CN103510896B - Horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools - Google Patents

Horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103510896B
CN103510896B CN201310466977.8A CN201310466977A CN103510896B CN 103510896 B CN103510896 B CN 103510896B CN 201310466977 A CN201310466977 A CN 201310466977A CN 103510896 B CN103510896 B CN 103510896B
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hydraulic cylinder
docking
erecting tools
portal frame
connector
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CN103510896A (en
Inventor
段梦兰
赵宏林
罗晓兰
张康
罗俊
刘彦君
赵三军
彭飞
王金龙
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China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
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China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools, comprising: portal frame, the column of its both sides is slide rail; Be positioned at the docking hydraulic cylinder leg in the middle part of portal frame, slide and be arranged between two slide rails; Docking hydraulic cylinder, one end is arranged on docking hydraulic cylinder leg, and the other end extends away from portal frame, and the direction of extension is perpendicular to the plane at portal frame place; In order to drive the orientation direction mechanism of a horizontal bush formula connector, be arranged at docking hydraulic cylinder two ends; A pair locked hydraulic cylinder, correspondence is arranged at the both sides of portal frame, cylinder body axis and the Boring mill line parallel docking hydraulic cylinder of locked hydraulic cylinder; Each locked hydraulic cylinder is provided with in the termination of cylinder bar to drive horizontal bush formula connector locking one manifold to connect the locking actuator of hub seat.Erecting tools of the present invention, the hydraulic cylinder that only employing three is parallel just can complete the installation process of connector, and structure is simple, installation effectiveness is high, and hydraulic control system is reliability and durability.

Description

Horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools
Technical field
The present invention relates to Offshore Engineering field, espespecially a kind of horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools.
Background technology
The exploitation in current deep water gas field be investment high, have a big risk and the intensive energy industry frontier of new and high technology, wherein deep water manifold is a kind of significant transportation equipment in deep water gas field development process.The method of attachment of manifold and manifold, because the functions such as sealing and resistance to compression will be considered, generally comparatively complicated.The junction of conventional land manifold often adopts flange to add the form of screw fastening, and this type of attachment is not obviously suitable for the demand that deep water manifold connects operation because of carrying out artificial screw-tight operation under deep water.And the connected mode of existing deep water manifold is very complicated, complex operation, manifold joint efficiency is poor, required erecting tools complex structure, with high costs.
Summary of the invention
In view of the problem described in background technology, object of the present invention, namely a kind of horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools is to provide, this erecting tools has that structure is simple, manufacturing cost is a little lower, apply this erecting tools when carrying out the connection of connector, have operation simple and easy, connect advantage rapidly.
Above-mentioned purpose, can adopt following technical proposal to realize:
A kind of horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools, comprising: portal frame, the column of its both sides is slide rail; Be positioned at the docking hydraulic cylinder leg in the middle part of described portal frame, slide and be arranged between described two slide rails; Docking hydraulic cylinder, its one end is arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder leg, and the other end extends away from described portal frame, and the direction of extension is perpendicular to the plane at described portal frame place; In order to drive the orientation direction mechanism of a horizontal bush formula connector, be arranged at described docking hydraulic cylinder two ends; A pair locked hydraulic cylinder, correspondence is arranged at the both sides of described portal frame, cylinder body axis and the described Boring mill line parallel docking hydraulic cylinder of this locked hydraulic cylinder; Each described locked hydraulic cylinder is provided with in the termination of cylinder bar to drive described horizontal bush formula connector locking one manifold to connect the locking actuator of hub seat.
