CN103498509A - Steel structure combined column system and connecting method thereof - Google Patents

Steel structure combined column system and connecting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103498509A
CN103498509A CN201310439514.2A CN201310439514A CN103498509A CN 103498509 A CN103498509 A CN 103498509A CN 201310439514 A CN201310439514 A CN 201310439514A CN 103498509 A CN103498509 A CN 103498509A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel work
coupled column
work coupled
post
column
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CN201310439514.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张跃
Original Assignee
张跃
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Priority to CN201310439514.2A priority Critical patent/CN103498509A/en
Publication of CN103498509A publication Critical patent/CN103498509A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/30Columns; Pillars; Struts
    • E04C3/32Columns; Pillars; Struts of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/02Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units
    • E04B5/14Load-carrying floor structures formed substantially of prefabricated units with beams or girders laid in two directions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2418Details of bolting
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2445Load-supporting elements with reinforcement at the connection point other than the connector
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2448Connections between open section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2451Connections between closed section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2454Connections between open and closed section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2457Beam to beam connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/246Post to post connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2466Details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2481Details of wall panels

Abstract

The invention relates to a steel structure combined column system and a connecting method of the steel structure combined column system. The steel structure combined column system is formed by connecting a plurality of steel structure combined columns, and the steel structure combined columns comprise columns and beams. The steel structure combined column system has the advantages of being capable of being produced in a pre-fabricated mode, fast in on-site assembly, little in garbage on construction site and high in anti-seismic property and saving material.

Description

Steel work coupled column system and attaching method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of buildings, be specifically related to a kind of steel work coupled column system.
Background technology
After 20th century several years, China's urban housing construction was with 4.4 hundred million square metres of annual completed floor spaces, the construction fast development of the gross output value 6,000 hundred million yuan (accounting for GDP9%), and housing industry becomes the new growth point that national economy is recorded Miocene Epoch.Realize modernization of the housing industry, solve in current dwelling construction and exist industrialized level low, the component rate is low and house is of low grade with material, and the life-span is low, and the solid clay brick energy consumption is high, is unfavorable for the problems such as environmental protection, has been put into new century problem anxious to be resolved.
In the world, U.S. designer and structure teacher pay much attention to Study on Steel structure building system and durability, practicality and economy, and European brainstrust proposes, and the steel building system possesses the condition of green building, is conducive to protection of the environment, energy conservation.They think that metal construction building has good spatial impression, can realize the planning of innovation and spatial design, building.
Because steel building has the following advantages: save the engineering time greatly (1), and construction is not subject to seasonal effect; (2) increase the residence space usable floor area, reduce building waste and environment pollution; (3) constructional materials can reuse, and pulls the development of other building material industries; (4) anti-seismic performance is good, is easy to transformation, flexible in use, to the people, brings comfort etc.The utilization of steel building on highrise building at present is increasingly mature, becomes gradually the construction process of main flow.
The patent of invention " building frame construction " that on November 12nd, 2008, the disclosed patent No. was 200810110625.8, a kind of building frame construction with column piece, crossbeam and cross support is disclosed, described column piece is to be fitted together and formed by a plurality of elongated angle-iron-like components, wherein angle-iron-like components by a plurality of separators separately, form a plurality of grooves between separator and angle bar section, the central-web of described crossbeam all is inserted into described groove formation with cross support and is connected, and many column pieces, crossbeam and cross supports are connected to each other and have formed whole building frame like this.The column piece of this building frame construction is assembled by a plurality of angle-iron-like components, and separate with separator, there are the shortcomings such as complex structure, cost of manufacture is high, the time is long, and need when mounted the central-web of crossbeam and cross support all are inserted in the groove of column piece and are connected with bolt, because groove is narrower, be difficult for aiming at.During construction hoisting, crane, in work high above the ground, is wanted smoothly the central-web of crossbeam and cross support all are inserted in the groove of column piece under constructor's help at the scene, very difficult, speed of application is slow, efficiency of construction is low, and in hoisting process, very easily collision deformation.In addition, in architectural practice, column piece with can form stable frame construction after crossbeam is connected, also adopt cross support, not only increased building costs, and increased the construction and installation difficulty, also limited the utilization of architectural space.
