CN103582158A - Straight-through tunnel establishing method, network element, gateway and straight-through tunnel establishing system - Google Patents

Straight-through tunnel establishing method, network element, gateway and straight-through tunnel establishing system Download PDF

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CN103582158A
CN103582158A CN 201210250541 CN201210250541A CN103582158A CN 103582158 A CN103582158 A CN 103582158A CN 201210250541 CN201210250541 CN 201210250541 CN 201210250541 A CN201210250541 A CN 201210250541A CN 103582158 A CN103582158 A CN 103582158A
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network element
side
function entity
gateway
tunnel
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CN 201210250541
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Chinese (zh)
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周娜
霍玉臻
王静
李志军
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a straight-through tunnel establishing method, a network element, a gateway and a straight-through tunnel establishing system. The method comprises the following steps: an application function entity transmits information of an opposite-end wireless side network element to a wireless side network element, and a straight-through tunnel is established between the wireless side network element and the opposite-end wireless side network element; or the application function entity transmits information of an opposite-end service gateway to a service gateway, and a straight-through tunnel is established between the service gateway and the opposite-end service gateway. By the adoption of the straight-through tunnel establishing method provided by the scheme, the problem that communication between terminals is carried out through an access gateway so as to cause large time delay of user data transmission can be solved, time delay of user data transmission can be reduced, the transmission performance of the system can be improved, and the user experience can be improved.

Description

一种直通隧道建立方法及网元及网关及系统 A through-tunnel establishment method and system and network elements and gateways

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及移动通信领域,尤其涉及一种直通隧道建立方法及网元及网关及系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of mobile communications, particularly to a method and a tunnel is established through a network element and a system and a gateway.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 为了保持第三代移动通信系统在通信领域的竞争力,为用户提供速率更快、时延更低、以及更加个性化的移动通信服务,同时,降低运营商的运营成本,第三代合作伙伴计划(3rd Generation Partnership Project,简称为3GPP)标准工作组正致力于演进分组系统(Evolved Packet System,简称EPS)的研究。 [0002] In order to remain competitive in the third generation mobile communication system, the communication field, to provide users with faster rates, lower latency, more personalized and mobile communication services, while reducing the operator's operating costs, third Research Generation partnership Project (3rd Generation partnership Project, referred to as 3GPP) standards working group is working on an evolved packet system (evolved packet system, referred to as EPS) is. 整个EPS系统分为无线接入网和核心网两部分。 EPS entire system is divided into a radio access network and a core network in two parts. 在核心网中,包含了归属用户服务器(Home Subscriber Server,简称为HSS)、移动性管理实体(Mobility Management Entity,简称为MME)、服务GPRS支持节点(Serving GPRSSupportNode,简称为SGSN)、策略计费规则功能(Policy and Charging Rule Function,简称为PCRF)、服务网关(Serving Gateway,简称为S-GW)、分组数据网关(PDN Gateway,简称为P-GW,)和分组数据网络(Packet Data Network,简称TON)。 In the core network, including the home subscriber server (Home Subscriber Server, referred to as HSS), a mobility management entity (Mobility Management Entity, referred to as MME), Serving GPRS Support Node (Serving GPRSSupportNode, referred to as SGSN), the policy and charging rules function (Policy and Charging rule function, referred to as the PCRF), a serving gateway (serving gateway, abbreviated as S-GW), a packet data gateway (PDN gateway, abbreviated as P-GW,) and a packet data network (packet data network, referred TON). 下面详细描述各部分功能: The function of each is described in detail below:

[0003] 归属用户服务器,是用户签约数据的永久存放地点,位于用户签约的归属网。 [0003] Home Subscriber Server, a persistent user subscription data storage location, the user subscription is located in the home network.

[0004] 移动性管理实体,是用户签约数据在当前网络的存放地点,负责终端到网络的非接入层信令管理、终端的安全验证功能、终端的移动性管理、用户空闲模式下的跟踪和寻呼管理功能和承载管理。 [0004] mobility management entity, the user subscription data is currently stored in the location network, the terminal is responsible for non-access stratum signaling network management, tracking in the security authentication of the terminal, terminal mobility management, idle mode user bearer and paging management and administrative functions.

[0005] 服务GPRS支持节点,是全球移动通讯系统(Global Systemfor MobileCommunications,简称为GSM)增强数据率GSM 演进(Enhanced Data Rate for GSMEvolution,简称为EDGE)无线接入网(GSM EDGE Radio AccessNetwork,简称为GERAN)和通用移动通信系统(Universal Mobile Telecommunications System,简称为UMTS)陆地无线接入网(UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network,简称为UTRAN)用户接入核心网络的业务支持点,功能上与移动性管理实体类似,负责用户的位置更新、寻呼管理和承载管理等功能。 [0005] Serving GPRS Support Node, is a global system for mobile communications (Global Systemfor MobileCommunications, referred to as GSM) Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (Enhanced Data Rate for GSMEvolution, referred to as EDGE) radio access network (GSM EDGE Radio AccessNetwork, referred to as service support point GERAN) and UMTS (universal mobile Telecommunications system, referred to as UMTS) terrestrial radio access network (UMTS terrestrial radio access network, abbreviated to UTRAN) a user to access the core network, the mobility management entity function Similarly, responsible for the user's location update, paging management and bearer management functions.

[0006] 服务网关,是核心网到无线系统的网关,负责终端到核心网的用户面承载、终端空闲模式下的数据缓存、网络侧发起业务请求的功能、合法监听和分组数据路由和转发功能;服务网关负责统计用户终端使用无线网的情况,并产生终端使用无线网的话单,传送给计费网关。 [0006] The serving gateway, the gateway core network to the radio system, is responsible for the terminal user plane core network bearer data cache in the idle mode terminal, the network side initiates function service request, lawful interception and packet routing and forwarding ; user terminal services gateway is responsible for statistical use a wireless network, and produce end-use wireless networks bill, sent to the charging gateway.

[0007] 分组数据网关,是演进系统和该系统外部分组数据网络的网关,它连接到因特网和分组数据网络上,负责终端的互联网协议(Internet Protocol,简称为IP)地址分配、计费功能、分组包过滤、以及策略控制等功能。 [0007] The packet data gateway, the gateway is an evolved packet system and the external data network system, which is connected to the Internet and a packet data network, a terminal for Internet protocol (Internet Protocol, abbreviated as IP) address allocation, billing, packet filtering package, and policy control.

[0008] 分组数据网络,是运营商的IP业务网络,该网络通过运营商的核心网为用户提供IP服务。 [0008] packet data network, is the operator's IP services network that provides IP services to users through the operator's core network.

[0009] 策略计费规则功能实体,是演进系统中负责提供计费控制、在线信用控制、门限控制、以及服务质量(Quality ofService,简称为QoS)策略方面规则的服务器。 [0009] policy and charging rules function entity, is an evolution of the system is responsible for providing charging control, online credit control, threshold control, and quality of service (Quality ofService, referred to as QoS) policy aspects of the rules of the server. [0010] 无线接入网,是由演进基站(Evolved NodeB,简称为eNB)和3G无线网络控制器(Radio Network Controller,简称为RNC)组成,它主要负责无线信号的收发,通过空中接口和终端联系,管理空中接口的无线资源、资源调度、以及接入控制。 [0010] The radio access network is composed of an evolved base station (Evolved NodeB, referred to as eNB) and a 3G radio network controller (Radio Network Controller, referred to as the RNC), which is mainly responsible for transceiving radio signals, and the terminal over the air interface contact, air interface radio resources management, resource scheduling, and access control.