Erecting tools as above, described docking hydraulic cylinder leg has the second slide rail, and the setting direction of this second slide rail is simultaneously perpendicular to described portal frame slide rail and described docking hydraulic cylinder; Described one end of described docking hydraulic cylinder can translationally be arranged on this second slide rail.By the setting of the second slide rail, make erecting tools can adjust the spacing of docking hydraulic cylinder and locked hydraulic cylinder, after docking hydraulic cylinder is located by orientation direction mechanism and hub seat and connector, by the position of adjustment docking hydraulic cylinder on docking hydraulic cylinder leg, the i.e. relative position of the docking section of adjustable a pair locked hydraulic cylinder and horizontal bush formula connector, is beneficial to described locking actuator and is fixed on fast and accurately on this docking section.
Erecting tools as above, the first guide sleeve that described orientation direction mechanism comprises the cylinder rod end head being arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder and the second guide sleeve be arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder leg, wherein, this second guide sleeve is positioned on the extended line of the axis of described docking hydraulic cylinder; Described first guide sleeve and the second guide sleeve are connected to described manifold and are connected hub seat and described horizontal bush formula connector.Locate with hub seat and connector fixing respectively by docking hydraulic cylinder two ends, when docking hydraulic cylinder compression, connector can be driven near hub seat by these two guide sleeve, and produce docking.The fixed form of 2 fully simplifies the complexity of erecting tools structure and makes driving simpler, but also simplifies corresponding guide on hub seat and connector, is beneficial to very much the manufacturing cost controlling whole system.
Erecting tools as above, described a pair locked hydraulic cylinder is individually fixed in the bottom of two slide rails of described portal frame.
Erecting tools as above, the described locking actuator of described a pair locked hydraulic cylinder is a pair fixture block be oppositely arranged.The configuration of fixture block corresponds to the flange of the docking section of connector, so can firmly grasp this flange from both sides, so that the driving force of locked hydraulic cylinder is passed to docking section, and makes docking section towards the male wheel hub motion of hub seat locking hub seat.
By above technical scheme, advantage and disadvantage of the present invention is:
1. erecting tools of the present invention, unbundling formula with horizontal bush formula connector, so only need first below connector, again the erecting tools being positioned at underwater tool case is taken out by underwater robot, complete the location with connector, can manifold attended operation be carried out, do not need to carry out special lifting to the entirety of connector and erecting tools, so easy and simple to handle, easy to implement, also contribute to the loss that reduction operate miss brings.
2. erecting tools of the present invention, the hydraulic cylinder that only employing three is parallel just can complete the installation process of connector, and structure is simple, installation effectiveness is high, and hydraulic control system is reliability and durability.
3. when erecting tools of the present invention carries out subsea manifold attended operation, do not need manual site to operate, the connection of suitable seabed manifold, well head, PLET (duct end), PLEM (terminal manifold) etc.
Accompanying drawing explanation
For making object of the present invention, technological means and technique effect have more complete and clearly disclose, being below described in detail, and seeing also accompanying drawing and part numbers.
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of erecting tools of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be with erecting tools of the present invention with the use of the schematic perspective view of connector;
Fig. 3 is the state diagram that erecting tools of the present invention and connector complete location;
Fig. 4 is that connector is connected with hub seat the state diagram put in place by erecting tools of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
First by reference to the accompanying drawings, of the present invention protected erecting tools is first disclosed.
Refer to Fig. 1, the invention provides a kind of horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools 100, comprising: portal frame 11, the column of its both sides is slide rail 111; Be positioned at the docking hydraulic cylinder leg 12 in the middle part of described portal frame 11, slide and be arranged between described two slide rails 111, the mechanism realizing sliding function of support 12 can be the slide block being positioned at support two ends; Docking hydraulic cylinder 13, its one end is arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder leg 12, and the other end extends away from described portal frame 11, and the direction of extension is perpendicular to the plane at described portal frame 11 place; In order to drive the orientation direction mechanism of a horizontal bush formula connector 200, be arranged at described docking hydraulic cylinder 13 two ends; A pair locked hydraulic cylinder 14, correspondence is arranged at the both sides of described portal frame 11, cylinder body axis and the described Boring mill line parallel docking hydraulic cylinder 13 of this locked hydraulic cylinder 14; Each described locked hydraulic cylinder 14 is provided with in the termination of cylinder bar to drive described horizontal bush formula connector 200 to lock the locking actuator 141 of a manifold connection hub seat 300, as Fig. 3.
Preferably, described docking hydraulic cylinder leg 12 has the second slide rail 121, and the setting direction of this second slide rail 121 is simultaneously perpendicular to described portal frame slide rail 111 and described docking hydraulic cylinder 13; Described one end of described docking hydraulic cylinder 13 can translationally be arranged on this second slide rail 12.By the setting of the second slide rail 12, make erecting tools 100 can adjust the spacing of docking hydraulic cylinder 13 and locked hydraulic cylinder 14, after docking hydraulic cylinder 13 is located by orientation direction mechanism and hub seat 300 and connector 200, by the position of adjustment docking hydraulic cylinder 13 on docking hydraulic cylinder leg 12, namely adjustable a pair locked hydraulic cylinder 14 and the relative position of the docking section of horizontal bush formula connector 200, be beneficial to described locking actuator 141 and be fixed on fast and accurately on this docking section.Certainly, the present invention, not as limit, also can not arrange the second slide rail, and is directly fixed on docking hydraulic cylinder leg by described one end of docking hydraulic cylinder, but very high by the coupling requirement of this scheme to erecting tools and connector docking section, be unfavorable for the processing cost of control appliance.
Preferably, the first guide sleeve 151 that described orientation direction mechanism comprises cylinder bar 131 termination being arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder 13 and the second guide sleeve 152 be arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder leg 12, wherein, this second guide sleeve 152 is positioned on the extended line of the axis of described docking hydraulic cylinder 13; Described first guide sleeve 151 and the second guide sleeve 152 are connected to described manifold and are connected hub seat 300 and described horizontal bush formula connector 200.Locate with hub seat 300 and connector 200 fixing respectively by docking hydraulic cylinder 13 two ends, when docking hydraulic cylinder 13 and compressing, connector 200 can be driven near hub seat 300 by these two guide sleeve 151,152, and produce docking.The fixed form of 2 fully simplifies the complexity of erecting tools structure and makes driving simpler, but also simplifies corresponding guide on hub seat and connector, is beneficial to very much the manufacturing cost controlling whole system.Certainly, erecting tools of the present invention also can use other fixed form, as long as all position with hub seat and connector, and can transmission of drive force make connector to the motion of hub seat whereby, just should be included in protection scope of the present invention.
Preferably, described a pair locked hydraulic cylinder 14 is individually fixed in the bottom of two slide rails 111 of described portal frame 11, with the sliding distance providing docking hydraulic cylinder leg 12 enough on slide rail 111.
Preferably, a pair fixture block of described locking actuator 141 for being oppositely arranged of described a pair locked hydraulic cylinder 14.The configuration of fixture block corresponds to the flange of the docking section of connector 200, so can firmly grasp this flange from both sides, so that the driving force of locked hydraulic cylinder is passed to docking section, and makes docking section towards the male wheel hub motion of hub seat locking hub seat.
Secondly, by reference to the accompanying drawings 2, disclose with erecting tools of the present invention with the use of connector.
First it should be noted that, hereinafter, all directions upwards all refer to when connector is transferred to time under water, and towards the direction of the water surface, and all downward directions all refer to towards the direction in seabed.On this basis, the term " both sides " of all references all refers in the plane vertical with the axial direction of manifold joint, perpendicular to the both sides in above-mentioned direction up and down.
Refer to shown in Fig. 2, a kind of horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold 200, comprising: main body 21, has the passage 210 run through for manifold in the middle part of it; Described main body 21 has docking section 22 in one end (connecting one end of hub seat towards manifold) of its passage 210, and docking section 22 is provided with claw 23, and claw 23 connects the male wheel hub 31(of hub seat 300 as Fig. 2 in order to grab unification manifold), be provided with sealing ring 231 in claw 23; Be set in parallel in described main body 21 both sides, carrying support the support arm 24 of this main body 21; Described support arm 24 is provided with guiding mechanism to locate to make the relatively described manifold of described connector 200 connect hub seat 300; Fixedly to set up on two support arms 24 and the arch housing 25 that described main body 21 can be accommodated therein, described housing 25 offers rail groove 251 in the both sides of described main body 21, and described main body 21 moves along the direction parallel with the bearing of trend of described support arm 24 by this rail groove 251; Be arranged at the guide on the docking section 22 of described main body 21, locate for erecting tools 100 of the present invention and draw described docking section 22 and move to described manifold connection hub seat 300, as shown in Figure 3.
Preferably, the promotion part 222 that docking section 22 has sleeve part 221 and part is arranged in sleeve part 221, energy relative sleeve portion 221 carries out piston movement of described main body 21, the position that this sleeve part 221 is being exposed in this promotion part 222 has protruded out flange 223 to outer circumferential, promote this promotion part 222 for described erecting tools 100 to move along the relative sleeve portion, direction 221 connecting hub seat 300 near described manifold, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4.Being arranged to docking section 22 to have sleeve part 221 and the piston structure of promotion part 222 is to be pushed to docking section 22 at erecting tools 100 after manifold is connected hub seat 300, carrying out locking operation to the male wheel hub 31 of hub seat 300 and the female wheel hub of claw 23.When docking section 22 is a cylindrical conformation, the flange 223 of promotion part 222 can be an annular shoulder, as shown in Figure 2, also can be the protuberance of the symmetry of the two ends setting of certain special diameter in promotion part.This flange 223 can be clamped by the locking actuator 141 of erecting tools 100 of the present invention.
Please consult Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 in the lump again, described guiding mechanism has the lead 241 being positioned at each support arm 24 and connecting one end of hub seat 300 near described manifold, and from the locating cone 242 that the downside of each support arm 24 protrudes out downwards, described connector 200 by each this lead 241 and respectively this locating cone 242 be connected hub seat 300 with described manifold and locate, as Fig. 3.The gathering sill 32 that described manifold connection hub seat 300 has two longitudinal directions supplies respectively this lead 241 to stretch into, and guides this connector 200 to move down along the relative hub seat 300 of this gathering sill 32; And when moving down into the end, each locating cone 242 be able to stretch in the locating cone groove 33 of hub seat 300 correspondence, the accurate locating effect to provide connector 200 stable.
Preferably, described connector 200 is provided with pulley 211 in the both sides of described main body 21, and the pulley 211 of described both sides embeds in the rail groove 251 of described housing 25 both sides respectively.The pulley 211 of connector body 21 has the function of weight on support arm 24 of carrying main body 21, and the relative position of main body 21 and support arm 24 can be kept, simultaneously when connector 200 docks the operation of manifold 400, the frictional resistance of main body 21 opposed support structure 24 and housing 25 can be reduced.
Preferably, described connector 200 is provided with two pulleys 211 in each compartment of terrain, both sides of described main body 21.Amounted to the location of four pulleys by both sides, namely coplanar four point positioning, main body 21 can firmly be remained on support arm 24.
Preferably, the described guide of described main body 21 comprises the guiding stake 212 upwards protruded out from the upper surface of described main body 21, described housing 25 is to the position of stake 212 should be guided to offer the guiding channel 250 connecting hub seat 300 towards described manifold, one end of described guiding stake 212 is through this guiding channel 250, and extend to outside described housing 25, locate for described erecting tools 100 and draw.Described erecting tools 100 is provided with guide sleeve to guiding stake 212, and guide sleeve can be inserted and guide in stake 212, then passes through the driving of erecting tools 100, just by guiding stake 212 elongated body 21 near described hub seat 300, as Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.
Preferably, the reverse side that described housing 25 connects hub seat 300 at described guiding channel 250 towards described manifold is provided with the spud pile 252 upwards protruded out, and described main body 21 can via the locking cap 253(that be located on described guiding stake 212 and described spud pile 252 as shown in cuboid dotted line in Fig. 2), lock relative position with described housing 25.When connector 200 does not also drop to the precalculated position of hub seat 300, require that main body 21 will be arranged in the state of housing 25 always, now the relative position of main body 21 with housing 25 can be locked by locking cap 253.
Preferably, described main body 21 is also provided with the dash receiver 26 of described erecting tools 100 in its both sides, to provide the support to erecting tools 100.The setting position of dash receiver 26 is defined as: after erecting tools 100 and connector 200 complete location, dash receiver be able to provide the support of the erecting tools locked hydraulic cylinder matched with flange 223, as shown in Figure 3.
Preferably, the docking section 22 of described main body 21 is provided with conical surface retaining mechanism 27 on this sleeve part 221, when sleeve part 221 is shifted out to the direction that described manifold connects hub seat 300 in this promotion part 222, this conical surface retaining mechanism 27 can lock the relative position of this promotion part 222 and this sleeve part 221.Wherein, described conical surface retaining mechanism 27 has a square cone and a lock bolt, one end of square cone is resisted against on this promotion part 222, and lock bolt is locked by screwing in sleeve part 221, after terminating to prevent manifold butt-joint operation, the promotion part 222 caused because of accidental shock load loosens and claw 23 locking inefficacy.
Preferably, the both sides, top of described housing 25 have lifting rope shackle 254.By rationally arranging the position of lifting rope shackle 254, when transferring this connector 200 to deep-sea, the connector suspended in midair by lifting rope can be transferred with attitude more stably.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 3 and 4 in detail, method of operating of the present invention is described in detail:
1. transfer connector and locate with hub seat
Above the hub seat 300 of first being transferred connector 200 to seabed by lifting rope, two leads 241 of device 200 to be connected enter into two gathering sills 32 of hub seat 300 respectively accordingly, continue to transfer connector 200, until two locating cones 242 bottom connector 200 are locked in two locating cone grooves 33 of hub seat 300 respectively, complete the location of connector 200 and hub seat.
2. remove the locking of connector
ROV(underwater robot) untie lifting rope, regained sea; Then ROV removes the locking cap 253 on connector 200 top, and is recovered in work basket, and now the main body 21 of connector 200 and housing 25 unlock, and main body 21 enters the state preparing docking; Last ROV uses secondary locking instrument to remove the locking of the docking section 22 of connector 200.
3. transfer erecting tools and locate with connector and hub seat
First erecting tools is recovered to initial position, ROV takes out erecting tools 100 and is placed on above connector 200 and hub seat 300 from work basket, by adjustment docking hydraulic cylinder 13, first guide sleeve 151 of erecting tools 100 is aimed at the guide pile 34 of hub seat 300 afterwards, the guiding stake 212 of the second guide sleeve 152 alignment connector 200 is inserted in chimeric respectively, to complete the location of erecting tools, last ROV discharges erecting tools 100, and two of erecting tools 100 locked hydraulic cylinders 14 together with portal frame 11 together because Action of Gravity Field is glided by the slide block of slide rail along docking hydraulic cylinder leg 12 two ends, until two of erecting tools 100 locked hydraulic cylinders 14 slide to down the dash receiver 26 of connector 200 respectively, now the locking actuator 141 of locked hydraulic cylinder 14 termination be able to be stuck on the flange 223 of the docking section 22 of connector 200.The state completing erecting tools, connector and hub seat location is shown in Figure 3.
4. connector and the docking of hub seat
First the contraction that docking hydraulic cylinder 13 carries out cylinder bar 131 is started, because hub seat 300 one end is fixing, so docking hydraulic cylinder 13 can shift to hub seat 300 with erecting tools 100 entirety, again because the second guide sleeve 152 fit guides stake 212, make the main body 21 of connector 200 also together with the housing 25 being drawn out connector, and move along the direction of rail groove 251 to hub seat 300, until the female wheel hub face of claw 23 engages with the male wheel hub face of hub seat 300; Start the release that a pair locked hydraulic cylinder 14 carries out cylinder bar afterwards, the promotion part 222 of connector 200 can be released by the locking actuator 141 of cylinder masthead end from the sleeve part 221 of docking section 22, completes claw 23 and locks with the male wheel hub 31 of hub seat 300.The state of having docked refers to Fig. 4.
5. use ROV to regain erecting tools
ROV catches the portal frame 11 of erecting tools 100, because now each guide sleeve is also in and is combined fixing state with each stake, so first the portal frame 11 of erecting tools can be raised along slide rail, make locked hydraulic cylinder 14 depart from the dash receiver 26 of connector 200, lock actuator 141 simultaneously and depart from flange 223; When the slide rail bottom row of portal frame 11 is to the slide position of support 12, each guide sleeve 151,152 of docking hydraulic cylinder 13 departs from guide pile 34 and guiding stake 212 respectively, completes the disengaging completely of erecting tools, is then recovered in work basket by erecting tools.
6. docking section locking
Use ROV that lock bolt is locked sleeve part 221, the relative position of fixing promotion part 222 and sleeve part 221.So far deep water manifold abutting joint is complete, can carry out the subsequent steps such as sealing test by ROV.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, the usual change that those skilled in the art carries out within the scope of technical solution of the present invention and replacement all should be included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools, is characterized in that, comprising:
Portal frame, the column of its both sides is slide rail;
Be positioned at the docking hydraulic cylinder leg in the middle part of described portal frame, slide and to be arranged at described in two between slide rail;
Docking hydraulic cylinder, its one end is arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder leg, and the other end extends away from described portal frame, and the direction of extension is perpendicular to the plane at described portal frame place;
In order to drive the orientation direction mechanism of a horizontal bush formula connector, be arranged at described docking hydraulic cylinder two ends;
A pair locked hydraulic cylinder, correspondence is arranged at the described both sides of described portal frame, cylinder body axis and the described Boring mill line parallel docking hydraulic cylinder of this locked hydraulic cylinder; Each described locked hydraulic cylinder is provided with in the termination of cylinder bar to drive described horizontal bush formula connector locking one manifold to connect the locking actuator of hub seat.
2. erecting tools according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described docking hydraulic cylinder leg has the second slide rail, and the setting direction of this second slide rail is simultaneously perpendicular to described portal frame slide rail and described docking hydraulic cylinder; Described one end of described docking hydraulic cylinder can translationally be arranged on this second slide rail.
3. erecting tools according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, the first guide sleeve that described orientation direction mechanism comprises the cylinder rod end head being arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder and the second guide sleeve be arranged on described docking hydraulic cylinder leg, wherein, this second guide sleeve is positioned on the extended line of the axis of described docking hydraulic cylinder; Described first guide sleeve and the second guide sleeve are connected to described manifold and are connected hub seat and described horizontal bush formula connector.
4. erecting tools according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described a pair locked hydraulic cylinder is individually fixed in the bottom of two slide rails of described portal frame.
5. erecting tools according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the described locking actuator of described a pair locked hydraulic cylinder is a pair fixture block be oppositely arranged.
CN201310466977.8A 2013-10-09 2013-10-09 Horizontal sleeve type connector for deep water manifold erecting tools Active CN103510896B (en)

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CN105587279B (en) * 2016-01-28 2018-03-30 太仓市高泰机械有限公司 A kind of pipeline slides mode manifold
CN106761509A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-05-31 中国石油大学(北京) The vertical production tree installation tool of deep water
CN106988708A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-07-28 中国海洋石油总公司 Valve group sledge and its installation method being directly connected to extra large pipe under water
CN113236861A (en) * 2021-03-26 2021-08-10 海洋石油工程股份有限公司 Be applied to instrument of drawing near of connector under water

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