CN103466060A - Oscillating dragging hook capable of taking off cable automatically - Google Patents

Oscillating dragging hook capable of taking off cable automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103466060A
CN103466060A CN201310405280XA CN201310405280A CN103466060A CN 103466060 A CN103466060 A CN 103466060A CN 201310405280X A CN201310405280X A CN 201310405280XA CN 201310405280 A CN201310405280 A CN 201310405280A CN 103466060 A CN103466060 A CN 103466060A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hook
oil cylinder
base
pivot pin
piston rod
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310405280XA
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103466060B (en
Inventor
杨青松
胡勇
候德永
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中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所
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Application filed by 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 filed Critical 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所
Priority to CN201310405280.XA priority Critical patent/CN103466060B/en
Publication of CN103466060A publication Critical patent/CN103466060A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103466060B publication Critical patent/CN103466060B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an oscillating dragging hook capable of taking off a cable automatically. A base is connected with a mounting base of a manned submersible through a bolt hole, the base is connected with a fixed hook through a main pin roll, a cotter is inserted into a hole of the main pin roll so as to fix the main pin roll, a movable hook is connected with the fixed hook through a movable hook shaft pin, when the movable hook rotates around the movable hook shaft pin to the limiting position, the movable hook and the fixed hook form a closed loop so as to sheath the cable, an oil cylinder base and the fixed hook are fixed, an oil cylinder fastening piece and the oil cylinder base are fixed, an oil cylinder rotary shaft is clamped between the oil cylinder base and the oil cylinder fastening piece, an oil cylinder is connected on the oil cylinder rotary shaft and can rotate around the oil cylinder rotary shaft, a piston rod is installed in the oil cylinder, one end of the piston rod and the oil cylinder form an oil cavity, an oil injection tube is communicated with the oil cavity, the other end of the piston rod is connected with the hook through a piston shaft pin, the hook and the movable hook are connected into a whole, and an insurance is connected on the hook through an insurance shaft pin. According to the oscillating dragging hook, when the manned submersible dives, a submariner controls a hydraulic device in a manned cabin so as to enable the hook to take off the cable automatically.