The application for a patent for invention that April 1, disclosed number of patent application was 200810181420.9 in 2009, a kind of hexagon honeycomb building frame that strengthens the Antiseismic building performance is disclosed, this building frame construction comprises honeycomb column, honeycomb cant beam, honeycomb parallel girder, the plane elementary cell of building is hexagon, the beam that is parallel to building is the honeycomb parallel girder, the beam that connects the honeycomb parallel girder is the honeycomb cant beam, and described honeycomb parallel girder and honeycomb cant beam form hexagon cellular.Hexagon honeycomb building frame is compared with the building with rectangular framework, and it is many that constructional materials used is wanted, and it is large that difficulty of construction is wanted, and it is high that building costs is wanted.While constructing at the scene, between honeycomb column, honeycomb cant beam, honeycomb parallel girder, lifting installation connection request is high, and speed is slow, efficiency is low., prove by experiment, hexagon honeycomb building frame is high unlike the shock strength of building with rectangular framework simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
But the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of factory normalization production, Assembling, saving of work and time, without building waste, speed of application is fast, anti-seismic performance is high steel work coupled column system.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical programs:
Steel work coupled column system is formed by connecting by a plurality of steel work coupled columns, and described steel work coupled column comprises post, beam, and described post is provided with beam, and described beam is positioned at the both sides of post or three sides, four sides, six sides.
Further, described post is shaped as rectangle or C type, H type, T-shaped, cross, circular.
Described beam is fixed on beam by welding or bolted mode.
Described beam is individual layer, two-layer or multilayer, becomes flat bed or staggered floor to be arranged on post.
Described steel work coupled column is provided with the floor Connection Block, and described floor Connection Block can be holder or sliding seat.
Further, described sliding seat is comprised of axis of rotation, pedestal, and described axis of rotation is arranged on the steel work coupled column through pedestal, and described pedestal can rotate around axis of rotation.Described pedestal consists of vertical panel and level board, and the bolt contiguous block is installed on described vertical panel, on described level board, has opened bolt connecting hole.
Described steel work coupled column is provided with the exterior wall Connection Block.
Further, described exterior wall Connection Block is comprised of left sliding seat, right sliding seat and supporting seat, described supporting seat is installed on the steel work coupled column, described left sliding seat, right retractable seat are in the supporting seat top, and be bolted on supporting seat, be provided with heat insulating mattress between described left sliding seat, right sliding seat and supporting seat, described left sliding seat, right sliding seat top have bolt hole.
The post two ends of described steel work coupled column are provided with a plurality of connecting holes, and the end of described beam also is provided with a plurality of connecting holes, between steel work coupled column and steel work coupled column, can be interconnected into up and down a whole skeleton, and connecting hole all can coincide.
Between described steel work coupled column and steel work coupled column, be interconnected by the end of beam in the horizontal direction, in the vertical direction is interconnected by the end of post, and connected mode can be that bolt connects, welds or riveted joint.
Described steel work coupled column system links together by the following method, and its step comprises:
A. first the lower end of a steel work coupled column is fixed by bolts on basis;
B. will need again another steel work coupled column laid parallel of assembling splicing, the beam of correspondence position on two steel work coupled columns is aligned with each other, the end face of two beams is coincide mutually, more firmly connect by the mode of bolt or welding;
C. repeat above B step, all steel work coupled columns that the building first floor is required are connected to each other together, have just formed the rectangle square formation steel work coupled column system of first floor;
D., second layer steel work coupled column system is installed above first floor again: by the end consistency from top to bottom of the steel work coupled column of second layer steel work coupled column and first floor correspondence position, the end face of two posts is coincide mutually, more firmly connect by the mode of bolt or welding;
E. the steel work coupled column of the second layer is connected between mutually, the method for attachment step is identical with the interconnected method step B of first floor steel work coupled column again;
F. repeat method and the step of B~E, then install the 3rd layer on the second layer, the more steel work coupled column on upper strata is installed on the 3rd layer, just formed whole steel work coupled column system.
Technique effect of the present invention is as follows:
(1) steel work coupled column system of the present invention is formed by connecting by a plurality of steel work coupled columns, be interconnected into up and down a whole skeleton between the steel work coupled column, compare with other building framework, have that simple in structure, Assembling is convenient, speed of application is fast, anti-seismic performance is high, without advantages such as sewage and dust, material can reuse.
(2) steel work coupled column of the present invention adopts standardized production in factory, adopts unified size and manufacture craft, carries out effective mass control, advantages such as having reliable in quality, save material, production efficiency is high, condition of labor is good.
(3) steel work coupled column of the present invention is provided with floor Connection Block and exterior wall Connection Block, available bolt is connected with building objects such as floor, Vierendeel girder or bodies of wall easily, while constructing at the scene, the workman only need tight a bolt, labour intensity is low, construction speed is fast, efficiency is high, is the combined modular construction.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The structural representation of the steel work coupled column system that Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention 1.
The structural representation that Fig. 2 is the steel work coupled column in embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is connection diagram in the horizontal direction between steel work coupled column of the present invention and steel work coupled column.
Fig. 4 is A place partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 3.
The connection diagram that Fig. 5 is in the vertical direction between steel work coupled column of the present invention and steel work coupled column.
Fig. 6 is B place partial enlarged drawing in Fig. 5.
The structural representation that Fig. 7 is the steel work coupled column in embodiment 2.
The structural representation that Fig. 8 is the steel work coupled column in embodiment 3.
The structural representation that Fig. 9 is the steel work coupled column in embodiment 4.
The structural representation that Figure 10 is the steel work coupled column in embodiment 5.
Figure 11 is holder and the sliding seat schematic diagram of installing on the steel work coupled column.
Figure 12 is the exterior wall Connection Block schematic diagram of installing on the steel work coupled column.
Figure 13 is C place enlarged drawing in Figure 12.
In accompanying drawing: 1-steel work coupled column, 2-post, 3-beam, 4-bolt, 5-plintlet, 6-big clamp plate, 7-flange, 8-holder, 9-sliding seat, 10-axis of rotation, 11-bolt contiguous block, 12-vertical panel, 13-level board, 14-exterior wall, 15-exterior wall Connection Block, 16-left sliding seat, 17-right sliding seat, 18-heat insulating mattress, 19-supporting seat.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, steel work coupled column system is comprised of a plurality of steel work coupled columns 1, between steel work coupled column 1, by bolt, is interconnected into an integral body.With the building framework of steel concrete, compare, the whole skeleton that steel work coupled column system forms has that speed of application is fast, anti-seismic performance is high, without sewage and dust, material, the advantage such as can reuse.
As shown in Figure 2, steel work coupled column 1 is comprised of post 2 and beam 3, and the both sides of post 2 are equipped with beam 3, beam 3 be symmetrical install or arranged in dislocation in the both sides of post 2, described beam 3 is fixedly mounted on post 2 by welding or bolted mode.Described post 2 adopts i iron to make, and is shaped as " work " font, and the two ends up and down of post 2 are equipped with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 is also to adopt i iron to make, and an end of described beam 3 is connected on post 2, and the other end is provided with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 is individual layer, two-layer or multilayer, becomes flat bed or staggered floor to be arranged on post 2.
As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of steel work coupled columns 1 are connected with bolt mutually, just formed steel work coupled column system, i.e. the basic framework of building.Between described steel work coupled column 1 and steel work coupled column 1, be interconnected by the end of beam 3 in the horizontal direction, in the vertical direction is interconnected by the end of post 2, and connected mode is that bolt connects.
It is as follows that steel work coupled column system is adopted bolted concrete method of attachment:
(1) first the lower end of a steel work coupled column 1 is fixed by bolts on basis.
(2) will need again another steel work coupled column 1 laid parallel of assembling splicing, beam 3 use bolts 4 and the plintlet 5 of correspondence position on two steel work coupled columns 1 will be connected to each other.Concrete connected mode as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, the beam 3 of correspondence position on two steel work coupled columns 1 is aligned with each other, the end face of two beams 3 is coincide mutually, with two big clamp plates 6, the web of beam 3 is clamped from two sides again, the bolt hole of big clamp plate 6 is alignd with the bolt hole on web, by bolt 4 inserting bolt holes, load onto bullet pad, plain cushion and nut fastening, use torque spanner when fastening, make fastening moment reach the numerical value of designing requirement.Adopting identical method and principle is fastened on plintlet 5 on the wing plate of beam 3.
(3) repeat above step, all steel work coupled columns 1 that the building first floor is required are connected to each other together, have just formed the rectangle square formation steel work coupled column system of first floor.
(4) second layer steel work coupled column 1 is installed above first floor again, is made the steel work coupled column 1 of the second layer and steel work coupled column 1 consistency from top to bottom of first floor, post 2 and post 2, beam 3 and beam 3 are all in same plane.
(5) connected mode of post 2 and post 2 as shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, end consistency from top to bottom by second layer steel work coupled column 1 with the steel work coupled column 1 of first floor correspondence position, the end face of two posts 2 is coincide mutually, with two big clamp plates 6, the web of post 2 is clamped from two sides again, the bolt hole that makes big clamp plate 6 aligns with the bolt hole on the web of post 2, by in bolt 4 inserting bolt holes, load onto bullet pad, plain cushion and nut fastening, use torque spanner when fastening, make fastening moment reach the numerical value of designing requirement.Adopting identical method and principle is fastened on plintlet 5 on the wing plate of post 2.
(6) the steel work coupled column of the second layer 1 is connected between mutually, method of attachment is identical with first floor again.
(7) repeat above method, then install the 3rd layer, the 4th layer on the second layer ..., just formed whole steel work coupled column system, i.e. the basic framework of building.
Certainly, the connected mode between above steel work coupled column 1 also can adopt the mode of welding or riveted joint to connect, or mixing connected mode with bolts, that weld and rivet.With other steel work systems, compare, that the present invention has is simple in structure, member can be in factory's internal standardization batch production, that the site operation workload is little, assembling is aimed at is convenient, speed of application is fast, without advantages such as building waste and sewage, the feature of environmental protection are good, through seismic testing, prove, steel work coupled column system of the present invention can resist the above earthquake of 9 degree.
Embodiment 2
Steel work coupled column system is comprised of a plurality of steel work coupled columns 1, be interconnected into an integral body by bolt up and down between steel work coupled column 1, it is characterized in that: as shown in Figure 7, steel work coupled column 1 is comprised of post 2 and beam 3, four sides all around of post 2 all are equipped with beam 3, and described beam 3 is arranged on post 2 by welding or bolted mode symmetry.Described post 2 adopts rectangular steel pipe to make, and the two ends up and down of post 2 are equipped with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 is also to adopt rectangular steel pipe to make, and an end of described beam 3 is fixed on post 2 by the mode of welding, and the other end of beam 3 is provided with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 is two-layer, becomes the flat bed mode to be fixed on post 2.Certainly, described beam 3 also can be designed as single or multiple lift, becomes flat bed or staggered floor to be arranged on post 2.
The connected mode of assembling steel work coupled column system is as follows: during two parallel connections of steel work coupled column 1, first by two beam 3 couplings aligned with each other that steel work coupled column 1 is corresponding, make four faces of rectangular steel pipe concordant mutually, again clamping plate are placed on four joint faces, make the bolt hole of the bolt hole of clamping plate and beam 3 ends aligned with each other, then together with the end of the beam of two steel work coupled columns 13 being connected to each other with backing plate with bolt, form the tie-beam of an integral body, it is characterized in that, the link position of described tie-beam is in the middle part of tie-beam.When two steel work coupled columns 1 connect up and down, first by the post of two steel work coupled columns 12 coupling aligned with each other, make the end of post 2 aligned with each other, together with then the end of two posts 2 being connected to each other with clamping plate with bolt.
As stated above, a plurality of steel work coupled columns 1 are linked together, just formed steel work coupled column system, i.e. the basic framework of building.Certainly, the connected mode between above steel work coupled column 1 also can adopt the mode of welding or riveted joint to connect, or mixing connected mode with bolts, that weld and rivet.
Embodiment 3
Steel work coupled column system is comprised of a plurality of steel work coupled columns 1, between steel work coupled column 1, is interconnected into an integral body by bolt up and down.As shown in Figure 8, it is characterized in that: described steel work coupled column 1 is comprised of post 2 and beam 3, and three sides of post 2 all are equipped with beam 3, and described beam 3 is that the mode by welding is arranged on post 2.Described post 2 adopts T-steel to make, and the two ends up and down of post 2 are equipped with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 adopts rectangular tube to make, and an end of described beam 3 is fixed on post 2 by the mode of welding, and the other end of beam 3 is provided with the flange 7 that connects use, and described flange 7 is provided with bolt hole.Certainly, in actual applications, the other end of beam 3 also can not managed orchid 7, during connection, directly adopts welding manner to connect.
The connected mode of assembling steel work coupled column system is as follows: during two parallel connections of steel work coupled column 1, first by two beam 3 couplings aligned with each other that steel work coupled column 1 is corresponding, with bolt, the flange 7 of beam 3 ends is connected to each other again, make two corresponding beams 3 form the tie-beam of an integral body, it is characterized in that, the link position of described tie-beam is in the middle part of tie-beam.When two steel work coupled columns 1 connect up and down, first by the post of two steel work coupled columns 12 coupling aligned with each other, make the bolt hole alignment of the flange 7 of post 2 ends, then with bolt, the flange 7 of post 2 ends is connected to each other.
As stated above, a plurality of steel work coupled columns 1 are linked together, just formed steel work coupled column system, i.e. the basic framework of building.Certainly, the connected mode between above steel work coupled column 1 also can adopt the mode of welding or riveted joint to connect, or mixing connected mode with bolts, that weld and rivet.
Embodiment 4
Steel work coupled column system is comprised of a plurality of steel work coupled columns 1, between steel work coupled column 1, is interconnected into an integral body by bolt up and down.As shown in Figure 9, steel work coupled column 1 is comprised of post 2 and beam 3, the left and right sides of post 2 all is equipped with beam 3, and described beam 3 is that mode arranged in dislocation by welding is on post 2.Described post 2 adopts round steel pipe to make, and the two ends up and down of post 2 are equipped with the flange 7 that connects use, and described flange 7 is provided with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 is also to adopt round steel pipe to make, and an end of described beam 3 is fixed on post 2 by the mode of welding, and the other end of beam 3 is provided with the flange 7 that connects use, and described flange 7 is provided with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 is two-layer, becomes split level style to be fixed on post 2.
Embodiment 5
Steel work coupled column system is comprised of a plurality of steel work coupled columns 1, between steel work coupled column 1, is interconnected into an integral body by bolt up and down.As shown in figure 10, described steel work coupled column 1 is comprised of post 2 and beam 3, and described post 2 adopts rectangle steel to make, and the two ends up and down of post 2 are equipped with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 adopts i iron to make, and an end of described beam 3 is fixed on post 2 by the mode of welding, and the other end of beam 3 is provided with the bolt hole that connects use.Described beam 3 is eight, is divided into two-layerly, is symmetrically welded at four sides of post 2.Every layer of four beam 3 are orthogonal, become the flat bed mode to be fixed on post 2.
Embodiment 6
Steel work coupled column system is comprised of a plurality of steel work coupled columns 11, and described steel work coupled column 1 is comprised of post 2 and beam 3, between steel work coupled column 1, by bolt, with the connected mode of mixing of welding, forms an integral body.It is characterized in that: as shown in figure 11, described steel work coupled column 1 is provided with the floor Connection Block, and described floor Connection Block is holder 8 and sliding seat 9, for installing on steel work coupled column system and fixing floor, be convenient to the Assembling location, improve efficiency of construction.Described sliding seat 9 is comprised of axis of rotation 10, pedestal, and described axis of rotation 10 is arranged on steel work coupled column 1 through pedestal, and described pedestal can be around axis of rotation 10 rotations.Described pedestal consists of vertical panel 12 and level board 13, on described vertical panel 12, bolt contiguous block 11 is installed, and on described level board 13, has opened bolt connecting hole.Sliding seat 9 of the present invention has flexible, the convenient installation of rotation, simple operation and other advantages, when needs application activity seat 9, pedestal can be rotated to installation site and carry out connection; When not needing application activity seat 9, pedestal can be rotated to girder steel 3 inboards of steel work coupled column 1, the position that do not take up space, the convenient connection.
As shown in figure 12, steel work coupled column system is provided with exterior wall Connection Block 15, and the exterior wall 14 need connected can be simply, by bolt, be arranged on steel work coupled column system rapidly.In addition, between exterior wall Connection Block 15 and steel work coupled column system, be provided with heat insulating mattress 18, stop outside heat to import into through exterior wall Connection Block 15 indoor, reach better energy-saving heat preserving effect.
As shown in figure 13, described exterior wall Connection Block 15 is comprised of left sliding seat 16, right sliding seat 17 and supporting seat 19, described supporting seat 19 is installed on steel work coupled column 1, described left sliding seat 16, right sliding seat 17 are positioned at supporting seat 19 tops, and be bolted on supporting seat 19, be provided with heat insulating mattress 18 between described left sliding seat 16, right sliding seat 17 and supporting seat 19.Described left sliding seat 16, right sliding seat 17 tops have bolt hole, for fixed outer wall 14.Exterior wall Connection Block 15 of the present invention has the effect that can simultaneously connect two exterior walls 14, but both fixed outer walls 14 works again to support exterior wall 14.