[0011] IP 多媒体子系统(IP Multimedia Core Network Subsystem,简称IMS)是新一代通讯网络的核心,它的显著特点是采用了会话发起协议(Session Initiation Protocol,简称SIP)体系,通讯与接入无关,可以具备多种媒体业务控制功能与承载能力分离,呼叫与会话分离,应用与服务分离,业务与网络分离,以及移动网与因特网业务融合等多种能力,IMS的提出顺应了通讯网融合发展的趋势。 [0011] IP multimedia subsystem (IP Multimedia Core Network Subsystem, referred to as IMS) is the core of next-generation communications network, its distinctive feature is the use of the Session Initiation Protocol (Session Initiation Protocol, referred to as SIP) systems, access-independent communications , can have a variety of control functions and media business carrying capacity of separation, separation and call a session, applications and services separating business and network separation, and the ability to move a variety of network and service convergence such as the Internet, IMS proposed development conforms to the communications network integration trend.

[0012] 在IMS体系结构中,呼叫会话控制功能(Call Session Control Function,简称CSCF )是控制会话过程的核心网元,包括:代理呼叫会话控制功能(Proxy-CSCF,简称P-CSCF)、查询呼叫会话控制功能(Interrogating-CSCF,简称1-CSCF) 103、服务呼叫会话控制功能(Serving-CSCF,简称S-CSCF)。 [0012] In the IMS architecture, the call session control function (Call Session Control Function, referred to as CSCF) controlling session core network element, comprising: a proxy call session control function (Proxy-CSCF, referred to as P-CSCF), the query call session control functions (Interrogating-CSCF, referred to as 1-CSCF) 103, a serving call session control function (serving-CSCF, referred to as S-CSCF).

[0013] 当用户进行业务访问(如IMS业务)时,终端会发起F1DN (Packet DataNetwork,分组数据网络)连接建立过程,MME/SGSN根据终端上报的用户所使用业务对应的APN选择服务网关和网关,建立从终端-无线基站-核心网网关(服务网关和接入网关)间的用户面通道。 [0013] When the user service access (e.g., IMS service), the terminal initiates F1DN (Packet DataNetwork, Packet Data Network) connection establishment procedure, MME / SGSN the traffic corresponding to the APN selected serving gateway and the gateway using the user terminal reported by established from the terminal - the user plane channel between a core network gateway (serving gateway and the access gateway) - the radio base station. 图1所示为现有技术中用户终端接收/发送数据的用户面路径。 Figure 1 shows a terminal receiving / sending user plane data path prior art user.

[0014] 从图1中可以看出,用户终端的所有数据都需要经过接入网关,这种数据传输方式下数据在接入网关进行处理,增加了接入网关和传输网络的负荷,所有数据包必须经过接入网关这一点,又造成了接入网关这点的瓶颈问题突出。 [0014] As can be seen from Figure 1, all data have to go through the user terminal access gateway, which transmission data is processed data in an access gateway, the access gateway and increases the load on the transmission network, all the data package must access gateway that has also caused bottlenecks in the access gateway of this issue outstanding. 此外,即便相互通信的两个用户物理位置非常靠近,他们之间的数据通信也需要经过接入网关,增加了用户数据传输的时延,降低用户的使用体验。 In addition, the physical location of the two users communicate with each other even very close to, the data communication between an access gateway and they need to go through, increasing the transmission delay of user data, user experience reduced.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0015] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种直通隧道建立方法及网元及网关及系统,解决终端与终端通信时经过接入网关导致的用户数据传输的时延较大的问题。 [0015] The present invention is to solve the technical problem is a big problem of transmission delay of user data through the access gateway caused providing a through tunnel establishment method and system and network element and the gateway, the terminal communicates with a terminal solution.

[0016] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种直通隧道建立方法,其中,应用功能实体向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,所述无线侧网元与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道;或者,应用功能实体向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息,所述服务网关与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0016] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a method for establishing a through-tunnel, wherein the information on the wireless side end application function entity of the network element transmitting to the wireless side of the network element, the network element and the radio side of wireless network element to establish an end-side through a tunnel; or gateway information to client service application function entity transmits to the serving gateway, establishing the serving gateway and the serving gateway through the peer tunnel.

[0017] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点: [0017] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics:

[0018] 所述方法具体包括:始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元建立直通隧道;或者,始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方服务网关传送始呼方服务网关的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方服务网关传送终呼方服务网关的信息,所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0018] The method comprises: the called party always call the application function entity to the information recipient wireless transmit side network element originating call recipient wireless side network element, the terminating party application function entity to the called party start transmitting network element terminating the radio side called party information of the wireless side of the network element, the origination side of the wireless-side network element terminating the radio side network element called party through a tunnel established; or origination party application function entity to the serving gateway terminating party transmits origination side information service gateway, terminating party application function entity terminating party information is transmitted to the serving gateway origination side serving gateway, the service origination party gateway and the terminating party serving gateway establishes a tunnel through.

[0019] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点: [0019] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics:

[0020] 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,执行所述传送操作。 [0020] The recipient application function entity originating call or terminating the application function entity determines that the called party is established through a tunnel needed, to perform the transfer operation.

[0021] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点:[0022] 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,还向无线侧网元或服务网元发送路由优化指示,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元或者所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关在收到所述优化指示后建立所述直通隧道。 [0021] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics: [0022] The originating call recipient application function entity or party after the call termination function entity determines that the application needs to establish a tunnel through, further to the radio network side of the network element or service element indicating transmission route optimization, the origination side of the wireless-side network element terminating the radio side network element called party or the originating call side serving gateway and the terminating side service gateway after receiving the establish indication optimization the pass-through tunnel.

[0023] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点: [0023] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics:

[0024] 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息; [0024] the application function entity via a policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity transmits to the wireless side network element to network element information of the radio terminal side;

[0025] 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 The [0025] application function entity via a policy function entity, the access gateway to the serving gateway, the gateway-side service information.

[0026] 进一步地,上述方法还可以具有以下特点: [0026] Furthermore, the above method may also have the following characteristics:

[0027] 无线侧网元是基站、家用基站、家用基站网关、无线网络控制器、数据分流功能实体; [0027] Wireless network element is a base station side, the home base station HNB GW, the radio network controller, a data bypass function entity;

[0028] 移动性管理实体是移动管理单元、移动交换中心、服务GPRS支持节点、家用基站网关; [0028] mobility management entity is a mobility management unit, a mobile switching center serving GPRS support node, the home base station gateway;

[0029] 服务网关是服务网关或服务GPRS支持节点; [0029] Services Gateway is a service gateway or serving GPRS support node;

[0030] 接入网关是分组数据网络网关、接入网关、网关GPRS支持节点(GGSN); [0030] The access gateway is a packet data network gateway, an access gateway, a Gateway GPRS support node (the GGSN);

[0031] 策略功能实体是策略与计费规则功能; [0031] policy function entity is a policy and charging rules function;

[0032] 应用功能实体是代理呼叫会话控制(P-CSCF)或应用功能(AF)。 [0032] The application function entity is a proxy call session control (P-CSCF), or an application function (AF).