Description

The swingable formula towing of automatic trip cable hook
Technical field
The present invention relates to civilian class deep-sea equipment, be specifically related to be applied to the water surface trailing device of the underwater kit such as manned submersible.
Background technology
When the underwater kits such as manned submersible are put into water and towing condition at cloth, need to be connected with lash ship by hawser, by the lash ship towing, or assist and control the manned submersible direction by hawser.When manned submersible needs dive, need to the frogman be delivered to submersible hook place by speedboat, manually the hawser at manned submersible hook place is laid down, so not only increase production time, also increased operating risk simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of swingable formula towing of automatic trip cable hook that is different from above manual mode hook, when manned submersible needs dive, the aquanaut controls hydraulic efficiency gear in manned capsule can realize linking up with the automatic trip cable.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
The swingable formula towing of automatic trip cable hook, comprise base, stub axle, spring cotter, determine hook, move the hook pivot pin, move hook, hawser, insurance pivot pin, insurance, piston pivot pin, piston rod, the first bolt, oiling tube, oil cylinder, oil cylinder rotating shaft, oil cylinder connecting plate, cylinder pedestal, the second bolt and hook;
Base is connected with manned submersible mounting base bolt by bolt hole; The otic placode with holes of base is connected by the stub axle with the otic placode with holes of determining hook, in the hole of spring cotter insertion stub axle, the stub axle is fixed, and determines hook and can rotate around the stub axle; Moving hook with determine hook and be connected by moving hook pivot pin, but move the rotation of hook moving hook pivot pin, when moving hook turns to end position and determine the hook-forming closed-loop, entangle hawser;
Cylinder pedestal by the second bolt with determine hook and fix, the oil cylinder connecting plate is fixed by the first bolt and cylinder pedestal, the oil cylinder rotating shaft is clamped between cylinder pedestal and oil cylinder connecting plate, oil cylinder is connected in the oil cylinder rotating shaft, oil cylinder can rotate around the oil cylinder rotating shaft; Piston rod is arranged in oil cylinder, and an end of piston rod and oil cylinder form oil pocket, oiling tube and oil pocket UNICOM; The other end of piston rod is connected by the piston pivot pin with hook, and hook connects as one with moving hook; Insurance is connected on hook by the insurance pivot pin.
Useful technique effect of the present invention is:
1) can realize the automatic trip cable of hook by the hydraulic efficiency gear aquanaut in manned capsule, not need the frogman to take off cable at the water surface, save time, reduce operating risk.
2) hooking device has swingable property, contributes to hawser and manned submersible to exist in certain angle situation, keeps hawser and hook to be in same plane, can progressively correct the drift angle of towing cable and manned submersible, reduces the friction of towing cable and hook simultaneously.
3) the de-cable of human assistance is set, lost efficacy at hydraulic efficiency gear, in the time of can not realizing oiling automatic trip cable, can realize that water surface human assistance takes off cable by the frogman.Simultaneously, also can be used as the standby hook of a kind of manual mode of trailing device.
The additional advantage of the present invention provides in specific embodiment description partly below, and part will become obviously from the following description, or recognize by practice of the present invention.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the present invention in the lashed cable state.
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the present invention in de-cable state.
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is hunting range schematic diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described further.
One, structure forms
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the swingable formula of automatic trip cable of the present invention towing hook, by base 1, stub axle 2, spring cotter 3, determine hook 4, moving hook pivot pin 5, moving hook 6, hawser 7, insure pivot pin 8, insure 9, piston pivot pin 10, piston rod 11, the first bolt 12, oiling tube 13, oil cylinder 14, oil cylinder rotating shaft 15, oil cylinder connecting plate 16, cylinder pedestal 17, the second bolt 18 and link up with 20 and form.
See Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, base 1 is provided with bolt hole 19, for base 1 is connected to the manned submersible mounting base.See Fig. 1, the otic placode with holes of base 1 is connected by stub axle 2 with the otic placode with holes of determining hook 4, in the hole of spring cotter 3 insertion stub axles 2, that stub axle 2 is fixing, determines hook 4 and can rotate around stub axle 2.Moving hook 6 with determine hook 4 and be connected by moving hook pivot pin 5, but move hook 6 moving hook pivot pins 5 rotations, when moving hook 6 clockwise rotates end position and determine hook 4 formation closed-loops, entangle hawser 7.
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, cylinder pedestal 17 is connected to and determines hook 4 belows by the second bolt 18, and two oil cylinder connecting plates 16 are connected to cylinder pedestal 17 belows by the first bolt 12, and oil cylinder rotating shaft 15 is clamped between cylinder pedestal 17 and two oil cylinder connecting plates 16.Oil cylinder 14 is connected in oil cylinder rotating shaft 15, and oil cylinder 14 can rotate around oil cylinder rotating shaft 15.Piston rod 11 is arranged in oil cylinder 14, and an end of piston rod 11 and oil cylinder 14 form oil pocket 21, oiling tube 13 and oil pocket 21 UNICOMs; The other end of piston rod 11 is connected by piston pivot pin 10 with hook 20.Hook 20 connects as one with moving hook 6, adopts with a steel plate and makes.Insurance 9 is connected on hook 20 by insurance pivot pin 8.
Two, mounting means and oscillating function are realized
Base 1 of the present invention is connected with manned submersible mounting base bolt by bolt hole 19, links up with so stressed just can being directly delivered on manned submersible, realizes towing.Base 1 otic placode with holes with determine hook 4 otic placode with holes and be connected by stub axle 2, because base 1 is fixing, determine hook 4 and just can rotate around stub axle 2, as shown in Figure 5, realize pulling and link up with swingable function.This function contributes to hawser and manned submersible to exist in certain angle situation, keeps hawser and hook to be in same plane, can progressively correct the angle of towing cable and manned submersible, reduces the friction of towing cable and hook simultaneously.
Three, the lashed cable function realizes
When the present invention is in closure state, moving hook 6 is under piston rod 11 restrictions, and holding position is constant, and moving hook 6 forms closed-loop with determining hook 4, entangles hawser, realizes the lashed cable function, as shown in Figure 1.Why piston rod 11 can limit moving hook 6 positions, because piston rod 11 has certain hydraulic oil with the oil pocket 21 that oil cylinder 14 forms, for vacuum state, and oiling tube 13 does not communicate with atmosphere, barometric pressure meeting automatic impaction piston rod 11 beyond oil pocket 21, thus it is motionless to make piston rod 11 remain on this position.
Four, automatic trip cable function realizes
When the needs hooking device is opened release hawser 7, aquanaut in manned submersible by hydraulic efficiency gear by oiling tube 13 to the interior oiling of oil pocket 21, now oil cylinder 14 and piston rod 11 can be around oil cylinder rotating shaft 15 clickwises, and drive moving hook 6 around moving hook pivot pin 5 left-hand revolutions, oiling is to a certain extent the time, and moving hook 6 is opened with the closed-loop of determine hook 4 formation, and hawser also passive hook 6 ejects, thereby realize the function of automatic trip cable, as shown in Figure 3.
Five, the de-cable of human assistance
When hydraulic efficiency gear lost efficacy, in the time of can not realizing oiling automatic trip cable, the present invention be provided with a kind of can be for the measure of artificial de-cable.This measure needs the frogman to take crew boat to place of the present invention, pulls the hook 20 of moving hook 6 bottoms, under the manpower effect, moving hook 6 is around moving hook pivot pin 5 left-hand revolutions, moving hook 6 forms being opened of closed-loop with determining hook 4, and the same passive hook 6 of hawser ejects, and completes the function of the de-cable of human assistance.In addition, when needed, link up with 20 and the insurance 9 supporting with it also can use as standby hook, now lashed cable and de-cable all need manual operation, with manual mode, link up with identical.
Above-described is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the invention is not restricted to above embodiment.Be appreciated that other improvement and variation that those skilled in the art directly derive without departing from the basic idea of the present invention or associate, within all should thinking and being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the swingable formula towing of automatic trip cable hook is characterized in that: comprise base (1), stub axle (2), spring cotter (3), determine hook (4), moving hook pivot pin (5), moving hook (6), hawser (7), insurance pivot pin (8), insurance (9), piston pivot pin (10), piston rod (11), the first bolt (12), oiling tube (13), oil cylinder (14), oil cylinder rotating shaft (15), oil cylinder connecting plate (16), cylinder pedestal (17), the second bolt (18) and link up with (20);
Base (1) is connected with manned submersible mounting base bolt by bolt hole (19); The otic placode with holes of base (1) is connected by stub axle (2) with the otic placode with holes of determining hook (4), in the hole of spring cotter (3) insertion stub axle (2), that stub axle (2) is fixing, determines hook (4) and can rotate around stub axle (2); Moving hook (6) with determine hook (4) and be connected by moving hook pivot pin (5), move hook (6) but moving hook pivot pin (5) rotation, while turning to end position and determine hook (4) formation closed-loop, entangle hawser (7) when moving hook (6);
Cylinder pedestal (17) passes through the second bolt (18) and determines hook (4) fixing, oil cylinder connecting plate (16) is fixing by the first bolt (12) and cylinder pedestal (17), oil cylinder rotating shaft (15) is clamped between cylinder pedestal (17) and oil cylinder connecting plate (16), it is upper that oil cylinder (14) is connected to oil cylinder rotating shaft (15), and oil cylinder (14) can rotate around oil cylinder rotating shaft (15); Piston rod (11) is arranged in oil cylinder (14), and an end of piston rod (11) and oil cylinder (14) form oil pocket (21), oiling tube (13) and oil pocket (21) UNICOM; The other end of piston rod (11) is connected by piston pivot pin (10) with hook (20), and hook (20) connects as one with moving hook (6); Insurance (9) is connected on hook (20) by insurance pivot pin (8).
CN201310405280.XA 2013-09-06 2013-09-06 Automatically de-cable swingable formula towing hook CN103466060B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201310405280.XA CN103466060B (en) 2013-09-06 2013-09-06 Automatically de-cable swingable formula towing hook

