CN103539117A - Continuous activated carbon washing and drying device - Google Patents

Continuous activated carbon washing and drying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103539117A
CN103539117A CN201310492580.6A CN201310492580A CN103539117A CN 103539117 A CN103539117 A CN 103539117A CN 201310492580 A CN201310492580 A CN 201310492580A CN 103539117 A CN103539117 A CN 103539117A
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China
Prior art keywords
vacuum tank
band filter
vacuum
spray header
washing
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Application number
CN201310492580.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103539117B (en
Inventor
程振国
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Xuzhou Huarui carbon Mstar Technology Ltd
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XUZHOU TIANZHENG ACTIVATED CARBON FACTORY
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Priority to CN201310492580.6A priority Critical patent/CN103539117B/en
Publication of CN103539117A publication Critical patent/CN103539117A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a continuous activated carbon washing and drying device. The continuous activated carbon washing and drying device comprises a carbon slurry supplying device, a belt-type filter, a blanking hopper, a vacuum absorption and filtration device, a vacuum tank, a washing and spraying device and pipelines for connection, wherein the running direction of the belt-type filter is taken as the criterion, the carbon slurry supplying device is arranged at the front upper part of the belt-type filter; the blanking hopper is arranged at the rear lower part of the belt-type filter; the washing and spraying device is arranged above the belt-type filter; the lower part of the belt-type filter is provided with the vacuum tank which is connected with the belt-type filter through a pipeline and is also connected with the washing and spraying device as well as the vacuum absorption and filtration device. The device washes (extracts) phosphoric acid which is the residual of phosphoric acid liquids with different gradients in clearances of activated carbon, meanwhile dehydrates washed activated carbon by adopting a vacuum negative pressure suction filtration mode, and reduces the residual phosphorus quantity of the activated carbon which is collected by acid pickling so as to further reduce the consumption quantity of phosphoric acid in activated carbon production; dehydrating is conducted by adopting a vacuumizing mode, so that the dehydrating efficiency of activated carbon is improved.

