoor heat exchanger is connected with described the 3rd valve port;
Indoor heat exchanger, one end of described indoor heat exchanger is connected with described the 4th valve port;
First throttle element, described first throttle element is connected with the other end of described indoor heat exchanger, is connected with the first distribution channel and the second distribution channel that are arranged in parallel between described first throttle element and the other end of described outdoor heat exchanger;
Automatically controlled control system, described automatically controlled control system comprises electronic control module and electric radiator, described electric radiator is located on described the first distribution channel;
Controller, described controller is controlled one of them conducting in described the first distribution channel and described the second distribution channel.
2. heating and air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described controller is magnetic valve, and described magnetic valve is located on described the second distribution channel, and described magnetic valve is connected with described electronic control module.
3. heating and air conditioner according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise the temperature-detecting device for detection of described electronic control module temperature, described electronic control module is connected to control opening or closing of described magnetic valve according to the testing result of described temperature-detecting device with described temperature-detecting device.
4. heating and air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises second section fluid element, and described second section fluid element is connected on described the first distribution channel.
5. heating and air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described electric radiator comprises:
Radiation shell, is provided with containing tank in described radiation shell;
The metal tube of hollow, described metal tube is located in described containing tank, limits the refrigerant passage for the cold-producing medium that circulates in described metal tube.
6. heating and air conditioner according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described radiation shell comprises:
Heat radiation base, described heat radiation base is provided with the first groove;
Cover plate, described cover plate is provided with the second groove, and described cover plate is located on described heat radiation base, and described the first groove and described the second groove fit are to limit described containing tank.
7. heating and air conditioner according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described heat radiation base is metalwork, and described cover plate is working of plastics.
8. heating and air conditioner according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described metal tube forms " U " shape pipe.
9. heating and air conditioner according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described containing tank forms " U " shape groove.
10. heating and air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described first throttle element is capillary.
CN201310566359.0A 2013-11-14 2013-11-14 Heating and cooling air conditioner CN103604168A (en)

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Cited By (14)

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CN104089346A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-08 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air conditioner and air conditioner power component cooling method
CN104482610A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-01 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Cooling/warming air conditioner
CN104482609A (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-04-01 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Cooling/warming air conditioner
WO2016082440A1 (en) * 2014-11-26 2016-06-02 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner
CN105783307A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-20 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Cold-warm type air conditioner and control method thereof
CN105783324A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-07-20 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Cooling-heating-type air conditioner and control method thereof
CN105864918A (en) * 2015-02-09 2016-08-17 Lg电子株式会社 Heat radiation unit and outdoor unit of air conditioner having the same
CN105928109A (en) * 2016-05-27 2016-09-07 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Air conditioning system provided with modular heat exchange device and air conditioner comprising air conditioning system
CN106338132A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-01-18 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 Air conditioner circuit board cooling method and device
CN106352615A (en) * 2016-11-03 2017-01-25 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Air conditioner and refrigerant cooling control method for same
CN108291745A (en) * 2016-02-08 2018-07-17 三菱重工制冷空调系统株式会社 Refrigerating circulatory device
CN110529993A (en) * 2019-09-09 2019-12-03 广东美的暖通设备有限公司 Operating control device and method, air conditioner, computer readable storage medium
CN111207506A (en) * 2020-01-09 2020-05-29 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Condensation prevention control device and method for air conditioner controller and air conditioner
CN111397165A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-07-10 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 Air conditioner, control method and device thereof and storage medium

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Application publication date: 20140226