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CN103582158A - Straight-through tunnel establishing method, network element, gateway and straight-through tunnel establishing system - Google Patents

Straight-through tunnel establishing method, network element, gateway and straight-through tunnel establishing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103582158A
CN103582158A CN201210250541.0A CN201210250541A CN103582158A CN 103582158 A CN103582158 A CN 103582158A CN 201210250541 A CN201210250541 A CN 201210250541A CN 103582158 A CN103582158 A CN 103582158A
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China
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network element
gateway
function entity
tunnel
application function
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CN201210250541.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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周娜
霍玉臻
王静
李志军
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201210250541.0A priority Critical patent/CN103582158A/en
Publication of CN103582158A publication Critical patent/CN103582158A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a straight-through tunnel establishing method, a network element, a gateway and a straight-through tunnel establishing system. The method comprises the following steps: an application function entity transmits information of an opposite-end wireless side network element to a wireless side network element, and a straight-through tunnel is established between the wireless side network element and the opposite-end wireless side network element; or the application function entity transmits information of an opposite-end service gateway to a service gateway, and a straight-through tunnel is established between the service gateway and the opposite-end service gateway. By the adoption of the straight-through tunnel establishing method provided by the scheme, the problem that communication between terminals is carried out through an access gateway so as to cause large time delay of user data transmission can be solved, time delay of user data transmission can be reduced, the transmission performance of the system can be improved, and the user experience can be improved.

Description

一种直通隧道建立方法及网元及网关及系统 A through-tunnel establishment method and network elements and gateways and systems

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及移动通信领域,尤其涉及一种直通隧道建立方法及网元及网关及系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of mobile communications, and particularly relates to a through tunnel establishment method and a network element and the gateway and systems.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 为了保持第三代移动通信系统在通信领域的竞争力,为用户提供速率更快、时延更低、以及更加个性化的移动通信服务,同时,降低运营商的运营成本,第三代合作伙伴计划(3rd Generation Partnership Project,简称为3GPP)标准工作组正致力于演进分组系统(Evolved Packet System,简称EPS)的研究。 [0002] In order to remain competitive third generation mobile communication system in the field of communication, to provide users with faster rates, lower latency, and more personalized mobile communication services, while reducing the operator's operating costs, third Research Generation partnership Project (3rd Generation partnership Project, referred to as 3GPP) standards working group is working on an evolved packet system (evolved packet system, referred to as EPS) is. 整个EPS系统分为无线接入网和核心网两部分。 Whole EPS system is divided into a radio access network and a core network in two parts. 在核心网中,包含了归属用户服务器(Home Subscriber Server,简称为HSS)、移动性管理实体(Mobility Management Entity,简称为MME)、服务GPRS支持节点(Serving GPRSSupportNode,简称为SGSN)、策略计费规则功能(Policy and Charging Rule Function,简称为PCRF)、服务网关(Serving Gateway,简称为S-GW)、分组数据网关(PDN Gateway,简称为P-GW,)和分组数据网络(Packet Data Network,简称TON)。 In the core network, including the home subscriber server (Home Subscriber Server, referred to as HSS), a mobility management entity (Mobility Management Entity, referred to as MME), Serving GPRS Support Node (Serving GPRSSupportNode, referred to as SGSN), the policy and charging rules function (Policy and Charging rule function, referred to as the PCRF), a serving gateway (serving gateway, abbreviated as S-GW), a packet data gateway (PDN gateway, abbreviated as P-GW,) and a packet data network (packet data network, referred TON). 下面详细描述各部分功能: The following detailed description of some of the features:

[0003] 归属用户服务器,是用户签约数据的永久存放地点,位于用户签约的归属网。 [0003] Home Subscriber Server, a permanent storage location the user subscription data, located in the user subscribed home network.

[0004] 移动性管理实体,是用户签约数据在当前网络的存放地点,负责终端到网络的非接入层信令管理、终端的安全验证功能、终端的移动性管理、用户空闲模式下的跟踪和寻呼管理功能和承载管理。 [0004] mobility management entity, the user subscription data in the current network of storage sites, is responsible for the terminal to the network of non-access layer signaling management, terminal security authentication, terminal mobility management, user idle mode tracking and paging management and load management.

[0005] 服务GPRS支持节点,是全球移动通讯系统(Global Systemfor MobileCommunications,简称为GSM)增强数据率GSM 演进(Enhanced Data Rate for GSMEvolution,简称为EDGE)无线接入网(GSM EDGE Radio AccessNetwork,简称为GERAN)和通用移动通信系统(Universal Mobile Telecommunications System,简称为UMTS)陆地无线接入网(UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network,简称为UTRAN)用户接入核心网络的业务支持点,功能上与移动性管理实体类似,负责用户的位置更新、寻呼管理和承载管理等功能。 [0005] Serving GPRS Support Node, is a global system for mobile communications (Global Systemfor MobileCommunications, referred to as GSM) Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (Enhanced Data Rate for GSMEvolution, referred to as EDGE) radio access network (GSM EDGE Radio AccessNetwork, referred to as service support point GERAN) and UMTS (universal mobile Telecommunications system, referred to as UMTS) terrestrial radio access network (UMTS terrestrial radio access network, abbreviated to UTRAN) a user to access a core network functionality and mobility management entity Similarly, responsible for the user's location update, paging management and bearer management functions.

[0006] 服务网关,是核心网到无线系统的网关,负责终端到核心网的用户面承载、终端空闲模式下的数据缓存、网络侧发起业务请求的功能、合法监听和分组数据路由和转发功能;服务网关负责统计用户终端使用无线网的情况,并产生终端使用无线网的话单,传送给计费网关。 [0006] The serving gateway, the gateway core network to the radio system, is responsible for the terminal user plane core network bearer data cache in the idle mode terminal, the network side initiates function service request, lawful interception and packet routing and forwarding ; service gateway is responsible for statistical user terminals use a wireless network, and produce end-use bill wireless network, transfer to the billing gateway.

[0007] 分组数据网关,是演进系统和该系统外部分组数据网络的网关,它连接到因特网和分组数据网络上,负责终端的互联网协议(Internet Protocol,简称为IP)地址分配、计费功能、分组包过滤、以及策略控制等功能。 [0007] The packet data gateway, the gateway LTE system and the system to external packet data network, which is connected to the Internet and a packet data network for Internet protocol terminal (Internet Protocol, abbreviated as IP) address allocation, billing, packet packet filtering, and policy control.

[0008] 分组数据网络,是运营商的IP业务网络,该网络通过运营商的核心网为用户提供IP服务。 [0008] packet data network, is the operator's IP services network that provides IP services to users through the operator's core network.