Description

A kind of gac continuous washing and dry device
Technical field
The present invention relates to Activated Carbon Production technical field, specifically a kind of gac continuous washing and dry device.
Background technology
In phosphoric acid method wood activated charcoal production technique, comprise with the phosphoric acid in the activated complete gac material of phosphoric acid water extraction of various different concns gradients, its common concentration is 65 ~ 85 degree Beaume, and raw material phosphoric acid is reclaimed, and then the gac after pickling or washing is carried out to processed.
In existing Activated Carbon Production flow process, the phosphoric acid in activated material hole is reclaimed and generally takes recycling bin or plate-and-frame filter press, these two kinds of ways of recycling are all subject to the restriction of the factors such as environment, extraction liquid concentration and extraction times, often residual phosphorus amount also higher (>=3%) in the gac hole having reclaimed; And follow-up sheet frame dewatering process adopts pressurized air to carry out the unidirectional mode of operation drying up conventionally, this mode exists the shortcoming that dewatering efficiency not high (can only by gac water ratio from 80% dehydration to 70% left and right) and discontinuous are produced, even the vacuum dewatering combined equipment occurring recently (can by gac water ratio from 70% dehydration to 65% left and right), also the sealing between sheet frame filter plate has been proposed to strict requirement, this has also limited its practical application at activated carbon industry.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of gac continuous washing and dry device, reduces the acid consumption in Activated Carbon Production, improves the quality of products; Next is the dewatering efficiency that improves gac, reduces the cost of Activated Carbon Production.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of gac continuous washing and dry device, comprise charcoal slurry feed device, band filter, hopper, vacuum suction filter, vacuum tank, showering washing device and connecting pipe road; Traffic direction with band filter is as the criterion, and its front upper place is provided with charcoal slurry feed device, and its back lower place is provided with hopper; The top of described band filter is provided with showering washing device, and the bottom of described band filter is provided with vacuum tank; Described vacuum tank is connected with band filter by pipeline; Described vacuum tank is also connected with showering washing device and vacuum suction filter.
Described band filter is provided with string rubber, filter cloth, vacuum box, friction belt etc., and the translational speed of string rubber is 1 ~ 20 m/min.
Described vacuum tank comprises vacuum tank V, vacuum tank I, vacuum tank II, vacuum tank III and the vacuum tank IV sequentially arranging along the traffic direction of band filter; On described vacuum tank, be equipped with fluid inlet, liquid outlet and venting port, the fluid inlet of each vacuum tank is connected with the vacuum box of band filter by pipeline; The venting port of each vacuum tank connects vacuum suction filter by pipeline; The leakage fluid dram of described vacuum tank V and vacuum tank I is connected complex acid or concentration systems, and the leakage fluid dram of all the other vacuum tanks connects showering washing device by pipeline, and pipeline is provided with counterflow pump.
Described absorbing devices, by vacuum pumping opening, is extracted the water and air in gac on band filter string rubber out.
Described showering washing device comprises spray header I, spray header II, spray header III and the spray header IV sequentially arranging along the traffic direction of band filter; Described spray header I is connected with vacuum tank II; Described spray header II is connected with vacuum tank III, and described spray header III is connected with vacuum tank IV; Described spray header IV is connected with the liquid collection opening of being located at band filter traffic direction end, and the pipeline that both connect is provided with counterflow pump.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of gac continuous washing and dry device, by different gradient phosphoric acid liquids, will remain in phosphoric acid washing (extraction) in gac space out, adopt negative pressure of vacuum suction filtration mode to dewater to the gac having washed simultaneously, reduce pickling and collected the residual phosphorus amount of gac, and then reduced the consumption of phosphoric acid in Activated Carbon Production; And take to vacuumize mode and dewater, improved the dewatering efficiency of gac.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
Accompanying drawing 1 is the structural representation of a kind of gac continuous washing and dry device.
In figure, 1. charcoal slurry feed device, 2. band filter, 3. hopper, 4. vacuum suction filter, 5. vacuum tank, 5-1. vacuum tank I, 5-2. vacuum tank II, 5-3. vacuum tank III, 5-4. vacuum tank IV, 5-5. vacuum tank V, 6. showering washing device, 6-1. spray header I, 6-2. spray header II, 6-3. spray header III, 6-4. spray header IV.
Embodiment
In the accompanying drawings, a kind of gac continuous washing and dry device, comprise charcoal slurry feed device 1, band filter 2, hopper 3, vacuum suction filter 4, vacuum tank 5, showering washing device 6 and connecting pipe road; Traffic direction with band filter 2 is as the criterion, and its front upper place is provided with charcoal slurry feed device 1, and its back lower place is provided with hopper 3; The top of described band filter 2 is provided with showering washing device 6, and the bottom of described band filter 2 is provided with vacuum tank 5; Described vacuum tank 5 is connected with band filter 2 by pipeline; Described vacuum tank 5 is also connected with showering washing device 6 and vacuum suction filter 4.
Described band filter 2 is provided with string rubber, filter cloth, vacuum box, friction belt etc., and the translational speed of string rubber is 1 ~ 20 m/min.
Described vacuum tank 5 comprises vacuum tank V 5-5, vacuum tank I 5-1, vacuum tank II 5-2, vacuum tank III 5-3 and the vacuum tank IV 5-4 sequentially arranging along the traffic direction of band filter 2; On described vacuum tank, be equipped with fluid inlet, liquid outlet and venting port, the fluid inlet of each vacuum tank is connected with the vacuum box of band filter 2 by pipeline; The venting port of each vacuum tank connects vacuum suction filter 4 by pipeline; Described vacuum tank V 5-5 is connected complex acid or concentration systems with the leakage fluid dram of vacuum tank I 5-1, and the leakage fluid dram of all the other vacuum tanks connects showering washing device 6 by pipeline, and pipeline is provided with counterflow pump.
Described absorbing devices 4, by vacuum pumping opening, is extracted the water and air in gac on band filter 2 string rubbers out.
Described showering washing device 6 comprises spray header I 6-1, spray header II 6-2, spray header III 6-3 and the spray header IV 6-4 sequentially arranging along the traffic direction of band filter 2; Described spray header I 6-1 is connected with vacuum tank II 5-2; Described spray header II 6-2 is connected with vacuum tank III 5-3, and described spray header III 6-3 is connected with vacuum tank IV 5-4; Described spray header IV 6-4 is connected with the liquid collection opening of being located at band filter 2 traffic direction ends, and the pipeline that both connect is provided with counterflow pump.
Gac continuous washing and dry method are: certain density charcoal slurry liquid is continuously sent into the hopper of band filter 2 through mortar pump, the string rubber of band filter 2 is driving charcoal slurry constantly to move forward, in moving process, vacuum suction filter 4 is drawn into vacuum tank 5 by the water and air in activated material on band filter 2 string rubbers, phosphoric acid water in vacuum tank V 5-5 and vacuum tank I 5-1 is delivered in complex acid or enrichment process and is used, phosphoric acid water in vacuum tank II 5-2 is pumped in spray header I 6-1 activated material is washed by counterflow pump, phosphoric acid water in vacuum tank III 5-3 is pumped in spray header II 6-2 activated material is washed by counterflow pump, phosphoric acid water in vacuum tank IV 5-4 is pumped in spray header III 6-3 activated material is washed by counterflow pump, finally the water that cleans filter cloth being pumped into spray header IV 6-4 washs activated material, realize with the lower concentration washing sour water of back segment the gac of leading portion is washed, and the same employing of band filter 2 back segments vacuumizes mode activated material is dewatered, gac after dehydration enters in hopper 3.