Due to holder 8, sliding seat 9 and exterior wall Connection Block 15 being installed on steel work coupled column 1 of the present invention, with other building frame, compare, can be better and floor, exterior wall 14 combinations, combine more convenient, more firmly, speed is faster, efficiency is higher.
The post 2 of steel work coupled column 1 of the present invention can also adopt the girder steel of other shapes to form, and the shape of described post 2 can be rectangle or grooved, H type, T-shaped, cross, circular.Described beam 3 can be fixedly mounted on the both sides of post 2 or three sides, four sides, six sides, can install by same layer, and can be also arranged in dislocation between different layers.Connected mode between steel work coupled column 1 also can adopt the mode of welding or riveted joint to connect, or mixing connected mode with bolts, that weld and rivet.
Above embodiment is explanation of the invention, and non-limiting, and more than just part is given an example.Should be noted that, concerning the technician of the industry, simple transformation and the improvement according to basic principle of the present invention and structure, carried out, include within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. steel work coupled column system, it is characterized in that: it is formed by connecting by a plurality of steel work coupled columns, and described steel work coupled column comprises post, beam, and described post is provided with beam, and described beam is positioned at the both sides of post or three sides, four sides, six sides.
2. steel work coupled column system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described post be shaped as rectangle or C type, H type, T-shaped, cross, circular.
3. steel work coupled column system according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described beam is fixed on beam by welding or bolted mode.
4. steel work coupled column system according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described beam is individual layer, two-layer or multilayer, becomes flat bed or staggered floor to be arranged on post.
5. steel work coupled column system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described steel work coupled column is provided with the floor Connection Block, and described floor Connection Block can be holder or sliding seat.
6. steel work coupled column system according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described sliding seat is comprised of axis of rotation, pedestal, and described axis of rotation is arranged on the steel work coupled column through pedestal, and described pedestal can rotate around axis of rotation.
7. described pedestal consists of vertical panel and level board, and the bolt contiguous block is installed on described vertical panel, on described level board, has bolt connecting hole.
8. steel work coupled column system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described steel work coupled column is provided with the exterior wall Connection Block.
9. steel work coupled column system according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described exterior wall Connection Block is comprised of left sliding seat, right sliding seat and supporting seat, described supporting seat is installed on the steel work coupled column, described left sliding seat, right retractable seat are in the supporting seat top, and be bolted on supporting seat, be provided with heat insulating mattress between described left sliding seat, right sliding seat and supporting seat, described left sliding seat, right sliding seat top have bolt hole.
10. steel work coupled column system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the two ends of the post of described steel work coupled column are provided with a plurality of connecting holes, the end of described beam also is provided with a plurality of connecting holes, can be interconnected into up and down a whole skeleton between steel work coupled column and steel work coupled column, connecting hole all can coincide.
11. steel work coupled column system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: between described steel work coupled column and steel work coupled column, be interconnected by the end of beam in the horizontal direction, in the vertical direction is interconnected by the end of post, and connected mode can be that bolt connects, welds or riveted joint.
12. the method for attachment of steel work coupled column system is characterized in that: steel work coupled column system claimed in claim 1 connects by the following method, and its step comprises:
A. first the lower end of a steel work coupled column is fixed by bolts on basis;
B. will need again another steel work coupled column laid parallel of assembling splicing, the beam of correspondence position on two steel work coupled columns is aligned with each other, the end face of two beams is coincide mutually, more firmly connect by the mode of bolt or welding;
C. repeat above B step, all steel work coupled columns that the building first floor is required are connected to each other together, have just formed the rectangle square formation steel work coupled column system of first floor;
D., second layer steel work coupled column system is installed above first floor again: by the end consistency from top to bottom of the steel work coupled column of second layer steel work coupled column and first floor correspondence position, the end face of two posts is coincide mutually, more firmly connect by the mode of bolt or welding;
E. the steel work coupled column of the second layer is connected between mutually, the method for attachment step is identical with the interconnected method step B of first floor steel work coupled column again;
F. repeat method and the step of B~E, then install the 3rd layer on the second layer, the more steel work coupled column on upper strata is installed on the 3rd layer, just formed whole steel work coupled column system.
CN201310439514.2A 2013-09-25 2013-09-25 Steel structure combined column system and connecting method thereof CN103498509A (en)

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