[0009] 策略计费规则功能实体,是演进系统中负责提供计费控制、在线信用控制、门限控制、以及服务质量(Quality ofService,简称为QoS)策略方面规则的服务器。 [0009] policy and charging rules function entity, is an evolution of the system is responsible for providing charging control, online credit control, threshold control, and quality of service (Quality ofService, referred to as QoS) policy aspects of the rules of the server. [0010] 无线接入网,是由演进基站(Evolved NodeB,简称为eNB)和3G无线网络控制器(Radio Network Controller,简称为RNC)组成,它主要负责无线信号的收发,通过空中接口和终端联系,管理空中接口的无线资源、资源调度、以及接入控制。 [0010] The radio access network is composed of an evolved base station (Evolved NodeB, referred to as eNB) and a 3G radio network controller (Radio Network Controller, referred to as the RNC), which is mainly responsible for receives radio signals through an air interface and a terminal contact management air interface radio resources, resource scheduling, and access control.

[0011] IP 多媒体子系统(IP Multimedia Core Network Subsystem,简称IMS)是新一代通讯网络的核心,它的显著特点是采用了会话发起协议(Session Initiation Protocol,简称SIP)体系,通讯与接入无关,可以具备多种媒体业务控制功能与承载能力分离,呼叫与会话分离,应用与服务分离,业务与网络分离,以及移动网与因特网业务融合等多种能力,IMS的提出顺应了通讯网融合发展的趋势。 [0011] IP multimedia subsystem (IP Multimedia Core Network Subsystem, referred to as IMS) is the core of next-generation communications network, its distinctive feature is the use of the Session Initiation Protocol (Session Initiation Protocol, referred to as SIP) systems, telecommunications access-independent , you can have multiple media service control functions and the carrying capacity of the separation, the call separate session, applications and services separating business and network separation, and a variety of capacity mobile network and service convergence such as the Internet, IMS proposed conform to the communications network integration development trend.

[0012] 在IMS体系结构中,呼叫会话控制功能(Call Session Control Function,简称CSCF )是控制会话过程的核心网元,包括:代理呼叫会话控制功能(Proxy-CSCF,简称P-CSCF)、查询呼叫会话控制功能(Interrogating-CSCF,简称1-CSCF) 103、服务呼叫会话控制功能(Serving-CSCF,简称S-CSCF)。 [0012] In the IMS architecture, the call session control function (Call Session Control Function, referred to as CSCF) controlling session core network element, comprising: a proxy call session control function (Proxy-CSCF, referred to as P-CSCF), the query call session control function (Interrogating-CSCF, referred to as 1-CSCF) 103, a serving call session control function (serving-CSCF, referred to as the S-CSCF).

[0013] 当用户进行业务访问(如IMS业务)时,终端会发起F1DN (Packet DataNetwork,分组数据网络)连接建立过程,MME/SGSN根据终端上报的用户所使用业务对应的APN选择服务网关和网关,建立从终端-无线基站-核心网网关(服务网关和接入网关)间的用户面通道。 [0013] When the user service access (e.g., IMS service), the terminal initiates F1DN (Packet DataNetwork, Packet Data Network) connection establishment procedure, MME / SGSN the traffic corresponding to the APN selected serving gateway and the gateway using the user terminal reported by established from the terminal - the user plane channel between a core network gateway (serving gateway and the access gateway) - the radio base station. 图1所示为现有技术中用户终端接收/发送数据的用户面路径。 Figure 1 shows a terminal receiving / transmitting data user plane path to the prior art users.

[0014] 从图1中可以看出,用户终端的所有数据都需要经过接入网关,这种数据传输方式下数据在接入网关进行处理,增加了接入网关和传输网络的负荷,所有数据包必须经过接入网关这一点,又造成了接入网关这点的瓶颈问题突出。 [0014] As can be seen from Figure 1, all data of the user terminal needs to go through the access gateway, this data transmission data processed in the access gateway, increases the load on the access gateway and the transmission network, all the data package must access gateway that has also caused an access gateway bottleneck in this issue outstanding. 此外,即便相互通信的两个用户物理位置非常靠近,他们之间的数据通信也需要经过接入网关,增加了用户数据传输的时延,降低用户的使用体验。 In addition, two user's physical location even communicate with each other very close to, the data communication between them need to go through the access gateway, increased delay for user data transmission, reducing the user's experience.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0015] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种直通隧道建立方法及网元及网关及系统,解决终端与终端通信时经过接入网关导致的用户数据传输的时延较大的问题。 [0015] The present invention is to solve the technical problem is a big problem delay transmission of user data through the access gateway due to the provision of a through tunnel establishment method and a network element and the gateway and systems, solve the terminal communicates with the terminal.

[0016] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种直通隧道建立方法,其中,应用功能实体向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,所述无线侧网元与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道;或者,应用功能实体向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息,所述服务网关与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0016] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a straight-through tunnel establishment method, wherein the information of the wireless-side network element of the application function entity transmits to the wireless side of the network element, the radio side network element and the pair end wireless side network element established through a tunnel; Alternatively, the information on the client service gateway application function entity transmits to the serving gateway, the serving gateway and the establishment of the through tunnel peer service gateway.

[0017] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点: [0017] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics:

[0018] 所述方法具体包括:始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元建立直通隧道;或者,始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方服务网关传送始呼方服务网关的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方服务网关传送终呼方服务网关的信息,所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0018] The method comprises: always call the called party application function entity to the information recipient wireless side network element transmits an origination side wireless side network elements, side application function entity terminating the origination side of the wireless-side network element transmitting end information call recipient wireless side network element, the origination side of the radio side network element and the terminating call side wireless side network element established through a tunnel; or origination party application function entity to the serving gateway terminating party transmits origination side information service gateway, terminating party application function entity information about the terminating party serving gateway transmits to the originating call side serving gateway, the origination side serving gateway and the terminating side service gateway established through a tunnel.

[0019] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点: [0019] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics:

[0020] 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,执行所述传送操作。 [0020] The originating call recipient application function entity or the terminating party application function entity determines that the need is established through a tunnel, performing the transfer operation.

[0021] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点:[0022] 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,还向无线侧网元或服务网元发送路由优化指示,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元或者所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关在收到所述优化指示后建立所述直通隧道。 [0021] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics: [0022] The originating call recipient application function entity or terminated rear side of the application function entity determines the need for pass-through tunnel, further to the wireless side network element or a serving network element transmission route optimization indication, the origination side of the radio side network element and the terminating side radio side network element or the originating call side serving gateway and the terminating side service gateway established after receiving the optimized indication the pass-through tunnel.

[0023] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点: [0023] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics:

[0024] 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息; [0024] the application function entity via a policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity transmits to the wireless-side network element information of the wireless side network element end;

[0025] 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 The [0025] application function entity via a policy function entity, the access gateway to the serving gateway, the information terminal serving gateway.

[0026] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点: [0026] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics:

[0027] 无线侧网元是基站、家用基站、家用基站网关、无线网络控制器、数据分流功能实体; [0027] radio side network element is a base station, a home base station, a home base station gateway, a radio network controller, a data bypass function entity;

[0028] 移动性管理实体是移动管理单元、移动交换中心、服务GPRS支持节点、家用基站网关; [0028] mobility management entity is a mobility management unit, a mobile switching center serving GPRS support node, the home base station gateway;

[0029] 服务网关是服务网关或服务GPRS支持节点; [0029] Services Gateway is a service gateway or serving GPRS support node;

[0030] 接入网关是分组数据网络网关、接入网关、网关GPRS支持节点(GGSN); [0030] The access gateway is a packet data network gateway, an access gateway, a Gateway GPRS support node (the GGSN);

[0031] 策略功能实体是策略与计费规则功能; [0031] policy function entity is a policy and charging rules function;

[0032] 应用功能实体是代理呼叫会话控制(P-CSCF)或应用功能(AF)。 [0032] The application function entity is a proxy call session control (P-CSCF), or an application function (AF).

