CN103572616A - Piling and printing method of cotton fabric by reactive dye - Google Patents

Piling and printing method of cotton fabric by reactive dye Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103572616A
CN103572616A CN201310560425.3A CN201310560425A CN103572616A CN 103572616 A CN103572616 A CN 103572616A CN 201310560425 A CN201310560425 A CN 201310560425A CN 103572616 A CN103572616 A CN 103572616A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cotton fabric
banking
printing
reactive dye
fixation
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Pending
Application number
CN201310560425.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王红卫
侯晋
洪华
张爱平
李培才
张晓冬
申晓萍
王超颖
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Nantong Entry-Exit Inspection And Quarantine Bureau Of People's Republic Of
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Nantong Entry-Exit Inspection And Quarantine Bureau Of People's Republic Of
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Priority to CN201310560425.3A priority Critical patent/CN103572616A/en
Publication of CN103572616A publication Critical patent/CN103572616A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a piling and printing method of a cotton fabric by a reactive dye. The method comprises the following steps: adding water into 1-3% by weight of the reactive dye, 2-6% by weight of urea, 15-20% by weight of a thicker and 1-5% by weight of an alkaline agent to 100% and preparing a mill base; then, printing the cotton fabric by the mill base; then, piling the printed cotton fabric for 6-10 hours at 25-35 DEG C for fixation; and finally, washing, soaping and washing and airing the fixed cotton fabric. The method disclosed by the invention is low in energy consumption, less in environmental pollution, high in color fastness, uniform in dyeing, simple in process and good in product quality.