[0033] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供了一种应用功能实体网元,其中,所述应用功能实体网元包括直通隧道管理模块;所述直通隧道管理模块,用于向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,或者向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 [0033] To solve the above problems, the present invention also provides an application function entity NE, wherein the application function entity comprises a network element through a tunnel management module; through the tunnel management module, for the wireless side network transmitting meta information of the wireless side network element transmits to the serving gateway peer or peer information serving gateway.

[0034] 进一步地,上述应用功能实体网元还可以具有以下特点: [0034] Further, the network application function entity element may also have the following characteristics:

[0035] 所述直通隧道管理模块,具体用于经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息;经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 [0035] The pass-through tunnel management module is configured via a policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity transmitting element to the radio network side of the wireless-side information of the network element; policy function entity via , information of an access gateway service gateway terminal transmits to the service gateway.

[0036] 进一步地,上述应用功能实体网元还可以具有以下特点: [0036] Further, the network application function entity element may also have the following characteristics:

[0037] 所述直通隧道管理模块,还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息;还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方服务网元传送始呼方服务网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方服务网元传送终呼方服务网元的信息。 [0037] The pass-through tunnel management module is further used for the application function entity at the network element as the application function entity party originating call terminating side network element to the recipient wireless calling party information transmission start radio side network element, or the application function entity NE as the terminating party application function entity information element transmission side terminating network element to the radio side original call recipient wireless network side; further application function entity for the network element as the origination side applications when functional entity to the called party serving network element terminating transmitting side service origination network element information, the application function entity or a network element terminating party when the called party serving network application function entity to the origination side of the call termination service transport network element information element.

[0038] 进一步地,上述应用功能实体网元还可以具有以下特点: [0038] Further, the network application function entity element may also have the following characteristics:

[0039] 所述应用功能实体网元还包括直通隧道建立判定模块; [0039] the application function entity through the network element further comprises establishing a tunnel determination module;

[0040] 所述直通隧道建立判定模块,用于判定需要建立直通隧道后通知所述直通隧道管理模块执行所述通知操作。 [0040] The tunnel established through determining module, for determining the need for notification through the tunnel management module executes the operation after the notification through the tunnel.

[0041] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供了一种无线侧网元,其中,所述无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; [0041] To solve the above problems, the present invention also provides a radio network element side, wherein the wireless-side network element comprises a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module;

[0042] 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端无线侧网元的信息;[0043] 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端无线侧网元的信息后,与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道。 [0042] The receiving module, information for the peer network element of the radio receiving side application function entity transmitted; [0043] The pass-through tunnel establishing module, the receiving module for receiving the wireless side of the end after the network element information, and establishing the tunnel through the peer radio side network element.

[0044] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供了一种服务网关,其中,所述无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块;所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端服务网关的信息;所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端服务网关的信息后,与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0044] To solve the above problems, the present invention further provides a service gateway, wherein the wireless-side network element comprises a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module; the receiving module, for receiving the application function entity sending information terminal serving gateway; through the tunnel establishing module, configured to, after the receiving module receives the information terminal serving gateway, and establishing the tunnel through the end of the service gateway.

[0045] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明还提供了一种直通隧道建立系统,其中,包括上述应用功能实体网元,还包括上述无线侧网元和/或上述服务网关。 [0045] To solve the above problems, the present invention further provides a tunnel established through the system, wherein said application function entity comprises a network element, further comprising the wireless-side network element and / or said serving gateway.

[0046] 本方案中提供的直通隧道建立方法,可解决终端与终端通信时经过接入网关导致的用户数据传输的时延较大的问题,降低用户数据传输的时延,提高系统传输性能,提高用户的使用体验。 [0046] The present embodiment provides a method for establishing a through-tunnel, a big problem due to the delay through the access gateway communicates with the terminal when the terminal resolves user data transmission, reducing the transmission delay of the user data, improve the transmission performance of the system, improve the user experience.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0047] 图1是根据相关技术的无线通信网络的数据路径示意图; [0047] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the data path of the wireless communication network to the related art;

[0048] 图2是实施例中直通隧道建立方法的流程图; [0048] FIG. 2 is a flowchart illustrating a method for establishing a tunnel through the embodiment;

[0049] 图3是实施例中根据相关技术的EPS系统架构直通数据流的示意图; [0049] FIG. 3 is a diagram of a data flow through the embodiment according to the related art architecture of an EPS system;

[0050] 图4是具体实施例中用户进行呼叫建立过程流程图一; [0050] FIG. 4 is a specific embodiment the user a call setup process flowchart;

[0051] 图5是具体实施例中用户进行呼叫建立过程流程图二; [0051] FIG. 5 is a user specific embodiment a process flow for call setup II;

[0052] 图6是具体实施例中在无线侧网元之间建立直通隧道的流程图; [0052] FIG. 6 is a flowchart of the establishment through a tunnel between the wireless embodiment DETAILED DESCRIPTION side network element;

[0053] 图7是具体实施例中在无线侧网元之间释放直通隧道的流程图。 [0053] FIG. 7 is a flowchart released through a tunnel between the wireless side network element specific embodiments.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0054] 本方案中提供直通隧道建立的一种方法,可实现就近用户间互通时的数据路径优化,如图2所示,可以建立两终端的无线侧网元之间的直通隧道,或者建立两终端的服务网关之间的直通隧道,不仅可减少运营商网络资源处理负担,而且可以有效地增强用户的使用体验。 [0054] The present embodiment provides a method for establishing a tunnel through, it can realize the data path between the nearest exchange to optimize the user, as shown, through a tunnel may be established between two wireless terminal side network element 2, or to establish straight-through tunnel between two terminal services gateway, not only can reduce the processing load on the operator's network resources, and can effectively enhance the user experience.

[0055] 如图3所示,直通隧道建立方法包括:应用功能实体向无线侧网元传送对端无线侦_元的信息,所述无线侧网元与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道;或者,应用功能实体向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息,所述服务网关与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0055] As shown in FIG, 3 through tunnel establishment method comprising: an application function entity _ membered investigation information to the radio network element of the wireless transmitting side, the wireless-side network element and the network element to establish a wireless side end through tunnel; information terminal or a serving gateway, the application function entity transmits to the serving gateway, establishing the serving gateway and the serving gateway through the peer tunnel.

[0056] 本方法具体包括:始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元建立直通隧道;或者,始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方服务网关传送始呼方服务网关的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方服务网关传送终呼方服务网关的信息,所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0056] The present method comprises: always call information recipient wireless side network element transmits an origination recipient wireless side network element called party application function entity to, the recipient application function entity terminating the origination side of the wireless-side network element transmits call termination information recipient wireless side network element, the origination side of the wireless-side network element terminating the radio side network element called party through a tunnel established; or origination party application function entity to the serving gateway transmitting side terminating side service origination gateway information, terminating party application function entity terminating party information is transmitted to the serving gateway origination side serving gateway, the service origination party gateway and the terminating party serving gateway establishes a tunnel through.

[0057] 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息;经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 [0057] the application function entity via the cell transmission policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity to the radio network side of the wireless-side information of the network element; policy function entity via an access gateway to the serving gateway transmits information terminal serving gateway.

[0058] 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体还可以执行是否需要建立直通隧道的判定,判定需要建立直通隧道后,执行所述传送操作。 [0058] The originating call recipient application function entity or the terminating party application function entity may also be performed to establish whether the determination through a tunnel, the tunnel is determined through the need for performing the transfer operation. 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,还向无线侧网元或服务网元发送路由优化指示,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元或者所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关在收到所述优化指示后建立所述直通隧道。 The application function entity origination party or parties in the call termination after the application function entity determines the need to establish a tunnel through further optimization indicating that the wireless side network element or network element routing service to the origination side of the wireless-side network element and said terminating side or the wireless side network element originating call side serving gateway and the terminating gateway serving the called party through the tunnel established after receiving the indication optimization.

[0059] 无线侧网元是基站、家用基站、家用基站网关、无线网络控制器、数据分流功能实体; [0059] Wireless network element is a base station side, the home base station HNB GW, the radio network controller, a data bypass function entity;

[0060] 移动性管理实体是移动管理单元、移动交换中心、服务GPRS支持节点、家用基站网关; [0060] mobility management entity is a mobility management unit, a mobile switching center serving GPRS support node, the home base station gateway;

[0061] 服务网关是服务网关或服务GPRS支持节点; [0061] Services Gateway is a service gateway or serving GPRS support node;

[0062] 接入网关是分组数据网络网关、接入网关、网关GPRS支持节点(GGSN); [0062] The access gateway is a packet data network gateway, an access gateway, a Gateway GPRS support node (the GGSN);

[0063] 策略功能实体是策略与计费规则功能; [0063] policy function entity is a policy and charging rules function;

[0064] 应用功能实体是代理呼叫会话控制(P-CSCF)或应用功能(AF)。 [0064] The application function entity is a proxy call session control (P-CSCF), or an application function (AF).

[0065] 下面将结合实例对本发明实施例的实现过程进行详细描述。 [0065] The following examples in conjunction with the implementation process of embodiments of the present invention is described in detail.

[0066] 以下具体实施例图描述了基于演进的通用移动通信系统陆地无线接入网(Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network,简称E-UTRAN)系统的应用场旦 [0066] The following describes the specific embodiments of FIG evolved universal mobile telecommunication system terrestrial radio access network based (Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, referred to as E-UTRAN) system application field denier

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[0067] 图4是本发明在图1系统的基础上,用户进行呼叫建立过程流程图。 [0067] FIG. 4 is a system of the present invention, in FIG 1, the user places a call to establish a process flow diagram. 此时,呼叫发起方的应用功能实体进行路由优化判断。 At this time, the call originator application function entity determines route optimization. 本具体实施例包括步骤401至424。 The present embodiment comprises steps 401-424.

[0068] 步骤401,终端I (即呼叫发起方)经应用功能实体1、S-CSCFl、1-CSCF, S-CSCF2和应用功能实体2向终端2 (即终呼方)发送邀请(Invite)消息。 [0068] Step 401, the terminal I (i.e., the call originator) by application function entity 1, S-CSCFl, 1-CSCF, S-CSCF2, and the application function entity 2 (i.e., terminating party) transmits invitation terminal 2 to (the Invite) news.

[0069] 步骤402,终端2向应用功能实体2发送183消息。 [0069] Step 402, the terminal 2 sends the 183 message to the application function entity 2.

[0070] 步骤403,应用功能实体2向策略功能实体2请求资源授权。 [0070] In step 403, the application function entity authorized to request resources policy 2 functional entity 2.

[0071] 步骤404,策略功能实体2回应资源授权响应。 [0071] Step 404, the policy function entity 2 Responses to resource authorization response.

[0072] 步骤405,应用功能实体2经S-CSCF2、1-CSCF, S-CSCFl向应用功能实体I发送183消息,可选携带标签。 [0072] Step 405, the application function entity 2 via the S-CSCF2,1-CSCF, S-CSCFl I send a message to the application function entity 183, an optional carrying label.

[0073] 步骤406,应用功能实体I向策略功能实体I请求资源授权。 [0073] In step 406, the application function entity to a policy I requested resource authorization functional entity I.

[0074] 步骤407,策略功能实体I回应资源授权响应。 [0074] In step 407, the policy function entity I responded resource authorization response.

[0075] 步骤408,应用功能实体I执行终端I和终端2是否可以进行路由优化的判断,并判定终端I和终端2可以进行路由优化。 [0075] Step 408, the application function entity and the terminal I I executing terminal 2 whether route optimization determination, and determines the terminal I and terminal 2 may route optimization.

[0076] 步骤409,应用功能实体I向终端I传送183消息。 [0076] Step 409, the application function entity 183 transmits a message to the terminal I I.

[0077] 步骤410,进行其他的SIP信令交互(如PRACK,UPDATE等)操作。 [0077] Step 410 performs other SIP signaling interaction (e.g. PRACK, UPDATE, etc.) operation.

[0078] 如果需要进行路由优化,则在步骤410中,应用功能实体I可以通过该过程中的任何一条现有消息携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、标签(该信息可选)给应用功能实体2。 [0078] If route optimization is required, then in step 410, the application function entity I can be carried by any of the routes in a conventional process optimization indication message, the wireless-side network element information I, the tag (the information is optional) to application functional entity 2.

[0079] 步骤411,终端2向应用功能实体2响应2000K消息。 [0079] Step 411, the terminal 2 2000K message in response to the application function entity 2.

[0080] 步骤412,应用功能实体2向策略功能实体2发送资源批准请求,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、可选携带标签。 [0080] Step 412, the application function entity to a policy function entity approved 2 2 send a resource request carrying the route optimization indicates that a wireless network element side information I, optionally carrying label.

[0081] 步骤413,策略功能实体2向接入网关2发送策略和计费规则提供,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、可选携带标签。 [0081] Step 413, policy 2 functional entity providing access gateway 2 sends the policy and charging rules, carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless network element side information I, optionally carrying label.

[0082] 步骤414,执行资源修改过程,详见下面图6的执行过程。 [0082] Step 414, performing resource modification procedure, see the following procedure performed in FIG. 6. [0083] 步骤415,接入网关2向策略功能实体2回复策略和计费规则提供证实消息。 [0083] Step 415, the access gateway 2 provide confirmation message 2 reply function entity to a policy and charging rules policy.

[0084] 步骤416,策略功能实体2向应用功能实体2回复资源批准响应消息。 [0084] Step 416, the policy function entity to the application function entity 2 2 replies resources approved by the response message.

[0085] 步骤417,应用功能实体2经S-CSCF2、1-CSCF, S-CSCFl向应用功能实体I发送2000K消息,携带无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0085] Step 417, the application function entity 2 via the S-CSCF2,1-CSCF, S-CSCFl I 2000K application function entity sends a message carrying the information of the wireless side network element 2, an optional carrying label.

[0086] 步骤418,应用功能实体I向策略功能实体I发送资源批准请求,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0086] Step 418, the application function entity sends a policy function I I approve the resource request entity carries route optimization indicates that a wireless network element 2 side information, optionally carrying label.