[0033] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供了一种应用功能实体网元,其中,所述应用功能实体网元包括直通隧道管理模块;所述直通隧道管理模块,用于向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,或者向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 [0033] To solve the above problems, the present invention also provides an application function entity NE, wherein the application function entity network element comprises pass-through tunnel management module; the through tunnel management module, for the wireless side network meta transmitting information on the wireless side network element transmits to the serving gateway side, or the information on the end of the service gateway.

[0034] 进一步地,上述应用功能实体网元还可以具有以下特点: [0034] Further, the application function entity NE may also have the following characteristics:

[0035] 所述直通隧道管理模块,具体用于经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息;经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 [0035] The pass-through tunnel management module is configured via a policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, cell transfer mobility management entity to the radio side network information of the wireless-side network element; via policy function entity , information terminal serving gateway access gateway transmits to the service gateway.

[0036] 进一步地,上述应用功能实体网元还可以具有以下特点: [0036] Further, the application function entity NE may also have the following characteristics:

[0037] 所述直通隧道管理模块,还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息;还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方服务网元传送始呼方服务网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方服务网元传送终呼方服务网元的信息。 [0037] The pass-through tunnel management module is also used in the application function entity NE as party application function entity originating call terminated to the recipient wireless side network element transmits start information call recipient wireless side network element, or the application function entity NE as party application function entity terminating element transmission terminating message recipient wireless side network element to the original call recipient wireless side network; further for the application function entity NE as the originating call recipient application when functional entity to the terminating party serving network element transmits an origination party serving network element information, or the application function entity NE as the terminating party service network when the recipient application function entity terminating the origination party serving network cell transmission information element.

[0038] 进一步地,上述应用功能实体网元还可以具有以下特点: [0038] Further, the application function entity NE may also have the following characteristics:

[0039] 所述应用功能实体网元还包括直通隧道建立判定模块; [0039] the application function entity network element further comprising a through tunnel establishing decision module;

[0040] 所述直通隧道建立判定模块,用于判定需要建立直通隧道后通知所述直通隧道管理模块执行所述通知操作。 [0040] The pass-through tunnel establishment determination means for determining the need for notification of the pass-through tunnel management module performs the notification operation back through the tunnel.

[0041] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供了一种无线侧网元,其中,所述无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; [0041] To solve the above problems, the present invention also provides a wireless-side network element, wherein, the wireless-side network element comprises a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module;

[0042] 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端无线侧网元的信息;[0043] 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端无线侧网元的信息后,与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道。 [0042] The receiving module, information for the peer wireless side network element receives the application function entity transmitted; [0043] The pass-through tunnel establishing module, configured in the receiving module receives the peer wireless side after the information network element, the establishment of the through tunnel peer wireless side network element.

[0044] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供了一种服务网关,其中,所述无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块;所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端服务网关的信息;所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端服务网关的信息后,与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0044] To solve the above problems, the present invention further provides a service gateway, wherein the wireless-side network element comprises a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module; the receiving module, for receiving the application function entity sending the information terminal serving gateway; the through tunnel establishing module, configured to, after the receiving module receives the information terminal serving gateway, the establishment of the through tunnel peer service gateway.

[0045] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供了一种直通隧道建立系统,其中,包括上述应用功能实体网元,还包括上述无线侧网元和/或上述服务网关。 [0045] To solve the above problems, the present invention further provides a straight-through tunnel establishment system, comprising the above-described application function entity NE, further comprising the wireless-side network element and / or said serving gateway.

[0046] 本方案中提供的直通隧道建立方法,可解决终端与终端通信时经过接入网关导致的用户数据传输的时延较大的问题,降低用户数据传输的时延,提高系统传输性能,提高用户的使用体验。 [0046] The present embodiment provides a through tunnel establishment methods, major problems delay through the access gateway caused when solve the terminal communicates with the terminal user data transmission, reducing the delay of user data transmission, to improve the system transmission performance, improve the user experience.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0047] 图1是根据相关技术的无线通信网络的数据路径示意图; [0047] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the data path of the wireless communication network of the related art;

[0048] 图2是实施例中直通隧道建立方法的流程图; [0048] FIG 2 is a flowchart of a through tunnel establishment method embodiment;

[0049] 图3是实施例中根据相关技术的EPS系统架构直通数据流的示意图; [0049] FIG. 3 is a diagram of a data streams in through The EPS system structure of the related art;

[0050] 图4是具体实施例中用户进行呼叫建立过程流程图一; [0050] FIG. 4 is a specific embodiment the user call setup process flowchart a;

[0051] 图5是具体实施例中用户进行呼叫建立过程流程图二; [0051] FIG. 5 is a user specific embodiment for call establishment process flow diagram II;

[0052] 图6是具体实施例中在无线侧网元之间建立直通隧道的流程图; [0052] FIG. 6 is a flowchart of the establishment through a tunnel embodiment between the radio side network element specific embodiment;

[0053] 图7是具体实施例中在无线侧网元之间释放直通隧道的流程图。 [0053] FIG. 7 is a flowchart of release through a tunnel between the wireless side network element specific embodiments.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0054] 本方案中提供直通隧道建立的一种方法,可实现就近用户间互通时的数据路径优化,如图2所示,可以建立两终端的无线侧网元之间的直通隧道,或者建立两终端的服务网关之间的直通隧道,不仅可减少运营商网络资源处理负担,而且可以有效地增强用户的使用体验。 [0054] The present embodiment provides a method for establishing a tunnel through, can realize the data path between nearby users communicate optimization, as shown, may be established through a tunnel between the radio side network two terminal element 2, or to establish straight-through tunnel between the serving gateway two terminals, not only can reduce the operator's network resources to handle the burden, but also can effectively enhance the user experience.

[0055] 如图3所示,直通隧道建立方法包括:应用功能实体向无线侧网元传送对端无线侦_元的信息,所述无线侧网元与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道;或者,应用功能实体向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息,所述服务网关与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0055] As shown, the straight tunnel establishment 3 method comprising: an application function entity investigation _ membered information of the wireless to the wireless network element transmitting side, the wireless-side network element and the counterpart wireless side network element established through tunnel; information terminal serving gateway or application function entity transmits to the serving gateway, the serving gateway and the establishment of the through tunnel peer service gateway.

[0056] 本方法具体包括:始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元建立直通隧道;或者,始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方服务网关传送始呼方服务网关的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方服务网关传送终呼方服务网关的信息,所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0056] The present method comprises: always call information recipient wireless side network element transmits an origination recipient wireless side network element called party application function entity to, the recipient application function entity terminating the origination side of the wireless-side network element transmits call termination information recipient wireless side network element, the origination side of the radio side network element and the terminating call side wireless side network element established through a tunnel; or origination party application function entity to the serving gateway terminating party transmits origination party service gateway information, terminating party application function entity information about the terminating party serving gateway transmits to the originating call side serving gateway, the origination side serving gateway and the terminating side service gateway established through a tunnel.

[0057] 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息;经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 [0057] the application function entity membered transmitted via policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity of the wireless side network information of the wireless-side network element; via policy function entity, the access gateway to the serving gateway transmits information terminal serving gateway.

[0058] 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体还可以执行是否需要建立直通隧道的判定,判定需要建立直通隧道后,执行所述传送操作。 [0058] The originating call recipient application function entity or party application function entity terminating call may also be performed if needed to establish a through tunnel determination, it determines the need for post through a tunnel, performing the transfer operation. 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,还向无线侧网元或服务网元发送路由优化指示,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元或者所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关在收到所述优化指示后建立所述直通隧道。 The origination party application function entity or terminated rear side of the application function entity determines the need for pass-through tunnel, further optimization indicating that the wireless side network element or a serving network element sends a route to the origination side of the wireless-side network element and the said terminating side radio side network element or the originating call side serving gateway and the terminating side service gateway establishing the pass-through tunnel after receiving the optimized indication.

[0059] 无线侧网元是基站、家用基站、家用基站网关、无线网络控制器、数据分流功能实体; [0059] The radio side network element is a base station, a home base station, a home base station gateway, a radio network controller, a data bypass function entity;

[0060] 移动性管理实体是移动管理单元、移动交换中心、服务GPRS支持节点、家用基站网关; [0060] mobility management entity is a mobility management unit, a mobile switching center serving GPRS support node, the home base station gateway;

[0061] 服务网关是服务网关或服务GPRS支持节点; [0061] Services Gateway is a service gateway or serving GPRS support node;

[0062] 接入网关是分组数据网络网关、接入网关、网关GPRS支持节点(GGSN); [0062] The access gateway is a packet data network gateway, an access gateway, a Gateway GPRS support node (the GGSN);

[0063] 策略功能实体是策略与计费规则功能; [0063] policy function entity is a policy and charging rules function;

[0064] 应用功能实体是代理呼叫会话控制(P-CSCF)或应用功能(AF)。 [0064] The application function entity is a proxy call session control (P-CSCF), or an application function (AF).

[0065] 下面将结合实例对本发明实施例的实现过程进行详细描述。 [0065] below with an example implementation process of embodiments of the present invention is described in detail.

[0066] 以下具体实施例图描述了基于演进的通用移动通信系统陆地无线接入网(Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network,简称E-UTRAN)系统的应用场旦 [0066] The following specific examples diagram for describing a general mobile communication system evolved land-based radio access network (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, referred to as E-UTRAN) system application field denier

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[0067] 图4是本发明在图1系统的基础上,用户进行呼叫建立过程流程图。 [0067] FIG. 4 is the present invention, in the system of FIG., The user call process flow diagram of the establishment. 此时,呼叫发起方的应用功能实体进行路由优化判断。 At this time, the call originator application function entity route optimization determination. 本具体实施例包括步骤401至424。 The present embodiment comprises steps 401-424.

[0068] 步骤401,终端I (即呼叫发起方)经应用功能实体1、S-CSCFl、1-CSCF, S-CSCF2和应用功能实体2向终端2 (即终呼方)发送邀请(Invite)消息。 [0068] Step 401, the terminal I (i.e., the call originator) by application function entity 1, S-CSCFl, 1-CSCF, S-CSCF2, and the application function entity 2 (i.e., terminating party) transmits invitation terminal 2 to (the Invite) messages.

[0069] 步骤402,终端2向应用功能实体2发送183消息。 [0069] Step 402, the terminal 2 sends the 183 message to the application function entity 2.

[0070] 步骤403,应用功能实体2向策略功能实体2请求资源授权。 [0070] In step 403, the application function entity 2 requesting resource authorization from the policy function entity 2.

[0071] 步骤404,策略功能实体2回应资源授权响应。 [0071] Step 404, the policy function entity 2 Responses to resource authorization response.

[0072] 步骤405,应用功能实体2经S-CSCF2、1-CSCF, S-CSCFl向应用功能实体I发送183消息,可选携带标签。 [0072] Step 405, the application function entity 2 via the S-CSCF2,1-CSCF, S-CSCFl I sends a 183 message to the application function entity, an optional carrying label.

[0073] 步骤406,应用功能实体I向策略功能实体I请求资源授权。 [0073] In step 406, the application function entity I request grants to the policy function entity I.

[0074] 步骤407,策略功能实体I回应资源授权响应。 [0074] In step 407, the policy function entity I responded resource authorization response.

[0075] 步骤408,应用功能实体I执行终端I和终端2是否可以进行路由优化的判断,并判定终端I和终端2可以进行路由优化。 [0075] Step 408, the application function entity I executing terminal I and terminal 2 whether route optimization determination, and determines the terminal I and terminal 2 may route optimization.

[0076] 步骤409,应用功能实体I向终端I传送183消息。 [0076] Step 409, the application function entity I transmit 183 message to the terminal I.

[0077] 步骤410,进行其他的SIP信令交互(如PRACK,UPDATE等)操作。 [0077] Step 410 performs other SIP signaling interaction (e.g. PRACK, UPDATE, etc.) operation.

[0078] 如果需要进行路由优化,则在步骤410中,应用功能实体I可以通过该过程中的任何一条现有消息携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、标签(该信息可选)给应用功能实体2。 [0078] If desired route optimization, in step 410, the application function entity I can carry routed by any of the processes a conventional message optimization indication, radio side network element I information tag (the information is optional) to application functional entity 2.

[0079] 步骤411,终端2向应用功能实体2响应2000K消息。 [0079] Step 411, the terminal 2 in response to 2000K message to the application function entity 2.

[0080] 步骤412,应用功能实体2向策略功能实体2发送资源批准请求,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、可选携带标签。 [0080] Step 412, the application function entity 2 approval from the policy function entity 2 sends the resource request carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless-side network element I information, an optional carrying the label.

[0081] 步骤413,策略功能实体2向接入网关2发送策略和计费规则提供,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、可选携带标签。 [0081] Step 413, the policy function entity 2 provides the access gateway 2 sends the policy and charging rules, carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless-side network element I information, an optional carrying the label.

[0082] 步骤414,执行资源修改过程,详见下面图6的执行过程。 [0082] Step 414, performing resource modification procedure, see below an implementation procedure 6. [0083] 步骤415,接入网关2向策略功能实体2回复策略和计费规则提供证实消息。 [0083] Step 415, the access gateway 2 provide confirmation message to the policy function entity 2 reply policy and charging rules.

[0084] 步骤416,策略功能实体2向应用功能实体2回复资源批准响应消息。 [0084] Step 416, the policy function entity 2 to the application function entity 2 replies resources approved by the response message.

[0085] 步骤417,应用功能实体2经S-CSCF2、1-CSCF, S-CSCFl向应用功能实体I发送2000K消息,携带无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0085] Step 417, the application function entity 2 via the S-CSCF2,1-CSCF, S-CSCFl I sent to the application function entity 2000K message carrying the radio side network element 2 information, optionally carrying label.

[0086] 步骤418,应用功能实体I向策略功能实体I发送资源批准请求,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0086] Step 418, the application function entity I I sends a policy function entity resource approval request carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless-side network element 2 information, optionally carrying label.

[0087] 步骤419,策略功能实体I向接入网关I发送策略和计费规则提供,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0087] Step 419, the policy function entity I I sends the policy and charging rules provide access gateway, carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless-side network element 2 information, optionally carrying label.

[0088] 步骤420,执行资源修改过程,详见下面图6的执行过程。 [0088] Step 420, performing resource modification procedure, see below an implementation procedure 6.

[0089] 步骤421,接入网关I向策略功能实体I回复策略和计费规则提供证实消息。 [0089] Step 421, the access gateway I I reply policy and charging rules to the policy function entity providing confirmation message.

[0090] 步骤422,策略功能实体I向应用功能实体I回复资源批准响应消息。 [0090] Step 422, the policy function entity I to the application function entity I reply to resources approved by the response message.

[0091] 步骤423,应用功能实体I向终端I回复2000K消息。 [0091] Step 423, the application function entity I reply 2000K message to the terminal I.

[0092] 步骤424,继续后续流程。 [0092] Step 424 to continue the subsequent process.

[0093] 图5是本发明在图1系统的基础上,用户进行呼叫建立过程流程图。 [0093] FIG. 5 is the present invention, in the system of FIG., The user call process flow diagram of the establishment. 此时,终呼方的应用功能实体进行路由优化判断。 In this case, the terminating party application function entity route optimization determination. 本实施例包括步骤501至524。 Embodiment comprises a step of the present embodiment 501-524.

[0094] 步骤501,终端I (即呼叫发起方)经应用功能实体1、S-CSCFl、1-CSCF, S-CSCF2和应用功能实体2向终端2 (即终呼方)发送邀请(Invite)消息。 [0094] Step 501, the terminal I (that is, the call originator) by application function entity 1, S-CSCFl, 1-CSCF, S-CSCF2 and Application Function 2 to terminal 2 (ie, the terminating party) sent an invitation (Invite) messages.

[0095] 步骤502,终端2向应用功能实体2发送183消息。 [0095] Step 502, the terminal 2 sends the 183 message to the application function entity 2.

[0096] 步骤503,应用功能实体2向策略功能实体2请求资源授权。 [0096] In step 503, the application function entity 2 requesting resource authorization from the policy function entity 2.

[0097] 步骤504,策略功能实体2回应资源授权响应。 [0097] Step 504, the policy function entity 2 Responses to resource authorization response.

[0098] 步骤505,应用功能实体2经S-CSCF2、1-CSCF, S-CSCFl向应用功能实体I发送183消息。 [0098] Step 505, the application function entity 2 via the S-CSCF2,1-CSCF, S-CSCFl I send 183 messages to the application function entity.

[0099] 步骤506,应用功能实体I向策略功能实体I请求资源授权。 [0099] Step 506, the application function entity I requested resource authorization to a policy function entity I.

[0100] 步骤507,策略功能实体I回应资源授权响应。 [0100] In step 507, the policy function entity I responded resource authorization response.

[0101] 步骤508,应用功能实体I向终端I传送183消息。 [0101] Step 508, the application function entity I transmit 183 message to the terminal I.

[0102] 步骤509,进行其他的SIP信令交互(如PRACK,UPDATE等)操作。 [0102] Step 509 performs other SIP signaling interaction (e.g. PRACK, UPDATE, etc.) operation.

[0103] 可选地,应用功能实体I可以通过该过程中的任何一条现有消息携带标签给应用功能实体2。 [0103] Alternatively, the application function entity I can through the process of any of the existing message carries the label to the application function entity 2.

[0104] 步骤510,应用功能实体2判断终端I和终端2是否可以进行路由优化。 [0104] Step 510, the application function entity 2 determines whether the terminal I and terminal 2 whether route optimization.

[0105] 步骤511,终端2向应用功能实体2响应2000K消息。 [0105] Step 511, the terminal 2 in response to 2000K message to the application function entity 2.

[0106] 步骤512,应用功能实体2向策略功能实体2发送资源批准请求,如果需要进行路由优化,则该消息中携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、可选携带标签。 [0106] Step 512, the application function entity 2 approval from the policy function entity 2 sends a resource request, if the need for route optimization, the message carries the routing optimization indication, radio side network element I information, an optional carrying the label.

[0107] 步骤513,策略功能实体2向接入网关2发送策略和计费规则提供,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、可选携带标签。 [0107] Step 513, the policy function entity 2 provides the access gateway 2 sends the policy and charging rules, carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless-side network element I information, an optional carrying the label.

[0108] 步骤514,执行资源修改过程,详见下面图6的执行过程。 [0108] Step 514, performing resource modification procedure, see below an implementation procedure 6.

[0109] 步骤515,接入网关2向策略功能实体2回复策略和计费规则提供证实消息。 [0109] Step 515, the access gateway 2 provide confirmation message to the policy function entity 2 reply policy and charging rules.

[0110] 步骤516,策略功能实体2向应用功能实体2回复资源批准响应消息。 [0110] Step 516, the policy function entity 2 to the application function entity 2 replies resources approved by the response message.

[0111] 步骤517,应用功能实体2经S-CSCF2、1-CSCF, S-CSCFl向应用功能实体I发送2000K消息,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0111] Step 517, the application function entity 2 via the S-CSCF2,1-CSCF, S-CSCFl I sent to the application function entity 2000K message carrying the route optimization indicates that a wireless-side network element 2 information, optionally carrying label. [0112] 步骤518,应用功能实体I向策略功能实体I发送资源批准请求,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0112] Step 518, the application function entity I I sends a policy function entity resource approval request carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless-side network element 2 information, optionally carrying label.

[0113] 步骤519,策略功能实体I向接入网关I发送策略和计费规则提供,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0113] Step 519, the policy function entity I I sends the policy and charging rules provide access gateway, carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless-side network element 2 information, optionally carrying label.

[0114] 步骤520,执行资源修改过程,详见下面图6的执行过程。 [0114] Step 520, performing resource modification procedure, see below an implementation procedure 6.

[0115] 步骤521,接入网关I向策略功能实体I回复策略和计费规则提供证实消息。 [0115] Step 521, the access gateway I I reply policy and charging rules to the policy function entity providing confirmation message.

[0116] 步骤522,策略功能实体I向应用功能实体I回复资源批准响应消息。 [0116] Step 522, the policy function entity I to the application function entity I reply to resources approved by the response message.

[0117] 步骤523,应用功能实体I向终端I回复2000K消息。 [0117] Step 523, the application function entity I reply 2000K message to the terminal I.