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310405280.XA CN103466060B (en) 2013-09-06 2013-09-06 Automatically de-cable swingable formula towing hook

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CN103466060B CN103466060B (en) 2015-09-30

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103863533A (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-06-18 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Automatic unhooking and hooking device for water entry and exit in deep sea mobile workstation
CN104477773A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-01 中国石油化工股份有限公司 High-altitude immediate-dismounting derrick device
CN111186536A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-22 武昌船舶重工集团有限公司 Towing device and ship equipped with same

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1132710A (en) * 1995-04-05 1996-10-09 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Underwater recovery system for autonomous diving device
JPH10305798A (en) * 1997-05-02 1998-11-17 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Underwater fitting frame and lifting device
CN101508333A (en) * 2009-03-13 2009-08-19 武汉海王机电工程技术公司 Mechanical automatic butt-joint releasing device
CN101633400A (en) * 2009-08-18 2010-01-27 中国船舶重工集团公司第七〇二研究所 Engaging mechanism for hoisting cable underwater robot
CN102897303A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-01-30 哈尔滨工程大学 Underwater electromechanical removal device
CN103129723A (en) * 2013-03-05 2013-06-05 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Securing device of one man atmospheric diving apparatus
CN103183113A (en) * 2011-12-28 2013-07-03 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Underwater robot recovery system and recovery method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1132710A (en) * 1995-04-05 1996-10-09 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Underwater recovery system for autonomous diving device
JPH10305798A (en) * 1997-05-02 1998-11-17 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Underwater fitting frame and lifting device
CN101508333A (en) * 2009-03-13 2009-08-19 武汉海王机电工程技术公司 Mechanical automatic butt-joint releasing device
CN101633400A (en) * 2009-08-18 2010-01-27 中国船舶重工集团公司第七〇二研究所 Engaging mechanism for hoisting cable underwater robot
CN103183113A (en) * 2011-12-28 2013-07-03 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Underwater robot recovery system and recovery method thereof
CN102897303A (en) * 2012-10-22 2013-01-30 哈尔滨工程大学 Underwater electromechanical removal device
CN103129723A (en) * 2013-03-05 2013-06-05 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Securing device of one man atmospheric diving apparatus

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103863533A (en) * 2014-03-19 2014-06-18 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Automatic unhooking and hooking device for water entry and exit in deep sea mobile workstation
CN103863533B (en) * 2014-03-19 2016-05-11 中国船舶重工集团公司第七○二研究所 Deep-sea mobile workstation Water Exit automatic trip hooking device
CN104477773A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-04-01 中国石油化工股份有限公司 High-altitude immediate-dismounting derrick device
CN111186536A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-05-22 武昌船舶重工集团有限公司 Towing device and ship equipped with same

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