[0087] 步骤419,策略功能实体I向接入网关I发送策略和计费规则提供,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0087] Step 419, the transmission policy function entity I I provide policy and charging rules to the access gateway, carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless network element 2 side information, optionally carrying label.

[0088] 步骤420,执行资源修改过程,详见下面图6的执行过程。 [0088] Step 420, performing resource modification procedure, see the following procedure performed in FIG. 6.

[0089] 步骤421,接入网关I向策略功能实体I回复策略和计费规则提供证实消息。 [0089] Step 421, the access gateway I I reply policy and charging rules function entity to the policy provides confirmation message.

[0090] 步骤422,策略功能实体I向应用功能实体I回复资源批准响应消息。 [0090] Step 422, the policy function entity I reply to the application function entity I resources approved by the response message.

[0091] 步骤423,应用功能实体I向终端I回复2000K消息。 [0091] Step 423, the application function entity I reply message to the terminal I 2000K.

[0092] 步骤424,继续后续流程。 [0092] Step 424 to continue the subsequent process.

[0093] 图5是本发明在图1系统的基础上,用户进行呼叫建立过程流程图。 [0093] FIG. 5 is a system of the present invention, in FIG 1, the user places a call to establish a process flow diagram. 此时,终呼方的应用功能实体进行路由优化判断。 In this case, the terminating party application function entity determines route optimization. 本实施例包括步骤501至524。 Embodiment of the present embodiment comprises the steps 501-524.

[0094] 步骤501,终端I (即呼叫发起方)经应用功能实体1、S-CSCFl、1-CSCF, S-CSCF2和应用功能实体2向终端2 (即终呼方)发送邀请(Invite)消息。 [0094] Step 501, the terminal I (i.e., the call originator) by application function entity 1, S-CSCFl, 1-CSCF, S-CSCF2, and the application function entity 2 (i.e., terminating party) transmits invitation terminal 2 to (the Invite) news.

[0095] 步骤502,终端2向应用功能实体2发送183消息。 [0095] Step 502, the terminal 2 sends the 183 message to the application function entity 2.

[0096] 步骤503,应用功能实体2向策略功能实体2请求资源授权。 [0096] In step 503, the application function entity authorized to request resources policy 2 functional entity 2.

[0097] 步骤504,策略功能实体2回应资源授权响应。 [0097] Step 504, the policy response function entity 2 resource authorization response.

[0098] 步骤505,应用功能实体2经S-CSCF2、1-CSCF, S-CSCFl向应用功能实体I发送183消息。 [0098] Step 505, the application function entity 2 via the S-CSCF2,1-CSCF, S-CSCFl I 183 transmits a message to the application function entity.

[0099] 步骤506,应用功能实体I向策略功能实体I请求资源授权。 [0099] Step 506, the application function entity to a policy I requested resource authorization functional entity I.

[0100] 步骤507,策略功能实体I回应资源授权响应。 [0100] In step 507, the policy function entity I responded resource authorization response.

[0101] 步骤508,应用功能实体I向终端I传送183消息。 [0101] Step 508, the application function entity 183 transmits a message to the terminal I I.

[0102] 步骤509,进行其他的SIP信令交互(如PRACK,UPDATE等)操作。 [0102] Step 509 performs other SIP signaling interaction (e.g. PRACK, UPDATE, etc.) operation.

[0103] 可选地,应用功能实体I可以通过该过程中的任何一条现有消息携带标签给应用功能实体2。 [0103] Alternatively, I can carry application function entity to the application function entity tag 2 by any of the conventional processes a message.

[0104] 步骤510,应用功能实体2判断终端I和终端2是否可以进行路由优化。 [0104] Step 510, the application function entity determines whether the terminal I 2 and the terminal 2 whether route optimization.

[0105] 步骤511,终端2向应用功能实体2响应2000K消息。 [0105] Step 511, the terminal 2 2000K message in response to the application function entity 2.

[0106] 步骤512,应用功能实体2向策略功能实体2发送资源批准请求,如果需要进行路由优化,则该消息中携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、可选携带标签。 [0106] Step 512, the application function entity to a policy function entity approved 2 2 send a resource request, if route optimization is required, then the route optimization message carries an indication, radio side network element information I, an optional carrying label.

[0107] 步骤513,策略功能实体2向接入网关2发送策略和计费规则提供,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元I信息、可选携带标签。 [0107] Step 513, policy 2 functional entity providing access gateway 2 sends the policy and charging rules, carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless network element side information I, optionally carrying label.

[0108] 步骤514,执行资源修改过程,详见下面图6的执行过程。 [0108] Step 514, performing resource modification procedure, see the following procedure performed in FIG. 6.

[0109] 步骤515,接入网关2向策略功能实体2回复策略和计费规则提供证实消息。 [0109] Step 515, the access gateway 2 provide confirmation message 2 reply function entity to a policy and charging rules policy.

[0110] 步骤516,策略功能实体2向应用功能实体2回复资源批准响应消息。 [0110] Step 516, the policy function entity to the application function entity 2 2 replies resources approved by the response message.

[0111] 步骤517,应用功能实体2经S-CSCF2、1-CSCF, S-CSCFl向应用功能实体I发送2000K消息,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0111] Step 517, the application function entity 2 via the S-CSCF2,1-CSCF, S-CSCFl I application function entity sends a 2000K message carrying the route optimization indicates that a wireless network element 2 side information, optionally carrying label. [0112] 步骤518,应用功能实体I向策略功能实体I发送资源批准请求,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0112] Step 518, the application function entity sends a policy function I I approve the resource request entity carries route optimization indicates that a wireless network element 2 side information, optionally carrying label.

[0113] 步骤519,策略功能实体I向接入网关I发送策略和计费规则提供,携带路由优化指示、无线侧网元2信息、可选携带标签。 [0113] Step 519, the transmission policy function entity I I provide policy and charging rules to the access gateway, carrying route optimization indicates that a wireless network element 2 side information, optionally carrying label.

[0114] 步骤520,执行资源修改过程,详见下面图6的执行过程。 [0114] Step 520, performing resource modification procedure, see the following procedure performed in FIG. 6.

[0115] 步骤521,接入网关I向策略功能实体I回复策略和计费规则提供证实消息。 [0115] Step 521, the access gateway I I reply policy and charging rules function entity to the policy provides confirmation message.

[0116] 步骤522,策略功能实体I向应用功能实体I回复资源批准响应消息。 [0116] Step 522, the policy function entity I reply to the application function entity I resources approved by the response message.

[0117] 步骤523,应用功能实体I向终端I回复2000K消息。 [0117] Step 523, the application function entity I reply message to the terminal I 2000K.

[0118] 步骤524,继续后续流程。 [0118] Step 524 to continue the subsequent process.

[0119] 以上图4和图5中携带的标签可以由应用功能实体I或应用功能实体2进行分配,用于唯一性标识承载,以便在直通隧道建立时在直通隧道建立请求或响应消息中携带,进行匹配承载。 [0119] FIGS. 4 and 5 above carried tag may be assigned by the application function entity application function entity I or 2, for the unique identification of the bearer, so that when it is established through a tunnel through tunnel establishment request or response message carries , matching the carrier. 另外,路由优化指示表示需要建立直通隧道,即建立直通隧道指示。 In addition, route optimization indication indicates the need for straight-through tunnel, that tunnel straight through the establishment of instructions.