[0118] 步骤524,继续后续流程。 [0118] Step 524 to continue the subsequent process.

[0119] 以上图4和图5中携带的标签可以由应用功能实体I或应用功能实体2进行分配,用于唯一性标识承载,以便在直通隧道建立时在直通隧道建立请求或响应消息中携带,进行匹配承载。 [0119] the above FIGS. 4 and 5 carried the label can be allocated by the application function entity I or application function entity 2, for the unique identification of the bearer, so that through the tunnel when it is established through a tunnel establishment request or carries the response message , matching the carrier. 另外,路由优化指示表示需要建立直通隧道,即建立直通隧道指示。 In addition, route optimization indication indicates the need for straight-through tunnel, namely the establishment of through-tunnel indication.

[0120] 图6是在图1系统的基础上,在无线侧网元之间建立直通隧道的流程图。 [0120] FIG. 6 is based on the system of FIG established on the flowchart through a tunnel between the wireless side network element. 本流程包括步骤601至606。 This process includes the steps 601-606.

[0121] 步骤601,接入网关I接收到建立直通隧道指示。 [0121] Step 601, the access gateway I received established through a tunnel indicated.

[0122] 步骤602,接入网关I向服务网关I发送建立或更新承载请求,携带无线侧网元2信息,可选带标签。 [0122] Step 602, the access gateway I I sent to the serving gateway to establish or update bearer request carries the wireless-side network element 2 information, optionally with a label.

[0123] 步骤603,服务网关I向移动性管理实体I发送建立或更新承载请求,携带无线侧网元2信息,可选带标签。 [0123] Step 603, the serving gateway I I sends a setup or update bearer request carries the wireless-side network element 2 information, optionally with a label to the mobility management entity.

[0124] 步骤604,移动性管理实体I向无线侧网元I发送建立或修改承载请求,携带无线侧网元2信息,可选带标签。 [0124] Step 604, the mobility management entity I element I to the wireless-side network to establish or modify a bearer request carries the wireless-side network element 2 information, optionally with a label.

[0125] 步骤601'至步骤604',类似无线侧网元I,终呼端网络网元也执行了类似步骤601至步骤604的过程,因此,无线侧网元2也获取了无线侧网元I信息,可选地获得了标签。 [0125] Step 601 'to step 604', similar to the radio side network element I, the terminating end network element also performs the process similar to steps 601 to step 604, so that the radio side network element 2 also acquires the wireless side network element I information, optionally obtain the label.

[0126] 步骤605,可选地,无线侧网元I向无线侧网元2发送直通隧道建立请求消息,可选携带标签或隧道标识。 [0126] Step 605, alternatively, the wireless-side network element I element 2 to the wireless-side network through the tunnel setup request message, optionally carrying a label or tunnel identification. 无线侧网元2回复响应消息。 Radio side network element 2 reply a response message.

[0127] 步骤606,继续执行后续流程。 [0127] Step 606, to continue the subsequent process.

[0128] 上述流程中,直通隧道可以基于承载进行分流,也可以基于应用或IP流进行分流。 [0128] the above-described process, through the tunnel may be split based on the carrier, it can also be split based application or IP flows. 无线侧网元间建立的隧道可以是基于承载、或基于终端级别,如IMSI,或者基于设备或者基于IP地址级别的隧道(可以采用标签来作为隧道标识标记隧道,也可以由无线侧网元新分配隧道标识来标记隧道,用于承载管理)。 Between membered established wireless side network tunnel it may be based on the bearer or on the terminal level, such as IMSI, or may be a radio side network element newly-based device, or based on the IP address of the level of the tunnel (can use the tag as a tunnel identification mark tunnel, also dispensing tunnel identifier to mark the tunnel for carrying management).

[0129] 图7是在图1系统的基础上,在无线侧网元之间释放直通隧道的流程图。 [0129] FIG 7 is based on the system of FIG on between the radio side network element flowchart straight tunnel release. 本流程包括步骤701至706。 This process includes the steps 701-706.

[0130] 步骤701,接入网关I向服务网关I发送更新承载请求消息,携带TFTl信息。 [0130] Step 701, the access gateway I I sent to the serving gateway update bearer request message carries TFTl information.

[0131] 步骤702,服务网关I向移动性管理实体I发送更新承载请求消息,携带TFTl信 [0131] Step 702, the serving gateway I I sends an update bearer to the mobility management entity request message carrying TFTl letter

肩、O Shoulder, O

[0132] 步骤703,移动性管理实体I向无线侧网元I发送修改承载请求消息,携带TFT1。 [0132] Step 703, the mobility management entity I to the wireless side network element I sends a modify bearer request message carrying the TFT1.

[0133] 步骤704,无线侧网元I检查该TFT1,判断是否需要删除直通隧道。 [0133] Step 704, the wireless-side network element I checked the TFT1, judge whether to remove through the tunnel. 如果需要删除直通隧道,则无线侧网元I释放直通隧道相关信息。 If you need to remove the pass-through tunnel, the wireless side network element I released straight-through tunnel-related information.

[0134] 步骤701'至704',类似无线侧网元1,终呼端网络网元也执行了类似步骤701至步骤704的过程,因此,无线侧网元2也获取了TFT2信息,继而在判断需要删除直通隧道的情况下,释放直通隧道相关信息。 [0134] Step 701 'to 704', similar to the wireless side network element 1, the terminating end network element also performed a similar step 701 to step 704 of the process, so that the radio side network element 2 also acquired TFT2 information, and then in When it is determined to be deleted straight tunnel release through-tunnel-related information.

[0135] 步骤705,可选地,无线侧网元I向无线侧网元2发送直通隧道释放消息,可选带标签或隧道标识。 [0135] Step 705, alternatively, the wireless-side network element I to the wireless-side network element 2 through tunnel release message, optionally with a label or tunnel identification.

[0136] 步骤706,继续执行后续流程。 [0136] Step 706, to continue the subsequent process.

[0137] 以上实施例以无线侧网元之间建立隧道的场景为例进行描述,在服务网关之间建立隧道的情况下,描述如下: [0137] the case of the above embodiment in scenarios tunnel is established between the wireless side network element described as an example, establishing a tunnel between the serving gateway, is described as follows:

[0138] 图4和图5中,应用功能实体I和应用功能实体2分别获取的不是无线侧网元信息,而是服务网关2和服务网关I的信息,因此图4、图5和图6的消息中需要将携带的无线侧网元信息替换为携带服务网关信息。 [0138] Figures 4 and 5, 2 respectively acquire not wireless side network element information of the application function entity I and the application function entity, but the service gateway 2 and a serving gateway I information, and therefore FIG. 4, 5 and 6 the message needs to be carried in the wireless-side network element information replacement information carries the service gateway.

[0139] 图6中服务网关I在602之后,可以进行直通隧道建立操作,此时603和604不需要携带额外信息,且不执行605。 [0139] FIG. 6 serving gateway I after 602, may be performed through the tunnel setup operation, when 603 and 604 need not carry additional information is not performed 605. 终呼端网元类似上述处理。 Terminating end network element similar to the above process.