Description

The cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye printing method of banking up
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dyeing method, particularly a kind of cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye printing method of banking up.
Background technology
REACTIVE DYES is also referred to as chemically-reactive dyes, it is with one or more active group in dye molecule, it is reactive group, under certain condition, can with cellulose fibre on hydroxyl and azelon, polyamide fiber on amino etc. there is bonding reaction, between dyestuff and fiber, form the dye of covalent bond.
Reactive dyestuff molecule is simple in structure, lovely luster, and chromatogram is more complete, easy to use, and cost is lower, contains sulfonic group aqueous solution group, is ionized into dyestuff anion in water, and hard water is had to higher stability, and diffusivity and level-dyeing property are better.But it is low that REACTIVE DYES remains at degree of fixation, need the problems such as high salt dyeing and high concentration urea stamp.In addition, the reactive dyeing time is longer, and the consumption of dyestuff and chemicals is large, adds a large amount of neutral electrolytes to urge to dye during dyeing, unfavorable to environmental protection.
COTTON FABRIC is weaved and is formed by native cellulose fibre, has good hygroscopicity, flexibility, feel, parent's clothes property, is the particularly major product of underwear fabric of garment material.The stamp of COTTON FABRIC adopts screen cloth technique conventionally, and because REACTIVE DYES chromatogram number is wide, wet colour fastness is better, and stamp cost is low, and it is convenient to print, and uniformity is good, so the REACTIVE DYES direct printing the most frequently used printing method that is COTTON FABRIC.At present cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye printed fabric application is very extensive, and the market demand is large, and no matter clothes, bedding, ornament materials all can be seen printing with reactive dye cotton.But in traditional Reactive Printing Process, stamp post processing adopts gas steaming and bakes two kinds of modes carries out fixation treatment, there is the problem of high water consumption, highly energy-consuming in this technique therefore.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye printing method of banking up.Employing adopts the mode of cold dome to carry out fixation treatment after stamp, and its fixation firmness is high, water consumption is low, energy consumption is low.
According to an aspect of the present invention, provide the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye printing method of banking up, comprised the following steps:
(1) REACTIVE DYES that is 1%-3% by percentage by weight, the urea of 2%-6%, the thickener of 15%-20%, the alkaline agent of 1%-5% add water to 100% and are mixed with mill base;
(2) with the mill base preparing in step (1), COTTON FABRIC is carried out to stamp;
(3) COTTON FABRIC after stamp is banked up fixation;
(4) after being washed, soap, washed, the good COTTON FABRIC of fixation dries.
In some embodiments, in step (1), by weight percentage, REACTIVE DYES consumption is 2.0%~2.5%, alkaline agent consumption is 3.0%~4.0%.
In some embodiments, in step (1), by weight percentage, REACTIVE DYES consumption is 2%, the consumption of alkaline agent is 3%, the consumption of urea is 4%.
In some embodiments, the temperature of banking up in step (3) is 25 ℃~35 ℃.
In some embodiments, the temperature of banking up in step (3) is 30 ℃.
In some embodiments, in step (3), the time of banking up is 6~10 hours.
In some embodiments, in step (3), the time of banking up is 8 hours.
In some embodiments, the thickener in step (1) is sodium alginate, carboxymethyl starch or carboxymethyl cellulose.
In some embodiments, the alkaline agent in step (1) is sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate.
In some embodiments, the mill base in step (1) also comprises that percentage by weight is 2% calgon.
The bank up mill base of printing method stamp of cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye of the present invention is comprised of REACTIVE DYES, thickener (being former paste), auxiliary agent, alkaline agent.The selection that stick with paste in its Central Plains has a great impact printing quality, and printing with reactive dye often selects sodium alginate as thickener.In the structure of sodium alginate, with carboxylic acid group (-COOH), in alkaline medium, generate carboxylic acid and receive (-COONa), be dissolved in the water, be ionized into carboxylate anion and sodium ion, therefore sodium alginate is cloudy lotus property, has good compatibility with the REACTIVE DYES of cloudy lotus property, and Dry Sack rate is higher.The effect reason of carboxymethyl starch or carboxymethyl cellulose is identical with sodium alginate.Auxiliary agent mainly contains urea and calgon.Urea add the dissolving that is conducive to dyestuff, improve the dissolubility of dyestuff, and be good hygroscopic agent, swelling agent, make dye well auxiliary agent after fully dissolving, can permeate rapidly and be combined with cellulose fibre, improve the fixation rate of dyestuff.Sodium alginate is the calcium binding easily and in water and generate calcium alginate (COO) during fabrication 2ca precipitation, calcium alginate (COO) 2ca sediment makes the carboxylic ions-COO-in sodium alginate structural formula lose the electric charge of cloudy lotus property, not only the REACTIVE DYES with cloudy lotus property is not had to repulsive interaction, and make the inferior hydroxyl (CHOH) in sodium alginate structural formula likely produce color dot with some REACTIVE DYES generation bonding, and make printing gum be difficult for washing to the greatest extent and generation staining.So both damage the performance of mill base, also affected dyefastness simultaneously.Therefore when hardness of water is larger, must add calgon to prevent from generating calcium alginate.
It is painted that the present invention adopts REACTIVE DYES, under alkaline environment, COTTON FABRIC is carried out to stamp, then the fixation of banking up at low temperatures, wherein the influential factor of printing quality tool also had to the following aspects:
(1) impact of dye dosage
Tradition stamp is different from dyeing, REACTIVE DYES exhaust dye in process, have sufficient suction look, fixation time, but traditional thickening agent and fiber are shorter contact time.And for the fixation of banking up after stamp, contact time is basic identical with dyeing, the concentration requirement of dyestuff is also similar.The concentration of dyestuff can exert an influence to the diffusion rate of dyestuff, and higher its diffusion rate of concentration is also just faster, and level dyeing, through-dyeing are just better.But, if excessive concentration can make REACTIVE DYES dissolve in mill base and produce difficulty, and can cause level-dyeing property to decline, color depth reduces.
(2) impact of urea
Urea plays a part more important in REACTIVE DYES direct printing.Urea add the dissolving that is conducive to dyestuff, improve the dissolubility of dyestuff, urea or good hygroscopic agent, in fixation process, can fully absorb moisture around, thereby be conducive to the dissolving of dyestuff and other auxiliary agents, while urea or the swelling agent of cellulose fibre, make dye well auxiliary agent after fully dissolving, energy rapid permeability is also combined with cellulose fibre, on raising dyestuff, dyes quantity.
(3) impact of alkaline agent
Adding of alkaline agent, in printing with reactive dye process, play the effect of fixation.After alkaline agent adds, make the PH of mill base be adjusted to alkalescence, in fixation process, can promote active group and fiber to react, form stable covalent bond, dyeing rate and color depth are all improved.But pH value can not be too high, add the intensity of alkaline agent and the consumption can not be excessive, otherwise can impel the hydrolysis of fiber, COTTON FABRIC is brought to damage, also can accelerate the hydrolysis of dyestuff simultaneously, can weaken on the contrary dyestuff on dye and fixation.
(4) impact of color fixing temperature
Temperature is larger on the fixation impact of REACTIVE DYES.Temperature raises 10 ℃, and reaction speed can improve 2~3 times.But excess Temperature also can make the hydrolysis rate of dyestuff accelerate, become key fixation quantity to reduce.Therefore in actual production, must select suitable dyeing temperature, it be reacted completely in official hour, to obtain higher color depth.The dyestuff high to reactivity, color fixing temperature is lower, reactive low dyestuff, color fixing temperature is higher.
(5) impact of fixation time
After stamp, the time of fixation can not be long, and reason is that REACTIVE DYES under alkaline agent effect, fixation occurs with fiber and reacts, and also hydrolysis to a certain degree can occur simultaneously.In fixation early stage, dyestuff becomes key fixation to react to occupy an leading position with fibrogenic, and color depth constantly increases, until maximum; After fixation reaction completes substantially, continue to extend and banks up the time, it is more and more that on fiber, the amount of hydrolysis scission of link occurs the dyestuff of combination, becomes key degree of fixation to start to decline, so that the fixation time of banking up of mercerized cotton fabric is wanted is relatively shorter.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) energy resource consumption is low.Think comparison with traditional printing technology, the overall consumption of water, electricity and gas reduces by 20%~30%.
(2) environmental pollution is little.In the present invention, electrolyte consumption is few, and dye utilization rate is high, and sewage discharge is few.
(3) equipment investment is few, and capital cost is low, strong adaptability.
(4) dyefastness is high.
(5) superior permeability of dyestuff, even dyeing.
(6) simple, the good product quality of technique, the mode of production are flexible.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Textile plain cloth is moved back boil, standby after kiering, bleaching;
Technical pure active yellow KN-G(REACTIVE DYES by weight percent such as designated ratio in table 1), technical pure urea, food grade sodium alginate (thickener), technical pure sodium carbonate (alkaline agent), technical pure calgon and add deionized water to 100% and be mixed with mill base; Concrete grammar is as follows:
1. in deionized water, slowly add sodium alginate stirring to be mixed with former paste;
2. load weighted dyestuff, urea, sodium carbonate are dissolved in respectively to wiring solution-forming in deionized water;
3. the dye solution, the urea liquid that in the former paste preparing in 1. to step, add successively step to prepare in 2., limit edged stirs, the sodium carbonate liquor that finally adds step to prepare in 2..
With the mill base preparing, textile plain cloth is carried out to stamp;
After being wrapped up with plastic sheeting, at the temperature of banking up as specified in Table 1, banks up as the time of table 1 appointment textile plain cloth after stamp;
By the textile plain cloth cold wash of banking up, then use 90 ℃ of hot water wash 2min;
The soap lye of configuration 2g/L is soaped the textile plain cloth after hot water wash, then is used cold wash at 70 ℃;
After finally the textile plain cloth after washing being spread out, dry.
Textile plain cloth after drying is detected, and test item is as follows:
(1) mensuration of K/S value (dye level): measure by electronics color measurement and color match instrument;
(2) fracture strength test: method of testing is with reference to GB/T3923.1-1997.1;
(3) crock fastness test: method of testing is with reference to QB/T1327-1991;
(4) soaping fastness test: method of testing is with reference to GB/T3921.1-1997~GB/T3921.5-1997.
In table 1, listed test result.
Embodiment 2~embodiment 8
By the constituent content of appointment in following table 1 and and bank up temperature and the time of banking up repeat the method for embodiment 1, in table 1, listed test result.
Embodiment 9~embodiment 11
By the constituent content of appointment in following table 1 and and bank up temperature and the time of banking up repeat the method for embodiment 1, but replace active yellow KN-G with Reactive Brilliant Blue KN-R, in table 1, listed test result.
Embodiment 12~embodiment 14
By the constituent content of appointment in following table 1 and and bank up temperature and the time of banking up repeat the method for embodiment 1, but replace active yellow KN-G with Reactive Brilliant Red K-2BP, in table 1, listed test result.
Embodiment 15~embodiment 17
By the constituent content of appointment in following table 1 and and bank up temperature and the time of banking up repeat the method for embodiment 1, but replace sodium alginate by carboxymethyl starch, in table 1, listed test result.
Embodiment 18~embodiment 20
By the constituent content of appointment in following table 1 and and bank up temperature and the time of banking up repeat the method for embodiment 1, but replace sodium alginate with carboxymethyl cellulose, in table 1, listed test result.
Embodiment 21~embodiment 23
By the constituent content of appointment in following table 1 and and bank up temperature and the time of banking up repeat the method for embodiment 1, but replace sodium carbonate with sodium bicarbonate, in table 1, listed test result.
Table 1
As can be seen from the above table, the crock fastness of the printed cotton fabric that process of the present invention obtains and soaping fastness are all more than or equal to 3.4 much larger than the standard limited value of cotton dyed shell fabrics, and process dyeing firmness therefore of the present invention is high, and fabric quality is good.
Above-described is only some embodiments of the present invention.For the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise of the invention, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to the protection domain of invention.

Claims (10)

1. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye printing method of banking up, comprises the following steps:
(1) REACTIVE DYES that is 1%-3% by percentage by weight, the urea of 2%-6%, the thickener of 15%-20%, the alkaline agent of 1%-5% add water to 100% and are mixed with mill base;
(2) with the mill base preparing in step (1), COTTON FABRIC is carried out to stamp;
(3) COTTON FABRIC after stamp is banked up fixation;
(4) after being washed, soap, washed, the good COTTON FABRIC of fixation dries.
2. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye according to claim 1 printing method of banking up, in step (1), by weight percentage, REACTIVE DYES consumption is 2.0%~2.5%, alkaline agent consumption is 3.0%~4.0%.
3. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye according to claim 2 printing method of banking up, in step (1), by weight percentage, REACTIVE DYES consumption is 2%, the consumption of alkaline agent is 3%, the consumption of urea is 4%.
4. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye according to claim 1 printing method of banking up, the temperature of banking up in step (3) is 25 ℃~35 ℃.
5. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye according to claim 4 printing method of banking up, the temperature of banking up in step (3) is 30 ℃.
6. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye according to claim 1 printing method of banking up, in step (3), the time of banking up is 6~10 hours.
7. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye according to claim 6 printing method of banking up, in step (3), the time of banking up is 8 hours.
8. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye according to claim 2 printing method of banking up, the thickener described in step (1) is sodium alginate carboxylic, carboxymethyl starch or carboxymethyl cellulose.
9. the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye according to claim 2 printing method of banking up, the alkaline agent described in step (1) is sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate.
10. according to the printing method of banking up of the cotton fabric by utilizing reactive dye described in claim 1~9, the mill base in step (1) also comprises that percentage by weight is 2% calgon.
CN201310560425.3A 2013-11-12 2013-11-12 Piling and printing method of cotton fabric by reactive dye Pending CN103572616A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104278414A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-14 湖州新仲湖针织制衣有限公司 All-elastic-real-silk knitted fabric and production process thereof
CN105970698A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 山东黄河三角洲纺织科技研究院有限公司 Reactive dye cold pad-batch printing method
CN107956144A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-24 常熟市沪联印染有限公司 A kind of printing method of wool fabric

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CN102943399A (en) * 2012-03-27 2013-02-27 日冠(福建)针纺织机械有限公司 Technology for dyeing pure cotton fabric by printing
CN102912655A (en) * 2012-11-14 2013-02-06 愉悦家纺有限公司 Reactive printing method
CN103215830A (en) * 2013-03-15 2013-07-24 华韩(泉州)新型面料开发有限公司 Production process and production equipment for pure cotton fabric with white space effect

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104278414A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-14 湖州新仲湖针织制衣有限公司 All-elastic-real-silk knitted fabric and production process thereof
CN104278414B (en) * 2014-10-23 2016-02-17 湖州新仲湖针织制衣有限公司 A kind of full elastic real silk knitted fabrics and production technology thereof
CN105970698A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-09-28 山东黄河三角洲纺织科技研究院有限公司 Reactive dye cold pad-batch printing method
CN105970698B (en) * 2016-05-30 2018-09-14 山东黄河三角洲纺织科技研究院有限公司 A kind of reactive dye cold pad--batch printing method
CN107956144A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-24 常熟市沪联印染有限公司 A kind of printing method of wool fabric

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Application publication date: 20140212