[0120] 图6是在图1系统的基础上,在无线侧网元之间建立直通隧道的流程图。 [0120] FIG. 6 is based on the system of Figure 1, through a tunnel established between the flowchart radio side network element. 本流程包括步骤601至606。 This process includes the steps 601-606.

[0121] 步骤601,接入网关I接收到建立直通隧道指示。 [0121] Step 601, the access gateway through a tunnel established I received indication.

[0122] 步骤602,接入网关I向服务网关I发送建立或更新承载请求,携带无线侧网元2信息,可选带标签。 [0122] Step 602, the access gateway to the serving gateway transmits I I create or update bearer request carries information of the wireless side network element 2, optionally with a label.

[0123] 步骤603,服务网关I向移动性管理实体I发送建立或更新承载请求,携带无线侧网元2信息,可选带标签。 [0123] Step 603, the serving gateway sends an establishment I I or update bearer request carries information of the wireless side network element 2, optionally with a label to the mobility management entity.

[0124] 步骤604,移动性管理实体I向无线侧网元I发送建立或修改承载请求,携带无线侧网元2信息,可选带标签。 [0124] Step 604, the mobility management entity element I I to the wireless network side bearer establishment or modification request carrying the information of the wireless side network element 2, optionally with a label.

[0125] 步骤601'至步骤604',类似无线侧网元I,终呼端网络网元也执行了类似步骤601至步骤604的过程,因此,无线侧网元2也获取了无线侧网元I信息,可选地获得了标签。 [0125] Step 601 'to step 604', similar to the radio side network element I, the terminating end network element also performs the process similar to steps 601 to step 604, so that the radio side network element 2 also acquires the wireless side network element I information, optionally obtain the label.

[0126] 步骤605,可选地,无线侧网元I向无线侧网元2发送直通隧道建立请求消息,可选携带标签或隧道标识。 [0126] Step 605, alternatively, the wireless-side network element I element 2 through the transmission to the radio network side tunnel establishment request message, or alternatively to carry tunnel identification tag. 无线侧网元2回复响应消息。 Wireless network element 2 side reply message in response.

[0127] 步骤606,继续执行后续流程。 [0127] Step 606, the subsequent process continues.

[0128] 上述流程中,直通隧道可以基于承载进行分流,也可以基于应用或IP流进行分流。 [0128] In the above-described process, through the tunnel may be based on carrier shunt, the shunt may be performed based application or IP flows. 无线侧网元间建立的隧道可以是基于承载、或基于终端级别,如IMSI,或者基于设备或者基于IP地址级别的隧道(可以采用标签来作为隧道标识标记隧道,也可以由无线侧网元新分配隧道标识来标记隧道,用于承载管理)。 Between membered established wireless side network tunnel it may be based on the bearer or on the terminal level, such as IMSI, or may be a radio side network element newly-based device, or based on the IP address of the level of the tunnel (can use the tag as a tunnel identification mark tunnel, also tunnel identifier assigned to mark the tunnel for carrying management).

[0129] 图7是在图1系统的基础上,在无线侧网元之间释放直通隧道的流程图。 [0129] FIG 7 is based on the system of Figure 1, between the radio side network element to release the tunnel through a flowchart. 本流程包括步骤701至706。 This process includes the steps 701-706.

[0130] 步骤701,接入网关I向服务网关I发送更新承载请求消息,携带TFTl信息。 [0130] Step 701, the access gateway to the serving gateway transmits I I update bearer request message carries information TFTl.

[0131] 步骤702,服务网关I向移动性管理实体I发送更新承载请求消息,携带TFTl信 [0131] Step 702, the serving gateway I I sends an update bearer request to the mobility management entity message carrying channel TFTl

肩、O Shoulder, O

[0132] 步骤703,移动性管理实体I向无线侧网元I发送修改承载请求消息,携带TFT1。 [0132] Step 703, the mobility management entity I I element to the radio network side sends a modify bearer request message carrying the TFT1.

[0133] 步骤704,无线侧网元I检查该TFT1,判断是否需要删除直通隧道。 [0133] Step 704, the radio network side checks the I element TFT1, judge whether to remove through the tunnel. 如果需要删除直通隧道,则无线侧网元I释放直通隧道相关信息。 If you need to remove the pass-through tunnel, the wireless side network element I straight-through tunnel release relevant information.

[0134] 步骤701'至704',类似无线侧网元1,终呼端网络网元也执行了类似步骤701至步骤704的过程,因此,无线侧网元2也获取了TFT2信息,继而在判断需要删除直通隧道的情况下,释放直通隧道相关信息。 [0134] Step 701 'to 704', similar to the radio side network element 1, the terminating end network element also performs the process similar to steps 701 to step 704, so that the radio side network element 2 also acquired TFT2 information, and then in When it is determined to be deleted straight through the tunnel, the tunnel straight through the release of relevant information.

[0135] 步骤705,可选地,无线侧网元I向无线侧网元2发送直通隧道释放消息,可选带标签或隧道标识。 [0135] Step 705, alternatively, the wireless-side network element I to the wireless network side tunnel element 2 through the release message, or alternatively with a tunnel identification tag.

[0136] 步骤706,继续执行后续流程。 [0136] Step 706, the subsequent process continues.

[0137] 以上实施例以无线侧网元之间建立隧道的场景为例进行描述,在服务网关之间建立隧道的情况下,描述如下: [0137] In the case of the above embodiments scene tunnel is established between the wireless side network element is described as an example, establishing a tunnel between the serving gateway, is described as follows:

[0138] 图4和图5中,应用功能实体I和应用功能实体2分别获取的不是无线侧网元信息,而是服务网关2和服务网关I的信息,因此图4、图5和图6的消息中需要将携带的无线侧网元信息替换为携带服务网关信息。 [0138] Figures 4 and 5, respectively, 2 are not acquired wireless side network element and the information of the application function entity I application function entity, but the serving gateway and a serving gateway 2 I information, and therefore FIG. 4, 5 and 6 message needs to be carried in the radio network side to carry meta-information replacement information service gateway.

[0139] 图6中服务网关I在602之后,可以进行直通隧道建立操作,此时603和604不需要携带额外信息,且不执行605。 [0139] I FIG. 6 after the serving gateway 602, the tunnel may be established through operation, 603 and 604 at this time does not need to carry additional information, 605 is not performed. 终呼端网元类似上述处理。 Terminating end network element similar to the above process.

[0140] 图7中服务网关I在701之后,检查需要删除直通隧道后,进行直通隧道信息删除,可选向服务网关2发起直通隧道释放操作。 After the [0140] FIG. 7 after 701 service gateway I checked need to remove the pass-through tunnel straight through the tunnel information deleted, optional service gateway initiates a 2-through tunnel release operations. 此时不需要执行704和705。 704 and 705 need not be performed at this time. 终呼端网元类似上述处理。 Terminating end network element similar to the above process.

[0141] 以上所有实施例中,任何无线侧网元之间或者服务网关之间的消息(如步骤605)都可以通过移动性管理实体进行传递,例如,任选两个移动性管理实体进行消息的传送。 [0141] In all the above embodiments, any message (step 605) between the between the wireless side network element or a serving gateway may be transmitted through a mobility management entity, e.g., optionally two mobility management entity message delivery.

[0142] 为了简化描述,以上实施例仅以图1的情况为例来说明本地IP访问连接的管理方式。 [0142] To simplify the description, only the case of FIG. 1 embodiment will be explained as an example of local IP access connection management method of the above embodiment. 在其他情况下(例如,UTRAN系统、存在家用基站网关的情况下),仍然需要进行直通隧道的建立操作。 (Eg, UTRAN system, the presence of the HNB GW), still need to establish a tunnel through the operation in other cases. 在这些情况下,对直通隧道的建立方式与上述实施例极为相似,不会对阐述本发明造成影响,故在此不再重复描述。 Under these circumstances, the establishment of the way through the tunnel is very similar to the embodiment described above, it does not affect the present invention described, therefore will not be repeated.

[0143] 无线侧网元可以是基站、家用基站、家用基站网关、RNC (无线网络控制器,RadioNetwork Controller)、数据分流功能实体。 [0143] Wireless network element side may be a base station, a home base station, a home base station gateway, the RNC (radio network controller, RadioNetwork Controller), shunt data function entity. 移动性管理实体可以为MME (移动管理单元,Mobility Management Entity)、MSC (移动交换中心,Mobile Switching Centre)、SGSN (月艮务GPRS支持节点,Serving GPRS Support Node)、家用基站网关。 The mobility management entity may be an MME (Mobility Management unit, Mobility Management Entity), MSC (Mobile Switching Center, Mobile Switching Centre), SGSN (Service GPRS Support Node Burgundy month, Serving GPRS Support Node), home base station gateway. 服务网关可以是S-GW或SGSN0接入网关可以是P-GW、AGW或GGSN。 The serving gateway may be a S-GW or the access gateway may be SGSN0 P-GW, AGW or GGSN.

[0144] 策略功能实体可以是PCRF,应用功能实体可以是P-CSCF或AF。 [0144] policy may be a functional entity PCRF, the application function entity may be a P-CSCF or AF.

[0145] 对应于上述方法,本系统中的应用功能实体网元包括直通隧道管理模块。 [0145] correspond to the above method, an application function entity of the network element according to the present system includes a pass-through tunnel management module.

[0146] 所述直通隧道管理模块,用于向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,或者向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息;具体经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息;经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 [0146] The pass-through tunnel management module, for the service or the information terminal information of the wireless gateway side network element is transmitted to the gateway transfer service to the wireless side network element; specific policy function entity via an access gateway, service gateway, a mobility management entity transmitting element to the radio network side of the wireless side end of the information of the network element; policy function entity via the access gateway transmitting information to the serving gateway serving peer gateway.

[0147] 所述直通隧道管理模块,还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息;还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方服务网元传送始呼方服务网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方服务网元传送终呼方服务网元的信息。 [0147] The pass-through tunnel management module is further used for the application function entity at the network element as the application function entity party originating call terminating side network element to the recipient wireless calling party information transmission start radio side network element, or the application function entity NE as the terminating party application function entity information element transmission side terminating network element to the radio side original call recipient wireless network side; further application function entity for the network element as the origination side applications when functional entity to the called party serving network element terminating transmitting side service origination network element information, the application function entity or a network element terminating party when the called party serving network application function entity to the origination side of the call termination service transport network element information element.

[0148] 所述应用功能实体网元还包括直通隧道建立判定模块;[0149] 所述直通隧道建立判定模块,用于判定需要建立直通隧道后通知所述直通隧道管理模块执行所述通知操作。 [0148] the application function entity through the network element further comprising a tunnel establishment determination module; [0149] through the established tunnel determining module, for determining the need for notification through the tunnel management module executes the operation after the notification through the tunnel.

[0150] 对应于上述方法,本系统中的无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; [0150] correspond to the above method, the present system the radio side network element includes a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module;

[0151] 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端无线侧网元的信息; [0151] The receiving module, information for the peer network element of the radio receiving side application function entity transmitted;

[0152] 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端无线侧网元的信息后,与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道。 [0152] The pass-through tunnel establishing module, after receiving information for the peer network element of the wireless side of the receiving module, and the establishing of the tunnel through the wireless side end network element.

[0153] 对应于上述方法,本系统中的一种服务网关包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; [0153] correspond to the above method, the present system includes receiving a service module and a pass-through gateway tunnel establishing module;

[0154] 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端服务网关的信息; [0154] The receiving module, information for the peer gateway service application function entity receiving the transmission;

[0155] 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端服务网关的信息后,与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 [0155] The pass-through tunnel establishing module, configured to, after the receiving module receives the information terminal serving gateway, and establishing the tunnel through the end of the service gateway.

[0156] 本方案中的直通隧道建立系统包括上述应用功能实体网元,还包括上述无线侧网元和/或上述服务网关。 [0156] In the present embodiment comprises a through tunnel establishment system according to the application function entity NE, further comprising the wireless-side network element and / or said serving gateway.

[0157] 需要说明的是,在附图的流程图示出的步骤可以在诸如一组计算机可执行指令的计算机系统中执行,并且,虽然在流程图中示出了逻辑顺序,但是在某些情况下,可以以不同于此处的顺序执行所示出或描述的步骤。 [0157] It should be noted that the steps illustrated in the flowchart drawings can be executed on a computer system such as a set of executable instructions, and, although in the flowchart shown in a logical order, but in some case, the steps shown or may be performed in a different order than described herein.

[0158] 需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相 [0158] Incidentally, in the case of no conflict, the embodiments and the features of the embodiments of the present application may be phase

互任意组合。 Mutual any combination thereof.

[0159]当然,本发明还可有其他多种实施例,在不背离本发明精神及其实质的情况下,熟悉本领域的技术人员可根据本发明作出各种相应的改变和变形,但这些相应的改变和变形都应属于本发明所附的权利要求的保护范围。 [0159] Of course, the present invention may have various other embodiments without departing from the spirit and the essence of the present invention, those skilled in the art can make various corresponding modifications and variations according to the present invention, but these corresponding modifications and variations shall fall within the scope of the appended claims.

[0160] 本领域普通技术人员可以理解上述方法中的全部或部分步骤可通过程序来指令相关硬件完成,所述程序可以存储于计算机可读存储介质中,如只读存储器、磁盘或光盘等。 [0160] Those of ordinary skill in the art will be appreciated that the above-described method may be all or part of the steps by a program instructing relevant hardware is completed, the program may be stored in a computer-readable storage medium, such as read only memory, etc., magnetic or optical disk. 可选地,上述实施例的全部或部分步骤也可以使用一个或多个集成电路来实现。 Alternatively, all or part of the steps of the above-described embodiments may be implemented using one or more integrated circuits. 相应地,上述实施例中的各模块/单元可以采用硬件的形式实现,也可以采用软件功能模块的形式实现。 Accordingly, each module / unit in the above-described embodiments may be implemented in the form of hardware, software functional modules may also be implemented. 本发明不限制于任何特定形式的硬件和软件的结合。 The present invention is not limited to any specific combination of hardware and software form.