[0140] 图7中服务网关I在701之后,检查需要删除直通隧道后,进行直通隧道信息删除,可选向服务网关2发起直通隧道释放操作。 After the [0140] FIG. 7 Services Gateway I, after 701, check the need to remove the pass-through tunnel straight through the tunnel information is deleted, the optional launched the service gateway 2-through tunnel release operations. 此时不需要执行704和705。 At this time, no need to perform 704 and 705. 终呼端网元类似上述处理。 Terminating end network element similar to the above process.

[0141] 以上所有实施例中,任何无线侧网元之间或者服务网关之间的消息(如步骤605)都可以通过移动性管理实体进行传递,例如,任选两个移动性管理实体进行消息的传送。 [0141] All the embodiments described above, any message (step 605) between the between the wireless side network element or a serving gateway may be transmitted through a mobility management entity, e.g., optionally two mobility management entity message的传送。

[0142] 为了简化描述,以上实施例仅以图1的情况为例来说明本地IP访问连接的管理方式。 [0142] To simplify the description, the example only the case of FIG. 1 as an example to illustrate management local IP access connection to the above embodiment. 在其他情况下(例如,UTRAN系统、存在家用基站网关的情况下),仍然需要进行直通隧道的建立操作。 (Eg, UTRAN system, the presence of a home base station gateway), still required to establish the operation through the tunnel in other cases. 在这些情况下,对直通隧道的建立方式与上述实施例极为相似,不会对阐述本发明造成影响,故在此不再重复描述。 Under these circumstances, the establishment of the way through the tunnel with the above-described embodiment is very similar, will not affect the described invention, therefore will not be repeated.

[0143] 无线侧网元可以是基站、家用基站、家用基站网关、RNC (无线网络控制器,RadioNetwork Controller)、数据分流功能实体。 [0143] radio side network element may be a base station, a home base station, a home base station gateway, the RNC (radio network controller, RadioNetwork Controller), data offload function entity. 移动性管理实体可以为MME (移动管理单元,Mobility Management Entity)、MSC (移动交换中心,Mobile Switching Centre)、SGSN (月艮务GPRS支持节点,Serving GPRS Support Node)、家用基站网关。 The mobility management entity may be an MME (Mobility Management unit, Mobility Management Entity), MSC (Mobile Switching Center, Mobile Switching Centre), SGSN (monthly Burgundy service GPRS support node, Serving GPRS Support Node), home base station gateway. 服务网关可以是S-GW或SGSN0接入网关可以是P-GW、AGW或GGSN。 The serving gateway may be a S-GW or SGSN0 access gateway may be a P-GW, AGW or GGSN.

[0144] 策略功能实体可以是PCRF,应用功能实体可以是P-CSCF或AF。 [0144] policy function entity may be a PCRF, the application function entity may be a P-CSCF or AF.

[0145] 对应于上述方法,本系统中的应用功能实体网元包括直通隧道管理模块。 [0145] correspond to the above method, an application function entity NE in the present system includes a pass-through tunnel management module.

[0146] 所述直通隧道管理模块,用于向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,或者向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息;具体经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息;经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 [0146] The pass-through tunnel management module, for, or the information on the end of the service gateway information of the wireless-side network element gateway transfer service to transfer to the wireless side network element; in particular via the policy function entity, an access gateway, service gateways, cell transfer mobility management entity to the radio side network information of the wireless side network element; via policy function entity, the access gateway information to the service gateway, the peer serving gateway.

[0147] 所述直通隧道管理模块,还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息;还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方服务网元传送始呼方服务网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方服务网元传送终呼方服务网元的信息。 [0147] The pass-through tunnel management module is also used in the application function entity NE as party application function entity originating call terminated to the recipient wireless side network element transmits start information call recipient wireless side network element, or the application function entity NE as party application function entity terminating element transmission terminating message recipient wireless side network element to the original call recipient wireless side network; further for the application function entity NE as the originating call recipient application when functional entity to the terminating party serving network element transmits an origination party serving network element information, or the application function entity NE as the terminating party service network when the recipient application function entity terminating the origination party serving network cell transmission information element.

[0148] 所述应用功能实体网元还包括直通隧道建立判定模块;[0149] 所述直通隧道建立判定模块,用于判定需要建立直通隧道后通知所述直通隧道管理模块执行所述通知操作。 [0148] the application function entity network element further comprising a through tunnel establishing decision module; [0149] The pass-through tunnel establishment determination means for determining the need for notification of the pass-through tunnel management module performs the notification operation back through the tunnel.

[0150] 对应于上述方法,本系统中的无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; [0150] correspond to the above method, the present system the radio side network element includes a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module;

[0151] 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端无线侧网元的信息; [0151] The receiving module, information for the peer wireless side network element receives the application function entity transmitted;

[0152] 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端无线侧网元的信息后,与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道。 [0152] The pass-through tunnel establishing module, after receiving information of the peer wireless side network element of the receiving module, and the establishing the through tunnel peer wireless side network element.

[0153] 对应于上述方法,本系统中的一种服务网关包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; [0153] correspond to the above method, the present system is a service gateway comprising a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module;

[0154] 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端服务网关的信息; [0154] The receiving module, information for the peer serving gateway receives the application function entity transmitted;

[0155] 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端服务网关的信息后,与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0155] The pass-through tunnel establishing module, configured to, after the receiving module receives the information terminal serving gateway, the establishment of the through tunnel peer service gateway.

[0156] 本方案中的直通隧道建立系统包括上述应用功能实体网元,还包括上述无线侧网元和/或上述服务网关。 [0156] This embodiment of the through tunnel establishment the system comprises the above-described application function entity NE, further comprising the wireless-side network element and / or said serving gateway.

[0157] 需要说明的是,在附图的流程图示出的步骤可以在诸如一组计算机可执行指令的计算机系统中执行,并且,虽然在流程图中示出了逻辑顺序,但是在某些情况下,可以以不同于此处的顺序执行所示出或描述的步骤。 [0157] It should be noted that the steps illustrated in the flowchart drawings can be executed in a computer system-executable instructions, such as a set, and, although in the flowchart shown a logical order, but in some the case may be performed steps shown or described in a different order.

[0158] 需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相 [0158] Incidentally, in the case of no conflict, the embodiments and the features of the embodiments of the present application may be phase

互任意组合。 Mutual any combination thereof.

[0159]当然,本发明还可有其他多种实施例,在不背离本发明精神及其实质的情况下,熟悉本领域的技术人员可根据本发明作出各种相应的改变和变形,但这些相应的改变和变形都应属于本发明所附的权利要求的保护范围。 [0159] Of course, the present invention may have a variety of other embodiments, without departing from the spirit and essence of the present invention, those skilled in the art can make various corresponding modifications and variations according to the present invention, but these corresponding modifications and variations shall fall within the scope of the appended claims.

[0160] 本领域普通技术人员可以理解上述方法中的全部或部分步骤可通过程序来指令相关硬件完成,所述程序可以存储于计算机可读存储介质中,如只读存储器、磁盘或光盘等。 [0160] Those of ordinary skill in the art can understand that the above process all or part of the steps may be implemented by instructing related hardware via a program is completed, the program may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium, and the like, such as a read only memory, magnetic or optical disk. 可选地,上述实施例的全部或部分步骤也可以使用一个或多个集成电路来实现。 Alternatively, all or part of the steps of the above-described embodiments may be implemented using one or more integrated circuits. 相应地,上述实施例中的各模块/单元可以采用硬件的形式实现,也可以采用软件功能模块的形式实现。 Accordingly, each module / unit in the above-described embodiments may take the form of hardware, software functional modules may also be implemented. 本发明不限制于任何特定形式的硬件和软件的结合。 The present invention is not limited to use with any particular form of hardware and software.

Claims (13)

1.一种直通隧道建立方法,其中, 应用功能实体向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,所述无线侧网元与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道; 或者,应用功能实体向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息,所述服务网关与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 A through-tunnel establishment method, wherein the application function entity to the wireless side network element transmitting the information of the wireless side of the network element, the wireless-side network element and the establishment of the through tunnel peer radio side network element; or information on the end of the service gateway application function entity transmits to the serving gateway, the serving gateway and the establishment of the through tunnel peer service gateway.
2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述方法具体包括:始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元建立直通隧道; 或者, 始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方服务网关传送始呼方服务网关的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方服务网关传送终呼方服务网关的信息,所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关建立直通隧道。 2. A method according to claim 1, wherein said method comprises: always call information recipient wireless side network element transmits an origination recipient wireless side network element called party application function entity to a final called party applications functional entity membered transmits call termination to the origination side of the wireless side network information recipient wireless side network element, the origination side of the radio side network element and the terminating call side wireless side network element established through a tunnel; or origination side applications start information of the called party serving gateway function entity transmits to the serving gateway terminating party, the terminating party application function entity information about the terminating party serving gateway transmits to the originating call side serving gateway, the origination side serving gateway and the terminating call side service gateway establishes a pass-through tunnel.
3.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,执行所述传送操作。 The method according to 2 claim, wherein the origination party application function entity or the terminating party application function entity determines that the need is established through a tunnel, performing the transfer operation.
4.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,还向无线侧网元或服务网元发送路由优化指示,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元或者所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关在收到所述优化指示后建立所述直通隧道。 4. A method according to claim 3, wherein the origination party application function entity or terminated rear side of the application function entity determines the need for pass-through tunnel, further to the wireless-side network element or a serving network element route optimization indicates the origination side of the radio side network element and the terminating side radio side network element or the originating call side serving gateway and the terminating side service gateway established after receiving the optimized indicating that the straight-through tunnel.
5.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息; 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the application function entity via a policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity of the wireless-side network element transmitting peer wireless side network element information; the application function entity via a policy function entity, the access gateway transmits to the serving gateway information terminal serving gateway.
6.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 无线侧网元是基站、家用基站、家用基站网关、无线网络控制器、数据分流功能实体; 移动性管理实体是移动管理单元、移动交换中心、服务GPRS支持节点、家用基站网关; 服务网关是服务网关或服务GPRS支持节点; 接入网关是分组数据网络网关、接入网关、网关GPRS支持节点(GGSN); 策略功能实体是策略与计费规则功能; 应用功能实体是代理呼叫会话控制(P-CSCF)或应用功能(AF)。 The mobile switching mobility management entity is a mobility management unit; 6. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the radio side network element is a base station, a home base station, a home base station gateway, a radio network controller, a data bypass function entity center, serving GPRS support node, home base station gateway; serving gateway is a service gateway or a serving GPRS support node; an access gateway is a packet data network gateway, an access gateway, a gateway GPRS support node (the GGSN); policy functional entity is a policy and count fee rules function; application function entity is a proxy call session control (P-CSCF), or an application function (AF).
7.一种应用功能实体网元,其中, 所述应用功能实体网元包括直通隧道管理模块; 所述直通隧道管理模块,用于向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,或者向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 An application function entity NE, wherein the application function entity network element comprises pass-through tunnel management module; the through tunnel management module, for the wireless side network element transmitting the information of the wireless side of the network element, or information gateway gateway transfer service to peer service.
8.如权利要求7所述的应用功能实体网元,其特征在于, 所述直通隧道管理模块,具体用于经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息;经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 As claimed in claim Application Function network element of claim 7, wherein the through tunnel management module is configured via a policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity of the wireless side NE transmits end information to the wireless side network elements; information terminal serving gateway transmits to the service gateway via a policy function entity, the access gateway.
9.如权利要求7所述的应用功能实体网元,其特征在于, 所述直通隧道管理模块,还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息;还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方服务网元传送始呼方服务网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方服务网元传送终呼方服务网元的信息。 As claimed in claim Application Function network element of claim 7, wherein the through tunnel management module is also used in the application function entity NE as party application function entity originating call radio to the terminating party NE transmission side starts the called party information of the wireless side network element, or in the application function entity NE as the terminating party application function entity information recipient wireless side network element to the original call recipient wireless side network element transmits call termination; It is also used in the application function entity NE as party application function entity originating call to the terminating party serving network element transmits start information of the called party serving network element, or in the application function entity NE as the terminating party applications information party service element to the originating call party serving network element transmits terminated when the functional entity.
10.如权利要求7所述的应用功能实体网元,其特征在于, 所述应用功能实体网元还包括直通隧道建立判定模块; 所述直通隧道建立判定模块,用于判定需要建立直通隧道后通知所述直通隧道管理模块执行所述通知操作。 As claimed in claim Application Function network element of claim 7, wherein the functional entity network element further comprising a through the tunnel establishment determination module of the application; the through tunnel establishment determination means for determining the need for pass-through tunnel after notifying the pass-through tunnel management module performs the notification operation.
11.一种无线侧网元,其中, 所述无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端无线侧网元的信息; 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端无线侧网元的信息后,与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道。 11. A wireless-side network element, wherein, the wireless-side network element comprises a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module; the receiving module, for information of the wireless side network element receives the application function entity transmitted; the through tunnel establishing module, configured to, after the receiving module receives the information of the counterpart wireless side network element, the establishment of the through tunnel peer wireless side network element.
12.一种服务网关,其中, 所述无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端服务网关的信息; 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端服务网关的信息后,与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 A service gateway, wherein the wireless-side network element comprises a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module; the receiving module, information for the peer serving gateway receives the application function entity transmitted; the through tunnel establishing module configured to, after the receiving module receives the information terminal serving gateway and the peer service gateway established through a tunnel.
13.一种直通隧道建立系统,其中,包括所述权利要求7、8、9、10中的应用功能实体网元,还包括所述权利要求11中的无线侧网元和/或所述权利要求12中的服务网关。 A through-tunnel set-up system, comprising an application function entity network 7,8,9,10-membered claim, further comprising the wireless-side network elements 11 and / or claimed in claim requirements services gateway 12.
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