Claims (5)

1. gac continuous washing and a dry device, comprise charcoal slurry feed device (1), band filter (2), hopper (3), vacuum suction filter (4), vacuum tank (5), showering washing device (6) and connecting pipe road; Traffic direction with band filter (2) is as the criterion, and its front upper place is provided with charcoal slurry feed device (1), and its back lower place is provided with hopper (3); It is characterized in that, the top of described band filter (2) is provided with showering washing device (6), and the bottom of described band filter (2) is provided with vacuum tank (5); Described vacuum tank (5) is connected with band filter (2) by pipeline; Described vacuum tank (5) is also connected with showering washing device (6) and vacuum suction filter (4).
2. gac continuous washing according to claim 1 and dry device, is characterized in that, described band filter (2) is provided with string rubber, filter cloth, vacuum box, friction belt, and the translational speed of string rubber is 1~20 m/min.
3. gac continuous washing according to claim 1 and dry device, it is characterized in that, described vacuum tank (5) comprises vacuum tank V (5-5), vacuum tank I (5-1), vacuum tank II (5-2), vacuum tank III (5-3) and the vacuum tank IV (5-4) sequentially arranging along the traffic direction of band filter (2); On described vacuum tank, be equipped with fluid inlet, liquid outlet and venting port, the fluid inlet of each vacuum tank is connected with the vacuum box of band filter (2) by pipeline; The venting port of each vacuum tank connects vacuum suction filter (4) by pipeline; Described vacuum tank V (5-5) is connected complex acid or concentration systems with the leakage fluid dram of vacuum tank I (5-1), and the leakage fluid dram of all the other vacuum tanks connects showering washing device (6) by pipeline, and pipeline is provided with counterflow pump.
4. gac continuous washing according to claim 1 and dry device, it is characterized in that, described showering washing device (6) comprises spray header I (6-1), spray header II (6-2), spray header III (6-3) and the spray header IV (6-4) sequentially arranging along the traffic direction of band filter (2); Described spray header I (6-1) is connected with vacuum tank II (5-2); Described spray header II (6-2) is connected with vacuum tank III (5-3), and described spray header III (6-3) is connected with vacuum tank IV (5-4); Described spray header IV (6-4) is connected with the liquid collection opening of being located at band filter (2) traffic direction end, and the pipeline that both connect is provided with counterflow pump.
5. according to the gac continuous washing described in claim 1~4 any one claim and dry device, it is characterized in that, gac continuous washing and dry method are: certain density charcoal slurry liquid is continuously sent into the hopper of band filter (2) through mortar pump, the string rubber of band filter (2) is driving charcoal slurry constantly to move forward, in moving process, vacuum suction filter (4) is drawn into vacuum tank (5) by the water and air in activated material on band filter (2) string rubber, phosphoric acid water in vacuum tank V (5-5) and vacuum tank I (5-1) is delivered in complex acid or enrichment process and is used, phosphoric acid water in vacuum tank II (5-2) is pumped in spray header I (6-1) activated material is washed by counterflow pump, phosphoric acid water in vacuum tank III (5-3) is pumped in spray header II (6-2) activated material is washed by counterflow pump, phosphoric acid water in vacuum tank IV (5-4) is pumped in spray header III (6-3) activated material is washed by counterflow pump, finally the water that cleans filter cloth is pumped in spray header IV (6-4) activated material is washed, realize with the lower concentration washing sour water of back segment the gac of leading portion is washed, and the same employing of band filter (2) back segment vacuumizes mode activated material is dewatered, gac after dehydration enters in hopper (3).
CN201310492580.6A 2013-10-21 2013-10-21 A kind of continuous activated carbon washing and drying device Active CN103539117B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104556026A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 程振国 Device and method for continuously washing and drying activated carbon