Claims (13)

  1. 1.一种直通隧道建立方法,其中, 应用功能实体向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,所述无线侧网元与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道; 或者,应用功能实体向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息,所述服务网关与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 CLAIMS 1. A method for establishing a through-tunnel, wherein the application function entity to the radio network side of the wireless information transfer element side of the network element, the network element of the wireless side to establish a tunnel through the peer radio side network element; or end of the information service gateway application function entity transmits to the serving gateway, establishing the serving gateway and the serving gateway through the peer tunnel.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述方法具体包括:始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元建立直通隧道; 或者, 始呼方应用功能实体向终呼方服务网关传送始呼方服务网关的信息,终呼方应用功能实体向始呼方服务网关传送终呼方服务网关的信息,所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关建立直通隧道。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said method comprises: always calling party information transmitting radio side network element originating call recipient wireless side network element application function entity to the called party, the terminating party applications functional entity transfer element terminating the radio side to the origination side of the information recipient wireless network side network element, the origination side of the wireless-side network element terminating the radio side network element called party through a tunnel established; or origination side applications starting calling party information serving gateway function entity transmits to the serving gateway terminating party, the terminating party application function entity terminating party information is transmitted to the serving gateway origination side serving gateway, the origination side of the call termination service gateway side service gateway establishes a pass-through tunnel.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,执行所述传送操作。 The method according to claim 2, wherein said origination party application function entity or party terminated the application function entity determines the need to establish a tunnel through, to perform the transfer operation.
  4. 4.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述始呼方应用功能实体或所述终呼方应用功能实体判定需要建立直通隧道后,还向无线侧网元或服务网元发送路由优化指示,所述始呼方无线侧网元与所述终呼方无线侧网元或者所述始呼方服务网关与所述终呼方服务网关在收到所述优化指示后建立所述直通隧道。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein the origination party application function entity or party after the call termination function entity determines that the application needs to establish a tunnel through, further to the wireless-side network element or service NE route optimization indicates the origination side of the wireless-side network element terminating the radio side network element called party or the originating call side serving gateway and the serving gateway establishes a terminating call party after receiving the indication of the optimization straight-through tunnel.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息; 所述应用功能实体经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the application function entity via a policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity of the wireless side of the network element transmitting side of the wireless network element information; via the application function entity policy function entity, the access gateway, the gateway to the service information terminal serving gateway.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 无线侧网元是基站、家用基站、家用基站网关、无线网络控制器、数据分流功能实体; 移动性管理实体是移动管理单元、移动交换中心、服务GPRS支持节点、家用基站网关; 服务网关是服务网关或服务GPRS支持节点; 接入网关是分组数据网络网关、接入网关、网关GPRS支持节点(GGSN); 策略功能实体是策略与计费规则功能; 应用功能实体是代理呼叫会话控制(P-CSCF)或应用功能(AF)。 The mobile switching mobility management entity is a mobility management unit; 6. A method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the network element is a base station radio side, the home base station HNB GW, the radio network controller, a data bypass function entity center, serving GPRS support node, home base station gateway; it is a serving gateway or serving gateway serving GPRS support node; an access gateway is a packet data network gateway, an access gateway, a gateway GPRS support node (the GGSN); functional entity is a policy strategy and the count fee rules function; application function entity is a proxy call session control (P-CSCF), or an application function (AF).
  7. 7.一种应用功能实体网元,其中, 所述应用功能实体网元包括直通隧道管理模块; 所述直通隧道管理模块,用于向无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息,或者向服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 A network application function entity element, wherein said element comprises a network application function entity through a tunnel management module; through the tunnel management module is configured to transmit to the wireless side network element information of the wireless side of the network element, or information gateway gateway transfer service to peer service.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的应用功能实体网元,其特征在于, 所述直通隧道管理模块,具体用于经由策略功能实体、接入网关、服务网关、移动性管理实体向所述无线侧网元传送对端无线侧网元的信息;经由策略功能实体、接入网关向所述服务网关传送对端服务网关的信息。 As claimed in claim 8. The application function entity of the network element 7, characterized in that the pass-through tunnel management module is configured via a policy function entity, an access gateway, a serving gateway, a mobility management entity of the wireless side NE transmits end information to the wireless side of the network element; end information is transmitted to the serving gateway via a serving gateway function entity policy, the access gateway.
  9. 9.如权利要求7所述的应用功能实体网元,其特征在于, 所述直通隧道管理模块,还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方无线侧网元传送始呼方无线侧网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方无线侧网元传送终呼方无线侧网元的信息;还用于在所述应用功能实体网元作为始呼方应用功能实体时向终呼方服务网元传送始呼方服务网元的信息,或者在所述应用功能实体网元作为终呼方应用功能实体时向始呼方服务网元传送终呼方服务网元的信息。 9. The application function entity according to claim 7 of the network element, wherein the through tunnel management module is further used for the application function entity in a network element as party application function entity to the originating call terminating side radio NE origination party information transmission side radio side network element, or in the application function entity NE as terminating party party application function entity information element to the radio network side originating call recipient wireless transmit side network element terminating the call; further in the application function entity for the network element as the origination party application function entity to the network element terminating party service information transmission start calling party serving network element or entity in the application function as network element terminating party applications party service information to the network element NE start transmission service called party when the terminating functional entity.
  10. 10.如权利要求7所述的应用功能实体网元,其特征在于, 所述应用功能实体网元还包括直通隧道建立判定模块; 所述直通隧道建立判定模块,用于判定需要建立直通隧道后通知所述直通隧道管理模块执行所述通知操作。 As claimed in claim 10. The application function entity of the network element 7, characterized in that the network element further comprising a functional entity through a tunnel establishing module determines that the application; tunnel is established through the determination module, for determining the need for pass-through tunnel notifying the pass-through tunnel management module performs the notification operation.
  11. 11.一种无线侧网元,其中, 所述无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端无线侧网元的信息; 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端无线侧网元的信息后,与所述对端无线侧网元建立直通隧道。 11. A wireless network element side, wherein the wireless-side network element comprises a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module; the receiving module, information for the wireless side end of the receiving network element sent by the application function entity; the through tunnel establishing module, configured to, after the receiving module receives the information on the wireless terminal side network element, and establishing the tunnel through the peer radio side network element.
  12. 12.一种服务网关,其中, 所述无线侧网元包括接收模块和直通隧道建立模块; 所述接收模块,用于接收应用功能实体发送的对端服务网关的信息; 所述直通隧道建立模块,用于在所述接收模块收到所述对端服务网关的信息后,与所述对端服务网关建立直通隧道。 A service gateway, wherein the wireless-side network element comprises a receiving module and a pass-through tunnel establishing module; the receiving module, information for the peer service gateway function entity receives the application transmitted; through the tunnel establishing module configured to, after the receiving module receives the information terminal serving gateway, and the serving peer gateway to establish a tunnel through.
  13. 13.一种直通隧道建立系统,其中,包括所述权利要求7、8、9、10中的应用功能实体网元,还包括所述权利要求11中的无线侧网元和/或所述权利要求12中的服务网关。 A tunnel is established through the system, wherein the network application function entity including 7,8,9,10-membered claim, further comprising a network side of the wireless element 11 and / or claimed in the claim requirements services gateway 12.
CN 201210250541 2012-07-19 2012-07-19 Straight-through tunnel establishing method, network element, gateway and straight-through tunnel establishing system CN103582158A (en)

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