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11116221A (en) * 1997-10-13 1999-04-27 Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha Ltd Active carbon particle washing device
CN101342536A (en) * 2008-08-18 2009-01-14 宜兴市乔阳电器有限公司 Absorbent charcoal cleaning machine
KR20120033059A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-04-06 현대제철 주식회사 Recycle system of activated carbon
CN202415167U (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-09-05 福建省建瓯市芝星活性炭有限公司 Double-way vacuum dehydrating device of active carbon plate frame
CN203612964U (en) * 2013-10-21 2014-05-28 徐州天正活性炭厂 Continuous activated carbon washing and drying device
CN104556026A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 程振国 Device and method for continuously washing and drying activated carbon

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11116221A (en) * 1997-10-13 1999-04-27 Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha Ltd Active carbon particle washing device
CN101342536A (en) * 2008-08-18 2009-01-14 宜兴市乔阳电器有限公司 Absorbent charcoal cleaning machine
KR20120033059A (en) * 2010-09-29 2012-04-06 현대제철 주식회사 Recycle system of activated carbon
CN202415167U (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-09-05 福建省建瓯市芝星活性炭有限公司 Double-way vacuum dehydrating device of active carbon plate frame
CN203612964U (en) * 2013-10-21 2014-05-28 徐州天正活性炭厂 Continuous activated carbon washing and drying device
CN104556026A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 程振国 Device and method for continuously washing and drying activated carbon

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104556026A (en) * 2013-10-21 2015-04-29 程振国 Device and method for continuously washing and drying activated carbon

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SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
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TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190624

Address after: 221700 Wanggou Industrial Park, Fengxian County, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Xuzhou Huarui carbon Mstar Technology Ltd

Address before: 221700 Xuzhou Tianzheng Activated Carbon Plant, Liangji Industrial Zone, Wanggou Town, Fengxian County, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: Xuzhou Tianzheng Activated Carbon Factory

TR01 Transfer of patent right
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Application publication date: 20140129

Assignee: XUZHOU TIANZHENG ACTIVATED CARBON FACTORY

Assignor: XUZHOU HUARUI CARBON MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Contract record no.: X2021980016281

Denomination of invention: A device for continuous washing and drying of activated carbon

Granted publication date: 20161123

License type: Exclusive License

Record date: 20211224

EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract